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Journal of Politics, Economy and Management
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2630-5933
Published by Mustafa Kemal University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • The Effects of Transformational Leadership Perception and Perceived
           Organizational Support on Organizational Trust

    • Authors: Saniye ÖZTÜRK; Osman USLU
      Abstract: Abstract: High levels of employee trust contribute to the formation of solidarity within the organization, increase work efficiency and organizational commitment, increase performance, and improve teamwork. For this reason, it is very valuable to establish trust in organizations and to examine its effects with many variables. The main purpose of this research is to determine the effects of employees' transformational leadership and organizational support perceptions on organizational trust levels. In the study, the effects of transformational leadership and organizational support perceptions on the sub-dimensions of organizational trust were also examined. The sample of the study consists of 390 white and blue-collar participants from different occupational groups working in the private or public sector between the ages of 18-65 throughout Turkey on a voluntary basis. The data of the research were obtained with the online survey technique and evaluated using the relevant quantitative analysis techniques. When the findings were examined, it was found that the transformational leadership and organizational support perceptions of the employees had a positive effect on their organizational trust levels. In the study, it was also found that the transformational leadership and organizational support perceptions of the employees had a positive effect on all sub-dimensions of organizational trust (trust in the manager, trust in the organization, and trust in colleagues). Finally, in the study, it was found that the transformational leadership perceptions of the employees had a positive effect on the perception of organizational support.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Ahmet DOĞAN
      Abstract: Today, the use of information systems technologies, both individually and institutionally, is becoming widespread daily. With this widespread effect, technological change and transformation, reflected in all areas of life, have brought many digital revolutions. Digital revolution, digital age, industry 4.0, super smart society (society 5.0), metaverse, nft, blockchain, etc. concepts emerge as a result of this change and transformation. Digital revolution, digital age, industry 4.0, super smart society (society 5.0), metaverse, nft, blockchain, etc. concepts emerge as a result of this change and transformation. When all these technological developments are considered together, it is obvious that the need for qualified employees who can use and manage these technologies effectively is increasing. The most crucial share in meeting this need undoubtedly falls on the universities. Many undergraduate and graduate programs in universities operate for this purpose. Management information systems programs are one of them. When the YÖK undergraduate atlas is examined, it can be said that the interest in management information systems programs has increased daily. This study aims to measure the perceptions of Osmaniye Korkut Ata University Management Information Systems undergraduate students on MIS skills and competencies. In this context, a face-to-face survey was applied to 130 MIS undergraduate students aged 18-27. Analyzes were made with the IBM SPSS statistical V21 SPSS package program. Frequency analysis, independent sample t-test, and anova analysis were used to analyze the data. According to the results obtained, it was observed that the MIS skills and competence perceptions of the students in the frequency analysis differed significantly about the undergraduate program and business life. According to the results of the t-test analysis, it has been determined that the gender factor is not essential in the students' opinions in general. According to the ANOVA analysis results, no significant difference was found between the students' opinions regarding the class independent variable.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Association Between the Labor Force and Socio-Economic forces in
           Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from a VECM approach

    • Authors: Sadık Aden DIRIR
      Abstract: Since gaining independence in the 1960s, education has dramatically increased in African nations. Immediate emphasis was placed on human resource development to advance and modernize many economic areas. As a result, education was seen as a development instrument since it produced a larger number of skilled workforces, which helped to build a critical mass of experts and specialists for economic development. In this study, we explored the association between the labor force and socio-economic forces in Sub-Saharan Africa from the period 2000 to 2020. A vector error correction model was exercised to observe the long-run and short-term cointegration between the labor force and explanatory factors such as literacy rate, economic growth, government expenditure, and progression to the secondary school level. What’s more, we discerned the causality among the variables to conclude if there is a unidirectional or bidirectional relationship. The findings demonstrated that in the short run socioeconomic forces do not have any considerable impact on the labor force. Nonetheless, the long-run results revealed that economic growth and progression to the secondary education level have a positive impact on the labor force. Whilst, the Sub-Saharan African government’s expenditure presented a negative impact on the labor force. Last but not least, the literacy rate exhibited an insignificant impact which suggests how inconsequential the literacy rate is to determine the labor force in Africa. Further, the findings will assist managers, scholars, and lawmakers in identifying the appropriate types of measures required in their fields of expertise or countries of interest in order to capitalize on the labor force and upgrade the current policies and reforms concerning the workforce, employment, and job market.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Tuba PARLAR
      Abstract: Abstract: Blockchain technology is a distributed ledger architecture that allows us to manage user data and digital assets. Cryptocurrency systems, which are proposed based on blockchain architecture, and virtual economy and financial systems are gradually developing. The innovative side of blockchain architecture is that instead of a central server, it maintains a distributed ledger in the internet environment with a decentralized structure. Blockchain technology supports the emergence of innovative financial services in the field of finance with its robust architectural structure offered by mechanisms such as hash functions, asymmetric encryption, and consensus algorithms. In this study, the opportunities created by the services of decentralized finance that come with blockchain technology are evaluated with their difficulties and risks.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Crypto Asset Transactions and Bitcoin Accounting

    • Authors: Mustafa ÇAM
      Abstract: In recent years, although cryptocurrencies have not yet been legally widely accepted, transaction volumes have reached significant dimensions. Among the reasons for this increase; Advantages such as high rate of return, elimination of intermediaries, leaving the money control completely to oneself, not being dependent on a central authority, easy transfer, and very low transaction costs are effective. This expansion in the transaction volumes of cryptocurrencies, besides the legal problems, has also brought up the issue of controlling the crypto money in the businesses and the transactions made with these currencies, taxation of the profits, and accounting of crypto assets. In this article; current studies on cryptocurrencies are discussed in order to solve the current need. Regarding the accounting process, cryptocurrencies were handled as cash and cash equivalents, stocks, financial instruments, assets held for sale and intangible assets, and an application proposal was presented. The subject has been examined within the framework of legal regulations and accounting standards.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Reflections of Developments in IT on Turkish Law: Analysis of Postgraduate

    • Authors: Ali İhsan BENZER; Ferhat KALKMAZ
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the postgraduate theses maded in the departments of law, which are the subject of legal regulations related to the developments in information technologies. As a result of the searching carried out in the National Thesis Center of the Council of Higher Education, the 367 thesis studies were selected and examined for the aims of the study. The findings are presented as graphic and tables together. According to the findings obtained as a result of the research; The number of master's theses among the theses that are the subject of the research is higher than the doctoral theses. It was seen that the most of theses was published in 2021. It was determined that most of the theses are in the field of public law, and the most theses were made in Ankara University. While the majority of the theses in the field of public law are on the "Turkish Criminal Code", most of the theses in the field of private law are on the "Turkish Code of Obligations", "The Law on Intellectual and Artistic Works" and "The Law on the Protection of Personal Data". It has been determined that most of the theses in the field of private law are about intellectual and work rights, personal data and legal responsibility, while most of the theses in the field of public law are about the regulations made under the section of "Crimes in the Field of Informatics".
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Harun KAYA; Akın MARŞAP
      Abstract: Workplace bullying is a common and important situation that negatively affects organizations and employees. In this study, the approaches in the literature on the concept of workplace bullying are discussed. In the study, an evaluation was made on the types of workplace bullying, the models related to bullying and the possible effects of bullying. In addition, workplace bullying has been evaluated separately in terms of the private sector and the public sector. Findings from the literature review show that the measures to be taken against bullying, which affects the peace, health and welfare of the employees, are necessary for the productivity and sustainability of the workplaces.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Development of the Silk Industry in the Ottoman and Republican Periods
           and Its Situation in Hatay Province

    • Authors: Mehmet YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Silk production and silk weaving industry has been a sector that maintains its importance throughout history. This sector also requires special skills. On the other hand, it has been the number one tool that provides commercial relations between the Far East and the Western world. Silk products were not only a trade tool, but also mediated cultural exchange and therefore globalization. In this study, first of all, the historical development of sericulture and how it became widespread in Anatolia are discussed. Then, silk production and usage capacity in the Ottoman period were discussed. Since Antakya and Iskenderun were on the Silk Roads, they served as a bridge between the East and Europe. Antakya was not only a point of transfer of commercial goods, but also an important place for production. Antakya silk weaving products became famous among the wealthy of Europe and in the churches. Unfortunately, with the First World War, Antakya lost its importance in this sector to a great extent. In the Republican period, some policies were applied again to improve sericulture. However, as in all of Turkey, this sector has not regained its former power in Antakya. In the study, all this historical process has been discussed with data. Today, Turkey's share in world silk production is almost non-existent. Although some efforts have been made to improve sericulture in Antakya in recent years, these are still insufficient. In this study, some policy suggestions are presented in order to give more importance to the silk industry, which provides employment and has high added value.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Avoiding Stupid Puma Syndrome in Organizations: The Importance of
           Effective Decision-Making Process

    • Authors: Can BİÇER
      Abstract: In this study, the importance of making effective decisions in organizations will be focused and the major steps of the effective decision-making process will be outlined. In addition, a conceptual framework will be provided based on the previous studies and literature in order to emphasize the crucial role of the effective decision making in organizations. First, a decision is an important step of selection or choice of one action from several alternative options and it is clear that decision-making is the essence of management and organizations should make decisions continually at every level and these decisions vary from managerial or strategic to routine operational decisions. However, these decisions must be capable of being implemented though they are at the individual or organizational level and should persuade other individuals as they are feasible and rational in organizations. Additionally, an organization can accomplish its short-term and long-term organizational goals through an effective decision process by avoiding solely relying on intuition or "gut reaction." Hence, decision-making is not a random process, and before making important decisions, it is important to seek good information and to avoid various challenges and common pitfalls because decisions have a long-term effect on employee motivation, organizational goals and performance. In sum, in this study, the importance of effective decision-making process will be analyzed within the concept of stupid puma syndrome and the major steps of decision-making process in organizations will be outlined.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
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Heriot-Watt University
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