Publisher: Universidad Científica del Sur (Total: 2 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Revista Científica Odontológica
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ISSN (Print) 2310-2594 - ISSN (Online) 2523-2754
Published by Universidad Científica del Sur Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Interaction with the dental patient

    • Authors: Josep M. Ustrell
      Pages: e149 - e149
      Abstract: Oral pathology must be successfully treated, but it depends on good planning from the beginning of the consultation and culminates with good functionality, aesthetics, and occlusal stability. In addition, it is essential to maintain this situation for as long as possible, an indeterminate time that will depend on the excellent performance of those who occupy the three vertices of an equilateral triangle: professional, team, and patient.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-149
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Burnout syndrome among dentists of Health Centers from Acapulco, Mexico.

    • Authors: Tatiana Ciprián Chavelas, Eslin Adame Marroquín, Carlos Alberto Juárez Medel
      Pages: e150 - e150
      Abstract: Introduction: Burnout syndrome is professional burnout resulting from chronic work stress with a three-dimensional complex characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfillment derived from work due to direct contact with patients. Objective: To estimate the frequency of severe burnout syndrome among dentists of Health Centers from Acapulco, Mexico. Material and methods: Cross-sectional design in a convenience sample of 80 dentists with the application of a self-administered questionnaire of 44 items during March to May 2022. The instrument contained the Maslach-Burnout Inventory of 22 items with Likert-type categorical responses, which established a global score with the sum of the three dimensions. A binary logistic regression analysis was applied based on the cut-off point established with SPSS V.24.0 statistical software. Results: The 50% of the dentists presented severe burnout. A related factor was found, the type of employment contract, in the category of temporary and fee contract (p=0.04). Conclusion: Actions should be taken to improve labor stability conditions for dentists, through the recognition of their work, in order to improve the types of contracting in public health institutions.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-150
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Facial biotype in relation to the shape of the upper dental arch of
           individuals from the city of Corrientes. A crosssectional study

    • Authors: Maria Constanza AFFUR, Gabriela G. Bessone
      Pages: e151 - e151
      Abstract: This research sought to define a facial anthropometric pattern that characterizes individuals from the City of Corrientes. Objectives: Obtain the facial morphometry of individuals of both sexes and determine its prevalence. To determine the most frequent types of maxillary arches in the sample. To analyze the facial variation through the morphometric index in relation to the shape of the maxillary arch. Materials and methods: This study was observational, descriptive, and crosssectional. The facial morphometric modification was analyzed in relation to the shape of the upper dental arch, which was presented by a group of 50 patients of both sexes, born in the city of Corrientes, Argentina with an age range between 18 to 40 years, who voluntarily attended for his attention to the FOUNNE University Dental Hospital and the Rossi Candia SAPS dependent on the Municipality of the City of Corrientes. To establish the Facial Morphological Index (FMI), the Rakosi & Irmtrud measurement was implemented, using a digital caliper with a range of 150 mm. To determine the shape of the arches, plaster models obtained from each maxilla belonging to the sample are made and with the use of 3M brand templates, the arches are classified according to Williams. With the upper arch shape, correlations with facial biotypes have already been established. (p<0.05). Results: The most frequent facial biotype was Mesoprosopo with 38% followed by Leptoprosopo 36% and Euryprosopo 26%. Regarding the arch shape, 46% of the patients studied presented a quadrangular arch shape, 40% Ovoid, and 14% Triangular. None of the variables studied was significantly correlated with the age of the patients. The values calculated for Chi-Square were not significant (p-values > 0.05). Conclusions: The results obtained do not allow for establishing a specific facial anthropometric pattern in individuals from the City of Corrientes. Likewise, there is facial morphometrics regarding the shape of the upper dental arch.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-151
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Palatal bone thickness for mini-implant insertion in different vertical
           growth patterns: a systematic review

    • Authors: Nguyen Puente de la Vega Mendigure, Denisse Rosario Bashualdo Candia, Valery Valer Jáuregui
      Pages: e152 - e152
      Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and provide information about palatal bone thickness in different vertical growth patterns for the placement of orthodontic anchorage devices. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the published data in Medline via PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Scopus from January 2000 to August 2022 using eligibility criteria. Data collection analysis and data extraction were performed independently by three reviewers. Sensitivity analyses were performed with the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the ROBINS-I tool was used for non-randomized studies. Results: A total of 343 articles were identified. The inclusion criteria included palatal bone thickness and vertical facial growth. However, both variables were found in 4 studies and only 2 had a control group. The different studies evaluated palatal bone thickness according to sex (male 14.1 mm; female 9.68 mm) and vertical malocclusion (normal 2.2 -12.6 mm; open bite 1.9 -13.2mm) with heterogeneous results. Likewise, the vertical growth pattern with a low angle (9.39 mm) was greater than the normal (8.55 mm) and high angle (7.53 mm). Conclusions: Palatal bone thickness varies according to different vertical growth patterns, with the greatest thickness being found near the incisive foramen in hypodivergent individuals.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-152
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Stomatological management of patients with liver disease: A review of the

    • Authors: Javiera Cancino, Sebastián Lazo, Diego Fonseca
      Pages: e153 - e153
      Abstract: Introduction: The liver is the organ responsible for the metabolism of nutrients, some drugs, and the production of coagulation factors. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 23 million people worldwide are diagnosed with liver disease each year. As a result, it is common for dentists to encounter these patients on a daily basis in their practice. The objective of this review is to establish the dental management of patients with liver disease. Material and methods: A manual literature search was conducted using the indexed articles in PUBMED and EBSCO databases using the keywords “oral surgery,” AND “liver disease,” AND “hepatic cirrhosis,” AND “dental management”. Results: Patients with liver disease present important characteristics for the dentist, which must be recognized in order to perform procedures with the lowest risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications. A patient with poorly controlled underlying liver disease is more prone to infections and bleeding, which implies a high risk of morbidity. Conclusions: Dental care for patients with liver disease should be assessed according to the reason for consultation, control of the disease, the complexity of the procedure to be performed, and both intraoperative and postoperative hemostatic measures. All necessary hemostatic measures should be considered and dose adjustments should be considered in the use of NSAIDs.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-153
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Comparison of the outcome of orthodontic dental movement using aligners
           versus fixed orthodontics: A review

    • Authors: Mónica Ivette Malpartida-Pacheco, Julissa Amparo Dulanto-Vargas
      Pages: e154 - e154
      Abstract: Introduction: The aligners have become a preferred alternative in terms of orthodontic treatment, surpassing the choice of conventional brackets, due to the comfort and aesthetics that the aligners represent, however, the final result with this system continues to be a controversial issue. The objective of this review was to verify the effectiveness of the treatment completed with aligners versus conventional brackets. Materials and methods: An exhaustive search was carried out in the PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Embase databases up to the date of January 5, 2023, including comparative studies that evaluated the final result and treatment time of the aligners compared to conventional braces. Two researchers carefully selected the articles evaluated and analyzed different key topics on the subject. Results: In this study, 8 articles were included, according to the studies, the vast majority did not find significant differences in completion between the compared groups. In addition to this, the treatment time in 3 articles was faster with aligners, in 3 articles it was faster with conventional brackets, and in one article no significant difference was found, so it is not yet established whether a system is faster than the other. Conclusions: Both aligners and conventional fixed orthodontics had good results at the end of orthodontic treatment and presented a similar treatment time, however, the majority of treated cases belonged to malocclusions of medium to low complexity, so these cannot be generalized. findings to all malocclusions.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-154
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Degree of reliability of the assessment of the Bolton analysis in
           three-dimensional virtual models versus plaster models. A review

    • Authors: Humberto Loma Salcedo, Nelly Erlinda Huasco-Huarcaya
      Pages: e155 - e155
      Abstract: Introduction: Bolton analysis is used to determine anomalies with respect to the dental mass, for diagnosis and treatment planning purposes, the possibility of using a digital method was introduced and tested to measure the size of the mesiodistal tooth. In this way, digital dental technology has made digital study models become popular in orthodontics. Objective: to evaluate the degree of reliability of the evaluation of the Bolton analysis in three-dimensional virtual models versus plaster models through a review of the literature. Materials and methods: A search was carried out in the primary databases of the international scientific literature on health sciences: Medline, through PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs, and Embase. Review articles published between the year 2000 and October 2021 were included. Results: The desktop scanner was the best option for digitizing dental models, but this does not detract from CBCT and intraoral laser scanners, which are still an option. Reasonable validity for digitizing 3D models with results within the "clinically acceptable" range was found. Conclusions: 3D digital models generated with intraoral and extraoral scanners are reliable and accurate compared to conventional impressions and save time, in most cases statistically significant differences were found, but of little clinical relevance.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-155
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Amelogenesis imperfecta. Case report

    • Authors: Nicole Alessandra Herrera-Rojas, Guido Alberto Perona-Miguel de Priego
      Pages: e156 - e156
      Abstract: The main origin of amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a genetic alteration inherited by a family member which affects the dental enamel of the teeth of a person with this condition in various ways. The present clinical case from the Teaching Dental Clinic of the Peruvian University Cayetano Heredia is of a 6-year 5-month-old male child who came to the dental office accompanied by his father and 8-year-old sister, diagnosed with the same AI condition. The comprehensive treatment proposed for this patient was determined by radiographic and clinical examinations and consultations with specialists in different areas. The purpose of this publication was to report a case and describe possible clinical approaches.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-156
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Recognition and endodontic management of maxillary first premolars with
           two roots and three canals. Bilaterality case report

    • Authors: Jairo Jhoel Molina Quispe
      Pages: e157 - e157
      Abstract: The ability to recognize the anatomical variations of the root canal system is crucial before starting endodontic treatment, no less important is being able to carry out these treatments based on current scientific evidence. The premolars are the dental pieces with the greatest complexity in their internal anatomy and the ones that appear in the highest percentage compared to other teeth, if a piece presents accessory anatomy, it is highly probable that the contralateral piece presents the same internal anatomy, to this it is known as symmetrical bilaterality, therefore the radiographic images must be executed with proximal and orthoradial projections in order to approximate the 3D shape that these anatomies present and minimize procedural errors. The use of magnification is essential to be able to address the entire root canal system and perform an adequate endodontic treatment. This case report presents the approach to 2 maxillary first premolars from the same patient with 3-canal anatomy, presenting bilateral symmetry.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-157
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Lingual frenectomy with ND:YAG laser. Case report

    • Authors: Adriana Pares Perfetti, Natacha Valentina Guada Melet, Jose Alberto Castillo Paez
      Pages: e158 - e158
      Abstract: Ankyloglossia is considered a congenital patology, whose treatment indicated is a frenectomy, this surgical technique consists in remove the tissue that joins the tongue with the floor mouth.This technique allows the patient a considerable improvement to limitations caused by this anomalysuch as difficulties in suction, pronunciation, chewing and difficulty in touching the lower lip with the tip of the tongue. Currently the use of laser technology and its benefits in modern dentistry, allows the realization of surgical procedures free of bleeding, with very little pain and inflammation of the tissues and with a recovery time much lower than necessary with conventional techniques. The present clinical case, show a 12-year-old patient with severe ankyloglossia, lingual frenectomy was indicated. A contact Nd: YAG laser was used, achieving a quirurgical intervention with little pain, free bleeding and without suture.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-158
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
  • Techniques for the treatment of keratocyst, review of the literature and
           case report

    • Authors: Jorge Andrés Ochoa Moreira, Santiago José Reinoso Quezada, Magdalena Molina-Barahona
      Pages: e159 - e159
      Abstract: The odontogenic keratocystic tumor (OKT) or also currently known as odontogenic keratocyst (OK) is a benign pathology derived from the remains of the dental lamina characteristic for possessing variable amounts of desquamated keratin. It usually rises as solitary or with the presence of satellite cysts, the appearance of these satellite cysts is frequently related to the possible recurrence of OK, according to the literature, this recurrence can vary between 0 - 50%. As for the treatment stage of (OKT), it can be mentioned that at present there is a well-defined histological and clinical criterion, which facilitates its recognition and therefore its treatment. According to the literature, there are several treatment procedures that can be classified into non-conservative or radical treatments and conservative treatments accompanied by adjuvant methods. Within the nonconservative or radical treatments, we find en bloc resection, which is the most aggressive way to treat a keratocyst; however, it is the most effective way to avoid recurrence. Within the conservative treatments, marsupialization, decompression, and enucleation with or without adjuvant therapy are described. It is paramount to know how to recognize the different types of treatment for (OKT) since this will be conditioned by multiple factors, such as the location of nearby bone structures and the size of the lesion considering the possible involvement of dental structures. The objective is to seek the lowest-risk treatment possible, which avoids recurrence and finally puts an end to this pathology.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.21142/2523-2754-1102-2023-159
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2023)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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