Publisher: American Portuguese Studies Association   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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J. of Lusophone Studies     Open Access  
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Journal of Lusophone Studies
Number of Followers: 0  

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ISSN (Online) 2469-4800
Published by American Portuguese Studies Association Homepage  [1 journal]
  • From the Editor. . .

    • Authors: Marguerite Harrison, Jeremy Lehnen
      Abstract: With this issue of JLS, we are pleased to launch a new section of the journal devoted to translation. We are especially interested in receiving short submissions featuring the work of young, rising authors. Our journal aims to highlight their works and expand their reach beyond the Lusophone world, as well as enhance our readers’ curricular materials and pedagogical resources. We accept submissions in poetry, short fiction and excerpts of longer fictional works. Submissions should include the original text (for evaluation purposes), bibliographic reference to the original publication, translation, as well as translator and author bios (150 words each). Translators are required to secure written permissions prior to submission.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Narratives of the Apocalypse: An Introduction

    • Authors: Chloe Hill, Victoria Saramago
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Ideas of the apocalypse have long consumed the popular imagination. For as long as individuals have imagined the Earth’s beginnings, so, too, have they imagined its end. Contemporary culture popularized the belief that the world would end in December 2012, supposedly following the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar used by ancient Mayan civilizations. Religions the world over boast eschatologies that feature a prophet’s return, the resurrection of the dead, and a final judgment. These imaginaries, however, proliferate beyond the theological in cultural artifacts such as literature, art, film, and music. Their secular appeal, more than bookending history for the faithful, reveals the ways in which the apocalypse helps us make sense of the world.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Remembering the Future: The End of the World Survivors and Contemporary
           Brazilian Imagination

    • Authors: Luz Horne
      Pages: 8 - 29
      Abstract: This paper explores the connection between a contemporary global catastrophic imaginary and an imaginary of a Brazilian territory impregnated with the future. It attempts to shed light on the epistemological tie between current ecological, social, and political devastation, on the one hand, and a colonial, industrial, monumental, and extractivist order, on the other. A spatiotemporal imagination has emerged in contemporary aesthetics that questions the basic tenets of Western modern epistemology through survival and material remains. Focusing on the film Serras da desordem (2006), directed by Andrea Tonacci, and the novel Dentes negros (2011), by André de Leones, both centered on the figure of the survivor, I argue that this figure and the materiality of what remains after the “end of the world” enable an anachronic and nonbinary vision of time and space—the basis from which to refute the epistemological core of the modern and colonial project.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Lu Ain-Zaila’s Sankofa and Brazilian Afrofuturism: Akan Philosophy and
           Black Utopia in a Postapocalyptic World

    • Authors: Emanuelle K.F. Oliveira-Monte
      Pages: 31 - 53
      Abstract: This article examines how Lu Ain-Zaila’s postapocalyptic Duologia Afro-Brasil 2408—(In)Verdades: Ela está predestinada a mudar tudo (2016) and (R)Evolução: Eu e a verdade somos o ponto final (2017)—places Akan philosophy at the center of her Afrofuturistic project. Ain-Zaila builds her narrative around Ghanaian Adinkra symbols, using them as moral and ethical guidelines for her characters and as tools for readers to reflect. I propose that her literary project provides an alternative to the Western philosophical tradition, one that emphasizes Afrocentrism and Afro-Brazilian consciousness and experience. I also argue that her duology envisions a utopic future based on Black people’s ancestral knowledge and Afro-Brazilians’ struggles for recognition, equality, and social justice.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Island Narrative and Bridge- Building: Postapocalyptic Isle of Love in
           Agualusa’s Os vivos e os outros

    • Authors: Wang Yuan
      Pages: 55 - 75
      Abstract: This essay reads Os vivos e os outros, a novel published in 2020 by Angolan writer José Eduardo Agualusa, as a rewrite of both Luís de Camões’s Ilha dos Amores (Isle of Love) in Os Lusíadas and Friedrich Nietzsche’s Glücklichen Inseln (Blessed Islands) in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Drawing on the iconic elements of love from Camões and the will of creation from Nietzsche, while challenging the spatiotemporal settings of the classic island narrative in a postapocalyptic setting, Agualusa engages in renovating the island metaphor by examining the fundamentals of contemporary African literary production, conveying his belief that a successful outward projection of African voice relies on finding its connections with the people and the (is)land.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A escrita do apocalipse em Estuário de Lídia Jorge

    • Authors: Dora Nunes Gago
      Pages: 77 - 95
      Abstract: This article analyzes apocalyptic thought and writing in Lídia Jorge’s most recent novel, Estuário (2018). In this novel, the protagonist, Edmundo Galeano fears an unavoidable apocalypse, becoming the messenger for the end of the world yet at the same time its potential savior. Taking into account the theoretical contributions of Moylan, Rosenfeld, and Chassay, among others, we discuss how the intersection of the idea of apocalypse and the act of writing serves as a path toward the protagonist’s personal development and how Edmundo Galeano’s journey is represented through a bildungsroman with special characteristics. Our analysis is guided by two fundamental questions: What specificities does the representation of the apocalypse in this work have' What place may there be for hope'
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Last Men of the Lusosphere: Postapocalypse in Twenty-First- Century Novels
           from Angola and Brazil

    • Authors: Benjamin Burt
      Pages: 97 - 119
      Abstract: Angolan author Pepetela’s O quase fim do mundo (2008) and Brazilian writer Luiz Bras’s Sozinho no deserto extremo (2012) begin with a similar event: the instantaneous disappearance of almost all human life. From this point, the two novels’ portraits of postapocalypse diverge as both authors consider multiple functions of apocalyptic narration. This article begins by comparing the works’ respective depictions of apocalypse with a focus on didactic revelation, social critique, and hope for renewal. Departing from the religious apocalypticism associated with earlier Lusophone literature, these texts prioritize secular critique of globalized capitalism and offer skeptical visions of societal rebirth. While the immediate future appears dim for both novels’ survivors, the article’s final section argues that the texts subtly model a decolonial turn rooted in the embrace of Amerindian and traditional African ontologies suppressed since colonialism.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Toxic Crops and Eco-Zombies: An Ecocritical Reading of Corpos secos (2020)

    • Authors: Leila Lehnen
      Pages: 121 - 142
      Abstract: This essay explores how the Brazilian novel Corpos secos (Geisler et al. 2020) employs the discourse of toxicity, condensed in the metaphor of zombification, to imagine what Jason Moore has called the Capitalocene. My analysis of Corpos secos shows how, in its current iteration, capitalism as an ecological regime is pushing against the limits of environmental sustainability, against the limits of what Moore calls Nature, as it seeks continuous growth. In the novel, the coproduction of nature, impelled by greed (a recurring allegory of capitalism), goes terribly wrong, generating toxic biomes and, ultimately, destroying humanity or humanness as zombies take over Brazil. Beyond ecological crisis, in Corpos secos, zombification also becomes a metaphor for the necropolitical dimension inherent in late capitalism.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Suicidal Cows and Fields of Worms: Apocalyptic Agribusiness in Brazil and
           Argentina

    • Authors: Eduardo Leão
      Pages: 144 - 167
      Abstract: Latin American literature has responded to the environmental crises that have reawakened our apocalyptic imaginaries beyond twentieth-century nuclear fears. This essay focuses on two South American novels that engage with the damage caused by agribusiness in Brazil and Argentina: De gados e homens (2013), by Ana Paula Maia, and Distancia de rescate (2014), by Samanta Schweblin. I argue that these works not only feature apocalyptic tropes but also oppose the destructive forces of agribusiness by staging different practices of care that involve a closer relationship with the environment: in the Brazilian case, through an openness to the shared vulnerability of people and other animals; in the Argentinian case, through a proactive and retroactive thinking that both anticipates and reevaluates risk by mimicking the bonds between parent and child.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Pissing Out the Poisons of the Past: Rui Lage’s Ambivalent Portrait of
           Rural Portugal in Estrada nacional

    • Authors: Peter Haysom
      Pages: 169 - 191
      Abstract: Over several decades, Portugal has experienced significant demographic and economic decline within its inland rural settlements, alongside substantial population growth in its urban centers and coastal communities. These transformations have contributed to widespread fears and laments of “o fim do mundo rural” in contemporary public discourse and cultural production, all of which is a starting point for studying the poetry of Rui Lage (b. 1975). Concentrating primarily on Lage’s Estrada nacional (2016), this essay argues that despite the seemingly “elegiac” manner in which the poet depicts rural settlements and landscapes in twenty-first-century Portugal, his 2016 collection presents an ironic, ambivalent, and resistant approach toward “mourning” Portuguese rural communities. Furthermore, this text maintains that Lage repeatedly undermines, destabilizes, and reacts against extant preconceptions of “rural loss” and bucolic nostalgia in contemporary Portuguese society, while critiquing anthropocentric attitudes toward existence and survival within Portugal’s contemporary natural environment.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Apocalipse Queer como teatro total em António Variações e
           David Bowie

    • Authors: Luis Carlos S. Branco
      Pages: 193 - 212
      Abstract: In this essay, I analyze the oeuvre and performance of the Portuguese singer and songwriter António Variações, in parallel with David Bowie. I examine the apocalypse queer imaginary present in their work and artistic personas. In different decades and countries, both were interventional in gender issues. For this, they used ancient apocalyptic universes in their musical work, instilling them with a personal and queer postmodern vision. To some extent, both were—Variations in Portugal in the 1980s and Bowie in England in the 1970s—apocalyptic gay messiahs. I examine the lyrics of two of their most significant songs in the fin-desiècle context, using José Bragança de Miranda’s and Jacques Derrida’s theories about the apocalyptic to frame them.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Apocalipse social audiovisual: Os ciborgues nas paisagens sonoras do
           ciberpunk lusófono

    • Authors: André Malhado
      Pages: 214 - 233
      Abstract: This article discusses the theoretical problem of defining an audiovisual Lusophone cyberpunk world through its sonic environment. The study explores a sample of nine audiovisual narrative media to defend that Lusophone art represents a social apocalypse linked to a trend in dystopian fiction and outlined through soundscapes and cyborgs constituted by continuous realms of geology-life, nature-culture, and voice-body. I ask: What are the acoustic ecologies of the apocalypse' How is the audiovisual representation of technoscientific spaces and bodies capable of creating a Lusophony' My analytic method is qualitative, and the interdisciplinary perspective crosses tools from musicology, sociology, and posthumanism. I conclude that there is a ventriloquial and ecocritical voice where humans and nonhumans relate. The appearance of these posthuman geo-subjects, defined by hybrid conditions, question racialization processes through the timbres they adopt. Another aspect is that music, everyday sounds, and Lusophony markers express resistance forms in technoscientific societies.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • They’re Just Rehearsing

    • Authors: Bernardo Carvalho, Rex P. Nielson
      Pages: 235 - 239
      Abstract: They’re just rehearsing. At the same time as the two actors exit the left wing andmove across the platform towards the center of the stage, a man enters the darkhall, and with him, a flicker of five o’clock light through the crack in the door leftajar, separating the auditorium and the street, where the day continues its coursewith a buzzing of horns, motors, and sirens. The director, in the fifth row, reacheswith his hand, touching the thigh of his assistant, to say something in her ear, whilethe lighting tech interrupts the joke he was whispering to the technician by his sideon the mezzanine now that the scene has started again. . .
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Aidoo, Lamonte, and Daniel F. Silva, editors. Lusophone African Short
           Stories and Poetry after Independence: Decolonial Destinies. Anthem Press,
           2021.

    • Authors: André Corrêa de Sá
      Pages: 241 - 243
      Abstract: For too long, debates in the field of Lusophone African studies tried to stay independent from the ideas of race or racism. Partly, this may have been a response to the fact that a great number of the prominent authors from Angola, Mozambique, or Cabo Verde were, and still are, doing their business within the Portuguese literary industry, both in material and affective terms: They publish their books in Portugal, with Portuguese publishers, and they sell them to a Portuguese audience—the kind of audience that had been instructed over the course of nearly five decades to make its self-image consistent with the New State claim that Portugal was historically a non-racist society.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Nascimento, Evando. O Pensamento Vegetal: a Literatura e as Plantas.
           Civilização Brasileira, 2021.

    • Authors: Andressa Maia
      Pages: 244 - 248
      Abstract: A etimologia do verbo ‘vegetar’ apresenta significados múltiplos e contraditórios, podendo expressar tanto o ato de crescer e desenvolver-se, usualmente empregado no contexto vegetal, como também, a ausência de interesse, atividade mental e mobilidade, quando empregado para referir-se a seres humanos. A contradição inerente à construção e emprego de significados deste verbo é o ponto de partida de Evando Nascimento em seu mais recente livro de ensaios intitulado O Pensamento Vegetal: a Literatura e as Plantas.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Freitas, Adelaide. Smiling in the Darkness. Translated by Katherine F.
           Baker, Bobby J. Chamberlain, Reinaldo F. Silva, and Emanuel Melo, foreword
           by João de Melo, Tagus Press, 2020.

    • Authors: Laura Vieira
      Pages: 249 - 251
      Abstract: Saudade, esse ícone vernacular da lusofonia, é talvez a palavra mais usada pelos portugueses que deixam Portugal. Não apenas pela referência anedótica à sua intraduzibilidade, sempre a epígrafe das histórias de deslocamento, mas também pela inevitabilidade do próprio sentimento. Porém, um país marcado pela emigração tanto oferece os seus ao estrangeiro, quanto conserva as cicatrizes deixadas pela falta dos que se foram. Smiling in the Darkness, de Adelaide Freitas, conta dessas marcas, e daqueles que convivem com elas, ou seja, a outra face da moeda da saudade.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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