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Kalich Research Journal
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  • A Critical Study of Salees Sindhi Text Book in the Cultural Ccontext

    • Authors: Wafa Mansoor Buriro, Ghulam Ali Buriro
      Abstract: This paper examines the role of Easy Sindhi subject taught to nonnative learners of the Sindhi language at schools in Sindh province. One of the motives behind teaching native languages has been to enable non-native speakers to create connections with the local population and their culture. This study was conducted in order to assess the extent of the success of this motive. The qualitative research methodology was adapted to carry out the study, and the method utilised in the study was thematic analysis. For that, a structured open-ended questionnaire was developed and piloted. After piloting, the questionnaire was administered to a number of non-native speakers residing in Karachi. The responses were collected till a saturation point was reached. Then the responses were categorized thematically for thematic analysis. In light of the emergent themes, it was revealed that hardly any of them had formed an affiliation with Sindhi culture; almost no one knew how to speak or write Sindhi; their knowledge of Sindhi culture was limited to some tangible artifacts; the majority did not feel themselves to be apart from the Sindhi community; etcetera. A number of participants believed that poor teaching quality and limited use of the Sindhi language in classrooms were among the reasons they could not learn Sindhi properly and, as a result, could not assimilate into Sindhi culture. In light of the results of this study, it is recommended that the teaching of Sindhi to non-native learners should be thoroughly revised so that it can cater to their communicative and cultural needs in a sustainable way.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Hakeem Fateh Muhammad Shehwani as a First Muslim Biographer of Holy
           Prophet Peace Be Upon Him in Sindhi Prose

    • Authors: Dr. Muhammad Mudasir Nawaz Mughal, Muhammad Waqar Nawaz Mughal
      Abstract: Hakeem Fateh Muhammad Sehwani (1883–1942 A.D.) was one of the most popular and prestigious writers and leading educators in Sindh. He had written sixteen books on different topics in Sindhi prose. He had the honour to became the first muslim prose writer of biography of Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم peace be upon him. His three books, namely Fateh-e-Muhammadi, Hayat-un-Nabi, and Ikhlaq-un-Nabi, are considered masterpieces of the Holy Prophet’s life in Sindhi language. He tried to write not only in the Sindhi language but also in Urdu and the Persian language. In his early life, he adopted the pen name "Saghir", but after some time, he adopted his title as "Hakeem" because of his family profession. His first book was published under the name Fateh-e- Muhammadi in the year 1911 A.D. In this book, he denied the objections and allegations of a Christian anonymous writer against the Holy Prophet and Islam. Fateh-e-Muhammadi is considered the master piece among all his works. His second book, Hayat-un-Nabi, describes important events in the Holy Prophet’s life from primary sources, and the third book, namely Ikhlaq-un-Nabi, was about the teaching of the Holy Prophet on ethics. In this article, the introduction of Hakeem Fateh Muhammad Sehwani’s work on the life of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • LAKHEN JO DARO (Past and Present of Lakhen Jo Daro)

    • Authors: Manik Mustafa Shar, Saeeda Shah
      Abstract: The Lakhen jo Daro site is very much significant in location on the River Indus on the hilly area in between the Sukkur and Rohri, the site is considered as earlier indigenous settlement from the Neolithic to Mature Indus period with the evidences having large town residential area with multi stories building with sophisticated technology of Pottery making , metallurgy , stone working particularly with bead manufacturing areas with well-established economy mainly supported by neighboring and abroad trade activities remained viable source of legacy of Indus along with this site.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Misogyny Against Women in the Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Macbeth

    • Authors: Dr. Farida Yasmin Panhwar, Shabana Mohammad Anwar
      Abstract: This article intends to explore the misogyny against women in Shakespeare’s two famous tragedies ‘Hamlet’ and ‘Macbeth’. Misogyny theory is related to expression of hatred of caste, creed colour, race or gender in oral or sign language. The English literature illustrates many writers who consciously or unconsciously applied the misogynistic. William Shakespeare, one of the greatest literary figures of English literature, is not an exception. His greatest tragedies portray the characters who speak misogynistic dialogues against female characters. The textual data analysis of Hamlet and Macbeth reveals ample instances which provide evidences vindicating Shakespeare’s brawny innate tendency as misogynist against women. As a gender biased dramatist Shakespeare feels pleasure to disgrace the central female figures like Ophelia and Queen Gertrude in ‘Hamlet’ and Lady Macbeth in ‘Macbeth’. It can be interpreted that whether the strongest characters like Lady Macbeth or the weakest one like Ophelia and Gertrude, Shakespeare never attributed them individuality or independence; rather he tagged his female figures to revolve around their males.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Investigation of Archaeological Sites Eastern Thar Desert from Cholistan
           to the Thar of Sindh, Pakistan

    • Authors: Dr. Muhammad Hanif Lagahri, Ghulam Hassan Burdi
      Abstract: Thar Desert is located at east of Pakistan from Cholistan (Punjab) to the province of Sindh. It spread at the distance of 500 Kilometers north – South and 200 Kilometers in east – west. Northern Thar of Cholistan (Bahawalpur, Rahimyar Khan, Bahawalnagar Districts) in 1997 reported 450 discoveries put in the map of region. Upper Thar of district Ghotki and Sukkur districts are explored along the Raini River (dried) ancient Hakra course. Archaeologists have ignored remaining Lower Thar of Sindh including Tharparkar Umerkot and Sanghar Districts. This paper attempts to provide extensive details of exploration and documentation of archaeological sites from different seasons from 2004-2009 the researcher explored the remote and sensitive area of lower Thar Desert, recorded 120 fresh archaeological discoveries of different pre-proto and historical period sites.The methodologies for the recording of archaeological sites were based on three important aspects as data acquisition, analyzing or processing and interpretation. When, the site was experienced its aspects and geological not set in stone. The site- level overview gave data on the presence or nonappearance of any unmistakeable elements and action regions like assembling garbage dissipated type relics, nature of the site, absolute region involved assortment of intriguing things and locational setting. The outcome of this research is: previously the area was not explored scientifically. Now documented in detail and exact location of each site is kept on the regional Map.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The Study of Herman Hesse’s Siddhartha in the Light of
           Deconstruction

    • Authors: Dr. Mubarak Lashari, Dr. Shahnaz Shoro
      Abstract: Structuralism and post-structuralism subscribe two contrasted vision of language. Structuralists present a stable relationship between signifier and signified of language’s “sign” while post-structuralists reject this conception. Deconstruction is a Post structural method of study which challenges the status of language. It affirms that language is an unfixed and unstable medium to understand reality. This study is an application of deconstruction method on‘Siddhartha’ (1922) written by Herman Hesse. Siddhartha, the title character is in search of nirvana for his salvation. He accepts one belief and rejects another and speaks conflicting utterances. This study explores binary oppositions and contradictory statements of the text to see that how far Siddhartha (the protagonist) succeeds in achieving reality of life. Relying on textual analysis it is observed that the novel is entangled into binary polarities viz. Siddhartha’s self-indulgence and self-reliance practice, and his materialism and spiritualism. These polarities create tension in narrative.Moreover the text has abundance of contradictory statements which create disunity at verbal and textual level.Through all these incompatible elements the text presents a notion that ultimate meaning of life cannot be understood by language.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Linguistic research for Hadith terms in the
           “Al-Muqadmat-ul-Mishkat” and criticism on it

    • Authors: Muhammad Kashif Barkati, Dr. Hafiz Abdul Ghani Shaikh
      Abstract: Islam is a universal religion which is the only Acceptable to Allah. Islam covers all aspects of life. Islam reached the Indian sub-continent in its beginning.There are two main sources of Islamic Law: Quran and Hadith. Quran is the book which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) through Gabriel (A.S). It is a book that is recited. Hadith is the message of Allah which is in the words of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). Indeed the knowledge of Hadith and Saint is a great and very important knowledge. Scholars have tried their best to record and safeguard this knowledge. It is very important because it is a source of the knowledge of Islam and it discusses the sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). This knowledge helps Muslims follow their Prophet (P.B.U.H) and make him their role model. Every Muslim must have knowledge of Hadith as it is their duty to know the sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). Scholars have struggled to protect Hadith from attacks and distortions. They have appointed and suggested some rules and principles by which one can know the difference between correct and fabricated Hadith. They have discussed these points in their books. Shah Abdul Haq Dehlavi was a great scholar who worked for hadith and has written many books. He was a great scholar of his time who had devoted his life to serve Islamic knowledge. One of his books is “MUQADMAT-UL-MISHKAT” which contains knowledge about principles and rules of Hadith. Although it is a brief book, it is very comprehensive. It is an important book for learners of Hadith. This book contains basic knowledge of Hadith.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • A Brief Review of the Thought of Class-differences in Sindhi Poetry

    • Authors: Khawand Dino Larik, Muhammad Anas Rajpar
      Abstract: Sindhi literature begins with poetry, which travels from ancient thought of romance or narrative, description to modernity. Obviously, poetry plays a pivotal role in the growth and development of society. In comparison to the average person, a poet feels pain and has a better understanding of things. Poetry expresses love, affection, courtship, social, political, and inner feelings at length. So, the class differences have had a great influence on Sindhi poetry. The term "class" herein means a section of society which is linked to any one of the professions. Basically, there are two classes in human society. One is the upper class, and the other is the lower class. The upper class includes the king, the investor or industrialist, the landlord, the businessman, and the head of a tribe. The lower class includes the poor, laborers, tenants, farmers, and people under pressure. He was Shah Inayat Shaheed of Jhok, who challenged this class distinction for equality with the slogan "one who ploughs the land." According to the master, this system of class distinctions indicates the upper class's monopoly over all resources, while the lower class people are devoid of them. In this research article, a brief review of the thought of class differences in Sindhi poetry has been presented with examples that seem the product of them.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Evolution of preface writing in Sindhi Literature

    • Authors: Riaz Hussain Kalhoro, Dur Muhammad Alias Sabghat ullah Kalhoro
      Abstract: Nowadays, proligamina is read and understood as Sindhi literature. Before that, we knew a little about it. However, proligamina now has a literal meaning. Many learned men have tried to demonstrate in different aspects. A few scholars have made this subject a very complicated one. On the other hand,it is elaborated in detail. Some different concepts about proligamina are discussed by different writers, which will be beneficial to understand its concepts. The word "proligamina" has been derived from an Arabic word that means "one who leads". Proligamina is actually an introduction in which the author is described. It is written in descriptive or prose form, depending on whether the book gives a poetic diction. Basically, proligamina is a critical piece of writing, but it cannot be restricted in its descriptive aspects. because most of the proligamina in writing are in the form of research. Proligamina is a basic and foremost prose form in which the author's self-assessment and the subject of the book are critically expressed. The subject and concept are clearly defined in the book. Composition and its detailed knowledge are its important parts.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • A brief review of the literary research of Dr. Hamid Ali khanai

    • Authors: Dr. Zulifqar Ali Jalbani
      Abstract: Dr. Hamid Ali Khanai possessed the high and prominent rank as a researcher and critic rather then fiction writer in the history of Sindhi literature. He started writing as a fiction manuscript. After the counselling of Dr. U. M. Daudpota, who knew his real instinct for writing, he soon left writing fiction and turned his best forward to research and criticism. At the age of 27, in 1961, he wrote his first treatise, 'Mansura', and continued the work of research and criticism till 2010. Khanai’s major contribution to Sindhi literature is memorable in the field of Sindhi literature. There is a series of words on the verge of parting time. It covers 49 years of knowledge gained from working in this respective field. The larger part of his work consists of 243 essays, treatises, and 17 books. His shared work for Sindhi literature covers lots of benefits for the lovers of Sindhi literature. His beneficial work always remains the source of inspiration for the army of readers.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Research and critical review of Shah's sur leela chanesar

    • Authors: Dur Muhammad Alias Sabghat ullah Kalhoro, Riaz Hussain Kalhoro
      Abstract: There are thirty chapters of Latif's poetry. Among them are some chapters whose titles are the names of the female protagonists that are mentioned in the poetry, such as Sasui, Marui, Suhuni, Sorath, Moomal, Noori and Leela. وf these seven female protagonists, Leela is the character that achieves her aims easily and she has all the finese and skill to get everything done with freedom to move anywhere. But she misuses her freedom so much that to achieve something she can risk her honour and respect. Shah Latif has suggested the character in her poetry to make amends for the mistakes that Leela has committed. The main characters of this chapter are Leela, Chanesar, and Kaunro. Shah Latif suggests she burn the necklace due to which she is displeased with her husband. In this chapter, the character of Chanesar is portrayed as God-fearing, loving and sober.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • A Research Analysis of Educational and Literary Services of Professor
           Abdullah Magsi

    • Authors: Dr. Rafique Baloach
      Abstract: On December 17, 1947, Professor Abdullah Magsi was born in the home of Dhani Bux in the small village of Gul Muhammad Magsi, Taluka, and District of Dadu Sindh. Having completed his primary and secondary education, he went to Sachal Arts and Commerce College in Hyderabad to complete his intermediate education. He did his graduation and a masters in the subject of political science from the University of Sindh and was appointed as a lecturer in political science in 1978. Professor Abdullah Magsi had been associated with many literary and historical societies, including Sindh Historical and Cultural Society, Mian Naseer Muhammad, and Mian Yar Muhammad Kalhoro Literary, Cultural and Historical Memorial Committee, and Sindhi Literary Society (Sindhi Adabi Sangat), etc. Ideologically, he was a progressive, communist, and secular-minded person and his thoughts were revolutionary, based on progressivism and socialism. He was a political analyst and also an expert on socialism. Professor Abdullah Magsi was an erudite person who contributed his valuable services regarding awareness for education and re-awakening. This humanist and patriotic person defied the research that was carried out on the basis of faith or belief. Furthermore, he tried to construct the history of Sindh on the basis of reason and logic. From a scientific perspective, he looked at history, society, literature, and art. His published books are : (1) The Role of Sindhi Literary Figures in Universal Peace. (3) A contemporary examination of Sindh's history (Sindh je taareekh jo jaded mutaalo). In his books, he not only discussed the scientific inventions, fanatic fervor, Fascism, Imperialism, and horrible wars but also wrote from Soomra's reign to the present age about Sindh’s political, social, and retaliation movements in a scientific way. He did research on historical places like Moen Jo Daro, RanniKot, Sapar Mari, and Khuda Abad. Furthermore, he wrote research articles on historical personalities, e.g., Qalandar Lal Shahbaz, Makhdoom BilawalSamo, etc. This great scholar and historian of Sindh died on April 1, 1993.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • An Analytical Study of Translated Dramas in Sindhi by Mirza Kalich Beg

    • Authors: Dr. Farida Dahri
      Abstract: For the sake of spreading and development for sindhi literature, the translation had given a great role, by reading these translation we got new thoughts and opportunities. Mirza Kalich Beg laid the translation on its highest rank, his dramas are often translated from English to sindhi and some are translated from urdu to sindhi. The dramas being translated by Mirza Kalich Beg has espacial thing that he had not copy pasted the translation but translated the english society dramas according to sindhi society, he put the stories of those dramas as same as the original one. He changed the names of the characters and scenes of dramas in sindhi. By translating those best dramas he made an increment in the treasure of sindhi literature. The dramas being translated by Mirza Kalich Beg are often of shakespear.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of Dr. Atta Muhammad Hami’s Research on Talpurs of Khairpur
           Miras

    • Authors: Dr. Makhmoor Bukhari
      Abstract: Atta Muhammad Hami is a well known poet, translator and researcher of Sindhi Literature. He has written works on various topics. From the political situation of Talpur ruler of Upper Sindh to his social life, his habits, customs, educational, scholarly, literary services and geography of Khairpur, archeology has been presented comprehensive and important research. This article examines the research presented by the Talpur rulers of Khairpur on their role in literature, culture and politics. K. Talpur has presented the political, social, literary and personal life of the rulers, from which this research has also emerged as an authentic research in terms of cultural and literature.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The Brief study of the Poetry of Syed Misri Shah

    • Authors: Dr. Naheed Parveen
      Abstract: Syed Misri Shah (1840 – 1905) is known as King of Sindhi Kaafi. He was a saint and a great sufi poet. He was born in Nasarpur. He travelled almost throughout the Sindh and observed the collective wisdom of the people. He remained spinster till his whole life. Misri Shah was very kind by his nature. He has composed beautiful poetry. His poetry seems the shadow of his life. Syed Misri Shah was the last classical poet. His poetry is the document of Art and aesthetics. In his poetry, along with Sindhi language; he has used the Arabian, Persian, Siraiki and Hindi Metaphors. In this research paper I have tried to excavate the art and Philosophy of the Poetry of Syed Misri Shah. Through the research I have come to know that in his poetry he has depicted the nature, human and mysticism.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Translation and its Technical Requirements

    • Authors: Mushtaque Ahmed Gabol, Mufti Muhammad Sahibdad
      Abstract: < p align="justify">Translation is an art whereby you create a literary masterpiece in its own language. If seen from this perspective, translation in itself is a creative process which is recreated by the translator in his own language. If the translation does not fall on the parameters of being creative or is not like a creative process, it will remain devoid of the beauty and excitement which a creative masterpiece is required to have. Translation apparently seems to be an art of bringing a written script into its own language from another language but in reality it is beyond or more than that. Its real object is to find new vistas of knowledge and act as a communication bridge between various nations and their languages. Moreover, translation also helps us study and understand different cultures and civilisations.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Suicide of Munir Ahmed Manik: Psychological Analysis

    • Authors: Abdul Ghafoor Chandio
      Abstract: Suicide is an act by which a person ends his life after killing himself by different ways.in ancient times it was a common issue of society but in modern era it has been converted into burning issue of every country. Latest research studies states that the ratio of suicides isincreased worldwide. Developing and backward countries of the world are facing this issue which causes the death of 700,000 people per year. According the research of WHO Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death in 15-19-year-olds and 77% of global suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries. Why do people indulge to take this step' The main reasons of taking savior step isdepression, unemployment, failure to love, fear and insecurity ,injustice, domestic affairs, debt matters ,not finding a place in society and so on. It has been seriously observed that most of writers are also inducted to take this step. Several writers chose this step to take the rid of issues by killing themselves. A few examples are quoted from international literature, suchas: Ernest Hemingway, virginawoolf, edgarallanpoe, mayakovsky and many renowned authors became the killer of their own life. Munir Ahmed Manik one of prominent writer of sindhi language also committed suicide. He was the trend setter and representative of modernism in Sindhi Short Story and novel. Why did he lit off the lamp of his own life' What would be reasons behind his suicide' in this paper Writer is putting his best to investigate the reason that why Munir Ahmed Manik compelled to take action of committing suicide.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Comparative Study of the Poetry of William Words Worth and Tanveer Abbasi

    • Authors: Dad Muhammad Katohar, Dr. Rahim Bux Mahar "Khadim"
      Abstract: William words worth (1770-1850) was born on 7th April, cocumouth, Cumberland, England. He got his early education in Hawks hed Grammar School. During this time, he wrote his first poem. After that, he went to Cambridge and he got his graduation Degree in 1791. In 1798, his book called ‘lyrical ballads was published. He wrote manifold poems regarding the beauty of nature. He observed nature closely and he captured natural beauty. He has depicted nature in words with aesthetic senses. So, it is observed that there is his intimacy with nature. He calls poetry ‘spontaneous’ over flow of powerful feelings’ which reflects automatically due to closeness with nature. Therefore, his poetry casts impact upon readers as well as listeners. He wants to persuade and please people in this world. In the same way, poetry of Tanveer Abbasi is filled with persuasive art and natural beauty. He shows his closeness to the beauty of nature. So, it is observed that both words worth and Tanveer Abbasi have intimacy with nature in great abundance.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Critical Analysis of work done by Muhabbat Buriro in the field of
           Scientific and Art of Idiomic Structure in Sindhi Language

    • Authors: Din Muhammad Kalhoro, Dr. Muhammad Anwar Figaar Hakro
      Abstract: Muhabbat Buriro was a trustworthy name in Sindhi language. He has worked in very tough and boring topic type of ‘linguistic’. In this research paper, the scientific and artistic idiomatic works of Muhabbat Buriro are critically analyzed. The meanings, definitions and illustrations of artistic and scientific idiomatic work are analyzed in this paper. In fact, the idiomatic structurization is the hardest art in any language. It is made easy in their own language by those experts, who are not only expert in science but in their own language as well the name of Muhabbat Buriro can be listed in the experts of Sindhi language, who are able to translate the scientific and artistic idiomatic structure in their own language. These types of works of Muhabbat Buriro are explained in this paper.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • A Critical Review of Dr. Tanvir Junejo’s Research

    • Authors: Dr. Rehana Nazir, Dr. Hussain Musarat Shah
      Abstract: Dr. Tanvir Junejo is a prominent Sindhi fiction and non-fiction writer. As an expert sociologist, Dr. Junejo has conducted an extensive study of women writers and scholars in Sindh and made it accessible to others. Dr. Junejo has also written on the evolution and literary changes that have engulfed sindhi literature over the centuries and on the various problems that have plagued women over the years.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • An-analytical Study of Short Stories of Shaikh Ayaz

    • Authors: Dr. Hakim Ali Buriro
      Abstract: Sheikh Ayaz was a prominent name in modern Sindhi Literature. Sheikh Ayaz is famous for his poetry but he is also a great short story writer. The themes of Sheikh Ayaz’s stories are based on earthly realities. He raises his voice against cruelty and exploitation of the upper class of the society. The short stories of Sheikh Ayaz presents modernity and progressivism He started to write short stories in his early age and if he focuses on stories, he became a great fiction writer of the world. In this research article, an attempt has been made to explore the themes and techniques of Sheikh Ayaz’s short stories.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • A Study of Metaphors in Sachal Sarmast’s Sindhi Poetry

    • Authors: Nadim Baloach, Nazar Hussain Chandio
      Abstract: Hazrat Sachal Sarmast was an undaunted mystic poet of his era. He was born in 1827.His thought is imbibed the effect of Mansoor bin Halaj and Fared- din Attar and thanks to it .He is entitled as “Mansore- sani” and Attar of sindh”. Sachal Sarmast belonged to talpur’s era. During this time, Sindh was clouded in the fog imperialism and insularity and was almost on verge of anarchy. Such a critical and sensitive political and religious circumstance were in he close observation of hence, Resultantly, he demonstrated, those conditions through his poetry, sometimes publically and times through, metaphor, symbolism for public awareness. 
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Aestheticism in Mir Abdul Hussain Khan Sangi’s Poetry

    • Authors: Kashif Zain Keerio, Dr. Amir Ali Shah
      Abstract: The study explores the importance of aestheticism, its multiple layers in Sangi’s poetry; and its relation with philosophical concepts. Aestheticism is a branch of Philosophy that deals with art as a doctrine and has direct relation with beauty and aesthetics.This study applies qualitative research methodology and thematic and content analyses as a research tools. The data concludes that the poetry of Mir Abdul Hussain Khan Sangi is based on aesthetics and romantic perspectives of world around us. He has composed his magical verses forthe layman so that he may feel pleasure and perceive the aesthetics around him.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
 
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