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J. of Ancient History and Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
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Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology
Number of Followers: 23  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2360-266X
Published by Mega Publishing House Homepage  [1 journal]
  • ON THE DATE OF THE OLBIAN CALENDAR GRAFFITO SEG 30: 977

    • Authors: Sofia Andreeva
      Abstract: The inscription SEG 30: 977, known as the calendar graffito, is one of the most interesting documents from Olbia and attracts scholarly attention for more than forty years. It contains a dedication to the god Apollo with several epicleseis, and a list of the twelve months, identical to the calendar of the Olbian metropolis Miletos, but for the spelling of several months’ names. The list of Apollo’s epicleseis, as well as such a list of the months, are unique in Greek epigraphy. Calendar inscriptions are common since the 4th century BCE, but the Olbian inscription is traditionally dated to the second quarter of the 5th century BCE, and therefore considered as the earliest calendar inscription in the Greek world. This date is however incorrect and should be moved to the beginning of the 4th century, on the basis of the script and spelling of the graffito, as well as the form of vessel.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.675
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • 'I HAD A DREAM...' - THE DEDICATION OF AN EQUES OF THE ALA I
           DARDANORUM IN THE SURROUNDINGS OF TROESMIS AND THE PROBLEM OF RURAL
           SETTLEMENTS IN NORTHERN MOESIA INFERIOR

    • Authors: Cristina Georgeta Alexandrescu
      Abstract: Within the framework of multidisciplinary investigations, under the ongoing Troesmis-project the basic topographic features of the Roman, Late Roman and Byzantine settlement of Troesmis (Turcoaia, Tulcea County, RO) were clarified. The decisive result was the localisation of the approximately 16 ha legionary camp and the approximately 30-35 ha civilian settlement around it. It was possible not only to postulate the boundaries of the ancient settlement, but also to register for the first time numerous new sites in the surroundings. The central settlement of Troesmis is embedded in a dense network of roads and rural settlement sites of different types. Additionally, for older accidental finds of stone monuments (inscriptions, sculpture etc.) it was possible to recover, at least at hypothetical level, the initial context of display and to correlate the archaeological data with the epigraphical evidence. This paper presents the case of the votive altar ISM V 218, dedicated, following a dream, to the divine power of Liber Pater by M. Antistius Caecina, eques of ala I Dardanorum Antoniniana. Its provenance also provides the opportunity for short comments on the Roman rural estates and settlements in the Northern Moesia Inferior.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.689
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • EPIGRAPHIC AND PROSOPOGRAPHICAL NOTES ON Q, MARCIUS QUADRATUS FROM IBIDA

    • Authors: Lucrețiu Mihailesu-Bîrliba
      Abstract: The author discuss the origin of Q. Marcius Quadratus, whose epitaph was found in Ibida (Moesia inferior). The debate was about a Libyan or a Liburnian origin of Quadratus. Taking into account the occurrences of Marcii in both Dalmatia and Africa, as well the historical content, the author proves that the restitution Libycus is more plausible, identifying the person with a veteran.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.673
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • ROMANS 1 BY 1. AUGUSTA TRAIANA ET TERRITORIUM

    • Authors: Annamária Izabella Pázsint
      Abstract: The author presents the results of a research on the population of Augusta Traiana. More precisely, it continues the larger collective project Romans 1 by 1, by collecting and interpreting the data for the above-mentioned Roman city. As such, the paper will focus on the epigraphically attested quantitative data on the population of Augusta Traiana, and on the qualitative data, covering the period between the first epigraphic attestations and up to the 3rd century AD. The work includes a prosopographical catalogue with the epigraphically attested population.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.684
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • THE NATURE OF ROMAN DOMINION OVER THE PROVINCE OF DACIA NOTES ON THE
           ROMANIZATION PHENOMENON AND ITS LIMITS

    • Authors: Rada Varga
      Abstract: The current paper presents the main lines of an investigation into the Romanization/Latinization of Dacia. The issues are mainly addressed from a social history point of view. What we have tried to find out is if talking about assimilation, acculturation and integration in the case of Dacia is really in accordance with what the realities of the province show us. These ‘realities’ that we took into consideration are the reflection of society in epigraphy/epigraphic habits, with the occasional references to literary and archaeological sources. The following pages will raise many questions – and not all of them can be answered at the present time. Nonetheless, we hope they will enlarge perspectives and form a solid base for future, deeper investigations on the topic.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.670
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • DIVVS AVGVSTVS AND THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORICO-PANNONIANS IN DACIA. COINS
           FROM OCNA SIBIULUI - FAȚA VACILOR / LA FĂGĂDĂU SITE

    • Authors: Silviu Istrate Purece
      Abstract: The salt deposits from Ocna Sibiului contributed to the birth of some Roman settlements in this area. One of these, is the settlement from Ocna Sibiului-Fața Vacilor/La Făgădău, which belonged to the Norico-Pannonian settlers. In 2018 a wooden house was partially investigated during the excavations made in the section S 22, its research being finished in 2019 when a new section, S 24, was opened in the area. In S 24, on the house ground, a coin issued by Tiberius for Divus Augustus was found. In Dacia the majority of such coins are related with the first level of inhabitation, especially with Trajan’s reign. This archaeological find is a clue which may suggest that the beginning of this settlement and the arriving of the Norico-Pannonians here have to be placed in the time of Emperor Trajan.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.669
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • NEW TECHNOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL DATA ON THE PROCESS OF TRANSITION FROM
           THE EARLY NEOLITHIC TO THE DEVELOPED IN THE MUREȘ VALLEY

    • Authors: Marius Mihai Ciuta, Anamaria Tudorie
      Abstract: The archaeological rescue excavations occasioned by the construction of the Lot no. 1 of the Highway no. 10, Sebeș-Turda, highlighted new data about the spatial distribution of the Neolithic settlements from Limba-Oarda de Jos (Alba county), which evolved on the high terrace of the Mureș River, as well as housing structures, containing ceramic materials whose technological and statistical analysis provided new information on the complex processes specific to the final phases of the Early Neolithic and the transition to the Developed Neolithic. The study below is also in this direction which addresses the analysis of the ceramic material offered by feature Cpx. 584 (most probably a pit-house), investigated in March 2017, in Zone 3 sector B3.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.687
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • AN AUCISSA DERIVATIVE FIBULA IN THE MIDDLE ROMAN PERIOD CEMETERIES IN
           ALBANIA: MILITARIA OR CIVILIAN TRENDS'

    • Authors: Sabina Veseli
      Abstract: This paper will take in consideration, a certain type of fibula a derivative of Aucissa. The Aucissa fibulae were very much in fashion during the I century BC-I century AD, but its variants continued to be in use in the forthcoming centuries, such as the typology in question, which represents the development of the Aucissa type in the II-III centuries AD.This type has a limited number and distribution in Albania, presenting very close affiliation with counterparts in the Balkans, found mostly in military contexts. Most likely it represents an eastern Roman production, which attests regional patterns in the II-III centuries AD.This typology can be correlated to the military sphere, as can be noticed from the associated material in the funerary contexts, demonstrating though for the militarization of the population or the presence of the roman units in the territory of Southern Illyria. 
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.680
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • KITCHEN POTS OF THE 8TH-9TH CENTURIES IN THE PONTIC REGION AS AN ETHNIC
           MARKER (CONTINUATION OF THE DISCUSSION)

    • Authors: Evgeny Sukhanov
      Abstract: Kitchen pots are one of the most popular categories of ceramics on archaeological sites of the 8th-9th centuries in the Black Sea region. They are typical for the Saltovo-Mayaki archaeological culture. There is a point of view that such pots can be an ethnic marker of Bulgar and Khazar tribes. The article considers this hypothesis based on a detailed morphological analysis of the shapes of kitchen pots found in different sites and different areas of the Pontic region.The methodological basis of the research is the historical-and-cultural approach. This is a scientific direction developed by the famous Russian ceramic researcher A.A. Bobrinsky. The sources of the study were 525 vessels found on sites of various types in the Don basin: catacomb burial grounds, pit burial grounds, cremation burial grounds, as well as settlements associated with burial grounds of various types.The article highlights two traditions of creating pot shapes. These traditions are distinguishable at all levels of analysis used. Each of these traditions must be represented on the sites with different funeral rites. This leads to the conclusion that there is no clear connection between the different traditions of creating pots and different ethnic groups of the 8th-9th centuries. It can be explained by two reasons: craft production of the kitchen pots and the distribution of these pots among the multi-ethnic population through market mechanisms.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.662
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • RUSSIAN AND SOVIET RECEPTION OF CICERO’S VIEWS ON THE IDEAL CITIZEN,
           RULER, AND STATE IN THE 19-21st centuries

    • Authors: Arina Bragova
      Abstract: The articles deals with the analysis of Russian and Soviet works related to Cicero’s views on the ideal citizen, ruler, and state. There are several contradictory trends in the Russian and Soviet historiography on the topic mentioned above. The first one is about Cicero’s conservatism in ethical and political questions (Grabar’-Passek and Utchenko considered Cicero conservative). A bigger number of scholars, on the contrary, wrote about Cicero’s definite innovation (Derevnin, Kamalutdinov, Temnov, and Bragova). The approach to the essence of Cicero’s concept of the best ruler is also twofold: Vipper and Marchenko attach a monarchical essence to it, while the majority of the scholars (Vekhov, Protasova, Mashkin, Utchenko, Zimin, Motus, Derevnin, Kamalutdinov, Temnov, and Bragova) point to its non-monarchical nature. Zvirevich and Derzhavitsky wrote about the humanism of Cicero’s image of the ideal citizen. Some researchers (Zelinsky, Knabe, Motus, Chernyshov, and Bragova) believe that Cicero’s perfect state was a utopia in the time of transition from the republic to the principate, while Temnov is convinced of its realism.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.683
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • ReviewȘ MARLIS ARNHOLD, TRANSFORMATIONEN STADTRÖMI¬SCHER HEILIGTÜMER
           WÄHREND DER SPÄTEN REPUBLIK UND KAISERZEIT,

    • Authors: Szabo CSABA
      Abstract: Marlis Arnhold, Transformationen stadtrömischer Heiligtümer während der späten Republik und Kaiserzeit, Contextualizing the Sacred Series 10, Brepols, Turnhout, Belgium, 2020, 382.pp. ISBN:978-2-503-58835-3
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.679
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • ENGLISH TRANSLATION: “A SAFE CROSSING: RESEARCH ON A FIND OF COINS FROM
           THE ROMAN PERIOD IN THE VALLEY OF THE AA NEAR TO BERLICUM (IN THE
           MUNICIPALITY OF MICHIELSGESTEL)”.

    • Authors: Pim Möhring
      Abstract: Groot, T. de & J.W. de Kort, Veilig naar de overkant. Onderzoek naar een muntvondst uit de Romeinse tijd in het dal van de Aa bij Berlicum (gemeente Sint-Michielsgestel), Rapportage Archeologische Monumentenzorg no. 267, Cultural Heritage Agency, Amersfoort, 2021, 160 p., ISBN EAN: 978-90-76046-69-3. 
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.686
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • MILESTONES FROM CAPIDAVA AND THE TERRITORIUM CAPIDAVENSE. AURELIAN’S WAR
           AGAINST THE CARPI INTER CARSIUM ET SUCIDAVAM IN A NEW LIGHT

    • Authors: Ioan Carol OPRIȘ
      Abstract: The article is focused on the 2nd to 4th century milestones recorded by archaeological excavations at Capidava and within a range not exceeding 15 miles, as the crow flies. Our inquiry pinpointed several finds from Dorobanțu, Seimenii Mari, Capidava and the nearby Topalu (10 pillars), set up on the occasion of the road construction works under emperors Hadrian ('), Antoninus Pius and Septimius Severus, Aurelian, by the Tetrachs and, finally, during Constantine. One should highlight the find cluster of Aurelian’s milliaria in the area Topalu – Capidava (3 out of 10 referred supra, comparable in Moesia Inferior only to the situation from around Sexaginta Prista). Considering that unusual clustering, as well as all archaeological pieces of evidence we have for now on the begining of the general reconstruction of the castellum at Capidava under Aurelian and Probus, at the end of the bellum Scythicum, one might rightly infer a local major event. To such an interpretation, a well-known building inscription (Bauinschrift, CIL III 12456 = ISM IV 88) from Durostorum honored Aurelian for bringing the city back to its former splendour (in pristinam splendorem restituta). The inscription was equally and prominently set into one wall to the memory of the war against the Carpi, somewhere inter Carsium et Sucidavam. But what if Capidava and the area around it had actually to do with those fierce battles'
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.694
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • A STREET WITH A VIEW OVER THE CENTURIES. THE CERAMIC MATERIAL FROM THE
           STREET A IN FRONT OF THE CRYPT BASILICA AT HISTRIA (I)

    • Authors: Alina STREINU, Irina ACHIM
      Abstract: This paper discusses the ceramic assmblage discovered during the 2007 and 2018 campaigns in the on the route of street A, north of the Crypt Basilica, one of the few urban arteries revealed from the road network of late Roman Histria. The analyzed ceramic inventory, which is in a very advanced state of fragmentation, covers the period of the 1st – 6th centuries AD and includes almost all ceramic categories: transport, storage, table ware and cooking vessels. The statistical analysis shows the dominance of table wares, followed by transport vessels and cooking wares. In the case of the latter, this category includes both wheel or the handmade fragments. Each category is analyzed based on morphological and functional criteria, and the discussion extends to the issue of production centers. Considering the rich ceramic variety, especially the transport vessels and fine pottery, shows the commercial connections of Histria with large manufacturing centers, especially in the Aegean, Pontic and Micro-Asian, both during the early Roman period and in the Late Antiquity. During the 2nd and 3rd centuries the transport vessels arrived carrying wine and oil mainly from south Pontic and Aegean centers, while and the finer pottery has a Pontic and local origin, with few imports. By contrast, during Late Antiquity, Aegean amphorae dominate as the main imports in this category, represented especially by the well known types LRA 1 and LRA 2, in close connection with the annona militaris. There are still Pontic containers, such as the Kuzmanov XVI type of amphorae and a single Levantine
      amphora. Starting from the chronological and typological distribution of the ceramic material, the paper aims to answer questions related to the economic relations of History in the Roman era, the issues regarding a local and regional production and the changes that can be observed in the transition from the Principality to the Late Antiquity.
      PubDate: 2021-12-19
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.695
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • MAPS OF ROMAN DACIA. II. VICTORIA VASCHIDE AND THE CARTOGRAPHIC
           REPRESENTATION OF DACIA IN 1903

    • Authors: Florin-Gheorghe FODOREAN
      Abstract: We are continuing our series of studies regarding the representation of Dacia in medieval and modern cartography with a discussion related to another map, printed in a book written by Victoria Vaschide, entitled Histoire de la conquéte romaine de la Dacie et des corps d’armée qui y ont pris part, Paris, Librairie Emile Bouillon, 1903. This is a book which contains a detail analysis of different aspects regarding the conquest of Roman Dacia, including the construction of roads, the organization of the frontier, and the military troops which have participated to the conquest. At the end of the volume, the reader finds a map of Roman Dacia, drawn by the author, entitled “Carte militaire de la Dacie dressée par Victoria Vaschide”. We are presenting here some data regarding the topography of Dacia illustrated by this map published in 1903.
      PubDate: 2021-12-18
      DOI: 10.14795/j.v8i4.696
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2021)
       
 
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