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ISSN (Print) 1858-1307
Published by Trunojoyo University Homepage  [5 journals]
  • An Analysis Of Leading And Potential Sectors In The Development Of
           Archipelagic Areas (A Case Study in East Seram Regency, Maluku)

    • Authors: Untung F Rumau, Hendri D Hahury, Ali Tutupoho, Fredy H Louhenapessy, Fibryano Saptenno
      Pages: 307 - 316
      Abstract: This study aims to understand leading and potential sectors in the development of archipelagic area. This study used time-series data obtained from Statistics Indonesia in the form of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of East Seram Regency, Maluku Province with location quotient and shift share at the analysis tools. The results show that East Seram Regency has 4 basic sectors – including agricultural, forestry and fisheries; mining and quarrying; real estate; and health service and social activity – in addition to 13 non basic sectors. Meanwhile, the economic sectors which have the potential to grow faster and are specialized include the agriculture, forestry and fisheries; mining and quarrying; processing industry, electricity and gas supply; water supply, sewerage, waste and recycling management; construction; wholesale and retail trade, and car and motorcycle repairs; provision of accommodation and food and beverages; information and communication; financial and insurance service; real estate; corporate service; public administration, and defense and compulsory social security; education service; health service and social activity; and other services. Further, the differential shift components which are found to be positive and growing faster compared to the GRDP of Maluku Province consist of the agriculture, forestry and fisheries; wholesale and retail trade, and car and motorcycle repairs; transportation and warehousing; provision of accommodation and food and beverages; financial and insurance service; and real estate. Furthermore, the development pattern in East Seram Regency still adopts the development pattern in continental areas as evidenced by the economic sectors in the marine and waters whose potential have not been fully utilized.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17098
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Determinants Of Non-Performing Loans In Indonesia

    • Authors: Yohana Wahyu Prasetyowatie, Sugeng Hariadi
      Pages: 317 - 328
      Abstract: Non-performing loans (NPLs) are a typical sign of stress testing from financial institutions and may be used to measure the financial system's health. The critical criterion for achieving financial system stability is macroeconomic stability. Instability in the financial system (financial crisis) impairs a bank's liquidity and might lead to more problematic loans, impacting other industries. The association between NPL and numerous macroeconomic variables, including Interest Rate Spreads, Inflation, Percentage of Open Disruption, and Amount of Foreign Exchange Reserves in Indonesia, is examined in this paper. The study used the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) method to estimate data for a sample period of 2000 to 2020. In the long run, inflation factors, the number of open jobless, and the number of foreign exchange reserves all substantially impacted the ratio of non-performing loans, according to the findings. However, no variables influenced the percentage of non-performing loans in the short run.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17097
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Analysis of The Effect of Information and Communication Technology on the
           Production of Micro and Small Enterprises in Indonesia

    • Authors: Taufik Heryasa, Atik Purmiyati
      Pages: 329 - 342
      Abstract: At present, the Indonesian business world is still dominated by Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE). From the results of the 2016-Advanced Economic Census, the number of these businesses reached more than 26 million businesses or 98.68 percent of the total non-agricultural businesses in Indonesia. This business is also able to absorb more than 59 million workers or around 75.33 percent of the total non-agricultural workforce. The advantages of MSEs include generally producing consumer goods and services that are close to the needs of the community, not relying on imported raw materials and more utilizing local resources both in terms of human resources, capital, raw materials, and equipment, and using their own capital or not supported by loans. from the bank. On the other hand, the limitations of MSEs include the lack of access to banking, the ability and knowledge of human resources that are still low so that they are managed in a simple way, the use of limited technology, and has not been able to keep up with changing consumer tastes, especially those that are export-oriented. The rapid development of information and communication technology has an impact on changes in lifestyle, including consumption patterns and the way people sell and shop. The phenomenon of e-commerce provides an easy way to shop for people by not having to come directly to the store. This can be used by MSEs to reach larger consumers so as to increase their production and income. This study aims to analyze the effect of Information and Communication Technology on the production of Micro and Small Enterprises in Indonesia. This study uses panel data from 34 provinces in Indonesia between 2015-2020 which is estimated using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results show that capital, labor, computer users, fixed wireline users, cellular phone users, internet users and telecommunications expenses simultaneously have a positive and significant impact on the production of Micro and Small Enterprises in Indonesia. Partially, capital has a positive and significant effect on the production of Micro and Small Enterprises in Indonesia. On the other hand, telecommunications spending has a negative and insignificant effect on the production of Micro and Small Enterprises in Indonesia. While other variables have a positive and insignificant effect on economic growth in Indonesia. With these results, it is hoped that the government will issue policies to support micro and small businesses in increasing the use of information and communication technology to increase their production. Among other things, by building telecommunications infrastructure in areas that are not yet adequate, providing education to micro and small business actors in using information and communication technology, and providing light credit in the form of smartphones and computers to micro and small businesses so that they can be used to promote their products on the internet.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.14599
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Analysis of Poverty Determinants in The Bali Province 2015-2020

    • Authors: Resky Tri Nur Said, Gatot Sasongko
      Pages: 343 - 356
      Abstract: Poverty is a long-term problem in economic development in a country, especially developing countries. This study aims to analyze the effect of economic growth, population, the number of unemployed (TPT), minimum wage, and human development index (IPM) on poverty in Bali Province. The approach used in this research is quantitative with secondary data obtained from the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) for 2015-2020. The method used to analyze the factors that influence poverty in Bali Province is panel data regression. Based on the results of the study showed that partial economic growth has no effect on poverty. This condition occurs because economic growth in Bali Province has not been inclusive. The minimum wage and the Human Development Index have a negative effect on poverty so an increase in the minimum wage and the HDI will reduce poverty significantly. The number of unemployed and the total population have a positive effect on poverty in the Province of Bali. Simultaneously economic growth, population, number of unemployed (TPT), minimum wage, and human development index (IPM) have a significant effect on poverty in Bali Province.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17020
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Company Characteristics as a Determinant of Tax Aggressiveness in Real
           Estate and Property Companies in Indonesia

    • Authors: Kautsar Riza Salman
      Pages: 357 - 364
      Abstract: This study aims to obtain empirical evidence regarding the effect of company characteristics on the level of tax aggressiveness. The level of tax aggressiveness is measured by the effective tax rate (ETR). Company characteristics in this study are represented by leverage, capital intensity, inventory intensity, and liquidity. The population in this study are all companies engaged in real estate and property and listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) for the 2015-2019 period. This study's empirical finding is that leverage positively affects the effective tax rate (ETR). High leverage results in a lower level of tax aggressiveness because it is proven that companies pay higher income taxes. This study did not find the effect of capital intensity, inventory intensity, and liquidity on the level of tax aggressiveness. The policy implication for tax institutions is that high leverage on real estate and property companies does not necessarily increase the tendency of corporate tax aggressiveness; even the research results show the opposite result.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.16298
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Perception of Trusmi Cirebon Batik Products on The Role of Sharia
           Banking Micro, Small, and Medium Industry

    • Authors: Huuruniin Huuruniin, Asyari Hasan
      Pages: 365 - 375
      Abstract: The presence of Islamic banks is expected to have an extraordinary impact on the growth of the real sector, especially Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. This study aims to analyze the Perceptions of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises of Trusmi Cirebon Batik Products on the Role of Islamic Banking. This research is descriptive qualitative, a case study of Batik Trusmi Cirebon. The findings of this study, that the perception of Batik Trusmi Cirebon's Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise's home industry on the role of Islamic banking is still very minimal, and product socialization from Islamic banks are still low, so Batik Trusmi Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises are not interested in making loans or financing at banks. Islam. Some of the factors that influence this condition include Islamic banks whose procedures are considered complicated to understand, unfamiliar product terms, uncertainty, and fear of financing in Islamic banks. The mentoring program also really needs to be carried out by Islamic banks. By providing mentoring programs, people will automatically get to know Islamic banks without having to carry out socialization which is sometimes less effective.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17017
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Analysis of Economic Inequality In Banyuwangi Regency

    • Authors: Yeni Puspita, Galih Wicaksono, Edy Wahyudi
      Pages: 376 - 384
      Abstract: Banyuwangi Regency is one of the regencies in East Java that has a higher economic growth rate than East Java's economic growth. Likewise, the poverty rate in Banyuwangi in 2019 was 7.52 percent, this figure is much lower than the East Java Province average of 10.2 percent (Central Statistics Agency, 2019). Poverty in Banyuwangi Regency is contributed by several sub-districts, namely Kalibaru, Licin, Songgon, and Glenmore, where the percentage of poverty is above 10%, while other sub-districts such as Giri, Tegaldimo, and Sempu the percentage of the number of poor people is below 6%. This indicates the occurrence of economic inequality, where there are vertical and horizontal differences that cause disparities or uneven development. This study aims to see how the economic inequality in Banyuwangi Regency. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The object of this research is all sub-districts in Banyuwangi Regency. The data is obtained by distributing questionnaires and conducting interviews with the Office which is directly related to indicators of economic inequality. The results of the study found that there were several sub-districts that still lacked the availability of health facilities and educational facilities, the Stunting Rate was still high in some sub-districts, the distribution of UMKM in the Banyuwangi district was evenly distributed, and there were several sub-districts whose UMKM had not yet developed, the number of unemployed was still scattered in several districts, The provision of social assistance still has the problem of mistargeting so that the achievement of the goal of social assistance is not achieved.

      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17741
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Growth Pole Economics In The South West Coast Of Aceh

    • Authors: Fakhruddin Fakhruddin, Cut Risya Varlitya, Ema Alemina, Sufirmansyah Sufirmansyah, Irham Iskandar
      Pages: 385 - 401
      Abstract: This research aims to identify alternative areas as the new growth pole and formulate a development strategy in the South West region of Aceh. The methods used are Klassen typology, gravity models, and breaking point. The scope of this research covers 7 (seven) districts and 1 (one) city for the period of 2011 to 2016. The entire district and city are assumed to be an economic unit treated as a parent area for all districts/cities. The results showed that, firstly, there could be 2 (two) growth poles if we divided by coastal areas, namely Nagan Raya District for the west coastal region of Aceh and  Southwest Aceh District for the southern coastal region of Aceh.  However, Nagan Raya Regency is the alternative choice for the new growth pole in South West  region of Aceh. Secondly, the improvement of the agricultural, forestry and fishery sectors as well as the development of human resources in accordance with the needs of the labor market is necessary to be able to develop the new center of economic growth.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.10588
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Developing Creative Fashion Industry in Central Java Province

    • Authors: Agus Budi Santosa, Agung Nusantara, Sri Nawatmi
      Pages: 402 - 411
      Abstract: The advantage of the fashion industry are contributing to creating a workforce and creating high values of various commodities. The growth of the industrial sector becomes the mainstay of local government to increase Indonesia’s economy as one of the most dominant economic sectors. This article will analyze strategies and policies to develop the fashion industry with SWOT analysis. The research results showed the strengths aspects, like supportive local sources, cultural wealth, and available facilities and infrastructures. The supporting of opportunity aspects is the open chances of domestic and foreign markets and government concern and support. Developing human resources competencies, developing promotion as well as fashion product marketing, and cost aspects were conducted to develop the creative industry.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17101
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect of Employment And Marriage on The Level of Community Welfare
           (Studies in Health Sector) in Indonesia

    • Authors: Ranivita Ika Prasetiyaningtyas, Rochmat Aldy Purnomo, Sayid Abas, Choirul Hamidah, Yeni Cahyono
      Pages: 412 - 423
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of household health level on the level of
      welfare in Indonesia. Health is a human right and one of the elements of welfare that must be realized in accordance with the ideals of the Indonesian nation referred to in Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Health is an indicator of welfare for the community, so that every community has the right to obtain health services good and quality. The level of welfare is one of the achievements of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The problem that forms the basis of this research is to find out how much influence labor and marriage have on the level of social welfare, especially in the health sector in Indonesia. The research method used is a quantitative method with a linear regression model using secondary data. To find out the variables that influence the level of household health on the level of welfare in Indonesia, the variables used are marital status and the employment sector. To explain the level of household welfare, a cross-tabulation analysis was carried out. Meanwhile, to examine the relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variable, linear regression analysis was used. The research results obtained that the level of welfare in the health sector is influenced by employment variables and marriage variables. So it can be concluded that people who have jobs and are married have a much better level of welfare in the health sector. The hope is that all people in Indonesia are expected to obtain quality health facilities so that their level of welfare increases. Health improvement can be done by increasing medical facilities and improving the quality of medical staff

      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.11647
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Study of Response Analysis of Youth Unemployment Rate in Economy
           Globalization In Asean

    • Authors: Riniati M P, Duwi Yunitasari, Desy Arishanti
      Pages: 424 - 432
      Abstract: Unemployment is a variable of concern to many countries. The unemployment rate has a negative nature on economic growth in a country. So that various policies were formed in an effort to minimize the increase in the number of unemployed. This study focuses on the Youth Unemployment Response to economic globalization in ASEAN by using secondary time series data from 2010 to 2019.In this study, it was found that the economic globalization aspect gave rise to several different responses to Youth Unemployment in ASEAN. Changes in trade globalization for the period one to ten gave rise to a positive response, while in the aspect of financial globalization it was responded negatively by the youth unemployment rate. In the aspect of youth unemployment responsiveness, the variables of financial and trade globalization have contributed greatly to the increase in the number of youth unemployed in ASEAN. This can be a recommendation for the government, especially Indonesia, in boosting young unemployed people to stay in a safe position. But on the other hand, it does not rule out the flow of economy globalization.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.16864
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Analysis of Poverty Determination in Madura 2010 - 2019

    • Authors: Kamilah Kamilah, Teguh Hadi Priyono, Duwi Yunitasari, Sunlip Wibisono
      Pages: 433 - 449
      Abstract: One of the largest’s poverty percentage in East Java Province is on Madura insland.
      The average percentage of poverty in district on Madura Island is higher than the
      percentage of poverty in East Java Province. Based on this, it is known that the
      poverty rate in Madura is above East Java Province, reaching more than 20 percent.
      This study aims to determine the effect of the independent variables of economic
      growth, Unemployment Rate, Inequality of Income Distribution on Poverty Levels
      on Madura Island. In this case, the data used is panel data which is a combination
      of the time series, namely 2010 – 2019 and the latitude series of 4 districts in
      Madura. The data analysis method used in this research is panel data regression.
      The results of this study are the variable economic growth (X1) has a negative and
      significant effect on poverty in Madura Island. The Variable Unemployment Rate
      (X2) has a positive and insignificant effect on poverty in Madura Island. Income
      distribution inequality variable (X3) has a negative and significant effect on poverty
      in Madura Island
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.15810
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Economic Growth Pole, Location Quotient, Gravity Models, And Breaking

    • Authors: Triwuli Handayani, Ni Made Sukartini
      Pages: 450 - 459
      Abstract: Indonesia is country that has a plural society. The plural society here is interpreted
      by the diversity of social identities, namely ethnicity, language, and religion. This
      study aims to analyze the effect of diversity of economic potential and the diversity
      of social identities on acess to electricity distribution provided by the government
      in rural areas of Indonesia. The data source used is secondary data, which are
      Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS-Statistics Indonesia) data on village potential, namely
      Potensi Desa (PODES) in 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014 and 2018. The analysis used is
      pooled cross section regression. The estimation results using Ordinary Least Square
      (OLS) found as follows. The OLS estimation found in terms of social diversity, the
      distribution of access to electricity outside Java is better than in Java. Meanwhile,
      based on economic diversity and geographical barriers and accessibility, villages in
      Java have better access to electricity than Non-Java.

      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.14609
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Role Of Information Technology In Improving The Competitiveness Of
           Small And Medium Enterprises In Gowa District

    • Authors: Enny Radjab
      Pages: 460 - 470
      Abstract: The Ministry of Cooperatives and MSMEs of the Republic of Indonesia stated that the number of MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) has a market of up to 99.99% or around 62.9 million business units from all business actors nationally which absorbs labor up to 97% of the total employment. work proportionally. The development of MSMEs is a big change that is felt during the Covid-19 pandemic. During the Covid-19 pandemic, MSME actors must think about surviving for the sake of their business continuity. This condition limits the movement of community activities so that all consumer needs during the pandemic are transferred online. Digital marketing is one way to open communication between potential consumers and sellers, which is done without real-time restrictions. In the current digital era, many business actors do not have a shop directly, but they trade online or through internet media. The contribution of MSMEs to employment, both in developed and developing countries, including Indonesia, has a significant role in overcoming the problem of unemployment. In the current global economic era, business actors are required to make changes to increase their competitiveness. One of the most important factors is an information technology (IT). The use of IT can enhance business transformation with the speed, accuracy, and efficiency of exchanging information on a large scale. MSMEs are said to have global competitiveness if they can carry out their business operations in a reliable, balanced, and high-standard manner.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17245
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Economic Growth, Unemployment, and Human Development on Poverty in North
           Sumatra Province in 2011-2020

    • Authors: Juni Florida Sirait, Tri Haryanto
      Pages: 471 - 480
      Abstract: National development that is running in Indonesia is expected to create an even
      distribution of welfare so that no one is left behind and experiences poverty.
      However, the fact is that the development only touches the interests of certain
      groups and the results can only be enjoyed by a few people. This study aims to
      analyze the effect of economic growth, unemployment and human development on poverty levels in North Sumatra during 2011-2020. The analytical method used
      in this research is panel data regression with Random Effect Model (REM). The
      results showed that economic growth and human development had a negative and
      significant impact on poverty in North Sumatra Province. In contrast to the results
      found in unemployment, this variable has no statistically significant effect on
      poverty in this province. The results of this study are expected to be able to enrich
      references in reducing regional poverty levels. There is a need for government
      intervention to increase economic growth and human development. Increasing
      economic growth can be done by expanding job opportunities, especially during the current covid pandemic, while increasing human development can be intervened through education subsidies, and cheap health services, especially for the poor.

      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.11070
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Determinants of the Human Development Index (HDI) in Indonesia, 2014 -

    • Authors: Dwi Palupi Panglipuring Tyas, Ni Made Sukartini
      Pages: 481 - 495
      Abstract: Human development is a process of community change in improving the welfare and
      prosperity of their lives which includes aspects of health, education, economic and
      social aspects. This study aims to analyze the effect of protein intake, early marriage,
      health and educational facilities, unemployment, and MSMEs on HDI in Indonesia.
      The OLS and FEM model are used to estimate Indonesia’s 34 provinces panel data
      set from 2014 in 2021. The study results show the life expectancy was affected by
      protein consumption, number of hospitals, and health centers. The average length of
      schooling is affected by the number of elementary, high school, and vocational schools and is influenced by the number of elementary and vocational school teachers. Gross Domestic Regional Product (GRDP) per capita is affected by unemployment rate and MSMEs. The increasing of protein consumption, early marriages evidences, number of health care provision, number of school are correlated on HDI. Furthermore, HDI is also affectef by the reduction of unemployment and number of MSMEs.

      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.14610
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Analysis of Marketing Strategy in Achieving Banking Goals at PT Bank Xyz

    • Authors: Duta Mustajab
      Pages: 496 - 506
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the marketing strategy that has run the company and to determine the relationship marketing strategy through SWOT analysis carried out by the company in relation to the achievement of corporate goals. While the methods of analysis used in this study is an analysis of SWOT analysis is to mngetahui strengths and weaknesses and the opportunities and threats faced by the Bank in the implementation of marketing strategies. Based on the results of the study showed that based on the evaluation of the implementation of the marketing strategy implementation SWOT banking services , especially in the company of PT. Bank Mandiri Branch Makassar, which indicates that the marketing strategies undertaken so far in the marketing of banking services has been able to minimize weaknesses and threats in implementing strategies that have been carried out and in addition the power and opportunities are more prominent when compared to the weaknesses and threats. Based on the results of the SWOT analysis , the strategy is suitable for use in the marketing of banking services at PT. Bank Mandiri Branch Makassar is an aggressive strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17568
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Creative Behavior In The Online Fashion Business

    • Authors: Ratih Indriyani, Kevin Christanto
      Pages: 507 - 518
      Abstract: Fashion secror has been increasing in Indonesia.Creativity is important thing for an online business to be able to survive and compete in the digital market. Some variables that can improve creative behavior are accurate market orientation and effective use of social media. The purpose of the research is to analyze the influence of market orientation and social media usage on creative behavior in online businesses in the fashion sector in Surabaya. By using purposive sampling method, 132 online businesses in the fashion sector in Surabaya have been selected as respondents. This research used quantitative approach of this explanatory using partial least square. Result of this study describe that market orientation  has a significant influence on creative behavior, on the other side, social media usage has usage has a significant influence on creative behavior . This research also show that market orientation  has significant influence on creative behavior throug social media usage  among online businesses fashion sector in Surabaya.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.10578
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect of Organizational Commitment, Competence on Satisfaction and
           Performance of Lecturers at the Makassar South Sulawesi Maritime

    • Authors: Siti Zulaikah, Mulyadi Hamid, Sri Adrianti Muin
      Pages: 519 - 533
      Abstract: This study aims to determine and analyze the effect of commitment, competence on the satisfaction and performance of the lecturers of the Makassar South Sulawesi Shipping Science Polytechnic.
      The research approach used in this study is a quantitative method with an explanatory approach. From the total population data, the slovin formula was used to obtain a sample of 100 respondents.
      These results indicate that the path coefficient between the variables, namely job satisfaction has no positive and significant effect on lecturer performance, organizational commitment directly affects lecturer job satisfaction, organizational commitment has a positive and significant effect on lecturer performance, competence directly has a positive and significant effect on satisfaction work and competence did not have a positive and significant effect on the performance of lecturers at the Makassar South Sulawesi Shipping Polytechnic
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17574
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Influence of Local Government Expenditures for Education and and
           Education Levels on Poverty Levels in Aceh Province

    • Authors: Indah Mukthadila
      Pages: 534 - 540
      Abstract: This study intends to assess the impact of government spending and education on
      poverty alleviation. Panel data is used from 2015 to 2019 in 23 districts/cities in
      Aceh Province to analyze the impact of government spending on education and the number of graduates in poverty alleviation. The results of the study show that high school/vocational high school graduates and undergraduates contribute significantly to poverty alleviation. This study reveals that government spending on education and graduates at the elementary, junior high, diploma, and master/doctoral levels does not have a direct impact on poverty reduction. This study recommends that the Provincial Government of Aceh provide various alternative secondary education services in accordance with the educational model needed to obtain good human resources in terms of education. In addition, it is hoped that the realization of spending on education can improve or increase access and facilities in areas that still lack facilities and teaching staff so that all Indonesian people get an equal education. Then, the government must start programs such as entrepreneurship training so that graduates are able to open new business opportunities which are ultimately expected to be able to improve the living standards of the people of Aceh Province and get out of the cycle of poverty.

      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.11726
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect of Quality of Human Resources on Economic Growth in Malang

    • Authors: Rismawati Rismawati
      Pages: 541 - 551
      Abstract: Performance as one of the main points in the economic development of a country, this is also known as growth. The expected economic growth must of course be of quality, where there is a growth that occurs and has a sensitivity to unemployment and existing poverty. This study aims to determine the influence of the Quality of Human Resources in Economic Growth in Malang Regency. This study uses secondary data analysis which aims to provide an explanation of the role of the quality of human resources on economic growth in Malang district in the 2011 to 2020 fiscal year. The secondary data consists of (1) economic growth seen from constant price GRDP, (2) population in productive age, (3) the proportion of the population aged 10 years who have a high school education and, (4) Life Rate and Expectations at birth. The data is processed using Multiple Linear Regression. The results in the study show that (1) the proportion of the population of productive age has a positive and insignificant effect on economic growth, (2) high school education and above has a positive and significant effect on economic growth, (3) health life expectancy has no significant effect on economic growth. The quality of human resources as measured by using three variables as independent variables has a significant effect on economic growth. The influence of these three variables is very significant both in their position as individual variables (independently) or jointly or simultaneously has a significant effect on economic growth. 
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17580
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Efforts to Increase Free Regional Original Income on the Ponorogo Regency
           Regional Tax Road-Map for 2022-2026

    • Authors: Yulia Krismya Putri, Rochmat Aldy Purnomo, Yeni Cahyono, Slamet Santoso, Sayid Abas
      Pages: 552 - 564
      Abstract: Local tax revenue is the largest source of local revenue. Conditions in Ponorogo Regency in the local tax revenue sector have decreased in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The government must prepare a strategy and design to recover lost tax revenues in 2020. Projections are made to find out the amount of local tax revenue, especially in Ponorogo Regency in the coming 2022-2026. This study aims to calculate and project the value of regional tax revenue for Ponorogo Regency in 2022-2026 and design activities so that these projections can be fulfilled. Secondary data obtained from the Office of Revenue, Financial Management and Regional Assets of Ponorogo Regency. The largest revenue from the Regional Tax for Ponorogo Regency in 2013-2021 is land and building taxes with a total of 250,443,706,350 and the lowest is the groundwater tax post which only reaches 1,862,439,630. However, after making projections for 2022-2026 the largest tax post occurs in total hotels with a value of 6,072,824,558 and the lowest tax post occurs with a parking tax of 722,938,090. The value of the highest tax item has changed in the hotel tax post as well as the hidden tax item in the parking tax which has changed in its entirety from before the projection was carried out. So it is necessary to renew new activity programs in order to increase tax items that are still low and maintain tax items that are already large.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17018
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect Of Covid-19 On Textile and Apparel Industries In Indonesia

    • Authors: Sari Sari, Bambang Eko Afiatno
      Pages: 565 - 577
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted all sectors of life, including the economy. One of the the sectors most negatively affected by the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia is textile and apparel industry. This study investigates Indonesian textile and apparel export volumes, exchange rate of rupiah to us dollar and covid-19 as a dummy variable on the export performance of textile and apparel industry. This study used data from Statistics Indonesia, the World Trade Organization and the Federal Reserve Bank for January 2019 to December 2020 and analyzed by using time series forecasting with multiple linear regression. The export performance of textiles and apparel is proxied by total export of Indonesian textiles and apparel. The result of this study indicates that performance of Indonesian textile and apparel exports during the covid-19 outbreak in Indonesia decreased by 11.04% compared to normal conditions. Instead of being affected by the pandemic in the country, the pandemic that occurred in export destination countries could also reduce the value of Indonesia's textile and apparel exports, with the highest declines occurring in the USA (23.85%). Government can start by reducing the requirements for export destinations to America to recover the value of textile and apparel exports. In addition, the government can also reduce the burden on textile and apparel companies during the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.14578
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect Of Original Regional Income And General Allocation Funds On
           Capital Expenditure of Central Sulawesi Province The Year 2015-2019

    • Authors: Abdul Latif, Andi Mardiana, St. Aisyah
      Pages: 578 - 586
      Abstract: This study mainly aims, first, to find out the significant evidence of the effect of local revenue on capital expenditures in Central Sulawesi Province, Second, to understand the significant evidence of general allocation funds' effect on capital expenditures in Central Sulawesi Province, Third, to analyze the significant evidence of local revenue and general allocation funds simultaneously on capital expenditure in Central Sulawesi Province. The type of research used is quantitative data. Funds used in this research are secondary data provided by the Directorate General of Fiscal Balance ( by making Central Sulawesi Province which consists of 13 districts and municipality into the area under study. The results showed partial hypothesis testing that, first, Local Own Income (X1) has no significant effect on Capital Expenditures (Y). Second, General Allocation Fund (X2) has no significant effect on Capital Expenditure (Y). Meanwhile, the simultaneous hypothesis testing results show that Local Own Revenue (X1) and General Allocation Fund (X2) have a significant effect on Capital Expenditure (Y). Keywords: Regional Original Income, General Allocation Fund, Capital Expenditure
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.15914
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Corruption and FDI Inflows in Indonesia

    • Authors: Cynthia Yohannaa, Suyanto Suyanto
      Pages: 587 - 599
      Abstract: The inflows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to a country depend on many factorszzne of the crucial factors is the corruption index, which represents a pivotal aspect in Global Investment Competitiveness (GIC). This research analyzes the impact of the corruption perception index on FDI inflows to Indonesia. Other variables affecting FDI are Gross Domestic Product (GDP), inflation rate, and population. Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) is used to estimate the time series sample between 1995 and 2019. Following the time series procedure, several tests are conducted on the dataset before applying VECM: unit-root, optimum lag, and cointegration. The main finding shows that the higher the corruption index, the higher the FDI Inflows, implicating that low corruption attracts more FDI inflows to Indonesia. Other findings are that an increase in GDP attracts more FDI, an increase in inflation rate reduces FDI inflows, and an increase in population increases FDI inflows. The policy implication of the findings is related to an effort in attracting more FDI inflows requires a substantial endeavor in combating corruption and increasing the Corruption Perception Index of Indonesia from time to time.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17019
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Changes in Inflation and Exchange Rates on Investment Decisions in
           Sectoral Shares on the Indonesia Stock Exchange

    • Authors: Aldhi Herlando, Sishadiyati Sishadiyati
      Pages: 600 - 607
      Abstract: This research was conducted on the basis of different perceptions regarding the influence of domestic macroeconomics on stock prices. The independent variables used in this study are inflation and exchange rates, while the dependent variable used is the share price of the Indonesia Stock Exchange's Sectoral Index. This study uses monthly data from January 2018 to December 2020. The analysis technique used is multiple regression analysis. There are three findings in this research. First, inflation has a partial effect on most of the sectoral indices except for the Basic Industry Sector Index, the Financial Sector Index and the Trade Sector Index. Second, the Exchange Rate has a partial effect on most of the Sectoral Indices except for the Mining Sector Index and the Trade Sector Index. Third, inflation is the most dominant variable affecting the eight sectoral indices, while the rest is dominated by exchange rates.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.14446
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Characteristics and Determinants Of Precarious Employment In Indonesia

    • Authors: Oni Prasetyo Utomo, Lilik Sugiharti
      Pages: 608 - 619
      Abstract: Precarious employment is indicator of non-standard work that describes workers in a vulnerable position to lose their jobs which can lead to poverty and can hinder sustainable development. The rapid growth of precarious employment rate is a serious challenge for a developing country. This study aims to analyze the factors that affect precarious workers in Indonesia. The data used in this study is Sakernas August 2019. The analytical method used in this study is logistic regression, where the independent variables are the demographic and employment characteristics of individuals along with macro conditions of regional employment. The findings of this study are that young workers, male, low-educated, unmarried status, and living in urban areas, tend to be precarious workers. Those who work in the manufacturing industry and less than one year of work experience are more likely to become precarious workers. High unemployment rates and low regional average wages also put individuals at greater risk of becoming precarious workers.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.17015
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Millenial Generation Work Engagement (Case Study Of Millenial Employees At
           Bank Bri Surabaya)

    • Authors: Ikhwan Kholid
      Pages: 620 - 631
      Abstract: Bank BRI is one of the state-owned banks that has a large number of active millennial employees. This is done by bank BRI to answer future challenges and also to prepare young talents who will later occupy strategic positions in the company. The involvement of the millennial generation at Bank BRI is one of the strategies carried out by Bank BRI to attract potential customers from the millennial generation who in the next few years will replace consumers from the previous generation who have entered retirement or are no longer active in the business world due to age. and so forth. Besides the advantages of the millennial generation (Gen Y) for potential companies, there are also challenges for companies that are attached to the millennial generation, namely high turnover rates due to low work engagement from the millennial generation. This research is intended to add to the written literature and data and reveal things that can increase the Work Engagement of millennial generation employees in the banking sector, namely Bank BRI Surabaya, this research obtains results or findings of 6 things that are the forming factors of Millennial Generation Work Engagement at Bank BRI Surabaya, which include: 1. Salary 2. Health insurance (health insurance) 3. Career path 4. Work-Life Balance (work hours and leave) 5. Comfortable working atmosphere (room and attitude between employees) and 6. Appreciation from the leadership/company (performance allowances and praise.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v17i2.12705
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
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