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Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.255
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1842-2845 - ISSN (Online) 2247-8310
Published by Babes-Bolyai University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Assessment of Spatial Differentiation of Financial Independence of Poviats
           in Poland (2007–2019)

    • Authors: Paweł Dziekański, Magdalena Wrońska, Mansoor Maitah, Oleksandr Novoseletskyi
      Pages: 5 - 27
      Abstract: A poviat is an independent entity with autonomy in the use of resources in the process of carrying out public tasks. Its local economic, financial and social resources, as well as information resources, deter­mine the level of development. The basis for the proper and effective operation of poviats is the provi­sion of appropriate financial resources. They consist of both the so-called own income as well as trans­fers from the state budget in the form of, inter alia, general subsidies and targeted subsidies. The main aim of the article is to assess the spatial differentia­tion of the level of financial independence of poviats in Poland in 2007-2019 using a synthetic measure. The empirical data on poviats in Poland was col­lected through information available from the Local Data Bank of the Central Statistical Office. The finan­cial independence of poviats is radically diversified. There are significant differences regarding its level between the east and west of Poland. The western part of the country is characterized by better inde­pendence and financial situation. The study showed that the level of financial independence was shaped primarily by own income, income from PIT (personal income tax) and CIT (corporate tax), transfers from the state budget, and investment expenditure. The development of poviats depends on financial inde­pendence. The possessed financial resources are the basis for the operation and the condition for the implementation of its current and investment tasks. The potential of the poviat is built, among others, by professional activity of inhabitants, local labor mar­ket, entrepreneurship, infrastructure, condition of the natural environment, financial situation, increase in the quality and scope of public services and invest­ments. Financial independence is correlated with the level of local development. It translates into dispro­portions in terms of the possibilities of meeting local needs, meeting current and future obligations.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.1
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • Four Cases, the Same Story' The Roles of the Prime Ministers in the V4
           Countries During the COVID-19 Crisis

    • Authors: Joanna Gręndzińska, István Hoffman, Daniel Klimovský, Ivan Malý, Juraj Nemec
      Pages: 28 - 44
      Abstract: The goal of this paper is to deliver a comparative analysis of the behaviors and statements of the PMs in Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and the Czech Repub­lic, using the concept of adaptive leaderships as a base for analysis. We employed the usage of four fundamental skills proposed by Glover, Friedman and Jones (2002) and of five fundamental recom­mendations proposed by Macpherson and ‘t Hart (2020) to assess the behaviors and relevant state­ments of the PMs of the four analyzed countries during the time of the pandemic.The fact that all four analyzed PMs did not employ many adaptive leadership skills and recommenda­tions may serve as one of the possible explanations for the very problematic results in fighting COVID-19 during the second phase of the pandemic, when es­pecially the Czech Republic and Slovakia belonged to the most affected countries. The costs of such limited competence are borne by citizens and busi­nesses.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.2
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • Exploring Job Resources for Female Employees’ Job Strain: The Case
           of U.S. Federal Employees

    • Authors: Yongbeom Hur
      Pages: 45 - 63
      Abstract: It becomes critical to the success of organiza­tions to figure out how to effectively remedy female employees’ stress, given the sheer number of female employees in most organizations. The present study aimed to enhance our understanding of female employees’ strain, and suggest job resources to re­duce their stressful feelings at work. With a sample of U.S. federal employees, female employees were compared with male counterparts in terms of their satisfaction about diverse work environments and the effects of work environment on stressful feel­ings. According to the findings, the strain of female employees was significantly higher than that of male counterparts. Work-life balance became a signifi­cant job resource for both male and female employ­ees. Some work environment factors, such as public support and relationship with outside organizations, showed different effect on job strain, depending on the gender.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.3
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • Building and Maintaining Trust in Public Institutions During the
           Coronavirus Pandemic. A Theoretical Perspective

    • Authors: Bianca Radu
      Pages: 64 - 80
      Abstract: The aim of the article is to explore strategies that can be used to build and maintain trust in public institutions in times of crisis. It is well documented that trust in public institutions facilitates citizens’ compliance with restrictive measures, and therefore it is an important resource in times of crisis. In par­ticular, we highlight the importance of crisis commu­nication strategies in a changing and uncertain en­vironment, maintaining transparency and credibility of public institutions, demonstrating empathy, com­petence and openness, educating stakeholders and the public, and collaborating with relevant stakehold­ers. In the final part of the paper, we reflect on how strategies to build trust in non-crisis situations are different from the strategies adopted during crisis situations. The analysis is based on the systematic analysis of journal articles published on the topic of trust in public institutions since the start of the coro­navirus pandemic.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.4
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • How to Cope with Counter-Performance in Public Administration. The Case of
           Freedom of Religion or Belief During the Pandemic

    • Authors: Cătălin Raiu, Laura Mina-Raiu
      Pages: 81 - 98
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic crisis serves as a genu­ine natural experiment for societies worldwide, as the health-related crisis allowed governments to im­plement extreme measures that impacted people’s rights and freedoms, challenging the boundaries of democracy and rule of law. In the context of religious life, Romania was pointed by the OSCE as being one of the countries that have opted for the harshest measures to restrict religious life since the begin­ning of the pandemic.In this paper we present a case study of Roma­nia’s restrictions imposed on religious life during the Covid-19 crisis, using secondary data analysis stemming from the UN, the OSCE, the Court of Ap­peal of Bucharest etc., as a framework to objectively analyze how the government should act regarding religious life, by enforcing the principles enshrined by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Art. no. 18.Our main findings suggest that, in Romania, during the pandemic, the restrictions imposed on re­ligious life were politically bargained by the govern­ment rather than being mediated through national law and international standards and commitments on Freedom of Religion or Belief and based on the democratic principles of the rule of law.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.5
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • The Legal Regime of Smart Contracts in Public Procurement

    • Authors: Nadia-Ariadna Sava, Dacian Dragoș
      Pages: 99 - 112
      Abstract: This article attempts to critically review the appli­cations of smart contracts in public procurement. The literature on the topic is characterized by an emphasis on potential advantages and uses of this emerging technology, while it lacks in the concrete practical implementations of smart contracts in public procurement. In this context, we wish to re­alistically outline the legal regime of smart public procurement contracts. For this, we analyze the potential use of blockchain and smart contracts in public procurement at two stages: contract award and contract execution. Our article also discusses case studies of smart public procurement contracts, in order to assess their compatibility with and their impact on the EU public procurement system.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.6
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • Governmental Websites Quality in Romanian Cities: Usability,
           Accessibility, and the Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Nicolae Urs, Dorin Spoaller
      Pages: 113 - 130
      Abstract: The website of any governmental institution is the main channel through which digital public services, both informational and transactional, are offered. This became even more relevant during pandemic times, when face-to-face interaction was severely curtailed in most European countries. This happened in Romania also, and our aim with this research (re­peated once every two years from now on) is to eval­uate the quality of the websites offered by Romanian city halls in large and medium-sized cities.Most of the services offered by the government to citizens and companies are, in Romania, provided at the local level by city halls. Access to these services can be helped or hampered by the site ergonomics, loading speed or its overall quality. We are also try­ing to ascertain if other factors (the amount of col­lected taxes, the size of the city, the political party of the mayor, etc.) has any influence on the quality of the official site. Any such correlations could inform the necessary decisions that aim to improve the websites and, ultimately, the success of digital pub­lic services (both transactional and informational) that use it as a delivery channel.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.7
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
  • A Bounded and Incremental Design Approach to Public Administration:30
           Years after Shangraw and Crow’s Revolutionary Approach

    • Authors: Lihua Yang
      Pages: 131 - 149
      Abstract: Design is a living phenomenon of public admin­istration, but it has not been thoroughly studied by students of public administration (PA). Based on the pioneering work by Simon in 1969, Shangraw and Crow set forth an approach to intellectual activ­ity about public administration that they presented as a design science approach in 1989. This article explores the reasons for the faltering development of this revolutionary approach, proposes a new bounded and incremental design approach to public administration, and analyses the approach’s basic characteristics and six relevant ideas as well as the main research content and courses of public admin­istration and some recommendations for PA practi­tioners under this new approach.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.66E.8
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 66
       
 
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