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Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi
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ISSN (Print) 1309-761X - ISSN (Online) 1309-8004
Published by Mersin Universitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Evaluation of Calendula Samples Collected from Nature and Obtained from
           Herbalists According to European Pharmacopoeia 8.0

    • Authors: Çiğdem ÇOLAK; Buket BOZKURT
      Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare different herbalist samples that were marketed under the name "aynısefa" with Calendulae arvensis flos and Calendulae arvensis herba herbs collected from Bornova, İzmir (Ege University Campus) in terms of tests specified in the European Pharmacopoeia 8.0.Methods: The acquired samples were subjected to tests referenced in the European Pharmacopoeia 8.0 Calendulae flos monograph. These tests included determination of loss on drying and total ash quantities during drying, thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and spectrophotometric quantification of flavonoid content expressed as hyperoside in the prepared extracts from the samples. In addition, the amounts of acid-insoluble ash in the samples were also determined.Results: While the findings obtained for the loss on drying test in the European Pharmacopoeia 8.0 were appropriate for all samples, only one sample obtained from the market was below the maximum limit specified for total ash. Rutin, chlorogenic acid, and caffeic acid compounds were identified in the samples by TLC experiment. Spectrophotometric quantification experiments were carried out on hyperoside, and the highest flavonoid content was detected in the Calendulae arvensis flos collected from the Ege University Campus.Conclusion: It had been demonstrated that the samples obtained from the market differ in terms of both quality control and content, and that the content of the drugs to be used as phytotherapeutics must be standardized, especially with regard to posology. The importance of performing the relevant tests has been revealed. Additionally, it is noteworthy that Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L. flowers, which are a biological richness of our country and naturally spread widely, have the highest flavonoid content.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of Well-Being Levels of Adolescents Affected by
           Kahramanmaraş Earthquake in Terms of Some Variables

    • Authors: Zila Özlem KIRBAŞ
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to examine the well-being levels of adolescents affected by the earthquake in terms of some variables. Method: The descriptive research was conducted between April 2023 and June 2023 with 154 students attending high schools in one of the earthquake-affected provinces in Türkiye. Data were collected with the “Personal Information Form” and the “Five-Dimensional Well-Being for Adolescents Scale (EPOCH)”. Independent groups t test and One-Way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. Results: In the study, the total score of the Five-Dimensional Well-Being Model for Adolescents: EPOCH Scale was 65.30±11.59. The sub-dimension scores of the scale were 3.17±0.77 for commitment, 3.35±0.69 for stability, 3.03±0.94 for optimism, 3.86±0.88 for relatedness, and 2.89±0.83 for happiness, respectively. A significant difference was found between the optimism and relatedness sub-dimension scores of the scale and the school success of the adolescents (p
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Stigma in women's sexual health and reproductive health: The example
           of midwifery students

    • Authors: Elif DAĞLI; Feyza AKTAŞ REYHAN
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, it was aimed to examine the sexual and reproductive health stigmatization tendencies of midwifery students and related factors.Method: The research is of cross-sectional descriptive type. The population of the research consisted of students studying at the Midwifery Department of the Faculty of Health Sciences of a state university in the autumn semester of the 2022-2023 academic year. 288 students participated in the research. The data of the study were collected with the “Introductory Information Form” and the “Scale of Stigma of Sexual Health and Reproductive Health in Young Women”. SPSS 22 program was used in data analysis. Data; It was obtained by T test, one-way analysis of variance method, LSD multiple comparison method.Results: The mean score of the sexual and reproductive health stigma scale of young women in general was 6.78, and 3.56 for the external stigma sub-dimension, 1.68 for the internal stigma sub-dimension, and 1.55 for the unreal stigmatization sub-dimension. In addition, when the stigmatization tendencies of student midwives are examined according to socio-demographic variables; Significant differences were found between the stigma total score and the mean scores of the extrinsic, intrinsic, and unreal stigmatization sub-dimensions (p
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Predictability of quality of life from unmet care needs during
           radiotherapy: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Hazbiye SALAŞİ; Ayşe ÖZKARAMAN
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive effect of unmet care needs on the quality of life in the radiotherapy process, to determine the factors affecting unmet care needs. Methods: The study was carried out with patients who received outpatient radiotherapy. Individual Identification Form, Supportive Care Needs Scale Short Form and European Cancer Research and Treatment Organization Quality of Life Scale were used to collect research data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, and regression analysis.Results: The unmet care needs of the patients are 66.48±14.76 out of a total of 145 points. As the total score patients receive from the scale increases, their unmet care needs also increase.. EORTC QLQ-C30 scale mean scores of the patients; functional dimension is 61.70±15.41, symptom dimension is 27.97±1421, general health dimension is 53.63±15.28. It was determined that the unmet health service and sexuality needs of the patients did not have a predictive effect on the quality of life, while female gender, the unmet daily life and psychological needs were effective in the estimation of the quality of life.Conclusion: Health professionals can obtain information about the quality of life of patients receiving radiotherapy based on the presence of unmet psychological and daily life needs.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Level of Interest in the Fields of Philosophy of Science and History
           of Science among Academicians at Four Universities in the Central Anatolia
           Region of Turkey

    • Authors: Habib SARIKAYA; Omur SAYLİGİL
      Abstract: Aim: Determination of the level of interest in the fields of history of science and philosophy of science among academicians will contribute to the identification of the steps to be taken towards a solution to identify the problems that prevent producing knowledge and contributing to science and creating a more suitable scientific environment. The aim of this research is to reveal the level of interest in the fields of philosophy of science and history of science among academicians.Methods: In this research, conducted with the voluntary participation of 682 academicians from four different universities in the Central Anatolia Region, data were collected through face-to-face interviews between December 2019 and March 2020. Findings: It was found that 52.3% of the academics were interested in the field of philosophy of science, while 10.1% were very interested in it. While the rate of academics who were interested in the history of science was 63.5%, the rate of those who were very interested in it was 10.7%. The level of interest in the history of science increased with age (p=0.019). Male academics (13.5% very interested) were more interested in the history of science than female academics (7.2% very interested) (p
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Perspectives of Medical Faculty Academic Staff on
           Hirudotherapy

    • Authors: Alican BİLDEN; Fatih ÇAKIR, Merve KAHRAMAN, Muttalip CİCEK
      Abstract: Aim: While hirudotherapy, or the use of medical leeches, has been employed in the treatment of various diseases across different cultures throughout history, it is now preferred as a method that complements modern treatments, especially in microsurgery and plastic surgery applications. In this study; It was aimed to reveal the perspectives, knowledge, and awareness levels of academic staff, predominantly physicians, at Kırşehir Ahi Evran University Faculty of Medicine regarding hirudotherapy and to enhance their knowledge and awareness levels about hirudotherapy applications. Method: The research is cross-sectional, and it was aimed to reach all 178 academic staff between July 1 and July 31, 2023; however, only 110 (61,9%) could be reached. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews, phone calls, and a questionnaire. Results: Of the participants, 65 (59,1%) were male, and 45 (40,9%) were female. 62 participants (56,4%) were from internal medicine, 17 (15,5%) from surgical sciences, and 31 (28,1%) from basic sciences. Among them, 90 (81,8%) were assistant professors - research assistants, and 20 (18,2%) were professors - associate professors. Of the participants, 79 (71,8%) were physicians. Additionally, 21 participants (19,1%) had never seen a leech in their lives, and 15 (13,6%) had never heard the word "Hirudotherapy," while 48 (43,6%) feared or disgusted leeches. Conclusion: The majority of professors, associate professors, assistant professors, and research assistants participating in this survey were statistically found to have a significantly low level of knowledge and awareness about what hirudotherapy is, to which diseases it is applied or not applied. Consequently, they expressed a lack of confidence in hirudotherapy. Conducting more scientific studies on hirudotherapy and integrating this treatment method into medical education curricula will enhance the awareness levels of healthcare professionals.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the Element Content of 'Shed Snake Skin’ a
           Therapeutic of Animal Origin

    • Authors: Adile AKPINAR; Asiye SEÇKİN, Büşra ÇELİK, Duygu ARI, Rukiye KARALAR
      Abstract: Introduction: Snakes are reptiles that molt on avarage three or four times a year. Changed skins are called as shed snake skins and have been used in traditional medicine (folkloric medicine) since ancient times. Since snake skin can be obtained directly from living things, they are a biological material and therapeutic of animal origin. It is preferred by the public especially in the treatment of baldness, treatment of papillioma and, healing of soft tissue wounds. In this study, it was aimed to determine the element content and the total protein amount of Malpolon sp. and Macrovipera lebetina skin due to their use in folkloric medicine. Method: In the present, Shed snake skins collected from Gaziantep province belonging to Malpolon sp. and Macrovipera lebetina were used. The elemental concentrations and total protein content of species were determined using inductively coupled plazma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).Results: 17 macro and micro elements belonging to the snake species were evaluated. Eight elements for Malpolon sp. and seven elements contents for Macrovipera lebetina were determined. These; Chromium (Cu), Manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn), Calcium (Ca), Nickel (Ni), Aluminum (Al), Iron (Fe) and Potassium (K). Conclusion: The elements determined from both types of snake skins are important in human health, especially in terms of the immune system. They contained in snake shirts, which are biological materials, should be investigated standardize drug studies.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • GC/MS Analysis of Essential oil distilled from Arum rupicola Boiss. var.
           rupicola (Araceae)

    • Authors: Hatice DEMİRAY; Betül DEMİRCİ, Hasan YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Aim: Arum rupicola Boiss. var. rupicola with a vernacular name of Dağ Sorsalı, are used etnobotanically for hemorroid, eczema, rheumatism, and cancer. Essential oil combination of A. rupicola var. rupicola, under the lower risk (lc) threatened category because of the excess gathering was investigated. Methods: The above ground samples of Arum rupicola Boiss. var. rupicola was collected from Palamut province of Antalya (Kaş) and essential oil was taken by hydrodistillation method with Clevenger apparatus. The essential oil composition was analysed by Gas chromatography (GC) and Gas chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) systems simultaneously. Results: As a result of, (E)-geranyl acetone (15%) was the main compound while hexahydrofarnesyl acetone (9.2%), nonanal (6.8%), heptacosan (6.5%), farnesyl acetone (5.0%), tricosan (4.9%), ve 2-dodecanone (3.8%) followed.Conclusion: Farnesyl acetone (5%) and hexahydrofarnesyl acetone (9.2%) sesquiterpenes were new records for A. rupicola var. rupicola volatile oil content. The only species is Arum creticum consisting α-farnesene (95%) as its taxonomical feature. A. rupicola var. rupicola has farnesyl acetone and hexahydrofarnesyl aceton being known a flagy and odourless species.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • On Smallpox and Measles According to Works of the Islamic World in the
           Middle Ages-Golden Age-I: Kāmil al-Ṣınāʿa al-Ṭibbiyya

    • Authors: Ahmet ACIDUMAN
      Abstract: Object: In this step of the study, which aims to translate the chapters on smallpox and measles in the works written during the so-called “Golden Age” in the Islamic world in the Middle Ages into Turkish, evaluate, discuss, and introduce them to the literature of the history of Turkish medicine, the chapters on smallpox and measles in ʿAlī b. al-ʿAbbās al-Majūsī’s famous work Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya were examined.Materials and Methods: The Arabic version of Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya, which was printed in 1294/1877 at the Būlāq Printing House in Egypt, and a manuscript, which is in the Murad Molla Collection, nr. 1482, Süleymaniye Manuscript Library, İstanbul, were used. The chapters on smallpox and measles were translated from Arabic into Turkish by the author of the article. These translated sections are presented in the Results section of the article and the information obtained is evaluated in the Discussion section with the literature of the period.Results: ʿAlī b. al-ʿAbbās dealt with smallpox in two parts in Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya. In chapter 14 of article VIII of book I, which deals with the theoretical aspects of medicine, he provides information about the nature, causes, and symptoms of smallpox. In the first chapter of article IV of book II, which deals with the practical aspects of medicine, he gave explanations about the treatment of smallpox and measles, and in the fifth part of the same article, he gave information about the treatment of the scars of ulcers and smallpox. Conclusion: ʿAlī b. al-ʿAbbās al-Majūsī’s writings on smallpox and measles in Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya appear to be in line with the knowledge that existed in and before his time and are consistent with the theory of humoral pathology that reflected the medical understanding of the time. In addition, it is possible to say that ʿAlī b. al-ʿAbbās al-Majūsī was one of the first authors in the history of medicine to point out contagion as a cause of smallpox, with his highly original ideas for the emergence of smallpox, such as sitting in the same place as a smallpox patient or inhaling the vapors from the wounds of a smallpox patient.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Reflections of Ataturk's Mentality of Health on Turkish Nursing

    • Authors: Serap TORUN; Osman BİLGİN
      Abstract: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the effects of Atatürk's understanding and approach to health on the development and change of nursing services in Turkey, with the comments of the authors.A retrospective literature review method was used in the study. First of all, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's personality and philosophical thought were examined. Atatürk's views, especially regarding national health, are included. These opinions were compiled by evaluating their impact on the development of the nursing profession in Turkey.Ataturk's thoughts and actions towards the enlightenment philosophy led to revolutionary changes in Turkey. Education and health fields were the two areas most affected by these revolutions. While trying to solve the country's health problems through a rapid modernization process, health manpower training has also accelerated. Nursing was considered the most needed profession in this period and necessary efforts were made to train qualified nurses. The trend of innovation and change that started in the first years of the Republic of Turkey continued unabated in the following years and has survived to the present day.As a result, it is a fact that the changes in the education processes of contemporary nurses in Turkey are influenced by Atatürk's philosophical and innovative thoughts. In this context, it is possible to say that nurses in our country fulfill their duties with a strong scientific and humanistic approach in line with Ataturk's teachings, understanding and expectations.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare in Türkiye and the World

    • Authors: Gamze YORGANCİOGLU TARCAN; Pınar YALÇIN BALÇIK, Nihat Barış SEBİK
      Abstract: Recent years, the provision of healthcare services has emerged as the sector that contributes the most significantly to national economies on a global scale. The development of new technologies and information systems, which is proceeding at an ever-increasing pace, has sped up the healthcare sector as well as a great deal of other sectors. The shift toward digitalization in clinical workflows is becoming increasingly commonplace around the world, with particular emphasis placed on the medical sector. This process of digitalization brings with it a great deal of technological advancement. In this context, artificial intelligence technology, which is rapidly becoming one of the most important types of technology, is progressing quickly in the field of healthcare. The administrative and medical procedures that take place today make use of a wide variety of technologies that involve artificial intelligence. The application of artificial intelligence not only speeds up a variety of processes particularly diagnostics, treatments, and preventative health services but also significantly cuts costs in administrative and clinical procedures. On the one hand, it quickens the stages of diagnosis and treatment in hospital clinical functions, and on the other, it reduces the likelihood of human errors that might take place. On the other hand, improperly used or unsafe systems can threaten the employment opportunity of the health workforce, and can lead to misdiagnosis and malpractice. In this study, first of all, worldwide sample applications and costs of artificial intelligence technologies in the field of health services are given. Then, the ongoing studies carried out by the Ministry of Health of Türkiye in the field of artificial intelligence are included. Studies on the subject show that it is possible to use artificial intelligence technologies to minimize labor and access problems, reduce costs, and speed up processes in health services. However, in the use of artificial intelligence, policy development, ethical principles, measurement and control mechanism are extremely important for possible autonomous attacks, unreliable and invalid diagnoses, legal responsibility of the system in medical errors and technical failures.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practices in Birth and Midwifery
           Roles

    • Authors: Meltem ERSÖZ; Ebru GÖZÜYEŞİL, Şule GÖKYILDIZ SÜRÜCÜ
      Abstract: Objective: This review has been prepared to comprehensively discuss traditional and complementary medicine practices used in birth, the effects of these practices on the birth process, and the roles of midwives in this regard, in the light of current literature.Method: The study is a traditional review and includes the results of randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analysis published between 2015 and 2023.Results: In the relevant literature, traditional and complementary medicine methods frequently used in labor can be listed as acupuncture, hypnosis, music, breathing therapy, aromatherapy, massage, reflexology, therapeutic touch and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. It has been reported that the use of these methods has positive effects such as reducing labor pain and anxiety in women, accelerating the birth process, and making the woman feel relaxed.Conclusion: Hypnosis, music, massage, breathing therapy, aromatherapy, reflexology and therapeutic touch are often used to reduce birth pain and anxiety levels, acupuncture, hypnosis, breathing therapy, reflexology and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation are often used to accelerate the duration of birth, and to increase birth satisfaction and relaxation. It is seen that methods such as aromatherapy, massage, acupressure or Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation are used. It is very important that midwives carry out these practices, which provide additional options in preventing medical interventions, increase the work satisfaction of healthcare professionals, and are compatible with the care philosophy of midwives and nurses, in line with their independent roles.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Analysis of the Novel “The Museum Of Innocence” within the
           Framework of Bibliotheraphy Based on Object Relations Theory and
           Attachment Theory

    • Authors: Cansu KARAKUŞ; Tuğba YILMAZ
      Abstract: Objective: The aim is to analyze Orhan Pamuk’s novel “The Museum of Innocence”, in connection with Object Relations Theory and Attachment Theory within the framework of bibliotheraphy. Method: Attachment styles that are thought to be related to Kemal’s behavior are aimed to be explained through some texts in the book so that the relationship between them can be solved.Results: In this analysis, it can be suggested that there might be a relationship between Kemal’s behavior and anxious and dismissive attachment styles. The result of the novel analysis has been discussed in the conclusion, which highlights the limited portrayal of the perspectives of the other main characters, Füsun and Sibel, while focusing mostly on Kemal’s unhappy moments and the contrasting attitudes he exhibits. Moreover, the Kemal’s relationship with other characters in the novel are evaluated with object relations theory and exemplified with the passages from the novel.Conclusion: As a result of this review, it is aimed that the evaluation of the novel in terms of the use of books in psychotherapy (bibliotherapy) will contribute to the mental health professionals working actively in the field. In psychotherapies; romantic relationships, depression, separation anxiety, post-separation loss mourning period, and so on can be useful in addressing issues.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Rediscovery of Anatomy at the End of the Middle Ages: The Influence of
           Mondıno De' Liuzzi

    • Authors: Özlem GÜL
      Abstract: Objective; Mondino de' Liuzzi, a late Middle Ages professor at the University of Bologna, significantly influenced the development of anatomy as a scientific discipline. In this study, we aim to discuss comprehensively the role played by Mondino de' Liuzzi in establishing anatomy as a scientific discipline from a historical perspective. Additionally, we intend to examine his most significant work, “Anatomi (Anathomia),” focusing on the terminology used and the methods proposed for human dissection.Methods: In this context, we aim to discuss Mondino de' Liuzzi's contributions to the development of anatomy in the Late Middle Ages, drawing from his work "Anathomia" written in 1316 and first printed in Padua in 1478. Additionally, key sources such as Castiglioni's "A History of Medicine," Siraisi's "Medieval & Early Renaissance Medicine: An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice," and Singer's "A Short History of Anatomy & Physiology from the Greeks to Harvey" were utilized in our research.Results: Mondino developed a standardized methodology for dissection practices. Mondino symbolizes the intellectual connection formed by the revival of anatomical science between the stagnant period of scientific endeavors in the Middle Ages and the emergence of innovations during the Renaissance, which represents a pivotal link.Conclusion: Mondino's studies in the field of anatomy contributed to the reconsideration of the notion that the Middle Ages was a scientifically unproductive period. The research on human dissection conducted by Mondino, when evaluated alongside the experiences of other anatomists, led to the conclusion that it laid the foundation for innovations and advancements in the field of anatomy.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • 6 February Earthquake Experience: Disaster Victim Identification

    • Authors: Meltem GÜNBEĞİ
      Abstract: Identifying a living or dead person and revealing the features that will distinguish them from other people is called identification. With this article, it is aimed to emphasize the importance of identification in disaster after the earthquake experience that occurred in the center of Kahramanmaraş province in February 2023 and affected 11 provinces. In addition to its legal importance, the identification of disaster victims is also important for spiritual and social well-being. In order to achieve post-traumatic recovery and psychological well-being, identification must be made with minimal errors. It can be said that not finding the body at all or for a long time, incorrect diagnosis, repeated sampling, conquest of the grave experiences will create new traumas and may also lead to legal errors. There were deficiencies in identification process in the earthquake that affected 11 provinces in February 2023. Considering the reality of living in an earthquake geography, identification studies need to be developed to prevent the deficiencies from occurring again. For this purpose, the disaster victim identification and burial working group in the Turkey Disaster Response Plan should be formed with experts on the subject, and the identification and burial section of the Turkey Disaster Response Plan should be developed.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Ismail Hakkı Bey: A Hardworking and Dedicated Anatomist Who Died in
           the Line of Duty

    • Authors: Ozan TURAMANLAR
      Abstract: There are many personalities in Türkiye who have services in the field of anatomy and are a source of inspiration to today's anatomists with their studies. One of the physicians who has served both in the army and in the academy in the efforts for change before and after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey is Ismail Hakkı Bey. After graduating with the rank of captain in 1901, Ismail Hakkı Bey took his specialty from the bacteriology department and worked as a bacteriologist, anatomist and histologist in Damascus for a while. After returning to Istanbul in 1918, he served science and his country with the titles of assistant professor of anatomy, assistant professor of anatomy and professor of topographic anatomy respectively at the Faculty of Medicine in Istanbul. Ismail Hakkı Bey, is on the list of Ord. Prof. Dr. Nurettin Ali Berkol's team. Together with this hardworking team, they have also published anatomy books. Ismail Hakkı Bey died on 1926 at the during of his duty, with a medical apron on. Şehsüvaroğlu described him as a “very hardworking and dedicated teacher” for him. As an academician, one of our duties is to introduce hardworking and selfless physicians and scientists who have served medicine, science and their country, such as Ismail Hakkı bey, to the younger generations and to make them experience the honor of serving science.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Importance of Refik Saydam Institute of Hygiene and Public Health in
           terms of History of Medicine in Turkiye

    • Authors: Müge DEMİR; Mukadder GÜN
      Abstract: XIII. Lokman Hekim History of Medicine and Folkloric Medicine Days were held in Sinop on 14-16 September 2023. As we stated in our oral presentation at this congress, the Refik Saydam Institute of Hygiene and Public Health has an undeniable place in Turkish medical history. In this study, Refik Saydam's life story and his contributions to Turkish medical history will be briefly mentioned. Later, the establishment and duties of the Refik Saydam Institute of Hygiene and Public Health will be discussed. In this context, the Hygiene School and the journal published by the Institute will also be mentioned. The Institute was affiliated to the Turkish Public Health Institution, which was established in 2011 with the new restructuring of the Ministry of Health. The Institute was not included in the General Directorate of Public Health, which was established on 25 August 2017 in place of the Turkish Public Health Institution, and disappeared without any accountability as if it had never existed. The main aim of this letter is to present the parallel between the silent elimination of such an important institution and the issues discussed in Takiyettin Mengüşoğlu's 1948 article, "Tarihilik ve Tarihsizlik", to the opinions of experts in the field.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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