Publisher: EASST (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.362, CiteScore: 1)
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Science & Technology Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.362
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2243-4690
Published by EASST Homepage  [1 journal]
  • (Not) Knowing and (Not) Caring About Animal Research

    • Authors: Renelle McGlacken
      Pages: 2 - 20
      Abstract: Animal research remains a practice marked by controversy and moral dilemma. However, UK science-society dialogues on the issue are increasingly managed via one-way transmissions of information which construct publics as passive and attribute their concerns to a lack of ‘correct’ knowledge. Challenging such assumptions, this paper questions how and why people actively manage their interactions with animal research through entangled practices of knowing and caring. Based on an analysis of writing from the UK Mass Observation Project, this paper explores difficulties and discomforts associated with animal research which can cause strategic withdrawals from engagements with the topic. In doing so, it extends existing concepts of ‘uncomfortable knowledge’ (Rayner) and ‘strategic ignorance’ (McGoey) to develop novel concepts of ‘uncomfortable’ and ‘strategic’ care. Finally, in examining desires to respond to animal research, I engage with Haraway’s notion of ‘response-ability’ to introduce the concepts of ‘responsive caring’ and ‘responsive knowing’
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.23987/sts.102496
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Putting Value on Extracellular Vesicles

    • Authors: Ilpo Helén, Heta Tarkkala
      Pages: 21 - 43
      Abstract: Several studies over the years have paid attention to the entanglement of biomedical research and the multiplicity of expectations for scientific breakthroughs and economic gains. However, science and economy are by no means the only values attributed to the biomedical endeavour in an actual R&D project. In this article, we present an analysis of a case we studied in Finland, in which academic and commercial partners jointly studied minuscule extracellular vesicles (EVs) to develop related technologies and explore their commercialisation potential. Thus, we ask, what is the spectrum of value in biomedical R&D' Our analysis highlights that in the rapidly developing, but still immature, scientific field of EVs, the dominant value of the research project are related to the expansion of future possibilities (e.g., funding and collaborations) and the sustainability of research. The subject of our study is a new domain of biomedicine that is quite unexplored in science and technology studies (STS), and our findings contribute to ongoing discussions on valuation and economies related to biomedical R&D. We focus on the multiplicity of value, and, by doing this, critically discuss the mainstream view emphasising the dominance of commercial value.
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.23987/sts.107750
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Genetic Racial Profiling

    • Authors: Isabelle Bartram, Tino Plümecke, Susanne Schultz
      Pages: 44 - 69
      Abstract: Over the last two decades, the analysis of DNA traces found at a crime scene have expanded the already established forensic DNA analysis for identification to include new techniques intended to predict a criminal suspect’s externally visible characteristics, such as eye, hair and skin colour (‘forensic DNA phenotyping’), or his or her ethnic, continental or regional origin (‘biogeographical ancestry’). In this paper, we conduct a dispositive analysis to investigate how extended DNA analysis in forensics catalyses inherent processes of racialization at three different levels: 1) in the categorizations that are integral to this technology, 2) in the images of the ‘dangerous other’ combined with inflated expectations regarding these technologies’ effectiveness that have framed discourses regarding the legalization of this technology, and 3) in the biases and stereotypes which often guide investigative practices using these technologies. We demonstrate that this is an example par excellence of how the interaction between different practice dimensions can exacerbate unintended discriminating, racialising and racist effects.
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.23987/sts.101384
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Experience Distributed in the Biodiversity Science-Base

    • Authors: Adrian Mackenzie
      Pages: 70 - 91
      Abstract: Critics of biodiversity science and environmental governance point to exclusion and absence of diverse experience from science-based governance, sometimes effectively dividing domains of science and experience/values. This paper, following an alternate line of thought drawn from John Dewey’s Nature and Experience, analyses a series of scientific publications on biodiversity from 1989-2020. It argues that experience abundantly populates the biodiversity science-base, although in highly distributed forms. Dewey’s account suggests that knowledge of biodiversity derives from an unanalyzed continuum of experience. Reading the publications as traces of occurrences of encounters preceding, accompanying, and sometimes deriving from knowledge, the paper locates and characterises differentiated, sometimes impersonal gradients of experience, developing a figurative model of distributed biodiversity experience. It concludes that experiential diversity occurs widely in the science-base, but communication of and participation in this experience is frequently marginalised by the primacy of knowing.
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.23987/sts.100417
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Brumberg-Chaumont Julie and Rosental Claude (eds) (2021) Logical Skills:
           Social-Historical Perspectives

    • Authors: Maria Amuchastegui
      Pages: 92 - 94
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.23987/sts.116534
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Hansson Kristofer and Irwin Rachel (eds) (2020) Movement of knowledge:
           Medical humanities perspectives on medicine, science, and experience

    • Authors: Jill van der Kamp
      Pages: 95 - 97
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.23987/sts.116204
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
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