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University of Sindh Journal of Animal Sciences
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ISSN (Online) 2521-8328
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  • Dietary Effects of Iron and Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on Growth, Muscle
           Composition and Hematological Aspects of Labeo Rohita

    • Authors: FARKHANDA ASAD, SAMINA QAMER, ZUNAIRA SHAHEEN, RAFIA JAMAL, SHEHAR BANO, AIMAN NADEEM, NAVAIRA BATOOL, NOSHABA ANWAR
      Pages: 1Abstract: Two hundred Labeo rohita fingerlings of uniform size (2-3g), irrespective of sex, were used to investigate the effects of dietary Fe and Fe2O3-NPs on growth, muscle composition and hematological aspects of fish. Fish maintained on 32% crude protein, conventional basal feed was supplemented with Fe & Fe2O3 nanoparticles (each at 0.6 & 0.8 mg/kg supplementation levels) to replicate groups of fish for 90 days. Morphometric characteristics i.e. wet body weight (g) and body length (cm) was recorded fortnightly. It was found that the weight gain, body length, SGR and PER were significantly improved in the fish fed on nano iron oxide supplemented diet (T2). Protein and lipid nutrients retention in the body meat was improved in group of fish fed with nano iron supplemented diet (T3). A significant increase in hemoglobin (Hb) content, red blood cell (RBC) count, white blood cell count (WBC) and hematocrit (Ht) value was noticed throughout the study period when compared to control group. From the results, it was concluded that [email protected]/Kg level is more suitable for Labeo rohita with great growth potential and improved muscle composition and hematology as compared to other levels of Fe and Fe2O3 NPs. 
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6340
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Efficacy of Different Neonicotinoids and Bio Pesticides on Okra Against
           Bemisia Tabaci

    • Authors: AZAZ AHMAD, MIZBAH ULLAH, YASIR ALI, MOHAMMAD AKIF , ZEESHAN WALI, HAMZA JAMIL, WASEEM HAYAT, QAISAR HAMAD, RAHEEMULLAH, FARMAN ULLAH, SAEEDA, MUHAMMAD HARIS SAFI
      Pages: 9Abstract: The current study was investigated at the Agricultural Research Institute Tarnab, Peshawar during 2020 in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The study aimed was determining the efficacy of different neonicotinoids insecticides and bio- pesticides against Bemisia tabaci on okra crop. Results revealed that significantly maximum number of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) population reduction was recorded in imidacloprid (7.55plant-1) treated plot followed by acetamiprid (8.88plant-1) and bio-pesticides (11.99 plant-1) while minimum population reduction was recorded in clothianidin (14.66 plant-1) treated plot over checked plot after 1st application while similar observation was recorded after the 2nd application. In terms of CB ratio, highest CB ratio was recorded by imidacloprid treated plot followed by bio pesticide, acetamiprid and clothianidin while lowest CB ratio was recorded by acetamiprid. Similarly, the research work concluded that overall best performed by imidacloprid after 1st and 2nd application while minimum control was observed by clothianidin treated plot over the control treatment.  
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6341
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Correlation of Serum Calcium with Enzymes Aspartate Aminotransfrase,
           Creatine Kinase and Mastitis in Postpartum Period in Dairy Cattle

    • Authors: UMAR ARSHAD, QAMAR-UN-NISA, WAQAS AHMAD, MUBASHER RAUF
      Pages: 14Abstract: Mastitis is inflammation of udder and its chances increases in hypocalcemia cases because sphincters of teat are loosened due to calcium-ion channel blockage. Cows those suffered milk fever have 8 times more chances of developing mastitis than other cows which haven’t suffered hypocalcaemia. The values of AST and CK are high in downer cows due to hypocalcemia as compared to healthy cows. Subclinical hypocalcaemia is one of the major complication occurring just after parturition in local and exotic breeds of cattle in Pakistan. It weakens the immune system of dairy animal and also decreases the production potential of animals thus causing serious economic losses in terms of decrease milk production of animal, decrease earning of animal and increased treatment cost due to secondary infection like mastitis occurred due to weakened immune function. The current study was aimed to the correlation of serum calcium with enzymes Creatine Kinase and Aspartate amino transferase and mastitis in postpartum period in dairy cattle. A total of 50 cattle (n=50) just after parturition were included in this study. The cattle were sampled in two ways. Firstly, 10ml blood was drawn aseptically into clot activator vacutainers from jugular vein. Secondly milk samples were taken from all four teats. First 2 milk strips were discarded and next strips were collected in aseptic test tubes. The samples were transported to Pathology laboratory, Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore maintaining the cold chain and stored at -20 0C till further analysis. Correlation between calcium and creatin kinase comes out to be 0.279 which is weak positive correlation. Correlation between calcium and aspartate aminotransferase is also weak and comes out to be 0.111. Similarly, correlation between calcium and SCC also weak and comes out to be 0.193.This is the first study of correlation of calcium with CK, AST and SCC in dairy cattle after postpartum period.    
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6342
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Comparative Efficacy of Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Progestin) Sponges
           with Co-Synch Protocol for Estrus Synchronization in Holstein Friesian
           Cattle

    • Authors: BABAN ALI, ASMATULLAH KAKA, AKEEL AHMED MEMON, ; RIAZ AHMED LEGHARI, ABDULLAH CHANNO, MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM PANHWAR, ABDULLAH SETHAR, MAJEED HAKEEM DHAMRAH
      Pages: 22Abstract: The study involved forty non-pregnant, first-parity Holstein Friesian cows housed under semi-intensive management conditions. They were divided into four groups: Group A received a 7-day CIDR followed by a PGF2α injection, Group B received a 12-day CIDR followed by a PGF2α injection, Group C underwent a 10-day Co-Synch protocol, and Group D served as the control. Estrus symptoms were weak in all groups, while strong signs of standing heat were observed. Group B showed the highest estrus response, earliest onset of estrus, longest duration, and highest conception rate, resulting in positive pregnancies. In contrast, Group D had no pregnancies. These findings suggest that the extended CIDR treatment in Group B led to improved reproductive outcomes, indicating its potential as an effective method for estrus synchronization in Holstein Friesian cattle.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6347
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Breeding Assessment of SCHIZOTHORAX PLAGIOSTOMUS in River Indus, District
           Kohistan, Northern Pakistan

    • Authors: MUHAMMAD QAYASH KHAN, MUHAMMAD ZUBAIR ANJUM, FAROOQ JAN, ABDUR RAUF, ZIA-UL ISLAM, ZUBAIR ALI
      Pages: 30Abstract: In this study, the relationship of total body length (TBL) and total body weight (TBW), Fulton’s condition factor (FCF), gonado somatic index (GSI) and absolute fecundity were determined in snow trout (Schizothorax plagiostomus) from river Indus at district Kohistan, Northern Pakistan. A total of 540 matured specimens (male=277, female= 263) were collected between January and December 2016 by using a gill net. A curvilinear relationship of fecundity and GSI with TBL and TBW were investigated by the quadratic model fit. The study revealed the fact that S. plagiostomus spawned twice in a year, during spring and autumn. The growth coefficient b value and mean condition factor were estimated at 3.42 and 1.75 in both sexes respectively. The GSI in males and females was found 4.4% and 10.96% respectively. In females mean absolute fecundity was 4578.16 eggs. The present study has significance in providing baseline information for the management and conservation of this species of economic importance through captivity breeding.    
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6348
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Evaluation of Different Salinity Levels on Growth Performance and
           Proximate Composition of WALLAGO ATTU

    • Authors: MUHAMMAD OWAIS, RANA MEHROZ FAZAL, RIAZ-UD-DIN QURESHI, RIFFAT YASIN, MUHAMMAD IRFAN, MUHAMMAD WAJAHAT AMEER, RIDA RIAZ MALIK, IQRA SHER, INAYAT ULLAH MALIK, KHIZAR SAMIULLAH, MUHAMMAD ALI, AQSA SARWAR
      Pages: 44Abstract: The study was conducted to determine the optimum level of salinity tolerance on the growth performance and proximate composition of Wallago attu fed with tilapia meat. The experimental fish were collected from River Chenab district Muzaffargarh and acclimatized for 14 days in freshwater before the experiment began. The fish were divided into five treatments: T1, T2, and T3 with salinity levels 4, 8 and 12-ppt respectively with a control group (T0) in freshwater. Each treatment had one replicate and fish were stocked at a density of 5 fish’s/aquarium in the Laboratory. Fish were fed 5% of their body weight with tilapia meat and water was exchanged regularly after every alternate day. The present study indicates the highest survival rate at 12-ppt and mortality was observed beyond this point. Non-significant changes in growth parameters viz; Feed intake, Feed conversion ratio, and Weight gain, were found in treatments and the control group. Additionally, proximate composition (moisture, ash content, protein and fat) showed significant changes (P<0.005) in groups. Water quality parameters were found within the acceptable range during the study period. The result suggests that W. attu is a suitable species for rearing in harsh water earthen lakes and emphasizes the importance of considering salinity levels and leads to innovation in sustainable aquaculture practices.
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6349
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Exploring The Impact of Weather Factors on the Population Trend of
           Oxycarenus Laetus Kirby (Dusky Cotton Bug) and Natural Enemies in
           Different Agro-Ecological Zones of Sindh, Pakistan

    • Authors: MUHAMMAD MITHAL RIND, HAKIM ALI SAHITO
      Pages: 50Abstract: The research work was carried out in different agro-eco-zones of Sindh, Pakistan at the experimental field area of Cotton Agriculture Research Station at Tandojam, Sakrand, Kotdiji and Sarhad, 2019. The peak population of the Dusky cotton bug (DCB) was recorded at Tandojam. The high population of natural enemies like Chrysoperla, Orius, and Mirid bug was observed from July to September. The peak pest of pest observed averagely at Tandojam and Sakrand (49 to 23%). The abiotic factors like temperature and humidity averagely at Tandojam and Sakrand (32 to 50%) followed by Kotdiji and Sarhad (41 to 18%) recorded ideal for Chrysoperla, Orius, and Mirid bug. The abiotic factors were recorded as favorable for natural population multiplication like temperature and respectively.  The weather factors noted optimum for spider population at Tandojam. It was concluded that the peak population of the pest was observed in different agro-eco-zones from September and October.  
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6350
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • A Checklist of the Avian Species of Saidpur Upazila of Bangladesh

    • Authors: ASHRAFUL KABIR
      Pages: 59Abstract: To understand birds’ behaviour besides the residence more or less dominant as a whole. Bangalipur union of Saidpur is composed of many medium-sized trees with bushes that are a good shelter for those birds. This survey was carried out from 2019 to 2021. Quantitative, qualitative, and survey methods were carried out for this study. A total of 73 bird species of 39 families were identified, where 33 were very common, 18 common, 8 uncommon, 9 rare, and 5 few. In addition, the behaviour of birds found with winter visitors (7 species), summer visitors (3), local migrants (2), and residents (61). In the Ardeidae family, there was the highest number of birds (6 species) and then Cuculidae (5 species). The species richness of birds in the cantonment (protected) area revealed that it is safe for all resident birds.  
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.57038/usjas.v8i2.6351
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
 
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