Publisher: SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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SPAFA Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0858-1975 - ISSN (Online) 2586-8721
Published by SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Bali Folklore in Children's Painting

    • Authors: I Wayan Karja
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this article is to increase children's knowledge and awareness of the value of Bali folklore. The practical goal is to train painting skills and open up space for aesthetic exploration. A qualitative research method to examine more detailed and in-depth Bali folklore. The research step begins with determining the sample, location, research subject, data collection (observation, interview, literature study), data verification, editing, and writing the article. Through the painting, the story can be studied and interpreted in depth, especially in choosing antagonists and protagonists, lessons can be learned that Bali folklore is full of ethical, logical, and aesthetic teachings.
      Issue No: Vol. 7

    • Authors: Guntur, Robby Hidajat
      Abstract: The structure of Malang mask puppet in Malang, East Java, is reviewed in this research. Previous researches focus on genesis history, scene order, and symbolical value of Malang mask puppet. The results of those researches only provide discounted knowledges with less significant deductions. Several models of Malang mask puppet are compared with each other in order to understand the authentic structure of Malang mask puppet. This research is focused on exploring Malang mask puppet structure. Qualitative approach is used by the authors to catch more understandings with the support of anthropological structuralism theory conceptualized by Levi-Strauss. The data are procured through interview with key informants and the informants are M. Soleh Adi Pramono (67 years old), a puppeteer of mask puppet, and Suroso (47 years old), a leader of mask puppet society, a dancer and also a procession director. Data analysis uses structuralism to uncover the meaning of Malang mask puppet structure. Surface structure is understood by examining artifacts of Javanese house and mask puppet show. Deep structure is understood by scrutinizing the concepts of (1) setangkup, (2) sawiji, (3) sajodo, (4) pasaduluran, and (5) manunggal. The household life of humans is called omah-omah
      Issue No: Vol. 7
  • The Exploring Ethnic Identity through Traditional Music: A Comparative
           Study of the Folk Music Cultures of Pa Ko and Ta Oi Peoples in Thua
           Thien-Hue Province, Vietnam

    • Authors: Lam Nguyen Dinh
      Abstract: The cultural identity of different ethnic groups is evident through various factors, particularly in traditional music. Therefore, studying folk music is crucial in identifying cultural and ethnic differences. This research focuses on the field investigation of the folk music of the Pa Ko and Ta Oi ethnic communities in Thua Thien-Hue province. The study confirms that the Pa Ko ethnic group has a unique folk music background, which is expressed through folk song genres, instrument systems, performance forms, and usage concepts. By comparing the musical characteristics of the Pa Ko people with those of the Ta Oi people in the same area, this report concludes that the former has its distinct musical culture. The research primarily uses qualitative research as methodology, particularly in-depth and participatory interviews with skilled, elderly artisans with good memory. The study results provide evidence that the Pa Ko and Ta Oi are not one ethnic group but two different groups. It is essential to emphasize that this report focuses on musical culture and not musicology. Its findings underscore the significance of folk music in understanding cultural and ethnic identities.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • Reflection of the COVID-19 Pandemic’s effect on World Heritage
           Destinations, Sangiran

    • Authors: Pipit Meilinda
      Abstract: At the end of 2022, President Joko Widodo announced the end of national mobility restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The end of this period marks a long period of restrictions on tourism activities in various tourist destinations in Indonesia. One of the world heritage destinations, Sangiran site, has experienced various negative impacts from COVID-19 outbreak measurements. Several negative consequences affecting the Sangiran site and its museums included a drastic drop in the average total number of visitors (89%), economic loss for the local residents, a significant decline in the total museum revenue, delays in various conservation activities in the site area which threaten the integrity of the site, and several safety adjustments that limiting museum services. However, positive impacts due to the COVID-19 health measures also occurred, for example, a decreasing amount of waste and air pollution and a promising public interest rising in using the virtual tour and attending online discussions. This paper seeks to reflect on the policies that have been implemented in efforts to deal with COVID-19 in one of the world heritage sites in Indonesia.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • Cultural Interaction at Bantaeng Colonial Buildings, in Historical
           Archaeology Paradigm

    • Authors: Hasrianti, Akin Duli, Khadijah Tahir Muda, Rosmawati, Hasanuddin, Nur Muhammad , Mansyur Syahruddin
      Abstract: Bantaeng city center in South Sulawesi is a former Dutch East Indies government area, where you can still find colonial buildings. These buildings were built around the end of 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, and implied an interaction between local and non local cultural elements, giving rise to its own uniqueness in its architectural forms. Therefore, this paper will specifically discusses the issue of cultural interaction in Bantaeng colonial buildings, including the causal factors and their impacts. As a study based on the paradigm of historical archeology, this study combines the use of archaeological data and historical records. The analysis consists of morphological and typological analysis by focusing on the defined variables. Analysis of 26 colonial buildings in Bantaeng revealed that there was interaction of European, Chinese, Makassarese, Javanese, Malay and Arabic cultures. The form of cultural interaction can be seen in the face of the building, roof, layout, space-forming elements, openings, household fittings, including materials and elements building decor. Cultural interactions are caused by historical, rulers, and adaptations factors, which have an impact on acculturation and changes in architectural pattern. Pusat kota Bantaeng di Sulawesi Selatan merupakan daerah bekas pemerintahan Hindia Belanda, dimana masih dapat ditemukan bangunan-bangunan kolonial. Bangunan-bangunan tersebut didirikan pada sekitar akhir abad ke-19 hingga awal abad ke-20, dan menyiratkan adanya interaksi antara unsur budaya lokal dan non lokal, sehingga menimbulkan keunikan tersendiri pada bentuk arsitekturnya. Oleh karena itu, tulisan ini secara khusus akan membahas persoalan interaksi budaya pada bangunan-bangunan kolonial di Bantaeng, termasuk juga faktor-faktor penyebab dan dampaknya. Sebagai kajian berdasar paradigma arkeologi sejarah, kajian ini menggabungkan penggunaan data arkeologi dan data sejarah. Analisis terdiri dari analisis bentuk dan tipologi dengan berfokus pada variabel yang telah ditentukan. Hasil analisis terhadap 26 bangunan kolonial di Bantaeng diketahui bahwa terdapat interaksi budaya Eropa, Cina, Makassar, Jawa, Melayu, dan Arab. Wujud interaksi budaya tersebut dapat dilihat pada wajah bangunan, atap, tata ruang, elemen pembentuk ruang, bukaan, kelengkapan rumah tangga, termasuk juga material dan elemen dekor bangunan. Interaksi antar budaya disebabkan oleh faktor sejarah, penguasa, dan adaptasi, yang berdampak pada terjadinya akulturasi dan perubahan corak arsitektur. Keywords: Cultural interaction, colonial buildings, Bantaeng, historical archeology Interaksi budaya, bangunan kolonial, Bantaeng, arkeologi sejarah
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • A Classification and Description of Ceramics from Tanjung Simpang Mengayau
           Shipwreck, Kudat, Sabah

    • Authors: Masyella Masbaka, Stephen Chia, Baszley Bee Basrah Bee
      Abstract: The Tanjung Simpang Mengayau shipwreck ceramics from Kudat, Sabah had been identified as Chinese ceramics dated to the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127 CE). Analysis of the shipwreck ceramic samples classified 11 main ceramic types based on form i.e., shape, function, glaze colour and decoration into bowl, jar, plate, ewer, kendi, bottle, covered box, basin, teapot, vase and lid. A majority of ceramics are bowls with olive green glaze, followed by jars with various shades of brown glaze and ewers with white glaze. These ceramics are mostly decorated with bamboo-comb incisions such as vertical lines on the outer body for bowls and plates, whereas the jars and jarlets are predominantly decorated with floral or pattern incisions. The inner body of most of the bowls, plates and basins have either floral and pattern incisions or no decoration at all, while teapots and ewers are usually undecorated. These ceramics form part of the cargo of a ship travelling from China via the Philippines to Borneo. It is believed to be the oldest cargo ship so far found in Malaysian waters that provide important evidence of early maritime trade from China to Borneo as well as cultural affinities between Tanjung Simpang Mengayau and the Indonesian archipelagos.   Seramik dari kapal karam di Tanjung Simpang Mengayau, Kudat, Sabah telah dikenal pasti sebagai seramik Cina bertarikh Dinasti Song Utara (960-1127 M). Analisis sampel seramik karam telah dikelaskan kepada 11 jenis seramik utama berdasarkan bentuk iaitu bentuk, fungsi, warna glais dan hiasan dalaman mangkuk, tempayan, pinggan, ewer, kendi, botol, kotak bertutup, besen, teko, pasu dan penutup. Sebahagian besar seramik adalah mangkuk dengan warna glais hijau zaitun, diikuti dengan tempayan dengan pelbagai warna glais perang dan ewer dengan glais putih. Seramik ini kebanyakannya dihias dengan ukiran sisir buluh seperti garisan menegak pada badan luar mangkuk dan pinggan, manakala tempayan dan jarlet kebanyakannya dihiasi dengan ukiran bunga atau corak. Badan bahagian dalam kebanyakkan mangkuk, pinggan dan besen pula mempunyai sama ada ukiran bunga dan corak atau tiada hiasan langsung, manakala teko dan ewer biasanya tidak berhias. Seramik ini merupakan sebahagian daripada kargo kapal yang belayar dari China ke Borneo melalui Filipina. Ia dipercayai kapal kargo tertua ditemui di perairan Malaysia setakat ini yang memberi bukti penting berkenaan perdagangan maritim awal dari China ke Borneo serta kaitan budaya antara Tanjung Simpang Mengayau dan kepulauan Indonesia.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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