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Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi
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ISSN (Print) 1309-761X - ISSN (Online) 1309-8004
Published by Mersin Universitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Avicenna's Perspective of Exercise: Content Analysis of the
           “Canon of Medicine”

    • Authors: Sabriye ERCAN; Aydan ÖRSÇELİK
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to examine Avicenna's view of exercise in light of the information in his book Canon of Medicine and discuss his approaches to 'exercise' with today's literature.Methods: The study is qualitative. Five volumes work consisting of 6 books in total called El-Kânûn Fit-Tıbb (The Canon of Medicine) which are Turkish translation by Professor Esin Kâhya, were used for content analysis. In the Turkish translation of the book, the sections containing the subject of 'exercise' were sent to content analysis. Avicenna's comments in the relevant sections were analyzed and interpreted in-depth.Results: It was observed that the themes of 'exercise' were handled in the first and fourth books of the five-volume book. According to the theme of 'exercise' in Avicenna's book called Canon of Medicine; six main topics that can be categorized under the main headings of 'prevention of health and exercise, physiological effects of exercise on heart rate, factors related to exercise timing, exercise-related problems, excess/insufficiency of exercise in the etiology of the disease, and exercise in the treatment' have been determined.Conclusion: Although many of the comments and suggestions on 'exercise' in the Canon of Medicine book were made without modern technological opportunities, their equivalents in the current literature containing evidence-based contemporary medical data can be considered as proof that Avicenna was a physician who transcended the ages. 
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigating the Correlation Between Spiritual Well-Being and Loneliness
           in Elderly Individuals in Turkey During the Covid 19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Filiz POLAT; Fatma KARASU
      Abstract: Aim: In the pandemi process, it is about examining the relationship between the spiritual well-being and the loneliness of the elderly in Turkey.Methods: The population of the descriptive study consisted of elderly individuals aged 65 and over in Turkey. The research was carried out between 15.02.2021 and 15.03.2021 with 582 individuals using the snowball sampling method, which is one of the non-probability sampling methods. Data were collected with Personal Information Form, the Loneliness Scale for the Elderly, and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale.Results: It was determined that 84.5% of the elderly people in the study were in the 65-74 age range, 58.2% were female, 80.1% were single, 76.8% were ≤ primary school graduates. The mean score of the mental well-being scale of the elderly is 125.52±7.40, and the total mean score of the Loneliness Scale for the Elderly is 16.60±3.70. A negative correlation was found between the Spiritual Well-Being Scale and the Loneliness Scale for the Elderly. It has been determined that there is a significant difference between the spiritual well-being scale mean scores of the elderly individuals according to age and marital status, and there is a significant difference between the Elderly Loneliness Scale mean scores according to their age.Conclusion: It has been determined that the mental well-being and loneliness levels of the elderly are high, and as their spiritual well-being levels increase, the loneliness levels decrease.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Did Ibn Sherīf really make use of the treatise of Surgeon Meḥmed in his
           Yadigār' On a methodological problem with the publication of
           manuscripts

    • Authors: Ahmet ACIDUMAN; Nuray GÜNEŞ
      Abstract: Object: To determine whether Surgeon Meḥmed’s treatise on medicine is used as one of the sources in Ibn Sherīf’s Yādigār and to draw attention to the importance of preparing a critical edition during the publication of manuscripts.Materials and Methods: Surgeon Meḥmed’s treatise on medicine in İBB, Atatürk Library, OE_Yz_K0827, the printed copy of Ibn Şherīf’s Yadigār published by Merkezefendi Traditional Medicine Association and different manuscripts of Yadigār were examined. The relevant parts of the works of Jurcānī named Yād-gār and Khuffay ʿAlāʾī are also reviewed.Results: Surgeon Meḥmed’s treatise on medicine is almost exactly found in the relevant part of the printed edition of Ibn Sherīf’s Yādigār. On the other hand, in earlier manuscripts of Yādigār, the relevant chapter is shorter and different, and this chapter is very similar to the chapters in Yād-gār and Khuffay ʿAlāʾī of Jurjānī. In this context, it seems possible to say that Surgeon Meḥmed basically benefited from the relevant parts of Ibn Sherīf’s Yādigār and indirectly from Jurjānī’s Yād-gār, and he probably added the chapter(s) that he had quoted from another source(s) to his treatise. It is also noticed that while Ibn Sherif’s Yādigār was being copied by different scribes, a second version appeared, and in this version, Surgeon Meḥmed’s treatise on medicine may have been added to the relevant section.Conclusion: While preparing his Yādigār, Ibn Sherīf translated the part of Jurjanī’s Yād-gār titled “About the fracture, contusion and dislocated joint” into his work. On the other hand, in the manuscript of Topkapı Revan 1684 of Yādigār, it is seen that instead of the part translated by Ibn Sherīf, Surgeon Meḥmed’s treatise prepared with various additions to Ibn Sherīf’s writings was included. This finding indicates that there may be two different versions of Ibn Sherif’s Yādigār. For this reason, it is of great importance to prepare and publish a critical edition by considering the different copies of the manuscript.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Study on the Relationship between Self-Care Agency and Symptom
           Management in Hemodialysis Patients

    • Authors: Esra TÜRKER; Gözdenur TANRIKULU, Ömer ÇELİKTEN
      Abstract: Aim: The research was conducted as a descriptive and correlational study to examine the relationship of self-care agency to symptom management in patients with chronic renal failure and receiving hemodialysis treatment.Method: Research was conducted with patients (n:126) who received hemodialysis treatment in a private dialysis center in Ankara between March 31 and June 5, 2022. Data; sociodemographic characteristics form, Dialysis Patients Self-Care Agency Scale and Dialysis Symptom Index were collected. In the evaluation of the data; Percentage distributions, mean, t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used. The p<0.05 level was considered statistically significant in the study.Results: It was determined that the self-care agency of the patients within the scope of the study was at a moderate level. In addition, it was determined that the scores of the patients participating in the study from the dialysis symptom index were close to the middle level. A moderate negative correlation was found between the symptoms and diet, which is the sub-dimension of the Self-Care Agency Scale. It was determined that there was a positive, moderately significant relationship between the dialysis symptom index and the mental state sub-dimension.Conclusion: It was determined that there was a moderate relationship between the self-care agency of the patients participating in this study and symptom management. For this reason, it is thought that individuals who receive hemodialysis treatment, are over 65 years old and have other chronic diseases need more support.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Descriptive Study on Intercultural Sensitivity of Health Sciences
           Students

    • Authors: Sibel ÖNER YALÇIN; Melike ÖZTÜRK
      Abstract: Aim: This research was conducted to determine the intercultural sensitivity levels of Çukurova University Faculty of Health Sciences, Midwifery and Nursing Department students.Method: The research was designed in a descriptive type, and the data were collected between 2 May and 10 June 2018. The sample of the study consisted of 1184 students who volunteered to participate in the study and filled out the forms completely. Data were collected using the socio-demographic data form and the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale developed by Chen and Starosta.Results: 78.9% of the participants were nursing students, 21.1% were midwifery students, and 75.7% were women. The rate of those living in the Mediterranean region was 83.3%, the rate of those living in the city center was 58.8%, and the rate of those who evaluated their economic status as medium was calculated as 69.4%. It was determined that the total mean score of the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale of the students participating in the study was 88.79±14.28. When the mean scores of the sub-dimensions of the scale are examined, the mean score of "responsibility in interaction" is 26.11±4.94, the mean score of "respecting cultural differences" is 23.32±4.37, the mean score of "self-confidence in interaction is 17.06±3.57, the mean score of "enjoying interaction" is 11.13±2.29 and " It was determined that the mean score of “being careful in interaction” was 11.18±2.29. When the scale scores of the students were examined according to the socio-demographic data, it was found that the total scores of intercultural sensitivity of midwifery students, female students, those who lived in villages for a long time, and those who went abroad were statistically significantly higher (p≤0.05). It was determined that the students' age, class, economic situation, geographical region where they grew up, receiving intercultural training in midwifery and nursing, serving patients from different cultures, and choosing the profession willingly did not affect the level of intercultural sensitivity.Conclusion: It was determined that the students participating in the study had a moderate level of intercultural sensitivity according to the scale evaluation. In order to increase the intercultural sensitivity levels of health sciences students, it is recommended to carry out studies on knowing a foreign language and gaining foreign experience during their education years.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Total Quality Management and the Impact of Innovation on the Performance
           of Hospitals: Example of Private Hospitals in Ankara

    • Authors: Asena Tuğba EVREN SUBAŞI; Latif ÖZTÜRK, Fatma BOLAÇ
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAim: Everything in the world began to change radically. The health service provision within the health sector is one of the sectors that have been most affected by this change and transformed. The aim of the study is to examine Total Quality Management practices affect the performance of hospitals and innovations in health systems affect the performance of health institutions.Method: Research data were obtained by collecting questionnaires from private hospital managers in Ankara between 29.08.2018 - 31.12.2018. Simple and multiple regression analysis was used, including a literature review.Result: A total of 155 managers from 33 private hospitals, It was planned to reach all the managers included in the research, but 137 of them voluntarily participated in survey and agreed to contribute. Accordingly, the sample of the study represents 88.3% of the study population. The findings obtained as a result of the research were determined at the 95% confidence level.Conclusion: In the century when technology has entered health services with digitalization and combined with artificial intelligence, rapid developments are experienced, and it seems that innovation, which has a key determinant role in providing competitive advantage in health service delivery, will continue to be the main character and increase its importance. While Total Quality Management practices focus on customer satisfaction in health services, innovation both facilitates the work of hospital staff and points out that it provides high performance by increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the health service provided, and by providing the efficiency at the maximum level.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Are YouTube Videos Reliable Sources of Information About Devital
           Bleaching'

    • Authors: Gülbahar ERDİNÇ; Yağız ÖZBAY, Neslihan YILMAZ ÇIRAKOĞLU
      Abstract: Objectives: Nowadays, YouTube is widely used to find information on any subject. The aim of this study was to research the quality and content of the most relevant YouTube™ videos about devital bleaching. Materials and Methods: “Internal bleaching” was determined as the searching term after consulting with “Google Trends” application, and the search on YouTube was conducted on 25th of January 2022 without using any filters. Videos have been evaluated and scored for usefulness and Global Quality Score (GQS). For statistical analysis, Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson test and Pearson Chi-Square were performed.Results: 100 videos were evaluated, 35% of which met the inclusion‐exclusion criteria. Most of the video uploaders were dental professionals (56.9%). Videos had a generally moderate usefulness score (mean±SD: 3,37 ± 2,09). According to the ownership, there was no difference between the median overall usefulness scores (p=0.611). There is a statistically significant positive correlation between video length and overall usefulness score (p<0.001). Similarly, there is a statistically significant positive correlation between the number of likes and the overall usefulness score (p=0.002). The median viewing rate value of 'moderate' videos was significantly lower than 'poor' and 'good' videos (p=0.048).Conclusions: Devital bleaching-related information on YouTube™ could not be considered entirely dependable. Patients should be selective to obtain information from reliable sources.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation on Antimicrobial, Antibiofilm Activities; and Synergistic
           Effects of Seeds of Two Vincetoxicum Taxa Growing in Turkey

    • Authors: Zehra ÖKSÜZ; Sevda GÜZEL
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the antimicrobial, antibiofilm activities, and synergistic effects of the seeds of two Vincetoxicum taxa [Vincetoxicum canescens subsp. pedunculata (VC) and Vincetoxicum fuscatum subsp. fuscatum (VP)] of which some species have been traditionally used to treat neurosis, malaria, scrofula, scabies, internal fever, external cancers, injuries, and wounds. Methods: Antimicrobial activities of ethanolic extracts obtained from seeds were determined by the microdilution method against 5 reference bacterial strains (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae) and 2 reference fungal strains (Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis). Effect of the extracts on inhibiting biofilm formation and on formed biofilm was determined by the crystal violet method. Minimum biofilm inhibition concentration (MBIC50) and minimum biofilm reduction concentration (MBRC50) were determined by biofilm tests. The microdilution checkerboard method was used to evaluate the synergistic effect between the two extracts against E.coli.Results: The extracts inhibited the tested bacteria and yeasts in the minimum inhibition concentrations (MIC) range of 62.5–250 µg/mL. It was determined that tested VF and VC extracts inhibited biofilm formation by 47%, 39%, 50%, and 34% at 0.5X and 0.25X MIC, respectively, and the MBIC50 value of both extracts was 62.5 µg/mL. In addition, it was determined that the extracts inhibited the preformed biofilm by 54%, 62%, and 56%, and 61% at 1X and 2X MIC, respectively, and the MBRC50 value was 125 µg/mL. It was determined that the extracts showed an additive effect (FIC=0.62) against E.coli.Conclusions: Although the tested extracts have moderate and low antimicrobial effects, they have well effects both in preventing the formation of biofilm and in removing the formed biofilm
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Made by Application of Classic Turkish Music Maqam Nursing Doctoral Thesis
           Systematic Analysis in Terms of Variables

    • Authors: H. Dilek DOĞAN
      Abstract: Objective: In this study, is aimed to examine the experimentally nursing doctorate theses that investigate the effects of Classical Turkish Music maqams on disease and symptoms. Methods: This retrospective and descriptive study was conducted between October 2021- March 2022, by scanning the National Thesis Center, according to the guide PRISMA-P. In the acceptance criteria of the theses, "music therapy" "music therapy" "therapy with music" "therapy with music" were found in the title, were made in nursing and the application of Classical Turkish Music maqams in the thesis were sought. 14 nursing doctoral theses, which were made between 1999 and 2021, that met the criteria, were evaluated in chronological order in terms of purpose, method, findings and outcome variables. Numerical evaluations were used in the study analysis.Results: It was determined that 85.6% of theses were made between 2012 and 2021, the highest rate was 21.42% in Internal Medicine Nursing and Surgical Nursing, 14.28% in Psychiatric Nursing. It was observed that the patients were often listened to the Acemaşiran, Nihavent, Uşşak, Rast, Hüseyni, Segah, Buselik, Zirgüleli Hicaz and Zirefkend maqams, and the effects of the maqams on the psychological symptoms were mostly examined. Rast, Acemaşiran and Hüseyni maqams were mostly used in theses. Studies have shown that Rast and Uşşak maqams reduce anxiety factors such as anxiety and fear and help relaxation; It was found that Zirgüleli Hicaz and Zirefkend maqams affect sleep quality and reduce fatigue, Nihavent and Rast maqams increase patient satisfaction and quality of life, and Acemaşiran, Hüseyni and Nihavent maqams have positive effects on pain and physiological parameters. Conclusion: As results, maqams can be used to increase sleep quality and improve vital signs, reducing psychological symptoms and pain level. There is need to strengthen maqam therapies with experimental studies. It is believed that scientific results can be used and maqams can guide intercultural nursing and health practices.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Examining University Students’ Eating Attitudes and Related
           Variables

    • Authors: Arif Mert ÖZKAN; Hüseyin SELVİ
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, it was aimed to examine the eating attitudes of university students according to demographic variables.Material-Method: A total of 462 students (Xage = 21.13 ± 1.85), 228 female (Xage = 21.01 ± 1.91) and 234 male (Xage = 21.26 ± 1.78) participated to the research who are studying at Mersin University in the 2021-2022 spring academic year. “Demographic Information Form” and “Eating Attitude Test” were used in the study. In the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics, t-test, Anova Analysis and Multiple Regression Analysis were applied.Findings: As the findings obtained in the study, it was seen that the eating attitudes of the students didn’t change significantly according to the gender variable (t=-1.17, p=.24, p>.05). Another findings is that the eating attitudes of university students don’t differ significantly according to the variable of place of living (f=1.14, p=.33, p>.05). Also, it was observed that the totel scores of the university students’s eating attitudes test didn’t differ significantly according to the variable of the faculty they were educated in (f=1.45, p=.17, p>.05).Conclusion: It can be thought that university students who have similiar lifestyle behaviors plays a role on the similarity of eating attitudes; Also they don’t differ according to variables such as gender, the place they live and faculty. Based on the data gotten, it is recommended to conduct new studies by considering other variables that may affect the eating attitudes of university students.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Burnout Level of Health Workers during the Covid-19
           Pandemic Period

    • Authors: Emra ÖZKAHRAMAN; Müge ENSARİ, Mustafa YAĞIMLI
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the burnout levels of healthcare workers during the pandemic process.Materials and Methods: The sample group of the study, which was carried out between November 2020 and July 2021, consists of doctors, nurses and various health personnel employed in two state and one private hospitals in different the provinces of İstanbul, Elazığ and Diyarbakır under the Ministry of Health.A survey-based study was conducted on 440 employees selected according to the Convenience Sampling method. The data obtained by the survey technique were analyzed using the T-test in the analyzes in which two averages were compared in SPSS and Lisrel programs, and ANOVA in the analyzes in which more than two averages were compared. In this context, during the data analysis process, hypothesis tests and validity and reliability measurements were carried out.Results: In the study, the average of the responses of health workers to the questionnaire questions was found to be at a high burnout level with X=3.20. As a result of the reliability analyzes of this study, the cronbach alpha coefficient was calculated as 0.872. The validity analysisresults were found as RMSEA; 0,090, CFI; 0,97, GFI; 0,95, x2/df = 4,517Conclusion: According to the results, it was observed that burnout increased as age increased, and burnout decreased as education level increased. Furthermore it has been determined that burnout is higher in shift workers compared to those who do not work in shifts, and the level of burnout increases as the weekly working time increases. It has been observed that the level of burnout is higher in healthcare workers who have had Covid disease. The rate of work accident is higher in workers with high burnout levels, and it has been observed that healthcare workers with chronic diseases have higher burnout levels.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Last Period of the Ottoman State and the Policies on Early Republic of
           Turkey

    • Authors: Hülya ÖZTÜRK; Atiye EMİROĞLU
      Abstract: Objective: Ottoman Empire XIX. In the 19th century, it began to lose its multinational structure, and its borders gradually narrowed. This situation led to actions in the name of child health and care in the name of the survival of the state and its building on solid foundations in the Ottoman and Turkish Republics. The aim of the study is to examine the child-rearing policies between these two periods and to reveal the contribution to the development and progress of the states.Methods: In the study, newspapers such as Servet-i Fünun, Tanin, Akşam, Cumhuriyet, about child care in the Ottoman and Turkish Republic between 1860-1940 and documents belonging to the Prime Ministry Ottoman and Republican Archives were translated from the Ottoman alphabet to today's Turkish by the authors between January 6 and June 28. translated and included in the study. Second-hand sources such as articles, books were used in the research process.Results: During the Ottoman and Turkish Republic periods, studies were carried out to increase the population and create healthy generations. Studies have increased the knowledge of child-rearing of Turkish society by influencing future generations. While the efforts to raise a healthy society provide the foundation of healthier generations, the population has also increased.Conclusion: The child-rearing policies of the Ottoman Empire were applied to Muslims and non-Muslims who were Ottoman citizens. With the activities carried out within the framework of the Himaye-i Etfal society, correctional institutions were opened in the name of orphans and orphans. The State of the Republic of Turkey, together with the duties and responsibilities it assigned to the Himaye-i Etfal society, had fatwas issued in order to strengthen the foundations of the society and ensured that many donations were transferred to this society. The studies were carried out in the society without discrimination of language, religion and race. Children are the adults of the future. Today, the importance given to maternal health, infant and child health is known. Taking the past as an example, studies should be carried out for the physical and mental development of the child, and education should be given to families in line with the developments in science and technology. KeyWords: 
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Story of a Classroom Building in Thrace: A Fidelity for Dr Ratip
           Kazancıgil

    • Authors: F. Gülsüm ÖNAL
      Abstract: Purpose: In this study, which was carried out over the Dr. Ratip Kazancıgil Classroom Building at the Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, to introduce the versatile physician identity of Ratip Teacher and his place in the history of medicine, will shed light on future generations.Method: The research data were collected between May 1, 2022 and June 1, 2022 by means of literature review with the source people. In the research, The life of Dr. Ratip Kazancıgil (1920-2017) was reviewed in the light of the historical literature of the Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, with the introduction of the Dr. Ratip Kazancıgil amphitheatre building and the process of giving the teacher's name to the classroom building was discussed in detail. The obtained data were transferred to the computer environment and evaluated comparatively in the light of the literature and photographs of the period.Results: It has been seen that this building, Dr. Ratip Kazancıgil's Amphitheatre, at Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, is located in a place that can be seen by anyone who passes by, and, which houses many modern lecture halls that are overflowing with students at all hours of the day, is the largest lecture hall of the university. Dr. Ratip Kazancıgil, a role model for all generations with his life, a protector for the Faculty of Medicine since its birth, made great contributions to the entire Trakya University and the entire city of Edirne. It was determined to name the newest and largest classroom building after him, and accepted, with a large majority of votes in all boards of the university. It is a unique example that the opening ceremony of the classroom building, whose decision process was met with great pleasure, was held with the participation of the Ratip Teacher while he was alive.Conclusion: The amphitheater itself and its unique naming process, It has been seen that Dr. Ratip Kazancıgil is an example of fidelity for the lessons he gave us in his life. It is thought that this process can set an example for our professors who have a place in the history of medicine and medical education, and to other faculties in the context of "Respect for Masters".
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Disease names seen in XVIIIth century Turkish: According to the
           "Dialogues" of Pianzola (1781)

    • Authors: Suat ÖZER
      Abstract: Object: In this study, it is aimed to analyze and evaluate the dialogue “With a Patient” in the work Breve Grammatica e Dialoghi Per İmparare Le Lingue Italiana, Greca Volgare e Turca “Short Grammar and Dialogues for Learning Italian, Common Greek and Turkish Languages” (1781) written in Latin letters by an Italian writer named Bernardino Pianzola (1721-1803).Method: In the study, which was designed as a qualitative research, primarily the work of Pianzola was obtained from online open sources (Google Books, Digitalen Sammlungen). A list of disease names and other concepts identified as a result of the analysis of Pianzola's work was created. The literature on the disease names of the XVIIIth century was reviewed. Here, the present-day equivalents of the words used for diseases were found. These were finalized in the study by consulting physicians who are experts in the subject. The study, which did not require Ethics Committee approval, was conducted between February 2021 and April 2022.Results: In the dialogue "With the Patient", which the author includes under the title of "Colloquium", there are concepts related to the names of the diseases, treatment methods and the patient-physician relationship. It is seen that the author did not mention the etiology of the diseases, but made some practical suggestions for the rapid treatment of the disease. Conclusion: It is thought that Pianzola's transfer of the words related to diseases in Turkish with the eyes of a foreigner is important in terms of understanding the medical concepts and information of the period.Key Words: 
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Study on Pertussis in the Ottoman Empire in the Light of Archive
           Documents (Late 19th Century to Early 20th Century)

    • Authors: Nevim TÜZÜN; Ayşe ERKMEN
      Abstract: Aim: Whooping cough (pertussis) is a contagious infectious disease, especially in infancy and childhood. Pertussis, which is a respiratory system disease, was seen in many parts of the world in epidemic form and caused deaths before the vaccine was discovered and used. The aim of this study is to examine the pertussis disease seen in Ottoman lands from the end of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century.Method: The source of the study consists of all records containing pertussis in the Ottoman Archives of the Presidency of State Archives. It was identified in “Perâkende Evrâkı (Retail Documents)”, “Elçilik Şehbenderlik (Embassy Consulate)” and “Ateşemiliterlik (Attachemilitary) ”, “Meclis-i i Vükelâ Mazbataları (Mandates of Members of Government) ” and Documents related to the researched subject; it was determined in the Ministry of Education, “Teftîşât -ı Rumeli Evrâk (Inspection of Rumeli Document)”, “Dâhiliye Muhâberât-ı Umûmiye (Internal Affairs Muhaberât-ı Umûmiye)”, “Yıldız Dâhiliye Mektûbi Kalemi (Yıldız Internal Letter Office)”. All documents related to the subject were included in the study.Results: The data obtained show that pertussis, which causes severe coughing fits, was reflected in the Ottoman archives quite late. Because the records in the archive; indicates that pertussis has been recorded since the end of the nineteenth century. It is seen that the terms "Kara Öksürük (Black Cough)” or cough are sometimes used instead of pertussis in archive documents. On the other hand, archive records show that pertussis was seen in various parts of the Ottoman country, especially in schools, and that government officials took some precautions to prevent the spread of the disease.Conclusion: This study shows us that pertussis disease started to be registered quite late in the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman rulers took various measures to prevent the spread of whooping cough, as in other infectious diseases.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Examining the Folk Medicine Elements Mentioned in Kemâleddîn
           Demîrî’s “Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ” in Terms of
           Traditional Treatment Methods

    • Authors: İbrahim ÜNALAN; Özlem ÜNALAN
      Abstract: Purpose: The famous Arabic writer Kemâleddîn Demîrî prepared a zoology book called "Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ" in Hijri 773 (1372). While giving information about animals, the author also gave information about which diseases the products related to the animal in question will be used in the treatment. This paper aims to reveal the animals mentioned in "Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ" and used in the treatment of various diseases and the names of diseases among the Arabs in the 14th century. In the study, it will be mentioned how these animals or various animal products will be used in diseases. In addition, folk medicine practices mentioned in "Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ" will be examined in terms of realistic methods, magical methods, and mixed, both realistic and magical, methods. Method: This study was prepared between 03.12.2021 and 15.04.2022, and in the study, the Beirut edition of Hayâtu'l-Hayevâni'l-Kübrâ and its Turkish translation made by Rahmi Serin in 2018 were used. After determining the animal names used in treatments, it was determined in which kind of diseases these animals were used and in what way. In the study, the names of the diseases were listed alphabetically and the treatment of these diseases with animal products was stated. In this regard, the diseases mentioned in "Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ" and their treatment with animal products were examined in line with the healing methods used in folk medicine. Findings: Fifty-seven disease names were identified in "Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ". Some of these diseases are intended to treat poisonings caused by snake, scorpion and bee stings. Apart from these, tooth, head, spleen and eye pain and various diseases are included. In the treatment of diseases, mostly realistic treatment methods have been applied and mostly, animal products were used. Conclusion: From past to present, human beings have desired to resolve all their spiritual and physical disorders by using animal products. They have used spell methods besides realistic methods in the treatment of diseases. “Hayâtu’l-Hayevâni’l-Kübrâ” gave place to a variety of prayers and spells besides treatments with animal products in order to treat diseases.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A New Perspective in the Sociology of Health: The Health Capital

    • Authors: Aksu AKÇAOĞLU
      Abstract: This article focuses on health, especially the inequality experienced in health, which have been widening in recent years, with the conceptual tools developed by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The article asks if it is possible to conceptualize health as a unique form of capital, just like economic capital or cultural capital' First, the article focuses on the main lines of the sociology of health and clarifies how health is examined in the line from Durkheim to Foucault. It then sheds light on the three main research areas that form the backbone of the sociology of health, namely the social roots of health, the unbridled commodification process in health, and the relationship between health and power. Thirdly, the contribution of the relational sociology which is developed by Pierre Bourdieu to the literature of the sociology of health is discussed in the article. Finally, it clarifies the possibilities that the concept of capital, one of the central concepts of relational sociology, can offer in order to examine health as a unique form of power. Health capital is the transformed form of economic capital and cultural capital. It refers to the body's capacity to control its biological existence, the privilege of taking precautionary measures against possible risks, and the level and speed of access to qualified treatment and expert opinion when necessary. Such an approach enables sociologists to observe or measure empirically the inequality created through the distribution of health in the form of examination, surgery, treatment, and advice. It is also an invitation for a rethinking of health as a unique form of power, both independent of economic power and outside of governmentality.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Model Proposal for Establishing a Hospice Care System in Turkey

    • Authors: Nuray DEMİRCİ GÜNGÖRDÜ; Çağatay ÜSTÜN
      Abstract: Patients who are predicted to be in the last stage of their disease and their relatives need to be followed by a multidisciplinary team in institutions known as hospices.The aim of this review is to present a model proposal specific to the socio-cultural structure of our country regarding the approach of death of patients with hopeless prognosis, which has become an ethical problem in the world and in our country in recent years, and the institutionalization of the hospice, which has been adopted as an alternative method to euthanasia.The hospice model proposal study for Turkey was carried out within the scope of a doctoral thesis. In this study, some examples of hospice organizations in Germany, which were established with the philosophy of protecting the quality of life of patients and their relatives in the natural process of death, living the accepted death in a humane way, and providing the necessary physiological and psychosocial support to the relatives of the patients in the mourning process after death, were examined and a hospice model specific to our country was proposed.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Evaluation of the History of the Medical Symbol

    • Authors: Ilgaz AKDOĞAN
      Abstract: Symbol is defined as “a concrete object or sign that indicates something that cannot be expressed by the senses”. The symbol of medicine has been known as a snake wrapped around a staff since ancient times. The snake has been associated with health, medicine, wisdom, power and eternal life in many civilizations. In the myths and legends of ancient societies, the snake was accepted as a symbol of eternal life because it rejuvenates by changing its skin every year. The symbol of medicine contains a number of historical and ethical values. As a symbol of medicine, snake figures appear in various shapes and forms; one or two snakes wrapped around a staff, two snakes wrapped around a winged staff, a snake wrapped around a goblet or reaching towards a bowl, two snakes wrapped around each other, like a branch and a snake. The aim of this review is to reveal the historical origins of these symbols, which are similar to each other but differ from each other in terms of both their historical origins and the meanings they represent, and to explain the professional and ethical values they represent. We think that it is important to know its history in order to keep the values represented by the medicine symbol alive.Key words: 
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Honey in Ancient Near East Medicine

    • Authors: Ayşe Nur MORKOÇ
      Abstract: Objective: Honey is organic food that has been used since ancient times. In addition to consuming honey as a food, it is also known for its healing properties. This study aims to investigate the prescriptions containing honey both alone and in mixtures the medical texts that have survived from the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations and to reveal in which diseases it is used in general.Methots: By using Mesopotamian cuneiform documents and transcriptions of Egyptian papyrus, the prescriptions using honey and the diseases used by physicians or healers were determined. At the same time, studies on honey and health have been examined in the Ancient Age and today.Results: In this research, it has been determined that honey is used as a food in Mesopotamia and Egypt, as well as in the healing of both physical and mental diseases, sometimes alone and sometimes mixed with various substances.Conclusion: Honey is an organic food with high nutritional value. Nutritional values are determined in detail using today’s technology. Although it could not be analyzed in ancient times, honey, known for its healing properties, was mixed with various substances and used the treatment of diseases. Honey has been used in traditional and modern medicine and pharmacy since ancient times. The medical texts of civilizations such as Mesopotamia and Egypt contain valuable information to learn a lot about the medical practices of these civilizations.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Reflections from Gods to Medicine in Egyptian Mythology

    • Authors: Selda YILDIZ; Vahide KORKMAZ
      Abstract: Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate what is reflected from ancient Egyptian mythology to today's medicine.Methods: 01.01-01.03.2022 literature review for Egyptian mythology; Made from databases of PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, Library Genesis, Springer, Jstor Ebsco, ProQuest, Social Sciences Index Retrospective, National Geographic Magazine, medical and anatomical history books. In addition, research was conducted in the digital libraries of the National Library, HuthiTrust, Europeana Collections, Project Gutenberg, New York Library Digital Collections, Bibliotheques d'Orient.Results: The Egyptians considered Ra, the maker of some medicines, Imhotep, the father of medicine, Thoth, the author of the Corpus Hermeticum. The mummification tradition is connected with Osiris. The fact that the calculation and symbolization done in the Eye of Horus agree with today's data is a great achievement for the field of neuroanatomy. In addition, the derivation of the “Rx” symbol used in prescriptions from this hieroglyph, and the fact that Horus' stay in the womb coincides with the 40-week gestation period are other findings. The double serpent entwined in Heka's staff is still a symbol of the medical profession. The cerebral hippocampus, now known as the horn of Ammon, is said to have derived its name from Ammon.Conclusion: It is important and surprising that the experimental and evidence-based aspects of ancient Egyptian medicine, on the one hand, are intertwined with mythology, on the other hand, are quite advanced. This civilization still arouses interest with its rich medical heritage, which forms the basis of our day. 
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of Dr. Tayyar Kuşcu’s Work “Haymana Thermal Spring and Its
           Benefits”

    • Authors: Ramazan GÜNEŞER
      Abstract: Tayyar Kuşcu is a physician who has contributed significantly to Turkish medicine by pioneering the establishment of rheumatology based on internal diseases in Turkey. In this study, Dr. Tayyar Kuşçu’s work, namely “Haymana Thermal Spring and Its Benefits”, will be examined in which he wrote about the history of the thermal spring in Ankara's Haymana district, and the properties and benefits of the thermal spring water while he was working as Government and Dispensary Doctor in Haymana. The work, which was published in 1946 in Istanbul Işıl Printing House, consists of 104 pages. After talking about the history of Haymana, the history and current status of the thermal spring, the characteristics of the thermal spring water, and the bathing technique in his work, the author wrote his observations about the patients who came to the spa for treatment due to various diseases, in chapters.Haymana thermal springs, located in the capital of the country in the Anatolian geography with rich thermal water resources, have an important position for those who seek healing for their diseases. The work of art of Dr. Tayyar Kuşçu, which includes extensive research, provides important information that sheds light on the history, features and benefits of Haymana thermal spring.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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