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Journal of Cognitive Sciences & Human Development
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2462-1153 - ISSN (Online) 2550-1623
Published by UNIMAS Publisher Homepage  [7 journals]
  • The Potential of Game-based Micro-learning Resources for Engaging Learners
           with Intercultural Competence Development

    • Authors: Sylvester Arnab, Ludmila Walaszczyk
      Pages: 1 - 22
      Abstract: This article discusses the potential of the application of interactive micro-learning content that aims to develop intercultural competences in the workplace, focusing on the pedagogically-informed design of playful interactive learning resources for engaging learners with topics related to cultural risks. Eight topics were identified through our engagement with 154 personnel from multicultural organisations across five European countries, including cross-cultural awareness, stereotypes, and communication. A competence map was then developed, articulating the specific aspects of these topics, which informed online content development. Findings from the evaluation of the online educational materials across the five countries (n=223 participants) suggest the significance and relevance of the topics in the workplace and the value of using playful micro-resources for delivering topics that were deemed less attractive.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4741.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Journeys Toward Growth: A Qualitative Study on Motivation for Healing,
           Coping Strategies, and Areas of Growth among Iban Cancer Survivors

    • Authors: Aina Razlin Mohammad Roose, Alexsandra Simbah Endawi
      Pages: 23 - 43
      Abstract: This study explored cancer survivors’ life experiences in moving towards growth. Four Iban participants were interviewed and the data were thematically analysed. This paper concludes that the cancer diagnosis impacts participants mentally, emotionally, and physically. Spiritual strategy is the most used coping strategy, and participants were highly motivated by social support. Participants also reported to experience growth mostly in the area of relationship with others. It implies that the findings of this study are able to expand posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Asians literatures and contribute as references for counsellors and psychologists to develop appropriate psychological interventions that suit the patients’ culture. Further explorations on the spiritual and social elements for psychological interventions among Asian cancer patients are recommended.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4782.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Motivation to Read Authentic Narrative Texts: A Focus on Pre-University
           Students in an ESL Class

    • Authors: Keezrawati Yusuf
      Pages: 44 - 53
      Abstract:   Second Language (L2) instructors often use authentic text, although it is designed for real-world communication among speakers of a target language. However, it is criticised for being too complex for L2 learners. This study explores the level of acceptance of 85 pre-university students of authentic narrative text in their ESL lessons and the factors that influence their reading motivation. The quantitative data were collected using a 9-item questionnaire. The findings show that the students had a high acceptance of reading authentic narrative texts in the classroom. Their motivation was positively correlated with the length of the text, level of interest, relevance and appropriateness of the storyline. This study supports the use of authentic narrative texts in ESL classrooms.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4505.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Knowledge of Dyslexia among Teacher Trainees in Malaysia

    • Authors: Izzati Suffiah, Julia Lee Ai Cheng
      Pages: 54 - 76
      Abstract: Teacher trainees are a critical group of professionals responsible for identifying students with dyslexia in schools. This study aimed to examine the common understanding and misconceptions concerning dyslexia among Malaysian primary school teacher trainees. The study was conducted using a set of questionnaires known as the Knowledge and Belief about Developmental Dyslexia Scale (KBDDS) developed by Soriano et al. (2015) to investigate teachers' general knowledge, symptoms and diagnosis, and treatment of dyslexia. The questionnaire consists of 36 questions that require a true or false answer. Ninety-nine teacher trainees participated in the study. The results showed that there was a moderate proportion of teacher trainees who were not familiar with dyslexia in terms of general information (34%, n = 39), symptoms and diagnosis (23%, n = 23), and treatments (32%, n = 32). Based on the results, we can conclude that there were teacher trainees who were unfamiliar with dyslexia regarding the general information, symptoms and diagnosis, and treatments. Teacher trainees need to master every aspect of dyslexia because it will help them to enhance their skills in teaching students with dyslexia. This study's implication for improving pre-service teacher training programs for preparing teacher trainees to master the issues related to learning disabilities, special education, and especially dyslexia are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4685.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Mukbang and Me: Implications on Cognition and Physical Well-Being among

    • Authors: Rosnnie Jenging, Fitri Suraya Mohamad
      Pages: 77 - 93
      Abstract: Mukbang has become a global eating trend, especially among youths. Mukbang is mainly prevalent on social media platforms and has become addictive content for many who follow such videos. This study explores the effects of watching mukbang on cognitive functions, health problems and social interaction patterns. The study uses neurofeedback to analyse the brainwaves of selected participants who are university-going youths and have a regular habit of watching Mukbang every day. Two situations were recorded using neurofeedback; the first is only watching Mukbang passively, while the other is where the participant watched Mukbang and ate something simultaneously. A beta and alpha brainwave data were chosen to be analysed. Findings showed that the beta brainwave was recorded the highest in watching mukbang passively while the alpha was the highest during watching and eating mukbang. The result shows that anxiety, excitement, and focus were associated with the highest beta waves, while optimal cognitive performance was related to the activation of the upper alpha wave. The analysis provides a perspective to understand the effect of Mukbang on youths, specifically those currently studying at the tertiary level. The study links how idle interest in Mukbang affects cognitive activities and potentially triggers bingeing, worsening the relationship with food. Future research should examine how Mukbang encourages the diet Mukbangers would be tempted to adopt as daily food intake and how it affects long-term cognitive development among university-going youths.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4901.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Global Research Trends on Prosocial Behaviour: A Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Zi Ning Yi, Norashikin Mahmud
      Pages: 94 - 114
      Abstract: This article describes a quantitative investigation of prosocial behaviour (PSB) research in bibliometric analysis. This bibliometric study focuses on the global research trends followed using Scopus Database. The main variables used for analyses of this study were by year, source, affiliation, author, country, area of a subject, and document type. The analysis of CiteScore, total publications, total citations, and h-index was done to rank the top contributors. The first research article on PSB was published in 1967, followed by the most recent publications in 2020. A total of 3,644 publications have been found during these 53 years. The author keywords and co-occurrences have been represented by bibliometric maps using VOSviewer 1.6.16. This study found an increase in the research trend for PSB, which was mainly published in seven (7) different publishers' journals. Amongst these, American Psychological Association, Wiley, and Frontiers are the three top publishers with 4.61%, 4.23%, and 4.21% contribution to the total publications. Findings regarding the top 15 most prolific authors showed that most of the authors related to PSB were from the United States, followed by Italy, Canada, and only one from Netherlands, Germany, and Chile. Further, most of the PSB research work was done in psychology. Overall, this study provides an evidence base, highlighting global trends and directions of research work published on PSB, adding value to the existing body of knowledge, and paving the way for future researchers.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.3891.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Psychoeducation and Family Intervention by Parents of Children with
           Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder: A Comprehensive Review

    • Authors: Beaverly Swee Yan Sin, Julia Lee Ai Cheng
      Pages: 115 - 138
      Abstract: Attention Deficiency Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that encompasses attention deficit and/or hyperactivity-impulsive issues. Parents, teachers, and caregivers are responsible for identifying children with ADHD by observing their social and emotional behaviour, examining their retention ability, and identifying their learning problems to provide the necessary remediation. This comprehensive review of over 54 articles examining the effectiveness of psychoeducation and suitable home-based therapy for children with ADHD was published between 1987 and 2022. It analysed concrete strategies parents can apply in delivering constructive teaching and training techniques for their children with ADHD in the home setting. Findings showed that the parental role is crucial in helping children with ADHD to self-regulate, reducing symptoms and potential comorbidities of ADHD, overcoming learning disabilities and improving the parent-children relationship via psychoeducation and family intervention.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4745.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Work-life Integration and Mental Health Issues among Higher Education

    • Authors: Siti Aisyah Panatik, Errna Nadhirah Kamalulil, Junaidah Yusof, Khairul Azmi Ishak
      Pages: 139 - 156
      Abstract: The multiple roles and responsibilities assigned to staff members in public tertiary education have led to an imbalance of work and life interface, which eventually affected their mental health. Therefore, this study aims to examine the influence of work-life integration on mental health among staff who are working at a higher education institution in Johore, Malaysia. This study utilized a quantitative approach, in which a set of questionnaires was distributed through an online survey. A total of 137 respondents participated in this study. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics via SPSS Version 26 and SmartPLS 3.0. The findings indicated that the level of work-to-life integration and life-to-work integration is ranked between moderate to high, and moderate to low, respectively. The level of mental health is indicated at a moderate level. This study also found that work-life integration has a significantly positive influence on mental health.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.3742.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Locating Logic Faculty in the Mental System

    • Authors: Mohamed Eusuff Md Amin
      Pages: 157 - 169
      Abstract: Taken from Chomsky’s Knowledge of Language (1986), it is noted that logical form (LF) is not a direct reflection of deep structure (D-structure). It has induced a question, where is then 'logic' located in the human psychology (in the sense of the mind-system) if it is not in the D-structure. To answer this question, we will try to see how different languages (in this paper, English, Malay and Turkish) are structured differently on the surface (S-structure) yet can have the same internal syntax (D-structure). However, when there is a change in semantics (in the sense of intended meaning), a change in LF is noted, although the D-structure might remain the same. Making sense of this, we argue that D-structure is not the innermost faculty of the human innate system (mind) but rather, how S-structure is to D-structure, that is how D-structure is to the human logic faculty. In other words, with D-structure, logic faculty is more profound.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4533.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Learning at Work: Maximising the Potential of Lifelong Learners at the

    • Authors: Asrif Yusoff
      Pages: 170 - 178
      Abstract: Lifelong learners are individuals who pursue learning as a voluntary and self-driven vocation. Given their commitment to continual improvement, an organisation's lifelong learners can potentially increase performance overall. This study aims to identify the factors that motivate lifelong learners to pursue lifelong learning and the challenges that they face in attaining this goal. In doing this, a group of employees across three organisations was selected based on their performance on three online learning platforms. They were then interviewed to gain an understanding of their specific motivations and challenges in pursuing self-directed learning. Three considerations were made for the organisations when planning and investing in the appropriate interventions to enable and support lifelong learning within their organisations based on the factors and barriers that were discovered from the interviews.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.3735.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Mobile Public Transportation Application: Factors Influencing Urban Rail
           Transit Passengers' Use

    • Authors: Saraswaty Nur Husnina, Safizahanin Mokhtar, Muhammad Zaly Shah Muhammad Hussein, Zuhra Junaida Mohamad Husny Hamid, Gobi Krishna Sinniah, Nabila Abdul Ghani
      Pages: 179 - 198
      Abstract: This paper thoroughly explored and discussed the factors that affect Mobile Public Transportation Applications usage among urban rail transit passengers. To do so, a model known as the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) was chosen to determine the significant factors influencing mobile application usage among passengers in Klang Valley, Malaysia. During its primary data collection, an online survey was deployed to 109 passengers using an online survey platform. According to the modal split analysis, most female students and private-sector employees aged 18-29 years use the Mobile Public Transportation Application with route projection during an emergency, depending on the mobile application facilitating conditions. Moreover, based on the factors analysis' result, facilitating conditions are an essential factor compared to the other constructs. However, the study's findings might be biased towards a certain age and gender group due to its respondent reach. Therefore, an equal number of respondents in various age and gender groups is highly recommended for future research to fully grasp the factors that may affect passengers using the Mobile Public Transportation Application in urban mobility.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4395.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
  • Screen Time and Psychological Well-Being among Children: The Moderating
           Effect of Parenting Styles

    • Authors: Mohtaram Rabbani, Simin Hosseinian, Nur Hidayah Binti Zulkharnain
      Pages: 199 - 208
      Abstract: Children nowadays are reported to have low psychological well-being when exposed to too much screen time. Children usually imitate their parents' or adults' behaviour towards screen time or gadgets usage. Parents who spend too much screen time result in excessive screen time in their children, which leads to various problems in their social and cognitive development. This study aims to determine how parenting styles affect children's screen time and psychological well-being. In this context, screen-time is the amount of time spent on gadgets with the screen to watch videos, movies, or play games. To test the hypothesis that the amount of screen time does affect children's psychological well-being, an online survey was distributed and circulated among parents or primary caregivers staying in Kuala Lumpur and taking care of a child aged 3-6 years old. A series of questionnaires, including ones on demographic data, parenting style and domains, and strengths and challenges, are included in the survey. The analysis was conducted using Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis in SPSS. There was a significant correlation between the amount of screen time and psychological well-being. The relationship between parenting style and the amount of screen time was not significant. Next, the interaction between the amount of screen time and parenting style was found to be not significant. Hence, the study concludes that parenting style does not affect the relationship between children's screen time and psychological well-being.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.33736/jcshd.4555.2022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
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