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Journal of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2575-0143
Published by Heighten Science Publication Corporation Homepage  [23 journals]
  • Faecal Transplant Therapy: A Promising Treatment Modality for
           Cardiovascular Diseases

    • Authors: K Pushkala; Purshottam D Gupta*
      Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are considered as “lifestyle” diseases and so far “No unified procedure” or medicines are effective in the management of this group of diseases. Researchers and clinicians have indicated that no safe therapeutic window is available in therapeutics at present. Recent research showed that gut microbiota are effective in managing lifestyle diseases therefore we introduced the influence of gut microbiota in the prognosis of the CVDs. Faecal transplant therapy(FMT) has been anticipated to treat many diseases similar to recurrent bacterial Clostridioides difficile infection which has been used worldwide. Recently, FMT was tried on an animal model to treat CVDs, and recent human trials that were tried to manage CVDs in humans by FMT showed encouraging results. The mechanism of action of transplanted bacteria to manage CVDs in the human population is also discussed. In-depth knowledge on the pros and cons of FMT will pave the way to standardize the procedure once the lacuna existing at present in treating CVDs, is paved, this technology will be useful for the masses.
      PubDate: 2023-08-28 11:43:18
       
  • Pneumopericardium: A Rare Complication of Antireflux Surgery

    • Authors: Diquas Elisabeth; Druez Anne, Dili Alexandra*
      Abstract: Pneumopericardium is a rare clinical entity, occurring in the setting of thoracic trauma, malignancies, or mechanical ventilation. Very few cases report pneumopericardium as a complication of gastrointestinal tract surgery. Signs and symptoms may be frustrating, ranging from asymptomatic to chest pain, sepsis, hemodynamic instability, pericarditis, or even cardiac tamponade. Clinical pathognomonic signs of pneumopericardium include pericardial metallic tinkling friction rub and mill wheel murmur. Diagnostic work-up includes electrocardiogram, chest radiography, and, computed tomography imaging. A gastro pericardial fistula should be considered a rare differential diagnosis for acute chest pain in patients with a history of gastroesophageal surgery. Rapid recognition and treatment avoid life-threatening complications. The successful outcome of gastro pericardial fistula treatment depends on both emergency and definitive surgical management. The survival rate with conservative management is poor.We present the case of a 78-year-old patient suffering from pneumopericardium and pericardial infusion, due to a fibrotic fistula between the Nissen’s valve, occurring 10 years after redo antireflux surgery. Treatment included broad-spectrum antibiotics, and emergency surgery for pericardial drainage, biopsy of the valve’s defect, suture, and omentoplasty.
      PubDate: 2023-08-23 11:36:38
       
  • Evaluation of Preoperative Cardiology Consultations: Incidence,
           Characteristics and Implications for Perioperative Management

    • Authors: Alioui Mohamed; Eljellouli Wiam, Houmed Houssein, Elghali Tanae, Choubhi Moncif, Abou Elalaa Khalil*
      Abstract: Background: This retrospective study examines the importance of preoperative cardiology consultations in optimizing patient care and anesthesia surgical perioperative management.Methods: The study includes 7,756 patients from the Department of Anesthesiology at Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital. Out of these, 122 patients were referred to cardiology consultations. Demographics, surgical specialties, reasons for referral, diagnostic tests, and interventions were analyzed.Results: Referred patients (average age 61.45 years) were mainly over 65 years old, with 59.01% being male. Common surgical specialties seeking consultations were abdominal surgery (30.327%), orthopedic surgery (26.230%), and urological surgery (19.672%). Hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes were prevalent risk factors. Most patients were classified as ASA II (50%) or ASA III (27.04%), with NYHA I (61.5%) or NYHA II (31.2%) classifications. Referrals were due to ECG abnormalities (41.0%), routine evaluation (19.7%), and history of myocardial infarction or previous coronary angiography (39.3%).Discussion: Preoperative cardiology consultations accounted for 1.57% of all pre-anesthesia clinic patients. They were vital in assessing and managing cardiovascular risks, consistent with previous studies. The impact of these consultations was evident in optimizing patient management through treatment plan adjustments and interventions.Conclusion: Preoperative cardiology consultations play a crucial role in identifying and managing cardiovascular risks, contributing significantly to patient care and improving perioperative management. Further research should evaluate long-term outcomes and cost-effectiveness across different patient populations.
      PubDate: 2023-08-14 10:23:25
       
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Two High-Risk Patients with Low
           Coronary Ostial Heights Using the Novel Balloon-Expandable Myval Valve

    • Authors: Raja Ramesh N*; Ramesh Daggubati, Ramesh Babu P
      Abstract: The treatment of severe aortic stenosis by transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is challenging in patients with high-risk coronary anatomy that is predisposed to iatrogenic or delayed coronary obstruction. Hence, the evidence on performing TAVI with adequate coronary protection with or without deploying a stent needs to be accumulated. We report two cases of TAVI performed in patients with low coronary heights, wherein a “wire only” strategy was used to provide coronary protection along with the implantation of a novel balloon-expandable Myval THV. The first patient underwent a valve-in-valve TAVI, while the second patient underwent the replacement of a native bicuspid Type 1A valve. This case series presents two high-risk TAVI cases wherein a guide extension catheter and a supportive coronary guidewire provided sufficient coronary protection. None of the cases required any rescue revascularization and no incidences of a new pacemaker implantation were reported.
      PubDate: 2023-08-01 16:46:09
       
  • Sudden Cardiac Death in a Neonate Due to Bilateral Absence of Coronary
           Artery Ostium

    • Authors: Nicole A Bailey; Khalifah A Aldawsari, Carlo M Zeidenweber, Danyal M Khan*
      Abstract: Introduction: Congenital heart disease is a leading cause of neonatal mortality linked to birth defects. Despite the widespread availability of prenatal screenings, detection rates remain low. Accurate early detection of these lesions is pivotal to reducing neonatal morbidity and mortality.Methods: In this case, we present a neonate who experienced sudden cardiac death due to a rare, undiagnosed congenital cardiac anomaly - the bilateral absence of coronary artery ostium. Discussion: This case highlights the importance of prenatal detection of congenital cardiac anomalies. While fetal echocardiography is frequently utilized, it only identifies CHD in 36-50% of cases. This is attributed to inadequate imaging procedures, varied operator skills, and regional discrepancies. Early detection of severe CHD is essential for specialized treatment, thereby mitigating neonatal health risks and improving survival rates.Conclusion: Prenatal detection of CHD, especially coronary anomalies, continues to pose significant challenges. There is a pressing need to establish and enforce standardized protocols for fetal echocardiography aimed at these anomalies. To enhance care and improve outcomes, a joint effort between academic institutions and community centers is encouraged.Learning Objectives: •    Congenital coronary artery anomalies are a significant cause of sudden cardiac death in children.•    The absence of a coronary artery ostium is known to be associated with other congenital heart diseases, particularly pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum. However, isolated coronary disease has also been reported in this case.•    Prenatal echocardiography is a valuable tool for diagnosing congenital heart disease. However, certain limitations may be encountered when diagnosing coronary artery anomalies.
      PubDate: 2023-07-24 14:09:05
       
  • Noninvasive Cuffless Blood Pressure Monitoring. How Mechanism-Driven and
           Data-Driven Models Can Help in Clinical Practice

    • Authors: Mohamed Zaid*; Mihail Popescu, Laurel Despins, James Keller, Marjorie Skubic, Giovanna Guidoboni
      Abstract: Continuous noninvasive cuffless blood pressure (BP) monitoring is essential for early detection and treatment of hypertension. In this paper, we provide an overview of the recent advancements in cuffless BP sensors. These include contact wearable sensors such as electrocardiography (ECG), photoplethysmography (PPG), contact non-wearable sensors such as ballistocardiography (BCG), and contactless sensors such as video plethysmography (VPG). These sensors employ different measuring mechanisms such as pulse arrival time (PAT), pulse transit time (PTT), and pulse wave analysis (PWA) to estimate BP. However, challenges exist in the effective use and interpretation of signal features to obtain clinically reliable BP measurements. The correlations between signal features and BP are obtained by mechanism-driven models which use physiological principles to identify mathematical correlations, and data-driven models which use machine learning algorithms to analyze observational data to identify multidimensional correlations. On the one hand, applying mechanism-driven models to non-linear scenarios and incomplete or noisy data is challenging On the other hand, data-driven models require a large amount of data in order to prevent physically inconsistent predictions, resulting in poor generalization. From this perspective, this paper proposes to combine the strengths of mechanism-driven and data-driven approaches to obtain a more comprehensive approach, the physiology-informed machine-learning approach, with the goal of enhancing the accuracy, interpretability, and scalability of continuous cuffless BP monitoring. This holds promise for personalized clinical applications and the advancement of hypertension management.
      PubDate: 2023-07-12 10:10:17
       
  • Early Outcomes of a Next-Generation Balloon-Expandable Transcatheter Heart
           Valve - The Myval System: A Single-Center Experience From Serbia

    • Authors: Darko Boljevic*; Milovan Bojic, Mihajlo Farkic, Dragan Sagic, Sasa Hinic, Dragan Topic, Milan Dobric, Jovana Lakcevic, Marko Nikolic, Stefan Veljkovic, Matija Furtula, Jelena Kljajevic, Aleksandra Nikolic
      Abstract: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is one of the most effective treatments for severe aortic valve stenosis (AVS). Different genres and generations of transcatheter heart valves (THVs) are accessible, offering operators an opportunity to choose a patient-tailored device. In this single-center study, we present the outcomes of Serbian patients treated with next-generation Myval THV for severe symptomatic AVS. Myval THV was implanted in all consecutive patients who underwent TAVI at the Dedinje Cardiovascular Institute of Belgrade, Serbia between October 2020 and September 2021. The primary endpoint was device success on day 30. Secondary endpoints included 30-day all-cause mortality, cardiovascular death, stroke, moderate/severe paravalvular leak (PVL), and new permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI). TAVI was performed as per the European Society of Cardiology guidelines. The study comprised thirteen patients, aged 72±13 years with mean EuroSCORE (7.17%) and Society of Thoracic Surgeons (2.72%,) scores who underwent TAVI successfully with 92.3% using the percutaneous approach. Myval THV intermediate and extra-large sizes were implanted in 46% and 15% of patients, respectively. This acute procedure success rate was 100%. The primary composite endpoint of early device success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients had clinically significant aortic regurgitation or moderate/severe PVL. No patient experienced stroke, contrast-induced acute kidney injury, device-related vascular complications, or a new PPI. The all-cause mortality rate at 30 days was 0%. Myval THV system demonstrated a favorable safety/efficacy profile within 30 days post-procedure at a single center in Serbia. This is the first report of my experience with Myval THV from Serbia.
      PubDate: 2023-06-26 11:48:20
       
  • The Role of Advanced Imaging in Paediatric Cardiology: Basic Principles
           and Indications

    • Authors: Maria Kavga*; Tristan Ramcharan, Kyriaki Papadopoulou-Legbelou
      Abstract: Tissue Doppler Imaging and Speckle Tracking Echocardiography are newer echo-cardiographic modalities, that assess myocardial and valvular function in congenital and acquired heart diseases in childhood. In addition, cross-sectional imaging including Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) and Cardiac Computed Tomography has been widely used over the last decade in paediatric cardiology, in order to evaluate intra-cardiac and extra-cardiac anatomy. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance particularly allows detailed analysis of myocardial function, and shunt quantification and has applications even in fetal life. This mini-review summarizes the basic principles of the above-advanced modalities and highlights their main indications and clinical applications in childhood.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24 16:28:33
       
  • Vitamin D Deficiency and its Correlation with the Severity of Heart
           Disease in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Patients

    • Authors: Kuldeep Kumar Gaur*; LH Ghotekar, Shubha Laxmi Margekar, Tarun Kumar, Ritu Singh
      Abstract: Background: Cardiomyopathy is primarily a disorder of the cardiac muscle that causes myocardial dysfunction and is not the result of disease or dysfunction of other cardiac structures, systemic arterial hypertension and valvular stenosis or regurgitation. Aim: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with the severity of heart disease in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP). Method: 70 ECHO-proven DCMP cases were enrolled from the medicine/ cardiology department of LHMC & associated hospitals and ABVIMS & Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi from November 2019 to October 2021. DCMP patients with ages more than 18 years who were willing to give consent and does not meet any of the exclusion criteria were enrolled in this study. Results: Mean age of idiopathic DCMP patients was 48.3 ± 15.2. There were more males 48 (69%) than females 22 (31%). The mean ejection fraction was 26.6 ± 7.3, while the mean fractional shortening was 17.6 ± 3.1. Vitamin D deficiency was observed in 90% of patients, among which 68.5% were having moderate vitamin D deficiency and 10% were having severe vitamin D deficiency. Conclusion: In our study, vitamin D levels were inversely correlated with the severity of heart disease in DCMP patients.
      PubDate: 2023-06-20 16:24:49
       
  • Myocardial fibrosis in aortic stenosis: comparison between clinical data,
           laboratory, echocardiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance

    • Authors: Giuseppe Tosto; Giulia Passaniti, Fortunata Alessandra Gibiino, Wanda Deste*, Antonino Indelicato, Tito Torrisi, Giuseppe Bottaro, Maria Teresa Cannizzaro, Corrado Tamburino
      Abstract: Introduction: Patients with aortic stenosis often develop hypertrophy and fibrosis, regardless of symptoms. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) represents the gold standard for the evaluation of fibrosis despite numerous limitations: cost, availability, atrial fibrillation, claustrophobia, kidney failure or inability to apnea.Purpose: The aim is to validate the role of echocardiographic parameters, such as Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS), as early markers of fibrosis. Clinical and laboratory data, particularly B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), were also analyzed.Material and methods: In our study we recruited 33 patients with severe aortic stenosis, correlating echocardiographic values of GLS with the qualitative analysis of Late Gadolinium Enhancement (LGE) and the quantitative analysis of T1 mapping of CMR.Results: 70% of patients with an alteration of GLS had LGE+. Univariate logistic regression shows that the factors associated with the presence of LGE on CMR are hypertension (p = 0.043), GLS (p = 0.032), and elevated BNP values (p = 0.021); for GLS, Odds Ratio (OR) is 5 so the chance of finding fibrosis on CMR increases 5 times in presence of an altered GLS. The multivariate analysis confirms the association with impaired GLS values (p = 0.033) and hypertension (p = 0.025), but not with elevated Pro-BNP values.Conclusion: In patients with severe aortic stenosis, the association between GLS, LGE, and T1 mapping can help identify earlier those patients with structural changes caused by the disease, who could benefit from early intervention. It remains to be established how the presence of these alterations has a role in determining the intervention time and the outcome of these patients.
      PubDate: 2023-05-16 14:25:55
       
  • Security and performance of remote patient monitoring for chronic heart
           failure with Satelia┬« Cardio: First results from real-world use

    • Authors: Patrick Jourdain*; F Picard, N Girerd, H Lemieux, F Barritault, MF Seronde, JP Labarre, N Pages, C Bedel, L Betito, S Nisse-Durgeat, B Diebold
      Abstract: Background: Since 2019, remote patient monitoring (RPM) for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) has been supported by the European Society of Cardiology. However, real-world data on the use of such solutions has been limited and not primarily based on patient-reported outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the Satelia® Cardio solution in France within the French ETAPES funding program and assess the security and performance of its clinical algorithm.Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted on CHF patients monitored by RPM through Satelia® Cardio. From September 1, 2018, to June 30, 2020, patients were included if they had completed over six months of follow-up. The risk of a possible CHF decompensation was categorized by the system in three levels: green, orange and red. The algorithm security and performance were assessed through the negative predictive value (NPV) of the prediction of hospitalization of a patient within seven days.Results: In total, 331 patients were included in this study with 36,682 patient self-administered questionnaires answered. Patients were mostly males (70.4%) and had a mean age of 68.1 years. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 35.4% (± 12.3) and 73.3% of patients had a LVEF ≤ 40%. The questionnaire response rate was 90.9%. A green status was generated for 95.3% of answers. There were 4.5% (n = 1,499) orange alerts and 0.2% (n = 74) red alerts. Overall, 92.1% of patients had at least one CHF related hospitalization and 31.7% (n = 105) of these cases were non-scheduled. The NPV at seven days was 99.43%.Conclusion: Satelia® Cardio is a feasible, relevant and reliable solution to safely monitor the cohorts of patients with CHF, reassuring cardiologists about patient stability.
      PubDate: 2023-05-15 14:14:55
       
  • A rare case of foreign body in coronary sinus. A novel endovascular method
           for retrieval

    • Authors: Bhanu Maturi; Ashwini Sharma, Ashok Runkana, Rhoshini Rajasekaran, Varshitha Kondapaneni, Tilachan Parajuli
      Abstract: Central venous catheter fracture and migration are rare complications in patients receiving long-term infusions or chemotherapy. We present a rare case of a chest port catheter fracture that migrated into the coronary sinus. This case is likely the fourth report of a port catheter fracture with migration to the coronary sinus. Because of the difficult-to-retrieve location, multiple attempts were unsuccessful with traditional techniques using a loop snare. Finally, the fractured portion was disengaged from the coronary sinus using a navigational electrophysiology catheter guided by intracardiac echocardiography; the dislodged end was snared and eventually removed by the femoral route. This case of a chest port catheter fracture is unique because of the unusual migration to the coronary sinus and the use of a navigational electrophysiology catheter as a novel retrieval technique.
      PubDate: 2023-03-30 16:06:53
       
  • A proposal of risk indicators for pathological development from
           hemodynamic simulation: application to aortic dissection

    • Authors: Wenyang Pan; Pascale Kulisa, Benyebka Bou-Saïd, Mahmoud El Hajem, Serge Simoëns, Monica Sigovan
      Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality in the industrialized world. Among these diseases, aortic dissection affects the aorta wall and is a surgical emergency with a low survival rate. This pathology occurs when an injury leads to a localized tear of the innermost layer of the aorta. It allows blood to flow between the layers of the aortic wall, forcing the layers apart and creating a false lumen. Endovascular treatment seeks to obliterate the entrances to the false lumen with a covered stent. There are very few studies on the postoperative demonstration of blood flow phenomena in the aortic dissection endovascular treatment. It is crucial to study the hemodynamics of blood in the aorta after an intervention because the new geometrical configuration of the aorta with a stent leads to modifications in blood flow. For the surgeons, the procedure can only be performed empirically, using MRI-4D images to view the postoperative flow of the patient’s blood in the aorta with the stent.This paper aims to present a numerical tool developed from the open-source software FOAM- Extend®, allowing for multiphysics numerical simulations. Using MRI data, a bio-faithful model of the patient-specific case was built. Numerical simulations were performed to predict preoperative and postoperative (endovascular treatment) hemodynamics. The modifications of the flow in the aorta were analyzed focusing on the postoperative perfusions. The results were compared with the corresponding MRI data and have a good qualitative agreement. Biomarkers are calculated to localize possible zones of post-operative pathological developments and recommendations may be suggested to the surgeons.
      PubDate: 2023-03-28 16:00:29
       
  • Soliton phenomena in the process of the functioning of the heart

    • Authors: Adam Adamski
      Abstract: The biochemical model explains the intricate mechanisms of psychobiological life. He still cannot explain what the transition from inanimate to living matter is all about. Where is the threshold and what is its essence, what role do biochemical processes play in the coherence of the soma with consciousness and its impact on the soma and vice versa' A similar problem is with other mental processes, their nature does not fit into the biochemical model of life and is inexplicable on the basis of biochemical interactions, again it is much easier to describe it in the light of quantum processes - including wave physics. It is similar to the functioning of the heart or other organs, where only the biochemical processes of the cell are considered, ignoring the bioelectronic processes. Man is not only a purely biological construct but also contains the basis of biochemical, bioelectronic, information, and cybernetic processes that are responsible for shaping the psychobiological processes of man. Contemporary biosystems in science are considered at the level of corpuscular structures, ignoring energy and information structures. By shifting the cognitive emphasis towards energy and information structures, the organism can be perceived as a quantum generator of information: electromagnetic, soliton, acoustic, spin and bioplasma. This bioelectronic construction creates homo electronics with his electronic personality.
      PubDate: 2023-03-14 11:19:15
       
  • Left ventricular assessment in patients with significant mitral
           incompetence: a multi-modality imaging study

    • Authors: Reham Mostafa Elgammal; Mona Adel Elsaiedy, Mahmoud Zki Alamrosy, Mohamed Elsaied Elsetiha, Magdy Mohamed Almasry
      Abstract: Background: Detection of the deleterious effect of MR on LV is crucial in guiding the surgical decision. Aim of the study: Comprehensive assessment of LV with significant primary MR using (2D, 3D echo and CMR). Methods: 40 patients with significant MR have been recruited in a prospective study. Patients underwent 2D and 3D echo and CMR studies. LV volumes, function and GLS were calculated. Results: End diastolic and systolic volumes were significantly larger when measured by CMR (all p < 0.001). EDV measures were strongly correlated with CMR and 3D echocardiography. Conclusion: It’s important to identify early deleterious LV changes.
      PubDate: 2023-03-09 17:13:41
       
  • Outcomes of intervention treatment for concurrent cardio-cerebral
           infarction: a case series and meta-analysis

    • Authors: Mohammed Habib; Somaya Elhout
      Abstract: Background: The concurrent occurrence of acute ischemic stroke and acute myocardial infarction is an extremely rare emergency condition that can be lethal. The causes, prognosis and optimal treatment in these cases are still unclear.Methods: We conducted the literature review and 2 additional cases at Al-Shifa Hospital, we analyzed clinical presentations, risk factors, type of myocardial infarction, site of stroke, modified ranking scale and treatment options. We compare the mortality rate among patients with combination intervention treatment (both percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary arteries and mechanical thrombectomy for cerebral vessels) and medical treatment at the hospital and 90 days after stroke. Results: In addition to our cases, we identified 94 cases of concurrent cardio-cerebral infarction from case reports and series with a mean age of 62.5 ± 12.6 years. Female 36 patients (38.3%), male 58 patients (61.7%). Only 21 (22.3%) were treated with combination intervention treatment.The mortality rate at hospital discharge was (33.3%) and the mortality rate at 90 days was (49.2%). In patients with the combination intervention treatment group: the hospital mortality rate was 13.3% and the 90-day mortality rate was: 23.5% compared with the mortality rate in medical treatment (23.5% at the hospital and 59.5% at 90 days (p value 0.038 and 0.012 respectively) Conclusion: Concurrent cardio-cerebral infarction prognosis is very poor, about a third of patients died before discharge and half of the patients died 90 days after stroke. Despite only one-quarter of patients being treated by combination intervention treatment, this treatment modality significantly reduces the mortality rate compared to medical treatment.
      PubDate: 2023-01-18 11:27:59
       
  • Isolated multiple pericardial hydatid cysts in an asymptomatic patient:
           Role of the CMR

    • Authors: Antonio Bisignani; Andrea Madeo, Silvana De Bonis, Riccardo Vico, Giovanni Bisignani
      Abstract: Hydatid cysts primarily affect the liver and secondary involvement may be seen in almost any anatomic location. We describe the unusual pericardial location of the Echinococcus cysts in an asymptomatic patient with suggestive cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
      PubDate: 2023-01-06 10:58:02
       
 
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