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Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi
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ISSN (Print) 1309-761X - ISSN (Online) 1309-8004
Published by Mersin Universitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Events of “Appreciation to Silent Instructors of Medicine” at
           Mersin University

    • Authors: Alev BOBUS ÖRS; Zeliha KURTOĞLU OLGUNUS
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Opinions of the First and Second Year Students of the Faculty of Medicine
           About the Medical Symbol

    • Authors: Ilgaz AKDOĞAN
      Abstract: The symbol of medicine has been known as the snake wrapped in a staff since prehistoric times.. The symbol of medicine contains many historical and ethical values. A study was planned to understand the equivalents of the professional and ethical values represented by the medical symbol in the 1st and 2nd year students studying in the first years of medical school. Aydın Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine 1st and 2nd year students were asked to fill in a questionnaire form with questions about the medical symbol to volunteer students. A total of 124 students participated in the study (51 students 1st grade, 73 2nd grade students). When the results are evaluated, it is seen that medical school students generally have knowledge and awareness about the symbol of medicine, but they do not know its historical origins. We think that it is important to know the historical background of the medical symbol in medical education and to convey the corresponding meanings to the students in order to keep the professional and ethical values alive.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Musculoskeletal System Disorders of Healthcare Personnel
           in Ankara Province

    • Authors: İlker SOLMAZ; Aydan ÖRSÇELİK, Gökhan BUYUKLUOGLU
      Abstract: Background: Musculoskeletal system disorders are the most important and frequent cause of work-related health issues. Chronic pain due to musculoskeletal disorders can give rise to disability, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances resulting in poor quality of life. These problems are frequently encountered in many business areas, especially in the field of healthcare. This study aimed to investigate the location and severity of musculoskeletal disorders of healthcare personnel working in the province of Ankara and how these problems relate to their lifestyle.Methods: An online questionnaire was applied to healthcare personnel working in the province of Ankara between November and December 2020. The questionnaire consisted of 14 questions about general information and 11 additional SF-36 questions.Results: A total of 285 participants were evaluated. Physical functioning (PF) and role physical (RP) parameters of those who had been in the same position for less than eight years were significantly higher compared to those who had been in the same position for more than eight years. There was a statistically significant increase in PF and social function parameters with the increase in educational status. Male gender PF, RP, role emotional, and pain parameters were significantly higher than female gender.Conclusion: This study revealed that the age, gender, education level, number of personnel in the institution where they work, total working time, and working in the same position for many years affect the quality of life in healthcare personnel. In addition, the location and frequency of musculoskeletal pain of healthcare personnel were revealed.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • No title

    • Authors: Ahmet ACIDUMAN; Nuray GÜNEŞ
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • In Vitro Urease Inhibitory and Antioxidant Activity of Six Plants
           Collected from Rize

    • Authors: Elif DİLMAÇ; Melike SUCU, Tuğba GÜNBATAN, İlhan GÜRBÜZ
      Abstract: Introduction: The urease enzyme has become one of the targets of new drug candidate compounds for the treatment of peptic ulcer caused by Helicobacter pylori. In this study, it was aimed to determine the urease enzyme inhibitory activity of six wildly grown plants [Daphne pontica L., Lotus corniculatus L., Lythrum salicaria L., Medicago sativa L., Potentilla reptans L. and Senecio leucanthemifolius subsp. vernalis (Waldst. & Kit.) Greuter] collected from Rize. In addition, their antioxidant activities, one of the mechanisms that play a role in the prevention of peptic ulcer, and total phenol and flavonoid contents were also determined. Methods: Plants were collected in Rize Center and İkizdere district, 80% ethanol extracts were prepared from their aerial parts and their urease enzyme inhibitory activity was determined. The antioxidant activities of the prepared extracts were determined with DPPH, ABTS and CUPRAC tests, and their total phenol and flavonoid amounts were determined.Results: As a result of in vitro tests, 80% ethanol extract of S. leucantemifolius subsp. vernalis was seen to inhibit urease enzyme at a low rate (13,7%); while other studied extracts moderately inhibited it more strongly (at rates varying between 24,6% and 31,3%). It was determined that studied extracts generally have strong antioxidant activity. The highest total phenol and flavonoid contents were detected in L. salicaria and L. corniculatus, respectively.Conclusion: It was determined that the plants included in the study generally inhibited the urease enzyme at a certain level. D. pontica, L. salicaria and P. reptans stood out with their high antioxidant activity, total phenol and flavonoid contents. Although very strong urease inhibitory activity was not observed with extracts; compounds, that could be isolated by bioactivity guided fractionation studies or their derivatives, could possibly show strong urease inhibitory activity and new urease inhibitory compounds could be found.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A Study on the Ethical Aspects of Witnessed Resuscitation from the
           Perspective of Prehospital Emergency Caregivers

    • Authors: Arif Hüdai KÖKEN; Süleyman ERSOY
      Abstract: Aim: Patients' relatives are routinely removed from the emergency department resuscitation room. One can attribute this practice primarily to reasons such as safeguarding patient welfare, protecting medical personnel and patient's relatives from potential risks. In prehospital emergency medicine, it is often not possible to prevent witnessed resuscitation efforts. Prehospital emergency caregivers responding to cardiopulmonary arrest must focus only on the patient. It is aimed to investigate the ethical perspectives of prehospital emergency caregivers on witnessed resuscitation and to make policy recommendations according to the results of the research.Methods: The study was designed as a prospective, descriptive survey. Between February 18, 2022 and March 18, 2022, the survey prepared for EMTs, paramedics, health officers, nurses, and physicians working in the ambulance service of Kırşehir Provincial Health Directorate was applied face-to-face.Results: The majority of the participants were women, associate degree graduates, EMT, and paramedics, and their career duration was between 6-10 years. When comparing paramedic and EMT responses to the questions, a statistically significant difference was only found in the response to question “Does witnessing the resuscitation you perform in the prehospital area cause a situation that may harm the patient'”. Additionally, the ethical aspects of witnessed resuscitation in the prehospital setting were examined under the headings such as the witness of the family and nonfamily individuals, professionalism, patient privacy and confidentiality, the grieving process, medical staff safety, and nonmaleficence.Conclusions: Witnessed resuscitation in the prehospital setting has many controversial ethical aspects and needs regulations and training in this regard.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Past and Present Usage Areas of Lycium barbarum L.

      Abstract: "Goji berry", which is known as the fruit of the Lycium barbarum L. species belonging to the Solanaceae family, has become very popular in recent years as the "super fruit" due to its high nutritional value. L. barbarum is a perennial herb in the form of a bush. Its fruits have a sweet and sharp taste, a soft structure of orange-red color in elliptical shape, about 2 cm deep. It is explained that medicinal drugs are made from the roots, bark, and fruits of the plant, which has been used in traditional medicine and food in China and Tibet for more than 2000 years, and its leaves and seeds are included in some medicinal plant books. It is thought to prolong life by the locals in Tibet and is also known as the “fruit of happiness The fruits of the plant, also known as “wolfberry” in the World, contain many compounds with high biological activity such as polysaccharide complexes, carotenoids, phenylpropanoids. As the dried fruits of the plant are consumed directly, they have different uses in the world such as making herbal tea, fruit juice, wine, tincture and cooking. In this study, knowledge about the traditional usages of the L. barbarum plant has been compiled.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Early Pregnancy Subject in An Ancient Indian Source: Sushruta Samhita

    • Authors: Sebahat ATAR; Ahmet ACIDUMAN
      Abstract: Object: Sushruta Samhita, one of the most important books of ancient Indian medicine, was written by the most famous surgeon of his time, Sushruta. In this article, it is aimed that to compare the information about the "early pregnancy" period in Sushruta Samhita, which is accepted to be written before the 5th century BC, with the important works of ancient Greek-Roman medicine.Method: Sushruta Samhita has two parts, Purva-tantra and Uttara-tantra and Purva-tantra consists of five books, namely Sutrasthana, Nidana, Sarirasthanam, Chikitasathanam and Kalpasthanam. The English translation of Sushruta Samhita was first made in 1907, and the 1911 English edition is used in this work. The subject of "early pregnancy” which takes part in the third section of Śárira Sthánam that is one of the books in Sushruta Samhita, was discussed and the available information is compared with the important works of ancient Greek-Roman medicine. This study was conducted between February 1, 2022 and August 1, 2022.Results: Sushruta Samhita is written in a simple, concise and understandable language. Religion does not have an intense effect on the text under review, and it makes us think that observation and reasoning also play an important role in the basis of the information in the book. It can be said that the information in Sushruta Samhita is more compatible with today's medicine on observation-based subjects such as "appropriate period for conception". In contrast, information such as "development of the fetus" that is likely based on further investigation, such as animal dissection beside observation was more advanced in ancient Greek-Roman medicine. Contrary to ancient Greek-Roman medicine sexist approach was not observed in Sushruta Samhita, at least considering the chapter in which the study was conducted. Conclusion: Although the view that modern medicine is based on ancient Greek medicine is widespread, it is seen that there is an advanced medical practice, based on observation and reasoning in ancient Indian medicine, at least related to topic of discussion. Therefore, in order to better understand the sources of modern medicine, beside ancient Greek medicine, it is important to examine the other medical schools such as ancient India, and reveal their contributions to the development of medical science.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Dysmenorrhea Problems of Midwifery Students at a University in Terms of
           Some Related Variables

    • Authors: Ayfer ESER; Nurten KAYA
      Abstract: Aim: This study, was carried out to examine the dysmenorrhea problem of midwifery students of a health sciences faculty and the factors affecting it.Materials and Methods: The population of the descriptive and relationship-seeking study consisted of students (N=420) studying in the midwifery department of a health sciences faculty, and the sample consisted of 368 students. Data; It was collected with the Student Information Form (SDF) and the Dysmenorrhea Affective Scale (DAS). Data; percentile distribution, mean, student t-test, one-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD, and Pearson correlation were evaluated.Results: The average of the students' DAS scores was found to be 129.04 (SD=15.96). Marital status, stressful close relationships, lack of social support, presence of a person with dysmenorrhea in the immediate environment, and cycle duration variables were found to be effective in dysmenorrhea. The most common complaints of students during dysmenorrhea are; cramps in the lower abdomen (85.1%), nervousness (61.4%), fatigue (54.9%), and back pain (51.6%) were determined. To reduce pain during dysmenorrhea; It was determined that they applied heat to the abdomen (65.5%) and massaged (58.2%) and also used painkillers (49.7%).Conclusion: Dysmenorrhea was found to be higher in the students within the scope of the study, according to the DAS. Marital status, stressful close relationships, lack of social support, presence of people with dysmenorrhea in the immediate environment, and cycle duration affect dysmenorrhea. The most common complaint during dysmenorrhea is cramping in the lower abdomen.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A Study on the Effect of Health Literacy on Increasing Awareness of Women
           about Gynecological Cancers

    • Authors: Sevinç KÖSE; Papatya KARAKURT
      Abstract: Aim: The research was carried out to determine the effect of health literacy on women's awareness of gynecological cancers.Materials and Methods: Sample selection was not made in the study, and the sample of this study consists of 380 female patients between the ages of 20-65 who applied to the obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinics of the Training and Research Hospital located in the province of Erzincan for any reason. The data of the study were collected between March 2022 and June 2022, using the "Sociodemographic Characteristics and Information Form", "Health Literacy Scale" and "Gynecological Cancers Awareness Scale (JİKFÖ). Numbers, percentages, mean, standard deviation and Sperman Correlation Analysis were used in the analysis of the data.Results: Of the women included in the study, 68.2% were in the 20-35 age group, 56.6% were university graduates, 71.6% were not working, 88.7% did not have PAP test, 69.2% It was determined that he did not know about the HPV vaccine. It was determined that women's Gynecological Cancers Awareness Scale mean score was 150.23±28.73 and Health Literacy Scale mean score was 100.79±21.15, and a positive correlation was found between the two scales.Conclusion: The mean score of the gynecological cancers awareness scale and health literacy scale of women was found to be above the medium level, and as the level of health literacy increases, the level of awareness of gynecological cancer also increases. It is recommended to take initiatives to increase the health literacy level of women in order to increase their knowledge level for early diagnosis of gynecological cancers and participation in cancer screenings.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Physicians' Views on Ethical Issues of Human Embryonic Stem Cell

    • Authors: Mukadder GÜN; Serap ŞAHİNOĞLU
      Abstract: Objective: This study investigated what physicians thought about the ethical issues hESC’ research. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of all physicians from the bone marrow transplant units (BMTUs) and centers of assisted reproductive treatment (CARTs) licensed by the Ministry of Health. The sample consisted of 123 volunteers. Data were collected using a questionnaire on ethical issues of hESC research developed by researchers. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation were used for analysis. Results: Participants had a mean age of 38.88 years (sd: 4.37). Of participants, 78% were married, 65% were men, 65.85% were physicians of university hospitals, and 57.7% were physicians of obstetrics and in vitro fertilization units. “For such treatments, it is correct to use embryonic stem cells obtained from embryos formed from one's own gamete cells, instead of stored embryos”; 49.6% of the participants agreed, and 42.3% agreed with the statement "I think it is inevitable that human embryonic stem cells should be used for scientific/research purposes". Conclusion: Finally physicians' views on ethical problems of hESC research differed by age, gender, and institutions for which they worked.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Impacts of Tropical Fruit Growing on the Turkish Folk Medicine

    • Authors: Özlem ÜNALAN
      Abstract: Purpose: The present study sought to reveal the correlation between climate and folk medicine, usage properties of local fruits in community health and impacts of tropical fruit growing that has found a great approval in Turkey in recent years on the Turkish folk medicine. Method: In order to conduct the study, the researchers reviewed studies on the Turkish folk medicine such as dissertations, books and articles and determined in which illnesses the tropical fruits such as banana, avocado and bitter melon which were discussed in the aforementioned studies were used and in what way they were used. In addition, related to the subject, hand brochures in the markets in Alanya were examined.Findings: The studies and reviews carried out demonstrated that there was an association between the climate and plant cover properties of an area and folk medicine practices of the local community in that area. Accordingly, the researchers found that tropical fruits particularly growing in Antalya, Mersin, Adana and Hatay also showed a drog property in protecting from and curing the illnesses of the local community. Conclusion: This study was carried out between 12.06.2019-15.10.2022. Banana and avocado which have been growing in Turkey for many years are not only consumed as food in the area where they grow in particular and across Turkey in general, but they are also used against a variety of illnesses owing to significant vitamins and ingredients they contain. In recent years, there has been an increase in tropical fruit growing in Turkey and new tropical fruits have begun to grow.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Knowledge and Awareness of Microbiota of Midwives and
           Nurses Working in Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics

    • Authors: Meltem UĞURLU; Fatma Nisan KARAOĞLU, Öznur HAYAT OKTEM, Birsen ARIKAN, Emine TEKELİ ŞAHİN
      Abstract: Objective: The study aims to examine the knowledge and awareness levels of midwives and nurses working in obstetrics clinics. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted between May and September 2022 with 229 midwives and nurses working in obstetrics clinics in Turkey using the snowball sampling method. Data were collected online with a questionnaire. The data were analyzed with the SPSS package program, and their distribution was shown as numbers and percentages. Results: 78.2% of the participants were midwives and 21.8% were nurses. When they were asked about their knowledge level on microbiota; 47.8% of them were bad, 45% of them were moderate and 7.2% of them were at a good level. When they expressed their opinions about microbiota related with women/children's health; 66.4% disagree that “antibiotic use of the mother during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period doesn’t affect the infant intestinal microbiota”, 62.9% agree that “unhealthy vaginal microbiota doesn’t protect women against infections”, 56.3% disagreed that “intestinal microbiota of normal or newborn born by cesarean section isn’t different from each other” and 43.7% disagreed that “intestinal microbiota is different in newborns fed with breast milk and formula”. 10% of midwives and nurses attended a training on microbiota. While 50.7% of them stated diet and 42.4% of them lifestyle as effective factors in the formation of microbiota; 35.8% of them stated that they didn’t know about this issue.Conclusion: Improving the knowledge and awareness of midwives and nurses working in obstetrics and gynecology clinics, training and planning in this direction will make important contributions to increasing the microbial health of women and children.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Effect of Kaempferol in Medicinal Plants on LPS-induced THP-1 Macrophages

    • Authors: Metin YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Introduction: Inflammation is a biological response of the immune system when triggered by various factors including toxic compounds, damaged cells and pathogens. Active substances isolated from medicinal plants should be chosen carefully when using them as a new therapeutic strategy in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Kaempferol is a polyphenol abundantly found in medicinal plants, vegetables, fruits. Kaempferol has anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-bacterial properties. Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of kaempferol on NO and PGE2 levels, which are target molecules in studies for the treatment of inflammation, and cell viability in LPS-induced THP-1 macrophage cells. Result: In 2022, Kaempferol was applied to LPS-induced THP-1 macrophage cells at a concentration of 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 µM. Kaempferol administration to THP-1 macrophage cells did not affect cell viability and also decreased PGE2 and NO % levels. It was determined that administration of kaempferol at different doses did not decrease cell viability in THP-1 macrophage cells. In addition, in THP-1 macrophage cells induced by LPS, 2.5 µM kaempferol application decreased NO % level and 7.5 µM kaempferol application decreased PGE2 level statistically.Discussion and Conclusion: The application of 7.5 µM kaempferol does not have a negative effect on the proliferation of macrophage cells, but decreases both NO level and PGE2 order and shows good anti-inflammatory effect.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Complementary, Traditional and Spiritual Practices Used by Women in
           Pregnancy and Delivery

    • Authors: Merve ÇAMLIBEL
      Abstract: Aim: This study was conducted to determine the complementary and traditional-spiritual practices applied by women during pregnancy and childbirth who gave birth vaginally. .Method: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with 112 women who had a vaginal delivery between January and April 2019. Study data were collected using the form of participants' sociodemographic characteristics and complementary practices. Data were analyzed using descriptive percentage tests and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) software.Results: According to the study, the mean age of women who had vaginal delivery was 28.44±5 years, 56.3% of them were delivered by a physician, and 35.7% of them did not receive childbirth preparation training. 74.1% of the women stated that they used CAM methods during pregnancy and 47.3% of them during delivery. Prayer/spiritual practices (96.4%), music (73.5%), daydreaming (69.9%) and different foods (65.1%) were used most frequently during pregnancy. Breathing exercises (94.3%) and prayer/spiritual practices (90.5%) and relaxation/meditation (37.7%) were the most used methods at birth. All of those who used herbal products during labor drank the water in which the herb of Ana Fatma Eli was put. 46.4% of the women did not know how to use the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) application during childbirth, 25.9% could not use it due to labor pain, 17.8% did not think about it during delivery, 5.3% did not allow the delivery room staff, 4.5% did not use it because of the negative attitude of the health personnel. Conclusion: Although the majority of women in our study stated that they used alternative methods during pregnancy, this rate decreases at delivery. In order to increase the autonomy of women during pregnancy and delivery, their information needs about CAM methods need to be met and they need to be strengthened in this regard. In addition, studies to increase the awareness of health professionals about CAM methods and the preparation of clinical protocols for the use of these CAM methods are needed.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Emergence of Health as a Social Institution in Industrıal

    • Authors: Sercan DERELİ; Serap ŞAHİNOĞLU
      Abstract: Society is a whole consisting of social structure and institutions. While social structure refers to the regular relations between people, social institutions are social relations that take part in the fulfillment of the needs and goals pursued by a society. There are five universal institutions in societies: family, religion, economy, politics and education. Transformations in the social structure have led to the restructuring of these institutions at each stage of society. On the other hand, related transformations paved the way for the emergence of new institutions. Health, although it is an area that has taken its place in all social stages, which is one of these new institutions, has gained the feature of being a social institution by being institutionalized in the industrial societies that emerged after the Industrial Revolution triggered by technological developments. Institutionalization means the emergence of health care as a social need and its systematic production. Renaissance thought, technological developments, the emergence of social policy understanding and the phenomenon of marketization have been influential in the institutionalization of the health field. In this study, health in industrial societies; how it gained the feature of being a social institution and what kind of transformations in its functions were tried to be discussed from a broad perspective.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Study The Effects of Curcumın and Naringenın on Liver Damage Caused by
           Copper Nanoparticles

    • Authors: Hiba LALOU; Metin YILDIRIM, Merih AKKAPULU, Serap YALIN, Ali YALIN
      Abstract: Introduction: The increase in the frequency of use of copper nanoparticles (CuNP) results in an increased exposure of humans to this substance. Curcuma longa L. and Naringenin consumption reduces the risk of developing cancer types and helps protective biological effects in humans. Aim: In our study, the possible effects of different doses of curcumin and naringenin on the application of copper nanoparticles, oxidative stress and inflammation were investigated. Methods: In this study, 42 rats were divided into 6 groups. One of the groups was the control group, while the other groups were administered different doses of curcumin and naringenin substances as well as CuNP. At the end of the study, after the liver tissue was isolated and Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Glutathione (GSH), Malondialdehyde (MDA) activities and inflammation markers (IL-1α, IL-1β) were investigated. Result: As a result, it was found that copper nanoparticles increased oxidative stress and decreased antioxidant enzyme activities, while curcumin and naringenin decreased oxidative stress and increased antioxidant enzyme levels. When the IL-1α parameter in liver tissue was examined, the level of IL-1α decreased, this decrease was not statistically significant. The IL-1β parameter showed a statistically significant increase in the CuNP group compared to the control group (p<0.05). IL-1β level was decreased in different doses of curcumin and naringenin groups compared to CuNP group (p<0.05). Conclusion: It can be thought that curcumin and naringenine can be used for the protection and treatment against detrimental effects that may occur in case of exposure to copper nanoparticles in humans.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A Review on Humoral Pathology Theory in Chagatai Turkish Medical Works

    • Authors: Volkan ACAR; Eyüp SARITAŞ, Nüket ÖRNEK BÜKEN
      Abstract: Object: In this study, we aimed to investigate the data related with the humoral pathology theory in Chagatai Turkish medical works.Materials and Methods: Six texts written in Chagatai Turkish were examined in the study. The study was performed between January 2020 and May 2020. Congress presentations, journal articles, master and doctorate theses, and books which were prepared about İbn-i Kutluk Molla Toh Niyaz Ahond-Nıng Tıbb Kitabı, Ṭabīblik kitābï, Ṭabı̇̄bçılıḳ, Tıb-Nâme-i Türkî, Risāle-i Ṭıb and Müfredat-ı tıb were used as reference source for investigation.Results: At the end of the study, it was seen that information related to humoral pathology theory was present in Chagatai Turkish medical works written in different time periods. The conception in these works are four elements humoral pathology theory which was originated from Ancient Greek and was been the main medical concept of Islamic Medicine and Ottoman Medicine thereafter. Since only a short summary of the contents of Risāle-i Ṭıb ve Müfredat-ı tıb were published in reference works, it couldn’t be reached the full texts of these works. However, there are detailed information about it both in theoretical parts and in diagnosis and treatment parts of the works which were published as full texts. Conclusion: As a result, the main medical concept in the Chagatai Turkish medical works is detected as four elements humoral pathology conception. When evaluated together with the information about Islamic religion in the content of the texts, the obtained data supports the idea that one of the important reasons affecting the medical concept is religion.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • COVID-19 in Terms of Basic Issues of Health Economics

    • Authors: Pınar YALÇIN BALÇIK
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted individuals, healthcare systems and economies in unprecedented ways. Health systems are focused on properly managing and delivering routine healthcare services, while developing strategies to control COVID-19. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the infrastructure for the possible increase in the epidemic. All of this complicates the process of governments setting health and public policy. It is thought that governments need studies conducted from the perspective of health economics in order to determine the right policies at the right time. In this article, the COVID-19 pandemic is evaluated in terms of supply, demand, cost, economic evaluation, and inequalities, which are the main issues of health economics. In the article, first of all, the double-sided effect of COVID-19 on healthcare demand is emphasized. Then, the effects of COVID-19 on supply were examined through primary care providers, hospitals and emergency services. Information about the cost of COVID-19 disease was given and the importance of economic evaluation studies for resource use during the pandemic period was emphasized. Finally, it was mentioned about the health inequalities during the pandemic period and the need for improvement. Preventing and treating COVID-19 has high costs. In order to make the right decisions at the right time, policy makers need economic evaluation studies that evaluate the health consequences and costs of potential treatments together. In extraordinary situations such as a pandemic, evidence-based decisions prevent wasting valuable time and resources. In addition, the pandemic has brought to the agenda the issue of improving the health inequalities existing in health systems.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Botanical Properties and Health Effects of Golden Strawberry/Ground Cherry
           (Physalis Peruviana L.)

      Abstract: Physalis peruviana is an exotic species native to the tropical regions of South America, belonging to the genus Physalis of the Solanaceae family. P. peruviana fruits, which are yellow-orange in color, almost round, berry-like and fleshy, can adapt to various altitudes, soils and climatic conditions. There are four species of Physalis that grow naturally in our country, and the genus known as güveyfeneri among the people is cultivated and it is known to have economic importance. P. peruviana, which is rich in vitamin C, phosphorus potassium and phenolic compounds, is a functional product. In pharmacological and phytochemical studies, antibacterial, anticarcinogenic, antidiabetic and antioxidant effects have been demonstrated. P. peruviana fruit, which has a taste and appearance very close to tomato, is widely used in fruit juices, marmalades, jams and desserts, sauces and glazes as well as fresh consumption. It is expected that this fruit will become more widespread in the future due to its unique taste and many effects on health. In this study, the botanical and functional properties of the P. peruviana plant were mentioned, its potential effects on health were evaluated and information on alternative uses was compiled.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Wild Plants Used in Folk Medicine of Diyadin and Doğubayazıt

    • Authors: Oğuz DOĞAN
      Abstract: Objective: Herbal treatment methods, which have been shaped as a result of long experiences, constitute an important part of traditional folk life. Based on the idea that plant-based folk medicine practices, which differ according to the geographical regions of our country, need to be researched and examined separately. With this study, It is aimed to record the traditional herbal treatment practices in Diyadin and Doğubayazıt districts of Ağrı province.Method: Within the scope of the study carried out in Diyadin and Doğubayazıt districts of Ağrı province, between 08.09.2022 and 11.09.2022, some interviews were held with people who have traditional knowledge about wild plants. In addition, although they were born and raised in these two districts, interviews were held with some people who reside in Ağrı city center for various reasons and have knowledge about wild plants. In this direction, various datas were obtained with the interview technique, which is one of the folklore compilation method. Such various questions were asked to the interviewed people about weeds as when, for what, by whom, how and under what conditions they were collected. Traditional information given by individuals has been recorded with their permission. In addition, at the end of the interview, the photos of the dried and the preserved plants were taken.Results: As a result of this study carried out in Diyadin and Doğubayazıt districts, it was determined that the women in the region used 33 plants that they collected from their natural environment in certain periods, and used them as medicine against diseases. These plants, which are made ready for use with traditional methods, are used against cancer, respiratory diseases, hemorrhoids, gynecological diseases, strengthening the immune system or eliminating mental problems, etc. Conclusion: In these practices shaped by folk culture, people's recovery is considered a situation far beyond material expectations. The basic understanding of the practices carried out in the light of the information that the source persons have inherited from their ancestors is to treat diseases and ailments with plants. It is very important for the historical development of traditional medicine to record these practices, which have a deep-rooted history, and thus to transfer them to the future.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Examination of the Level of Fear of Childbirth in Pregnant Women and
           Predictor Variables

    • Authors: Ayla KANBUR; Özlem KOÇ
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the level of fear of childbirth in pregnant women and to determine some variables related to fear of childbirth.Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. The study was carried out in a maternity hospital non-stress test unit between 1 June-31 December 2018. 291 pregnant women, who met the criteria for inclusion in the study made up the research sample. In the study, which consisted of 28 questions prepared by the researchers by scanning the literature, a questionnaire consisting of 28 questions to determine the socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics of pregnant women and version A of the VIJMA birth expectation/experience Scale were used.Result: The mean score of pregnant women for the VIJMA expectancy of birth is 55.35+21.94. 21.6% of the pregnant women experience mild fear, 43.7% experience moderate fear, 26.5% experience severe fear, and 8.2% experience a clinical level of fear of childbirth. According to multiple linear regression analysis, not spouse support and experiencing postpartum problems in the previous childbirth among the obstetric variables are positive predictors of the fear of childbirth (β=0.15, p<0.05; β=0.19, p<0.05) and the gestational week is a negative predictor (β=-0.14,p<0.05). These three variables together explain 10% of the total variance (R2=0.105, adjusted R2=0.087, F=5.83, p<0.001). According to multiple linear regression analysis conducted with various causes of anxiety, the anxiety about childbirth, the anxiety about death during childbirth, and the fear of being badly treated by midwife are positive predictors of the fear of childbirth (β=0.12, p<0.05; β=0.15, p<0.01; β=0.12, p<0.05). Together, these three variables explain 0.72% of the total variance (R2=0.072, adjusted R2=0.059, F=5.51, p<0.001).Conclusion: It was determined that the pregnant women mostly experienced moderate fear of childbirth. Spousal support, having postpartum problems in previous birth, gestational week, anxiety about birth, fear of dying at birth, and fear of misbehavior by health personnel during birth were found to be associated with fear of childbirth.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of the Correlation between Fear of COVID-19 and Health
           Anxiety in Emergency Health Personnel

    • Authors: Derya ŞİMŞEKLİ BAKIRHAN; Mehtap TAN
      Abstract: Aim: To determine the relationship between fear of Covid-19 and health anxiety in emergency health personnel.Method: This research was conducted in descriptive type. Research data were collected from 123 participants between March and May 2021 using the descriptive characteristics form, the COVID-19 fear scale, and the Health anxiety scale. Data analysis was done with SPSS 26 Statistical Package Program. Results: The mean age, fear of COVID-19, and health anxiety of the participants were 27.27±6.23, 18.80±8.26, 31.45±9.82, respectively. A statistically significant relationship was found in the correlation analysis between fear of COVID-19 and health anxiety (r=0.350, p < 0.01). A positive and significant relationship was found between age and fear of COVID-19 (r=0.189, p < 0.05).Conclusion: Considering the results of this study, it is seen that the fear of COVID-19 and health anxiety of emergency health personnels are moderate and positively and significantly correlated with each other. In this case, it shows that as the COVID-19 fears of emergency health personnel increase, their anxiety about their health also increases.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship Between Women’s Health Literacy and COVID-19 Phobia: A
           Family Health Center Example in Turkey

    • Authors: Rana CAN ÖZDEMİR; Meryem Türkan IŞIK, Sadık NAZİK
      Abstract: Objective: Women parents’ health literacy levels make it easier to understand the requirements and preventative measures during a pandemic. The aim of this study is to reveal the relationship and factors affecting women's fear of COVID-19 and health literacy.Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, Personal Information Form, COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S), and Turkish Health Literacy Scale 32 (THLS 32) were used to gather data. The sample consisted of 161 women who applied to a family health center. Analysis of the data was done with frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and minimum-maximum values. The suitability of variables to normal distribution was tested with Shapiro-wilks and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests. For variables not conforming to normal distribution, nonparametric statistical tests were used using Q1: First quarter Q3: Third quarter and Median values. Mann-Whitney u and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used.Results: Participants’ average age was 35.79 ± 7.76. The health literacy total score is 64.93 ± 20.18 and COVID-19 Phobia Scale total score is 52.27 ± 13.13. No significant correlation was found between health literacy and COVID-19 phobia total scores.Conclusion: The COVID-19 phobia and health literacy levels were found to be moderate. A significant correlation was found between COVID-19 Phobia Scale total score and the fear caused by the news, frequent change in treatment and the negative effects of staying at home. Also, a significant correlation was found between THLS total score and participants’ education level and following health related news.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Nurses' Opinions about Childhood Anti-Vaccination, Roles and
           Responsibilities in Preventing Anti-Vaccination Attitudes in Society

    • Authors: Ayşe ŞENER TAPLAK; Sevinç POLAT
      Abstract: Aim: This study was conducted to determine the opinions of nurses on childhood anti-vaccination and their roles and responsibilities in the prevention of anti-vaccination in society.Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2020 and August 2020. The sample of the study consisted of 199 nurses working in a university hospital. After obtaining the necessary permission the data were collected with an introductory information form and a questionnaire on views on childhood anti-vaccination, roles, and responsibilities regarding prevention of anti-vaccination in society, prepared by the researchers. Descriptive statistical analyzes were used in the assessment of the data.Results: In this study, 80.9% of the nurses found childhood vaccination necessary; 19.1% reported hesitations about vaccination. The reasons perceived by the nurses regarding anti-vaccination, in society included that 58.3% of the individuals thought that the vaccine had side effects and was unsafety of vaccines followed by a rate of 42.7%. The opinions were determined about roles and responsibilities of nurses in preventing anti-vaccination attitudes and in raising awareness, in society; to inform parents by training, counseling, and being a role model, raising awareness through social media, congresses, symposiums and public service ads, conducting evidence-based studies and following scientific publications.Conclusion: It is recommended to develop policies for the prevention of childhood anti-vaccination, to increase awareness of nurses about the issue through in-service trainings and scientific activities, and to take an active role in preventing anti-vaccination.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
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