Publisher: Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional Yogyakarta   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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BHUMI : Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan     Open Access  
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BHUMI : Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2442-6954 - ISSN (Online) 2580-2151
Published by Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional Yogyakarta Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Is Complete Land Property Rights Increase Productivity of Rice
           Farming'

    • Authors: Jefri Adriansyah, Yohanna M. Lidya Gultom
      Pages: 124 - 145
      Abstract: Abstract: This study examines how changes in the status of agricultural land property rights affects the productivity of rice farming, taking the case in Indonesia. By employing the two-period difference-in-differences (DiD) approach, we examine the productivity of 686 rice farming households that were covered in the IFLS longitudinal data panel survey in 2007 and 2014. IFLS itself is a survey with a sample that is considered to represent about 83 percent of the Indonesian population which was held in 13 provinces of the 34 existing provinces. The advantage of this research is the use of longitudinal data with observations on the same household and is a panel related to rice farming households. We find that changes in land property rights status from incomplete to complete property rights, has no effect on the productivity of rice farming, suggesting that to improve rice productivity, the government can not relying solely on land registration program. In Indonesia, land registration program solely implemented on land that is dispute free, therefore, there is no significant impact on creating maximization behaviour in input of production that can increase productivity. Keywords: asset legality, difference-in-differences analysis, land status, maximization behavior transferability
      PubDate: 2023-01-04
      DOI: 10.31292/bhumi.v8i2.536
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Analysis of Changes in the Carrying Capacity of Food Agriculture in Kulon
           Progo Regency, Yogyakarta

    • Authors: Irwansyah Sukri, Rika Harini, Sudrajat Sudrajat
      Pages: 143 - 158
      Abstract: Abstract: The increase in the population impacts the increasing demand for food and non-food. Hence, to fulfill non-food needs, agricultural food land is converted into non-agricultural. It affected the carrying capacity of food agriculture. This paper aimed to analyze changes in the carrying capacity of food agriculture and the factors that influence the carrying capacity of food agriculture in the Kulon Progo Regency. This study used a descriptive-quantitative approach with spatial-temporal analysis techniques on secondary data, including population, rice field area, and rice field productivity for 2011, 2015, and 2019. The results showed that in 2011 Kulon Progo Regency could not be self-sufficient in food. However, in 2015, the research area had a great carrying capacity for food agriculture and continues to increase. This increase was influenced by the addition of rice fields and increased productivity. On the other hand, the reduction of rice fields decreased the productivity of rice fields, and the increase in the population led to a decrease in the carrying capacity of food agriculture in the Nanggulan, Kalibawang, and Samigaluh Districts. The rice field area and the productivity of rice fields affect food availability, while the population affects food needs. This paper showed that land-use changes in agri-food land (rice field area and productivity of rice fields) and the number of populations resulted in changes in the carrying capacity of food agriculture. Keywords: Carrying capacity, land use change, food self-sufficiency, rice field, population growth
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.31292/bhumi.v8i2.473
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • The Urgency of Agrarian Reform Policy: A Study of the Impact of Land
           Access on Farmer Household Welfare

    • Authors: Heru Poppy Samosir, Jossy P Moeis
      Pages: 159 - 184
      Abstract: Abstract: Inequality of land ownership is caused by unequal access to land. This study examined the impact of land access on total farmer's household expenditure. The Agrarian reform policy assumed open and expand access to land for groups of landless or near landless farmer households. Through state-led and market-led approaches, this research provided a categorization of access to land in two ways, which are access opening and access expansion variables with each sample coverage. Using the two periods difference-in-difference (DID) method, this study analyzed the impact of opening and expanding access to the total expenditure of farmer households using IFLS 2007 and 2014 data. The results showed that there is a significant difference in the total expenditures of farmer households due to the opening and expansion of access referring to the land distribution scheme (state-led approach), and there is no significant difference through the market-led approach. Therefore, agrarian reform policies need to be carried out by emphasizing the role of the state in implementing land redistribution to landless and small farmers. Keywords: Agrarian reform, state-led approach, market-led approach, impact of land access, total farmer household expenditure
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.31292/bhumi.v8i2.544
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Rice Farmers’ Agrarian Dynamics, a Historical Perspective

    • Authors: Ahmad Choibar Tridakusumah, Adi Nugraha, Iwan Setiawan, Ganjar Kurnia
      Pages: 185 - 201
      Abstract: Abstract: As the staple food of Indonesians, rice has become an economic and political commodity in the country. This study aims to analyze the agrarian dynamics of rice farmers from a historical perspective, focusing on studying how the agrarian change affected the rice production mode in the present situation. The historiography approach used to produce critical analysis was complemented by tracing literature studies, especially in West Java, one of the main rice producers in Indonesia. The results showed that the structure of land tenure and ownership in rice farming had undergone a fundamental change. The dynamics that appear in rice can be seen at the level of agricultural technology intervention and local and national policies, which have experienced changes due to pressure from the agricultural production input sub-system. This pressure led to a change in peasant institutions that shifted from informal to formal, which was not in line with the structure of land tenure and ownership, which was still dominated by petty commodity producers. Keywords: Agrarian dynamics, farmers, historical, paddy
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.31292/bhumi.v8i2.531
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Acknowledgment of Adat Law-Based Tenure in the Courtroom: Study of
           Decisions on Criminal Acts of Land Clearing by Burning, Logging Trees
           Without Permits, and Collecting Plantation Products Without Permits

    • Authors: Almonika Cindy Fatika Sari
      Pages: 202 - 215
      Abstract: Abstract: The recognition of the existence of adat communities and their rights can not only be found in the constitution but also various regional laws and regulations. However, this recognition is counterproductive because it further distances adat communities from their rights, especially tenure rights based on adat law. The diverse and minimal understanding of adat law by executives and law enforcement officials compound this condition. Sometimes, adat communities must face the law because they are suspected of committing criminal acts violating it. Therefore, this research aimed to examine the recognition of adat communities’ tenure rights in the courtroom. This research is normative legal research using a case approach—four court decisions as the primary data. The results of this study indicated that in deciding cases, there are times when judges recognize how adat communities control and utilize natural resources according to their adat law. However, there are times when judges override the narrative of adat law that adat communities claim. This research also showed that adat law narratives can play a role in freeing adat communities from punishment. Keywords: Adat law, adat communities, criminal crime, tenure rights
      PubDate: 2023-01-13
      DOI: 10.31292/bhumi.v8i2.513
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Spatial Mapping Based on the Settlement Carrying Capacity Value in
           Gunungpati District, Semarang City

    • Authors: Pratamaningtyas Anggraini, Nur Hafida Hidayati, Intan Muning Harjanti
      Pages: 216 - 244
      Abstract: Abstract: The City Regional Spatial Plan (RTRW) for Semarang City stipulates that Gunungpati District has a role in developing residential cultivation areas with the determination of several protected area types as well as functioning as a strategic environmental carrying capacity area for the city. Based on Semarang City BPBD, 29 landslides occurred between 2016-2021, which damaged houses, facilities, and residential infrastructure. This study aims to produce spatial mapping for residential area designations through the calculation of its carrying capacity so as to obtain the carrying capacity value or classification of the ability of each village area to accommodate the number of residents. This can then be used as one of the basic considerations in determining the development of residential areas in Gunungpati District. This study uses the quantitative method to determine the residential land's carrying capacity through spatial mapping data processing based on geographic information systems (GIS) using scoring, weighting, and overlay techniques. The spatial mapping produces a landslide vulnerability map with vulnerability classifications covering very low (1.468,17 Ha) to very vulnerable (466.53 Ha) classes as well as cultivation function, buffer, and protected areas distribution in Gunungpati District. The final results show that each region can accommodate the population increase of each village in Gunungpati District, with Jatirejo Village scoring the highest in DDPm value (26.9) and Sukorejo Village scoring the lowest (5.7). Keywords: Landslides, carrying capacity, settlement
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.31292/bhumi.v8i2.511
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
 
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