Publisher: Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University (Total: 5 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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 Dhammathas Academic JournalNumber of Followers: 0     Open Access journal ISSN (Print) 1513-5845 Published by Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University  [5 journals]
• Knowledge Management on Social Capital for Strengthening Local Communities
with Participation of Civil Society in Pa Miang Subdistrict Municipality
Area Doi Saket District Chiang Mai Province

• Authors: Winit Pharcharuen, Suriyajaras Techatanminasakul, Sathaporn Saengsupho , Non Naprathansuk
Pages: 1 - 20
Abstract: This research aims to 1) Take out the lessons learned from knowledge management on social capital in the development of local communities in the past, 2) analyze social capital that shows the status and potential of the community in the knowledge management of social capital, 3) present a guideline for the development of Pa Miang Subdistrict Municipality and strengthen the participation of local communities. This research was carried out with a qualitative method of research and the Key informants include community leaders, corporate/agency representatives, and 50 residents. Various tools were used to collect data, which includes document data analysis, field survey, observations, interviews, group discussions including organizing of an exchange forum. The data were then analyzed, and content was synthesized according to the studied issues, which are presented in a descriptive form.
The results showed that:
1. Most of the context of Pa Miang Subdistrict Municipality is surrounded by natural resources such as Mae Kuang River Basin, which consists of 6 villages. Their way of life in the watershed area was in various forms. therefore, their social character was multicultural in which the local community has the following important social capital, such as (1) individual capital (2) learning resource fund, community organization (3) agency fund, network partners (4) cultural and local wisdom capital (5) natural resource and environment capital (6) Self-managed community grants. As a result, communities have to learn, adapt, and be able to survive in the midst of development and change.
2. The Social capital and potential of local communities in Pa Miang Subdistrict Municipality are characterized by natural resources, which are a source of learning and have a variety of lifestyles, that can indicate stability on a personal level with good integration and coordination with all sectors.
3. The result of the potential synthesis of social capital in the area using SWOT Analysis techniques led to the preparation of Pa Miang Subdistrict Municipality’s development strategy to strengthen the participation of the civil society in the local communities which consists of 4 strategies as follows: 1: Sustainable Resource Management, based on local culture 2: Cultural heritage, customs, traditions and wisdom. 3: Sufficiency, balance, and sustainable development of community economy 4: Building a learning society and well-being. This strategy is called PA MIANG Model, which is a strategy that experts and communities have assessed and certified through a community forum.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Cultural changes and inheritance of pack-horse caravan in Thailand: The
case study of passing down for three generations from Northern of Thailand
and Dali in Yunnan

• Authors: Nisareen Wangtakwadeen, Caijun Lin
Pages: 21 - 32
Abstract: The objectives of this study are: 1) to learn the cultural inheritance and changes among the horse-caravan traders living in the upper north of Thailand and Dali city of China and 2) to find out the causes of the cultural inheritance and changes. This is a quantitative study. Data has been collected from horse caravan traders living in the north of Thailand as well as those in Dali, Yunnan. Thirty people from three-generations, grandparents, parents, and children have been chosen using purposive sampling method. The methodologies applied include in-depth interviews and focus-group discussions. Data collected are then processed in content analysis.
The findings are:
1. The cultural inheritance and changes are found in education, marriage, and traditions.
2. Causes of these are the uniqueness on way of living in all these three areas. They should be supported in academic course along with religion studies.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The Developmental Patterns of Parents of children with Movement
Disabilities Kalasin Special Education Center

• Authors: Pataranan Ingpoo, Urasa Promtha , Chamnian Polhan
Pages: 33 - 44
Abstract: The purposes of this research were: 1) to study the problems and needs of parents with children mobility disabilities in Kalasin special education center, 2) to create and confirm the parental development model of children with mobility disabilities impairments, 3) to study the effect of using the parental development model of children with mobility disabilities. This was a qualitative research which was divided into 3 phases: 1) study the problems and needs of parents with children mobility disabilities in Kalasin special education center sample groups was 100 parents of children with mobility disabilities. 2) create and confirm the parental development model of children with mobility disabilities impairments in Kalasin special education center was 7 experts to draft the model, 7 evaluators to verify the model’s suitability 3) study the effect of using the parental development model of children with mobility disabilities in Kalasin special education center sample groups was 10 parents of children with mobility disabilities. Research instruments, questionnaires, group discussion form, observation form, and statistics which were used in data analysis were percentage, mean, and standard deviation.
The results of the research were as follow:
1. The problems and needs of parents with children mobility disabilities in Kalasin special education center, the results indicated that the level of problems and needs of parents with children mobility disabilities in the Kalasin Special Education Center Overall, the level of problems and demands were at a high level.
2. Parental Developmental Patterns of Children with mobility Disabilities Kalasin special education center was most suitable when considering each item, the highest level were: Principle, Objective, Content, Activities/Operational Procedures, and Evaluation.
3. The effect of using the parental development model of children with mobility disabilities in Kalasin special education center after the experiment had higher average than before.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Knowledge Management on Karen Ethnic Attire in Mae Hong Son Province

• Authors: Chutimun Sasong
Pages: 45 - 56
Abstract: The objectives of this research 1) to survey and collect clothing of Karen ethnic, 2) to explore and collect plants used to make costumes and decorate clothes of Karen ethnic, 3) to gain explicit knowledge that appears in the clothing of Karen ethnic and 4) to create a database of plants used to make costumes and to decorate the clothes of Karen ethnic. This research used a sample of 700 people from the following Karen ethnic groups: Skaw Karen, Pwo Karen, and Red Karen. The research instruments consisted of questionnaires and in-depth interviews.
The results of the research found that:
1. The general characteristics of Karen ethnic clothing were mostly made from artificial silk using backstrap weaving. The chemical dyeing process is used rather than natural dyes because of the convenience, fast, and consistent colors.
2. Cotton is a major material used in Karen weaving. Millet is used in embroidering to make beautiful patterns. Natural colors of cotton thread dyeing are commonly from fan-palm seeds, wild Castanea bark, Indian trumpet tree bark, jackfruit bark, etc.
3. Knowledge Management on Karen Ethnic are synthetic as the “KCODA Model” consisting of Knowledge Management: K, Conservation of Clothing: CO, and Database: DA.
4. Data registration of plants used for dyeing, dyeing methods, woven fabric patterns, and decoration. The three subgroups of Karen ethnic have made a memorandum of agreement in accordance with the Royal Initiative Plant Genetic Conservation Project of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (PSU). There is also a documentary on costumes bonding ethnic identity of Pwo Karen, Skaw Karen, and Red Karen.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Learning Management in Schools under Lampang Primary Education Service
Area Office 2

• Authors: Tantrene Suebpanya, Panotnon Teanprapakun
Pages: 57 - 70
Abstract: The objective of this research were 1) study for the condition of learning management in school that under Lampang Primary Education Service Area Office 2, and 2) study for the approach to learning management in school that be under Lampang Primary Education Service Area Office 2. This quantitative research was divided into 2 steps as follows: Step 1: to study on the condition of learning management in school that be under Lampang Primary Education Service Area Office 2 by using a checklist questionnaire, 5-levels estimation scale and open-ended questionnaire. Data were analyzed by using frequency, percentage and mean. Step 2: study of guidelines for learning management in school that be under Lampang Primary Education Service Area Office 2 by using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed by content analysis method and checking the suitability by the experts with focus group discussion.
The results of research showed that:
1. The condition of learning management in school that be under Lampang Primary Education Service Area Office 2 that overall and in each aspect, practice was at a high level in all aspects.
2. The guidelines for the learning management in school that be under Lampang Primary Education Service Area Office 2, there are 4 sides and each with 3 approaches as follow : the planning of learning management encourage teachers to receive training on learning management planning, core curriculum analysis, local curriculum, school curriculum and meeting to plan for learning management, organizing activities to promote learning management, encouragement teachers to attend training for promotion learning activities, Making of a manual for learning activities and using innovative media to organize learning activities, measurement and evaluation of learning management, encouragement to teachers attend training in measurement and evaluation of learning management, creation and development of effective measurement and evaluation tools, measurement and evaluation that according to schools’ measurement and evaluation regulations, supervision of learning management, planning meeting, preparing a manual for internal supervision in the school and creating of professional learning community with internal supervision in the school.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Implementation of Social Engineer Skills Development Policy for Specific
Case Studie of the SRU youth Project to Build a Nation

• Authors: Ponlakrit Sangarwut, Bussayamas Hemmanee
Pages: 71 - 82
Abstract: This research aims 1) to study the success of implementing the policy of the SRU youth project, build a nation towards becoming a social engineer graduate, consisting of 3 dimensions: skills, knowledge application; and in applying knowledge or innovation to promote the community. 2) to study the factors affecting the implementation of the policy of the SRU youth Project, build a nation project to become a social engineer graduate into practice. This qualitative research use an in-depth interview with key informants such as the including the rector or acting on behalf of the rector community representatives participating in the project consultant and the head of the student group participating in the project/representative, total of 58 people were purposive sampling. Data analysis was done by using content analysis technique.
Findings were as follows:
1. The success of implementing the policy of the SRU youth project, build a Nation towards becoming a social engineer graduate, found that 1) students had skills in social engineers such as analytical thinking skills, cause-effects, communication skills, and social engineering skills. The skill of working with others without conflict and skills to create innovation for society and be able to use this knowledge to develop society so that students can use those skills to improve the local level. 2) Students can apply their knowledge in real practice. Solve problems and develop communities in various dimensions by using social engineers 5C social engineer model to lead to policy implementation.
3) Students apply knowledge or innovations in Surat Thani Rajabhat University to benefit in promoting the community to be self-reliant and self-management.
2. As for the factors affecting the implementation of the policy of the SRU youth project, build a Nation towards becoming a social engineer graduate, namely personnel factors. Local Community Factors and social engineer factors.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

Students Using a Collaborative Reading Method

• Authors: Bhudtree Wetpichetkosol
Pages: 83 - 96
Abstract: The objectives of this research were: 1) to compare reading comprehension in English before and after study of undergraduate students by using the cooperative reading method and 2) to study students’ opinions on learning management by using the cooperative reading method of undergraduate students. The sample group was 35 bachelor’s degree students of Chiang Rai Rajabhat University who registered in English Reading in Daily Life course by cluster random sampling. It was an Experimental Research. The research instruments used in this study were 4 plans for English learning management by using the cooperative reading method, English reading comprehension test, and a survey of student’s opinions on learning management by using a collaborative reading method. One-group pretest-posttest design research was used. Statistics for data analysis were: percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test.
The result of this research showed that:
1. After the students were given a cooperative reading method, their ability to read English was higher than before. Significantly at 0.05.
2. Students’ opinions towards using a cooperative reading method were at a very high level.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Analyzing Elements of Designing Lesson Plans that Focuses on Students’
Ideas in Teaching Practice using Lesson Study and Open Approach to Learn
Students’ Ideas

• Authors: Rerngnapa Umtawong, Kiat Sangaroon , Sampan Thinwiangthong
Pages: 97 - 112
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to analyze the design elements of lesson plans that emphasized students' ideas in teaching practice using Lesson Study and Open Approach to learn students’ ideas. This research is case study that target group is the Lesson Study team at grade 5, that consisted of 4 members, consisting of 2 pre-service teachers and 2 co-observing teachers, semester 2 of the academic year 2020, Chumchon Ban Kaeng Khro Nong Phai School, Kaeng Khro District, Chaiyaphum Province that this was obtained by considering teaching practice using continuous and consistent Lesson Study. The research instruments were files note of lesson plan design, camera, audio recorder and video camera. Data were analyzed using analytical description.
The results showed that: The Lesson Study team together designed a lesson plan that focused on students’ ideas in teaching practice that used Lesson Study and Open Approach to learn students’ ideas have four elements namely; 1) Anticipate students’ ideas by focusing on solving problems in textbooks on their own, distinguish the ideas of problem solving between the teacher's ideas and the student's ideas, and anticipate students' difficulties that will arise from the ideas students use to solve problems; 2) create instruction, design media according to students' ideas by using instruction in textbooks as a guideline for creating instructions; 3) find connections and 4) determine where to observe the student's ideas by determining both the position and the time to be observed in step 2 of the Open Approach.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Analysis of Astrology Influencing on the Quality of Life of People in Khon
Kaen Province

• Authors: Apinya Sariphan, Prakrubhavanaphodhikun, Jaras Leeka
Pages: 113 - 124
Abstract: The objectives of this research were: 1) to study astrology; 2) to study astrology influencing the quality of life of people in Khon Kaen Province; 3) to analyze astrology influencing quality of life of people in Khon Kaen Province. This study was qualitative research. The data were studied from primary and secondary documents and 35 key informants before being interpreted by the descriptive analysis based on the inductive method.
The research results were as follows:
1. Astrology is a subject that deals with human fortune-telling and phenomena of the world by determining the positions of stars in the sky as a pointer, recorded as statistic data that influences the way of life of human beings. Its content consists of 1) background, 2) meaning, 3) evolution, 4) cosmology, 5) elements of astrology, 6) types of astrology and 7) prohibition.
2. An astrology influenced the quality of life of people in Khon Kaen province in 3 aspects: 1) beliefs, 2) rituals and 3) lifestyles. These three aspects will influence the quality of life in terms of individuals and society.
3. The analysis of astrology was divided into 2 types: 1) Belief: astrology was related to the way of life from birth to death such as naming, finding auspicious times, performing rituals and rituals for the dead including the way of life such as house construction and marriage; 2) Knowledge: (1) rationalism: the cognitive competence of humans in acquiring knowledge, belief and rituals caused by reason that is a continuation of belief in the individual; (2) experimentalism: computational group and forecast group were the group that gained knowledge from experience by taking statistical records and then analyzed for predicting future phenomena.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The Causal Model towards Government Defense Anti-Corruption Measurement of
Government Procurement of Electronic Biddingin Bangkok, Thailand

• Authors: Nantita Lertsongkramchai, Natnicha Chotpittayanon
Pages: 125 - 134
Abstract: The objectives of this research are as follows: 1) to study the levels of procurement corruption, good governance, STRONG, and preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method; 2) to study the factors affecting for preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method; and 3) to study the guidelines for preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method. This research utilized a mixed method. In the quantitative research part, the sample consisted 400 people. Data were collected via a questionnaire and analyzed with a Structural Equation Model. In the qualitative research component, in-depth interviews were performed with 15 key informants.They were selected by purposive sampling. Data were then analyzed with content analysis.
The research findings showed that:
1. Good governance, STRONG, and preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method were rated at a high level, except for procurement corruption was at a moderate level.
2. The structural equation model of factors affecting the preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method are in line with empirical data, as shown by the Chi-square = 253.59, df = 83, p-value = 0.000, GFI = 0.91, and RMSEA = 0.08. It is found that factors affecting the preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method are STRONG with the coefficient of 0.65 and good governance with the coefficient of 0.34 respectively.
3. The guidelines for preventing corruption in procurement by electronic bidding method as follow: enhance transparency by using Open Government Data and good governance principles, enhancing the process of public participation in procurement monitoring, management according to the principles of Public Sector Management Quality Award, and Increase penalties for procurement offenses.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

Educational Service Area Office Bangkok 2

• Authors: Suwimon Intaput , Patumphorn Piatanom
Pages: 135 - 152
Abstract: The purpose of this research are: 1) to study the levels of servant leadership of school administrators under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Bangkok 2, and 2) to compare the levels of servant leadership of school administrators under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Bangkok 2 classified by the levels of education, work experiences, and school sizes. It’s a survey research. The study samples consisted of 365 teachers who worked in schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Bangkok 2 in academic year 2020. The samples were categorized by using the Cohen’ random samples which were selected by stratified random sampling. The instrument was a questionnaire querying teachers’ opinion about the levels of servant leadership of school administrators. The questionnaire’s reliability was 0.982. The statistics used in the data analysis were mean, standard deviation, t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Scheffé’s method.
The research result finds that:
1. The results of servant leadership’s levels of school administrators under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Bangkok 2 was at high level, considering each dimension of the opinion, all of them were also at high level.
2. The results of servant leadership comparison’s levels of school administrators under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Bangkok 2, classified by the levels of education, work experiences, and school sizes were summarized as follows: the opinion of servant leadership’s levels of school administrators with different levels of education was found to be different at a significant level of .05, except for the opinion about the stewardship, with no difference. The opinion of servant leadership’s levels of school administrators among teachers with different in work experiences and school sizes were found to be different at a significant level of .05, both with the overall opinion and in each dimension.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Morale and Spirit in the Performance of Personnel of Nong Khaem District
Office, Bangkok

• Authors: Wimonrat Chaisri, Rachen Noppanatwongsakorn
Pages: 153 - 164
Abstract: The objectives of this research are 1) to study the level of the morale and spirit in the performance of personnel of Nong Khaem District Office, Bangkok, 2) to compare the morale and spirit in the performance of personnel of Nong Khaem District Office according to personal factors, and (3) to suggest appropriate guidelines for boosting the morale and spirit in the performance of personnel of Nong Khaem District Office. The population of this study was 508 personnel of Nong Khaem District Office. The tool used for data collection was a questionnaire. The statistics used for data collection were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and statistical values using t-test and F-test One Way ANOVA.
The results showed that:
1. The morale and spirit in the performance of personnel working in Nong Khaem District Office, Bangkok in all four factors were overall at a high level. Considering each factor, a factor indicating the highest average level was overall performance (mean score of 4.22), followed by stability of operation (mean score of 4.20), characteristics of operation (mean score of 4.07), and compensation and benefits (mean score of 3.97), respectively.
2. The results of comparing the morale and spirit in the performance of personnel of Nong Khaem District Office revealed that personnel working in Nong Khaem District Office according to personal factors such as gender, age, educational level, and marital status, average monthly income, and job position, overall did not affect the morale and spirit in the performance of personnel of Nong Khaem District Office.
3. Suggestions and appropriate guidelines for boosting the morale and spirit in the performance of personnel in Nong Khaem District Office were that the superiors must have a clearly written order in assigning work, and various welfares for the personnel, including organizing training and seminars, should be provided in order to enhance the skills and potential of the personnel thoroughly.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The Role of “Pu Chan” to Support Buddhism in the Community, Dong Mada
Sub-district, Mae Lao District, Chiang Rai Province

• Authors: Chanchai Rittiruam, Gomin Wang-on
Pages: 165 - 178
Abstract: The objective of this research was to study the characteristic and role of “Pu Chan” to support Buddhism in the community, Dong Mada sub-district, Mae Lao district, Chiang Rai province. It was a qualitative research and the researcher had in-depth interview with 15 Pu Chan/temple warden, in order to classify their important characters in Lanna society contexts and had focus group to study social activities that were the important roles of Pu Chan to support Buddhism in communities to analyze the content and to summarize studied issues.
The research found that: Most of Pu Chan in Northern Lanna community, Dong Mada sub-district, Mae Lao district, Chiang Rai province were elderly men with Buddhism knowledge and being the leaders in transferred religious ceremonies for Lanna style. Their important role was creating religious heirs for temple donor club and their role for spreading Buddhism was giving four necessities of life, persuading people to listen to Buddha’s teaching and discussing the doctrines. Their role for social work was helping the poor. Furthermore; their roles for Buddhism religious ceremonies and ceremonies for supernatural believes were to chant prayers as well as follow the Buddha’s teaching, to avert a catastrophe by magic power to heal people’s minds.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Providing Education at the Local Level: A Case Study of Tha Phra Municipal
School, Mueang District, Khon Kaen Province

• Authors: Weena Mapate, Grichawat Lowatcharin
Pages: 179 - 188
Abstract: The current study aimed 1) to examine development, success conditions, and problems in the management of Tha Phra Municipal School in Mueang District, Khon Kaen Province, 2) It also aimed to provide a guideline for improving education quality of the school. A single-holistic case study design was employed with interviews of 17 key informants.
Findings reveal that:
1. The school was established because of the need and participation of local residents. Conditions conducive to its success include: local administrators who recognize the importance of education and want to provide quality education at the locality; faculty members who are encouraged to improve their knowledge and skills; financial support from the national and municipal governments; and prime location. The school, however, has confronted with several problems and obstructions in terms of academic excellence, financial planning and management, and general administration.
2. For better quality of education provision, the school should encourage and provide opportunities faculty members, as well as supporting staff members, to improve their related knowledge and skills.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Development of Spending Behavior in accordance with Theravada Buddhist
Philosophy of High-School Students in Koksipitayason-School, Khon Kaen
Province

• Authors: Chaninee Yospan, Suwin Thongpan, Jaras Leeka, Prasit Wongsrithep
Pages: 189 - 200
Abstract: This research aims to 1) to study the concepts and theories in relations to spending behavior according to Buddhist Theravada philosophy; 2) tostudy the state of problems in spending money of high school students of Khok Si Pitayason school; 3) to develop the behaviors of spending money according to Buddhist Theravada philosophy for the high school students. This research is a qualitative research. There were 65 key informants using descriptive data analysis based on inductive method.
The research results were as follows:
1. Buddhist Theravada philosophy are the principles and concepts of spending money in living on the four requisites: food, cloth or decoration, housing and medicines. Each expense requires worthiness consideration before making a decision. The dhammas used in money expense are the fourfold division of money (bhogavibhāga), the virtues conducive to benefits in the present or virtues leading to temporal welfare (Diṭṭhadhammikattha-saṁvattanika-dhamma) and the eightfold paths (ariyamagga).
2. The students are spendthrift in food, cloth, decoration, cellphone and unnecessary tours etc. This was resulted from the rapid social, economic, cultural and technological changes in the era of the material advance, high competition and materialism emphasis more than the mind, causing the students to inescapably be in the stream of consumerism.
3. The development of the behaviors in spending money according to the Buddhist Theravada philosophy of the students can be done by organizing the training for behavioral change in their expense so that they realize the values of their spending money in each time. This in Buddhism is called ‘true consumption’.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Strategy Development to Promote Small and Medium Enterprises in Loei
Province

Pages: 201 - 212
Abstract: This research is intended to 1) study current conditions, problems, and the wishes and needs for the promotion of small and medium enterprises in Loei Province. 2) develop strategies to promote small and medium enterprises in Loei Province, and 3) implement the strategy for promoting small and medium enterprises in Loei Province and evaluate the results of the implementation of the strategy. Participants of this research included representatives of SMEs, and associated agencies in Loei Province. The research method which I utilized was the Participatory Action Research method (PAR). The research instruments used include in-depth interviews, group discussions, brainstorming meetings, and collaborative action. The analysis of the data gathered included two parts consisting of the analysis of the number data, frequency, mean, and standard deviation as well as that of the qualitative data intended for the analysis of the content.
The results revealed that:
1. Current conditions show that there are 1,440 SME entrepreneurs in Loei Province. The problems that they are facing are the lack of accessibility to the marketing channel, the lack of working capital, the difficulty in accessing sources of capital, and the lack of knowledge in management. The SME entrepreneurs wish for the promotion of the market, accessibility to sources of capital especially those which provide low-interest capital, and the promotion of education in management.
2. Results of the development of the strategy to promote SMEs in Loei Province, which were analysed by and received contributions from the civil society forum, consist of the vision "Loei Province SMEs are leaders in the development of business competition, coordination, and promotion of education as well as linking up entrepreneurs so that they can achieve success and step forward into the world market", 4 strategies, 4 missions, 4 goals, 5 tactics, 45 projects, and 50 indicators.
3. Results of the implementation of the strategic development to promote SMEs in Loei Province and the evaluation of the implementation of the strategy, which includes 4 projects, were satisfactory in every single instance.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The Relationship betweenthe Local Cultureand the Local Electoral

• Authors: Phorntep Kosiworawut
Pages: 213 - 228
Abstract: The purpose of this study 1) to study the level of the relationship between local culture and local electoral vote 2) to study the relationship between the local culture and the local electoral vote 3) to study the local culture that effect to the local electoral vote 4) to find out the suggestions in which local culture for presented to the executives and related parties for the local elections development. This research approaches of mixed methods research was applied by combining the quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative method was conducted by studying 400samples, from the permanent secretary of the local administrative organization and voters of Mueang Khon Kaen District, this sample derived from Taro Yamane. For the qualitative method was conducted by interviewing from 18 the secretary of the local administrative organization, selected by purposive sampling. The tool used to collect data was questionnaire. The statistics used to analyze data included percentage, mean, standard deviation, and the hypothesis test by the correlation analyzing and multiple regressions. The qualitative method was conducted by interview form, from 18 the secretaries of the local administrative organization. The data were analyzed by using content analysis.
The research results were show as follows:
1. The local culture was at the highest level. The aspect with the highest mean was the rights and liberties of individuals, followed by the principle of equality and the least was the majority votes.
2. The overall local electoral vote was at the highest level. The aspect with the highest mean was go to the polls, followed by cast a ballot, and the least was the timing of voting decisions in election.
3. The local culture were a positive correlation with the local electoral vote, r = 0.679 was statistically significant at the .01 level, the regression analysis found that the rights and liberties of individuals, the principle of equality, the principle of consent, the principles of sovereignty and the principles of majority that influenced to the local electoral vote. As consistent with hypothesis.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• A Casual Model of Teacher’s Burnout

• Authors: Kanchanee Srisopha, Manop Chunin , Pinkanok Wongpinphet
Pages: 229 - 238
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to develop and investigate the validity of causal relationship model of teacher’s burnout with empirical study. For the qualitative method, the samples of this study were 556 teachers in the secondary schools under the secondaryeducational service area office 1 And 2. In this study, questionnaires were used to collect data about five variables as follows: work aholic, job stress, positive thinking, job burnout, and job satisfaction. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze data.
Results indicated that: the structural model was consistent with empirical data as demonstrated by the following indices: 40.60 % of the variance in associated with job burnout was explained by three predictors. Specifically, job stress had the strongest direct effect on job burnout. This finding added to the debate regarding job burnout as a mediator between job stress and job satisfaction.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Satisfaction of Undergraduate Students towards Online Teaching,
Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Khon Kaen Campus

• Authors: Phramaha Daosaya Vajirapañño (Klalod), Amonrat Techanok, Phramaha Suttidon Cittapañño (Poonok), Phra Sukrit Bhaddaramedhi (Marasri)
Pages: 239 - 250
Abstract: This study aimed to examine satisfaction of undergraduate students towards online teaching to compare student satisfaction of the online teaching approach and study the guideline in development of online learning at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Khon Kaen Campus. This study was carried out by means of the mixed method research to collect the data from 262 undergraduate students at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Khon Kaen Campus, and eight key informants. The tools used in this study were survey form and interview form. Statistics used in this study were frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. T-test and F-test were also used.
The study found that:
1. The undergraduate students’ overall satisfaction with the online teaching at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Khon Kaen Campus was high, with learning activities being rated the highest, while the teacher, learning assessment and learning factors were rated high.
2. Students with different age, gender and year did not have different level of satisfaction. On the other hand, students with different programs had different online learning satisfaction level with statistical significance of 0.05.
3. The guideline for development of online teaching at MahachulalongKornrajavidyalaya University Khon Kaen Campus was that the atmosphere should be relaxed enough that the students were encouraged to express their minds. There should be activities that stimulated the students to find answers. The learning activities should follow the teaching plan. Appropriate media should be used in class, and there should be assessment after the class.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The solution to Thai political behavior in Plato's view

• Authors: Chuchat Songklang, Suwin Thongpan, Jaras Leeka, Prasit Wongsrithep
Pages: 251 - 260
Abstract: The aims of this research were: 1) to study the concepts of political philosophy according to Plato’s view; 2) to study the political behaviors in Thailand; 3) to present the solution of Thai political behaviors according to Plato’s view. The tools of this qualitative research were the participatory observation form, and an in-depth interview form used to collect the data from 30 key informants including 10 national election committee members, 10 politicians and 10 voters. The obtained data were analyzed by the descriptive analysis based on the deductive method.
The research results were as follows:
1. Politics is an art of governance all the governors must know about; good governance is based on the wisdom of virtuous rulers and the wise who are capable of knowing the truth of the governance. It is called ‘the king of philosophers’, endowed with four virtues: intelligence, braveness, justice and knowing one’s won ability.
2. Ethical issues of Thai politicians today include: 1) corruption; 2) problems of using power and work based on their duties; 3) problems caused by a lack of political morality and ethics.
3. The educational ability is a key criterion in dividing the human class. The solution to the problem of political exploitation can be made by adhering in moral principles and solving the problems of ethical behaviors of politicians. The morality of the state is the same as the virtue of the individual person: 1) intelligence, 2) braveness, 3) knowing one’s won ability and 4) justice. The training and promotion of the citizens to have 3 basic principles: 1) honesty 2) good morals 3) good eating can be organized to have people obey the laws of the state and have responsibility for the role of each individual with three types of morality: 1) education, 2) law and 3) moral.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Integrating Buddhist Principles and Activities to Promote Health and
disease Prevention Depression of the Elderly in Chiang Mai Province

• Authors: Phramaha Boonna Thanaveero, Phramaha Chatchai Suchattajayo, Phra Athiwat Rattavanno, Pradit Kammungkun, Wandee Boonlom
Pages: 261 - 272
Abstract: The purposes of this research were: 1) to examine condition of dharma principles and Buddhist activities. To promote health and prevent depression of the elderly in Chiang Mai, 2) to examine condition integrate Buddhist principles and activities for health promotion and prevention of depression in the elderly in Chiang Mai It is a mixed research method. Both quantitative research and qualitative research the samples used in the research by specific sampling method by choosing a specific study is. Sangha governing Mae Sa sub-district Abbot of Mae Saluang Temple and monks, preachers of the School for the Elderly, Mae Sa Sub-district, Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai Province by using the interview form together with group conversations It is a tool for collecting information. As for the quantitative data, 85 questionnaires were collected and qualitative data were collected to coordinate for in-depth interview appointments. In the quantitative data, computer statistical analysis was used to find the percentage, mean and standard deviation and qualitative data using descriptive analysis methods.
The results revealed that:
1. Most of the elderly people in the community did not have depression. Schools for the elderly were promoted by joint network partners, namely the Sub-District Administrative Organization, the Sangha and the Tambon Health Promoting Hospital and preliminary ordinance training activities for the elderly it helps to improve health and prevent depressive symptoms of the elderly in.
2. Integrating Dharma principles. They do not fall in love with materialism in the era of globalization and can alleviate depression through Buddhist activities, namely meditation, which is Samatha meditation by practicing meditation to suppress all defilements and feelings and introspection through ariyas, standing, walking, sitting and lying, suitable for the elderly Research Recommendations Sangha administrators should pay more attention to the promotion and development of the elderly. And the community should work together to develop a plan for the development of the elderly in the community. for continuous care for the elderly by using dharma principles and Buddhist activities to enhance health and prevent depression in the elderly.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The sexuality transition processes from male to homosexual male of main
characters: A case study of Thai series from LINE TV between 2015 and
2020.

• Authors: Ronnayut Ueatrirat, Orathai Piayura
Pages: 273 - 284
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the narrative technique of a transitioning process of sexuality from male to homosexual male main characters in Thai TV series. This study involved a case study of homosexual male characters on LINE TV series broadcast between 2015 and 2020, a total of 15 series. Data were analyzed using textual analysis and presented using descriptive analysis.
The findings of this study revealed that: The Thai TV series tended to gradually construct the narrative technique of a transitioning process for the main male characters, in which the sexuality of the main characters changed from heterosexual males to
homosexual males. This transitioning process typically follows four similar steps, as follows: Step 1: The characters maintained traditional masculine values. In this step, the characters were still committed to their assigned sex and the social expectations embedded within their assigned sex, especially the preference for heterosexuality. The characters refuse to display homosexual tendencies in public. Step 2: The characters faced a masculinity breakdown. Typically, in such a series, the main characters face a variety of incidents that lead to the breaking down of their masculinity at different points in time. This step represents the start of the main characters’ realizing that denying their homosexuality has caused them misery and accepting it could bring them happiness. The main characters are confused about whether they have a greater desire toward heterosexuality or homosexuality. Step 3: The characters fought, negotiated, and clarified any confusion they had about their sexuality in order to realize their true sexual orientation. In this step, the main characters try to free themselves from confusion about their sexuality through a variety of ways, including fighting, negotiating, and finding the clarity to overcome their confusion. Step 4: The characters accepted their homosexuality. At this stage, the main characters finally start to accept their homosexuality and begin to display it through non-verbal language rather than verbal language. Later, when the main characters feel more confident about their homosexuality, they reveal themselves through verbal language too.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Intimate relationship in LGBT Literature

• Authors: Anantasak Phonkaewket, Orathai Piayura
Pages: 285 - 296
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to criticize the intimate relationship in LGT literature. The qualitative research was used for collecting data which shown the data through the descriptive analysis.
The results shown that: there were 5 characteristics of the intimate relationship in GBT literature as follow; 1. Sexual orientation: There was a romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females which meant that firstly, he would have a relationship with females but he finally found himself that he like males. 2. Sexual desire: Each character have their own sexual desire differently which meant that some of them obsessed with sex. 3. Sexual behavior: There were various ways of gay sexual practice, for example, oral sex, fingering, sexual offences, and sexual defenses. 4. There were some types of discourses that can cause having relationship; challenging discourse, romantic discourse, and intimidate discourse. 5. Sexual attitudes: There were 2 types of sexual attitudes; conservative and extramarital sexuality or there was a relationship between men and men which meant the gender could not define sexual behaviors. Men love men was from the connection between being a female and being a male, which lead to have various sexual behavior.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Attributes of the Modern Local Politician and the Local Electoral Behavior
of Voters

• Authors: Rapeeporn Thongtong
Pages: 297 - 310
Abstract: The purpose of this study 1) to study the level of the attributes of modern local politicians and decision-making local electoral of voters 2) to study the relationship between the attributes of modern local politicians and decision-making local electoral of voters 3) to study the attributes of modern local politicians that effect to decision-making local electoral of voters and 4) to find out the suggestions for the attributes of modern local politicians that relationshipto decision making on local electoral of voters. This research approach of mixed methods research was applied by combining the quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative method was conducted by studying 400 samples, this sample derived from the Gay and Airasian and the samples were selected by Stratified Random Sampling. The tools used to collect data was five level rating scale questionnaire. The statistics used to analyze data included percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The qualitative method was conducted by interviewing from the target group of 9, selected purposively from the local electoral experts. The data were analyzed by using content analysis.
The research results were show as follows:
1. The attributes of modern local politicians were at the highest level. The aspect with the highest mean wastransformational leadership, followed by innovation leaders and the least was the visionary.
2. The overall decision-making local electoral of voters were at the highest level. The aspect with the highest mean was the applicant's personal image, followed by family/kinship/network, and the least was environmental factors.
3. The attributes of modern local politicians and there were a positive correlation with decision-making local electoral of voters, at the moderate level, r = 0.679 was statistically significant at the .01 level.
4. The influence test of the attributes of modern local politicians revealed that was four variables that influenced the decision-making local electoral. At the statistical significance level of 0.05, in order of transformational leaders. Innovative Leader, Servant and Multicultural Coordinator.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Sustainable Community Solid Waste Management Model Bases on A New Normal

• Authors: Sophon Suwannarat, Kriangsak Soisuwan
Pages: 311 - 326
Abstract: The objectives of this research were to study the condition and problems of community solid waste management as well as to develop and assess a sustainable community solid waste management model based on a new normal. Case study in Loei Province The target groups used in the research were stakeholders in community solid waste management at the provincial, district, local level 47 government agencies involved and qualified persons with knowledge and expertise. Research tools are: An interview form for the condition and problems of community solid waste management and an assessment form for sustainable waste management based on a new normal. Case study in Loei Province Analyze data with content analysis.
The research found that:
1. The conditions and problems for community solid waste management were: Loei Province operates as an administrative unit and is assigned to a local administrative organization as an operating unit which has the powers and duties under the law The management is divided into source, middle and destination levels. From the research, the operation of Loei Province has policy problems. Community solid waste management at the source level mid way and destination as well as in the field of supervision
2. Developing a sustainable community solid waste management model based on a new normal Case study in Loei Province. The researcher analyzed the condition and problems of community solid waste management in Loei Province. By using the information obtained in the workshop for brainstorming opinions and approval from experts, consisting of steps. Processes, components, mechanisms and measures to drive policy and management in 3 levels: Entry level with 9 Rs+ 3New principle. Mid-level with the principle of 8Rs + 1New Destination level with 1R+1New principles and monitoring aspects.
3. Assessment of sustainable community solid waste management model based on new way of life Case study in Loei Province. It was found that the overall pattern was appropriate at the highest level ($\bar{x}$ = 4.81). In terms of management, it is the most appropriate number one ($\bar{x}$ = 4.89). In terms of policy and governance, the second most appropriate was followed ($\bar{x}$ = 4.78).
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Management Model for Thailand
Stone Mining in the Next Decade (2020-2030)

• Authors: Aupal Taesillapasathit , Chanettee Piphatanangkun
Pages: 327 - 336
Abstract: The objectives of this study are 1) to study the overall circumstances of stone quarries in Thailand, 2) to study the CSR management guidelines for Thailand's stone quarries, and 3) to present the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) management model for Thailand stone mining in the next decade (2020-2030). A mixed-methods study was used to evaluate Thailand's stone mining CSR model. First, qualitative in-depth interviews with ten key informants who were significantly involved in the activities of Thailand stone mining were conducted. Then, a brainstorming session with 16 key stakeholders was organized using in-depth interviews to conduct Thailand stone quarries' CSR directions and management format. Finally, for the quantitative method, CSR directions and management format were confirmed by questionnaires with 369 samples collected from a limestone quarry in Pak Chong, Nakhon Ratchasima, for creating the Thailand stone mining CSR model.
As a result, shows that:
1. The main problem of social responsibility in limestone mining from past to present is a problem with the health care of people in the surrounding areas. Entrepreneurs and the government sector must take seriously consistent and always open for investigation.
2. Guidelines for managing the social responsibility of limestone mining for construction must be responsible for natural resources, the environment economic, legal, ethical, and public interest.
3. The Social Responsibility Management Model of Limestone Mining for Construction in the Next Decade (2020-2029), named "Homeland CSR Model" consists of building relationships between organizations and cultivating consciousness, developing the mind's economic balance improving the quality of life. Restoration of natural resources and the environment as well as the development of houses, temples, schools, and conservation of arts and culture. Jobs need to be available as well as the development of the community's happiness and cooperating with the measures of the public sector.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• The Development of Teacher Followership Indicators in Secondary Schools
under the Office of the Basic Education Commission in the North-Eastern
Region of Thailand

• Authors: Phimpaphat Kaewdee, Akkaluck Pheasa , Waro Pengsawat
Pages: 337 - 348
Abstract: The objectives of this study were 1) to develop the indicator of teacher’s followership in secondary schools under the Office of the Basic Education Commission (OBEC) in the North-eastern region of Thailand, 2) to examine the congruence of the developed structural model teacher’s followership indicators in secondary schools under OBEC in the North-eastern region of Thailand with empirical data and 3) to develop a manual handbook using as a reference of teacher’s followership indicators for secondary schools. The study was conducted by mixed methods and was divided into 3 phases.The first phase: to develop conceptual framework and indicators by analyzing relevant documents and researches, interviewing senior experts and conducting case studies; the second phase was the examination of the author’s research hypothesis with empirical data by seeking the inputs from 600 school administrators and teachers working in secondary schoolsunder the OBEC in the North-eastern region of Thailand. The research tool was a 5-level rating scale questionnaire. The data analysis was conducted within statistics software the user manual on the developed teacher’s followership indicators was created and examined by experts in the third phase.
The findings are as follows:
1. The teacher’s followership indicators consist of 6 main components, 25 sub-components and 118 indicators, which can be classified as, 22 indicators on responsibility, 13 indicators on self-development, 20 indicators on critical thinking, 21 indicators on human relations, 20 indicators on team work and 22 indicators on courage.
2. The developed structural model of teacher’s followership indicators in secondary schools under OBEC in the North-eastern region of Thailand shows the congruence with empirical data, with chi-square = 40.67, df = 42, GFI = 0.99, AGFI = 0.96 and RMSEA = 0.00, which are all in conformity with the hypothesis.
3. The overall appropriateness of the manual book for teacher’s followership indicator in secondary schools is at the high level ($\bar{x}$ = 4.50 S.D. = 0.32).
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• On the Study of Comparative Politics: Concept of Political Development,
Democratization, Inequality/ Intersectionality Case Studies of Thailand

• Authors: Norachit Jirasatthumb, Kiraphat Khianthongkul
Pages: 349 - 366
Abstract: This research aims to apply the concept of political development, democratization, and inequality/ intersectionality for exploring the relationship in political development, democratization, and inequality/ intersectionality by employing the case studies of Thailand and Japan. This research uses a qualitative approach, namely a document research combining with the approach of sociology of knowledge, in order to analyze and compare the economic, social, and political context of the case studies.
The research results show that: Thailand and Japan have a similar regime of governance and political institutions, but Japan has a more stable constitution. Moreover, Thailand and Japan are similar in terms of their early stage of economic development, but historical results of World War 2 caused, Japan to focus on technological development, having a consequence of more advanced economy. In social dimension, Thailand has high inequality due to the high distance of interaction between state and its people. However, Japan has a little inequality because the government considers equality and focuses on providing a coverage public service. This study recommends that the political development is an important process which encourages people’s participation and leads to democracy within the society.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Foundation of Founding, Structure, Traits, Operational System and Working
role of Existing Community Councils in Thailand

• Authors: สิทธิชัย ธรรมขัน, สมคิด แก้วทิพย์, เฉลิมชัย ปัญญาดี , ปรารถนา ยศสุข
Pages: 367 - 382
Abstract: The qualitative study aimed to investigate foundation of founding, structure, traits, operational system and working role of existing community councils in Thailand. Data were collected through documentary review and in-dept interview conducted with 15 key informants. Obtained data were analyzed by using content analysis for making principled conclusion.
Results of the study revealed that: The foundation of founding arised from the concept of togetherness leading to a central area of consultation creating. The community council structure was divided based on the following criteria: 1) working link i.e. simple structured community council and complex one; 2) a level of working link i.e. the village level leading to the sub-district one and the sub-district level leading to the national one. The community council trait was divided based on the following criteria: founding trait i.e. formal and informal community council; community trait structured, non-structured and semi-structured community councils. The management based on diversity of the community council comprising the following: 1) operational planning; 2) rules and regulations; 3) communication within the community council; 4) learning skill development of the community leaders and members; 5) administration that facilitates the operation of the community council; and 6) operational control of the community council. Working role of the community council consisting of the following: 1) being a consultation area; 2) coordination; 3) proposing solutions for joint management; 4) data dissemination for creating knowledge and understanding about the community council operation; 5) strengthening the community organization; 6) creating ruler and agreements to work together; and 7) creating cooperation in management, care, and sustainable utilization of community resources.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Teacher Development Model inLearning Management that Promotes Creative
Thinking Skills of Secondary Schools in Surat Thani Province under The
Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Surat Thani and Chumphon

• Authors: Thirapong Kongduang
Pages: 383 - 394
Abstract: The purpose of this research are to study the problem conditions of teacher development and learning management that promotes creative thinking skills; 2) to develop a model of teacher development in learning management that promotes creative thinking skills; and 3) to evaluate the use of the teacher development model in learning management that promotes creative thinking skills of secondary schools in Surat Thani province under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Surat Thani and Chumphon. The research and development. The sample group consisted of 335 administrators and teachers using the table of Krejecie & Morgan. The target group consisted of 16 teachers using the table of Purposive Sampling. The tool is used as a problem condition questionnaire, a suitability assessment, cognitive tests, and satisfaction questionnaires. The data were analyzed by using basic statistics such as mean standard deviation and t-test.
The research results revealed as the following:
1. The problem conditions of teacher development and learning management that promotes creative thinking skills overall were at high levels, sorted in the following order were: The teacher development today focuses on lecturing rather than putting teachers into practice. The development of teacher at present emphasizes on the operation development of structures rather than the development of learning management or follow-up supervision to monitor teacher development in learning management that promotes creative thinking skills.
2. The results of the development of a learning management model that promotes creative thinking skills showed that the model consists of principles, objectives, contents, development methods, and measurement and evaluation. The overall of suitability assessment results were at the highest levels.
3. The results of the evaluation of using the teacher development model in learning management that promote creative thinking skills indicated that the scores on understanding before and after the trainings were statistically significant difference at the .01 level. In addition, satisfaction in using the teacher development model in learning management that promotes creative thinking skills was on the whole at the highest level.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• A survey on the requirement of the additional course on E-sports in the
Science and Technology Subject Areas of Schools under the Secondary
Educational Service Area office Nakhon Phanom

• Authors: Jaturaput Praison, Wannika Chalakbang
Pages: 395 - 408
Abstract: The purposes of this research were 1) to survey the requirement of the additional course on E-sports in the Science and Technology Subject Areas of Schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area office Nakhon Phanom, 2) to study the curriculum design of the additional course on E-sports in the Science and Technology Subject Areas of Schools Under the Secondary Educational Service Area office Nakhon Phanom is Quantitative Research. The instrument used to gather information was a survey questionnaire which was distributed to 399 participants. Moreover, it was verified by the seven experts along which had the Index of Item-Objective Congruence (IOC) between 0.71 to 100.
The results are as follows:
1. The requirement of the additional course on E-sports indicated the overview at a high rate ($\bar{x}$ = 4.14).
2. The additional course on E-sports is 5 units Unit 1 Games and E-sports Unit 2 E-sports skills Unit 3 E-sports and communication Unit 4 Quality of life with E-sports Unit 5 Games Development.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

• Public Policy on Drug Prevention and Suppression of Thailand

• Authors: Sasiwimon Kummuang, Saket Panthuan, Teeradon Kongsitrattanatrakul , Phasakorn Dokshan
Pages: 409 - 420
Abstract: This academic article was determined to study the drug suppression policy in Thailand. The objectives of this research were investigating situations of drug prevention and suppression from the past until now, causes, environmental conditions, including factors contributing to the drug epidemic that had been exponentially severe today. No matter how much the problem was prevented and suppressed with great effort in all possible ways, the critical drug epidemic did not tend to decrease significantly. At the same time, this study attempted to reflect the failure of the government's public policy implementation and analyze how the government propelled the policy to solve the problem. This research also presented the factors that affected the failure of policy implementation and offered efficient means to drive the achievement of drug prevention and suppression policies nowadays.
PubDate: 2022-06-30
Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

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