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The Women : Annual Research Journal of Gender Studies
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1997-2032
Published by U of Sindh Homepage  [8 journals]
  • UNVEILING EMOTIONS OF WOMEN: A GLIMPSE INTO SHAH LATIF’S POETRY

    • Authors: Muskan Zehra, Faiz Muhammad Brohi
      Pages: 01 - 11
      Abstract: This study explores the portrayal of women emotions, societal constraints, and unwavering dedication to love in Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai's Shah-Jo Risalo, particularly focusing on the Sur Suhni. This research is analyzed via poetic verses, metaphors, and literary comparisons, the study also delves into the multifaceted nature of love, the challenges faced by Suhni in her pursuit of Mehaar, and the societal norms that dictate and restrict women agency. This research highlights how Shah Latif intricately weaves emotions of longing, vulnerability, and determination within Suhni's character, symbolizing a broader struggle against societal constraints and the relentless pursuit of love.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
  • PAKISTANI VALUES AND THE PARADOX OF HEER'S COMPLEX PATH TO RESISTANCE IN
           BLASPHEMY; A NOVEL BY TEHMINA DURRANI

    • Authors: Ahtsham Zafar, Dr. Salma Khatoon, Asma Khatoon
      Pages: 12 - 30
      Abstract: Gender discrimination and religious exploitation are two of the key issues in Pakistan’s patriarchal social setup. Tehmina Durrani is among those few who dare to challenge such cultures. Her novel Blasphem brings to the fore extreme deterioration in Pakistani values which are beyond reparation. This study aims to examine how traditional Pakistani gender roles are exploited by the main character Pir Sain to subdue Heer, his young wife. This study also explores the paradox of Heer’s resistance to find out how society subjugates individuals who strive to undermine those oppressive measures. A qualitative study is conducted by using Butler’s Gender Performative Theory, outlined in her essay Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory (1988) and Gender Roles in Pakistan, outlined by Ali et al. (2011) which provide the theoretical framework for the research. The findings of the research showed that Pir Sain’s actions were against Pakistani norms and values and that distortion of gender roles led to Heer’s subjugation. It also highlights how suppression could lead to the adaptation of authoritarian, oppressive values yet the resistance of society to any appropriation of gender or its performance.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
  • MOBILITY PATTERNS INTERLOCKED BY THE PERPETUAL FEAR OF CASTE, GENDER, AND
           RELIGION

    • Authors: Ayra Indrias Patras
      Pages: 31 - 45
      Abstract: Mobility, either for work or leisure, is a fundamental right that needs to be accorded to all, irrespective of differences based on class, gender, religion, and other identity markers. When this right to mobility is eclipsed by disparities and discrimination for people situated differently or marked by their exclusive characteristics, it calls attention to dwell upon a better meaning of mobility and investigate how mobility interrelates with gender, work, and society. Exercising the right to mobility is contingent upon class differences, caste-based occupations, gender preferences, urban infrastructure, and access to transportation. Therefore, the present study attempts to examine the mobility patterns of working-class women of the Christian minority community in Lahore by not restricting the understanding of physical mobility to everyday commuting for work, rather it brings into light a varied dimension of mobility terrains. Applying in-depth interviews as a qualitative research tool, 11 interviews of Christian women belong to working classes were conducted. Of all, 7 worked as domestic workers and 4 as security guards. By listening voices of minority women from the margins about their situated realities, the study deliberated on how mobility reconfigures with exclusive identity markers, such as spatial marginality, caste-based occupation, gender, class, and religion. The exploration of the concerns and constraints of women regarding their mobility concerns aims at facilitating an understanding as well as to recognizing uneven layers of mobility that expand the understanding of mobility, defined or understood, by people living in poor settlements.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
  • WOMEN IN WORK ENVIRONMENT: AN EXAMINATION OF SHREDS OF EVIDENCES

    • Authors: Qurat Ul Ain Saleem, Kanwal Ameen
      Pages: 46 - 64
      Abstract: The importance of inclusivity for women in the nation’s progress cannot be questioned. It is evident from the past literature that women face multiple types of issues at their workplaces. This systematic literature review-based study was planned to explore the issues, challenges, or hindrances faced by women in their workplaces. The literature was searched, and applying inclusive and exclusive criteria, thirteen articles were shortlisted for review. PRISMA guidelines were applied to perform the selection and analysis of the studies. The results indicated that females faced the issues such as; gender stereotypes, work-home balance, social problems, lack of basic needs, individual problems, and administrative/organizational problems, male chauvinism and negative attitudes toward female work performance. This study would be a good addition to the literature as it threw light upon the workplace related issues of females.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
  • WEALTH AND WOMANHOOD: A FEMINIST MARXIST READING OF PROPERTY, INHERITANCE,
           AND CLASS MOBILITY IN PRIDE AND PREJUDICE

    • Authors: Imdad Ullah Khan, Saira Asghar Khan, Saad Salman
      Pages: 65 - 78
      Abstract: This research reveals how the way female characters perform social roles, express their desires, and make their decisions in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice (1813), is influenced by their economic status, which was a common motive for marriage in the contemporary society of the nineteenth century. By using feminist Marxist theory, the analysis in this article shows how mobility in class, property, and inheritance interacted in Regency-era England and affected women in the novel. By exploring the textual nuances, dialogues, and characters' interactions, the study brings to light how ownership and inheritance influenced the level of agency and autonomy for women. Importantly, the study underscores the fact that Elizabeth Bennet's journey towards independence and self-awareness was shaped almost all the time by the struggle against the injustice of property standards and the class system. Generally, the research accentuates the significance of Austen’s work in the context of the issues that address women’s equality in the early 19th century, such as gender, property, inheritance, and social justice. This research adds to the research body on Pride and Prejudice, but also gives a holistic picture of the multilayered interconnection of class mobility, feminism and Marxism with its literary representation.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
  • EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PORNOGRAPHIC LITERATURE ON GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN
           WESTERN SOCIETY: A REVIEW OF ADVERSE IMPACT ON SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION OF
           WOMAN IN WEST

    • Authors: Shehla Anwer Kurd, Ali Siddiqui, Nadir Ali Mugheri
      Pages: 79 - 98
      Abstract: The paper intends to explore the role of pornographic literature on to create gender discrimination in the western society with critical reference to identify the status of woman in west. The topic remained of great focus in academia in west. The last decade accounts expand of academic western literature to document concepts of analyzing increased consumption of the pornography with its imagery. In recent, the growing concern is observed amongst western commentators and policymakers to present notion of “sexualization” with specific consequences for woman. The present article is a contribution to sketch an academic background to present role of ‘‘pornographic literature” to create discrimination in western society through a feminist lens. The paper is qualitative in nature. It is designed to analyze the western literature through content analysis. The material is downloaded from the internet sources. After thorough analysis of pornographic literature, the findings of the study reveals some of the important issues related to identification of woman in west. The two important issues are: 1) the pornographic literature is in process to promote nudity other than to highlight various other aspects related to the origin of pornography and its impact on youth which seems to be obscured and 2) the discussion is deflected from possible ills of normalization of pornography with pornographic images of women only that creates a source of discrimination on side of woman. As a result the adverse effect on her identity in west. Therefore, it is significant to describe the nature of pornographic studies in relation to its origin and its impact on overall society.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
  • SUBVERTING GENDERED NATIONALISM: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF WOMEN’S DEFIANCE
           IN SABA IMTIAZ’S KARACHI, YOU’RE KILLING ME!

    • Authors: Sana Jilani , Farkhanda Shahid Khan
      Pages: 99 - 114
      Abstract: The paper aims to illustrate female characters’ efforts in subverting Pakistani nationalism that is gendered due to the patriarchal influences of religion and culture in Karachi, You’re Killing Me! (2014) by Saba Imtiaz. The article uses qualitative cum descriptive approach for the textual analysis of the selected text. The concept of Islamization introduced by President Zia ul-Haq confined women to domestic spaces and silenced them in the national narratives. Similarly, the cultural model introduced by Yuval-Davis and Floya Anthias is quite applicable to the Pakistani context where women are reduced to the symbolic position of mothers of nation and cultural transmitters. The research is significant since it exposes how the cultural and religious influences contribute to the exclusion of women from the national narratives. However, the study contends that women resist the patriarchal notions of nationalism through technology in the novel Karachi, You’re Killing Me! (2014) by Saba Imtiaz. The protagonist of the novel, Ayesha and her friend Zara use digital technologies and social media to define new social, political, and cultural space for women which subvert the dominant modes of gendered nationalism. Thus, the article proves that if given opportunities, women prove themselves an equal gender unlike the national narratives built by the patriarchy mentioning women as second gender.
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2023)
       
 
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Publisher: U of Sindh   (Total: 8 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Government : Annual Research J. of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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The Women : Annual Research J. of Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
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JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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