Publisher: Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

Showing 1 - 1 of 1 Journals sorted by number of followers
Indian Forester     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Indian Forester
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0019-4816 - ISSN (Online) 2321-094X
Published by Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Silvicultural Note

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: No Abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Sisal – A wonder crop and its Prospects in Forestry and Agroforestry
           of Jharkhand

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Hari Shanker Gupta
      Abstract: Sisal is emerging as an important species for plantation in wasteland/ degraded forest land for its numerous end-uses, all over the globe. Though exotic; it has been tried by the Forest Department of Jharkhand, Odisha and other states of India on a selective basis. The paper discusses the marketing strategies; price trend and other techno-economic factors in the context of Jharkhand and India to utilize its full potential for Indian agroforestry. It also points to the fact that there is a high gap in price fetched by the International market, and what is fetched at the national level- hence there is an urgent need to minimize it by the appropriate marketing efforts.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Allelopathic Proclivities of Simarouba glauca on Agricultural Crops

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: M.P. Divya, T. Mohanraj, R. Ravi, Baranidharan K., Kala S., Sekar I.
      Abstract: In this study, the allelochemicals present in the leachates of bark, fresh leaves, leaf litter and root of Simarouba glauca were identified using Gas Chromatography. The results revealed that the following allelochemicals viz., benzoic acid, caffeic acid, catechol, coumaric acid, ferulic acid, resorcinol, salicylic acid and vanillic acid were present in the leachates. The bioassay of identified allelochemicals were tested on germination, seedling growth and vigour index of the following agricultural crops viz., blackgram, greengram, cowpea and redgram. The results reported that all the allelochemicals exhibited reduction in germination and growth of pulse crops. Among the allelochemicals, ferulic acid and salicylic acid exhibited maximum inhibitory effect on germination of the test crops at 1mM and 2mM concentrations respectively when compare to control. The maximum inhibitory effect on seedling growth and vigour index was registered by ferulic acid at both concentrations. Among the test crops, redgram was most affected and cowpea was least affected due to allelochemicals.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • A Review on Agroforestry Practices for Improving Socioeconomic and
           Environmental Status

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rajesh Kumar, Atul Kumar Bhardwaj, K.K. Chandra
      Abstract: Agroforestry has been defined as a dynamic ecologically based natural resources management system that through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. This paper highlights agroforestry practices for improving socioeconomic and environmental status. Agriculture sector has become a major contributor to the national gross domestic product and their high demand for agro-based products has increased the expansion of agricultural land through monoculture systems. However, as the land for agriculture is decreasing, due to converting more natural forests into agricultural land. The unstable nature of the world climate, attributed to human activities, depletion of forest cover due to increased hunger for forest and non-forest products has caused a lot of environmental problems such as, land erosion, flooding, frequent and severe storm, depletion of soil fertility, natural disaster as well as seasonal changes of world climate. The systems as the sustainable agriculture practices they contribute to the positive development in agriculture industry in terms of environmental, social, and economic aspects. It shows that agroforestry systems are performing better than monoculture systems as they are eco-friendly, socially reasonable and economically feasible through diversification of input and output.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Performance of Poplar Plantation under different levels of Nutrients in an
           Agroforestry System

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Baljit Singh, R.I.S. Gill, Navneet Kaur
      Abstract: Poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr.) has been adopted in agroforestry systems by farmers of north-western India owing to its fast growth. An experiment was conducted to standardize the nutrient requirement of poplar plantation during 6 years of growth for getting its better productivity. The treatments consisted of nine combinations (T2to T10) of N and P (as P2O5) in addition to an uncropped control (T1) of poplar plants. Every year, whole of P and 1/3rd N was applied during May after harvesting of wheat, 1/3rdN in July and the remaining 1/3rd N in September. The height and diameter at breast height (DBH) of plants were measured every year in the month of January and timber weight was calculated from these parameters. The DBH, height and timber weight of poplar plantation were lowest in uncropped control (19.01 cm, 17.56 m and 310 q/acre, respectively) and highest (21.46 cm, 20.10 m and 449 q/acre, respectively) with the application of N and P (as P2O5) @ N100P40, N150P80, N200P120, N250P160, N300P200 and N350P240g/plant (T6) during 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th year, respectively. However, the application of P during 4th, 5th and 6th year did not increase the timber weight over N application alone. The grain yield of wheat and fodder yield of pearlmillet decreased with increase in age of plantation. Net returns from the agroforestry system (crops and trees) were highest in T5 which were Rs. 408791 per acre Soil OC and available N and 6 . P were lowest in uncropped control (T1) and highest in T10 (tenth treatment) i.e., with the application of N and P @ N N150P80, N200P120, N250P160, N300P200,N350P240 and N400P280 g/plant during 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th year, respectively. Therefore, treatment T was better than other treatments for getting higher productivity 6 and better returns from poplar plantation.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Species Composition and Economic Evaluation under Agroforestry Practices
           in three districts of Haryana

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rambir Singh, Charan Singh, Ajay Gulati
      Abstract: The study is the outcome of status and economic evaluation of poplar, eucalyptus and other species based agroforestry practices adopted by farmer in Ambala, Kurukshetra and Yamunanagar districts of Haryana. The Populus deltoides and Eucalyptus spp. were dominant commercial species of agroforestry systems followed. Block plantation was adopted highest in Kurukshetra followed by Yamunanagar and Ambala while boundary plantations were also found highest in Ambala than Yamunanagar and Kurukshetra. Among species, poplar was major component in Yamunanagar followed by Ambala and Kurukshetra and Eucalyptus had major composition in Kurukshetra than Ambala and Yamunanagar. Among horticulture species, mango, guava etc. were found maximum in Yamunanagar followed by Ambala and Kurukshetra while the forestry species like neem, drek, shisham etc were also found in the trend of Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra and Ambala districts. The overall net return was found higher under block system than the bund system in poplar based agri-silviculture system. In commercial terms, the B:C ratio was found higher from Poplar based in block planting than poplar based on bund planting in agri-silviculture system. Similarly, net returns were also obtained from eucalyptus based agroforestry systems. Comparatively as per net returns and B:C ratio in the block system were found more economic to bund systems.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Tree Fodder Production to Bridging the Gap between the Need and
           Availability of Animal Fodder

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Thounaojam Bidya Chanu, Charan Singh
      Abstract: Livestock provides sustenance to rural community by providing food security through supply of milk, meat and self-employment however additionally plays a vital role for poverty alleviation of farmers. The area under fodder trees and shrubs is meager and is less than one per cent of the total cultivated land. Presence of inferior and unproductive grass and tree species, lack of fertilization, absence of legume component, improper cutting and indiscriminate grazing are the factors accountable for poor productivity of the grasslands and tree lands. Thus, the present paper provides an insight into the fodder trees potentiality, constraints in its production, challenges and strategies to improve the productivity of grassland and tree lands. Promoting fodder tree planting in degraded and grazing lands facilitates to meet livestock needs for fodder and trees helps to alleviate degradation. Keeping in view the constraints in fodder production to beat the gap between demand and supply, the emphasis need to be given on various steps for augmenting the fodder production. Fodder production is a component of the farming system and efforts have to be made for increasing the forage production in a farming system approach.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION OF HARAD (TERMINALIA CHEBULA) AND
           CONSTRAINTS FACED IN JAMMU

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Dr Punit Choudhary
      Abstract: The present study analysed cost and returns of Harad and is conducted during the year 2019-20 in the different blocks of Jammu district. The blocks selected are the major Harad producing areas of Jammu district and produce from these blocks are transported to Amritsar Mandi for further export to Arab countries. A sample of 60 farmers from four blocks Mathwar, Rabta, Bhalwal and Ranjan were selected randomly. Average total variable and fixed cost per year was `74570.58 per 100 plants. The cost of cultivation increases due to higher cost incurred on human labour. Net returns varied fromOverall net returns for 100 trees varied from over cost A1 `367147.34 to `348622.36 over cost C3. On the basis of net returns over cost C3 for 100 trees, Bhalwal block leads with a value of 363080.85 followed by Ranjan (352951.73). The overall benefit-cost ratio over Cost C3 worked out to be as 5.25:1 under the present value summation method. Among the production constraints, lack of financial resources ranked number 1
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Status of Agroforestry contract farming for the paper industry in
           Jayamkondan block of Ariyalur district, Tamil Nadu

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: G. Surabi
      Abstract: Agroforestry contract farming is on the increase worldwide. Both the state and private industries have been looking to contract with small farmers to grow tree crops in their lands to meet the requirements of increasing demand and the problem of overfelling of forests for wood resources. Various reasons have been cited about small farmers' preferences over large farmers in agroforestry contracts by the companies and multiple factors motivate the participation of small farmers in these contracts. This article reviews the literature on agroforestry contract farming. It uses empirical evidence from Tamil Nadu, India, to identify the various factors influencing small farmers' participation in these contract farming ventures. It also discusses the state's role in promoting and enforcing these contracts. The study's main findings are that per cent of dry land area in the total land is the most significant factor influencing small farmers' participation in agroforestry contract farming.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Variation in Sturdiness Quotient of Khejri seedlings

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Sangeeta Singh, Tanmaya Kumar Bhoi, Vipula Vyas, Kuldeep Sharma, Indar Singh, Bindu Nirwan
      Abstract: Sturdiness Quotient (SQ) is the growth standard to determine the good quality of seedlings at nursery conditions. The SQ of Khejri seedlings was studied at nursery conditions, but the SQ value was found to be contradictory with normal which is always less than six. In this experiment in two different years, the SQ value was more than six for the Khejri tree and it was not always less than six which is universal. Based on experimentation data the authors conclude that the SQ value of the khejri tree lies between 13 ± 7.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Status of Private Plantation and their Management in Siraha distict of
           Nepal: A case study

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Satish Kumar Singh, Arun Sharma Poudyal, Jit Narayan Shah, Vikas Kumar, Subhash Chandra Das
      Abstract: The research work was conducted to find out the status of private forests with the major species planted and managed in the Terai. Additionally, the present status of private forests and the scenarios of selling procedure, and the silviculture practices that are applied, were studied and form a basis on which further research could be carried out. The research is based on a descriptive and field survey. The serious issue recognized that upset the private forest improvement was the absence of land accessibility, lack of seedling of the desired tree species, absence of specialized information, absence of fitting business sector and market cost, and inappropriate timber utilization. The discoveries additionally incorporate that an uncommonly moderate pace of private forest registration, long and multi-stage forms for getting, collecting and transportation licenses and authority bans on significant commercial species, among others, are seen as the variables that most ruin the private forest proprietors and tree producers interest and their advantages and obligations concerning the association and utilization of their private forest assets. It is concluded that a disentangled allowing process would elevate and assist private forestry.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Distribution and Diversity of Fodder Resources in Karnataka

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Durai M.V., Kartik A.G.
      Abstract: The livestock provide livelihood support to millions of people having small land holdings. However, the ever widening gap exists between demand and the actual supply of feed and fodder at the national level due to reduction of pasture, increase of livestock population and failure monsoon. The deficiency of feed and fodder is more conspicuous in arid and semi-arid regions. Foliage of trees and shrubs have been used as livestock fodder from time immemorial. Tree fodder contains high crude protein, minerals and has high levels of digestibility. Trees are introduced in the grazing and degraded lands to meet forage demand of livestock during the dry season. The present paper discusses fodder availability, its distribution, diversity, nutritive value and demand and supply in Karnataka.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Allometric Equations to Estimate Dry Biomass of Vachellia tortilis in
           Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna area of Rajasthan

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: G. Singh, B. Singh, G.R. Choudhary, S.R. Baloch, N. Bala
      Abstract: A massive plantation forests have been established in arid region of north western India for environmental, economic and livelihood benefits to the local people. However, their contribution to climate change mitigation is poorly understood, because of lack of allometric equations for biomass estimation. Objective of this study was to develop species-specific allometric models for estimating total, stem, branch, and leaf biomasses of Vachellia tortilis planted in western Rajasthan. Different linear and non-linear models were fitted to establish relationship between dry biomasses of different components of above-ground part of V. tortilis trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) and total height (H) and allometric equations were selected based on model performance statistics. Trees were 6.0-15.6 m tall, 10.50-54.10 cm in diameter, 19.0-773 kg tree-1 stem biomass, 28.0-2166 kg tree-1 branch biomass, 1.0-51.0 kg tree-1 leaf biomass and 58.0-2848 kg tree-1 total biomass. Model Y= a ExpbDBH was best fit with DBH and fulfilled the validation criterions with highest R2 and lowest residual error (σ), Akaike information criteria and root mean square error values. The value of adjusted R2 was >0.90 for the equations fitted on biomasses of different components except leaf biomass (adj. R2 = 0.46). Statistical variables of all components were highly significant (p<0.01) indicating the accuracy and precision of the equations. The developed biomass regression models can be applied as a species-specific equation in predicting standing biomass and carbon sequestration benefits of V. tortilis in north western India.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Forests, Trees and Agroforestry: Their Roles in India's Sustainable
           Development and Climate Action

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rajiv Kumar Chaturvedi, Alexandre Strappason, Amit Garg
      Abstract: No Abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • Family Mniaceae (Bryophyta) in Govind Wildlife Sanctuary (Uttarakhand),
           India

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Ichha Omar, Vinay Sahu, Geeta Asthana, A.K. Asthana
      Abstract: No Abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
  • The Diversity of Odonata (Insecta) in Selected Localities of Jammu and
           Kashmir

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Keshav Kumar, Amar Paul Singh, Ratish Singh
      Abstract: No Abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 148 (2022)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.238.252.196
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-