Publisher: AELINCO (Spanish Association for Corpus Linguistics)   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Research in Corpus Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Research in Corpus Linguistics
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2243-4712
Published by AELINCO (Spanish Association for Corpus Linguistics) Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Current trends in Corpus Linguistics and textual variation

    • Authors: Jesús Romero-Barranco, Paula Rodríguez-Abruñeiras
      Abstract: Corpus Linguistics has proved of great value as a methodological tool in shedding light on how discourse is constructed in different text types. This opening contribution to the special issue “Corpus-linguistic perspectives on textual variation” provides an account of some of the most common applications of Corpus Linguistics, describes some of the most widely used corpora, and pins down some of the most influential corpus-based research works. In so doing, we contextualise the contributions to this collection of articles. The main aim of this special issue is to showcase cutting-edge research on textual variation based on linguistic corpora, thus illustrating how Corpus Linguistics draws from but also feeds a multiplicity of linguistic branches, such as (Critical) Discourse Analysis, Register Studies, Historical Linguistics, and Dialectology.
      PubDate: 2021-11-23
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A new approach to (key) keywords analysis: Using frequency, and now also
           dispersion

    • Authors: Stefan Th. Gries
      Pages: 1 - 33
      Abstract: A widely-used method in corpus-linguistic approaches to discourse analysis, register/text type/genre analysis, and educational/curriculum questions is that of keywords analysis, a simple statistical method aiming to identify words that are key to, i.e. characteristic for, certain discourses, text types, or topic domains. The vast majority of keywords analyses relied on the same statistical measure that most collocation studies are using, the log-likelihood ratio, which is performed on frequencies of occurrence in two corpora under consideration. In a recent paper, Egbert and Biber (2019) advocated a different approach, one that involves computing log-likelihood ratios for word types based on the range of their distribution rather than their frequencies in the target and reference corpora under consideration. In this paper, I argue that their approach is a most welcome addition to keywords analysis but can still be profitably extended by utilizing both frequency and dispersion for keyness computations. I am presenting a new two-dimensional approach to keyness and exemplifying it on the basis of the Clinton-Trump Corpus and the British National Corpus.  
      PubDate: 2021-01-22
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.02
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • How Trump tweets: A comparative analysis of tweets by US politicians

    • Authors: Ulrike Schneider
      Pages: 34 - 63
      Abstract: This paper analyses tweets sent from Donald Trump’s Twitter account @realDonaldTrump and contextualises them by contrasting them with several genres (i.e. political and ‘average’ Twitter, blogs, expressive writing, novels, The New York Times and natural speech). Taking common claims about Donald Trump’s language as a starting point, the study focusses on commonalities and differences between his tweets and those by other US politicians. Using the sentiment analysis tool Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) and a principal component analysis, I examine a newly compiled 1.5-million-word corpus of tweets sent from US politicians’ accounts between 2009 and 2018 with a special focus on the question whether Trump’s Twitter voice has linguistic features commonly associated with informality, I-talk, negativity and boasting. The results reveal that all political tweets are grammatically comparatively formal and centre around the topics of achievement, money and power. Trump’s tweets stand out, however, because they are both more negative and more positive than the language in other politicians’ tweets, i.e. his Twitter voice relies far more strongly on adjectives and emotional language.
      PubDate: 2021-01-22
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.03
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Linguistic democratization in HKE across registers: The effects of
           prescriptivism

    • Authors: Lucía Loureiro Porto
      Pages: 64 - 89
      Abstract: The second half or the twentieth century witnessed the emergence and expansion of linguistic changes associated to a number of processes related to changes in socio-cultural norms, such as colloquialization, informalization and democratization. This paper focuses on the latter, a phenomenon that has been claimed to be responsible for several ongoing changes in inner-circle varieties of English, but is rather unexplored in outer-circle varieties. The paper explores Hong Kong English and studies two linguistic sets of markers that include items that represent the (old) undemocratic alternative and the (new) democratic option, namely modal must vs. semi-modals have (got) to, need (to) and want to, and epicene pronouns including undemocratic generic he, on the one hand, and democratic singular they and conjoined he or she, on the other. Using the Hong Kong component of the International Corpus of English, and adopting a register approach, the paper reaches conclusions regarding the role played by prescriptivism in the diffusion of democratic items.
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.04
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • News values as evaluation. Main naming practices in Violence Against Women
           news stories in contemporary Spanish newspapers: El País vs. El Mundo
           (2005-2010)

    • Authors: José Santaemilia
      Pages: 90 - 113
      Abstract: Violence Against Women (VAW) is a very sensitive, and highly ideological, topic in the Spanish society, as well as in Western societies generally. In Spain, media accounts of VAW are very closely related to two quality newspapers, El País and El Mundo, providing a variety of naming practices for VAW, with differing ideological and evaluative implications. In this paper, I compare and contrast these two dailies in their use of the three main naming practices —violencia de género ‘gender-based violence’, violencia doméstica ‘domestic violence’ and violencia machista ‘male violence’— used in VAW news. To do so I resort to the news values approach proposed by Bednarek and Caple (2012, 2014, 2017), which involves paying attention to the combined insights from both Corpus Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis (cf. Baker et al. 2008, Partington et al. 2013).
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.05
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A corpus-based study of abbreviations in early English medical writing

    • Authors: Javier Calle-Martín
      Pages: 114 - 130
      Abstract: The Early Middle English period witnessed the massive borrowing and adoption of the Latin system of abbreviations in England. Mediaeval writers appropriated those symbols that were directly transferable from Latin exemplars, especially suspensions and brevigraphs, while contractions and superior letters were incorporated somewhat later. The existing accounts of abbreviations in handwritten documents are fragmentary as they offer the picture of the literary compositions of the period, which have been traditionally taken as the source of evidence for handbooks on palaeography. In addition to this, most of these accounts are limited to the description of their use and typology in independent witnesses, being in many cases impossible to extrapolate the results beyond the practice of individual scribes. The present paper takes that step beyond individuality and pursues the study of abbreviations from a variationist perspective with the following objectives: a) to analyse the use and distribution of abbreviations in Late Middle English and Early Modern English (1350–1700), and b) to evaluate the relevance of these abbreviations across different text types of medical writing. The data used as source of evidence come from The Málaga Corpus of Early English Scientific Prose, both the Late Middle English and the Early Modern English components (1350–1500 and 1500–1700, respectively).
      PubDate: 2021-09-16
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.06
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A corpus-based study of some aspects of the Notts subdialect

    • Authors: Jake Flatt, Laura Esteban-Segura
      Pages: 131 - 151
      Abstract: Rural dialects are slowly disappearing and giving way to larger, more generalised ways of speaking (Trudgill 2004; Kortmann 2008; Beal 2010; Braber 2015). This paper is concerned with the study of the specific subdialect of Nottinghamshire, known as ‘Notts’ or ‘Nottinghamese’, and aims at describing its linguistic features. For the purpose, a personalised corpus of approximately 26,000 words has been compiled. The corpus consists of oral texts, which have been transcribed, from a TV show set in the area. The analysis is focused on three facets of the dialectal variation surrounding the county of Nottinghamshire, namely relating to the linguistic levels of phonology, morphosyntax and lexis. Several conclusions have been reached, including the /æ/ phoneme as an indicator of a northern dialect, the usage of the velar nasal plus cluster, as well as the pronunciation of continuous forms and past tense irregularities. In terms of lexical analysis, a justification for the evolution of language use in the area is provided.
      PubDate: 2021-09-24
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.07
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • From the uncertainty of violence to life after abuse: Discursive
           transitions among female survivors of Intimate Partner Violence in online
           contexts

    • Authors: Alfonso Sánchez-Moya
      Pages: 152 - 178
      Abstract: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is undoubtedly one of the most worrying concerns in today’s global societies. Due to the many intertwined factors that explain the persistence of this reality among people from all sorts of backgrounds, finding a uniform strategy to cope with this social issue is far from unproblematic. In this study, I contribute to a growing field of research that examines the discourse of female survivors of IPV in online contexts. The main objective is to identify relevant linguistic patterns used by women to represent themselves and their perpetrators in a publicly-available online forum. More specifically, I seek to ascertain the discursive traits that characterise women in an initial stage in contrast to a final stage within an abusive relationship. To this end, I adopt a Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies approach in a digital corpus of around 136,000 words, which are analysed with the software tool Sketch Engine. Findings show the most salient discursive traits that characterise IPV online discourse. Additionally, and drawing on verb patterns ascertained in the corpus and their semantic categorisation, I also connect linguistic textual evidence to the power imbalances that sustain this social phenomenon. 
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.08
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Review of Gómez-Jiménez, Eva María and Michael Toolan eds. 2020. The
           Discursive Construction of Economic Inequality: CADS Approaches to the
           British Media. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN: 978-1-350-11128-8.
           https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350111318

    • Authors: Miriam Criado-Peña
      Pages: 179 - 184
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.09
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Review of Núñez-Pertejo, Paloma, María José López-Couso, Belén
           Méndez-Naya and Javier Pérez-Guerra eds. 2019. Crossing Linguistic
           Boundaries: Systemic, Synchronic and Diachronic Variation in English.
           London: Bloomsbury. ISBN: 978-1-350-05385-4.

    • Authors: Graeme Trousdale
      Pages: 185 - 190
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Review of Hickey, Raymond and Carolina P. Amador-Moreno eds. 2020. Irish
           Identities: Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN:
           978-1-501-51610-8. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781501507687

    • Authors: Fiona Farr
      Pages: 191 - 200
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.11
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Review of Blanco, Marta, Hella Olbertz and Victoria Vázquez Rozas eds.
           2019. Corpus y Construcciones: Perspectivas Hispánicas. (Verba: Anexo
           79). Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. ISBN:
           978-8-417-59587-6.

    • Authors: Miriam Thegel
      Pages: 201 - 210
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.12
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Review of Fuster-Márquez, Miguel, José Santaemilia, Carmen
           Gregori-Signes and Paula Rodríguez-Abruñeiras eds. Exploring Discourse
           and Ideology through Corpora. Bern: Peter Lang. ISBN: 978-3-034-34236-0.
           DOI: https://doi.org/10.3726/b17868

    • Authors: Carmen Maíz-Arévalo
      Pages: 211 - 218
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.32714/ricl.09.02.13
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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