Publisher: Universität Bern   (Total: 4 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Informationswissenschaft : Theorie, Methode und Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Eye Movement Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
BAF-Online : Proceedings of the Berner Altorientalisches Forum     Open Access  
Linguistik Online     Open Access  
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Linguistik Online
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1615-3014
Published by Universität Bern Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Informationen zu den Beitragenden/Information about the authors

    • Authors: Elke Hentschel
      PubDate: 2023-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • A cognitive approach to the allegedly left-headed prefix verbs in German:

    • Authors: Heike Baeskow
      Pages: 3 - 40
      Abstract: In this article, the much discussed problem of apparently left-headed German prefix verbs (e. g. besohlen ‘sole’, erschneidern ‘obtain by tailoring’, verschimmeln ‘become mouldy’) will be addressed from a cognitive perspective. It will be argued that nominal bases are metonymically reconceptualized as events inside the derivatives. This proposal has two advantages over previous approaches. First, it is not necessary to assign verbal or verbalizing properties to the prefixes be-, ent-, er-, ver-, and zer-, which have their origin in prepositions or adverbs. Secondly, an overgeneration of virtual verbs, i. e. of verbs which are not or no longer attested (e. g. *dachen ‘roof’, †sohlen ‘sole’) is avoided because the metonymic and hence purely conceptual verbalization process takes place in the context of the inseparable prefixes. The prefixes neither change the word-class of their bases nor provide argument structures, which are predicted by a small set of conceptual event schemata. The function of the prefixes is rather to add semantic or aspectual information. Synchronic support for the proposal to be presented first of all comes from the fact that conversion, which historically preceded prefixation in German, is still active. Contrastive analyses of English and German non-derived denominal verbs will illustrate this point. Moreover, many prefix verbs still co-exist with non-derived denominal verbs (e. g. schottern (< Schotter ‘gravel, ballast’) vs. beschottern, entschottern, verschottern). A more general observation is that the compatibility of denominal verbs with the holistic (or ‘synoptic’) perspective conveyed by the inseparable prefixes depends on the metonymic patterns underlying these verbs.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9712
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • Manipulative impact of implicit communication:

    • Authors: Federica Cominetti, Doriana Cimmino, Claudia Coppola, Giorgia Mannaioli, Viviana Masia
      Pages: 41 - 64
      Abstract: This paper presents the application of a quantitative model for measuring the impact of manipulative implicit linguistic strategies on a small comparable corpus of Italian, German and French political discourses. The aim is to show the cross-linguistic applicability of the model, originally developed and put to test on Italian. Furthermore, the analysis allows a quantitative and qualitative comparison of the three comparable corpora: some statistical correlations and tendencies in the frequency and type of linguistic implicit strategies are presented and put in relation not only with the language, but also with the political orientation of the speaker and with other parameters (context, subject, rhetorical style). Results show that the model can be applied to multiple languages and that inter- and intra-linguistic tendencies in the use of manipulative implicit linguistic strategies can be appreciated.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9716
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • So witzig wie möglich, so ernst wie nötig:

    • Authors: Sabrina Guhe
      Pages: 65 - 87
      Abstract: This paper exposes the idea of humour as a strategy for coping with the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. By focusing on the Swiss federal council’s media conferences, it aims at evaluating specific linguistic and thematic features which constitute humour. The analysis highlights the importance of everyday topics in dealing with the coronavirus and shows that the humorous potentiality in the press conferences’ oral communications is specified by laughing expressions and even more so that the humorous interactions occur at specific moments.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9717
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • Multifunctionality of mas ‘but’ in Portuguese

    • Authors: Erotilde Goreti Pezatti , Talita Storti Garcia
      Pages: 89 - 104
      Abstract: Hengeveld/Mackenzie (2008: 52) consider that the constructions with mas ‘but’ result from the combination of two Discursive Acts with different communicative statutes, there being a Nuclear Discursive Act, with greater communicative weight, and a Subsidiary Discursive Act, which will have a rhetorical function named “Concession”. This paper aims to investigate the various uses of mas ‘but’, according to Functional Discourse Grammar, in order to determine the pragmatic, semantic, and morphosyntactic properties of each case in real occurrences of Portuguese. The combination of linguistic units through mas ‘but’ always indicates interpersonal strategies, which are differentiated by the communicative intention of the speaker as well as reflected in the layer involved. However, mas maintains the capacity to attribute the most salient status of information to the unit it scopes or operates on. We identified four uses of mas ‘but’ in different layers: Move Operator in the Move layer, Emphasis Operator and Concession rhetorical function in the Discursive Act layer, and the Contrast pragmatic function in the Communicated Content layer.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9718
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • Investmentempfehlungen in deutschen Börsenmagazinen.

    • Authors: Daniela Puato
      Pages: 105 - 129
      Abstract: The topic of this study is the pragmatics of investment recommendations in German financial magazines. The target reader, mainly a private investor, expects a clear assessment of the quality of the investment product and a corresponding operative instruction regarding his investment decision (whether he should buy, sell or hold a certain stock, mutual fund, or bond). On the basis of a large corpus of over five thousand texts from the most important weekly magazines (Börse Online, Der Aktionär, Focus Money) it is investigated to what extent this text genre meets reader expectations. Investment recommendations show a potentially complex pragmatic structure including, among others, a headline, an evaluation of relevant arguments (pros and cons) and the operative instruction (buy/sell/hold). However, crucial elements may be missing or even give conflicting hints concerning the investment decision. Moreover, operative instructions often tend to be formulated as rather vague indirect speech acts, limiting the overall pragmatic user-friendliness. These apparent inconsistencies can be put down to a secondary pragmatic goal from the perspective of the writer: not only to give good advice, but also not to be held accountable for bad advice.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9789
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • Zum fachphraseologischen Einsatz des Öl-Wortschatzes.

    • Authors: Eriberto Russo
      Pages: 131 - 143
      Abstract: This contribution intends to examine the lexical universe of oil, while paying attention both to production practices (expressions, terms, etc., which are directly related to the production of oil, from the harvest to the packaging phase) and to commercialization practices or expressions etc. used to represent the product from an organoleptic and gustatory point of view. The terminological and phraseological analysis is anticipated by a reflection on the relationship between technical language and phraseology and on the presence of the lexeme Öl in the German language. Excerpts from specialist websites are used to carry out the first terminological and phraseological analysis (concerning the production of oil); the second part of the analysis (product marketing) is carried out by taking the product’s descriptions (different types of oil) of websites into account.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9719
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • Digitale Übersetzungsprogramme und Online-Wörterbücher im

    • Authors: Isabelle Udry, Raphael Berthele
      Pages: 145 - 167
      Abstract: This survey investigates teacher and student perceptions and beliefs relating to the use of digital translation tools and online dictionaries (e. g. Google Translate, DeepL, Leo, Pons) in the foreign language classroom. Over the past few years, these tools have become increasingly popular, a development that has given rise to questions about their benefits for foreign language learning and teaching. A total of 1187 participants (985 students and 202 teachers) took part in the study. They came from primary schools, lower and upper secondary schools (Gymnasium and Fachmatura, vocational schools), as well as tertiary education and professional development classes. The survey was conducted in French (n=834) and German (n=353) in the cantons of Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel and Solothurn. Participation was voluntary. Results show that regardless of language background and educational context, participants perceive of the tools as a normal and largely established part of their everyday practices. Compared to their teachers, students are more optimistic about the tools’ potential contribution to foreign language learning and less concerned about possible pitfalls linked to using the tools. Students in lower secondary school use digital translation aids less frequently and rate their contribution to language learning and motivation less favourably than the other learner groups. Many teachers would like to use digital translators and online dictionaries in their classroom, but they express uncertainty about how to do so meaningfully. Teachers voice concerns over certain student practices, namely the lack of cognitive involvement when simply translating text without considering the output. Teachers also highlight the gap between curricular/institutional prescriptions and the way the tools are commonly used, a mismatch that can affect their teaching. Overall, our findings emphasize the need for a) empirical evidence on the effects of digital translation tools on foreign language acquisition, b) pedagogical scenarios for implementing the tools, and 3) alignment of policy with practice.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9720
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
  • „Berlin mitten im Herzen getroffen“ - Diskursive Opferkonstruktionen
           in parlamentarischen Debattenreden über Terrorismus in Deutschland

    • Authors: Anna-Maija Ylä-Mattila
      Pages: 169 - 202
      Abstract: Through their discursive actions, parliamentarians have an impact on the public perception of societal issues. Drawing on the Discourse-Historical Approach of Critical Discourse Studies this paper strives to illuminate how persons, objects, or abstract things are discursively constructed as victims. The debate speeches relate to two cases of terrorism: The National Socialist Underground (NSU) and the ISIS attack at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin. After first identifying the types of victims in the data, the study then conducts a detailed analysis of the discursive resources that are used in the construction process. Furthermore, the victim constructions are interrogated in terms of their strategic political aims. Apart from linguistic means, different context levels play a crucial role in the construction. The examined victim constructions aimed for example at the sense of unity (Wir-Gefühl) and presenting the own party in a certain light. The study shows how the discursive construction of victims contributes to the construction of reality for the public and how they serve different kinds of strategic and political aims.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
      DOI: 10.13092/lo.120.9721
      Issue No: Vol. 120, No. 2 (2023)
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Heriot-Watt University
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