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Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2148-2837
Published by Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Determination of Virulence Factors in Candida albicans isolated from
           Cattle with Mastitis

    • Authors: Orçun SAV; Dilek ÖZTÜRK
      Abstract: In recent years, the importance of yeast in the etiology of bovine mastitis is increasing. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Candida albicans in milk samples collected from cows with mastitis, to identify the phenotypic and genotypic methods and to determine the virulence factors. According to the results of the surveys, 686 milk samples were collected from 178 animals with mastitis problems from 20 dairy cattle farms. Forty nine yeast isolates were obtained from these samples. Five isolates were identified as C. albicans with phenotypic tests (germ tube test, chlamydospor formation, chromogenic medium and reproduction at 45°C). Five isolates that were found to be phenotypically C. albicans were confirmed by PCR using specific primers for the C. albicans CALB1 gene. It was determined that 2 (%40) of the C. albicans isolates had ALS1 and PLB1, 1 (%20) had ALS1 and 1 (%20) had PLB1 genes and no gene were not found in 1 (%20) isolate. When the biofilm formation properties of C. albicans isolates were examined by tube adherence method, it was determined that 3 (%60) isolates were strong, 1 (%20) isolate was weak positive and 1 (%20) isolate was negative. In conclusion, in the C. albicans isolates which were isolated from cows with mastitis had ALS1 and PLB1 genes and biofilm formation.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effects of hemoglobin and albumin levels on the development of pressure
           ulcers in inpatients in intensive care clinics

    • Authors: Elçin EFTELİ
      Abstract: Pressure sores are accepted as an indicator of inadequate care all over the world. It also prolongs the length of hospital stay and increases the rates of mortality and morbidity. In our study, the effects of hemoglobin and albumen values on the development of pressure ulcers were investigated. The sample of the descriptive study consisted of 68 adults over the age of 18 who were hospitalized in intensive care clinics between November 2021 and March 2022. The mean age of the patients included in the study was 67.08±14.35 years. Of them, 42.6% were women, 17.6% were intubated, and 57.4% had the normal state of consciousness. The rate of pressure ulcer development in patients was 26.5%. In our study, it was determined that hemoglobin and albumin values in patients with pressure ulcers hospitalized in intensive care clinics were lower than those without pressure ulcers, and the difference was statistically significant.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Severe Tongue Necrosis Due to Pine Processionary Larvae Contact in Three
           Dogs

    • Authors: Mehmet Çağrı KARAKURUM; Şima ŞAHİNDURAN, Özlem BİCİCİ, Reyda KIYICI
      Abstract: Contact with the larvae of the pine processionary constitutes severe allergic reactions both in humans and animals. This study was aimed to reports clinical sings, treatment and prognosis in the three dogs who were in acute phase that contacted to pine processionary larvae. The clinical sigs included excessive salivation, halitosis and oedema, and necrosis of the tongue. Treatment was started immediately and necrotic areas disappeared. However, tissue loss was seen in the tongue during follow-up.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of Holstein and Simental farms in Burdur under the IPARD
           program in terms of profitability

    • Authors: Hasan ASAN; Mahiye Özçelik METİN
      Abstract: In this study, In Burdur, two Holstein and two Simmental dairy cattle farms with IPARD (Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance-Rural Development) support were evaluated in terms of profitability. In this context, the economic data records of the farms with 114 Holstein and 160 Simmental cows for 2019 constituted the material of the research. In the study, it was determined that the feed expenses (%63.07) took the first place in the proportional distribution of the cost elements that constitute the cost in the farms. The first line of income items of dairy cattle farms is milk income (%70.26). Within the scope of the research, financial profitability is %14.58; economic profitability %0.10; rantability factor %24.42; expense/revenue ratio %1.11; the cost of 1 kg milk was determined as 1.63 TL (0.29 $).
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparison of Perceived Burden of Patients with Heart Failure and their
           Caregivers

    • Authors: Canan DEMİR BARUTCU; Hatice MERT
      Abstract: This study was conducted to compare the perceived burden of heart failure patients and their caregivers. The descriptive and correlational study was conducted in the cardiology department and outpatient clinic of a university hospital. The study sample consisted of 95 patients and 95 caregivers who met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Sociodemographic characteristics form, Burden Interview to measure caregivers' burden and self-perceived burden scale to measure patients' burden were used as data collection tools. The relationship between patient and caregiver burden perception was examined using Pearson correlation analysis. According to the results of the research, the mean score of the patients from the self-perceived burden scale was 28.41 ± 9.72, and the score of the caregivers from the Burden Interview was 32.56 ± 18.43. It was determined that there was a moderately significant positive correlation between the patients' self-perceived burden scale and the caregivers' mean scores of the Burden Interview (r=.489 p=.000). As the burden score perceived by the patients increases, the perceived burden score of the caregiver increases. This shows that as the burden perceived by the patients increases, the perception of caregiver burden increases. It is recommended to plan interventions to reduce the burden of patients and caregivers, and to conduct research showing the effectiveness of these interventions.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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