Publisher: Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi   (Total: 3 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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J. of Instructional Technologies & Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Narrative and Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Musicologist     Open Access  
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Journal of Narrative and Language Studies
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2148-4066
Published by Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Virus and Visible Reality

    • Authors: Goutam Karmakar, Jaya Sarkar
      Pages: 306 - 323
      Abstract: This paper examines Peter May’s crime novel Lockdown (2020) to explain how a bioengineered virus cripples London and results in a crime, the denouement of which reveals a nefarious, capitalist purpose that is a stark reflection of the world we live in. The plan to use an artificially engineered virus as a bioweapon to profit wreaks havoc in London, resulting in several deaths, fear, panic, civil disorder, a spike in crime, and a string of anarchy throughout the city. By examining Michel Foucault’s concept of biopower and Giorgio Agamben and Slavoj Žižek’s perspectives on the ethics and politics of the virus, the paper aims to demonstrate how a virus transforms London into the centre of a global pandemic, compelling the officials to implement a lockdown. The paper also discusses how Lockdown (2020) can be viewed as a hard-boiled crime narrative due to the urban setting of London, the sensational and violent crime, the true-to-life description of events, and the male protagonist’s visible dominance. Additionally, the paper endeavours to depict how the disabilities of certain characters are inextricably linked to the frozen state of the city under lockdown.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • An Ecocritical Reading of Cynan Jones’s The Long Dry

    • Authors: Özge Özgün, Mehmet Fikret Arargüç
      Pages: 324 - 338
      Abstract: Ecocriticism emerged in the 1900s as an interdisciplinary academic discipline that combines ecology and literature by addressing the causes and consequences of environmental problems. Ecocriticism, which uses literature to shape ecological consciousness, offers a biocentric perspective by considering the concept of humans in a variety of ways. As a result, the formative role that ecocriticism establishes between nature and humans becomes more important. Deep ecology contributes to the development of ecocriticism by examining the relationship between human and non-human nature. Ecofeminism, on the other hand, adds a new perspective to ecocriticism by making investigations related to the relationship between women and nature. In his works dominated by Welsh nature, contemporary Welsh author Cynan Jones deals with the relationships between nature and humans, and nature is presented as a character rather than a background. In doing so, he allows the reader to see the relationship with nature in a broader light. The aim of this study is to examine nature and human relationships in Jones's, a rural-based author, short novel The Long Dry from an ecocritical perspective, as well as to practically address the place of ecocriticism in fiction.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • Cognitive Appraisal and Coping in Poetry

    • Authors: Roghayeh Farsi
      Pages: 339 - 356
      Abstract: Emotion has recently been receiving special attention from cognitive psychologists, developing different methodologies and terms. Although poetry is most commonly associated with and expressive of emotions, few studies have attempted to apply cognitive psychology methods to poetry. Such an adventure has two benefits: the application evinces the pros and cons of the theoretical framework for literary appreciation. The new perspective it provides results into a more systematic and detailed literary interpretation. This paper investigates how appraisal and coping contribute to a fictional character’s cognition and understanding of his/her situation. It argues emotions are performatives and thereby analyzes the selected poems in this light. The selection is based on expressions of positive and negative emotions. The findings of the study show cognitive appraisal and coping have the potential to encompass extratextual factors like readers’ aesthetic appraisal of literary works.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • Reading Paradigms of Digital Narratives: Reception of Hypertext Fictions
           and Its Implications

    • Authors: Ramya Rajakannan, Rukmini S
      Pages: 357 - 380
      Abstract: The digital media probed the transition from page-turners to navigators of web pages through endlessly connected hypertexts, as reading has moved from papyrus to print to digital devices. Hypertext fictions are sui generis, revolutionizing aspects of authorship and readership in the literary arena. Reading hypertext fiction requires subjective responses to the medium’s semiotics and interpretation. This new form of narrative fiction renders less scholarly attention. This paper presents the dynamics of the shift in readership from print to digital media using hypertext fiction. This paper methodically emphasizes neglected issues and merits of this new genre of literature, determining the readers’ response to two digital hypertext fictions: Michael Joyce’s Twelve Blue by and Deena Larsen’s Disappearing Rain. The study was assessed through classroom discussions and questionnaires with 61 students to determine whether the hypertext fictions elevate the passivity of the reading process, the impact of its features on the readers, and whether the medium can establish its implication as a new reading paradigm. This paper implies the significance of exploring hypertext fiction as a detrimental genre in literature.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • The Mechanisms of Intentional Adaptation in the Creation of Anti-Proverbs

    • Authors: Öznur Usta Tuzcu
      Pages: 381 - 396
      Abstract: This article deals with the mechanism of intentional adaptation, which is a modern way of creating Turkish anti-proverbs. Anti-proverbs are created through with the influence of social media, popular lines/cues from TV series or popular life situations, and they are not casually selected. Moreover, there exist some semantic or phonetic connections between the chosen words and the traditional proverbs including the creators' perception of life, either way, anti-proverbs are created in a stylistic way, which does not meet any stylistic device in Turkish literature. This present work describes these types of applications through the term of 'Intentional Adaptation.' It is 'Intentional' because there is an intent on the part of the users to deliberately select fashionable, well-known lines or words related to popular culture. Plus, 'adaptation' derived from the users' adapting the terminology or English words into Turkish sentences or structures with Turkish suffixes. As a result, traditional well-known Turkish proverbs result in the modern anti-proverb following the adaptation. Therefore, this study shows that the English language and popular life conditions are factors that have a tremendous effect on the manner of thinking and communicating of individuals.      
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • Teaching Writing to Non-Native English Majors

    • Authors: Kyriaki Asiatidou
      Pages: 397 - 411
      Abstract: One’s mastery of speech conventions is considered an essential qualification for an educated individual, especially a scholar of English. Teaching writing to non-native English majors, writing instructors feel the burden to adopt the Current-traditional pedagogy. It is a process that stresses students’ internalization of speech conventions and treats students as passive recipients. Current-traditional pedagogy is inadequate to foster future scholars. This article offers a plan for teaching freshman writing inspired by the ideas and values of Protagoras and Isocrates and identified as New Sophistic pedagogy. Good speech/logos lies on good reasoning defined by one’s knowing himself/herself and one’s sociopolitical awareness. Thus, the proposed pedagogy focuses on students’ intellectual and emotional maturity. The writing instructor understands his/her moral responsibility to guide his/her students, and the students realize their leading role in the learning process. It consists of three cycles of deliberative discourse: Monologic argument, Mediation, and Negotiation. Through the different argumentation types, students understand that speech/logos mirrors one’s mind, his/her true essence. Progressively, students prepare themselves as true scholars by cultivating personal and social identity and feeling empathy for the other.    
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • A Learner Corpus Investigation of Formulaic Sequence Development in EFL
           Learners with a Focus on Native and Non-Native Corpora

    • Authors: Ali Şükrü Özbay, Hanife Öztürk
      Pages: 412 - 437
      Abstract: In recent years, the advent of computer technology and software tools have made it available for more complicated and fully operational facilities for corpus linguistics. Thanks to these developments, the compilation of large collections of naturally occurring texts was made more accurately. In line with these developments, the current study aimed to investigate the usage patterns of three- to four-word sequences in a learner corpus composed of two semesters written data from 85 English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. The data was analysed by examining collective trends in terms of usage patterns of formulaic sequences across different time intervals. In the collection of data, the frequency approach was used and the most frequent three- and four-word recurrent formulas were extracted from each sub-corpus of the learner corpora in two groups and these sequences were classified structurally and functionally. Then, the use of these sequences was compared across native (LOCNESS) and non-native data by using the Sketch Engine corpus tool. The findings suggested that although formulaic sequences were used frequently in both learner groups, the frequency and type of these formulaic sequences were less diverse, and the number of formulaic sequences was limited when compared with the native data.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • Cultural Elements in the Turkish Translations of Hemingway’s Short

    • Authors: Florentina Gümüş, Hakan Gültekin
      Pages: 438 - 446
      Abstract: This paper investigates two Turkish translations of fifteen short stories written by Ernest Hemingway. The first belongs to Yaşar Anday and it was published in 1972, and the second is a very recent translation, from 2017 by Elif Derviş. Derviş’s translation is the only Turkish translation that includes all Hemingway’s short stories. There are a number of challenges arising when the source language and the target language do not share the same or a similar cultural background. One of them is transferring the culture-specific elements. Eirlys E. Davies draws on Javier Franco Aixelá’s translation strategies for this type of items and creates a more flexible categorization. The strategies she proposes are: preservation, addition, omission, globalization, localization, transformation and creation. The significant time span between the two translations and their different cultural and social background resulted in quite different texts; nevertheless, they both preserve the foreign flavour of the original and the Turkish readers are well-aware that what they are reading is a translation. Keywords: Translation, Culture, Hemingway, Turkish
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • Online Dictionary Use Preferences and Lexical Semantics Issues
           Encountering Saudi EFL Learners in Arabic–English Translation

    • Authors: Sayed M. Ismail, Fahd Shehail Alalwi
      Pages: 447 - 460
      Abstract: Lexical ambiguities and pragmatic issues represent major concerns for Saudi EFL learners’ dictionary use preferences. These concerns have been often reflected when students are requested to translate texts embedded with polysemous, homonymous, and pejorative lexical items, which are extensively used in Arabic texts. Therefore, the present study aims to examine the lexical and pragmatic issues impeding Saudi EFL learners from the better use of dictionaries especially when translating texts from Arabic to English. The present study uses the contextual variability of meaning of Cruse (2000) as its approach assuming that the meaning of a particular word can vary from context to context. A number of 39 Saudi EFL learners in Saudi University were asked to translate some short Arabic passages from Arabic to English, which include several lexical and pragmatic issues like polysemy, semantic change, dialectal issues, pejorative and ameliorative meanings, tonal register and social registers and so on. The study reveals that Saudi EFL learners demonstrate preferences for literal equivalence over dynamic and free equivalent. In addition, they are often unaware of lexical and pragmatic issues relating to the meaning that may hinder the correct application of dictionary information. This study recommends that EFL learners have to be informed about the dictionary use behavior while studying translation courses.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
  • Narrate or Forget: Information Retrieval from Autobiographical Memory

    • Authors: Larysa Zasiekina, Olena Savchenko
      Pages: 461 - 475
      Abstract: The study aims to examine constructing meaning in self-narrative in the context of information retrieval from autobiographical memory. The study applies seven dimensions of constructing meaning in self-narratives, in particular, completeness of the socio-cultural context description, the text cohesion and coherence, the detailed event description, narrator’s communicative intentions, completeness of characters` description, representation of personal traits in the characters` descriptions, narrator’s purpose and position in the problem-conflict situation. After obtaining consent forms, we instructed the participants (91 students) to reflect on a problem-conflict situation from their everyday lives. Two experts unfamiliar with the study’s objectives coded the transcripts of participants’ conflict-based life stories interviews and defined 34 structural components, associated with autobiographical memory activation. The principal component analysis with rotation results in 11 generalized factors indicating autobiographical memory activation. A positive correlation shows that the autobiographical memory activation is associated with some dimensions of constructing meaning in self-narratives. They are disclosure of characters’ traits, autobiographical reasoning, contradictory statements, fragmentation and disorganization in trauma description, interaction patterns, causal interpretation of events. These results add to the rapidly expanding field of narrative therapy, especially the healing effect of trauma-focused narrative and integrating the traumatic experience into autobiographical memory.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 18 (2021)
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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