Publisher: Geological Society of America   (Total: 4 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 4 of 4 Journals sorted alphabetically
Bulletin of the Geological Society of America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.329, CiteScore: 4)
Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56, SJR: 3.114, CiteScore: 4)
Geosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.752, CiteScore: 3)
Lithosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.892, CiteScore: 3)
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Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.892
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1941-8264 - ISSN (Online) 1947-4253
Published by Geological Society of America Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Palaeosedimentary Environment and Formation Mechanism of High-Quality
           Xujiahe Source Rocks, Sichuan Basin, South China

    • Abstract: AbstractTriassic Xujiahe source rocks, the main gas source of shallow tight gas, are the most typical continental coal-bearing source rocks in the Sichuan Basin, South China. However, the organic matter enrichment section cannot be identified easily, leading to limited progress in the exploration of coal-bearing tight gas. This paper reveals the main controlling factors of the organic matter enrichment, reconstructs the evolution process of the Xujiahe palaeosedimentary environment, proposes a dynamic enrichment mechanism of the organic matter, and determines the organic matter enrichment section of the high-quality coal-bearing source rocks by geochemical characteristics of the source rocks, major elements, and trace elements. The results show that the Xujiahe sedimentary environment can be divided into a fluctuating stage of transitional sedimentation, stable stage of transitional sedimentation, fluctuating stage of continental sedimentation, and stable stage of continental sedimentation. The Xujiahe source rocks were featured with high-quality coal-bearing source rocks with high total organic carbon and maturity and good parent material in the stable stage of transitional sedimentation and fluctuating stage of continental sedimentation, in which the water was connected with the Palaeo-Tethys Ocean with abundant terrestrial organisms. The water was shallow in the fluctuating stage of transitional sedimentation with a low sedimentation rate, leading to poor organic matter enrichment. The Palaeo-Tethys Ocean withdrew westward from the Yangtze plate in the late period of the fluctuating stage of continental sedimentation, leading to the absence of algae and dinosteranes and a decrease in biological productivity in the stable stage of continental sedimentation. Therefore, high terrestrial inputs and biological productivity and high sedimentation rate were conducive to the organic matter preservation in the coal-bearing source rocks.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Controlling Factors and Quantitative Characterization of Pore Development
           in Marine-Continental Transitional Shale

    • Abstract: AbstractThe pore characteristics are studied in the overmatured marine-continental transitional (MCT) shale and simulated shale under different thermal maturity conditions, based on transitional and simulated shale samples in the eastern margin of Ordos Basin. The work uses high-pressure mercury intrusion (MICP), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), helium-mercury method, X-ray diffraction of whole-rock minerals, and hydrocarbon-generating thermal simulation to quantitatively analyze pore characteristics and main controlling factors of pore development. The results show that the shallow bay and lake facies (SBLF) shale has great exploration potential, while the delta facies (DF) shale has poor exploration potential. The SBLF shale is mainly characterized by pie shale, high quartz and carbonate, low clay, high porosity, and pore volume. The DF shale mainly develops dot shale with low quartz and carbonate content, high clay content, low porosity, and pore volume. Kaolinite has the strongest inhibition on MTC shale pore development. The pore volume of MTC shale decreases first and then increases with maturity. The pie shale is more conducive to the increase of pore volume than the dot shale. The effect of doubled TOC on porosity is greater than that of maturity in the dot shale. The effect of doubled TOC on porosity is less than that of maturity in the pie shale. Organic matter (OM) has the greatest impact on pore development, controlled by the OM content, sedimentary facies, and maturity. OM content, sedimentary facies, and maturity can be used to jointly characterize the MTC shale pore development, providing guidance for multiparameter quantitative characterization of pore development and determining the enrichment area of shale gas.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Novel Method of 3D Multipoint Geostatistical Inversion Using 2D Training

    • Abstract: AbstractThe seismic inversion method combined with multipoint geostatistics theory has begun to receive attention, but the acquisition accuracy and calculation efficiency of 3D training image still need more optimization. This paper presents a novel method of 3D multipoint geostatistical inversion based on 2D training images directly. The 2D training image was scanned by the data template to acquire the multipoint statistical probability in 2D direction. The probability fusion method is used to fuse the 2D multipoint probability into 3D multipoint probability. The rock facies types and patterns of the simulated points are obtained by random sampling. On this basis, the elastic parameters are extracted from the statistical rock physics model, and the seismic records are convoluted. Then, the synthetic records and the actual records were compared under a given threshold. If the error exceeds the given threshold, the iterative adaptive spatial sampling method will be used to repeat the process above-mentioned, so as to ensure that the error is below the threshold. Because the 2D training image is easy to obtain and evaluate, the demand problem of 3D training image is solved. The 2D training image scanning, probability storage and access are more convenient, and the adaptive spatial sampling method is more efficient than the reject sampling, so as to ensure the operation efficiency. The model from the Stanford Center for Reservoir Forecasting is selected to test the effectiveness of this newly designed method.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
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Heriot-Watt University
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