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Erga-Logoi : Rivista di storia, letteratura, diritto e culture dell'antichità
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.16
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2280-9678 - ISSN (Online) 2282-3212
Published by LED Edizioni Universitarie Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Introduzione

    • Authors: Stefania Gallotta, Paolo A. Tuci
      Pages: 7 - 8
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • L’antica amicizia tra Ateniesi e Focidesi e le nuove sfide della
           Grecia multipolare

    • Authors: Elena Franchi
      Pages: 9 - 52
      Abstract: According to some sources, the friendship between the Athenians and the Phokians dates back at least to the time of the First Sacred War and proved resilient enough to withstand, and adapt to, the different balances and constellations of alliances that took shape in the classical period. The bipolar Greece of the fifth century meant the Phokians had to choose between the Athenians and the Spartans. For both the Athenians and Spartans, friendship with the Phokians was important for extending their influence in central Greece and in the Delphic Amphictyony, although the Boiotian factor should not be overlooked. The years of Spartan hegemony saw the Phokians allied with the Spartans, also in an anti-Theban key, but when Spartan hegemony was on the wane, the Phokians had no choice but to allow themselves to be drawn into the Theban orbit. This represented a significant turning point: once Spartan power had diminished, Athens no longer needed to form an alliance with the Thebans against Sparta, and the new Spartan-Athenian axis offered the Phokians a fresh range of prospects. The Athenian-Phokian axis lasted also during the delicate phase of negotiations for the conclusion of the Peace of Philokrates and influenced memories of the archaic War of Krisa.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-fran
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Tibrone, un armosta poco intraprendente' Note su uno spartano in Asia

    • Authors: Paolo A. Tuci
      Pages: 53 - 92
      Abstract: This paper focuses on the Spartan harmost Thibron, who led two expeditions to Asia in the first decade of the 4th century. It aims both to reconstruct the historical events, which are set in a context in which Sparta’s political action is characterised by both panhellenic and imperialistic traits, and the different representations of the harmost provided by the sources, in particular Xenophon and Diodorus.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-tuci
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Le relazioni internazionali degli esuli politici durante l’egemonia
           spartana: l’esempio degli esuli rodii

    • Authors: Rita Laura Loddo
      Pages: 93 - 122
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to consider the ways in which political exiles acted in their relations with other states during the first phase of Spartan hegemony and up to the stipulation of the Peace of Antalcidas. It analyses as a case study the actions of those Rhodians who became exiles during the revolts that shook the island in the first decade of the 4th century BC. After a brief introduction, the paper focuses on the contexts that led to the proliferation of exiles in the period under consideration dwelling on the special relationship of mutual support between the Spartan king Agesilaus and the exiles. Then it analyses the case of the Rhodian exiles as an example of the general activism of the political exiles. They presented themselves as groups opposed to the governments in power or to precise policies that these governments supported and resorted to the traditional means of political struggle. By so doing, they broadened the area of political action outside the polis, politicising their exile with strategies that recall, at least embryonically, forms of modern political transnationalism.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-lodd
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Lo spartano Antalcida, xenos e philos di Artaserse'

    • Authors: Elisabetta Bianco
      Pages: 123 - 146
      Abstract: The article illustrates the career of the Spartan Antalcidas, who between 392 and 367 BC ca. carried out an intense military activity and led several diplomatic missions at the court of the King of Persia. Special attention is given to the analysis of Antalcidas’ diplomatic masterpiece, the common peace of 387/6, which took its name from him. His friendship with the satrap Ariobarzanes, as well as the favor shown to him by king Artaxerxes II (with whom, however, never existed a real bond of xenia), place him among the most prominent Spartan characters in international relations of the first half of the 4th century BC.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-bian
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Le promesse del vincitore. Vendetta e libertà nella spedizione asiatica
           di Filippo II e Alessandro Magno

    • Authors: Giuseppe Squillace
      Pages: 147 - 169
      Abstract: Philip II and Alexander the Great justified and accompanied their expedition against the Persians through the themes of revenge and freedom. These topics, because they conflict with the Realpolitik of the two kings, can be considered as propaganda.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-squi
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Tra Macedoni e Persiani: Ermia di Atarneo

    • Authors: Luigi Gallo
      Pages: 171 - 182
      Abstract: Starting from a passage of Demosthenes’ Fourth Philippic, the essay examines the career of Hermias of Atarneus, in particular the controversial issue of his relationship with Philip II of Macedonia. In this regard, an attempt is made to reject the claim that the arrival of Aristotle at Hermias was desired by Philip to secure a bridgehead for the expedition to Asia, whereas there is no reason to believe that this expedition had already been planned in the first half of the Forties. In fact, it is reasonable to think that the relationship with Hermias, which probably began after Aristotle’s arrival at the Macedonian court in 343, was of no particular importance to Philip.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-gall
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Il problema dell’autonomia dei confederati nel contesto di un’alleanza
           egemonica. Tracce di un dibattito nella demegoria Sul trattato con
           Alessandro ([Dem.] XVII)

    • Authors: Elisabetta Poddighe
      Pages: 183 - 236
      Abstract: This article offers a reinterpretation of the pseudo-Demosthenic demegory On the Agreements with Alexander that reassesses the legal basis of the arguments offered by the speaker as regards the legal nature of the pacts and Alexander’s violations on this point. According to this interpretation, the Athenian speaker specifically focuses on the violations committed by Alexander as hegemon with respect to the commitments assumed by the Athenians in the symmachia as participants in the koine eirene. The most recent research acquisitions on the question of the attribution of the demegory and the context of its recitation lead to a reconsideration of the legal arguments offered by the speaker about the relationship between the koine eirene and the symmachia. In line with these acquisitions, the argument here proposed is that at the heart of the oration was the claim of the Athenians’ right not to follow unconditionally (ἀκολουθεῖν) the strategic direction taken by the hegemon, immediately after his passage through Asia, and to exit, if necessary, the koine eirene.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-podd
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Riflessioni storiche sulle relazioni internazionali di Dionisio, tiranno
           di Eraclea Pontica

    • Authors: Stefania Gallotta
      Pages: 237 - 253
      Abstract: Starting from the historical work of Memnon’s of Heracleia, which has been handed down to us by Photius’ excerpta, we can reconstruct the role of the polis of Heracleia Pontica, in the complex historical period after Alexander’s III death. With this paper, I will analyse the tyrannical period, and in particular Dionysius’ tyranny. During his tyranny, Dionysius of Heracleia Pontica was able to realize a complex network of relationships; he succeeded in making the city an undisputed protagonist of that historical period. He knew how to juggle the struggles among the Diadochoi and he was able to forge relations with some of them, and with some poleis of the Black Sea area, like Sinope, aiming to increase his power and that of his homeland.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.7358/erga-2022-001-sgal
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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