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Journal of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1309-2243
Published by Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Effects of Different Salinity Levels on Some Quality Criteria and Plant
           Nutrients in Soilless Ornamental Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)

    • Authors: Özlem AKAT SARAÇOĞLU; Hülya AKAT
      Abstract: The research was carried out in unheated greenhouse conditions in Ege University Bayindir Vocational School campus. The effect of saline conditions on some quality criteria and plant nutrient content in soilless ornamental kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) cultivation was determined. Three different salinity levels (S0, S1, S2) were tested. For the salinity level condition that was taken into the study in the study, two separate cultivations were carried out, namely head salad and ornamental kale cultivation, in two different greenhouses. In this way, 3 salinity subjects, one of which is the salinity level of the nutrient solution drained from the head salad control application (S0: control, S1: the drainage solution taken from the subjects, S2: S1+1 dS m-1) for ornamental kale cultivation, were tried. In order to achieve the determined goal, yield and plant nutrient analysis of the leaves and root parts of the plants were carried out. The effect of salinity levels on plant height, plant diameter and visual score was found to be statistically significant. The highest values of plant height, plant diameter and visual score were determined for the lowest salinity level subjects (p<0.05). While the main effect of salinity levels on the P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn contents of ornamental kale leaves was statistically significant, the effect of salinity levels on the N and K contents of ornamental kale leaves was found to be insignificant.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Heritability of Some Seed Characteristics in Manna Ash

    • Authors: Nebi BİLİR
      Abstract: This study was carried on seed characteristics of 19 families belong to progeny test established in 2009 by secondary and endemic tree species Manna ash (Fraxinus ornus L. subsp. cilicica). Variation among families and within family, genetic and phenotipic relations among seed characteristics togetwer with heritability were estimated for seed length, seed width and per seed weight in the species. While large variation among families and within family were found, averages of seed length, seed width and per seed weight were 23,17 mm, 4,42 mm and 0,014 g, respectively. The results were also supported by significant (p<0,05) differences among families based on analysis of variance. Variation among families were higher than within family for seed length and per seed weight opposite to seed width. Heritabilities of seed length, seed width and per seed weight were estimated 0,789, 0,436 and 0,732, respectively. Some suggestions were give for genetic-breeding and other practices based on results of the study.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Scalable and Efficient Port-Based Adaptive Resource Monitoring Approach
           in Software Defined Networks

    • Authors: Hasan ÖZER; İbrahim Taner OKUMUŞ
      Abstract: The need for communication tools is increasing from the past to the present, therefore the tools and methods in network technologies are evolving. Depending on this development, network scale and complexity increase and the limitations of traditional network technology are surfaced. Software-defined Network (SDN) provides a variety of opportunities for the management and optimization of these challenges. Network resource monitoring is very important for providing information to network applications. This study introduces an adaptive port-level bandwidth monitoring method designed for SDN networks. The proposed approach uses a polling-based monitoring paradigm. There is a trade-off between measurement accuracy and monitoring overhead. With this adaptive method, it is aimed to decrease the overhead while maintaining an acceptable level of accuracy of the measurements and also to use network resources more efficiently. The proposed adaptive monitoring approach has 46% less overhead than the periodic polling method and 6.7% less overhead than the PayLess approach. At the same time, this approach is 5.4% more accurate than the periodic polling approach.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Recognition of Immobile Objects with an Active Infrared Sensor at Short

    • Authors: Abdülkadir ÇILDIR; Mesud KAHRİMAN, Mesut TİGDEMİR
      Abstract: With the technological developments, autonomous machines have become used in most areas. The sensors used in these studies are of great importance. By means of sensors, objects can be identified, counted, positioned and classified. Infrared sensors are among the types of sensors that have taken their place in these activities. In this study, their numbers, areas, positions and classifications have been carried out in order to recognize the models at close range with the active infrared sensor. A three-dimensional infrared sensor system has been created with a unidimensional active infrared sensor. This sensor system stands out with its efficiency and cost.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Analysis of Phenomenological and Tectonic Sensitivities in Steven
           Holl’s Approach to Architectural Design

    • Authors: Arzu ÇAKMAK; Kemal Reha KAVAS, Hacer MUTLU DANACI
      Abstract: Architectural design process, which aims to configure spaces of different functions within certain cultural and environmental contexts, proceeds through reasoned choices among alternative solutions. Philosophical concepts are used for analyzing the criterion and values guiding this intellectual process. Developed within philosophy in order to explore Being and the position of human perception within Being, phenomenology has been a frequent reference concerning the relation between architecture and philosophy since the second half of the 20th century. Exploring the multidimensional sensual experience of the body within space, architectural phenomenology is based upon tectonic sensitivity that relates spatial features with place-specific circumstances, human scale and sensual richness. This study aims to make a phenomenological and tectonic analysis of Knut Hamsun Center and St. Ignatius Chapel as distinguished works of Steven Holl. It is concluded that these designs are sources of architectural inspiration since they interpret specificities of place and present richness of experience by forming the sense of spatial belonging.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of Egg Laying Preferences of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick)
           (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on Wild Tomato Species

    • Authors: Baran ASLAN; Ali Kemal BİRGÜCÜ
      Abstract: In this study, the egg-laying preferences of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) on five different wild tomato species were examined. For this purpose, wild tomato species Solanum arcanum (LA2152), S. habrochaites (LA0094), Solanum lycopersicum (LA0292), Solanum pimpinellifolium (LA0100) and Solanum pennellii (LA0716) were experimented together with the sensitive species selected as control (S. lycopersicum cv Depar). According to the results, among the wild tomato species, S. habrochaites was the least egg laid species and S. lycopersicum was the most egg laid species than the control by the T. absoluta. Egg-laying preferences of T. absoluta to the other wild tomato species are listed from high to low as S. pimpinellifolium, S. pennellii and S. arcanum, respectively. In the assessments using with the Repellent Index determined that, S. habrochaites species showed a repellent effect to females, but there was no difference between male species. The plant preferences of male individuals were also determined, and there were no statistical differences between the preferences of male individuals among all studied wild tomato species.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Antibiotic Resistance of Bacteria Isolated from Insuyu
           Cave, Burdur-Turkey

    • Authors: Nermin SARIGÜL; Fatma Seçil KOÇ ÇELİK
      Abstract: Studies for the discovery of microorganisms with different metabolic properties in extreme environments are increasing every year. Within the scope of this study, samples were taken from, an extreme environment, İnsuyu cave. Antibiotic resistance in the obtained isolates was investigated by cultural and molecular biology methods. As a result of Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC) test, 64 cefpodoxim, 6 rifampicin and gentamycin, 18 vancomycin, 15 ampicillin, 44 clindamycin, 48 penicillin resistant strains were detected. Pseudomonas spp. (2G-2), Pseudomonas jesseni (2J), Sphingopyxis fribergensis (4D), Microbacterium yannicii (4M), Flavobacterium chungangense (6B), Rhodococcus spp. (7A), Flavobacterium resistens (9D), Pseudomonas spp. (K-4F), Pseudomonas spp. (K-4G), Buttiauxella agrestis (K-15A) were found to have multidrug resistant by cultural methods. These bacteria and susceptible strains, Flavobacterium chungangense (K-1E), Rhodococcus erythropolis (K-11G) and Pseudomonas spp. (K-15G), as negative controls were selected for the identification of antibiotic resistance genes by PCR based methods. Eight different gene regions, aminoglycoside 2''-O-nucleotyltransferase (aadB), beta lactamase (blaCTXM3, blaSHV, blaTEM), aminoglycoside resistance protein (strA), rifampin ADP- ribosyltransferase (arr2- int2a), vancomycin (vanC) have been detected in Pseudomonas jesseni (2J) and Pseudomonas spp. (K-4G).
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Sustainable Building Design: Case of Isparta Vocational Education Center,

    • Authors: Bircan Selma YILMAZ; Cengiz YÜCEDAĞ
      Abstract: As a result of increasing population and industrial activities in the world, the negative effects on water resources have been increasingly growing. For this reason, efficient use of water resources through new strategies and methods is required. Considering data regarding the water consumption, it has been seen that the necessary precautions are not taken in terms of water resources management and there is no sustainable water management. In this sense, it is necessary to develop and implement water management projects reducing water consumption rates and aiming at efficient and reuse of water. In this study, a transformable rainwater project was developed within the sample of Isparta Vocational Education Center building. For this purpose, the amount of water obtained from the roof of the study area was calculated using the precipitation data of Isparta. The water stored from rainwater can be used in irrigation projects with drip systems. This project should not only be considered as transformable water systems in educational buildings, but will also enable students to become familiar with the concept of sustainability in their future lives.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Distance Learning Process in Architectural Education: The
           Case Study of Department of Architecture at the MAKU-MMF

    • Authors: Aslı ÇÜÇEN; Adem SOLAK
      Abstract: The COVID-19 epidemic process, which emerged towards the end of 2019 and has been continuing in our country since March 11, 2020, has affected all aspects of life as well as the education sector in many ways. In our country, it has been decided to use distance education systems in all educational institutions to avoid any disruption in education and training activities during the epidemic process. In this process, face-to-face courses in architectural education, where applied courses are predominant, started to be conducted online. Considering that distance education systems will continue to be used partially in architectural education after the pandemic period, the evaluation of existing systems and the development of suggestions for improvement are important in terms of increasing the quality and efficiency of architectural education. The study was conducted to investigate the sustainability and applicability of distance education after the pandemic period by evaluating the distance education process by the students of the architecture department. After examining the studies on distance education processes in architectural education and the applied questionnaires, an online questionnaire was designed and implemented by the students of the Department of Architecture at the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture in the Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University (MAKU-MMF). As a result of the study, the data obtained at the end of the applied questionnaire were evaluated and suggestions were made to improve the existing system in case the distance education process continues.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Ecological Approach to Urban Landscape - Plants with Ethnobotanical
           Use: Example of the Marmara Region, Turkey

    • Authors: Ş. Doğanay YENER; Özge İNAL
      Abstract: In this period where environmental problems increase day by day, the importance of making arrangements close to nature within the scope of sustainable garden design has increased. The use of natural plant species forms the basis of economic and ecological garden designs that require low maintenance and prevent excessive water consumption. Plants with ethnobotanical use which are included in natural plants of the region, takes attention as the plants that people benefit from in many ways. In this study, it is aimed to emphasize the importance of plants with ethnobotanical use and to identify the ones with high visual impact and to make suggestions about their use in urban landscape. For this reason in the study, Marmara Region which has dense urbanization and transportation networks, has been determined as the study area and thesis and article studies investigating plant species with ethnobotanical use in this region has been considered as the main material of this study. Accordingly, a total of 29 studies on the subject in this region has been obtained. When these studies are examined, it has been seen that there are 737 ethnobotanical plants with ethnobotanical use in 29 studies belonging to Marmara Region. Of these 737 species, 42 of them in 10 or more studies were accepted as the most frequently used species, and their visual characteristics and their use in urban landscape has been examined. As a result, it has been determined that some ethnobotanical plants with high design potential ca be used on slopes, highways, medians, roof-rock-courtyard gardens, etc. areas and suggestions were made about them.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Associating Photovoltaic Energy Production with Meteorological Conditions:
           The Example of İzmir Bakırçay University

    • Authors: Özgün UZ; Tuğba ÖZDEMİR, Özge TÜZÜN ÖZMEN
      Abstract: Turkey is located in a geographical region with high solar energy potential. Meteorological factors, which make the solar potential high, directly affect electricity production. Forecasting electricity production under predicted meteorological conditions for current generators will help to make production planning. At the same time, it will be encouraging for investors to predict power output in investments to be made in different regions. In this study, the production data of the 400kW solar power plant within the body of İzmir Bakırçay University for the year 2020 were analyzed together with the meteorological data obtained from the İzmir Regional Directorate of Meteorology and they were compared in monthly periods. It is aimed to guide the production and investments to be made in the future with the explanation of the change in the electricity produced by associating it with meteorological factors.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Design Problems and Solution Suggestions in Bridge Intersections: The Case
           Study of Democracy Bridge Intersection, Antalya-Turkey

    • Authors: Esma SARI; Latif Gürkan KAYA, Mehmet ÇETİN
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to give information about the intersections, which are an important part of the urban transportation systems, to identify the design problems of the Democracy Bridge Intersection in Antalya, which was chosen as a sample area, and to suggest sustainable-based solutions for the future. The main material of the study is the Democracy Bridge Intersection, which is located within the borders of Muratpaşa and Kepez districts of Antalya Province, connecting Aspendos Boulevard to the D400 Highway. The method of the study consists of the stages of data collection, analysis and assessment. Observation and literature review studies and examination of the relevant design principles and LEED certification system criteria were carried out during the data collection phase. Determining the design problems, using the comparison technique, making the assessment and giving the solution suggestions were made during the analysis and evaluation phases. As a result, in order to talk about environmentally friendly and sustainable designs, the whole of the problems that may arise while designing this and similar areas should be determined, the relevant disciplines should be worked together and the right decisions should be taken to solve the problems in the studies.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Relation of New Building/Addition in Historical Environment and Context

    • Authors: Sevim ATEŞ CAN; Özge UYGURALP
      Abstract: The historical environment serves as a bridge from the past to the present by bringing together various information about the social, cultural, economic, sociological characteristics, traditions, aesthetic understandings and construction techniques of various civilizations that it has hosted for centuries. Change in the historical environment is inevitable due to various reasons such as the changing needs of the society, population growth and physical damage/dysfunction of historical buildings. A qualified change in the historical environment depends on the designer taking into account the context of the historical environment and choosing the appropriate design approach with the awareness of protecting the historical environment. In order to contribute to researchers and to designers who design new buildings/additions in the historical environment, in the scope of this study, information is given about the context, the historical environment, the new building /addition in the historical environment and the design approaches. In the light of this information, examples of new buildings/additions in the historical environment from various countries have been selected and examined. Then the opinions of various researchers about these samples have been given.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
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