Publisher: Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica - IPOPS   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Interacciones. Revista de Avances en Psicología     Open Access  
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Interacciones. Revista de Avances en Psicología
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2411-5940 - ISSN (Online) 2413-4465
Published by Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica - IPOPS Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Perception of individual and group discrimination among LGB individuals in
           Puerto Rico: A descriptive study

    • Authors: Caleb Esteban; Juan Aníbal González-Rivera
      Abstract: Background: Discrimination is one or more unjustified negative behaviors towards a person based on one or more characteristics of that person. In the case of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons, they have been constant victims of stereotypes, prejudices, and discrimination around the world. However, few scientific studies explore the experiences of discrimination in Puerto Rico, since most studies have focused on negative attitudes, prejudice, and social distance. Objective: The aims of this brief report are 1) to describe in detail the relative importance of the quality of the items of the Perceived Discrimination in the LGB Community Scale, and 2) to describe the experiences of discrimination both at the individual and group level of an LGB sample according to the order of relative importance found. Method: This research had a quantitative method with a descriptive study design, instrumental type. To meet the objective of this study, the data collected in each item was independently evaluated to examine the experience and perception of each participant in the situation presented by each premise. A non-probability sample of 300 LGB participants was recruited in Puerto Rico. Results: The area with the highest reported experiences of individual discrimination was the relationship category (M=.700), followed by psychological (M=.630), society/environmental (M=.566), family/employment (M=.566) and physical (M=.386) respectively. The area with the highest perceptions of group discrimination reported by the sample was the education/health category (M = .882), followed by culture/society (M=.827), politics (M=.803), maternity/paternity (M=.802) and locality (M=.791) respectively. Conclusion: When analyzing all the items, it was observed that the results of the first 22 positions according to the Relative Importance Index, correspond to the experiences of discrimination in a group way. This means that people perceive greater discrimination as a group than the discrimination they perceive about their own person.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -040
       
  • Theory of Planned Behavior in predicting condom use in Latin-American
           Women

    • Authors: David Javier Enríquez-Negrete; Ricardo Sánchez-Medina, Susana Xóchitl Bárcena-Gaona, Itzel Guadalupe Chávez-Santos
      Abstract: Background: The theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is used to predict condom use. The present study assessed the causal relationships of the TPB in a cultural context different from the one that was proposed. Objective: To assess the causal relationships among the variables proposed by the TCP to determine if they predict consistent condom use in two groups of Latina women and to identify the inter-group similarities in both groups and the discrepancies with what the model proposes for the North American population. Method: A set of variables were evaluated in two samples of Latina women (Mexican and Argentine): consistency of condom use, intention to use condoms in the next sexual encounter, the subjective norm of friends and parents, attitudes towards condoms, and perceived behavioral control to use condoms. We used the Linear regression analysis. Results: Intention to use condoms was found to be the best predictor of condom use. Subjective norm was more important than attitudes; although the latter variable was not configured as a predictor in Argentine women. Conclusion: The associations between the CTP variables and the predictive values of the variables may change according to the cultural group evaluated; perceived behavioral control, in both samples, was not a direct predictor of condom use behavior, but it was a predictor of intention to use condoms. In addition, we discussed the relevance of the variables proposed by the TCP about the cultural context of Latinos and the critical use of the model in populations other than North America.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Apr 2022 17:31:13 -040
       
  • Interacciones: Journal of Family, Clinical and Health Psychology

    • Authors: David Villarreal-Zegarra; Anthony Copez-Lonzoy, Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria, Renzo Rivera, Nikol Mayo-Puchoc
      Abstract: Editorial.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:31:04 -040
       
  • Contemporaneous Emotion Regulation Theoretical Models: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Camila Florencia Cremades; Cristian Javier Garay, Martín Juan Etchevers, Roberto Muiños, Graciela Mónica Peker, Juan Martín Gómez Penedo
      Abstract: Background: Emotions and their regulation are a phenomenon present in everyday life. Despite its relevance and growing interest, a consensual and univocal definition has not yet been reached. Objective: This paper aims to review contemporary theoretical models of emotion regulation, looking for agreements and divergences between authors. It seeks to identify the main processes considered when working with emotional dysregulation. Method: Our team conducted a systematic review in the form of a narrative synthesis following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement. The database used were SCOPUS, PUBMED, and Dialnet. We included articles published between 2018 and 2020, which have been peer-reviewed in indexed scientific journals, whose central theme was the theoretical presentation of the construct of emotional regulation. We excluded articles that conceptualized only one dimension of the construct focused on specific populations and empirical studies without a theoretical conceptualization of the construct. The information was systematized in a table identifying authors' information, country of institutional affiliation, main characteristics of the given definition of emotion regulation, regulation skills mentioned, and underlying theoretical frameworks. Results: We identified ten different theoretical frameworks that propose models of emotion regulation. The main components found in the definition were the complexity of the construct, goal orientation, intra- or interpersonal regulation, the proposal of moderators, and its voluntary character. Discussion: There is a consensus on the use of emotion regulation strategies to adapt to environmental demands, achieve goals and increase well-being. We identify that people's learning history is an important factor in the development of emotional regulation skills. In addition, context and personality traits are proposed as moderators of the therapeutic efficacy of interventions focused on emotional regulation. Further studies along these lines would favor the implementation of preventive interventions and the personalization of treatments.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 11:17:56 -040
       
  • Knowledge about COVID-19, coping and resilience in Mexican women:
           comparison by stress levels

    • Authors: Ana Leticia Becerra Gálvez; Alejandro Pérez-Ortiz, Yuma Yoaly Pérez-Bautista, Isaías Vicente Lugo-González, América Genevra Franco-Moreno, Erick Alberto Medina-Jiménez
      Abstract: Background: The psychosocial effects derived from the COVID-19 pandemic have represented a challenge for the population worldwide. Stress is a frequent problem reported by women, impacting the strategies they use to deal with problems in daily life and their ability to recover from this critical phenomenon. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stress levels, knowledge about COVID -19, ways of coping, and resilience in women. Method: A non-experimental, cross-sectional, and correlational study was carried out in a group of 386 Mexican women through a format that was distributed on social networks. Results: The data suggest that the higher the level of knowledge about COVID-19, the greater the perceived stress. High stress is positively and statistically significantly related to coping style, denial (r = .245; q = .20) and cognitive-reflective analysis (r = .303; q= .21). Low levels of stress are negatively and statistically significantly associated with a weak effect size with factors like social competence (r= -.198; q= .11) and family support (r = -. 227; q = .16). Conclusion: Stress affects women considerably due to work overload and interpersonal factors. This study offers the possibility of knowing the emotional state of women in times of COVID-19.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Mar 2022 15:10:26 -050
       
  • Anxiety and adaptation to pandemic in Mexico: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Javier Álvarez Bermúdez; Cecilia Meza Peña
      Abstract: Background: An aspect that becomes relevant in the current pandemic situation is the probable psychological effects that it may cause. A series of studies have shown that these kinds of critical situations have effects such as the development of anxiety processes in people. Hence the interest in knowing how health habits help to adapt to the pandemic and mediate anxiety processes. Objective: to analyze the relationship of healthy habits with anxiety and adaptation to confinement. Method: 7,439 people from Mexico participated, with ages between 18 and 80 years (M = 36.99, SD = 14.00). Results: We found that sleep (58%), eating (29%) and physical activity (52%) habits have been affected by confinement; 11.5% of the participants showed indicators of anxiety. The 9% of participants adapted poorly to confinement. The variable that best predicts adaptation to confinement is anxiety, followed by food, sleep, and physical activity. Those who are most affected by habits are young people and women by gender. Conclusions: The pandemic has led to changes in negative habits in a large sector of the population, which are now considered risk factors for physical and mental health. In addition, habits are associated with anxiety and adaptation, so it is necessary to provide society with strategies that allow proper management of habits, which can prevent the manifestation of anxiety.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Jan 2022 00:00:00 -050
       
 
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