Publisher: Heighten Science Publication Corporation (Total: 23 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Biotechnology and Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Surgery and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heighpubs Otolaryngology and Rhinology     Open Access  
Insights in Biology and Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinical Anesthesia and Research     Open Access  
J. of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Intensive Care and Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Clinical Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical, Medical and Experimental Images     Open Access  
J. of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Novel Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
J. of Plant Science and Phytopathology     Open Access  
J. of Radiology and Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Sports Medicine and Therapy     Open Access  
J. of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access  
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Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2573-1726
Published by Heighten Science Publication Corporation Homepage  [23 journals]
  • Cleat-surface Interface and Lower Extremity Injuries

    • Authors: Ryann Davie*; Brittany Ammerman, Natalie Pahapill Karen Sutton
      Abstract: Non-contact injuries with playing surfaces occurring from applied player impact and frictional forces are a major source of lower extremity injuries in competitive sports. Artificial playing surfaces are a common alternative to natural grass surfaces; however, these surfaces are associated with player injury as well. The purpose of this manuscript is to explore the existing literature on the relationship between cleat surface interface and lower extremity injuries in athletes and the importance of proper playing surface conditions alongside proper cleat selection to optimize injury prevention and athletic performance. As artificial turf has become more advanced, studies have shown the rates of lower extremity injuries of the knee, ankle, and foot have decreased to be more similar to the rate of injury on natural grass. However, foot and ankle injury rates remain significantly higher on artificial turf. Furthermore, certain studies continue to demonstrate an increased rate of knee injuries in football players, suggesting that significant performance differences still exist between artificial turf and natural grass. Future studies warrant focusing on ways to improve the cleat-surface interface of new-generation turf, emphasizing proper cleat selection, and playing surface conditions for injury prevention thus optimizing athletic performance.
      PubDate: 2023-09-28 10:45:45
       
  • Impact of Traumatic Sports Injury on an Athlete‚Äôs Psychological
           Wellbeing, Adherence to Sport and Athletic Identity

    • Authors: Laurel Dacus; Christopher Castagno*, Ciara Castagno, Gil Gontre, William M Weiss
      Abstract: Introduction: Sports injuries can affect athletes across all ages, sexes, and levels of competition. The mental aspect of acute sports injury is often overlooked by coaches, trainers, and medical professionals. This study investigated if and how an acute traumatic sports injury affects an athlete’s psychological well-being, adherence to sport, and athletic identity. Methods: The study consisted of surveys sent to former or current athletes over 18 with one or more athletic injuries. The Qualtrics surveys were anonymous, and participants consented to the study within the survey. Results: There were 101 total participants (20.2% response rate) with an average age of 36. All reported one or more acute athletic injuries throughout their athletic careers. Specific survey sets were compared against each other using a variable correlation analysis (p - value < 0.05) and via Pearson’s Correlation.Conclusion: The results indicated that injury impacts the lives of athletes most significantly on the field and can harm their performance based on their perception of the severity of the injury. However, this decline in performance and decrease in confidence does not correlate to an athlete’s desire to leave their sport or how they identify as being an athlete. 
      PubDate: 2023-09-20 17:34:05
       
  • Evaluation of Heavy Metals Concentration in Poultry Feed and Poultry
           Products

    • Authors: Hira Iqbal*; Munib Ahmed Shafique, Muhammad Jadoon Khan
      Abstract: The study was conducted to determine the absorption of essential and non-essential trace minerals from poultry feed to poultry products. Poultry feed, liver, muscles, and egg samples were collected from six poultry farms in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Chromium, and Iron were analyzed in the samples using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrophotometer. Iron, Lead, and Chromium exceeded the permissible limits set by World Health Organization and National Research Council in Poultry feed. Lead was high in the liver, breast muscles, thigh muscles, egg albumen, and egg yolk. Chromium was found in feed, egg yolk, egg albumen, and two (02) of the liver and breast muscle samples. Mercury was not detected in any of the samples. The liver contains significantly higher concentrations of detected heavy metals as compared to thigh and breast muscles and egg yolk contained significantly high concentrations of Iron, Cadmium, and Lead as compared to egg albumen. Standards requirements for feed manufacturers and poultry farmers should be maintained to monitor and mitigate routes of entry of contaminants in the food chain.
      PubDate: 2023-07-11 09:59:25
       
  • Creatine Supplementation and Akt/mTOR Pathway: Unraveling the Connection
           for Optimal Muscle Performance

    • Authors: Mateus O Leite; Franz W Knifis, Marco Machado*
      Abstract: This review paper investigates the relationship between creatine supplementation and the Akt/mTOR pathway, focusing on their impact on muscle performance. The Akt/mTOR pathway is a crucial signaling pathway that regulates muscle protein synthesis and hypertrophy in response to growth factors, nutrients, and mechanical stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that creatine supplementation can influence anabolic signaling pathways, including the phosphorylation of p70S6K, a downstream target of mTOR, leading to enhanced activation of the Akt/mTOR pathway. Additionally, creatine supplementation has been shown to increase intramuscular creatine and phosphocreatine levels, improving ATP availability during exercise and enhancing high-intensity muscle contractions. Understanding the complex regulatory mechanisms of the Akt/mTOR pathway is vital for optimizing muscle performance, as dysregulated signaling can hinder muscle protein synthesis and hypertrophic responses. This review highlights the potential of creatine supplementation to modulate the Akt/mTOR pathway, offering insights into its mechanisms and implications for muscle performance enhancement. By unraveling this connection, researchers and practitioners can develop targeted strategies to maximize muscle performance and promote adaptive responses in various exercise and athletic contexts.
      PubDate: 2023-06-14 17:10:03
       
  • Collegiate athlete with unilateral swollen arm after exercise

    • Authors: Kristin Forkapa*; Sean Carnahan
      Abstract: A collegiate football player presented to the athletic training room with the complaint of intermittent left upper extremity swelling. Deep vein thromboses as well as abnormalities of the cervical spine were ruled out initially. He was referred to a vascular surgeon and diagnosed with McCleery Syndrome after evaluation of the thoracic outlet with dynamic ultrasound testing. He was treated surgically for decompression of his venous thoracic outlet syndrome and has since made a full recovery.
      PubDate: 2023-06-08 14:32:21
       
  • The lateralization pattern has an influence on the severity of ankle
           sprains

    • Authors: Andrzej Mioduszewski*; Mikołaj Wróbel, Emilia Hammar
      Abstract: Study design: Descriptive study.Background: Many risk factors contributing to ankle sprains have been studied in medical literature with coordination and balance being two of the major endogenous factors described. These are influenced by lateralization – a developmental and adaptive ability determined by the asymmetrical construction of the human brain, with cross-laterality referring to mixed limb dominance.Objectives: To determine whether cross lateralization is a risk factor for the severity of ligamentous injuries in ankle sprains since no data is yet available on such correlation. Methods: Two hundred forty-four patients with acute ankle sprains (136 men and 108 women) were prospectively evaluated between April 2006 and March 2009. The mean age was 30 (ranging from 18 to 76). Clinical and ultrasonographic examinations were performed on the study subjects. Laterality was then assessed by the Coren questionnaire and the AOFAS score was calculated. Patients with syndesmotic injuries and fractures were excluded from the study. Those qualified were divided into straight and crossed groups, according to their laterality type. Results: One hundred forty-four patients displayed straight lateralization, while cross-laterality was found in 100 subjects. Patients in the crossed group experienced more multi-ligamentous injuries than those in the straight group (p = 0.02). Following trauma, a higher AOFAS score was attributed to subjects that displayed a straight lateralization pattern, in comparison to subjects presenting with crossed laterality (p = 0.04).Conclusion: Crossed lateralization is associated with higher severity of ligament injuries in ankle sprains and may be considered a risk factor for calcaneofibular ligament injuries.
      PubDate: 2023-04-28 16:33:33
       
  • Anatomy and biomechanics of the rat knee ligaments

    • Authors: Zhe Song*; Xiang-Hua Deng, Scott Rodeo, Zoe M Album, Arielle Hall, Tina Chen, Brett Croen, Rodeo A Scott*
      Abstract: In this study, the authors systematically examined the anatomical and biomechanical properties of the ligaments in the normal rat knee. These biomechanical data will facilitate the use of the rat knee model for future studies of knee ligament injury, repair, and reconstruction. Fifty-six fresh cadaver male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 16 weeks, were used for this study, with 48 rats for biomechanical testing and 8 for micro-CT and histological evaluation. Our findings suggest that the gross anatomy of the rat knee joint and ligaments is very similar to humans despite some minor differences and features unique to the rat knee. The patella tendon and ACL are the two strongest soft tissue structures in the rat knee joint, with the highest failure force and stiffness, and both play a role in the anterior stability of the knee. In comparison, the failure force and stiffness of the LCL is half of the MCL, suggesting that other structures, such as the popliteal tendon, may play some role in lateral knee stabilization besides the LCL. In addition, our data suggest that anterior knee stability was improved after ACL reconstruction, but was not fully restored to intact ACL function. In conclusion, our study indicates the anatomical and biomechanical properties of the knee joint and ligaments of rat knees. Then we could confirm a reproducible and realistic rat model of knee ligaments like the clinical cases, and provide a basis for the study of knee ligament biology that simulates techniques used in humans.
      PubDate: 2023-04-27 16:30:35
       
  • Effects of exercise on wall shear stress in male and female patients with
           coronary heart disease

    • Authors: Xiuxiu Xu; Jiaquan Xu*
      Abstract: Coronary heart disease (CHD) seriously endangers human health, and there are obvious gender differences in incidence rate and prognosis, which are related to the evident differences in anatomical structure, physiological characteristics, and wall shear stress between males and females. In recent years, cardiac rehabilitation has been proven to be safe and effective in controlling the progression and improving the prognosis of CHD. Thereinto, exercise therapy is the central link of cardiac rehabilitation. Exercise can significantly affect vascular endothelial function by regulating wall shear stress. Based on previous research, this paper will briefly review the influence of exercise on wall shear stress in male and female patients with CHD, in order to provide a reference for formulating personalized cardiac rehabilitation programs and further improve the prognosis of CHD.
      PubDate: 2023-04-21 16:49:31
       
  • Effectiveness of physical rehabilitation on sphygmography and blood
           pressure

    • Authors: Grashchenkova АN; Puzin SN, Bogova ОТ
      Abstract: Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) have become the leading cause of death worldwide: for no other reason as many people die every year from CVD. This problem affects low and middle-income countries to varying degrees. More than 80% of deaths from CVD occur in these countries, almost equally among men and women, however, patients who survived after Myocardial Infarction (MI) are at high risk of death. According to the main facts of the WHO, 17.9 million people died from CVD in 2016, which accounted for 31% of all deaths in the world. In this connection, it is necessary to improve medical rehabilitation and physical rehabilitation, in particular for CVD, especially on an outpatient basis. Competent physical rehabilitation and cardiac rehabilitation in patients with myocardial infarction are associated with improved survival and effectiveness of quality of life, as well as prevention of recurrent MI. There is a legislative framework FZ-No. 323 of 21.11.2011 “On the basics of health protection of citizens in the Russian Federation” concerning medical rehabilitation and “Procedure for organizing medical rehabilitation” No. 1705n of 29.12.2012.This study shows physical rehabilitation methods of health path and Nordic walking. Terrenkur is a method of sanatorium-and-spa treatment, which provides for dosed physical activity in the form of walking tours (5 km - 6 km daily at 12.00 - 13.00). Nordic walking - walking with sticks, a type of physical activity that uses a certain training methodology and walking technique with the help of specially designed sticks (5 km - 6 km daily at 12.00 - 13.00).Multiple meta-analyses showed that Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (CVR) reduces mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Despite the recommendations and recommendations for the use of programs for patients with previous MI, patient participation in these programs remains low, which has led to the development of alternative models of medical rehabilitation.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09 12:20:23
       
 
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