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Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.255
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1842-2845 - ISSN (Online) 2247-8310
Published by Babes-Bolyai University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Could Financial Deepening Be the Solution to the Carbon Emission Problem'
           Empirical Evidence from CEE Countries

    • Authors: Hale Akbulut
      Pages: 5 - 24
      Abstract: Financial deepening has increased in recent decades in CEE countries that have transitioned from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. However, its impact on carbon emissions is controversial. Although the determinants of emissions have been frequently examined in line with the EU’s goal of net zero carbon emissions, the empirical literature on the effects of financial deepening is insufficient. In that context, this study aims to investigate the impact of financial depth on the level of carbon emissions in CEE counties. A panel threshold regression model was carried out for a set of 11 countries, from 1995 to 2018. The main findings confirmed the existence of a double threshold effect. While in the low financial depth regime, financial deepening increases carbon emissions, in the medium regime it reduces them. In the high regime, however, no statistically significant effects were observed regarding the effects of the financial deepening. Moreover, emissions are reduced with taxes. None of the countries in the sample has financial depth index value between threshold values, according to the last three years’ averages. The findings argue that financial deepening will not be an adequate solution to reducing emissions and point to the importance of public tax policies.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • How the Personal Profiles of US State Governors Impact on Financial

    • Authors: Laura Alcaide Muñoz, María Deseada López Subirés, Andrés Navarro Galera, Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar
      Pages: 25 - 43
      Abstract: This paper considers the extent to which the Governor’s profile might influence the financial sustainability of the State government, via an empirical study of 50 US States during the period 2006–2013. The results obtained show that financial sustainability may be prejudiced when the State government experienced financial unsustainability during the previous year, and when it is led by a Governor who is a Democrat, Black, and/or long serving. A favorable influence on financial sustainability is produced when the Governor is female, serving in his/ her home State, has children and has a college education. These findings highlight factors that should be considered with respect to promoting financial sustainability via public policies, providing valuable information to facilitate supervision by the State Legislature (General Assembly) and Supreme Audit Institutions. Moreover, these findings enable opposition parties and other stakeholders as citizens to evaluate the financial viability of electoral promises.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.2
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • Digital Tools in Romanian Higher Education: The Influence of the COVID-19
           Pandemic on the Digitalization of Universities

    • Authors: Adrian Hudrea, Dorin Spoaller, Nicolae Urs
      Pages: 44 - 63
      Abstract: Abstract The goal of this research is to find out how much digital tools are used in Romanian institutions on a daily basis. These tools can be used for both administrative and instructional tasks and processes. Furthermore, we investigate whether the COVID-19 pandemic aided or hampered the ongoing digitalization process, which had already begun prior to 2020, and whether any online tools implemented in response to lockdowns and a reduction in face-to-face interactions were kept or abandoned after the restrictions were lifted in the spring of 2022. We conducted interviews with Chief Information Officers (or comparable positions) at the top 5 Romanian universities and surveyed 15 of the most important Romanian universities to determine the changes in teaching and administrative procedures brought about by digital technology.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.3
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • In Search of an Integrated Corona Knowledge Ecosystem for Actionable
           Health Policy – A Mind Mapping Voyage and an Exploratory Decomposition
           in Spatial Pandemetrics

    • Authors: Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp
      Pages: 64 - 88
      Abstract: This paper seeks to map out the knowledge requirements and infrastructure needed for a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of the societal and geographical dimensions of effective policies regarding COVID-19 (‘coronametrics’ or ‘pandemetrics’). After a sketch of limitations and challenges in corona research, a multi-layer mind map is designed in order to systematically scan the cognitive needs in the corona domain and to address both health policy and socioeconomic-medical information requirements in a geographic context, with a particular view to the use of actionable dashboards. A systematic decomposition of the corona knowledge system is pursued to acquire a coherent insight into gaps in corona knowledge, with particular emphasis on policy and research relevance. It turns out that the study of causality patterns in the complex spacetime evolution of COVID-19 is the Achilles’ heel in the analysis of pandemetrics and calls for new effective and preventive research endeavors in support of actionable health policy.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.4
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • Assessment of the Health System Performance in Ontario Major Cities

    • Authors: Adela Nistor, Diana Gabriela Reianu
      Pages: 89 - 100
      Abstract: This study aims to provide evidence to support policymaking by assessing health system performance in the province of Ontario, Canada, and its major cities (Toronto, Mississauga, Oakville, and Brampton). It reports on the performance of health care organizations and local health systems over the years 2012-2018. The performance indicators analyzed are grouped into two categories: health status and quality of service (Ontario Ministry of Health). The analysis reports health care waiting times for the year 2018, focusing on the most frequently reported disease groups and procedures such as: pediatric, cancer, cardiac, orthopedic, eye, diagnostic imaging, and emergency room. It also looks at government spending on health, the benchmark for surgical procedures, the number of physicians, the health status of the population, and rates of hospitalization and hospital admissions. As recommendations, among policies to improve the health system, the government should pay attention to health spending, increasing the number of doctors rather than beds, and introducing the privately-owned hospitals that could coexist with the public ones.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.5
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • The Practicability of Competing Value Framework as a Stride towards Public
           Service Delivery Improvement in the Health Sector

    • Authors: Oluwaseun Temitope Ojogiwa, Bongani Reginald Qwabe
      Pages: 101 - 117
      Abstract: Considering its impact, organizational culture has emerged as a vital concept in organizational development. Although diagnosing organizational culture appears as one of the organizational change strategies for organizational development, it is a challenging undertaking. The dearth in the evaluation of the organizational culture of the public sector, especially in Nigeria, motivated this study with the aim of evaluating the organizational culture of the Kwara State public health sector using the Competing Value Framework (CVF). Significantly, there is mounting pressure on the state’s health sector to improve its service delivery, which is likewise strained by the effort to contain COVID-19 incidents. Hence, to assess the organizational culture and identify the areas of improvement for an effective proposed organizational reform, this study collected data by administering questionnaires to 256 participants. The study found that the prevailing culture is internally oriented and it manifests the typical culture of many public institutions. The evaluation of the current and preferred organizational culture is important to identify and create the needed change and most importantly foster a successful organizational transformation in the reality of many failed reforms. Conclusively, a successful change is anticipated to achieve the national goal of the health sector identified as one of the global sustainable development goals.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.6
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • Total Factor Productivity and the Significance of the Public Sector

    • Authors: Sonja Šlander Wostner, France Križanič, Boštjan Brezovnik, Borut Vojinović
      Pages: 118 - 132
      Abstract: It is typical in the modern world that most economic growth is explained by an increase in total factor productivity, commonly accompanied by the rise of real capital. After the last financial crisis, Slovenia was specific in the growth of total factor productivity between 2009 and 2019 in that the 44 analyzed industries substituted the decline of net real values of fixed capital, associated with a large contraction in bank loans to non-financial corporations. During this period, Slovenia’s total factor productivity strengthened due to increases in innovative potential, human capital (employees with higher education), and the share of foreign trade in Slovenia’s GDP. The public sector played an important role in this, as the increase in innovation potential and human capital was the result of the increase in the real level of Slovenian Export and Development Bank loans to enterprises and from extensive EU Structural and Cohesion Funds placements. The growth of innovation potential was influenced by the rise in the number of full-time researchers, and the increase in human capital was influenced by the economic climate in the EU.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.7
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
  • Fertility in Romania: The Delay of the Second Gender Revolution

    • Authors: Mălina Voicu, Răzvan Mihail Papuc
      Pages: 133 - 149
      Abstract: Abstract Fertility in Romania dropped rapidly after the collapse of the communist rule, placing the country among those with low fertility rates, and started to grow again after the year 2014. The paper approaches the dynamic of fertility in Romania, focusing on the period when fertility grew again. Using data from the semi-panel conducted by World Values Survey Romanian in 2012 and 2018, the paper looks at the changes in fertility in Romania based on micro-level data and studying trends in cohort fertility among women of fertile age and the drivers of these changes. The cohort analysis indicates that birth postponement is the main mechanism leading to the growth in fertility in Romania in the past decade. At the same time, the results provide support to the uncertainty explanation, the fear of job losing having negative impact on the number of children born by a woman. Altogether, the results suggest that Romania does not yet reach the second gender revolution, that has gender equality in private sphere at its core, fertility decision relying on traditional factors such as economic uncertainty and patriarchal model, with the male partner being the main breadwinner.
      DOI: 10.24193/tras.69E.8
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 69
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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