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Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2601-7415
Published by Babes-Bolyai University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • «La mort: passage ou limite '» Introductory note on the methodology
           of an unpublished lecture offered by André Scrima at the Saint-Joseph
           University in Beirut (1978)

    • Authors: Daniela Dumbravă
      Pages: 9 - 27
      Abstract: The proposal for an extremely original lecture – La mort: passage or limit' – will be developed in the classroom of the Faculty of Religious Studies, in the academic year 1978, at Saint Joseph University, Beirut. This course was transcribed by students of the Department of Religious Studies in Beirut in 1978. The recent discovery of this unpublished manuscript in the Augustin Dupré La Tour S.J. archives prompts me to make its first presentation to the academic world here. The Orthodox monk, from Romanian origins, André Scrima basically suggested that the theme of death should develop into various elements of reflection related to the comparative study of religions and modern thought in comparison to the Christian faith. Therefore, if the theme of death arises in a historiographical context related to the study of the History of Religions, the history of reflection on death in Western philosophical thought also plays its interpretative part. Finally, with respect to the two perspectives a third one is instilled: the problem of death for man from the point of view of Christian anthropology. The article also aims to contextualize the conceptual diagrams with which André Scrima works in his exposition on death through two parameters: the limit of the discourse on death – frontière logique – and the limit of death for itself – frontière existentielle. The subject is divided by Scrima into two conceptual diagrams: a. en deçà – death both as a subject within a discourse, of an observed fact, and as part of a noetic, reflexive exposition and questioning within consciousness and by our consciousness; b. au-delà – death as a mystery: the non-talking of death in itself; the invention of a “grammar” of the death of the human being. Keywords: interreligious studies, history of religions, philosophy of religions, comparative studies, phenomenology, death studies, André Scrima, Middle East.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/diakrisis.2021.1
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
  • Memento mori as Repetition of Finitude

    • Authors: Nicolae Turcan
      Pages: 29 - 37
      Abstract: Exemplified especially by Heidegger and Levinas, the phenomenology of death expresses first, the impossibility of the death experience, second, the authenticity of Dasein starting from the horizon opened by the possibility of death, and third, the relevance of the death of the other to the discovery of one’s own death. This article tries to take a step further, showing the link between the authenticity of Dasein and the desire for immortality manifested in this authenticity. By overturning Heidegger’s theses and by affirming both the necessity of an authentication of death itself—in accord with Socrates’s death example—and the legitimacy of the meditation on death, this text links the need for immortality, which is phenomenologically visible, with the Christian faith in the resurrection, which is visible only for theology. Keywords: memento mori, Phenomenology of Death, Martin Heidegger, Emmanuel Levinas, Christian Revelation, Resurrection of Christ
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/diakrisis.2021.2
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
  • The Orthodox Church and the Transhumanist Ideas on Overcoming Death

    • Authors: Călin Emilian Cira
      Pages: 39 - 45
      Abstract: For mankind, death is a great mystery. Throughout history, numerous opinions about death have been issued, in search of its cause, and many ways and means to defeat it have been attempted. Recent scientific developments have not stayed back from the challenge of studying biological life and attempting technological solutions to help people reach an advanced age that is not subject to decrepitude, and perhaps even to achieve immortality. This idea is also present in the transhumanist movement that aims to change human nature through technology and supports the possibility of obtaining a lifespan capable of far exceed the current one. In this text, we attempt to give a possible answer to this transhumanist challenge from an orthodox Christian point of view. Keywords: transhumanism, Orthodox Christianity, immortality, death, life prolongation.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/diakrisis.2021.3
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
  • Witness through holiness of life

    • Authors: Paul Siladi
      Pages: 49 - 60
      Abstract: "Witness through holiness of life" is a phrase often used in theological texts. This study analyses the origin of this concept and identifies a series of reference points in its intellectual biography in Romanian theology (with special emphasis on the developments brought about by mission theologians from Cluj-Napoca). The two final sections try to enlarge upon the reflection on the witness through the holiness of life by considering the phrase in a biblical and spiritual context. Keywords: holiness of life, implicit mission, orthodox mission, mission theology, effective mission, missiology.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/diakrisis.2021.4
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
  • Sacred Art Between Tradition and Personal Expression

    • Authors: Andreea Stoicescu
      Pages: 61 - 78
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to present a personal reflection regarding the theoretical/philosophical relation between the generally accepted theological grounding of icon painting and other contemporary artistical endeavours to integrate the religious feeling – of Christian-Orthodox inspiration. This reflection is based on a mixture of ideas from different thought-frameworks which have as common ground the need for speculating on issues such as ‘tradition understanding’, ‘personal expression’, ‘art and religiousness’, exactly those key-themes that are constituting the fundamental threads of my argumentation. Hence, my appeal to authors like Lucian Blaga, Leonid Uspensky, Martin Heidegger, Paul Evdochimov, and Christos Yannaras. The point of departure for my study is the powerful and unavoidable conflict between the need for personal artistic interpretations of religious themes – expressed through contemporary artistic techniques and the application of contemporary metaphysical modelings – and the need for attaching oneself to an ‘authentic’ tradition of religious experience and to a community with deep roots in history. My all-round thesis is that this conflict cannot be, at least, clarified by choosing, from the artistic point of view, between two extremes: contemporary secular art on the one hand, and sacred, canonical art on the other hand, but by finding conceptual common pathways.   Keywords: tradition; face-image; person; contemporary art; transgression; music; body; dance.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/diakrisis.2021.5
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
  • Beyond good and evil, Nietzsche is the atheist version of the Christian
           ascetic

    • Authors: Alina Elena Turcescu
      Pages: 79 - 90
      Abstract: Nietzsche is one of the most controversial and disputed philosophers, especially because of his association with Hitler and Nazism, but also through his upsetting philosophical decisions that deny the possibility of any morality centered on good and evil as absolute values in themselves. As for his association with Hitler, the sources prove that Nietzsche’s philosophy has nothing to do with the justification or support of the nationalist-socialist dictatorship. In addition, any connoisseur of his work can easily see that Hitler does not fit at all with the description of the overman that Nietzsche conceptualizes and identifies with. As for morality, it seems to support a relativization of the values of good and evil until their dissolution, but a closer look can see that the morality of the masters accredited by Nietzsche is one of austerity, balance, respect, honor, dignity, of preferring loneliness to the amusement of the crowd. All these are values that even Christianity proposes. Lonely and incomprehensible, the master, Nietzsche lives a lifestyle similar to Christian ascetics. And just as the philosopher claims that the life of the masters should not be passed through the sieve of ordinary moral evaluations, who could judge in terms of “good” or “bad” the way the austere ones lived' Keywords: Friedrich Nietzsche, Christian values, Christian ascetic, overman, morality, values
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/diakrisis.2021.6
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
  • Frauenseele und weiblicher Geist

    • Authors: Ana Ocoleanu
      Pages: 91 - 101
      Abstract: Female Soul and Feminine Spirit. Philosophical Prolegomena to a New (Women) Culture in the Interwar Radio Lectures Alice Voinescu’s and Constantin Noica’s. The newly founded Romanian Radio (1927) invited since 1930 the most important personalities of the Romanian culture to speak in the frame of different radio conferences. Two of these personalities were the philosophers Alice Voinescu (1885-1961) and Constantin Noica (1909-1987). Although they represent two different philosophical orientations (Alice Voinescu as a post-metaphysical thinker and Constantin Noica as a philosopher, who tries, like Heidegger in the German culture, to rebuild metaphysics), the two interwar Romanian thinkers meet each other in some philosophical topics. One of these is the critical manner, how they are thinking about the movement of the emancipation of women in the 20th century. Both of them agree that the female soul and the feminine spirit have not to lose their specific features in the tendency to become active in the frame of the public sphere. In their critical thinking, Alice Voinescu and Constantin Noica meet the philosophical ideas of German philosophers like Georg Simmel and Martin Heidegger. Keywords: Interwar Romanian Philosophy, Philosophy Radio Lectures, Feminism, Feminine Culture, Alice Voinescu, Constantin Noica.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.24193/Diakrisis.2021.7
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2021)
       
 
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