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Accents and Paradoxes of Modern Philology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2521-6481
Published by V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Homepage  [7 journals]

    • Authors: Felix ANDREEV
      Pages: 7 - 38
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the cultural study of the life and work of two famous Kharkiv women who lived and worked in Kharkiv in the second half of the XIX - first half of the XX century - Eulalia Pavlovna Kadmina and Anna Yakivna Brovar, better known as Anna Mar. The article updates the biography of Eulalia Kadmina, analyzes her creative path, emphasizes the prominent personalities of that time who had a great influence on the life of the artist (such as: Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Alexandra Dormidontovna Alexandrova-Kochetova). The article mentions the life stories of other famous women of that time - Elizaveta Dormidontivna Lavrovska, Oleksandra Valerianivna Panayeva-Kartsova, Emilia Karlivna Pavlovska. The reproduction of the image of Eulalia Pavlovna Kadmina in literature is studied, in particular in the novel "After Death" by Ivan Turgenev, in the story "Theatrical Character" by Nikolai Leskov, in the story "The Last Debut" by Alexander Kuprin and others. The author of the article researches the biography of Anna Yakivna Brovar (Anna Mar), analyzes her stories that were published in magazines of that time. Anna Mar's early works are autobiographical, the main characters of her early works are young women, lonely, disorganized, half-hungry, dreaming of love, a meeting with a courageous and good man. The fascination with Buddhism, and later the conversion to Catholicism, was reflected in the subsequent works of Anna Mar. A separate series of works is dedicated to the activities of the Polish House of Kharkiv, a public and cultural center created by the Polish community of Kharkiv. At this time, she chose European decadence and symbolism as aesthetic and spiritual landmarks. Lyrical miniatures become an artistic form of her works. The main themes of the writer's works in recent years are loneliness, death and suicide.
      PubDate: 2021-12-07
      DOI: 10.26565/2521-6481-2021-6-1
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 6 (2021)

    • Authors: Nataliia BUKINA
      Pages: 39–6 - 39–6
      Abstract: The paper is devoted to the study of the Trickster archetype in modern media culture. The attention is focused on certain literary texts – the literary heritage of the world (“The Golden House” by S. Rushdie) and Ukraine (“The Black Raven” by V. Shkliar), movies (“Joker” (2019) by Todd Phillips), the personalities of political elite (Donald Trump, V. Zelensky, Prankster Joker, etc.) and others, who made the Trickster archetype one of the key archetypes in the modern world and Ukrainian media space as well as in everyday life. For instance, in Shkliar’s novel “The Outcast. The Black Raven” – the postcolonial embodiment of the national collective unconscious injured by the traumatic Russian expansion, the role of Trickster belongs to the Black Raven – the rebel commander, defender of the Kholodnyi Yar (Cold Ravine). In another novel, “The Golden House” by S. Rushdie, Trickster is represented by twin heroes, tycoon Nero Golden and the Joker. The latter one ran for the US presidency and took office. The poetics of the composition fits into the Gothic novel scheme. Both characters are Gothic thieves demonstrating the “shadow” side of the Trickster archetype. The image of the Joker here is closely connected with American reality by means of movie and show format, where the function of the Trickster archetype is assigned to US President Donald Trump, whose image is also being demonized. In Ukraine, the role of Trickster is assumed by the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky – a comedian and showman accompanied by his colleagues from the “Studio Quarter – 95”. The atmosphere of the show deals with national politics, life and media space. The negation of the new government is reflected in Prankster Joker’s grim jokes over deputies. The global trends towards escalating infernal power of the Trickster archetype, related to the absurd motives, the sinister carnival and the madness, are expressed in the movie “Joker” (2019), with its main character Arthur Fleck as a Trickster as well. Therefore, in modern media space the interpenetration of the semiotic codes of the media, the Internet, culture and real life can be observed. The personality perceives and reproduces these signs. The Trickster archetype has become a mega media image in the collective unconscious. It brought in focus the motives of the show and the game, acquired demonic traits against the background of social dehumanization and socio-political problems.
      PubDate: 2021-12-09
      DOI: 10.26565/2521-6481-2021-6-2
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 6 (2021)

    • Authors: Anastasiia BYCHKOVA
      Pages: 61–7 - 61–7
      Abstract: The general purpose of this research is to determine the beliefs and attitudes of young people of Andalusia towards English. The information was recollected through an anonymous survey with both closed and open questions and Likert scales to obtain the largest possible number of informants from different social groups with different degrees of studying in various specializations. We have analysed the beliefs and attitudes of the informants towards learning English as a foreign language and their positions regarding the importance of this language in different aspects of daily and professional life. The aim of the work is to carry out a sociolinguistic study about the attitudes of young Andalusians and the possible factors that in their opinion influenced the formation of their beliefs towards English as a global language. As one of the crucial factors that influences the opinions of young people all over the world, we also paid attention to the linguistic policy carried out by Spanish government as well as the Andalusian one. As a result, we managed to obtain a spectrum of factors that play an important role in the formation of the linguistic beliefs and their posterior development into the attitudes towards the phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2021-12-09
      DOI: 10.26565/2521-6481-2021-6-3
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 6 (2021)

    • Authors: Tetiana CHERKASHYNA, Bohdan PARAMONOV
      Pages: 72 - 100
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the reviewing of theoretical aspects of nonfiction literature. Similar in semantic content, but not identical terms as nonfictional literature, nonfictional writing, literature of fact, factography, fiction-documentary literature, fiction-documentary prose, fiction-documentary writing, literary nonfiction, literature of non-fiction, nonfictional prose, factual narrative, which have become commonly used in American, Spanish, Ukrainian, French, Slavic terminology, are analyzed. All these terms refer to a set of texts written on the basis of real events without the use of fiction. Typical features of this type of literature are the synthesis of documentary components and fiction, veracity, factuality, authenticity, objectivity, the use of real names, dates and geographical indications. At the same time, the reflection of real events and their participants is presented through the prism of the author’s self, and therefore subjectivity, personal component, merging of images of the author and the narrator are added to the leading features of nonfiction literature. The article focuses on the main structural and typological branches of nonfiction literature – historical nonfiction, literary biography, fictional journalism and memoirs. In compiling this classification, the main object of the non-fiction narrative was taken into account in the first place; sources of documentary information; varieties of author's presence in the text (in particular, as an outside observer, witness or main character); subjective factor of personal participation in the events described in the work, or personal acquaintance with the direct participants in the events; genre-typological characteristics of nonfictional works. The article highlights the main typological characteristics of each type of non-fiction, analyzes their genre system, presents the characteristics of varieties and subvarieties. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of memoirs, which is a complex and multilevel type of non-fiction, which, in turn, consists of several subvarieties – the memoirs, the autobiography, the diary, the epistolary. The article differentiates the subvarieties of memoir literature, considers options for the synthesis of its types and forms.
      PubDate: 2021-12-09
      DOI: 10.26565/2521-6481-2021-6-4
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 6 (2021)
           “CATONE ANTICO”

    • Authors: Dario ROMANO
      Pages: 101 - 120
      Abstract: On the 100th anniversary of Eugenio Corti’s birth (1921-2014), the article reports on the first study conducted on the material that the Italian author used to draft his historical novel Catone l'antico (Ares, Milan 2005). This is the third element of a trilogy defined by Corti himself as “racconti per immagini” (stories in images), since he has adopted a new literary style, very close to the languages of cinema, television and computers. The essay examines the genesis of the novel in order to understand how a modern writer tackles the times of an ever-evolving artistic production and it also determines any debts and credits of his creative work. Along a survey of Catone's preparatory material (whose summary is at the end of the article), it is possible to outline the main directions of Corti's research as well as to analyse the work from different perspectives, even to connect it to the rest of the author’s production. All things considered, the study proves that Eugenio Corti does not change his writing purposes, as his literary topics do. Through the life of a Roman man (ancient only for historical distance), the author of Il cavallo rosso (The Red Horse) continues to demonstrate how it is false the idea of freedom to live happy and free without man's wickedness. That was also an idea of the Communists, who have always censored the writer, through part of the leading and intellectual class of Italy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-09
      DOI: 10.26565/2521-6481-2021-6-5
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 6 (2021)

    • Authors: Iryna SKRYPNIK
      Pages: 121 - 142
      Abstract: The article addresses the phenomenon of identity as it is described in modern multicultural literature and analyzes language means applied to actualize the basics of the notion of identity – opposition we-they. The phenomenon of identity, the spotlight of different scientific works due to its immense complexity and multifaceted nature, is of special interest for linguistic studies due to the unique ability of literary texts to reflect the reality and the power of language means to convey certain ideas and messages. The sense of belonging which is as essential for human beings as any other, is strictly determined by the opposition we-they. For the purpose of more profound understanding of this dyad that seems to govern and regulate personal and social interactions between people a number of approaches suggested by different scientists – sociologists, philosophers – have been examined. It seems that the presence of the “Other” predisposes a person’s existence and self-realization as it would be probably impossible to define oneself without recognition from the “Other”. The availability of the “Other” as the required element of our existence, the way we see it, determines the outcome of the interaction at any level. The boundaries that are set by the opposition “we-they” mean striving for recognition. The figure of the “Other” regarded as the enemy is triggered off by a wide range of conceptual metaphors (the metaphor of roots, of mirror, of haziness etc.) verbalized by various language means. Language itself is seen as one of the main means and a powerful tool of setting boundaries and defining oneself and has its specific role in the texts analyzed.
      PubDate: 2021-12-09
      DOI: 10.26565/2521-6481-2021-6-6
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 6 (2021)
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Heriot-Watt University
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