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Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
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Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1309-6672 - ISSN (Online) 2618-6322
Published by Bingöl Üniversitesi Homepage  [1 journal]

    • Authors: M. Sami TÜRK
      Abstract: It is known that ancient medicine viewed the human body as consisting of four main fluids. Each of these fluids is called humour. In terms of their qualities, the four fluids are considered in terms of warmth and coldness, wetness and dryness. A decrease or increase in the fluids and/or their qualities is a cause of illness. Melancholy is the Greek word for black gall, one of these juices. This article analyses the causes and symptoms of melancholia in Robert Burton's famous work, The Anatomy of Melancholy, by looking at how the theory of juices is treated in Hippocrates and Galenos. Then, with the data obtained, it subjects Torquato Tasso, one of Goethe's leading plays, to a detailed analysis in terms of melancholy. He identifies the melancholic character of Torquato Tasso by exemplifying it with many quotations from the work.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030
           METHODS: 2002-2022 PERIOD

    • Authors: İlker İbrahim AVŞAR
      Abstract: In this study, the Turkish aviation sector is analyzed using data from 2002 to 2022. The aim of the study is to show the extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Turkish aviation sector. For the study, the CRITIC and PROMETHEE models were used, which belong to the multicriteria decision-making methods. The CRITIC method determines the weighting of the criteria for the alternatives. The PROMETHE method is used to rank the alternatives according to the criteria. TUIK data is used in the study, and the research dataset includes 8 criteria for the Turkish aviation sector. These criteria are the number of aircraft, seat capacity, domestic cargo, international cargo, domestic air traffic, international air traffic, number of domestic passengers, and number of international passengers. The analysis conducted based on these criteria shows that the Turkish aviation sector was negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis showed that the performance of 2020 was worse than that of 2012. The performance of 2021 is lower than that of 2015. The performance of 2022 is worse than that of 2019. Accordingly, the Turkish aviation industry was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but has achieved better results every year after 2020.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Şener BALAT; Selçuk KARAMAN
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the impact of learning activities organized in different learning environments on learners' levels of social presence, learning, and satisfaction. An experimental study was conducted on two separate groups using a widely used learning management system and a social networking platform during a six-week implementation period, employing various learning activities such as educational videos, true-false matching, question-answer, chat, and discussion. The research sample consists of 64 students enrolled in an undergraduate program at a state university. Two different learning environments were designed for the experimental procedure. This study collected data related to three variables: social presence perception, achievement status, and satisfaction level. The "social presence scale" was used to measure social presence perception, the "satisfaction scale" was used to measure satisfaction level, and the "academic achievement test" was used to determine the level of learning. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools, t-test, and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) methods. According to the research findings, learning management systems and social networking platforms generally do not differ in terms of learners' perception of social participation, satisfaction level, and academic achievement level. While differentiation in favor of the learning management system was observed in terms of satisfaction level on an item basis, differentiation was found in terms of communication and interaction with group peers in the social networking environment. Furthermore, a positive relationship was found between students' academic achievements and their perception of social participation in the learning management system environment. In contrast, no relationship was observed in the social networking environment. Therefore, implementing similar activities in different environments does not lead to differences in perception of social participation, satisfaction, and achievement. However, differences may arise among these variables depending on the characteristics of the environments. Hence, it is important to combine the strengths of the environments to facilitate positive interaction among these variables. In this way, the strengths of the environments should be integrated to foster a positive interaction among these variables.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Müge KUŞ MUMCU
      Abstract: G.E. Moore, who is one of the founders of analytic philosophy, regarding philosophy as an analytic activity and thinks that philosophical problems could be solved only by means of analytical methods and ordinary language. He has recourse to the method of linguistic analysis in order to justify knowledge of external world and objective beings and show how we know the objective reality against the thesis of sceptical and subjective philosophy which claims that objective beings cannot be known because of the gap between external world and mind. For this reason, in the first part of this study, the analyses of G.E. Moore on the essence and function of propositions will be presented, and the difference between true and false propositions is revealed in the context of faith. Then, through looking relationship between belief and fact and truth which is stated in the proposition, it has been sought an answer for the question “Is there an objective truth independent from the consciousness of the subject'” in the light of G.E. Moore’s thought.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: İsmail AYDOĞDU
      Abstract: This study; focuses on the role of press organs during the period in searching large masses of ideas, which began to occur in the 2nd Constitutional Monarchy period and whose effects continue even today. The currents of ideas that began to germinate during the Second Constitutional Monarchy time, when there were significant changes in the political, economic and social structure of the Ottoman state, especially in the army, have claimed to be the remedy for the declines and dissolution in every field. The most effective tools used by the current of ideas, which started intensive propaganda activities in order for these claims to reach large segments and find supporters were newspapers and magazines which were common press tools of the period. Although different movements and ideologies emerged in the relatively free atmosphere of the second Constitutional Monarchy, Islamism and Turkism were more successful in reaching wider masses. It has been tried to explain the effects of newspapers and magazines on the spread of ideas and ideologies in this period, especially Siratimustakim/Sebilurresad and Turk Yurdu journals, which were the publication organs of the periods when these currents of thought were intensely processed.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Remzi BAŞAR
      Abstract: Social media has become a new and very effective sales channel for businesses in line with the continuous change and development of technology and the digitalization of businesses which also has increased the importance of e-commerce. The study is related to one of the latest trends in digital marketing channels; the objective is to examine the benefits of the influencer marketing method on a sample business. It is defined as the whole of the promotion and marketing activities carried out through people with a significant number of followers in at least one of the social networks and whose opinions are given importance in their field of expertise. How social networks can be used effectively and efficiently by small businesses for promotion and marketing with low-budget advertising, the difference in followers and customer returns from two influencers advertised by the Elyxion Boutique is examined by using the number of followers of the phenomena with the derived from social media accounts and advertising statistics.It has been concluded that when small businesses with low advertising budgets advertise uses the influencer marketing channel, one of the digital marketing tools the account interaction, reliability, and the extent to which the celebrity can affect their followers rather than quantitative factors such as the number of followers. It is thought that the results of the research can be a guide for businesses that want to use the influencer marketing method as an advertising tool correctly and effectively; in the meantime, a special website called ABC Reklam, which is a portal that brings businesses and influencers together, to use the method more accurately and effectively. The site platform is proposed along with the prototype design. It is thought that the portal in question can function as an influencer search engine at the point of finding the right influencers for social networking platforms.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Hüseyin BAYRAM
      Abstract: The content related to change and continuity is taught to students at primary and middle school levels through the social studies course. In this context, it is important to examine how middle school students who take the social studies course perceive change and continuity. The purpose of this research that based on this importance is to determine how middle school students perceive change and continuity. Phenomenology, one of the qualitative research designs, was used in the research. A total of 22 middle school students participated in the research in which maximum diversity sampling was used. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview form and analyzed using descriptive analysis. At the end of the research, it was determined that middle school students perceived change as compulsory, natural, necessary, regenerator, developer and harmonizer, and perceived continuity as protecting the essence, resistance against degeneration, immutability, keeping past live, immortality. Ita was also determined that students viewed the place of the change and continuity in individual life as a part of daily life, necessary, regulator and humanitarian, and viewed the place of the change and continuity in social life as necessary, regulator, stabilizer and natural. Based on the results, various recommendations were developed.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Özgür TUTAL
      Abstract: In Turkey, a number of primary studies have been conducted to investigate how authentic learning impacts students' attitudes towards courses, an important affective factor in the learning process. These individual studies have reported varying effect sizes on the effectiveness of authentic learning. This review utilized a meta-analysis approach to analyze the results of experimental and quasi-experimental studies on this topic to provide a more comprehensive overview. Out of the 180 studies identified in the literature search, eight studies (representing nine effect sizes) that met the inclusion criteria were coded and analyzed. Among these primary studies, one showed a modest effect size, seven demonstrated a moderate effect size, and one had a strong effect size. The analysis showed a moderate overall effect size for the effectiveness of authentic learning on students' attitudes towards courses (g=0.751). Based on these findings, it can be concluded that authentic learning is more effective than traditional education processes in promoting positive attitudes towards course, which is a noteworthy result in educational research.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030
           OF VIENNA (1683-1699)

    • Authors: Yaşar UĞURLU
      Abstract: The 17th century marks a crucial period in the history of the Ottoman Empire, characterized by significant disruptions, changes, and transformations in political, military, economic, and social spheres. The unsuccessful Siege of Vienna in 1683, occurring towards the end of this century, and the subsequent signing of the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, following a 16-year war period, represent a historical turning point for the Ottoman Empire. The empire experienced substantial territorial losses through this treaty for the first time, plunging it into an uncertain era. While extensive research has been conducted on the political, military, and logistical aspects of this period (1683-1699), there has been a shortage of studies examining the impact of this war period on Ottoman social life. This study focuses on banditry incidents, which are of paramount importance in Ottoman social life and occurred during times of depression or calamity in Ottoman history. Through an analysis of primary sources from the period, the researchers gathered documentary evidence and applied content analysis to transform it into statistical data. These data were then organized into tables, and a text supported by visual elements was crafted to present a comprehensive understanding of the banditry incidents and their repercussions in a tangible manner.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Emrah AVCIĞLU; Ömer ARPACIK
      Abstract: This study was conducted to examine what students do in the planning, monitoring and evaluation stages of metacognitive regulation strategies while creating their own videos in ITP (Internet-Based Programming) course and the effect of video creation on their motivation. A case study was preferred as the method. Data were obtained from 12 students through interviews. According to the findings, learners who created videos realized that they learned the content better and used appropriate teaching methods and techniques in the planning, monitoring and evaluation stages of metacognition. It was seen that learning by creating videos was suitable for learners and could support individual and complete learning. In addition, in terms of motivation, the findings show that the sense of individual commitment, being under surveillance, and fulfilling responsibilities and duties can be a source of motivation.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Hasan BAKIRCI; Mustafa KAYA, Vildan PARLAK
      Abstract: This study aims to determine teachers' opinions about the educational videos watched during the teaching career stages. This study was conducted with a case study, one of the qualitative research designs. The participants of the study consist of 13 teachers from different branches working in Van Province in the 2022-2023 academic year. All the participants work in public schools. Participants were determined according to easily accessible sampling, one of the purposive sampling methods. The data of the study were collected with a structured interview form consisting of four questions. Content analysis, one of the qualitative analysis types, was used to analyze the collected data. As a result of the research, the teachers stated that with videos, they tried to increase personal development, make classroom management effective, keep up with the developing technology, special education, guidance, education, social interaction, communication, and school safety basic activities. In addition, they stated that the videos watched were insufficient for the exam, there was a plain explanation in the relevant materials, the videos were longer than necessary, they were not of a quality that would not attract the attention of the individual, and visual materials did not adequately support them. The teachers, whose opinions were asked, stated that the length of the video content negatively affected their social life, they started their daily life with stress, experienced physical and psychological fatigue, neglected their families, and caused them not to enjoy their holidays. The teachers also stated that in addition to the problems caused by watching so many videos, they experience test anxiety. Videos can be rearranged in line with teachers' opinions.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Gökçen AYDINBAŞ
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between political stability index, trade openness, employment variables and gross domestic product per capita (GDP per capita) in MIST and BRICS countries on the basis of annual data for the period 2002-2021. The econometric method used in the study is panel data analysis. Within the scope of the analysis, firstly, horizontal cross-section dependence is tested for the variables and the model. CIPS unit root test was applied to determine the stationarity of the panel. Westerlund (2007) panel cointegration test was used to determine the long-run relationship between variables. Finally, Dumitrescu & Hurlin (2012) panel causality test was applied to determine the causality relationship. The results of the study prove the existence of a long-run cointegration relationship between the variables. In addition, based on the results of the causality analysis, it is determined that there is a bidirectional causality relationship between the political stability index, trade openness rate, employment rate and GDP per capita.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030
           DORIAN GRAY

    • Authors: Şahin KIZILTAŞ
      Abstract: The Victorian Age (1837–1901) – prevailed almost a century of British history and has deeply affected the history of humanity – is the name of an era in the world history which the concepts and practices of industrialisation, capitalism and imperialism are culminated. The industrialisation and capitalism positively contribute to the change and transformation of both society and person. On the other hand, it cannot be ignored that they set ground for cultural/moral corruption and decadence of society and person. All the classes of society whose lifestyles, tendencies, values, and moral sentiments differ from each other are – directly or indirectly – influenced from this degeneration. The possession of elite class positioned at the top of the class hierarchy of social structure to the wealth of the country and the deprival of lower classes from such type of economic potential lead to a rapid spread of the corruption among people. And it gives rise to a hypocrite society whose lifestyle and frame of mind conflicts. This is why, today, an unfavourable image takes shape in the minds of people when someone utters ‘Victorian Age’.In this study, considering of the conditions of the age, the social life and moral understanding in The Picture of Dorian Gray, the novel of Oscar Wilde who is accepted among the important writers of Late Victorian Age will be scrutinised. However, the critical view of the writer who contradicts/conflicts with value judgements of Victorian Age with his both practically and intellectually inconsistent life style will be discussed in our study. Furthermore, how the morality of the age has been reflected in the novel will be among the focal points of the study.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Muhammet İbrahim AKYÜREK; Seher ESEN
      Abstract: This research was carried out in order to determine the level of school-family cooperation according to the opinions of the parents and to examine this level according to different variables. The study carried out for this purpose was carried out with the cross-sectional survey method, one of the quantitative research models. The study sample consists of 408 parents of students from different school types and levels in Ankara. “School-family cooperation standards scale” was used to collect data. In the analysis of the data, the level of school-family cooperation of the parents was determined by making descriptive statistical calculations. As a result of the analyses, parents' views on implementing school-family cooperation were found to be moderate. When the levels of school-family cooperation were examined, no significant difference was found in general terms according to the parenting type, age, education level, income level, number of children and the number of children attending school. However, when school-family cooperation levels are examined in the context of sub-dimensions, it can be said that mothers are more positive than fathers regarding power sharing, and young parents are more positive than the elderly in supporting student success and power sharing dimensions. In addition, it can be said that individuals with high educational status evaluate the power sharing dimension negatively compared to the parents with low academic levels, and the level of school-family cooperation in the power sharing dimension of the parents with high income level decreases.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Tufan ÇÖTOK; Onur KABİL
      Abstract: Aristotle’s distinction between the theoretical and the practical sciences leads to two types of reasoning. While the subject of theoretical sciences is the immoveable entities, the subject of practical sciences is the contingent field of action. The primary motivation that drives people to action is a preference, and behind every preference, there is practical reasoning (logismos). The concept of logismos, which has a rich content of meaning and derives from the concept of ‘logos’, which can be accepted as the reason for this richness, is one of the concepts that determine the choice of action. According to Aristotle, reason in the practical field operates differently from the classical theoretical syllogism, which aims to reach the truth and is the essential tool of theoretical reasoning. Because the practical field is where probability prevails, as stated. Therefore, the first thing to do to clarify the meaning of logismos is to identify its difference from the theoretical syllogism. How does the agent reason while an action occurs, and how does this reasoning relate to the theoretical syllogism, which is the classical Aristotelian reasoning' First of all, practical reasoning has at least two premises, one of which expresses something desired, and the other states a perceptual judgment, a state of affairs. However, the conclusion derived from these premises is not a proposition, contrary to the theoretical syllogism, but an action. Practical reasoning differs formally from theoretical syllogism and does not have the precision that theoretical syllogism has.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Safa ACAR
      Abstract: In recent times, where competitive conditions have become more difficult day by day, and traditional methods are not profitable enough, contemporary management techniques offer solutions that enable businesses to be more competitive and longer-lived. The Toyota production system, defined as a lean philosophy, makes significant contributions to the elimination of waste points that do not produce value in production businesses and to make businesses more competitive and longer-lived. This system, which is successful in the production sector, has started to be implemented in different sectors, such as the health sector. Lean philosophy applications can be used to improve customer waiting times, faulty interventions, high costs and many similar problematic areas in the healthcare industry.In this context, the study aims to examine lean healthcare services in national and international literature. As a result of the research, it was seen that the countries that published the most were the USA and the United Kingdom. most studies were written in the field of health and business, and the focus was on people and lean management concepts.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Durdane Şelale TÜNGAÇ; Fatma Betül KURNAZ
      Abstract: Assessing the same trait using different methods and comparing the results can provide researchers and practitioners with important information about measurement methods. In this study, reading fluency and prosodic reading skills of students with mild intellectual disabilities who need special education were evaluated using a measurement tool consisting of rating-type items and a rubric, and the results obtained were compared. In the study, data were collected from 75 5th-grade students with special needs. The students were asked to read a text they had not seen before, and the assessors evaluated the students' reading performances using the Prosodic Reading Scale and the Multidimensional Reading Fluency Rubric. The evaluations were conducted by four different experts. Inter-rater agreement was examined by calculating G and Φ coefficients, Cronbach's  coefficient, and correlation coefficients. It was determined that there were positive correlations between the results obtained from the two measurement tools. It was seen that there was a single-factor structure in the data obtained from both measurement tools. The results obtained from the measurement tools produced similar results according to gender and disability type variables, except for the speed component in the Multidimensional Reading Fluency Scoring Key. It was concluded that the results obtained from the application of the measurement tools were reliable and compatible.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Mehmet KAYA; Elif POLAT
      Abstract: The period in which the Arab-Israeli conflicts in the early 1990s were discussed, the new world order was discussed, and the Cold War, which ended with the collapse of Soviet Russia, is also called the "Middle East Peace Process". The popularity of the concept of "peace process", which has been used since the 1990s, in the international conjuncture has been achieved thanks to the efforts of the parties that could not come together to find solutions to the problems through dialogue. This study will discuss the dialogue process started in Palestine and Israel through regional transformations and the Oslo Peace Process, which began with secret negotiations in which the parties sought solutions to problems within the framework of the principle of "land for peace.” Furthermore, it will examine where they got to know each other officially for the first time. The aim of the USA, which won the victory in the race for regional hegemony, to play a leading role in the ongoing peace negotiations to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will be evaluated by considering the perspectives of dialogue and non-conflict in the Middle East, such as trying to increase its prestige by reinforcing its regional leadership, expanding its borders in the areas emptied by Soviet Russia. The gains achieved in the dialogue situations between Israel and the Palestinian authorities, which started with high hopes and lasted for about ten years, took the parties back to where they began as the internal dynamics and security perceptions of the countries could not meet at a common point.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Fuad BAKİOĞLU; Nezir EKİNCİ, Metin DENİZ
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the mediating role of cognitive flexibility between fear of missing out (FoMO) and internet addiction. 389 university students voluntarily participated in the study. Fear of Missing Out Scale, Young Internet Addiction Test Short Form, Cognitive Flexibility Scale, and Personal Information Form were used to collect the data for the research. The Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated to determine the relationships between the variables. The mediating role of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between participants' fear of missing out and internet addiction was tested with the structural equation model. According to the findings, positive correlations were found between the fear of missing out and internet addiction, and negative correlations with cognitive flexibility. A negative correlation was found between cognitive flexibility and internet addiction. Moreover, cognitive flexibility mediates the relationship between the fear of missing out and internet addiction. As a result of the bootstrapping analysis for larger samples, the model of the research was confirmed. As a result, as the fear of missing out on university students’ increases, cognitive flexibility levels decrease; as cognitive flexibility decreases, internet addiction levels increase.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Veysel ERGÜÇ
      Abstract: The concept of multiculturalism, which emerged in relation to the management of cultural diversity and different identities within nation-states within the political community, has been a frequently discussed topic in many fields of study in social sciences since the 1970s. Within the scope of this concept, the principle of recognition and coexistence of features pointing to different cultures by public institutions is included. Some thinkers who developed a critical perspective on multiculturalism, which was invented to promote the diversity of indigenous peoples in Australia and Canada, stated that the concept was loaded with an ideological baggage centered on liberalism. The thinkers who stated that the universality expressed in the context of liberalism essentially refers to the special, express that the special is Europe. In addition, they claim that multiculturalism at the center of liberal ideology points to the hierarchical superiority of Europe, and that the universal corresponds exactly to this. The thought of Bhikhu Parekh, who appears as a prominent name among the mentioned thinkers, will be examined within the scope of this study. Within the scope of the study, three questions will be followed. First, the question will be asked with which concept set the thinker associates multiculturalism. In response to the aforementioned question, it will be said that Parekh approaches multiculturalism within the framework of the interaction of culture and nature. The second question will be what kind of meaning Parekh attributes to liberalism. It will be said that Parekh connects classical liberalism with colonialism. The third question will be what kind of solution Parekh, who wants to free multiculturalism from such liberalism, proposes. The philosopher's statement about producing an interpretation of liberalism that is compatible with different cultures will be the answer to the third question. Parekh declares that liberalism is confined to a narrow understanding. Expressing that the view of human nature in liberalism is attached to the abstract mind, Parekh states that an identity that includes universality in the center of sameness derives from this. In such a situation, Parekh, complaining that culture is being ignored, attempts to redefine human nature, which he thinks is stuck in the abstract, with difference-centered culture and to construct a new identity based on difference. Parekh, who defines his effort as the transformation of the abstract and single universal into a pluralistic universal, states that this will be possible with the reconstruction of liberalism. Essential to the redefinition of liberalism, according to Parekh, is the reconstruction of identity by redefining the link between land, sovereignty and culture. It is essential for Parekh to construct such a national identity in a way that includes all cultures. Starting from this point, the thinker aims to reconcile liberalism with the culture that has differences at its center, to bring together the universal with the particular, to build a multicultural regime, and thus to turn a culturally based federal structure into a reality.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Abdurrahman KAYA
      Abstract: With globalization, the crises in the world have begun to transform. In addition to the benefits it provides in many aspects such as the spread of labor and capital mobility and the reduction of transportation and communication costs, there are also new types of crises caused by globalization. One of the most important examples of new types of crises is the crisis in the financial markets. Especially since the 1990s, when globalization gained momentum, the spread of crises in the field of finance with the increase in capital mobility and the effect of these crises in many countries shows the extent of new types of crises after globalization. Apart from financial crises, one of the best examples that can be given to new types of crises is seen as epidemic diseases. With the developments in transportation technology, the mobility of people and labor factors increases, so epidemics spread faster than in the past and affect almost the whole world. The most recent of these diseases is the Covid-19 pandemic. This pandemic has negatively affected almost every country in the world economically, politically and socially. With this pandemic, liberal economic policies and free market regime began to be questioned, and statist policies gained importance. Nation-states, the legitimacy of which has begun to be debated, emerged from this crisis strongly. Fiscal policies implemented by nation states have been an important step to get out of the crisis. In addition, wealth taxes were brought to the agenda again in order to eliminate the effects of the crisis and to correct the distorted income distribution due to the crisis.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Selman KIZILKAYA
      Abstract: In the health system, which consists of a complex structure, patients, physicians and all other health professionals have close relationships with each other. If this relationship is maintained in a healthy way, physician loyalty will increase. Otherwise, communication problems and health care system distrust will arise. The aim of this study is to determine the mediating role of physician loyalty in the relationship between health communication problems and health care system distrust. In this context, the survey method, one of the data collection techniques, was used. The questionnaires were applied to a total of 629 people over the age of 18 in Turkey. In the study, it was determined that health communication problems negatively affect physician loyalty. In addition, it was concluded that there was a positive relationship between health communication problems and health care system distrust. Finally, it was seen that the mediating role of physician loyalty is significant in the relationship between health communication problems and health care system distrust.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Cihan ÇILGIN; Mehmet Ozan ÖZDEMİR
      Abstract: Since COVID-19 has spread almost across any country and is a serious threat to mankind, it was declared to be a pandemic by WHO. Forecasting the results of a pandemic is a quite important and difficult task for policy makers and decision makers. The aim of this study is to forecast the daily case numbers in Turkey by using various time series modeling approaches. In this context, positive case numbers between March 11, 2020, and December 24, 2021, were taken into account in this study. This study, with the number of observations it covers, differentiates from other studies which have been conducted with few number of observations. In this study, all the waves during the COVID 19 pandemic were included in the analysis by studying a more extensive time period. Moreover, in our study, along with a comparison of machine learning algorithms by making case forecasting with these algorithms, increasing the forecasting performance was aimed by combining the predictions of all models used with the stacking approach under a single model. By taking all the related studies analyzed into account, our study, as far as we know, is the first one to assess this many model performances together and make a stacking model on COVID-19 case numbers. The findings obtained from the study prove that forecasting of the cases validated via the developed stacking model were made with high accuracy, and all ensemble learning approaches produce better results than individual methods.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Abdulkadir İNAK; Bedrettin KESGİN
      Abstract: Purpose: While the problem of poverty is still continuing, it is possible to encounter new types of poverty today. The main problem of the research is that individuals are exposed to poverty and live with the risk of social exclusion despite the act of working. The scarcity of research on working poverty in Turkey in the literature adds importance to the study. The aim of this study is to determine the statistical differentiation of social exclusion levels of working poor participants according to demographic variables. Method: The population of this study, which is based on quantitative research design, is the working poor individuals in Bingöl province. The research was conducted with the voluntary participation of 550 working poor individuals using criterion sampling. Results: It was determined that the social exclusion levels of the participants were high in general (2.79±0.45) and on the basis of sub-dimensions. Social exclusion levels of the working poor differ statistically according to gender, education, age, occupation, income, sector and monthly income variables (p
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Ömer Faruk ÖZGÜR
      Abstract: The issue of reputation has received special attention in the academic field, especially after the 2000s. Both management science and public relations academicians have conducted studies on how reputation is formed, how it can be measured and how it can be managed. In this study, 77 master's and doctoral theses related to reputation management in postgraduate academic studies in Turkey were subjected to bibliometric analysis. Thus, it was aimed to reveal a general view of academic studies on reputation management in Turkey. There was a significant increase in the number of theses submitted in 2010 and 2019. As a result, it was determined that most of the theses were prepared at Marmara University. It has been observed that the subject of reputation management has been studied in the context of the public relations department rather than the management science department. It has been observed that quantitative methods and questionnaires as data collection tools are mostly preferred in studies on reputation. Then, it was determined that the most frequently preferred methods were the qualitative method, in-depth interview technique and case study technique. When we look at the most frequently cited sources in the theses, the names Fombrun, Davies, Chun stand out in the international literature, while Kadıbeşegil, Ural, Okay, Peltekoğlu, Dörtok stand out among the Turkish names. It is thought that this study, which highlights the situation in Turkey regarding postgraduate theses related to reputation management, will contribute to reducing the lack of literature review in the field and will be a preliminary preparation for future studies on reputation management.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Abdullah YILDIRIM; Süleyman Hilmi KIZILDAĞ
      Abstract: Religion is one of the most important factors that directly affects the lifestyle and mindset of human beings. Throughout history, Turks have believed in many religions such as Buddhism, Manichaeism, Christianity and Islam, and have carried out translation activities to fulfil the requirements of these religions. Turks, who adopted Islam in masses during the Karakhanids period, translated the Holy Qur'an into Turkish in this period in order to understand the holy book of this religion. In this study, the dual usages of the First Translation of the Qur'an based on the Rylands copy, which is thought to belong to the Karakhanid period, were determined in terms of phonology and morphology. The frequent occurrence of dual usages in Khwarezm Turkish texts, which serve as a bridge between Karakhanid Turkish and Chagatai Turkish, is a characteristic feature of the works of the period. It is noteworthy that the dual usages specific to Khwarezm Turkish texts are also seen in the First Translation of the Qur'an. The present study aims to reveal some phonetic and morphological features of the work by determining the dual uses in terms of phonetics and morphology. In this direction, the study is divided into subheadings Dual Use of Consonants, Dual Use of Vowels, and Dual Uses Occurring as a Result of Sound Phenomena. In addition, by giving the forms of the words with dual usage in Orkhon, Uyghur, Karakhanid, and Khwarezm Turkish, the changes of the words in the historical process were also tried to be shown. In the present study, Aysu Ata's The First Translation of the Qur'an in Karakhanid Turkish (Rylands Copy, Introduction-Text-Notes-Index) is taken as the main source.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Eyyüp AKYÜZ
      Abstract: Space is the place where man works with his own hands. Even though every place is a place, every place is not a place. For a place to be called a place, a person must touch his hand. In this sense, home is a place. While the places are being built, facts such as religion, culture, civilization and geography can be decisive. Because space is not meaningless, soulless, identityless. Space is the mirror of civilization. The home is the expression of civilization. Home means we are here now. People and society have built various homes throughout history. This study seeks an answer to the problem of how the concept of home was formed in Islamic civilization. Islamic civilization protects the right of everyone, whether rich or poor, to live in beautiful places. In this perspective, property belongs to Allah, and his most important contribution to other cultures is the love of beauty and the sublimity of decency. In this case, the property is never used to pollute the world created by God. On the contrary, the most important duty of man is to beautify the environment in which he lives. While houses in Islamic architecture are built with light materials to adapt to the ever-changing family structure, structures offered for community service, such as inns, baths, mosques and madrasahs, are built with permanent materials. This situation perfectly reflects the temporary/permanent classification into the objective field. Stylistic integrity is brought to the city by using standard architectural elements; it indicates a sensitivity that takes into account the time in which we live, environmental conditions and the dynamic structure of the city. In this study, the subject of the home in Islamic civilization will be examined through the concepts of privacy, mortality, the understanding of monotheism, aesthetics in simplicity and the example of Darulerkam, the first house of Islam.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Ömer TOKUŞ
      Abstract: Kale Village in the Solhan district of Bingöl, which appears in archival documents in the form of Genc, Ginc, Gence, or Genç, was arranged as a sanjak (district), an administrative unit after the Battle of Çaldıran in which the Ottomans dominated Eastern Anatolia. Genç, located on the banks of the Murat River, has been flooded with dams being built. Archaeological excavations of Murat Tepe prior to the construction of the dams showed significant findings of the Middle Iron Age, Early Iron Age, and Early Bronze Age. It is understood that Genç, which was under the domination of civilizations such as Assyrian, Persian, Alexander the Great, Rome, Byzantine, and Sassanids, came under the control of the Muslims after Iyad b. Ganm captured Jabal-i Cur (Çapakçur) north of the Amid mountains in 638 AD. Genç, which was previously the field of the struggle of the Byzantine-Sassanid states, formed the Muslim-Byzantine borderline after the conquest of Iyâd b. Ganm. Genç is likely to have been affected by the attacks when Seljuk troops launched raids on Hashdiank (Bingöl) in 1049 AD. After that, Genç and its entourage, which were the scene of Seljuk-Byzantine rivalry, came under the control of the Artuqids from 1104 AD onwards. Thereafter, Genç were bound to the Ottomans by the Çaldıran War of 1514 AD, when forces such as the Zengids, Ayyubids, Khorezm-shahs, Mongols, Anatolian Seljuks, Aqqoyunlus, Qaraqoyunlus, and Safavids ruled with different periods. The Ottomans appointed the Suveydi chiefs to head the city, organizing Genç as a hukumet and yurtluk-ocaklık sanjak. The Suveydi chiefs, who were semi-independent in this sanjak, which was created as a different administrative unit, assumed the administration of the region until 1878 AD. The center of Genç, which was bound to Bitlis Province in 1878 AD, was transferred to Arduşin in 1887 AD for geographical, political, and military reasons, and in 1918 AD to its present location, known as Diyarbük (Sürekli) or Darayeni. This study aims to uncover Genç's history from the beginning to the Republic period.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Vedat AVCİ; Kemal KIRANŞAN
      Abstract: In this study, it is aimed to reveal the effect of geomorphological factors and vegetation characteristics on the distribution of fairy chimneys located in the village of Oguldere (Buban) in the north of Bingöl. In the study, the Digital Elevation Model (DEM), the locations of the fairy chimneys and the satellite images are the basic data set. DEM was created by topography maps and within the scope of geomorphological factors, slope, aspect, layers of elevation steps, and by the satellite images covering the study area, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) laver was created. Locations of fairy chimneys and slope, aspect, elevation and NDVI layers were overlapped with zonal statistics. The minimum, maximum and average values of these locations were determined for each parameter. According to the results, it was observed that fairy chimney formation is more common on south-facing hillsides with moderate slopes and that fairy chimney formation is rare on north-facing hillsides with similar lithology and slope. This is related to the fact that the north-facing hillsides are rich in vegetation. According to the results, geomorphology and vegetation were decisive in the distribution of Oğuldere fairy chimneys.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Mehmet ÖZGER
      Abstract: Cahit Zarifoğlu is a prolific writer who has produced works in poetry, novels, short stories, essays, children's stories, children's novels and children's poems. Although he has produced works in different genres of literature, he is mostly known as a poet. His poems for adults are often described as closed and incomprehensible. Zarifoğlu turned to children's literature in the last periods of his life. He has written novels, stories and poems in the field of children's literature. In these works, he revealed texts for the childhood of adults rather than the principle of being suitable for children. The expression “poetic child language” is used for this approach. In this study, Zarifoğlu's children's poems will be focused on through his poetry books called Ağaç Okul Çocuklar İçin Afghanistan Şiirleri and Gülücük. In his first book, it was aimed to raise awareness about the Afghanistan War, mostly among adults. These poems can also be defined as “poems of ideal” in a way. Zarifoğlu's poet identity is more clearly reflected in children's poems in the book Gülücük.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Nurullah ULUTAŞ
      Abstract: Yaşar Kemal, one of the important writers of Turkish literature, with his more than 40 works, starting from the Van Lake basin, the folklore, daily life, customs, tales, legends, epics, proverbs, lullabies, riddles, lugaz, folk songs of the people living in East - Southeastern Anatolia and Çukurova. It is a cultural treasure that reflects all its cultural elements, especially saying, weddings, lament, birth and death ceremonies. The cultural and artistic life of the Anatolian people is also reflected in Yaşar Kemal's works through folk songs, tales, legends, elegies, riddles, lullabies and folk tales. He is someone who carries the Anatolian people to the level of literature. In his works, it is possible to see the pure and innocent nature of the Anatolian people, as well as the violent personality stemming from feudalism and custom. Since Yaşar Kemal is one of the representatives of the social realist novel in our literature, the subjects he deals with can be read as a reflection of the social life of every segment of Turkish society. In his works, besides the pure and innocent nature of the Anatolian people, it is possible to see the great poverty that emerged due to the unjust income distribution arising from the feudal structure. It is possible to see the poverty and helplessness of the people of Çukurova in many of his novels. In particular, The Other Side of the Mountain Novel Series (Ortadirek / The Other Side of the Mountain - I, Yer Demir Gök Bakır / The Other Side of the Mountain - II and Ölmez Grass / The Other Side of the Mountain - III) reflect the difficulty of living conditions of the people of Çukurova and their efforts to cling to life. In the novels, themes such as the exploitation order brought by the feudal system, economic injustice, superstition, belief exploitation, human-nature relationship, political oppression and social violence are also given as sub-themes. In this work, the ordeals of Anatolian people in the three novels of Yaşar Kemal's The Other Side of the Mountain Novel Series and their efforts to hold on to life will be analyzed in the context of Marxist Critical Theory.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Ahmet ÖZDEMİR
      Abstract: The horse is one of the animals that have held an important place throughout human history, both as a means of transport and as a symbol of loyalty, power and freedom. The relationship between the Turks and the horse dates back to ancient times. This relationship, which started with the domestication of the horse, has also formed the basis of a cultural, social and literary heritage. The horse was not only an animal for Turks, but also a friend, and a travelling companion and played an important role in Turkish culture and literature. Proverbs about the horse, while describing the emotional bond of the Turkish people with the horse and the value given to it, also reflect social norms, values and moral teachings. Proverbs, as one of the most important elements of oral folk culture, are aphoristic expressions reflecting the common memory of the Turkish people. Proverbs reflect not only the richness and aesthetic power of language but also the mindset, values and outlook on life of the society. Our oral culture tradition shows that proverbs occupy an important place in this tradition and continue to be used effectively in social life. This study discusses "horse" and "proverbs", which have an important place in Turkish culture and literature. To enrich the study, proverbs in Turkmen Turkish are also analysed together with proverbs in Turkey Turkish. While analysing these proverbs about horses, it was aimed to determine how active the cultural unity between the Turks and Turkmens living in Anatolia is in the context of these proverbs. As a result of this research on proverbs related to horses, it has been determined that the cultural unity between the two societies is at an advanced level and that proverbs and horses have an important place in the social life of both societies.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Işıl Günseli KAÇAR; Hüsnü ENGİNARLAR
      Abstract: Communicative tasks have been integrated into mainstream English language teaching (ELT) curricula and ELT textbooks not only at K-12 but also at the tertiary level on a global scale for over two decades. Despite the widespread implementation of the communicative tasks in different educational institutions with diverse learner profiles, the observation of classroom practices and anecdotal evidence from teachers and students denoted that there were varied perceptions concerning the effectiveness of communicative tasks between both parties, which indicates a need for the exploration of these perceptions. This qualitative study set out to investigate the perceptions of the EFL teachers and students at an English preparatory school of a large state university in Turkey regarding the effectiveness of communicative tasks in relation to the effectiveness of the communicative tasks. The data were collected through the open-ended items on the student questionnaire, the standardized open-ended teacher interviews and the teacher journals. Eight tasks with a relatively high communicative potential from the coursebook called Language in use intermediate – classroom book by Doff and Jones (1994) were used in the study. The data in the study were analyzed via inductive content analysis. The findings revealed that both the EFL teachers and students at the preparatory school of the university held favourable perceptions regarding the effectiveness of the communicative tasks. They also indicated a general alignment between both parties’ perceptions of communicative tasks in the study. The study incorporates some implications for in-service teachers in the EFL contexts as well as some suggestions for further research.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Hamza Bahadır ESER; Mehmet Recai UYGUR, Abdurrahman SAYDAM
      Abstract: This study examines the impact of the Syrian civil war on Türkiye, specifically the migration of Syrians to Türkiye and the legal and institutional arrangements made for their temporary protection. Initially, Syrian immigrants settled in camps along the Syrian border, but they were later allowed to reside outside the camps, leading to their integration into Turkish society. The study analyzes the legal and institutional arrangements for Syrians under temporary protection status and the services provided by the Adana Metropolitan Municipality. The role of local governments in migration policies and the financing of services for immigrants are also explored. The strategic plan and activity reports of the Adana Metropolitan Municipality are analyzed to understand the various projects undertaken by the municipality in collaboration with international stakeholders to improve the integration and social and economic welfare of immigrants.The findings of the study show that the Adana Metropolitan Municipality has implemented numerous initiatives to support the integration of Syrian immigrants into Turkish society. These initiatives include education and vocational training programs, health services, and social support programs. The study also emphasizes the importance of local government involvement in migration policies and the need for adequate funding to ensure that essential services are provided to immigrants.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Mehmet Bakır ŞENGÜL
      Abstract: This study reads Gülay Karakuş’s solo exhibition “A Road Story: Threshold” through images. In her works, the individual pursuits of human beings and the desire to discover themselves appear as a prominent phenomenon. Focusing on the objects, the artist mirrors the inner world of humans through these objects. The works of the artist have the meaning of the common human story. Her struggle to interpret the story through art shows a strong aesthetic concern. While modern times transform life into fragmented and disconnected moments and impose certain patterns, Karakuş offers humans a different alternative. The artist almost freezes the time continuity loop by reminding people of the thresholds that they must/have to cross. She leaves people alone with their past, present, and future designs within the concept of time, which is frozen and its details are destroyed. In this article, “A Road Story: Threshold”; it was tried to be analyzed the images of child-play, cradle, suitcase and coffin. In the selection of objects in the exhibition, reference to thresholds in human life draws attention. Works that bear traces of personal and collective memory are important in that they offer various readings through different processes of the moment. While the article was carried out within the possibilities of the qualitative research method, the artist’s opinions were used about the formation phase of the exhibition, the production process of the works and the way of display.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Abdullah CENGİZ
      Abstract: XIX. The second half of the century was the period when the Ottoman Empire faced many problems in the political, military, administrative, economic and social fields. In this period, a statement and/or instruction was prepared by statesmen and important personalities in order to solve the problems in the aforementioned areas and Sultan II. It was presented to Abdulhamid. One of these statements and instructions was prepared by Bursa Deputy Governor Yusuf Bahaeddin. During her visit to Anatolia, Yusuf Bahaeddin saw the indifference and ignorance of the people in education. In order to get rid of this bad situation, she thought that basic education institutions should be expanded all over Anatolia and the primary schools that were opened before should be reformed. Report prepared by Yusuf Bahaeddin for the dissemination of primary schools and the improvement of existing schools; It consisted of the titles of introduction, construction of primary schools and education-teaching method in schools, education revenues and education commission. The instruction, on the other hand, consisted of the duties of teachers, inspectors, teachers, class heads, students, the rewards and punishments given to students, and the general structure of the schools. In this study, the issues identified in the report and the instruction were evaluated and tried to be brought into consideration.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Yusuf ARSLAN
      Abstract: The coronavirus pandemic, which first started in China, has brought social life to a standstill all over the World. Although the pandemic seems to be one of the subjects in medicine and health, it has also a significant relationship with history education. Would it be rational to expect individuals to make sense of the current situation, negotiate, and exhibit consistent behaviors, if they were not informed completely about pandemics in the past' How would you react when you face with such an incident if you do not have any idea about the subject matter' If you are uninformed about the issue or destroyed for lack of knowledge you need, then how can you find the sources of error'Based on the qualitative research method, this study attempts to find the answer to these questions. The data were analyzed with the descriptive analysis technique and the conclusions were drawn from the responses. The samples constituting this study are limited to the history textbooks of Compulsory and Elective Secondary Education that were used between the years 2019-2020. Therefore, the findings and results of the study are restricted only to the textbooks of the years mentioned above. Moreover, they do not cover any other academic semesters and textbooks. According to the results of this study, it has been observed that the subjects covering the past epidemic cases that take place in secondary school history textbooks are not sufficiently mentioned. It has also been found that there has been a very crucial demand to teach students about past examples of epidemic cases and how their ancestors overcame them by getting rid of these cases. In conclusion, it is possible to contribute history textbooks to make students learn from their ancestors and be more knowledgeable to defend themselves if they face such epidemic cases in the future.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +030
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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