Publisher: International Centre for Studies and Research Mediterranean knowledge   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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J. of Mediterranean Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2499-930X
Published by International Centre for Studies and Research Mediterranean knowledge Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Introduction. Political exile in the 20th and 21st centuries

    • Authors: Valentina Ripa, Sandra Lorenzano
      Pages: 167 - 176
      Abstract: An introduction to the current issue of the Journal of Mediterranean Knowledgein which the guest editors highlight their vision of the concept of exile and, at the same time, focus on exile for political reasons and with a temporal delimitation centred on contemporary times (20th-21st centuries) that they have wanted to give to this volume; an approach also adopted by the authors of the nine articles and the review presented.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The “Ethics of Care” in the Testimonial Narrative of Spanish
           Republican Exiled Women

    • Authors: Paula Simón
      Pages: 177 - 201
      Abstract: This article aims to study two works belonging to the testimonial narrative of the Spanish Republican exile of 1939 –Sola (1954), by María José de Chopitea, and Los diablos sueltos (1975), by Mada Carreño. These testimonial novels were written by women who survived the exodus through the northern border of Spain after the end of the Spanish Civil War, the subsequent experience of concentration camps and other concentrationary places located in the south of France, and the exile to México. Based on his reading of the Shoah literature, Tzvetan Todorov argues that women were more susceptible to helping each other and building spaces of solidarity and collective support. This “ethics of care” that Todorov identifies can be observed in these works of exiled Spanish women. Therefore, this essay studies how the “ethics of care,” following the concept of Carol Gilligan, is reflected in these stories with the objective of detecting certain specificities of the female experience of the Republican Spanish exile. Through this study, we will demonstrate that the voice of surviving women is essential to fully and deeply understand the process of territorial dislocation that the Republican community suffered after the Civil War, as well as to assess the contribution that these female narratives have made to the processes of social remembrance.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Teresa Pàmies’ Letters of Exile: from Individual to Collective
           Memory

    • Authors: Daniela Natale
      Pages: 203 - 217
      Abstract: Since the end of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the violence practiced against the vencidosby Franco’s troops imposed the displacement as a way of life on so many Republicans, among whom there was the young activist Teresa Pàmies. Teresa Pàmies was a Catalan speaking Spanish writer. She was a left-wing feminist militant. Her abundant work, (she wrote about fifty books, a large number of articles for newspapers, magazines and radio programmes, essays and novels) is closely related to her experience as a political exile in Latin America, USSR, Czechoslovakia and France. During her long exile Pàmies started writing to recover her historical memory, and that of common people with their common lives. She used to incorporate both real and fictional letters in her novels, to preserve memory, or to (re)construct it. This narrative device gives authenticity, intimacy and immediacy to her writings. Pàmies’ epistolary represents a biographical and literary itinerary, a journey to other countries and even to another continent for a new beginning, far from her native homeland, that she had to abandon when Franco’s troops entered Barcelona.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Historiographical Exclusions: Female Spanish Writers in Exile within the
           Literary Mexican Field

    • Authors: Iliana Olmedo
      Pages: 219 - 238
      Abstract: In its construction, the history of Mexican literature has excluded the authors who were marginal,such as     exiled writers of 1939, but mainly women authors who were considered even more peripherical. When these two categories are conjugated, suppression is greater. This text analyzes the mechanisms of exclusion that are used by historiography in order to make women invisible, we unveiled this by using the studies of configuration of taste and interaction in the fields of cultural production by Pierre Bourdieu, Harold Bloom’s canon proposal and Feminist Theory by Lillian Robinson, Susan Gubar and Toril Moi. With these tools, this paper seeks to answer the following questions: Who draws up the canon and bywhat means' What are the criteria that the critic and the literature scholar use to select authors' Who determines the authority and who legitimizes this authority in Mexico' Is literary quality a historiographic criterion, how and by whom is it established' What interests does it respond to' Furthermore, I will present and briefly analyze the literary creation of Mercedes Pinto, who at their time were influential in the Mexican cultural field and whose works havebeen unknown and ignored for many years.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Cultural options of transatlantic exile: Rosalía de Castro’s image as
           conjured up by Galician Day commemorations on the two shores

    • Authors: Irene Jones
      Pages: 239 - 255
      Abstract: This paper examines the 1950 commemoration of Galician Day held in Argentina and Spain, and the symbolic significance it acquires in these two countries, which were undergoing different political circumstances. While the Buenos Aires celebration is inspired in the topic of exile following the Francoist dictatorship, in Santiago de Compostela stands out the liturgical and religious content surrounding the exaltation of Saint James the Great, and draws upon the existing allegiance of the Catholic Church to the Francoist regime. In this context, we will dig into the symbolic identity of the poet Rosalía de Castro along both commemorations, the symbols her figure was associated to and the enshrinement she was submitted to. Our work will be informed by the Galiciamagazine —Centro Gallego de Buenos  Aires house organ— and El Correo Gallegoand La Noche dailies, from Santiago de Compostela, as well as the correspondence that Luis Seoane, an exiled intellectual in Buenos Aires, exchanged with some of the contributors of each paper.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Price of Refuge. Spanish Republican Exiles in the US Cultural Cold War

    • Authors: Carmen De La Guardia Herrero
      Pages: 257 - 288
      Abstract:   This article explores the importance of the collaboration of the different groups of European exiles in the United States, after the rise of totalitarianism, in the construction of open and covert American diplomacy at the height of the Cold War. And this, in one sense, was logical. Refugees knew the languages and traditions of their home nations well and many shared their strong ideologies of anti-totalitarianism with the US government. There were synergies between both parties. In addition, we analyzed the link and then the confrontation on the part of one group of those European exiles in the US:  that of the anti-Franco and anti-Stalinist community of Spanish republican exiles in New York, to American policies and interests during the nineteen forties and fifties. The United States' unexpected approach to Franco's Spain in 1953 was difficult for them. It caused desolation among this community of Spanish Republican exiles in the United States who, until then, had collaborated with the intelligence services of their host nation looking forward the end of the Franco´s regimen. But while a moderate group of those Spanish exiles considered that this approach was a necessary and transitory evil to restrain the Stalinist common enemy, another group of exiles remained faithful to their republican and anti-Franco political trajectory demonstrating their discontent. The Spanish exile community in the United States was deeply divided in 1953 against the Madrid Pacts and the recognition of the Franco´s regime by the US.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Music in exile: Russian émigré composers in interwar Paris and the
           

    • Authors: Matteo Macinanti
      Pages: 289 - 309
      Abstract: One century after the massive migratory current following the Russian revolution, music composed in exile has not yet found particular interest in cultural studies. The aim of my essay is to provide historical and sociocultural coordinates to the reality of Russian émigré composers’ community based in Paris within the milieu of the so-called Russia Abroad. This cultural category has been the subject of many studies in the last decades. These latter have thoroughly underlined the literary expressions of the Parisian émigré ambient in the light of the links with the homeland, the pre-revolutionary culture and the expectation of the return to Russia. Features that may be summarized in the concept of the Missija russkoi emigratsii whose principal domain is to be found in the “free creative work” characterized by a twofold outlook: on the one hand it is aimed at providing continuity to pre-soviet Russia’s traditional culture and, on the other hand, it is intertwined with the development of new languages, forms and aesthetics, inextricably bound with the contemporary artistic achievements of the host metropolis, the Ville Lumière. Russian-Parisian composers’ production offers a privileged space to observe this cultural interweaving and the other aspects mentioned above.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • From the Mediterranean Sea to the Pacific Ocean, the exile of Algerian
           prisoners in the penal colony of New Caledonia. An analysis of their
           descendants’ identity processes

    • Authors: Rachid Oulahal
      Pages: 313 - 334
      Abstract: In this article, we propose to consider the exile experience through the case of Algerian descendants in New Caledonia. The first Algerians to arrive in this territory were sentenced by the French colonial administration, in the 19th and early 20th centuries, to sentences they had to serve in New Caledonia. Most of them will never be able to go back to their home country. Our qualitative research based on semi-structured interviews with nine of their descendants in New Caledonia enabled us to analyze how the descendants of these deportees define themselves in the contemporary political situation of New Caledonia where a consultation process for independence is currently underway. The results show that the various generations of descendants did experience different relations with their Mediterranean origins and their settlement 20.000 km away in the Pacific Ocean. While the first generation lived and mingled with the deported Algerians but did not get much of the cultural background, the next generations found themselves in a period of silence and taboo of the origins, which made it difficult for them to trace their family history. By the end of the 20th century, the opening of historical archives, the development of communication technologies and the New Caledonia’s political situation (independence process under current consultation) did open the way to an identity reappropriation process Our article proposes to highlight the current impact of this forced exile on the Algerian descendants in New Caledonia but also at the Mediterranean area level through the way this historical fact is dealt with by both France and Algeria in the contemporary period.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Women’s Migration to and from some Mediterranean Countries in Vientos de
           agua by Juan José Campanella

    • Authors: Mariela Sánchez
      Pages: 335 - 359
      Abstract: This article tries to highlight the particular features that migrant women show in a pioneering cultural product: Juan José Campanella's television series Vientos de agua(Water Winds), 2005. The process of forced geographical displacement is situated during two terms: the middle of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. Women who fled from Mediterranean Europe to America, moving away from fascism in different Mediterranean latitudes, and women who, years after, seek in Spain a subsistence not guaranteed in their places of origin, share similar miseries in the process of leaving homeland. The intention of these lines is to give account of their vulnerabilities and the reason why is relevant to focus on them. 
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The “Immediate Protection” Status under the New Pact on Migration and
           Asylum: some remarks

    • Authors: Rossana Palladino
      Pages: 361 - 382
      Abstract: Responses to the crisis of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), after a long period of impasse, currently lie in the New Pact on Migration and Asylum (European Commission, 23 September 2020). This essay will focus on the Proposal for a Regulation addressing situations of crisis and force majeure as part of the Commission package of proposals following the New Pact, and especially on the “immediate protection” status envisaged therein. Whitin the forms of international protection granted by the European Union law, this essay explores in primis such a new status in comparison with the “temporary protection” – which is intended to be repealed and however never triggered – and, in secundis, in the framework of the New Pact rationale, as characterized by the increasing of interstate solidarity mechanisms despite restrictions on the fundamental rights of asylum-seekers.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Review of Nora Strejilevich, Un día, allá por el fin del mundo. Santiago
           de Chile: LOM, 2019

    • Authors: Griselda Zuffi
      Pages: 385 - 388
      Abstract: Review of Nora Strejilevich,Un día, allá por el fin del mundo.Santiago de Chile: LOM, 2019
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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