Publisher: Universitas Udayana (Total: 68 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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E-J. of Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Matrik : Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Sport and Fitness J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
e-J. of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Buletin Studi Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Marine and Aquatic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agrotrop : J. on Agriculture Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Simbiosis : J. of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-Jurnal Medika Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Master Pariwisata (J. Master in Tourism Studies)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian J. of Ergonomic)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-J. of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : J. of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Linguistika : Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COPING (Community of Publishing in Nursing)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanis : J. of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (J. of Tropical Agroecotechnology)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmiah Akuntansi dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law J.)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine J.)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bumi Lestari J. of Environment     Open Access  
E-Jurnal Akuntansi     Open Access  
Jurnal Biologi Udayana     Open Access  
Jurnal Farmasi Udayana     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Piramida     Open Access  
Jurnal Kimia (J. of Chemistry)     Open Access  
Indonesian J. of Legal and Forensic Sciences     Open Access  
Kertha Patrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Destinasi Pariwisata     Open Access  
Lingual : J. of Language and Culture     Open Access  
Jurnal Arsitektur Lansekap     Open Access  
Buletin Fisika     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Engineering and Emerging Technology     Open Access  
Jurnal Analisis Pariwisata     Open Access  
Udayana J. of Law and Culture     Open Access  
J. of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Jurnal IPTA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kepariwisataan dan Hospitalitas     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Komputer     Open Access  
Lontar Komputer : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Informasi     Open Access  
JBN (Jurnal Bedah Nasional)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Merpati (Menara Penelitian Akademika Teknologi Informasi)     Open Access  
Intisari Sains Medis     Open Access  
Jurnal Energi Dan Manufaktur     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa SPEKTRUM     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Ecotrophic : J. of Environmental Science     Open Access  
Ruang-Space: Jurnal Lingkungan Binaan (J. of The Built Environment)     Open Access  
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-J. of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
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Ecotrophic : Journal of Environmental Science
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1907-5626 - ISSN (Online) 2503-3395
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [68 journals]
           LEMBONGAN, BALI

    • Authors: Made Ayu Pratiwi, Ni Made Ernawati, Ni Putu Putri Wijayanti
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Nusa Lembongan islands, Bali have a potential of coral reef diversity. Coral reefs have both ecological and high economic potential so that they are widely used. The economic benefits of coral reefs make these ecosystems very vulnerable to pressure from human activities. One of these human activities is the use of coral reefs in diving tourism activities. This research aimed to determine suitability and carrying capacity of coral reef ecosystem on Nusa Lembongan Island so that it can be recommended to manage coral reef ecosystem strategies to support the use of diving tourism. This study was conducted on six dive sites as observation points Observations on coral reef ecosystems were carried out using the intercept transect (LIT) method, and reef fish observation was carried out using the fish visual census method. Water quality sampling will be done in situ. Diving suitability was carried out by estimating the tourist suitability index (IKW) of six parameters, namely the brightness of the waters, coral community cover, coral life form, reef fish species, coral reef depth and current. The tourism suitability index value for the diving tourism category obtained was 74.07% (Jack Mangrove); 57.41% (Crystal Bay); and 61.11% (Manta Bay). The value for each observation point is included in the appropriate category of 50% -75%. It can be interpreted, that all observation points which are dive sites in Nusa Lembongan have supported diving tourism activities.
      Keywords: Tourism Suitability Index; Diving; Nusa lembongan.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)
           Sardinella lemuru CATCHING IN BALI STRAIT

    • Authors: Niken Gustantia, Takahiro Osawa, I Gusti Bagus Sila Dharma, Wayan Sandi Adnyana
      Pages: 12 - 26
      Abstract: The Bali Strait is one of Indonesia's territorial waters that have high natural resource potential. The area is only about 2,500 km2 but has a high potential fishing ground. The Bali Strait has unique and dynamic waters that can cause fluctuations in fish production amount each year. The largest type of fish caught in the Bali Strait is lemuru (Sardinella lemuru), a fish found only in the Bali Strait. This fish plays a significant role in the economy of fishers in the Bali Strait. Each year the catch of lemuru has fluctuated, making fishing locations challenging to predict. Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) are oceanographic parameters that can affect the resources of the ocean. Oceanographic phenomena, such as upwelling, can also influence the condition of fish resources. Therefore, understanding the relationships between these factors is essential in practical fisheries management. Observation of oceanographic factors is very hard with the field observation due to time and cost limitations. The remote sensing technique is an efficient method to determine SST distributions and Chl-a concentrations using satellite imagery. This study analyzes SST and Chl-a concentration in the Bali Strait using the Global Change Observation Mission(GCOM-C) satellite and determines the correlation between Chl-a and SST with a total fish catch(lemuru) during 2019. The results showed the maximum average Chl-a concentration observed on August 1.62 mg/m3 and the lowest concentration observed on January 0.45 mg/m3, the maximum SST on March was 28.12° C, and on August (Dry season) with 22.40° C. The SST variable's influence provides a negative correlation (R = -0.209) with changes in lemuru catch, while the Chl-a parameter has a positive correlation (R = 0.375) with changes in the catch. The pattern of relationship between Chl-a with fish catching had a good relationship than the SST in 2019.
      Keywords: Bali Strait; Sardinella lemuru; SST; Chl-a.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p02
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Nisa Nurhidayanti, Indah Yulian Kusuma Wardani, Nur Ilman Ilyas
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: Aking rice is rice waste that is no longer suitable for public consumption, however, the high starch content of aking rice can be used as a raw material for making biodegradable plastics. Good biodegradable plastic made from cassava starch and rice flour, to increase its elasticity and extensibility it is necessary to add chitosan additives and glycerol plasticizers. This study aims to determine the optimum conditions for the composition of glycerol and chitosan for the physical properties of biodegradable plastics made from aking rice and tapioca starch. Biodegradable plastics in this study were made with 3 grams of aking rice flour and 7 grams of tapioka flour with the addition of variations in the composition of chitosan (3 grams, 5 grams, and 7 grams) and the addition of variations in the composition of glycerol (2 ml, 4 ml, 6 ml, and 8 ml). As a result, the highest tensile strength value at 7: 2 composition variation is 41.29 MPa, the highest elongation percentage at 3: 8 composition variation is 135.8%, the highest water resistance at 7: 8 composition variation is -206%, the highest percent water absorption and the fastest biodegradation process at a variation of the composition of 3: 2, namely 1603% and completely degraded on the 4th day.
      Keywords: aking rice, biodegradable plastic, chitosan, glycerol and tapioca starch.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p03
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Ni Made Ary Widiastiti, I Wayan Arthana, Ida Ayu Astarini
      Pages: 36 - 46
      Abstract: Tanjung Benoa and Jemeluk Amed are two famous marine tourism sites in Bali. This study aims to determine the state of coral ecosystem in its life form, factors associated with coral damage, and the strategy to manage coral in those two area. We used two methods: Line Intercept Transect (LIT) and SWOT. The live coral coverage condition in Tanjung Benoa is in moderate and worse category. While the Jemeluk Amed is in moderate level and good condition, respectively. Factors causing damage to coral ecosystem are: the corals are under pressure, some corals are already bleaching, the anchoring activity and oil spill from ships, and algae. The coral reefs ecosystem in Tanjung Benoa and Jemeluk Amed can be sustained in good condition with government support and NGOs in the development of environmentally friendly activities and monitoring studies, implementation of coral reef preservation rules (prohibition of taking coral reefs) and colaboration of the community, government, and NGOs to carry out coral reef rehabilitation and monitoring studies. As one of the tourism area in Bali, the role of universities are needed for continuous research on the state of coral reefs to maintain environmentally friendly and sustainable tourism.
      Keywords: Coral reef; Life form; Strategy; Marine conservation.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p04
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)
           AREA (MPA), BALI

    • Authors: IPG Eka Handrayana Putra, Takahiro Osawa, I Wayan Gede Astawa Karang
      Pages: 47 - 60
      Abstract: The Shoreline Sensitivity Index(SSI) is one crucial aspect to know in protecting the coast from all threats, including oil spills. This study aims to determine the shoreline's sensitivity for oil spills based on several oceanographic parameters: shoreline type, tidal range, slope, and wave high in Nusa Penida, Map Protection Area (MPA). The weight overlay method was employed to apply the geographic information system (GIS). Each parameter component was scored as five categories before the weighted overlay. The shoreline sensitivity level of Nusa Penida island is divided into five categories: very low sensitive, low sensitive, medium sensitive, high sensitive, and very high sensitive. As the results, the SSI was categorized during the east monsoons (from June to August) and during the west monsoons (from December to February) is at a low sensitivity level to very high sensitivity. SSI during east monsoons there is about 60.05% (627.33 ha) in the medium, 9.39% (98.11 ha) in the high, and 2.39% (24.99 ha) in the very high sensitive. The SSI during the west season is about 78.16% (816.95 ha) with the medium, 19.43% (203.11 ha) with the high, and 2.39% (24.99 ha) with the very high sensitive. The difference in wave height during east and west monsoons greatly affects the sensitivity level of the Nusa Penida coastal area. However, sensitivity level in Jungutbatu and Lembongan Villages are not affected by the east or west monsoons.
      Keywords: Shoreline Sensitivity; GIS; Nusa Penida; Oil Spill.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p05
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Fajar Lukman Hakim, Takahiro Osawa, I Wayan Sandi Adnyana
      Pages: 61 - 74
      Abstract: Based on data from the Bali Public Works Office, in 1987 the abrasion reached 51.50 km, in 2003 it reached 86.5 km, and in 2006 it increased to 140 km. Coastline change research is needed for coastal environmental protection, mitigation, and sustainable development. The objectives of this research are: 1) To predict wind speed and direction for the last 30 years; 2) To measure changes in coastlines over the last 30 years (1989-2020); and 3) Comparison of changes in coastline in 4 periods 1989-2000; 2000-2010; 2010-2020 and 2016-2020. Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) is a method that works on ArcGIS software which is used to calculate shoreline changes based on time statistics and a geospatial basis. The results of the average EPR in 1989-2000 (Landsat imagery), the average abrasion value was -10.43 m/y and the average accretion value was 2.35 m/y; 2000-2010 the average value of EPR abrasion was -2.61 m/y and the average accretion value of 2.65 m/y; in 2010-2020 the average EPR abrasion value was -2.72 m/y and the average accretion value was 1.60 m/y while in 2016-2020 (Sentinel Image) the average abrasion value was -4.32 m/ y and the average value of its accretion is 4.50 m/y. The conclusion of this study 1) The average wind speed ranges from 0.2 to 6.4 m/s. Wind direction shows the dominance of the Australian continent (southeast). This shows that the east monsoon is more dominant than the west monsoon; 2) In the last 30 years (1989-2020) shoreline changes can be seen from the EPR graph with an average abrasion rate of -6.39 m/ y and an accretion rate of 3.15 m/y; and 3) Identification results from 1989-2000 the villages of Padangbai and Ketewel experienced extreme accretion and high abrasion; 2000-2010 Padangbai and Jumpai villages experienced high accretion and abrasion; In 2010-2020, Jumpai and Gunaksa Villages experienced high abrasion and moderate accretion, while 2016-2020 experienced high abrasion and accretion in Tangkas and Gunaksa Villages. For further research, it can include additional variables such as tide and wave data to get better results.
      Keywords: DSAS, NSM, EPR, Shoreline Changes, Abrasion, Accretion
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p06
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: IGA Indah Mahasani, Takahiro Osawa, I Wayan Sandi Adnyana
      Pages: 75 - 89
      Abstract: Mangrove forests are distributed in limited areas around along costlines, but they play important role in carbon fixation and carbon storafe in the tropic areas. Mangrove forests are a transitional ecosystem between land-based oceans, most of which are well-known along the tropic and subtropical coastlines. Mangrove ecosystems have an ecological function as an absorber and storage of carbon in the form of biomass. Remote sensing technology can include data spatially and temporally. This makes it easy to predict the overall extent and carbon stock. So that in the context of sustainable management of mangrove ecosystems it can be utilized to monitor mangrove carbon balance and become the basis for policy development. The objective of this study was to determine the potential above ground biomass model from ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 data in mangrove forests of Benoa Bay, Bali. In this research, the filter used is frost filtering. AGB model was constructesd by using dual-polarization L-band SAR of ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 data and field inventory plots. 40 plots were collected in the field and the allometric equation. The prediction model for aboveground biomass potential based on the ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 image on HV polarization in the mangrove Benoa Bay area, the correlation value (r) of 0.82, the coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.68. Validation model aboveground biomass-based, correlation value (r) of 0.90, the coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.82, and RMSE of ± 39.85. The potential of aboveground biomass and carbon stock in the mangrove Benoa Bay area is 364,241.87 Mg and 171,193.67 Mg C with the ability to absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) of 628,280.81 Mg CO2 Sequestration same with 3 bottles in 2020.
      Keywords: Mangrove; Aboveground biomass (AGB); HV Polarization; ALOS-2 PALSAR-2.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p07
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Elida Novita, Bawon Rani Yudhika Anwar, Hendra Andiananta Pradana
      Pages: 90 - 102
      Abstract: Gunung Pasang River is as raw water supply for the human activity. However, it is utilized as waste disposal from community activities, agro-tourism, and rubber factories. These activities have the potential to reduce water river quality. The efforts to river pollution prevention that can be taken are to examine for capacity of the rivers to reduce pollutant naturally. The research focused to analysis the pollution load, oxygen dissolved distribution (deoxygenation and reoxygenation rate), and the total pollution load of the Gunung Pasang river utilized the Streeter-Phelps formula. The study was conducted in November – December in 2019 at the Gunung Pasang River with a river length of 300 m which was divided into 3 segments with 4 monitoring points (GP01, GP02, GP03, GP04). Analysis of the parameters i.e. DO and BOD to measure the water quality degradation in the river and the resulting graph of oxygen reduction. The method refers to Minister of the Environment Decree no. 110/2003.The results showed that the average pollution load value was 6.32 kg/day. The range of deoxygenation and reoxygenation rates is 2.67 - 5.36 mg/ and 32.77 - 64.71 mg/ respectively. The Reoxygenation rate was greater than deoxygenation. This phenomenon reflected that the Gunung Pasang River has a good self – purification performance. The average pollution load capacity of the river is 2.17 kg/day.
      Keywords: total pollution capacity; oxygen distribution; self – purification; water quality monitoring.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p08
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Dena Natalia Langi, Qomariyatus Sholihah, Rita Parmawati
      Pages: 103 - 110
      Abstract: EIA is part of several instruments to prevent pollution and environmental damage, and in order to improve its quality and effectiveness, EIA document will be assessed by the EIA Assessment Commission depending on its authority. The assessment ability of the EIA Assessment Commission is also influenced by perceptions, so it is necessary to analyze the influence of internal and external factors on the perception of the EIA Assessment Commission in North Sulawesi, so it can provide good suggestions and input for better regional development and towards environmental sustainability. The research sample were 57 respondents and then used in-depth interviews guided by the questionnaire to digging information. The data obtained were then analyzed using Partial Least Square (PLS) to observe the impact of internal and external factors on the perception of the EIA Assessment Commission. Internal factors including age, education level, and family responsibilities do not significantly affect the level of perception, while internal factors such as experience and integrity as well as all external factors have a significant effect on perception. Work experience has a strong impact on the perception of the EIA Assessment Commission to always support the environmental conservation movement and integrity have an impact on the emergence of rational and fair decision making
      Key words: EIA, Integrity, Assessment, Perception.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p09
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)
           UTARA, NTB

    • Authors: Jussac Maulana Masjhoer, Amalia Febryane Adhani Mazaya, Aditano Yani Retawimbi
      Pages: 111 - 123
      Abstract: Solid waste management that has implemented in Gili Air has not been able to cope optimally with the increase in waste volume originating from residents and tourists. As a consideration in optimizing the volume of waste that can be accommodated and managed, the carrying capacity approach can be used. The physical support of waste will be the basis for determining the maximum population on Gili Air. This research aims to measure the maximum population found in Gili Air based on the physical support of waste analysis. The key informants was given questions regarding the solid waste management system to obtain primary data, while secondary data obtained from related bureaus in the local government. The qualitative descriptive methods was used to analyze primary data from the interview, and carrying capacity and waste capacity analysis for secondary data. Waste management activities on the island limited to container and collection activities. The waste pile transported by barge to the landfill on the main island. The tourism business was imposed a levy tax according to the volume of waste generated. The potential of recyclable waste is lower than the potential for generation, so the carrying capacity of waste is relatively low with an index of 0,20. The potential for piled waste that has not managed properly is 1,230.86 kg per day. Following the calculation results of the physical support of waste, the maximum population size that Gili Air can accommodate is 2,795 people per day. The excess number of tourists as many as 585 people per day causes the solid waste management system overwhelmed.
      Keywords: Physical carrying capacity; Solid waste management; Small islands population; Marine tourism; Tourism impacts.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p10
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Ika Sulistiani, I GD Yudha Partama, Sang Putu Kaler Surata, I Ketut Sumantra
      Pages: 124 - 137
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic has increased the improvement of air quality in various countries in the world, such as China, Italy, New York, India, Spain and Korea. This study aims to compare ambient air quality during the Covid-19 pandemic with new normal and normal periods, assess the effect of meteorological factors on ambient air quality, and map the spatial distribution of ambient air quality during the normal, Covid-19 pandemic and new normal in the ITDC Nusa Dua area. Air concentration parameter data and meteorological factors were collected using the midget impinger and direct reading method in 2019 (normal period), March and May 2020 (Covid-19 pandemic period) and July, September, and November 2020 (new normal period). Furthermore, comparing air quality using the Anova test, assessing the effect of meteorological factors on air quality using a linear regression test, and mapping the distribution of ambient air using the ArcGis 10.8 application. The analysis showed that the air quality during the Covid-19 pandemic and the new normal was significantly different from the normal period. The concentrations of SO2, NO2, NH3, CO, TSP and H2S during the Covid-19 pandemic and normal just decreased while the O3 concentration increased compared to the normal period. The meteorological factor that affects air quality is the wind speed, the higher the wind speed the lower the O3 concentration. Map of the distribution of spatial concentrations of SO2, NO2, NH3, CO, O3 and H2S in the normal, Covid-19 pandemic and new normal, lowest at the coast point of the peninsula and the highest distribution at the ITDC roundabout, bima statue or influence TSP is the highest spatial concentration of normal distribution at the ITDC roundabout and the bima statue, while the Covid-19 pandemic and normal are only at the coast point of the peninsula beach.
      Keywords: ambient air quality; Covid-19; pandemic; tourism.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p11
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Supardiono Supardiono, I Wayan Arthana, I Wayan Sandi Adnyana, I Wayan Budiarsa Suyasa, I Nyoman Sudipa
      Pages: 138 - 153
      Abstract: Water quality management efforts need to be carried out in a sustainable manner to ensure that water resources are free from pollution. Water is an important component in human life, therefore the existence of water in nature must be maintained to ensure the continuity of human life. Decreasing water quality is caused by pollutant loads that enter water bodies due to human activities disposing of waste directly into the water. Batujai Reservoir is one of the vital objects for the survival of the people of Central Lombok. In an effort to control water pollution in the Batujai Reservoir, a model that is capable of managing Batujai Reservoir water is needed in a sustainable manner. The purpose of this research is to develop a model capable of managing the water in the Batujai Reservoir in a sustainable manner. The research methodology uses a quantitative approach using primary data from interviews with figures and experts as well as secondary data from literature studies and previous research data. Data analysis used the Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM) approach. ISM is able to simplify complex relationships to be simple and form a hierarchy between existing relationships and be able to describe them in the form of system modeling. The results showed that the water pollution control model in Batujai Reservoir was carried out by involving all relevant stakeholders by placing academics, NGOs and Central Lombok Bappeda as the main drivers of program implementation and using the local wisdom approach.
      Keywords: pollution, control, water, model, batujai.
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2021.v15.i01.p12
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2021)
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