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Balaba : Jurnal Litbang Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1858-0882 - ISSN (Online) 2338-9982
Published by Balai Litbang P2B2 Banjarnegara Homepage  [1 journal]

    • PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Pengaruh Air Perasan Daun Pepaya terhadap Kematian Larva Aedes albopictus
           dalam Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue

    • Authors: Nita Rahayu; Harninda Kusumaningtyas, Eni Purwaningsih, Ritna Udiyani, Bayu Purnama Atmaja, Mahruddin Hatim Habe
      Abstract: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the vector-borne diseases which is still a public health problem in Indonesia. Efforts are needed to control mosquitoes both in the larval and adult stages. Papaya leaf could be a natural larvicide that is more environmentally friendly in an effort to control dengue vector. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of giving papaya leaf juice to the mortality of Aedes albopictus larvae. This research is quasi-experimental research design with post test only with control group design, with a sample of 30 third instar larvae divided into two groups, papaya leaf juice and aquadest. post test was carried out 4 times at 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours. The results of the study in the intervention group (50 ml of papaya leaf juice plus 200 ml of plain water in a paper cup/container) and the control group using 200 ml (aquadest) after the first 6 hours of treatment there were no deaths (0%), the 12th hour a small percentage of 5 deaths larvae (16.6%), at the 18th hour almost half of 12 larvae died (40%) and at the 24th hour most of the 18 (60%) Aedes albopictus larvae died. While the control group observed 6, 12, 18, 24 hours overall (100%) live Aedes albopictus larvae. There is an effect of giving papaya leaf juice to the mortality of Aedes albopictus larvae after 24 hours of observation. Leaf juice may be used as a larvicide in an effort to prevent the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Prevalence of Trypanosomiasis of Wild Rats (Rattus sp.) in Banjarnegara
           District and Potential Impact for Public Health

    • Authors: Tri Wijayanti; Novia Tri Astuti, Nuri Alfino Qurana, Jarohman Raharjo; Bina Ikawati; Didik Tulus Subekti, Hari Ismanto
      Abstract: Trypanosomiasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Trypanosoma sp., a protozoan parasite that has a flagellum. It has the potential to cause emerging diseases. Generally, Trypanosoma infection is caused by T. evansi which causes Surra disease, and T. cruzi which causes Chagas disease. Trypanosoma lewisi has been considered a natural protozoan in mice, not pathogenic to humans but in recent years it has been reported in humans. This study aims to detect Trypanosoma in rats in Banjarnegara District and analyze the potential impact on public health. The research was observational with a descriptive approach, conducted in Banjarnegara from July-December 2020. Samples were taken by purposive sampling. Samples are rat’s blood that caught on wild rats survey in the main market of Banjarnegara District. Blood samples were made with a thin smear then they were stained with Giemsa and examined by microscope. There were 157 rats caught, consisting of 131 Rattus norvegicus and 26 R. tanezumi. Totally, 28 rats were positive Trypanosoma lewisi, so Trypanosoma infection in rats in Banjarnegara District is 16,57%. Trypanosomiasis in R. norvegicus was 18.3% and R. tanezumi 15.38%. Therefore, there is a need to increase the awareness of these diseases’s transmission to humans.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Penyaring Air dengan Biolarvasida Nabati Ekstrak Rimpang Lengkuas sebagai
           Upaya Pengendalian Vektor Demam Berdarah

    • Authors: Nur Lu'lu Fitriyani; Ristiawati Ristiawati, Dewi Nugraheni Restu Mastuti
      Abstract: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is a serious problem in Central Java with an Incidence Rate (IR) of 10.2/100,000 population in 2018. Efforts to reduce the number of dengue fever cannot be separated from efforts to control the Aedes aegypti vector. Alternative vector control that is safer and more environmentally friendly can be done by utilizing compounds derived from plants that have biologically active properties. The plant that has the potential to be developed as a natural insecticide is galangal (Alpinia galanga). The amis of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a water filter added with biolarvicides from galangal rhizome extract. The research method used was a quasi-experimental method with 4 different concentrations of galangal extract (0.1%; 0.2%; 0.3% and 0.4%) and used a negative control without the addition of galangal extract. The results showed that in water filter treatment with galangal rhizome extract, there was death in Ae. aegypti mosquito larvae, while in negative control there was no larval death. The results showed that mortality of Ae. aegypti mostly occurred at a concentration of 0.4% as many as 25 larvae. Water filter with galangal rhizome extract biolarvicide has the potential to kill Ae. aegypti larvae.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Kombinasi Minyak Kayu Putih dan Jeruk Nipis terhadap Mortalitas Pediculus
           humanus capitis

    • Authors: Janatin Nur Aripin; Dita Pratiwi Kusuma Wardani, M Luthfi Almanfaluthi, Isna Hikmawati
      Abstract: The use of synthetic chemical pediculicides is known to have side effects and the occurrence of resistance so plant-based pediculicides are needed to kill Ph. capitis. Eucalyptus and lime oil are known to have an effect in killing Ph. capitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the combination of eucalyptus and lime oil on the mortality of Ph. capitis. This study was conducted in a true experimental with a post-test-only control group design in May 2021. This study consisted of 5 treatment groups, one group as a positive control (permethrin 1%), one group as a negative control (aquadest), and 3 groups received treatment with a combination of eucalyptus and lime oil in the proportions of 1:3 (25 ml of eucalyptus oil: 75 ml of lime juice), 1:1 (50 ml of eucalyptus oil: 50 ml of lime juice) and 3: 1 (75 ml eucalyptus oil: 25 ml lime juice). It was repeated 3 times so that the total sample was 150 Ph. capitis which was observed every 5 minutes for 1 hour. The research data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and continued with the Posthoc Mann-Whitney U test. Mortality of Ph. capitis in the combination group the most effective was the combination of 75% eucalyptus oil and 25% lime oil in the 5th-minute observation of 100% mortality compared to the control group and other groups.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Toksisitas Daun Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L.) sebagai Mat Elektrik
           terhadap Kematian Nyamuk Aedes aegypti

    • Authors: Dwi Annarya Ning Tyas; Ngadino Ngadino, Iva Rustanti Eri W
      Abstract: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Indonesia has increased from year to year. Community usually used chemical insecticides to control dengue fever. However, the continuous use of chemical insecticides will have a negative impact on the environment and humans and the possibility of resistance to mosquitoes. An alternative that can be done is to use a bioinsecticide made from noni leaves (Morinda Citrifolia L.) which contains flavonoids, saponins and alkaloids. This study aimed to analyze the toxicity of noni leaf (Morinda citrifolia L.) as an electric mat to the death of the Ae. aegypti. The type of research is a quasi-experimental study with a posttest only research design with a control group design using 4 variations of 1 gram, 1.5 gram, 2 gram, 2.5 gram with five repetitions. The samples used were 25 Ae. aegypti mosquitoes.  Statistical analysis used is One Way Anova Test and Probit Test. The results of the average percentage of deaths during 24 hours of observation were 30%, 41%, 54% and 68%. One Way Anova test showed the value (p-valuee=0.000). The probit test showed the LC50 of 1.735 gram/6m3. The conclusion of this research is noni leaf has toxicity to kill the Ae. aegypti mosquito. However, its effectiveness is still below the WHO requirements because it has not reached 90%.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Dengue Cases in Kuningan District Since

    • Authors: M. Ezza Azmi Fuadiyah; Andri Ruliansyah
      Abstract: Dengue has spread to over 400 of Indonesia’s 497 districts, including West Java Province in which 26 of its districts have been declared as hyper-endemic. A study was conducted to describe the spread of dengue incidences and its cluster during 2008-2017 in Kuningan District. The district is located in an important route, in migration and in the economic field, connecting the northern part of West Java to the southern part. A spatio-temporal analysis based on monthly dengue incidences from the local District Health Office was performed using SaTScan™. This study revealed there were Statistically significant high-risk dengue clusters with various RR in half of the subdistricts in Kuningan in the ten-year periods of 2008-2017 and a retrospective space-time analysis detected 17 significant clusters (P<0.001). Subdistrict Kuningan is detected as a high-risk area every year except for 2008, whereas Jalaksana emerged as a high-risk cluster in six of ten-year periods. We conclude that there was a dynamic spread of dengue cases initiated from the north part of Kuningan District to western areas. This study results do not properly predict RR due to a lack of information on some significant factors, such as vector density and related environmental and socioeconomic parameters. However, this study has provided a perspective on dengue incidence that can be used by local health managers and disease surveillance personnel to monitor prospective outbreaks and make decisions about how to implement an effective response.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Efektivitas Kombinasi Ekstrak Lidah Buaya dan Lidah Mertua Terhadap
           Mortalitas Larva Aedes aegypti

    • Authors: Handayani Narendo Putri; Dita Pratiwi Kusuma Wardani, Isna Hikmawati, Muhammad Luthfi Almanfaluthi
      Abstract: The Dengue Haemoragic Fever (DHF) vector control with synthetic larvicide has an impact on health and environmental problems, so alternative plant-based insecticides are needed. The study aims to determine the larvicidal effect of a combination with Aloe vera extract and Sansivieria trifasciata on the mortality of Aedes aegypti larvae. This study was conducted with experimental design by a post-test only with control groups design consisting of five groups. Two groups are positive control (1% temephos) and negative control (0% concentration). The other three groups served as a combination of Aloe vera extract and S. trifasciata Prain in ratio of 75%:25% (P1), 50%:50% (P2), and 25%:75% (P3). A total of 375 larvae were introduced in this study with three replications and with observation time of 30 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours, 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours until totally died 100%. The mortality of Aedes aegypti larvae were analyzed by Kruskal Wallis and probit analysis to calculate LC50 and LC90. The larvae totally died 100% after 12 hours of exposure. There are significant differences in the mortality of Ae. aegypti larvae after administration of a combination with Aloe vera extract and S. trifasciata Prain. The P1 group (The combination with Aloe vera extract and S. trifasciata Prain with a ratio of 75%:25%) was the most effective in mortality of Ae. aegypti larvae. The LC50 value is 0.517% while the LC90 value is 2.121% within 6 hours. The combination group of Aloe vera extract and mother-in-law's tongue with a ratio of 75%:25% was the most effective in causing mortality of Ae. aegypti within 6 hours.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pola Pengelompokkan Kasus Demam Berdarah
           Dengue (DBD) di Temanggung, Jawa Tengah

    • Authors: Nur Alvira Pascawati; Sahid Sahid, Sukismanto Sukismanto, Hesti Yuningrum
      Abstract: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Central Java Province is in the second position after East Java-based on mortality rates and Temanggung District is one of the areas in Central Java, which is in high endemic status. The level of dependence of DHF in an area can be influenced by DHF in other adjacent areas. The spread of this disease through mosquito bites from one place to another depends on the presence of the cases and the vector of Aedes sp. This study aimed to identify factors related to the clustering pattern of DHF cases in Temanggung, Central Java. This study used a cross-sectional design and was carried out in the Kandangan Health Center Work Area, Temanggung District. The sample of this study was the houses of all DHF cases in 2020 as many as 60 houses with the research variables: the existence of Aedes sp., vector breeding sites, population density, and time of occurrence. This study uses clustering analysis in the form of the Average Nearest Neighbor (ANN) test with =0.05. The results showed that the factors related to the case-grouping pattern in the Kandangan Health Center Work Area were the presence of Aedes sp., vector breeding sites, high population density, and peak dengue cases that occurred in January and February. The results of this study can be used to determine priority areas in controlling dengue cases in an area.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Analisis Faktor Risiko Malaria di Asia Tenggara

    • Authors: Devi Ayu Rokhayati; Raniand Cucuomi Putri, Nabila Allaeyda Said, Dwi Sarwani Sri Rejeki
      Abstract: Malaria is a disease caused by the parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which are transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. All tropical countries, including Southeast Asia, reported malaria cases. Several factors related to human behavior and the environment in which people live cause the incidence of malaria. The objective of this study was to analyze the risk factors for malaria in Southeast Asia and determine which risk variables had the greatest impact on the prevalence of malaria. This study is a review of the literature with a narrative review model using English and Indonesian journals from 2017 to 2021. The journals were obtained through the health journal provider databases Pubmed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Researchgate, and Malaria risk factors in Southeast Asia are influenced by behavioral and environmental factors. Behavioral factors include not use of mosquito nets, being active at night, male gender, and risky work. Environmental factors include rural areas, open-access dwellings, housing near cattle pens, and proximity to mosquito breeding sites. Changes in human behavior to avoid mosquito contact and environmental control are required to reduce the incidence of malaria.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
  • Kontribusi Faktor Determinan Lingkungan terhadap Prevalensi Kasus Malaria
           di Kota Sabang, Provinsi Aceh

    • Authors: Teuku Mualana; Said Devi Elvin, Sofyan Sufri
      Abstract: The city of Sabang has become a model for Indonesia in malaria elimination. However, currently, there is an increase in malaria cases again in Sabang City and the emergence of a new parasite species, namely Plasmodium knowlesi was transmitted through Macaca fascicularis. This study aims to analyze the influence of environmental, physical, chemical, and biological factors on the prevalence of malaria in Sabang City. This type of research is an observational survey with a cross-sectional design with a sampling technique using cluster-random sampling with a total sample of 100 houses in four research villages. Data was collected using interviews, inspections, and environmental observations carried out on 100 selected houses. Data was analyzed using statistics, univariate in the form of percentage distribution, Chi-square bivariate, and multivariate using logistic regression with the Stepwise method. Surveys of adult mosquitoes were caught at night, from 19.00 to 07.00 once in three houses in 4 villages in the research location. The results of this study showed that the physical environment (p=0.0001), the biological environment (p=0.021), and the chemical environment (p=0.011) were significantly associated with malaria cases. The physical environment was the most influential predictor of malaria cases (OR: 11.096).
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A

    • PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 SE A
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