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Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University / Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2458-9268 - ISSN (Online) 2148-6239
Published by Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • An example of entrepreneurship in rural areas: socio-economic analysis of
           livestock enterprises supported by the expert hands project

    • Authors: Muharrem SATAR; Mehmet Saltuk ARIKAN, Arzu PEKER
      Abstract: This study was carried out in order to reveal the socio-economic structure of the enterprises that implement the cattle and small cattle breeding project within the scope of the expert hands project implemented as a pilot in 4 provinces in Turkey, their perspectives on the project implementation and the sustainability of the projects. Within the expert hands project scope, 50 entrepreneurs benefited from the livestock project. Within the area of the research, data were collected from the entrepreneurs of 36 projects, 18 small ruminant, and 18 cattle, in Turkey, using the Google survey tool. It has been determined that 47.2% of the entrepreneurs have worked in another job before. 61.1% of the entrepreneurs stated that they will continue their livestock activities. 24% of business owners meet their financing needs by providing loans. It has been determined that 24 of the entrepreneurs do not have any income other than animal husbandry. The capacity utilization rate was calculated as 58.6% on average. The fact that 61.1% of the entrepreneurs want to continue the project shows that the interest of young people in the sector is still high. It is thought that there is an opportunity for those who want to start their own business in rural areas despite having received sufficient training in the field within the scope of the project. Implementation of the project in all provinces will bring a new dynamism to the rural area and contribute to the sustainability of animal production with entrepreneurs trained in the sector.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The effect of activity on some milking parameters in holstein cows

    • Authors: Önder AKKAŞ; Eda ÜLKÜ
      Abstract: The study was conducted on 41-second lactation Holstein cows of German origin. The shelter type is a semi-open field type and the research period is 12 months. The activities in the first 100 days of lactation per day were 451.4 ± 133.5, and in the second 100 days, it was determined at 420.78 ± 118.0. The activities are divided into 3 parts within 24 hours (at night, during the day between two milkings, and in the evening). While there was no statistical difference between days 100 and 200 of lactation, the lowest activity was recorded at night and the highest activity during the day. The conductance, milk flow, and milking duration of the milk were within the normal range in the first 100 and 200 days and no statistical difference between them could be determined. Mean daily milk yield was 28.28 ± 3.86 kg for the first 100 days and 25.15 ± 3.61 kg for the following 100 days, and the difference was found to be significant (P<0.001). To investigate the influence of the daily activity numbers taken into account as factors on the milking parameters, 4 groups were formed for the 100th and 200th days. Accordingly, the effect of activity on milk conductivity, milking duration, and milk yield could not be determined in the first 100 days; its effect on milk flow rate proved significant (P<0.05). No effect of activity on milking parameters was observed in 200 days of lactation. It is assumed that the inclusion of the housing type, lactation number, and lactation period as well as the seasonal effect in activity studies in cows will contribute positively to animal welfare in herd management.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The prevalence of Francisella tularensis in horse herds in Turkey

    • Authors: Derya KARATAŞ YENİ; Doğan AKÇA
      Abstract: Tularemia caused by Francisella tularensis can exist in nature over a long period of time. The disease can be transmitted by ticks, biting flies, water exposure, food, and aerosols. F. tularensis infections occur especially in the North America, Europe, and Asia. Tularemia is often water-associated and effects humans and an array of animals including domestic animals, wild small mammals, and fish. In horses, there is almost no information about tularemia. However, fever, dyspnea, incoordination and depression have been described. This study aimed to estimate prevalence of F. tularensis among horse herds in Turkey. Totally 109 horses aged 36 months and older were randomly sampled from different regions of Turkey. Blood serum samples were investigated by Microagglutination Test (MAT) in terms of F. tularensis antibody. Prevalence changes were estimated via the diagnostic values (51% for sensitivity and 99% for specificity) reported for the MAT. The animal, within-herd and between-herd apparent prevalences were calculated 40.4% (95% CI = 31.6 to 49.8%), 41.1% (95 CI = 32.3 to 50.6%) and 81.8% (95% CI = 52.3 to 94.9%), respectively. True prevalences were calculated by conversion of the apparent prevalences via the Rogan-Gladen estimator. True animal, within-herd, and between-herd prevalences were calculated as 78.7% (95% CI = 61.3 to 97.5%), 80.2% (95 CI = 62.5 to 99.2%) and 161.6% (95 CI = 103 to 187.7%), respectively. The results provide useful information regarding the prevalence of tularemia in horse herds in Turkey and will hopefully attract the special attention of veterinarians and promote the establishment of an efficient control programme.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The acute effect of thiamine on serum insulin levels and some biochemical
           parameters in excessive alcohol-consuming rats

    • Authors: Hale ERGİN EĞRİTAĞ
      Abstract: There are studies that present metabolic disorders in alcohol drinkers are associated with thiamine deficiency. Therefore, in the present study, it was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of thiamine in rats with binge drinking model. For this purpose, total 21 spraque dawley rats were divided into three equal groups as control, alcohol and thiamine+alcohol groups. The thiamine+ethanol group was given thiamine at a daily dose of 100 mg/kg by oral gavage, starting 2 days before the ethanol administration. Alcohol and thiamine+alcohol groups were given 3.45g/kg/day ethanol as 20%. At the end of the study, while serum total bile acid, total bilirubin and insulin levels increased in rats in the alcohol group compared to the rats in the control group; total protein and albumin levels decreased (P<0.05). In the thiamine + alcohol group, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol, bile acid levels and AST enzyme activity increased, while ALT enzyme activity and total protein levels decreased compared to the control group (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant result in the values in the thiamine+alcohol group compared to the alcohol group. It has been concluded that acutely administered thiamine supplementation had no effect on alcohol-induced biochemical parameter changes in binge-drinking animals. In this sense, studies with longer-term thiamine use are needed.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Three pioneer academics from the field of veterinary surgery in Turkey

    • Authors: Nigar YERLİKAYA; Özgül KÜÇÜKASLAN
      Abstract: The first examples of biography studies carried out within the scope of research on the history of veterinary medicine in Turkey were given by Muzaffer Bekman, and these studies were continued with the efforts of Prof. Nihal Erk and Prof. Ferruh Dinçer. These studies, which are also given importance by later academicians in the field of veterinary medicine, are carried out both in the style of necrology and in the style of scientific biography, after the retirement or death of the professionals serving their profession. In this study, the scientific life stories of Ord. Prof. Salih Zeki Berker, Prof. M. Tevfik Başer and Prof. Burhanettin Öktem are discussed. The main material of the study consisted of the personnel files in the Archives of the Dean's Office of the Ankara University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, and the first-hand sources obtained from the Biography Archive of the History of Veterinary Medicine and Deontology Department. In addition, various books and journals in the Library of the Department were also used. The data obtained were evaluated within the methodology of history and transferred to the text in chronological order. Ord. Prof. Salih Zeki Berker, Prof. M. Tevfik Başer and Prof. Burhanettin Öktem’s academic stages, contributions to education, professional services, publishing activities and the traces they left on their colleagues are revealed. Thus, it is aimed both to contribute to the veterinary medicine biography archive and to introduce these valuable professionals to new generations.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A first look at the history of Turkish veterinary medicine with Mehmet
           Âkif (Ersoy)

    • Authors: Atilla ÖZGÜR
      Abstract: The history of the Agricultural and Civil Veterinary School in Halkalı, where Mehmet Âkif was a student first and then served as a lecturer, is in a very important place in terms of teaching veterinary medicine and agriculture in Turkey. The opening of the Halkalı Agricultural School and the opening of the Civil Veterinary School coincided with the same time period. The Civil Veterinary College was the partner of the Agricultural College opened in Halkalı in the first years. The Civilian Veterinary College was later moved to Sultanahmet, and agricultural education was continued in Halkalı. The teaching staff of the Halkalı Higher Agricultural College has published a journal called “Halkalı Ziraat Mekteb-i Âlisi Mecmuası”. Mehmet Âkif Bey (Ersoy), who was on the teaching staff of the College at that time, wrote an article containing the history of the School in the first issue of the Magazine. The article provides information about the Halkalı Agricultural College, as well as information about the beginning of the teaching of Civil Veterinary College. In the article, besides the information about Halkalı Higher Agricultural School, information about the beginning of civilian veterinary medicine education is also given. In this study, the relationship of Mehmet Âkif Ersoy's article, which was determined to be related to the history of the profession, with the research conducted on the teaching of veterinary medicine in Turkey and the history of agricultural teaching, was analyzed. The article, which contains information about Âkif's profession, was evaluated in terms of the history of veterinary medicine and presented to the field of science history and research ethics.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A study on behavior and welfare characteristics of Holstein cattle in
           manure and sand beddings

    • Authors: Müge AKDENİZ; Evrim DERELİ FİDAN
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of manure and sand bedding use on some animal welfare and behavioral characteristics in Holstein cattle. A total of 110 Holstein dairy cattle were used as animal material in the study. Cows in the barn were formed in groups of bed types (manure and sand bedding) and placed in equal numbers in two compartments with a stall length of 125x250 cm and a walking area in each group. In the research, carpal and tarsal lesions of the joints, blood serum glucose, total protein, and triglyceride statistically no-significant differences between the groups in terms of the standing time, lying/resting time, the number of steps and standing/lying frequency behavior characteristics, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, cholesterol levels in terms of the differences between the groups found to be statistically significant (P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.001). Lying/resting time was determined as 689 minutes in the sand bedding group and 638 minutes in the manure bedding group. As a result, the use of manure or sand bedding in Holstein cows of carpal and tarsal lesions in the pubic region of the impurity states that did not have a significant impact on the welfare of the cows. However, the use of a bed of sand, the positive impact of manure on the basis of response to stress results better in the group of the bed is examined and it is concluded that in terms of types of characters both can be used in Holstein dairy cattle breeding.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Intercondylar width index of the tibia in the dogs: A morphological study

    • Authors: Seyyid Said SABANCI
      Abstract: Morphological characteristics of the proximal tibia affect the orthopedic balance of the knee region. Such as the width of the condyles, tibial plateau angle, position of the patella; Intercondylar width is one of these features as well. The objectives of this study are to calculate the intercondylar width index of the tibia (ICWI) in dogs, to determine if there are gender-related differences in ICWI, and to compare the ICWI among the six breeds of dog. For these aims, the tibial bones of 84 dogs from 26 different breeds were used. The radiographs of tibias were taken, and the tibial plateau and intercondylar widths were measured. The intercondylar width index was calculated using the following formula: (intercondylar width/tibial plateau width) *100. The mean intercondylar width index of the dogs was 19.2±2.72. The index values of male and female dogs were 19.1±3.32 and 19.3±2.02, respectively. The significant differences in the index were not determined between male and female dogs, but the significant difference was determined among dogs’ breeds. The dogs in the high-risk breeds had significantly smaller eminence width index value than the dogs in the low-risk breeds related with the non-traumatic cranial cruciate ligament rupture. The results of this study suggested performing further clinical studies to evaluate whether the difference in intercondylar width index among breeds in dogs is associated with cranial cruciate ligament deficiency.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Oksfendazol, oksiklozanid ve oksfendazol-oksiklozanid kombinasyonunun
           koyun ve keçilerde biyokimyasal ve hematolojik parametreler üzerine

    • Authors: Zeynep ÖZDEMİR KÜTAHYA; Sinan KANDIR, Çağrı AVCİ
      Abstract: Mevcut araştırmada sağlıklı koyun ve keçilere oral yolla oksfendazol, oksiklozanid ve oksfendazol-oksiklozanid kombinasyon uygulamasının, farklı zamanlarda biyokimyasal ve hematolojik parametreler üzerine etkisinin belirlenmesi amaçlandı. Çalışma çapraz dizaynda 6 adet sağlıklı dişi, 1-3 yaştaki İvesi koyun ve Alpin keçi üzerinde gerçekleştirildi. Koyun ve keçilere oral yolla 7.5 mg/kg oksfendazol, 15 mg/kg oksiklozanid ve oksfendazol-oksiklozanid (7.5 mg/kg-15 mg/kg) kombinasyonu uygulandı. Kan örnekleri ilaç uygulamalarından önce (0.saat, kontrol) ve sonraki 8., 24., 72. saat ile 7. günde alındı. Biyokimyasal parametrelerden albümin, alkalen fosfataz, alanin aminotransferaz, aspartat aminotransferaz, kolesterol, trigliserid, total protein, kan üre nitrojen, kreatinin değerleri otoanalizatör cihazında belirlendi. Hematolojik parametrelerden alyuvar sayısı, hemoglobin, hematokrit, ortalama korpüsküler hacim, ortalama korpüsküler hemoglobin, ortalama korpüsküler hemoglobin konsantrasyonu, akyuvar sayısı, lenfosit, monosit, % granülosit, % lenfosit, % monosit ve % eritrosit dağılım genişliği değerleri kan hücresi sayım cihazında ölçüldü. İlaç grupları ve zamana bağlı olarak hematolojik ve serum biyokimya parametrelerinde anlamlı bir fark bulunamadı. Bu sonuçlar koyun ve keçilere oral yolla, 7.5 mg/kg oksfendazol ve 15 mg/kg oksiklozanid tek veya kombine olarak uygulandığında hematolojik ve biyokimyasal parametrelerin fizyolojik sınırlarda olduğu ve klinik olarak anlamlı bir etkisinin olmadığını göstermektedir.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Farklı işletme koşullarında ineklerin meme başlarında bovine
           papillomavirus kaynaklı gelişen siğillerin tedavisinde uygulanan
           yöntemlerin (otolog aşı ve newcastle disease virus La sota suşu)

    • Authors: Gürsel ÖZMEN; Mehmet KALE
      Abstract: Burdur-Merkez ve ilçelerinde halk elinde, farklı yapıdaki işletmelerde bulunan 106 adet dişi ineğin bovine papillomavirus (BPV) kaynaklı gelişen meme siğillerinden doku örnekleri toplandı. BPV tip spesifik primerleri açısından PCR testi ile 106 örneğin hepsinde BPV pozitiflik belirlendi. Çalışmada; işletme tipleri, bireysel hayvan bakım ve besleme koşulları, sağım koşulları ve ahır temizliği parametreler yönünden incelenerek değerlendirildi. Ayrıca, meme siğillerinin makroskobik görünümlerine göre (düz ve yuvarlak, pirinç tanesi, saplı-sivri) sınıflandırılmış, BPV tip spesifik primerleri açısından pozitiflik tespit edilmiş 30 örnekte iki farklı tedavi uygulama yöntemleri çalışıldı. Birinci grupta tasnif edilmiş 15 hayvana otojen aşı, ikinci grupta tasnif edilmiş 15 hayvana Newcastle disease virus (NDV) La Sota suş aşı uygulamaları yapıldı. Otojen aşı uygulamalarının yapıldığı, farklı makroskobik görünümlere sahip meme siğillerinde %100 gerileme ve iyileşme sağlandı. Newcastle disease virus La Sota aşı uygulamalarının yapıldığı farklı makroskobik görünümlere sahip meme siğillerinde %53,3 gerileme ve iyileşme sağlandı. İneklerde meme siğillerinin tedavisinde otojen aşı uygulamalarının daha etkin sonuçlar verdiği tespit edildi. Ayrıca, çalışmada meme siğillerinin oluşumunda; işletme, bakım, besleme, sağım, ahır temizliği ve diğer faktörlerin de etkili olabileceği yorumlandı.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of immunoglobulin G, lactoferrin and zinc levels in blood
           sera of calves fed fresh and frozen colostrum

    • Authors: Süleyman ŞENSOY; Şima ŞAHİNDURAN
      Abstract: Colostrum has high nutritional values, is more easily digestible than milk, and has a comparatively higher concentration of dry matter, fat and non-fat dry matter, protein and most importantly, immunoglobulin (Ig). The most important task of immunoglobulins is to neutralize pathogens and toxins through neuttalization. Lactoferrin is a protein product of the transferrin gene family with iron binding ability. Lactoferrin serves as a major component of the secondary granules of polymorphonuclear neutrophils and is produced by epithelial cells, including those in the mammary gland. Zinc acts as a cofactor and activator of more than 300 enzymes in different metabolic pathways and is known as a biologically important trace mineral. The aim of this study is to examine whether the immunoglobulin G, lactoferrin and zinc concentrations in colostrum, which is vital for newborn calves, show a decrease tendency by freezing. Fresh colostrum was given to one group (n=12) and frozen (-20 °C) colostrum (n=12) was given to one group and blood samples were collected after 32 hours. According to the results obtained, there was no statistical difference between the groups in the initial measurements of IgG, lactoferrin and zinc values in group 1 (fresh colostrum) and group 2 (frozen colostrum). The differences between the first and second measurements among themselves in both groups were found to be statistically significant. In the second measurements between the two groups, no statistical difference was found between the values of immunoglobulin G (p= 0.996), lactoferrin (p = 0.513), zinc (p = 0.605).
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Clinical and radiological evaluation of metacarpal fractures in calves: A
           retrospective study: 72 cases

    • Authors: Uğur AYDIN; Özgür AKSOY, Uğur YILDIZ, İsa ÖZAYDIN, Engin KILIÇ, Celal Şahin ERMUTLU, Ersin TANRIVERDİ, Mehmet TURAN, Alican YILMAZ
      Abstract: Metacarpal fractures are frequently encountered in calves especially due to dystocia. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate metacarpus fractures in calves from many aspects especially the causes of the fracture, the location and classification of the fracture and to determine the most appropriate treatment option. 72 calves diagnosed with metacarpus fracture, aged between 1 and 15 days, regardless of gender and breed, were included in the study. Calves were classified according to fracture types and treatment method. In the treatment, external fixation with Steinman pins, polyvinylchloride-fiberglass plaster supported closed or windowed bandage methods were preferred. According to the radiological examination findings, it was determined that the fractures were distal diaphyseal in 40 (55%) cases, epiphyseal in 20 (27%) cases, and middle diaphyseal in 12 (18%) cases. It was learned that 46 of 51 cases with closed fractures and bandages healed without any problem, and 5 cases died due to comorbidities (calf diarrhea, aspiration pneumonia). 5 out of 7 patients which had external fixation using Steinmann pins had an recovery without complication, meanwhile 2 patients died due to infection. Full recovery was observed in 12 of 14 patients who underwent window bandage, meanwhile it was learned that 2 patients died due to secondary infection. As a result, subtantial data that will contribute to clinical practice and literature knowledge in the causes, location, classification, and treatment of metacarpal fractures, which are frequently encountered in calves and cause loss in terms of both economic and productivity, have been revealed.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
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Heriot-Watt University
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