Publisher: Gaziantep University   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Gaziantep University J. of Social Sciences     Open Access  
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Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1303-0094 - ISSN (Online) 2149-5459
Published by Gaziantep University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Fragments of Old Uyghur Sitātapatrādhāraṇī

    • Authors: Uğur UZUNKAYA
      Abstract: Old Uyghur developed on the basis of religious and non-religious literature. While non-religious literature constitutes civil documents related to daily life, religious literature mainly constitutes the translation of literary sources related to circles such as Buddhism, Manichaeism and Nestorian Christianity. Among these, Buddhism has the largest place when it comes to the translation of religious literature. In fact, Buddhism does not take place among the Uyghurs with a single school. Northern Buddhism, or Mahāyāna school, in other words, and many schools, whether they originated in India or not, are traced in Buddhist Uyghur literature. Tibetan Buddhism is also a school that has a place in the Buddhist Uyghur literature, whose existence was witnessed especially in the last period of the Qocho Uyghur Khanate [850-1250] with its literary sources. Tibetan Buddhism, which is essentially based on Vajrayāna or Tantric Buddhism and blended with the Tibetan local religion Bön, has found its place in Tibet and Mongolia today. At this point, Sitatapatrādhāraṇī, which is also the subject of this paper, is a text written in this tradition. In this paper, three fragments identified as belonging to the Old Uyghur Sitātapatrādhāraṇī and preserved today in the Berlin Turfan Collection with archival numbers U 2250 (T I [544]), U 2251 (T I [545]) and U 2252 (T I [546]) will be examined. The philological edition of these fragments, which have not been published until now, will be carried out.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Determining the Perspectives of Touristic Restaurant Operators towards the
           Ghost Kitchen Initiative: A qualitative Research in Gaziantep

    • Authors: Furkan BALTACI; Ali YILDIZ
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the ghost kitchen initiative, which continues to rise as a new phenomenon, from the perspective of restaurant business owners and managers. In this context, Gaziantep province, which was included in the creative cities network by UNESCO in 2015, was determined as the universe of the research. Of the 23 restaurant businesses operating in the destination with tourism operation certificate, 18 accepted to participate in the study and formed the sample of the research. In-depth interviews were conducted with the owners and managers of the business on 6 open-ended questions. The results obtained in the study showed that the fact that the ghost kitchen is independent from the physical space contains important weaknesses in terms of authenticity and producer-consumer communication. Another weakness is that the perception of quality regarding the whole process is shaped on timely and complete delivery. Access to the consumer, advertising, motivation for institutionalization and the advantage of physical investment are considered as the strengths of the system.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Creating A Powerful Human Resource In Municipalities: In-Service Training

    • Authors: Meryem ARSLAN
      Abstract: With new public administration approaches, staff management has given its place to the understanding of human resources management and since the beginning of the 2000s, changes have begun in municipalities with the reform of local governments. With the transition to human resources administration, the quality of the service municipalities offer, the cost of the services, and their future plans have entered into a change process. Within this process, given place to practices such as performance measurement, time management, and employee empowerment that increase the capacity of the human resources and enable them to respond effectively to citizens' demands. In-service training holds a crucial position in the strict and non-innovative institutional structure for the realization of this transformation. Responding to the expectations of citizens and providing effective and efficient service is possible with in-service training. The aim of this study is to reveal that in-service training should be given significance in order to create a powerful human resource in municipalities. In the study, the literature review was conducted, human resources administration, employee empowerment, negative situations we face in employee empowerment, in-service training were mentioned. In order to enforce human resources, the data of 80 metropolitan, provincial and county municipalities in Turkey was analyzed. The results of the research reveal that training should be continuous and in accordance with the needs to strengthen human resources, and that training should be positioned as a priority in order to empower the staff as much as possible.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Foodie Tourist Typology: A Qualitative Research on Gaziantep Restaurants

    • Authors: Ezgi KIRICI TEKELİ; Nilgün DEMİREL İLİ, Üzeyir KEMENT
      Abstract: Araştırma kapsamında ele alınan yeme içmeye düşkün turist (foodie), yeni bir turist tipi olarak kabul edilmektedir. Bu araştırma ile Gaziantep destinasyonu özelinde yeme içmeye düşkün turist tipolojisini belirlemek amaçlanmaktadır. Belirlenen amaç doğrultusunda önemli bir gastronomi şehri olan Gaziantep’te yerli ve yabancı turistler tarafından en çok ziyaret edilen restoranlar belirlenerek restoran çalışanları gözünden yeme içmeye düşkün turist tipolojisi ortaya koyulmaya çalışılmıştır. Araştırmada nitel araştırma yöntemlerinden yararlanılmış ve betimleyici fenomenoloji, araştırma deseni olarak belirlenmiştir. Ölçüt ve kartopu örnekleme yöntemlerinden yararlanarak katılımcılar tespit edilmiş ve toplam yirmi restoran çalışanı ile görüşme gerçekleştirilmiştir. Maxqda programıyla yapılan betimsel analizler sonucunda; beş ana tema, on altı alt tema, iki yüz kırk altı kod belirlenmiştir. Belirlenen temalar ve kodlar yeme içmeye düşkün turist tipolojisinin ortaya çıkmasını sağlamış olup yeme içmeye düşkün turistler; meraklılar, yöreselciler, sağlıklı beslenmeye özen gösterenler, sanatsal yaklaşanlar ve sosyalleşenler olarak sınıflandırılmıştır. En çok kodlanan ana tema meraklılar olurken en az kodlanan ana tema sanatsal yaklaşanlar olmuştur. Restoran çalışanları en çok yöresel yemekleri tercih eden yeme içmeye düşkün turistler hakkında açıklama yaparken en az yöresel baharatları tercih eden yeme içmeye düşkün turistler hakkında bilgi vermişlerdir. Restoran çalışanlarının perspektifinden yeme içmeye düşkün turist tipolojisinin saptandığı araştırmada birtakım teorik ve pratik katkılar sunulmuş ve öneriler geliştirilmiştir.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • “RİNDİN DİNİ” Rint-Zahit Çatışmasının Dinî Yönü

    • Authors: Mustafa Yunus GÜMÜŞ
      Abstract: Religious rules, by synthesizing the socio-cultural elements of the society, control the lives of individuals and are at least as effective as social norms and have the power of sanction. The most important element that distinguishes these norms from social norms is that the source of religious norms is divine, and those who do not fulfill them are considered sinful because they commit crimes, but act contrary to divine orders. There is a great struggle between the idealized rint by the Divan poets and the type of ascetic that the poets dislike and humiliate. Although there are many aspects of the conflict between them, the difference in their view of religion is one of the important reasons for the conflict between them. On the one hand, there is the rint, who keeps a distance from the rules, and on the other hand, there is the ascetic who blindly adheres to the orders and prohibitions. This confusion between two inseparable types of Divan poetry has taken its place in the poems of many Divan poets. In our study, the religious reasons for the conflict between rint and ascetic will be explained with sample couplets.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Gaziantep İli Ağızlarında Ünlü

    • Authors: Ahat ÜSTÜNER; Emine SOYYİGİT
      Abstract: In the Turkish language, word roots or stems are combined with affixes according to their phonetic harmony. Vowel or consonant sounds in a word can be effective on other sounds in the same word. The merger between the sounds in Turkish is in accordance with the rules of sound harmony. Although there are some exceptions in the written language of Turkey Turkish, this situation changes in dialects, while the phonetic harmony is more pronounced. Due to some sound events, we encounter features that are outside the rules of the standard language in dialects. These features can sometimes be the remnants of the phonetic features of an old period of the Turkish language.In this study, the vowel rounding seen in a certain region in the mouth of Gaziantep and the reasons for these roundings will be emphasized. Gaziantep is an important province with some differences in Turkish language and culture due to its geographical and historical location. As the Turks began to settle in the region, the characteristics of the Gaziantep dialect began to emerge. According to historical information, at least eighteen of the Oghuz tribes settled in Gaziantep, and this situation was also reflected in the pronunciation characteristics of the region. Due to this historical depth and geographical location, Gaziantep dialect has gained a different richness in terms of sound and shape.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Mikail KOLUTEK; Ahmet Vedat SAVAŞGÜR
      Abstract: Hatay has a special place among Turkish cities where labor migration towards Middle East countries is intense. As of the end of 1973, while Turkish workers were heading to the Middle East countries en masse, the city of Hatay reached the position of being one of the country's important labor force exporters. It is important how the migration pattern, which has a dynamic structure from the city of Hatay to the Middle East region, took place in the historical process. It is not known whether the economic gains of workers going to the Middle East and whether these gains lead to lifelong enrichment of workers. The effects of migrations from the region on the economic situation and employment structure of the city of Hatay are an important issue. It should be explained concretely why the workers from Hatay prefer the Middle East countries in the labor force migrations. In addition, the structural analysis of the workers from Hatay who went to the Middle East countries, and the migration organization established between the source and target regions are another subject that needs to be explained. In this study, which examines the labor migration from Hatay to the Middle East countries between the years 1967-2020, the subject is discussed in a multi-faceted manner. Quantitative data were collected with the snowball sampling method throughout the province of Hatay, and qualitative data were obtained through semi-structured interviews. The research data allowed many determinations to be made in terms of the historical process of migration from Hatay to the Middle East countries, the structural analysis of the workers going to the region, the organization of migration and the evaluation of economic earnings. It has been determined that the labor migration from Hatay has economic and social gains on the city and the workers.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Gastronomy Practices in Marriage Ceremonies in the Southeastern Anatolia

    • Authors: Adem ADEMOĞLU; Fügen DURLU-ÖZKAYA
      Abstract: Transition periods mean that the status and situation of individuals change. The ceremony, on the other hand, is called the time when entertainment and gastronomy practices were brought from generation to generation, embedded in the culture. Marriage is both a transitional phase and includes many gastronomic rituals. In this context, the aim of the study is to determine the gastronomic practices made in marriage ceremonies in the provinces in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. Southeastern Anatolia Region has been determined as a research area due to its cultural, historical, natural attractions and riches. The interview method was used as a data collection technique within the framework of the qualitative research approach. Purposive sampling method was used to determine the sample. For this purpose, the research was carried out through a semi-structured interview form with sixty-three (63) cultural transmitters aged fifty (50) years and over in the provinces in the region. Within the scope of the study, data were collected from people who volunteered to participate in the research about marriage, engagement, dowry receiving-spreading, wedding bath, henna night, wedding. Descriptive analysis was used to evaluate the data. According to the result obtained, it has been found that the cultural values brought by being transferred from generation to generation lose their importance day by day. It is revealed that the change in family structure, technology, urbanization, intense business life and socioeconomic factors are effective in the emergence of this situation. In the light of all these, it offers suggestions to contribute to practitioners and future research in various aspects.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Pass-Through Effect of Exchange Rates to Domestic Producer and
           Consumer Prices a Practice on Turkey

    • Authors: Rüstem YANAR; Eyüp BERK
      Abstract: With the liberalization of capital movements after 1980, many countries have transitioned to a floating exchange rate regime. The floating exchange rate regime has increased the ability of central banks to determine independent monetary policy. In this context, monetary policies for inflation targeting started to be implemented by the central banks of the countries. The increase in exchange rates as a result of the monetary policies implemented created an upward pressure on inflation. This situation is defined as the 'Pass -Through Effect' in the economics literature. In this study, firstly, information about the Transition Effect is given and then the results of the literature review on the studies on how the change in the exchange rate in Turkey affects producer and consumer prices are shown. Then, in order to determine the effect of the exchange rate on producer and consumer prices in Turkey, using the Consumer Price Index (CPI), Producer Price Index (PPI) and Nominal Exchange Rate (NDK) data, 228 monthly data covering the period from 2003 January to 2021 December were used. Analysis was done on the VAR model. According to the results, it has been observed that the NDK and CPI and PPI variables act together in the long run, and there is a causal relationship from NDK to CPI and PPI in the short run, and from CPI and PPI to NDK in the long run. In addition, it has been determined that there is a causal relationship from NDK to PPI in the long run.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship Between CDS Premiums and Foreign Equity Investments: The
           Case of Turkey

    • Authors: Zekai ŞENOL; Tuba GÜLCEMAL, Selahattin KOÇ
      Abstract: Stocks are risky assets among financial assets, and foreign stock investors make investment decisions by evaluating the risk related to the investment. Credit risk premiums are widely used in financial markets as an indicator of financial instrument, firm and country risks. In this study, it was investigated that the relationship between credit default swaps (CDS), which is a credit risk premium indicator, and foreign stock investments. In the study, Fourier Granger causality analysis was carried out using the data of 5-year CDS premiums and foreign stock investments in Turkey for the period of 11 September 2020 – 24 June 2022. In the study, unidirectional causality was determined between CDSs and foreign stock investments, that is, from CDS premiums to foreign stock investments. The results obtained are usable for investors, businesses, economic and financial decision makers.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Faş Castle in the Ottoman-Russian War of 1806-1812

    • Authors: Serhat KUZUCU
      Abstract: Most of the conquest movements were carried out in the western direction in order to seize the old Byzantine lands in Anatolia and the Balkans within the framework of the understanding of gaza and jihad since the establishment of the Ottoman Empire. After conquering Istanbul, Fatih Sultan Mehmet headed to this region in order to gain dominance in the Black Sea for the new capital and straits security. Black Sea coasts of Anatolia and Caucasia, especially Trabzon, and the Crimean Khanate was captured and the Black Sea was turned into a Turkish lake. In this period, Russia was not yet a strong state. It was trying to maintain its existence by maintaining a political balance between the other Turkish organizations in the region under the name of Moskvian Principality by taking advantage of conflicts between them. Russians appeared on the stage of history with the period of Ivan III. In this period, Tsar Ivan succeeded in bringing all the Russian Principalities under his dominance and making it a national Russian State. In this way, the Russians entered among the powerful states of the region. In this process, the Ottomans did not directly intervene in the Russian advance in the Caucasus region, as they did not see the Russians as a threat. XVIII. In the 19th century, with the Russians' full emergence on the stage of history, they became a great threat on the Ottoman lands. In order to protect its lands against the Russian threat, the Ottoman Empire didn’t neglect the maintenance, repair and repair works of the castles on the border lines, especially in the Black Sea basin, guarding them with soldiers. Faş Castle, which is one of these border castles and has a very important strategic location, is one of them. In this study, Fas Castle’s military and logistic importance that located in Western Caucasus is discussed, during the Ottoman-Russian War of 1806-1812. In the preparation of this article, first of all archival documents, which are the main sources of Ottoman historical research, and other research works related to this topic were used.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Concerning Working Poor Women and Their Poverty

    • Authors: Elife KART; Harun ÖNGÖR
      Abstract: The phenomenon of new poverty, working poverty and the feminization of poverty indicate a relational, mutually nurturing, and processual situation. Within the context of the related literature through evaluating the results of the studies concerning various countries, structural causes, determinative and distinctive characteristics of “working female poverty” are discussed in a relational context. Considering the differentiating features of ‘working female poverty’ from ‘working poverty’, some main elements such as social, economic, and household structures that feed and reproduce working female poverty are focused here from a gender perspective. Neoliberal economic policies make poverty more fragile and destructive for “working poor women” who already have multiple disadvantages due to gender inequalities. “Working female poverty” reveals more severe appearances of accumulated and reproduced and thus gradually stratified problems. “Working female poverty” allows one to reconsider women with multiple disadvantages for being both “women” and “employees” within a heteronormative structure and functioning of the labor market, for the new distinguishing elements of poverty, for different deprivations experienced by women, and reconsidering for the preventive policies to reduce working poverty. Studies including various country cases display that the proportion of “working female poverty” has gradually increased proportionately and that poverty has become more prevalent by degrees.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Space, Dıgıtal Hospıtal and Medıcıne

    • Authors: Dilek ALDEMİR; Emin YİĞİT
      Abstract: Industry 4.0, which has completely transformed the production process, is not just about smart and connected systems. While industry 4.0 includes the intertwining and fusion of digital technologies in many fields from sequencing to nanotechnology, and also includes the mutual interactions, those digital technological developments are accompanied by the neoliberal globalization process. With the practices of privatization, marketization and deregulation which are at the center of neoliberal policies, states have either relatively withdrawn from service provision or have transformed their service provision in these areas, while the process was decisive on economic, political, social, cultural and spatial transformations, Thus, areas such as health, education, etc. have been restructured by basing on market dynamics and ‘health’ became a means of capital accumulation. Therefore, in the process of the development of digital technologies, the globalization of capitalism and the reshaping of the state with a neoliberal approach, health care delivery should be re-examined altogether with its agents and actors. As a matter of fact, transformations are taking place in the digital hospital concept through information and communication technologies. The legitimacy of the developments produced by the transformations has the potential to produce some controversial dynamics (such as the loss of professionalism, new surveillance and control practices, violations of privacy). In this regard, it is examined in this paper that how digitalization and neoliberal capitalism transform the hospital as a space, the patient and the medical profession. Accordingly, the transformation of medical practices and the loss of professionalism, new surveillance and control practices and privacy are discussed.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Contributions to Nazım Hikmet’s Biography (1950-1955)

    • Authors: Ufuk ERDEM; Nilüfer AKA ERDEM
      Abstract: Nazım Hikmet, one of the important poets of modern Turkish poetry, is one of the most remarkable figures of the last century with her political, artistic and private life. Nazım Hikmet, who led a turbulent life due to his political ideas, spent many years in prison and fled abroad shortly after he was released by the amnesty law due to the fear of his life. This escape was punished by being stripped of his citizenship and he could not return to Turkey again. Therefore, the works of the author have been banned in Turkey for many years. However, he influenced many people both with his life and with his literary aspect. With the lifting of the bans on his works shortly after his death, many researches were made on the works of the author. However, it was not possible to use the records in the Turkish Diplomatic Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, especially in studies dealing with his biography, since there was a confidentiality decision about the documents. As of 2021, the removal of the confidentiality decision in the documents about Nazım Hikmet has made it possible to access new information. On this occasion, in this study, both previously little-known points about Nazım Hikmet's biography were expanded and some unknown points were revealed.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Financial Currency Fluctuations on Exports in the Candidate
           Countries for the European Union

    • Authors: Ayça PEKMEZ BAHÇECİ; Burak BÜYÜKOĞLU
      Abstract: Export is very important for developed and developing countries to maintain their growth and stability. One of the factors affecting exports the most is currency fluctuations. In the study, panel data analysis is carried out with the annual data of Serbia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Albania and Turkey, which are candidate countries for the European Union, for the period 2006-2020, considering the important relationship between these exports and currency fluctuations. The financial and export situations of the candidate countries to the European Union are taken into account. Mean group estimator (AMG) analysis was performed. According to the findings obtained from the analysis, it was concluded that the exchange rate increases in US dollars in North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey and the gross domestic product in Montenegro and Serbia positively affected the export of goods and services
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Recep ŞEHİTOĞLU; Aykut KARAKUŞ
      Abstract: The European Union (EU), which is the only unique example, has today's supranational structure with the spread of cooperation areas that started in the technical field after the 2nd World War to other sectors. This process, which started with a neo-functionalist perspective in the coal and steel sectors, made it possible to evaluate historical competition areas (such as Ruhr and Saarland) as an area of cooperation, and served as a triggering parameter in the construction of a collective and supranational structure. So much so that the customs walls that were lifted between the members of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) accelerated the economic integration by showing the Spill Over effect and resulted in the establishment of the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). In this direction, increasing dialogue, trust and communication among the members brought these communities together under a single roof, and with the Fusion Treaty (1967), it was named European Communities (EC). The increasing welfare and earnings of the members of the community, the developments in the international system made it rational for other actors to participate in the EC, and the integration spread to political areas with the effect of Take Off. Finally, with the Single European Act (SEA), a new arrangement was made to solve the obstacles to integration (internal market, competition conditions, legislation, etc.), infrastructure preparations for monetary and political union began, 1980 was the cornerstone of integration and deepening for the Community. This process, which started in a sectoral area, showed a branchingeffect with the Maastricht Agreement and the EC succeeded in establishing a unity in the common security and foreign policy, monetary and political fields by taking the name of the EU. Despite the opposition to the integration arising from the nation-state structures of the EU members in the process, the EU gave priority to the construction of the European identity (EU citizenship), and tried to develop harmony among the members with initiatives such as a flag, anthem and constitution that would resemble a nation-state in the constitutional context.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • International Cooperation During the Covid-19 Pandemic Crisis: A Realist

    • Authors: Ahmet Onur ÇATAKLI; Emirhan KAYA
      Abstract: Although COVID-19 has brought about a global health crisis that does not recognize national borders and requires a strong international cooperation, contrary to expectations, the world actors could not achieve international cooperation. States have acted in a selfish way by ignoring the needs and concerns of other countries and tried to foster their role and power in the international system. Consequently, this situation has made this study to use the assumptions of realist theory of International Relations regarding anarchy, self-interest, distribution of powers and so on. In this article, it is concluded that the conditions and motives expressed by these concepts have made the states tend to protect themselves and increase their power instead of focusing on cooperation during the health crisis. Additionally, the current situation in distribution of power, which refers to the bipolarity between the US and China has remained in effect.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • “A lot of blood gets lost here” : Class Struggle and Ideology
           in The Kitchen

    • Authors: Emine Seda ÇAĞLAYAN MAZANOĞLU
      Abstract: Arnold Wesker’s The Kitchen (1957) presents the world of labour where the two social classes, the capitalist class and the working class, with hierarchies between each other and among themselves, clash, which ends with the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie. The harsh working conditions at the restaurant, the changing pace of work, little time given by the employer to the employees to rest and socialise, and the dehumanising aspect of labour are presented through the relationships between the two social classes and also among the working class people. Hence, the aim of this paper is to argue that the relationship between the capitalist class and the working class based on labour and production and the working class people’s submission to the practices of the ruling class in The Kitchen can be analysed through the Marxist concepts of class conflict and ideology, respectively. Accordingly, it will be demonstrated that class conflict is seen not only between the bourgeoisie, the owner of the capital, and the proletariat, the agent of production, but also among the members of the proletariat of different nationalities, which is expressed through racial hatred. Furthermore, it will be displayed that the employees of the restaurant not only consciously accept the economic conditions under which they work but also reveal their cultural/artistic tastes during short breaks that are set by the employer, which shows that both work and leisure are controlled by the capitalist class.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Kent Kimliği İnşasında Girişimci Kent Yönetimleri: Gaziantep

    • Authors: Ayşen UTANIR KARADUMAN
      Abstract: This study examines the prominent factors in the construction of the urban identity of Gaziantep. For this purpose, in the study, firstly, what the concept of urban identity means and what factors are effective in the construction of urban identity are revealed. It is known that with the 1970s, American and European cities reconstructed their urban identities by incorporating the cultural elements of the cities. In the 2000s, with the effect of globalization, the process of incorporating cultural elements into the urban identity began for Turkish cities as well. While Gaziantep's urban identity is expressed with concepts such as ghazi city and industrial city; in recent years, the urban identity has been reconstructed. Gaziantep city was included in UNESCO's "Creative Cities Network" in the field of gastronomy in 2015. With the effect of this development, the identity of the city has entered the process of reconstructing with gastronomy and food culture components. One of the primary aims of the study is to explain and analyze which components come to the fore in the construction of the urban identity that emerged especially with the protection of the cuisine in Gaziantep. In the article, the relationship between the identity of the gastronomy city and the concept of the culture industry and its effect on the image of the city are discussed. Another aim of the study is to analyze the effect of the urban governance on this identity construction and its entrepreneurial character. The concept of urban entrepreneurship was developed by David Harvey to reveal the change in the way cities are managed, especially after the 1970s. According to this, the aim of becoming a center of attraction by highlighting the attractive elements of the cities is the common goal of the entrepreneurial city governance. In Gaziantep, policies and projects are carried out with the aim of being an attractive center for tourists by using cuisine and food culture. This article explains the entrepreneurial character of the city governance and its role in the reconstruction of the urban identity with examples.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Changes in Scholars’ Ways of Knowledge Production Shaped by
           Systematic Measures

    • Authors: Ming-te PENG
      Abstract: This paper considers the role played by systematic measuring in academic conducts. The introduction of entrepreneurial culture into academia fosters competitive atmospheres through its emphasis on personal merit, which entails quantitative performance measurement. As knowledge production is one of scholars’ core missions, this study aims to articulate impacts on ways of knowledge production influenced by environmental factors, comprising measuring instruments, institutional management, funding bodies and state policy. By interviewing 41 scholars in Taiwan and exploring their accounts of academic practices, this paper empirically analyses how knowledge production has been shaped by policy environments. These modifying behaviour patterns include a selection of research topics, a design for research agenda, strategies for grant applications and publications, engendering delicate changes in the epistemic properties of research. From this, it characterizes power relations between researchers, scientific communities and the state in the neoliberal age.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A Digital Approach To The Family Institution: Digital Family Agreement

    • Authors: Ahmet Faruk ÇEÇEN; Nil ÇOKLUK, Mustafa BOSTANCI, Safa ATMACA
      Abstract: The rapid changes experienced with the development of digital technologies have led to transformation in many social, economic, scientific and political areas. These changes have greatly changed the members and structure of the family, which is one of the most basic institutions of society. This situation has made discussions about the future of family communication important. The use, place and importance of technology in the family are perceived differently. In this context, the study tries to examine the radical change created by digital technologies, which have become a fundamental element of family life, in the context of parents, children and digital communication. From this point of view, the study aims to reveal a digital family contract that will create a consensus between the parent and the child for the use of digital technologies. In the study, in which the qualitative method-based interview technique was used, three separate interviews were conducted with experts, parents and children in order to create the articles of the digital family contract, and the contracts in the literature were used. As a result of the study, a digital family contract has been put forward, which includes rules that parents must comply with, children must comply with and cover common areas.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • History of April 23 National Sovereignty and Children's Day: Contributions
           of the Himaye-i Etfal Society

    • Authors: Fahrettin DÖRTKOL
      Abstract: Children's Day, celebrated as one of the most important national holidays in our country and in the KKTC, was given as a gift to the children of our country and the world, who are the elders of tomorrow, in memory of the opening of the National Congress. This holiday was celebrated with the "National Day", which started to be celebrated with the opening of the Congress on April 23, 1920, where the will of the people was manifested, and the "National Domination Day", which started to be celebrated with the abolition of the sultanate on November 1, 1922, and the Himaye-i Etfal Society since 1927. Today, it was formed by the official unification of the holidays that he proposed to be celebrated as "Children's Day" in 1935. The National Day, National Sovereignty and Children's Day, which were unified in 1935, remained as the National Sovereignty Day in law and legislation. After UNESCO declared 1979 as the “Year of the Child” due to the solution of children's problems, the TRT institution organized the Children's Festival on this date, internationalized this holiday and announced the name of the holiday to the whole world. As a commemoration of the opening of the National Congress, this holiday was given as a gift to all children of the world. Atatürk gave big importance to these celebrations until the end of his life, took part in the ceremonies personally, and gave this national holiday to the children he loved very much.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Selman ÖĞÜT; Rümeysa ÜLKÜ
      Abstract: Due to the Karabakh conflict, the long-standing problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia in the South Caucasus has resulted in the Second Karabakh War, which started on September 27, 2020. It turned into a conflict that lasted 44 days with the Karabakh War. Knowing the historical origin of the occupation of Karabakh is important for us to understand the process leading to the Second Karabakh War. For 30 years, Armenia has occupied Karabakh and its environs, which is the territory of Azerbaijan. In this process, it has closed itself to all solutions and ways of peace. It is even known that Armenia violated the ceasefire many times. However, it committed many war crimes that did not comply with international law. Similar to what happened before, the Armenian Armed Forces attacked in the Second Karabakh War. In addition, it was seen that Armenia committed many war crimes in this war. In order for a fair trial to be held, this whole process must be tried by the International Criminal Court. With the Armistice agreement signed between Azerbaijan and Armenia on November 9, 2020, the war ended, Azerbaijan gained military superiority and gained important rights. Turkey, on the other hand, sided with Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has also made statements stating that it wants to see Turkey's support and that they are united, and has received help from Turkey, especially at the point of UAV/UCAV, in accordance with the agreements made before. Turkey provided political, military and economic assistance to Azerbaijan during and after the war. This study, besides mentioning the historical origins of Karabakh and the Karabakh wars, explains the legality of Turkey’s role in the Second Karabakh War in terms of international law by making use of historical and current international treaties and documents.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • According to the Turkish Press the Foreign Aids to the 19 August 1966
           Varto Earthquake

    • Authors: Fadime TOSİK DİNÇ
      Abstract: The Varto Basin, located on the North Anatolian Fault System, has experienced many devastating earthquakes in the historical period. The earthquake, which took place in the Republic period on August 19, 1966, killed 2,529 people, became the most devastating one. The earthquake, the central base of Mus’s Varto district, has caused great damage in Mus’s Bulanik, Bingol’s Karliova and Erzurum’s Hinis, Tekman and Cat districts and their villages. After the earthquake, the Demirel’s Cabinet launched efforts to address the immediate needs of earthquake victims by mobilizing all institutions. As well as collecting aid in-kind and cash for earthquake victims through the campaigns launched by institutions and organizations in the country, many countries and their aid organizations also provided in-kind and cash aid for earthquake victim. The aid from foreign countries has undoubtedly contributed and benefited as much as the aid provided in the country to address the immediate needs of earthquakes. In this study, the issue of foreign aid sent to Turkey in the 19 August 1966 Varto earthquake was discussed and the study was prepared in the view of the information shared by the Turkish press. The study aims to reveal how many international charitable organizations, companies and individuals have demonstrated their efforts to support and assist in the times of disaster, to explore the amount of foreign aid, the countries of origin, the way it arrived and Turkey’s place in the international arena
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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