Publisher: Finnish Oriental Society   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Studia Orientalia Electronica     Open Access  
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Studia Orientalia Electronica
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2323-5209
Published by Finnish Oriental Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Which Arabic Dialect Are Swahili Words From'

    • Authors: Zev Brook
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: This article investigates the Arabic component of the Standard Swahili lexicon, aiming to identify the Omani Arabic dialect which comprises the dominant donor of loanwords to Swahili. I isolate words from this “donor dialect” from other Arabic dialects that have influenced Swahili, and compare this lexical archive with data on the dialectology of Omani Arabic phonology and verbal morphology. I find that, contrary to widespread assumptions, documented Arabic from Oman’s mountainous interior, the source region of Omani settlers, has significant differences from the donor dialect. This holds true for fieldwork done in the nineteenth century and in the twenty-first. I characterize the donor dialect to the fullest extent possible, given the Swahili data, and find that it is closest to modern Zanzibari Arabic, which may be its descendant. I proceed to review how a better understanding of the donor dialect can clear up errors made in the literature of Swahili history and historical linguistics, and finally provide etymologies for twenty-two Swahili words that are likely borrowings from Omani Arabic but frequently attributed to other sources, due to being borrowings within Omani Arabic itself.
      PubDate: 2022-12-31
      DOI: 10.23993/store.101917
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Mesopotamian and Indian Bird Omens

    • Authors: Kenneth Zysk
      Pages: 11 - 25
      Abstract: This paper explores the relationship between bird omens that occur in both the Sanskrit Gārgīyajyotiṣa Aṅga 42 and the Akkadian Šumma Ālu and related Cuneiform tablets. After an overview of the Sanskrit omens and their source, the study proceeds to compare the Indian and Mesopotamian bird omens with special reference to the omens of the crow in order to show that the series of Akkadian omens and Sanskrit omen verses share a common conceptual paradigm. A list of the different omen birds and animals mentioned in the Gārgīyajyotiṣa occurs in an appendix.
      PubDate: 2022-12-04
      DOI: 10.23993/store.113417
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Grammar of Ornamentation: An Egyptian Predynastic Decorative Continuum

    • Authors: Tatjana Beuthe
      Pages: 26 - 59
      Abstract: Tags made of mudstone are predominantly found in ancient Egyptian Predynastic cemetery contexts. This study examines the symbolism and significance of mudstone tags with the recurved horns of hartebeests and crescent-shaped mudstone tags. The use of syncretic imagery on these tags provides evidence for the fluidity of artistic perceptions in Predynastic Egypt. Available data suggests that individuals buried with mudstone hartebeest and crescent tags were almost exclusively female. Evidence for use wear and the find locations of the tags in burials indicates these artefacts were likely associated with rituals performed by female individuals.
      PubDate: 2022-12-04
      DOI: 10.23993/store.97009
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Review of Christian Mauder: In the Sultan’s Salon. Learning, Religion,
           and Rulership at the Mamluk Court of Qāniṣawh al-Ghawrī (r.

    • Authors: Sabira Ståhlberg
      Pages: 60 - 61
      Abstract: Review of Christian Mauder: In the Sultan’s Salon. Learning, Religion, and Rulership at the Mamluk Court of Qāniṣawh al-Ghawrī (r. 1501–1516). (Islamic History and Civilization. Studies and texts volume 169/1). Leiden: Brill 2021. 2 volumes.
      ISSN 0929-2403; ISBN 978-90-04-43576-6 (hardback, set); ISBN 978-90-04-47100-9 (hardback, vol. 1); ISBN 978-90-04-47101-6 (hardback, vol. 2); ISBN 978-90-04-44421-8 (e-book).
      PubDate: 2022-12-04
      DOI: 10.23993/store.119780
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Establishing Gender Categories and Hierarchies: The Evolution of Rabbinic
           Discourse on the Creation of Woman

    • Authors: Katja von Schöneman
      Pages: 62 - 82
      Abstract: This article examines the evolution of rabbinic interpretative discourse on the creation of woman, as depicted in the Hebrew Bible, addressing well-known rabbinic writings from the fifth to the tenth centuries. My feminist and genealogical discourse-analytic exploration illustrates the accumulation of gender-biased elements and the concomitant strengthening of an obvious, all-encompassing patriarchal ethos along this hermeneutical trajectory. I argue that the diachronic development of the rabbinic discourse on the creation of woman took place in three consecutive discursive stages representing self-dependent characteristics. The tradition corpus was first established in Genesis Rabbah and Leviticus Rabbah, then reinforced in the Babylonian Talmud, and finally it became embroidered with versatile elaborations, as demonstrated in passages from Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, Avot de-Rabbi Nathan, Pirqe de-Rabbi Eliezer, and Alphabet of Ben Sira.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.23993/store.109392
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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