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Englisia Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2339-2576 - ISSN (Online) 2527-6484
Published by UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Scrabble game technique: A game changer for English vocabulary learning

    • Authors: Diana Fauzia Sari, Rosnani Sahardin, Vida Yani, Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Students’ learning outcomes of vocabulary mastery in reading comprehension at junior high schools in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, are relatively low. To tackle the issue, the Scrabble Game Technique (hereafter, SGT) is hoped to be a game-changer. This study aims to investigate EFL students’ learning outcomes through the use of the SGT in learning English vocabulary through narrative texts to seventh-grade students at a junior high school. The aspects assessed for each type of vocabulary included nouns, verbs, pronouns, adverbs, adjectives, and conjunctions. The research design was quantitative with pre-experimental research that used a one-group pre-test post-test design to measure the students’ learning outcomes after three treatments with the SGT. A total of 30 seventh-grade students were selected by purposive sampling. The instrument used to collect data was a test, comprising 30 questions in total, with 18 multiple choices, 6 fill-in-the-blanks, and 6 matching-the-word. The tests were further analyzed using the right-hand t-test after the pre-requisite test was met. It was found that the percentage of mastery of nouns and verbs in the post-test was better than the pre-test, with the improvement of nouns at 93%, verbs at 91%, pronouns at 84%, adverbs at 72%, adjectives at 71%, and conjunctions at 71%. Furthermore, the t-count was 19.68 with p = 0.05, dk = 29, and t-table = 1.70. It was concluded that students’ learning outcomes were better after being taught through the SGT.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.12388
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • The inaugural speech of the Indonesian presidents: Analysing speech acts
           of Jokowi and SBY inaugural speech

    • Authors: Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Yudi Septiawan, Ismalianing Eviyuliwati, Teuku Zulfikar, Sudarya Permana
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Language plays a significant part in shaping and influencing people’s perspectives on societies and on political sectors, especially in an inaugural speech. Inaugural speech is one of the powerful tools to notify the people of the purposes as a leader. Hence, the researchers aimed to analyze the inaugural speeches of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) in 2004 and Joko Widodo (Jokowi) in 2019 regarding their rhetoric and schematic words in their speeches during their tenure served as the Indonesian President. To uncover their inaugural speeches, the researchers used the theoretical frameworks proposed by Hymes (1974, cited in Eaton, 2019), where he developed the analysis of the connection between a language and a broader feature, such as macro- and micro-linguistics analysis. However, the key purpose of concern still marks a language presenting equality between linguistic and social perspectives. The study revealed that SBY and Jokowi mostly used polite words, a low, moderate voice, and tended to appreciate their rivals when giving their inaugural speeches respectively in 2004 and 2019. The difference in macro and micro-linguistics features assert that these two national figures have different traits even though they are from the same ethnic group, the Javanese. Further, this study suggested some pedagogical implications for English teachers to implement the potential benefits of macro- and micro-linguistics analysis of inaugural speeches for the language classroom. It can bridge a gap between language teaching and practical English use in society.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.12760
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Developing ESP based-digital learning materials support students’ needs
           at Indonesian vocational schools: Perceived quality

    • Authors: Fadlia Fadlia, Surya Asra, Evi Zulida, Made Hery Santosa
      First page: 40
      Abstract: The purpose of incorporating digital learning materials into vocational school English instruction is to assist students in acquiring specific competencies. Additionally, prepared digital learning materials are intended to assist teachers in developing instructional materials that follow the principles of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) in vocational high schools (SMK). The research used the qualitative research and development (R&D) method. The stages of developing this teaching material model are adapted from Thiagarajan, Semmel, and Semmel's 4Ds model (1974), which consists of four stages: define, design, develop, and disseminate. As data sources, the participants were two teachers from two different vocational schools with a combined enrolment of 115 students. This research's results are a model for developing digital-based teaching materials (prepared digital learning materials). Furthermore, it was discovered that using the prepared digital learning materials greatly aided teachers in teaching English to achieve specific competencies. From the students' perspective, they admitted that it was also exciting because they perceived learning as distinct from traditional   learning materials due to digital materials usage.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.12166
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • It is all about clauses: Speech analysis using systemic functional
           linguistics theory

    • Authors: Hieronimus Canggung Darong
      First page: 54
      Abstract: Text and context are tightly related. Although previous studies have revealed the benefits of employing Systemic Functional Linguistics theory (SFL) in revealing the language functions, the specific examination of text ideational or experiential focusing on transitivty process type analysis is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the transitivity process type of a text. To achieve this purpose, Joe Biden’s victory speech was chosen and analyzed. In this respect, to make the analysis easily done, the speech text was changed into some sentences and clauses and thereafter analyzed following the aim of the study in question. The result of analysis has shown that the the material process type appears at most, which indicates the action of the participants involved in the speech. In addition, by means of transitivity analysis, interpersonal and power relation might be revealed as the existence of pronouns linking to verbs used in clauses of the text. As a conclusion, different language patterns might signify different concerns of the experintial or ideational functional category. Future research studies, by means of different ways of analysis, might be of benefit to examine the effectiveness of Systemic Functional Linguistics theory (SFL) in a text analysis.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.13029
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • English vocabulary learning strategies of university students in Papua

    • Authors: Komari Komari, Suryanto Suryanto, Upi Laila Hanum
      First page: 67
      Abstract: This study investigated vocabulary learning strategies (VSL) used by university students in Papua and the relationship between VSL use and English learning achievement. It employed quantitative and qualitative approaches. Quantitative data was collected using Takač's questionnare of VLS and analysed by applying Oxford's Taxonomy of Language Learning Strategies (LLS). Three hundred and thirty-six students majoring in English department and non-English department participated in the questionnaire. Twelve students and six English teachers contributed their perspectives as qualitative data on the learning and teaching of vocabulary at their universities. Key findings included: memory strategies and compensation strategies were the most frequently used strategies; students majoring in English used a wider range of strategies and used them more frequently than did students majoring in other fields of study; high-achieving students used a wider range of strategies and used them more frequently than their low-achieving counterparts; the majority of students were interested in learning new vocabulary through games, songs, movies, role-plays, and using vocabulary cards; more emphasis on VLS instruction need to be placed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.13117
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Contrastive analysis of English and Indonesian adverbs

    • Authors: Luthfi Auni, Abdul Manan
      First page: 88
      Abstract: This study focuses on contrastive analysis of the characteristics and features of adverbs in English and Indonesian languages. This study explores all similarities and differences of adverbs according to their forms, formations, meanings and positions in both languages thoroughly and accordingly predict what sorts of errors the Indonesian learners of English may encounter. This research uses descriptive method by using library research in which all data are collected from linguistics books from both languages. The findings show that there are similarities and differences almost in all aspects of adverbs in both languages. (1). Both languages have two similar forms, as origin and derivative. But in Indonesian, the original and derivative ones can be classified again into reduplication word. (2). The formations of adverbs in both languages use different affixation systems as inflection and derivation. Indonesian uses various affixes such as prefixes, suffixes and confixes, while English uses only kinds of affixes as prefix and suffix. In forming adverbs from adjectives, English uses a suffix ‘-ly’, and a prefix ‘a-‘, meanwhile most of the Indonesian adverbs have the same form as adjectives or without any addition of affixes. Referring to adverbs derived from verbs, Indonesian ones may be formed through reduplicating the base form of the verbs, while English does not have this system.  The formation of adverbs derived from nouns, English uses some suffixes such as, -ly, -ward(s), -ways, -wise, and a prefix, a-. Meanwhile Indonesian uses only one prefix ‘se-, one suffix –nya’ and by reduplicating the base form of the noun (e.g., hati becoming hati-hati), it is not in English ones. (3). In terms of their meanings, even though both English and Indonesian are alike, a great difference appears that several words called auxiliaries verbs in English and some English verbs such as, like, want, and wish, etc. have different word classes, concept and function in both languages. Those auxiliaries’ words and verbs are basically real adverbs as qualifiers in Indonesian. (4). Referring to adverb positions, generally, Indonesian adverbs are more mobile in sentences, meanwhile, English ones have certain common positions except some words should be placed permanently. These differences of adverbs in English and Indonesian are identified as problems caused by language interference for Indonesian students. Consequently, the results of this extensive research may be useful for teachers, students, curriculum development and materials of teaching.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.14692
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • The challenges of online assessment amidst covid-19 pandemic disruption:
           The voice of EFL lecturers

    • Authors: Mariadi Mariadi, Soni Mirizon, Margaretha Dinar Sitinjak
      First page: 107
      Abstract: ABSTRACTSince the rapid spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, the government of Indonesia through the Ministry of Education and Culture has shifted the assessment mode from face-to-face into online assessment following the policy of online teaching and learning process. This conversion can essentially encourage the lecturers in higher education to reflect on and improve their assessment methods that are novel, stimulating, and practical for them. On the other hand, various kinds of challenges are likely to encounter by lecturers in carrying out the online assessment. This study aims to find out the challenges of online assessment in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic disruption, and the solutions to meet these challenges. Qualitative method in a case study design was used to achieve the objectives of this study. The data were collected through in-depth interview and observation from two EFL lecturers at a state university in Palembang as the participants. The data were analysed by using thematic analysis. The findings revealed five primary challenges of online assessment: uneasiness, technical problems, time-consuming process, late submission, and academic dishonesty. Each of the challenges in the findings was followed by the solutions to deal with those challenges done by the participants. Keywords:   Challenges of online assessment; Online assessment amidst Covid-19 pandemic; The voice of EFL lecturers.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.13704
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Easing the rules of health protocols: A critical discourse analysis of
           Indonesian president’s speech on Covid-19 handling in 2022

    • Authors: Nihta V. F. Liando, Devilito Prasetyo Tatipang, Rinny Rorimpandey, Yofri Karisi
      First page: 127
      Abstract: The president is the icon of the number one person in a country, and the position of president is the highest position that allows him to always communicate with the public, namely making public speeches. The understanding of the listeners or the public towards the speech delivered by the president allows misunderstandings to arise in interpreting the meaning it contains, both implied and expressed. Therefore, it is very necessary to have a critical discourse analysis of what the president conveys in general. For this reason, the purpose of this research is to analyze the macro structure, superstructure, and micro structure contained in the text of the president's speech, as well as to reveal the implied intent of the president who put forward a statement in relation to action, context, history, power, and ideology. In addition, because the essence of the research is to describe in detail, the method used is qualitative with the principle of critical discourse analysis from Van Djik. Furthermore, the speech delivered by President Joko Widodo, which was delivered online on the metrotvnews youtube channel on May 19, 2022, was used as the object of this research. By applying the techniques of documentation, observation, systematic recording, literature study and listening to the data and research objects, the results show that the researcher found three dimensions of critical discourse analysis in speech texts, namely macro structure, supra structure, and micro structure. The characteristics of critical discourse analysis found in news texts are action, context, history, power, and ideology. In addition, five implied intentions were also found in the video that was shown online
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.13755
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Dissecting the types and functions of religious humor in Nasreddin Hoja

    • Authors: Saiful Akmal, Faraha Hamidi, Ikhramah Ismed, Muhammad Nasir
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Humor is a significant element in funny stories. This study aims to analyze the types and functions of humor in selected Nasreddin’s short stories from the book Nasreddin’s Funniest Stories (2011) by Yusup Priyasudiarja and Y. Sri Purwaningsih. By using the descriptive qualitative method, the study adopts textual analysis to examine the materials. Based on the analysis result, the types of humor applied in the stories are that joke, sarcasm, satire, replies to rhetorical question, clever replies, and double entendres. However, these writings lack some other typical types of spontaneous conversational humor used in short stories’ texts: puns and self-deprecation. Meanwhile, unintentional humor is also not found in the Nasreddin short stories because it is raised from the speaker’s misspellings, mispronunciations, errors in logic, and Freudian slips. Further reading shows that the underlying usage of humor in these stories is for social management: to control and mediate readers.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.13191
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Integrated or separated: Voicing Indonesian EFL teachers’ and
           student-teachers’ preferences in teaching grammar

    • Authors: Sibakhul Milad Malik Hidayatulloh, Margana Margana
      First page: 168
      Abstract: This research aimed at exploring the teachers and student-teachers’ views on teaching grammar and their preferences. Indeed, recognizing the teachers and student-teachers’ views on teaching grammar and their preferences become a worthy source in constructing and providing the effective teaching grammar. This research invited twelve participants consisting of six high school teachers and six student-teachers from English department. A descriptive qualitative research design using an in-depth interview was applied to find out their views and preferences. The findings revealed that between teachers and student-teachers had same views on valuing the terms of grammar. However, they opposed each other on viewing the teaching grammar process. In terms of their preferences in teaching grammar, both teachers and student-teachers had same tendencies in which grammar must done by applying integrated teaching grammar approach. By using the findings of this research, some implications for teachers were also stated to develop the integrated grammar teaching process within the classroom setting.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.13393
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Self-efficacy beliefs of English teachers from a non-educational
           background in the Indonesian context

    • Authors: Stella Noviani, Paulus Kuswandono
      First page: 182
      Abstract: This research investigates how English teachers with a non-English educational background demonstrate their self-efficacy beliefs on the technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) toward their professional practices. The data was obtained from 18 teachers from a non-English educational background in formal and informal Indonesian education settings. Those teachers undertook strategies to develop the technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) while managing their self-efficacy beliefs. Employing a mixed-method research approach, this study gathered the data using closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires, individual interviews, and in-depth interviews. Responses revealed that 18 participants completed a 5-item Likert-type survey measuring the level of teachers’ TPACK self-efficacy. The survey measures the three major aspects of TPACK mean value for teachers’ technological knowledge (TK) (X ̅=23.55) and pedagogical knowledge (PK) (X ̅=19.55), both of which are relatively higher than the value of the content knowledge (CK) (X ̅=16). The dominant factor affecting the high percentage in those two aspects emanates from the teachers’ persistent accounts that they need to be independent in learning while constantly updating their knowledge. This research also discusses the suggestion for future research studies for developing teachers’ TPACK self-efficacy.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.12935
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Building moderate attitude and intercultural competence in literature
           classes: Teachers’ experience at higher education institutions

    • Authors: Syafiyah Syafiyah, Agwin Degaf, Irham Irham, Miftahul Huda
      First page: 202
      Abstract: Foreign language teaching is a medium to raise students’ inter-cultural understanding, awareness, and sensitivity important for establishing tolerant mindset in multi-ethnic community. However, the use of literary works in foreign language teaching, for example TESOL, which could elevate intercultural competence since they promote respect and appreciation, is almost unexplored. This paper examined to which extent the values of moderation are presented during the teaching of literature and explicated in the curriculum, as well as the course outline of literary courses in three participating Indonesian Islamic Universities. This case study research collected data through a semi-structured interview with three lecturers English Literature Department, Walian University (pseudonym) administered under Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs and were analysed through critical exploratory lens. The results demonstrate that lecturers face complex issues regarding the incorporation and promotion of moderation values during the teaching of literature. Yet, the curriculum, on the other hand, has not embedded those values but are manifested in the teaching and learning process from the selection of teaching materials or learning activities. The lecturers remain the main actors in uplifting the introduction of moderate attitude during the teaching of literature.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.11979
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Understanding students’ activities in Wi-Fi coffee shops in Aceh: A
           survey and narrative interview report

    • Authors: Zamzami Zainuddin, Muhammad Shujahat
      First page: 217
      Abstract: This study attempts to investigate and comprehend more in-depth information about students' daily lives in the Wi-Fi coffee shops, specifically in Aceh, a province of Indonesia. The study explores how the wireless Internet in coffee shops relates to college students' activities. The surveys of 619 students were conducted as a preliminary report. An in-depth phenomenological interview was employed to collect data from three university students who regularly spent many waking hours in coffee shops. Findings from the preliminary survey revealed that more male students visited coffee shops than women, with an average time of more than three hours daily. Accessing information through the Internet was not the primary purpose of visiting the coffee shops by most students instead of gaming, meeting up with friends for a chat, and enjoying the coffee. Qualitative interviews reported that students often visited coffee shops for various purposes, including completing homework, meetings with friends, and finding freelance online market jobs. Wi-Fi coffee shops are essential for those who do not have Internet access at home, particularly young people and recent transplants with low incomes but high educational capital. Although the Internet in coffee shops can have both negative and positive effects on students, if users or students can access these facilities rightly, they will acquire many benefits to support their education and future career. However, if misused, it may negatively affect their lives. Suppose the Internet in the coffee shop is used properly for educational purposes. In that case, it will push for greener and healthier information practices for students who may favor low-tech environments or lack personal infrastructure or resources.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.22373/ej.v10i1.15167
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
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