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Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2519-089X - ISSN (Online) 2519-0326
Published by CSRC Publishing Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Prevalence and Causes of Delinquent Behaviors among Juveniles with
           Deafness Enrolled in Special Education Institutions in Punjab

    • Authors: Zarish Faizan, Ghulam Fatima, Muhammad Jahanzaib
      First page: 211
      Abstract: Purpose: This research was an effort to find prevalence and causes of delinquency among juveniles with deafness enrolled in special education institutions. Design/Methodology/Approach: Population was the teachers of deaf juveniles enrolled in public and private sector of Special Education schools and centers in Punjab. The population of the study included all special education teachers working with deaf children. A Sample of 60 teachers was selected by using simple random sampling technique. Instrument was a self-structured questionnaire consisting of two parts, the first part of questionnaire addressed the demographics of special education teachers and second part consisted of statements on five points Likert type scale (Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree) on prevalence and causes of delinquent behaviors. The validity and reliability of questionnaire was ensured. The data was collected from special education teachers, through email, social media, on telephone and by conducting in person and online meetings. The acquired data was analyzed in terms of frequencies and percentages through descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings: The major findings showed that Deaf Juveniles were involved in delinquent behaviors such as smoking, drug addiction, and theft/snatching. Implications/Originality/Value: The conclusions were drawn, and recommendations were given to Directorate General of Special Education and to the management of private sector of special education institutions to take practical measures for the prevention of delinquent behaviors among juveniles with deafness.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2212
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Impact of E-retailing Ethics on Consumer Repurchase Intention

    • Authors: Saqib Ghias, Kazi Afaq Ahmed, Azam Anwar Khan
      First page: 251
      Abstract: Purpose: Online retailing has grown tremendously over the last decade, particularly in the COVID 19 period but little attention has been given to ethical problems arising from it. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of e-retailing ethics on consumer repurchase intention aiming to highlight the significance of ethical consideration in e-retailing business..   Design/Methodology/Approach: This is a quantitative study and the sample size is 212 participants. Male participants were 129 and  Female participants were  83. Respondents mainly included consumers with varying frequencies of online purchasing. The conceptual framework comprised of reliability, non-deception, security, trust and e-service quality as independent variables moderated by shopping habits. The dependent variable was repurchase intention. PlS-SEM was used to analyze the data. The participants mostly were residents of Karachi. Findings: The repurchase intention of consumers is directly impacted by three independent variables of e-retailing ethics out of five tested in the study i.e. E-service quality, reliability and non-deception while remaining variables trust and security proved insignificant. The study results further revealed that reliability, non-deception, and e-service quality are also positively moderated by shoping habits while security and trust proved insignificant. Implications/Originality/Value: The findings can be used by online retailing outlets to design marketing strategies for successfully running their store.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i1.2194
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Systemic Review of Swim Bench Training During Last Five Years

    • Authors: Syed Muhammad Danish Haider Hamdani, Yue Zhou, Shaista Shireen, Syed Muhammad Zeeshan Haider Hamdani
      Pages: 265 - 275
      Abstract: Purpose: There are numerous advantages to train the swimmers on swim-bench, which is why this systematic review critically evaluate the published data for this practise. The current review’s purpose is to evaluate the efficacy of swim bench training in light of recent research conducted over the past five years. Methodology / Evidence Acquisitionː Published articles that examined the benefits and uses of a swim bench training on an athlete were reviewed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. An electronic database search based on three databases that include PubMed, Google Scholar, and Taylor & Francis was done using keywords "Swim bench” and “Swim bench training”. The database search was limited to articles between January 2016 to the date to include the data of 5 years. It retrieved 1289 articles on sight. Articles that were originally published in a language other than English or did not have translated version in English were omitted from the study by the researcher. Conclusionsː Jaime & Maria (2017) and González Ravé J et al., (2018) studied isokinetic force production, there was no significant result found related to isokinetic force and in isokinetic power a slight decrease was observed in that of isokinetic force. Whereas, Popovici & Suciu (2017) proved the strength and velocity gain in young female swimmers after swim bench training and also enhanced muscle synchronization as well as improved propulsive force generation and considered it as a source of improvement and immediate instruction for better training purposes. However, swim-bench is widely being used from coaches in several manner of dry land training among swimmers at elite level as well. it is further suggested that further experimental studies needed to observe the swim-bench effect on training as well as rehabilitation purpose scientifically with the principal of specificity of sports training.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i1.2222
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Zero Tolerance for Workplace Harassment: Legal Regime of Pakistan

    • Authors: Naheeda Ali, Kanwal Iqbal Khan
      Pages: 277 - 286
      Abstract: Purpose: This paper discusses how to avail protection against workplace harassment under the statutes in Pakistan, "Protection Against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2010", with amendment bill 2022, which deals with harassment and provisions of the Pakistan Penal Code 1860. It dichotomizes what Acts will be considered harassment, with whom, and to what extent. It defines the procedures by which an aggrieved person can get redressal under the premises of justices.    Design/Methodology/Approach: Qualitative method was used to analyze statutes, local and international protocols, rules and regulations of Pakistan and developed countries. Findings: Sexual harassment is not an epidemic; it is a worldwide pandemic. In today's competitive world, inappropriate workplace attitude generates a dangerous and frightening atmosphere for females and inhibits their capacity to connect. It is an apparent form of gender acumen in the workplace and causes significant harm. In private and governmental institutions, male advantages are still exploited to justify violence against women.  Implications/Originality/Value: It is concluded that Act is revised to address the flaws mentioned above. It is essential to comply with existing laws in the true spirit of justice with zero tolerance for workplace harassment.                                                                                 
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2230
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Perceived Appraisal Fairness Effect on Performance Appraisal Effectiveness
           and Appraisal satisfaction in Higher Education

    • Authors: Zahida Abdullah, Sufiana Khatoon Malik
      Pages: 287 - 300
      Abstract: Purpose: The reactions of ratee to appraisal practices and their perceptions of appraisal system fairness may be a good indicator of appraisal system success. This research investigates employees' perception of performance appraisal (PA) aspects connected with organizational justice on Performance Appraisal effectiveness and employee satisfaction with the evaluation process in higher education. Design/Methodology/Approach: The partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was employed to check the hypothesized results. Overall, 497 respondents filled the questionnaire with their views on appraisal fairness, effectiveness, and satisfaction with appraisal practices. Findings: The findings show a positive relationship between organizational justice dimensions (socially determined justice and structurally determined justice) with effectiveness and satisfaction with the appraisal system. However, satisfaction with performance appraisal effectiveness and socially determined justice do not have a statistically significant relationship. Furthermore, there is a significant mediation relationship between the appraisal system's effectiveness, employee satisfaction with performance appraisal, socially determined justice, and structurally determining justice. Implications/Originality/Value: The study presents some useful suggestions to managers working as appraisers on increasing the performance appraisal system effectiveness and making it acceptable for the employees with their satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2237
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Street Harassment of Women in Lahore: Experiences, Consequences and
           Reporting Mechanism

    • Authors: Kiran Ikram, Nimra Ishtiaq, Nayab Javed
      Pages: 301 - 312
      Abstract: Purpose: Urbanization, Women’s participation in education and work, and the patriarchal structure of Pakistani society are challenging women in urban communities, especially for their mobility. The present study aims to revolve around the experiences, consequences, and reactions of street harassment among young females of Urban Lahore. This study also aims to explore the perceptions of young females about public safety and comfort by exploring the reactions and reporting mechanism of young females to Street Harassment.  Design/Methodology/Approach: The research stance is interpretive consisting of 20 in-depth interviews of females between the ages of 18-35 years from Lahore. The sampling technique was snowball sampling and the data is transcribed and analyzed through thematic analysis. Findings: The major findings of the present research show that the bus stops and terminals are the major places of street harassment and the perpetrators of street harassment come from all walks of life. Young females have social, emotional, and physical consequences of such kind of harassment. There are many social and cultural barriers, including patriarchal society and its socialization patterns, blaming the victims and considering it a harmless act which stops women to report it legally but they started to talk about it, especially in informal settings. Implications/Originality/Value: Women need to have some support from their families and even from the passers in dealing with public or street harassment by not considering it a harmless act.                                                    
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2242
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Relationship between Psychological Distress, Sociodemographic

    • Authors: Tooba Fatima, Ivan Suneel, Abia Nazim, Saima Majeed
      Pages: 313 - 324
      Abstract: Purpose: The current study examined the impact of demographic correlates such as socio-economic status, family structure, resources, pre-existing physical and mental health conditions, and the home environment on the psychological distress reported by adolescents during a lockdown period. Design/Methodology/Approach: It was a correlational study that followed the cross-sectional research design. Through purposive and convenient sampling adolescents were approached and 158 participants aged 18-27 years (M = 18.89, SD = 1.83) completed an online survey. The survey consisted of a demographic information sheet, medical history form, and DASS 21. Findings: Results indicated that psychological distress, anxiety, and depression were significantly positively correlated with socioeconomic status. There was a negative correlation between distress and the availability of house help. The data show a strong positive relationship between distress and having a pre-existing medical condition and even stronger correlations when family members have such conditions. Implications/Originality/Value: This data is relevant for teachers and administrators who are actively involved with these young adults at a personal or systemic level, as well as for college counselling centres to create supportive spaces for mental health care during the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2245
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effect of Family Pressure, Peer Pressure, and Media Pressure on Body Image
           Dissatisfaction among Women

    • Authors: Muhammad Akbar, Fakhira Nasir, Memoona Aslam, Iqra Qasim
      First page: 325
      Abstract: ABSTRACT In the current decades, family-pressure, peer-pressure, and media-pressureare playing a vital role in leadingto body image dissatisfaction among working women.   Purpose:The main objective of the current study was to find out the effect of family-pressure, peer-pressure and media-pressure on body image dissatisfaction among working women. Design/Methodology/Approach:The research was based on a cross-sectional survey. The sample consisted of 250 working women. Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance Questionnaire and Body Dissatisfaction Scalewere used for data collection. Findings:Multiple Regression analysis was applied to test the hypothesis. The findings indicated that family-pressure has a positive effect on body image dissatisfaction. The findings indicated that peer-pressure has a positive effect on body image dissatisfaction. . The findings indicated that media-pressure has a positive effect on body image dissatisfaction. Implications/Originality/Value: The findings empirically established the impact of family-pressure, peer-pressure and media-pressure on body image dissatisfaction among working women.    
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2249
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Right to Privacy, Its Progress & Decline: A Critical Review

    • Authors: Abdus Samad Khan, Rizwana Gul, Shaista Naznin
      First page: 331
      Abstract: Purpose: This article is aimed to analyze the different Philosophical and legal perspectives of privacy in the United States with reference to a few landmark cases in the U.S. My debate will cover different situations, views, and laws in the US, the EU, and Pakistan (to some extent) to critically view present and ongoing violations (now mostly agreed with opinion) of the right to privacy.  W. A. Parents and others on the definition of privacy and Louis D Brandeis on a political and legal ideal of privacy have been talked about. Approach: prior research studies and existing literature was examined regarding privacy. Findings: Privacy is acknowledged as a human rights issue, but it constitutes a real problem when the values and objectives behind privacy are different. Contemporary issues of unlimited surveillance and data collection to battle terrorism by law enforcement agencies and governments are particularly alarming to invade the right.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2255
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Impact of Transformational Leadership on Project Success: The Moderating
           Role of Emotional Intelligence of Leaders

    • Authors: Noreen Fayyaz, Warda Gul, Iqra Saeed, Khansa Masood
      Pages: 341 - 354
      Abstract: Purpose:This study examined the impact of transformational leadership on project success with the moderating role of emotional intelligence. Design/Methodology/Approach:The study was conducted on NGOs providing healthcare services in Lahore, Pakistan. This study was quantitative in nature.  Data was gathered from 260 respondents through standardized questionnaire working on healthcare projects of Lahore.  SPSS 22 was applied for data analysis Findings:The findings of this study showed the insignificant effect of transformational leadership on project success. However, a very strong impact of moderator i-e emotional intelligence was observed   among the relationship of transformational leadership and project success. The theoretical and practical implications of study are substantial addition for the future researchers in the domain of project management. Implications/Originality/Value:Theoretically, this study demonstrates that the association between TL and PS with influence of the Emotional Intelligence has direct and significant. As a result, it supports the literature’s recommendation to evaluate the relationship between Transformational Leadership Style and PS with the moderator i.e. emotional intelligence. The findings suggest that Pakistani healthcare NGOs enterprises must seek for emotionally intelligent transformational leaders as well as proficiency in basic managing abilities while hiring. Furthermore, existing employees must be teaching to improve their Emotional Intelligence by enrolling in professional training.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2190
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Illiteracy: A Source of Women Compensation (Sangchatti) for Settlement of
           Tribal Clashes. A Case Study of District Khairpur

    • Authors: Shah Muhammad Farooq, Mumtaz Ali, Saima Shaikh
      Pages: 355 - 362
      Abstract: Purpose: The objective of the study was to analyze illiteracy as a source of women as compensation for settlement tribal clashes in District Khairpur, Sindh Pakistan. The present study was conducted in a rural area of District Khairpur.  Design/Methodology/Approach: The Data were collected through a questionnaire from the victims of Parents, brothers, and blood relatives of women. A sample size of 460 was randomly selected. Using techniques of descriptive statistics, reliability, and regression analysis to find out the relationship between Illiteracy and women as compensation (Sangchatti). All techniques were performed in SPSS 25.0 version for the data analysis. Findings: Illiteracy is a societal problem, which has unfavorable effects on the overall living conditions of tribal individuals. The high illiteracy ratio is one of the causes of tribal clashes and women as compensation for settlement disputes. Moreover, Illiteracy and women as compensation (Sangchatti) have a significant relationship among them. When they are having their businesses, in such cases as well, when they are literate, they will be able to render a significant contribution to achieving personal and professional goals. There are various causes of illiteracy, which are experienced by tribal individuals. Implications/Originality/Value: The study indicated that despite the provision of resources for their education, people had strong reservations about educating their females because of the tribal structure, their fear of Wadera, and their acceptance of their involvement in decision-making.                                        
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2279
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effects of Poverty on Education in Rural Pakistan

    • Authors: Abdul Hameed Phull, Nazar Hussain Phulpoto, Shoukat Ali Mahar, Saifullah Memon
      Pages: 363 - 370
      Abstract: Purpose: The study's goal is to look into the impact of poverty on schooling in rural Pakistan. The purpose of the research is to see if pupils in Pakistan are truly affected by the country's economic situation and how much a standard of life can influence a student's education rural community. Design/Methodology/Approach: This research study used a cross-sectional survey design to scientifically analyze and identifies or discusses various dimension of poverty that impacts education. The data was obtained using a questionnaire from a sample of 650 respondents drawn from the area. Using regression analysis and other results performed through STATA and Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS). Findings: In Pakistan, there is a long list of educational issues. We may not have the ability to change the system, but we do have the ability to change ourselves. As a result, many in positions of power are unconcerned about the government schools' weak educational system. Because parents' income is insufficient to sustain the entire family, Pakistan's rising poverty forces every member of the household to work. In this situation how can a poor man care about his children's education when he has nothing to eat. Implications/Originality/Value: Education, more than ever, is the key to escaping poverty, while poverty remains the most significant barrier to education.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v8i2.2280
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
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Heriot-Watt University
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