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Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2454-7352
Published by Science-res Publishing Homepage  [5 journals]
  • A Socio-ecological Study of Population, Migration, Urbanization, and
           Socio-Climate Variation in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India

    • Authors: Kousik Das Malakar, Gloria Kuzur, Dipak Kumar Maity, Mahendra Yadav, Supriya Roy
      Pages: 1 - 33
      Abstract: A socio-ecological system is a bio-geo-physical system that is inextricably linked to society and ecosystems, and in urban ecological science, a balance between the natural environment and human society and culture is sought. Migration is a common reason for population growth in urban areas because it gives people access to a better way to live and make money. Hypothetical ideas can be made about the ecological background of urban areas. For example, the growth of the population in rural or semi-rural areas creates pressure or flow of migrants to urban areas for various reasons. This helps the process of urbanisation, and urbanisation will affect the socio-ecological and socio-climate variation. Based on this background, this study explored the socio-ecological links between population growth, migration, urbanisation, and socio-climatic variation in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The data for this study were gathered from secondary sources such as the Census of India, the Planning Department, the State Portal, the Integrated Government Online Directory, and a few selected scientific reports. Some social sciences statistical techniques, general cartographic and GIS mapping techniques were used, and data were quantitatively and qualitatively measured. Key findings demonstrating the links and relationships between population growth, migration, and urbanisation at the district level in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The district's main city area also serves as a draw factor for migrants due to job opportunities and other amenities. Migration profile depicting the internal movement scenario of the study area, as well as the links to urban growth and expansion. The second set of findings discussed the socio-ecological implications of urbanisation and socio-climate variation in the study area. It is possible to conclude that the benefits of various opportunities, facilities, job scope, and income draw people away from rural areas and into cities. Finally, urbanisation causes socio-ecological variation, which can have both positive and negative consequences. This study uncovered some socio-environmental issues and made recommendations for mitigating urban socio-ecological problems and correcting haphazard urbanisation.
      PubDate: 2022-12-22
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2022/v26i12646
  • Diacetyl - A Critical Safety Review of the Science Defining the
           Environmental Inhalation Hazards Association with Chronic Lung Disease

    • Authors: Franklin L. Mink
      Pages: 34 - 60
      Abstract: In the last two decades scrutiny of several retrospective occupational studies on performed by NIOSH in the early 2000’s on ambient indoor air exposures to the flavoring chemical diacetyl and more complex butter flavoring formulations has led to a reported association between diacetyl and severe irreversible lung disease, primarily bronchiolitis obliterans. A group of laboratory rodent studies, performed primarily by associated researchers, followed in the next two decades with the intent to determine a plausible physiological mechanism for bronchiole scarring applicable to the human respiratory tract. Recently, a renewed interest in diacetyl as a flavoring constituent of vaping liquids and marijuana and inhalation exposures has emerged. This paper reviews the universe of published literature to date in relation to whether diacetyl or butter flavors containing diacetyl causes occupational or environmental lung disease, more specifically BO (i.e., general causation) and whether specific levels of inhaled diacetyl or butter flavors containing diacetyl are associated with chronic lung disease. The review included numerous journal articles, government reports, etc. Based upon the evidence, while the literature reflects a statistical association between both diacetyl and butter flavoring diacetyl mixtures and lung disease, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that general causation between exposure to diacetyl concentrations measured in the ambient air environments studied to date and chronic lung disease does not exist.
      PubDate: 2022-12-28
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2022/v26i12650
  • Assessment of the Factors Affecting Open Defecation among Slum Dwellers in
           Lokoja, Kogi State Nigeria

    • Authors: L. D. Abalaka, A. E. Tokula
      Pages: 61 - 72
      Abstract: In many of Africa's emerging nations, open defecation continues to pose a serious threat to public health and the environment. 946 million people worldwide still use open defecation, and there are around 2.4 billion people without access to better sanitation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the variables that affect open defecation among slum residents in Lokoja Metropolis. The investigation was conducted using a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Lokoja was purposefully chosen because to its metropolitan setting, abundance of slum areas, and inadequate coverage of both family and public latrines. In order to choose the five communities in the slum for the study, simple random sampling was performed. To supplement the home survey, 281 household heads filled out a standardized questionnaire with quantitative information, and in-depth interviews were used to gather qualitative information. Prior to data analysis, all the filled-out questionnaires were cleaned. They were then coded, entered into SPSS, and checked for completeness. Inferential statistics was used to measure the relationship between the dependent and independent variables, and thematic analysis was carried out for the qualitative portion of the study. Descriptive findings were presented as numerical summaries and tables, while inferential statistics was used to measure the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. Majority of the slum dwellers either shared latrines among the households (29.7%) or used public latrines (49.8%). At (mean difference= -0.168, p=0.005), there was a significant correlation between knowledge of open defecation and the practice of it. The study found that households without latrine facilities had greater rates of open defecation. The majority of the residents' households either shared restrooms with other homes or used public restrooms. To prevent open defecation, greater government and landlord initiatives are needed to increase toilet ownership and use at homes, as well as to build more public latrines in the study area.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2022/v26i12651
  • Clean Water Demand Estimation and Forecasting in Palopo City South
           Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    • Authors: Sattar Yunus, Ramdiana Muis, Nani Anggraini, Zaid Zainal, Anugrah Yasin, . Zulkifli
      Pages: 73 - 80
      Abstract: Life is not possible without water, so we need to supply enough water to sustain well in life. Insufficiency of clean water is a major problem for urban communities today. For this reason, it is necessary to estimate the required amount of water. Thisissue will be slowly reduced by planning clean water supply in cities. This study was conducted as a case study in Palopo City, South Sulawesi. The population data is used as a reference when calculating domestic water requirements. The main objective of this study is to measure the clean water needs of community in Palopo City over a forecast period of up to 20 years. As a result of this study, the city of Palopo's water demand in 2027 is 29,510.37 m3/person/day for domestic use and 10,773.95 m3 for non-domestic use including water loss due hydrants and leaks. 31,685.72 m3/person/day for households in 2032, 13,493.76 m3/person/day for ordinary households, 33,744.08 m3/person/day for ordinary households in 2037, 13,884.27 m3/person/day for ordinary households, 35,741.65 m3/person/day for households and 14,183.00 m3/person/day for non-households. The city of Palopo's water production from multiple sources is 65,664.00 m3/day. At the end, it can be concluded that water needs in Palopo City will be quantitatively met by 2042.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2022/v26i12652
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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