Publisher: U of Isfahan   (Total: 5 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Applied Research on English Language     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Research in Arabic Language     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Historical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New Educational Approaches     Open Access  
J. of Applied Sociology     Open Access  
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Journal of Historical Researches
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2008-6253 - ISSN (Online) 2476-3306
Published by U of Isfahan Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Examining and explaining the changes in the sheriffs of the Mamasani Javid
           tribe in the Qajar period based on new local documents and cemetery

    • Abstract: The Javid tribe is one of the four tribes of the Lor Mamasani Union of Fars. This clan lived with Rostam, Dushman Ziyari and Bekash clans in the northwest of Fars. The management system among them, whose task is leadership, cohesion and support of the public in political and social developments, somehow shows tribe's management style in this union. This system has always undergone changes due to reasons such as the competition for the post of sheriff and the involvement of central government agents in the selection of sheriffs. Considering the importance of changing the sheriffs of the Javid clan and the action of the people of this region in the socio-political stances of the Mamasani tribe and how the events are in front of this action, this research aims to investigate the influence of government officials in the process of changing the sheriffs of the Javid tribe and the reaction of the people of the tribe. Regarding these governmental changes during the Qajar period, Javid intends to answer this question: The change of sheriffs in Javid tribe caused the rise and fall of which people or families in the post of sheriff' The research has investigated this issue in the way of a library study based on the new documents belonging to some local families and the comparative study of the gravestones of the family of the management station of this area and interviews with people who are knowledgeable about the issues of the area.
  • Explaining the Outcomes and Scientific Achievements of the Communications
           of Isfahan and Neishabour Scientists from the Third to the seventh Half of
           AH Emphasizing the two sciences of hadith and recitation

    • Abstract: Scientific interaction in Islamic civilization provided the basis for the growth of scientific centers and various fields of science.As one of the important scientific centers of the Islamic world, Neyshabor was successful in attracting scholars from Isfahan to Neyshabor,especially in the field of hadith knowledge.The number of these Esfahani scholars and hadith scholars in Neishabur reached seventy people in the fourth and fifth centuries due to the conditions of Neishabur.A number of scholars from Neyshabur were also present in Isfahan.Some scholars and muhaddithists of Isfahan,especially those who had the Shafi'i religion,influenced the flow of hadith in Neyshabur by traveling to Neyshabur and became among the famous muhaddith scholars of Neyshabur.This article aims to investigate this question with a descriptive and analytical method.How did the scholars of Isfahan leave the Hadith knowledge of Nishabur'The scholars of Isfahan traveled to Neishabur in the fourth and fifth centuries due to the prosperity of the Shafi'i religion in Neishabur and the privileges that were available to the followers of the Shafi'i religion and engaged in scientific interaction with the scholars of Neishabur.Also,some muhaddiths of Isfahan,being in Neishabur,became among the elders and teachers of the great and famous Shafi'i muhaddiths of the Neishabur religion,and the result of this interaction was the presence of traditions of Isfahan muhaddiths in the compilations of famous muhaddiths of Neishabori,which is noticeably visible in the compilations of famous muhaddithists of Neishabur
  • Rereading the Narrative of “the Liberation of Hormuz” Based on the
           Historical Text in Persian

    • Abstract: One of the important issues of the Safavid period is their challenges with foreigners, such as the Portuguese, in the Persian Gulf. The Portuguese domination over the Persian Gulf led to some effects regarding economic and social life in this region and destruction of free trade. The Portuguese rullling, which lasted for more than a century, finally ended during the reign of Shah Abbas I. One of the important issues in ending the Portuguese domination over these areas and especially on Hormuz Island was the British role, which has been exaggerated by some Western historians. These battles are considered the most important reason for the defeat of the Portuguese. This research was based on rereading and analysis of this premise by relying on Iranian traditions. The basic question was whether the quality and role of the government and Iranian forces in the liberation of Hormuz had been specified in important Persian texts and traditions for this battle. It seemed that the role and Iranian forces in liberating Hormuz was much greater than that of the British according to Persian historical texts and especially poems. In this research, this issue was investigated through an analytical-descriptive method. Introduction The history of the coastal and post-coastal regions of the Persian Gulf is one of the subjects which has received less attention in the sources of the Safavid period. The lack of the Safavid navy to play a role in these regions on the one hand and the absence of the Safavid kings on the other hand were two important factors. In addition, the presence of powerful enemies, such as the Uzbeks and the Ottomans, caused the sources of the Safavid era not to be much focused on the events of these regions since they dealt with the events in which the Safavid court and especially the kings had played an important role. In this period, the main focus of the Safavid court was on the eastern and western regions of Iran and the conflicts with the Uzbek and Ottomans with an attempt to repel the invasion of these two Sunni Muslim powers. The failure of the Safavid sources to address this issue caused many ambiguities to be raised about the events of the mentioned areas. One of the important issues in this field was the presence of the Portuguese and their control over the social and especially commercial affairs of the areas. The long-term rule of this colonial force was one of the reasons why Safavid historians did not deal with the issue of the Persian Gulf. This domination finally ended with the actions of Imam Qali Khan, the ruler of Fars during the time of Shah Abbas I. The British also played a role in ending the Portuguese rule. However, the quality of their presence in these battles was narrated differently by Western historians and in some Iranian sources. This research made an attempt to explain the role of the British and Iranian forces in the battle against the Portuguese based on Iranian traditions. The basic question of this research was how the quality and role of the British and Iranian forces in the battle against the Portuguese was presented in Persian texts. The second question was what  the consequences of the British presence in these battles were. It seemed that the role and effectiveness of Iranian forces in liberating Hormuz were much greater than those of the British and the ruler of Fars, while no accurate assessment of the strength and power of the native forces of these areas had been made according to Persian historical texts and especially poems. The role of the British in this battle made them more and more present in the future of the Persian Gulf and gave them privileges and exemptions. So far, some studies have dealt with this issue in a very brief way (Vothoqi and Habibi, 1387, 18). Most of the researches were based on the idea that the British forces freed Hormuz from the Portuguese rule and assigned a very small role of the Iranians in this battle. Like Western historians, many Iranian historians had pointed out the essential role of the British in this battle, which had caused most historians to only retell the western traditions in this matter. Materials and Methods In this research, the mentioned subject was examined by using library sources and an analytical-descriptive method and referring to various sources, especially Persian poems. Using various sources of the Safavid era, the roles of the Iranians and the British in liberating Hormuz from the Portuguese rule were analyzed.   Discussion, Results, and Conclusion The Portuguese influence and domination on the coasts of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of ​​Oman, especially the island of Hormuz, led to their monopoly of trade in these areas, disappearance of free trade, and the increasing militarization of the Persian Gulf. This influence and domination of the Portuguese ended with the cooperation of the Safavid and British forces during the reign of Shah Abbas. The ruler of Persia allied with the British without carefully examining the strength of the indigenous forces on the shores of the Persian Gulf, as well as the strength of the Portuguese forces. Although the British took part in the battle against the Portuguese and the conquest of areas, such as Qeshm and Hormuz islands, their role and presence were very small and insignificant. Western sources had described this presence and role with an exaggeration and given the least attention to the role to the Iranians, while the Arab and non-Arab forces native to the shores and back shores of the Persian Gulf played the main role in the defeat of the Portuguese. However, the low presence of British forces in these battles caused more of them to enter the Persian Gulf. It also led to the conclusion of contracts by the Safavid government with them, in which capitulation could be observed and through which exemptions were granted to them. Upon ending the rule of the rulers of Hormuz, the Sa...
  • Validation of the report of the wrestling of the Prophet (PBUH) with
           Rokaneh Ibn Abd Yazid and the miracle of the movement of the tree in the
           Islamic sources.

    • Abstract: According to Ibn Ishaq, the Prophet (pbuh) wrestled with a man named Rukana Ibn Abd al-Zayd to invite him to Islam and ordered a tree to come to him and return to his place. Two consecutive events of wrestling and tree movement in Ibn Ishaq's report are reflected in hadith sources in the form of two independent narrations of wrestling and the miracle of tree movement. In addition to the differences in sources in how the two events are narrated, the accuracy and credibility of these reports also need to be considered. Therefore, the present article, while validating the document and examining the descent of the reports, focuses on observing the textual changes and analyzing them and comparing the texts with each other; In addition to identifying the main source of the report, to clarify its authenticity and validity. The results of this study show that the existing reports of wrestling and tree movement are suffering from textual anxiety and have conflicts in terms of time, goals and people involved in it. The results of the dating of the reports also indicate that Ibn Ishaq's report is the oldest available version of this event, which includes the two themes of wrestling and the miracle of tree movement; It has been the source of other subsequent reports. Since Ibn Ishaq's report is distorted in terms of attribution and lacks valid criteria in terms of textual structure; Reports based on it are also considered invalid.
  • Resistance against the policy of removing the hijab of Reza Shah's
           government - case study: lack of support of the new middle class of

    • Abstract: The present article examines the resistances formed against the policy of removing the hijab during the Reza Shah period and case studies the lack of support of the new middle class working in Azerbaijan during the Reza Shah period. The necessity of such studies indicates the importance of designing the type of policies of the government and the political system in the cultural areas of society, especially the ethnic regions of the country, and adopting strategies to promote them. The approach of this research is descriptive-analytical and the evidence taken from the study of historical documents left from that period has been used to analyze the reasons for the resistance of the working class as one of the effective social factors in the process of removing the hijab. The purpose of this study is to find the answer to the question of what factors led to the lack of cooperation of government employees and officials working in Azerbaijan as an important force in advancing the policy of removing the hijab in this region.The results show that the negligence and mistakes of the agents of Reza Shah's government during the discovery of women's hijab, led to the formation of resistance of people and various strata, including the working class, against the mentioned change, including: Shortcoming in creating harmony Between changing the hijab of Azerbaijani women with the norms, values and elements of the local and indigenous culture of the people, the disregard of government officials for the norms and elements of the local and indigenous culture of the people, using various propaganda methods to spread the hijab among the Azerbaijani people without Providing the necessary cultural and social infrastructure, the government's insistence on advancing the policy of uncovering the hijab by resorting to coercion, etc., he noted.
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