Publisher: Altınbaş Üniversitesi   (Total: 2 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Aurum J. of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AURUM : Mühendislik Sistemleri ve Mimarlık Dergisi = Aurum J. of Engineering Systems and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Aurum Journal of Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2458-9896
Published by Altınbaş Üniversitesi Homepage  [2 journals]
  • No title

    • Authors: Dilek ŞİRVANLI ÖZEN
      Abstract: We are happy to present you the June 2023 issue of our AURUM Social Sciences Journal, whichmainly accepts articles in the fields of economics, fine arts, law, business administration, psychology,political science and public administration, sociology and international relations. We have includedfive valuable research articles in this issue.The first article of this issue is from the field of psychology. The study is titled “ The Effect of AbusiveSupervision on Employee Altruism: The Moderating Role of Psychological Contract Breach.” Thisstudy by Arzu Uğurlu Kara and Kemal Köksal examines the moderating role of the perception ofpsychological contract violation in the relationship between altruistic behavior in workplaces and theperception of abusive management. The authors find that there is a significant negative relationshipbetween the perception of abusive management and altruistic behavior, while the perception ofpsychological contract violation increases this relationship.The second study in this issue is from the field of finance titled “ Comparative Analysis of Hedge Fundsand Mutual Funds Risk-Adjusted Performances” by Hind Benmahi and Emin Avcı. As the title suggests,the aim of the study is to compare hedge fund strategies and mutual fund strategies based on theirrisk-adjusted performances. The results show that hedge fund strategies often outperform the MSCIWorld index and provide better risk-adjusted performance than mutual funds.Another study in our journal is titled “Contributions of ERP Applications to Digital TransformationProcess in Businesses.” The authors, Mustafa Keskinkılıç and Metin İpkin, examine the contributions ofEnterprise Resource Planning applications, called ERP, to digital transformation. The primary finding isthat enterprises have much to gain from ERP applications; while these deficiencies of the enterprisesthat cannot make gains are due to the lack of digital transformation and the software companies thatdevelop the ERP application.The fourth study in this issue is “Iranian Turks in Nation-Buıiding Process: First Pahlavi Era”. Thisstudy from the field of international relations was conducted by Mojtaba Heidari. The aim of the studyis to investigate the emergence of Turkish identity as a result of identity politics after the nation-statebuilding in Iran.The last study in this issue is from the field of law. The article by Melike Yaman is titled “Employers’Obligation to Employ Persons with Disabilities, Former Convicts and Terrorism Victims”. Based on thearticle of the law stating that “private sector workplaces employing fifty or more workers are obligedto employ three percent disabled workers, and public sector workplaces are obliged to employ fourpercent disabled workers and two percent ex-convicts or victims of terrorism”, this study discussesthe scope, implementation and consequences of this obligation.We hope you enjoy reading our journal, which includes studies from different fields of social sciences.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Iranian Turks in Nation-Building Process: First Pahlavi Era

    • Authors: Mojtaba HEİDARİ
      Abstract: The study explores the emergence of Turkic identity as a result of identity politics committed in the aftermath of the nation-state building in Iran after 1925. It is believed that the primordial nationalism on the base of the Aryan race impacted the country's diverse population and ethnic categories and the imposition of highly restrictive measures and social policies in cementing Iranian nationalism built upon the Persian culture and myth, paved the way for the politicization of identity. To obtain a thorough analysis, a set of theories are applied. Pierre Bourdieu's class formation and symbolic concept of power and language in a semi-patrimonial society and the social identity theory and partly the identity process theory and having an eclectic grasp of the literature on assimilation and violence have contributed to the theoretical base of the study. First-hand materials, journals, and archives are used in order to enrich the research content. The establishment of the modern state in the 20th century and the biased ethnic-lingual policies precipitated centrifugal forces among ethnic realities, so the alchemy of stereotyping and discrimination, and social comparison giving birth to group identification contributed to the politicization of ethnic identity among Azerbaijani Turks and their ethnic awareness.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Contributions of ERP Applications to Digital Transformation Process in

    • Authors: Mustafa KESKİNKILIÇ; Metin İPKİN
      Abstract: In this research, the contributions of ERP applications to the digital transformation process in businesses is examined. In this context, it is desired to determine whether the ERP applications used by the businesses provide benefits in the digital transformation processes, and if so, what these benefits are. Thus, it is aimed to guide businesses that want to be involved in the digital transformation process with ERP applications. In the study, firstly, digital transformation and enterprise resource planning are discussed. Then, the benefits of digital transformation consisting of nine items, which are assumed to be the benefits of ERP applications, were explained, and a semi-structured interview form was created using the qualitative research method with these items. Enterprises using ERP applications in Erzurum were selected as samples and data were obtained by interview method. The data were analyzed with the descriptive analysis method and it was concluded that businesses gained many benefits from ERP applications. Another result obtained from the study is; The reason is that businesses lack information about digital transformation and the benefits they cannot obtain from ERP applications are due to the software company that developed the ERP application used.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Arzu UĞURLU KARA; Kemal KÖKSAL
      Abstract: Altruistic behaviors are shown to benefit others without any self-interest as prosocial behavior. Altruistic behaviors have contributions to social life as well as organizational life. Determining which factors affect altruism in organizational environments is essential for organizational effectiveness. Another issue in ensuring this effectiveness is the abusive supervision perceptions within the organization. Employees may face rude and undesirable words and behaviors from the manager in the workplace. These behaviors increase the employees' stress and cause negative work attitudes and behaviors. While abusive management causes an increase in the perception of injustice, deviant work behavior, job dissatisfaction, and work-family conflict, it causes a decrease in perceptions of job performance, commitment, and support. A psychological contract or breach of psychological contract may change management and employee relations balance. This research examined the relationship between abusive supervision perception and altruistic behavior and the moderator role of psychological contract violation perception in this relationship. Data were collected from 294 people working in the manufacturing sector by convenience sampling method. Correlation and regression analysis were performed for hypothesis testing. According to the results, it is seen that abusive supervision affects altruism negatively and significantly. The abusive supervision perception explains 24% of the negative change in employee altruism. The perception of psychological contract violation increases the negative relationship between abusive supervision and altruism. As a result, the findings show that the perception of abusive supervision reduces altruistic behaviors. The employees' high perception of psychological contract violation increases the negative effect of abusive supervision on altruism.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Employers' Obligation to Employ Persons with Disabilities, Former Convicts
           and Terrorism Victims

    • Authors: Melike YAMAN
      Abstract: The principle of freedom of contract, which is based on Article 48 of the Constitution in our law; It is a general principle that has been taken under protection in accordance with the provisions of the Turkish Code of Obligations No. 6098 and is also applied in the field of Labor Law. Another requirement of the said principle is the freedom to choose the contracting party. However, some limitations have been brought to the principle of freedom of contract in labor law as a result of social considerations and the idea of protecting the worker. One of these limitations is the obligation of employers with certain qualifications to employ disabled people, ex-convicts and victims of terrorism. Employers are obliged to employ three percent disabled workers in private sector workplaces where they employ fifty or more workers, and four percent disabled and two percent ex-convict workers or victims of terrorism in public workplaces. The relevant obligation is basically stipulated in Article 30 of the Labor Law No. 4857 and Law No. 854. In addition, there are provisions that need to be examined in the Regulation on National Recruitment Services, the Regulation on the Procedures and Principles to be Applied to Public Institutions and Organizations for the Recruitment of Ex-Convicts or Injured Persons who are not Disabled in the Fight against Terrorism as Workers, and the Regulation on Disability Assessment for Adults. Therefore, it can be said that the regulations that should be handled within the scope of the employers' obligation to employ the disabled, ex-convicts and victims of terrorism are scattered in the legislation. The aim of this study is to reveal the scope, implementation and consequences of the relevant obligation. In line with this purpose, within the scope of the study, the opinions in the doctrine and the decisions of the Supreme Court were examined and the mentioned primary and secondary sources of law were examined. Additionally, concepts of the disabled, ex-convicts, victims of terrorism, private sector, public sector; the conditions to be fulfilled by the workers to be employed within the scope of this obligation, the number of workers to be employed; the rules applied in the determination of the workers and the determination of the workers, the basic principles regarding the implementation of this obligation; the control of the obligation, the violation and the consequences related to this violation have been clarified.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Comparative Analysis of Hedge Funds and Mutual Funds Risk-Adjusted

    • Authors: Hind BENMAHİ; Emin AVCI
      Abstract: Collective investment schemes have been utilizing distinct investment strategies to exploit opportunities offered by the financial markets. Among the alternative collective investment schemes the hedge funds and mutual funds have been attracting great interest. The objective of this study is to compare risk adjusted performance of hedge fund strategies with mutual funds strategies. The hedge fund indexes and mutual funds indexes, which are calculated by different database providers are utilized for this purpose. In this study, the indexes from three database providers (Eurekahedge, Credit Suisse, CISDM) are analyzed for the 2008-2021 period using distinct performance measurement metrics as Alpha based on the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), the Sharpe ratio and Sortino ratio; moreover, the MSCI World index has been taken as a benchmark. The findings demonstrated that the majority of hedge fund indices performed better than the benchmark MSCI World and provide better risk-adjusted performance than mutual funds.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +030
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Heriot-Watt University
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