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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3163 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3163 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.655, CiteScore: 2)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.015, CiteScore: 2)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 88, SJR: 1.462, CiteScore: 3)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 2)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.771, CiteScore: 3)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 398, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 7)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242, SJR: 3.263, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.793, CiteScore: 6)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.331, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access  
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.344, CiteScore: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.671, CiteScore: 5)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 4)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.29, CiteScore: 3)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.611, CiteScore: 8)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Cement Based Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.732, CiteScore: 3)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136, SJR: 4.09, CiteScore: 13)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.167, CiteScore: 4)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.384, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.992, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.089, CiteScore: 5)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.61, CiteScore: 7)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 3.043, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.453, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.992, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.713, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.316, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.562, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.977, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.524, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 5.39, CiteScore: 8)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.354, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 12.74, CiteScore: 13)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.193, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37, SJR: 4.433, CiteScore: 6)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.938, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.682, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.88, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.027, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.158, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.875, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.536, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 385, SJR: 0.569, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.208, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.262, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.551, CiteScore: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 3)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338, SJR: 0.796, CiteScore: 3)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 2)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.671, CiteScore: 9)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 437, SJR: 1.238, CiteScore: 3)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.156, CiteScore: 4)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.272, CiteScore: 3)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.747, CiteScore: 4)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 3)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 0)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 3)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 3)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.142, CiteScore: 4)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.148, CiteScore: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 3.521, CiteScore: 6)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 4.66, CiteScore: 10)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.796, CiteScore: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.108, CiteScore: 3)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.267, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.93, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.524, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.45, CiteScore: 8)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.062, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.973, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.967, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 200, SJR: 2.7, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 3.184, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.289, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.139, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.164, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 1)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.144, CiteScore: 3)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 4.849, CiteScore: 10)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 5)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176, SJR: 0.633, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)

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Journal Cover
Acta Histochemica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.661
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0065-1281
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3163 journals]
  • Changes in mucins and matrix metalloproteases in the endometrium of early
           pregnant alpacas (Vicugna pacos)
    • Authors: Daniela E. Barraza; Renato Zampini; Silvana A. Apichela; Joel I. Pacheco; Martin E. Argañaraz
      Pages: 438 - 445
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5
      Author(s): Daniela E. Barraza, Renato Zampini, Silvana A. Apichela, Joel I. Pacheco, Martin E. Argañaraz
      South American Camelids (SAC) have unique reproductive features, one of which is that 98% of the pregnancies develop in the left uterine horn. Furthermore, early pregnancy is an uncharacterized process in these species, especially in regard to the ultrastructural, biochemical and genetic changes that the uterine epithelial surface undergoes to allow embryo implantation. The present study describes the uterine horn luminal surface and the characteristics of the mucinous glycocalyx in non-pregnant and early pregnant (15 days) female alpacas. In addition, the relative abundance of Mucin 1 and 16 genes (MUC1 and MUC16) was determined, as well as the relative mRNA abundance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that could be involved in MUC shedding during early pregnancy. Noticeable changes were detected in the uterine luminal epithelium and glycocalyx of pregnant alpacas in comparison to non-pregnant ones, as well as presence of MUCs and MMPs in the endometrial environment. The decrease in glycocalyx staining and in the relative abundance of MUC 1 and MUC 16 transcripts in pregnant females would allow embryo attachment to the luminal epithelium and its subsequent implantation, as has been described in other mammals. These results suggest a crucial role of MUC1 and MUC16 and a possible role of MMPs in successful embryo implantation and survival in alpacas.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:43:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.009
  • Anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical study of testicular
           development in Columba livia (Aves: Columbiformes)
    • Authors: G.B. Olea; M.V. Aguirre; D.M. Lombardo
      Pages: 446 - 455
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 5
      Author(s): G.B. Olea, M.V. Aguirre, D.M. Lombardo
      In this work, testicular ontogeny is analyzed at the anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical levels; the latter through the detection of GnRHR and PCNA in the testicles of embryos, neonates and juveniles of Columba livia. We analyzed 150 embryos, 25 neonates and 5 juveniles by means of observations under a stereoscopic magnifying glass and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The histological analysis was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining techniques and the PAS reaction. For the immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of GnRHR and PCNA in embryos corresponding to stages 41, 43 and in neonates of 2, 5, 7 and 75 days post-hatch was revealed in testicular histological preparations. That gonadal outline is evident in stage 18. In stage 29, the testes are constituted of a medulla in which the PGCs are surrounded by the Sertoli cells, constituting the seminiferous tubules. From stage 37 a greater organization of the tubules is visualized and at the time of hatching the testicle is constituted of the closed seminiferous tubules, formed of the PGCs and Sertoli cells. The Leydig cells are evident outside the tubules. In the juvenile stages, the differentiation of germline cells and the organization of small vessels that irrigate the developing testicle begin to be visible. In the analyzed stages, the immunodetection of the GnRHR receptor and PCNA revealed specific marking in the plasma membrane and in the perinuclear zone for GnRHR and in the nucleus of the germline cells in juvenile testicles for PCNA. These results can be used as a basis for further study of endocrine regulation events during testicular ontogeny in avian species.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:43:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.010
  • Immunohistochemical expression of apoptosis-related biomarkers in normal
           tissues of camel (Camelus dromedarius): A survey in a desert-dwelling
           mammalian model
    • Authors: Abdel-Hamid K. Osman; Thomas Caceci; Mitchiko Shintani
      Pages: 385 - 394
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 4
      Author(s): Abdel-Hamid K. Osman, Thomas Caceci, Mitchiko Shintani
      Programmed cell death is a fundamental event that takes place during organ development and plays an important role in cellular homeostasis. Since various body organs of the camel are under high ecological and physiological stress during food and water deprivation, desiccation, and the long exposure to solar radiation in these desert nomads, we aimed to examine the immunohistochemical expression of apoptosis-related biomarkers in some of its normal body organs to illustrate a basic track for further pathological investigation. Regarding apoptosis, the present study has revealed that the higher expression of cleaved caspase-9 (CC9) [initiator of the intrinsic pathway] and CC3 (effector caspase), and the scanty expression of CC8 (initiator of the extrinsic pathway), highlight the role of the caspase-dependent, intrinsic apoptotic pathway particularly in the intestines and lymphoid organs. The apoptosis- inducing factor (AIF)-immunoexpression was completely missing in the cell nuclei of the examined tissues, indicating the absence of the caspase-independent pathway. The nuclear overexpression of the phospho-histone H2AX (γ H2AX) and the occasional expression of single-stranded DNA, particularly among the CNS neurons, suggest an efficient, protective DNA-repair mechanism in such cells. Thus, despite efficient anti-apoptotic mechanisms intrinsic apoptotic pathways exists in brain, intestine and lymph organs of adult desert camels.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.04.002
  • Erratum to “The possible protective role of pumpkin seed oil in an
           animal model of acid aspiration pneumonia: Light and electron microscopic
           study Acta Histochemica 119 (2017) 161–171”
    • Authors: Nesreen Moustafa Omar; Nahla Reda Sarhan
      First page: 395
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 4
      Author(s): Nesreen Moustafa Omar, Nahla Reda Sarhan

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.004
  • Retraction notice to “CD133+/CD44+/Oct4+/Nestin+ stem-like cells
           isolated from Panc-1 cell line may contribute to multi-resistance and
           metastasis of pancreatic cancer” [Acta Histochemica 115 (2013)
    • Authors: Dongqing Wang; Haitao Zhu; Ying Zhu; Yanfang Liu; Huiling Shen; Ruigen Yin; Zhijian Zhang; Zhaoliang Su
      First page: 302
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica, Volume 120, Issue 3
      Author(s): Dongqing Wang, Haitao Zhu, Ying Zhu, Yanfang Liu, Huiling Shen, Ruigen Yin, Zhijian Zhang, Zhaoliang Su

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T10:02:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.005
  • Hyperglycemia induces epithelial–mesenchymal transition in the lungs of
           experimental diabetes mellitus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Chung-Ming Chen, Shu-Hui Juan, Man-Hui Pai, Hsiu-Chu Chou
      Diabetes mellitus (DM) reduces lung function and increases the risk of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and pulmonary fibrosis. Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. The pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in diabetes remains unknown. We investigated the effects of hyperglycemia on EMT in the lungs of gerbils with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Diabetic gerbils exhibited a significantly lower volume fraction of the alveolar airspace and significantly higher septal thickness, volume fraction of the alveolar wall, and lung injury scores than did nondiabetic gerbils. The percentage of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine-positive cells and transforming growth factor-β-positive cells was significantly higher, the expression of E-cadherin was significantly lower, and the expression of N-cadherin was significantly higher in diabetic gerbils than in nondiabetic gerbils. These EMT characteristics were associated with a significant increase in α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) expression and collagen deposition in the lungs of diabetic gerbils. The increased α-SMA expression was co-localized with surfactant protein-C in alveolar type II cells in hyperglycemic animals. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that hyperglycemia induces EMT and contributes to lung fibrosis in an experimental DM model.

      PubDate: 2018-06-22T16:08:05Z
  • c-Kit mutation reduce intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and
           migration, but not influence intestinal permeability stimulated by
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Hong Xue, Feng Yun Wang, Qian Kang, Xu Dong Tang
      The proto-oncogene c-kit, as a marker of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in the gastrointestinal tract, plays an important role in the ICCs. Although limited evidences showed c-kit is present in the colonic epithelium but its roles remain unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the expression, location and function of c-kit in the intestinal epithelium. Immunofluorescence, western blotting, and RT-PCR were performed to detect the expression and location of c-kit in the intestinal mucosa of WT mice. We investigated intestinal epithelial proliferation and migration in vivo by performing 5-Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation and Ki-67 staining in WT and Wads m/m mice. An Ussing chamber with fluorescein-isothiocyanate dextran 4000 was used to detect the transepithelial electric resistance (TER), short circuit current (ISC) and permeability across ex vivo colon segments under control and endotoxaemia conditions. We demonstrated that c-kit was located and expressed in the gut crypt compartment in WT mice, which was demonstrated in the c-kit mutant mice (Wads m/m). In addition, both the number of proliferating cells and the percentage of the distance migrated were lower in the Wads m/m mice than those in the WT mice. Moreover, the intestinal permeability, TER and tight junction were unaltered in the Wads m/m mice under endotoxic conditions compared with those in both the control condition and the WT mice. Altogether, these observations imply that the expression of c-kit in the colonic epithelium is involved in the proliferation and permeability of the colonic epithelium.

      PubDate: 2018-06-22T16:08:05Z
  • Expression and localization of Forkhead transcription factor A1 in the
           three-dimensional reconstructed eccrine sweat glands
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Haihong Li, Liyun Chen, Mingjun Zhang, Sitian Xie, Liuhanghang Cheng
      Previously studies showed that Forkhead transcription factor A1 (FoxA1) was associated with sweat secretion. To investigate the expression and localization of FoxA1 in the three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed eccrine sweat glands, eccrine sweat gland cells were transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice with Matrigel, and at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-transplantation, the reconstructed eccrine sweat glands were removed and immunostained for FoxA1 and co-immunostained for FoxA1 and eccrine sweat markers, K7, carbonic anhydrase II (CA Ⅱ), gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and FoxA1 and sweat secretion-related proteins, Na+-K+-ATPase α and Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter 1 (NKCC1). The results showed that FoxA1-positive cells weren’t detected until 3 weeks post-implantation, a time point of the differntiation of secretory coil-like structures. From the fourth week on, the number of FoxA1-positive cells increased and thereafter maintained at a high number. Double immunofluorescence staining showed that FoxA1-positive cells co-expressed dark cell marker GCDFP-15 and myoepithelial cell marker α-SMA, as well as secretion-related proteins, Na+-K+-ATPase α and NKCC1 in both the native and reconstructed eccrine sweat glands. In conclusion, FoxA1 might be related to the development and differentiation of secretory coil-like structures, as well as the secretory function of the 3D reconstructed eccrine sweat glands.

      PubDate: 2018-06-19T15:42:06Z
  • Time-dependent expression pattern of cytochrome P450 epoxygenases and
           soluble epoxide hydrolase in normal human placenta
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): K. Cizkova, Z. Tauber
      CYP2C and CYP2 J enzymes, commonly named as cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases, convert arachidonic acid to four regioisomeric epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), biologically active eicosanoids with many functions in organism. EETs are rapidly hydrolysed to less active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). We investigated spatio-temporal expression pattern of CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2 J2 and sEH in normal human placenta by immunohistochemical method. In the villous trophoblast, CYP2C8 was the most abundant protein. Its expression is higher than the CYP2C9 and CYP2 J2 in the cytotrophoblast in the embryonic stage of development and remains higher in syncytiotrophoblast of term placenta. Unlike to CYP2C8, CYP2C9 and CYP2 J2 expression decrease in term placenta. sEH expression increases with gestation age and is strictly limited to cytotrophoblast in embryonic and foetal stages of the development. Moreover, CYP2C8 shows more intensive staining than the other protein monitored in Hofbauer cells in villous stroma. Specific information regarding the exact role of EETs and DHETs functions in a normal placenta is still unknown. Based on CYP epoxygenases and sEH localization and well known information about the functions of placental structures during development, we suggest that these enzymes could play different roles in various cell populations in the placenta. As the placenta is absolutely crucial for prenatal development, arachidonic acid is essential part of human nutrient and CYP epoxygenases expression can be affected by xenobiotics, further investigation of the exact role of CYP epoxygenases, sEH, and their metabolites in normal pregnancy and under pathological conditions is needed.

      PubDate: 2018-06-19T15:42:06Z
  • Nonlinear effects of caffeine on the viability, synthesis and gene
           expression of chondrocytes from the offspring of rats treated during
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 June 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Amanda Maria Sena Reis, Karina Pessoa Oliveira, Isabela Helena Fagundes de Paula, Alisson Paulo da Silva, Júlia Fahrion Tarragô, Natália de Melo Ocarino, Rogéria Serakides
      Objective Evaluate the effects of doses of caffeine administered to pregnant rats on the articular cartilage chondrocytes of their offspring. Methods Twenty-four adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups, with one control group and three groups being treated with caffeine at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg throughout pregnancy. At birth, three offspring/females were euthanized so that the chondrocytes could be extracted. At 7, 14 and 21 days of culture, the chondrocytes were subjected to the MTT cell viability assay and an evaluation of their alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis. Chondrocytes were also stained by Hematoxylin-eosin, PAS, Safranin-O and Alcian Blue. The Sox-9, Runx-2, aggrecan, collagen-II and alkaline phosphatase gene transcript levels were also evaluated. Mean comparisons were performed by the Student–Newman–Keuls test. Results Chondrocyte cultures from the 25 mg/kg group had the lowest results, as chondrocytes from this group had reduced viability, percentage of cells, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen and chondrogenic matrix synthesis. A reduced expression of Sox-9, alkaline phosphatase and collagen-II was also detected in the 25 mg/kg group. Chondrocyte cultures of the group treated with 50 mg/kg caffeine showed reduced collagen synthesis and Sox-9 expression. The caffeine dose of 100 mg/kg also reduced collagen and Sox-9 and alkaline phosphatase expression. Conclusion Caffeine administered to pregnant rats negatively alters the articular cartilage chondrocytes of their offspring, reducing the synthesis of collagen and Sox-9 expression regardless of the dose. This study also concluded that the effects of caffeine are not linear or dose-dependent.

      PubDate: 2018-06-19T15:42:06Z
  • Morphological and ultrastructural changes in the placenta of the diabetic
           pregnant Egyptian women
    • Authors: Nabila Yousef Abdelhalim; Mohammed Hany Shehata; Hanan Nabih Gadallah; Walaa Mohamed Sayed; Aref Ali Othman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 June 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Nabila Yousef Abdelhalim, Mohammed Hany Shehata, Hanan Nabih Gadallah, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Aref Ali Othman
      Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease in which the body fails to produce enough insulin or increased tissue resistance to insulin. The diabetes may have profound effects on placental development and function. This study was designed to detect the placental changes in pregnancy associated with DM comparing these changes with normal placenta. The study was carried out on sixty full-term placentae; divided into three equal groups; control group (group I): placentae of normal pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes (group II): placentae from pregnant women whose blood glucose is poorly controlled during pregnancy. Controlled diabetes (group III): includes placentae from diabetic women whose blood glucose is controlled during pregnancy. The placentae from group II tend to be heavier and exhibited immaturity of villi, villous edema, fibrosis, excessive syncytial knots formation and infarctions. In addition to, fibrinoid necrosis, increased thickness of vasculosyncytial membrane, syncytial basement membrane, microvillous abnormalities and vascular endothelial changes were demonstrated. The syncytial multivesicular knots were present in placentae of group II. The nuclei within these syncytial knots display condensed chromatin, either dispersed throughout the nucleus or in the form of dense peripheral clumps with and numerous cytoplasmic vacuoles. The syncytial basement membrane showed focal areas of increase in its thickness and irregularity. Villous cytotrophoblasts showed increased number and activity in the form of numerous secretory granules, abundant dilated RER, larger distorted mitochondria. Villous vessels showed various degrees of abnormalities in the form of endothelial cell enlargement, folding, thickening and protrusion of their luminal surfaces into vascular lumen making it narrower in caliber. In placentae of group III, most of these abnormalities decreased. In most of placentae of group III, the VSM appeared nearly normal in thickness and showed nearly normal composition of one layer of syncytiotrophoblastic cells, one layer of smooth, regular capillary endothelium and the space between them. Mild microvillous abnormalities were noted in few placentae as they appeared short and blunted with mild decrease in their number per micron. The electron picture of syncytial knots appeared nearly normal containing aggregations of small, condensed hyperchromatic nuclei, minimal vacuoles could be seen in the cytoplasm of syncytial knots. Syncytial basement membrane appeared regular and nearly normal in its thickness and composition coming in direct contact with fetal blood capillaries but mild abnormalities were noted in the basement membrane in few placentae as increased its thickness and deposition of fibers or fibrinoid. Regarding cytotrophoblasts in the terminal villi of placentae with controlled diabetes, these cells appeared nearly normal. They were scattered beneath the syncytium and were active containing mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, free ribosomes and a large nucleus with fine dispersed chromatin. The vascular ultrastructural pattern in terminal villi of placentae of this group showed no significant abnormalities and was normally distributed in the villous tree. The luminal surface of the vascular endothelium appeared regular smooth in the majority of placentae of this group. The endothelial cells appeared connected to each other with tight junctions. It could be concluded that whether if long-term diabetes is controlled or not, placentae of diabetic mother showed a variety of significant histological structural changes seen more frequently than in the placentae of pregnant women without diabetes.

      PubDate: 2018-06-04T02:12:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.008
  • Interplay between estrogen-related receptors and
           steroidogenesis-controlling molecules in adrenals. In vivo and in vitro
    • Authors: A. Pacwa; E. Gorowska-Wojtowicz; A. Ptak; P. Pawlicki; A. Milon; M. Sekula; K. Lesniak; B. Bilinska; A. Hejmej; M. Kotula-Balak
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): A. Pacwa, E. Gorowska-Wojtowicz, A. Ptak, P. Pawlicki, A. Milon, M. Sekula, K. Lesniak, B. Bilinska, A. Hejmej, M. Kotula-Balak
      Estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) α, β and γ appear to be novel molecules implicated in estrogen signaling. We blocked and activated ERRs in mouse (C57BL/6) adrenals and adrenocortical cells (H295R) using pharmacological agents XCT 790 (ERRα antagonist) and DY131 (ERRβ/γ agonist), respectively. Mice were injected with XCT 790 or DY131 (5 μg/kg bw) while cells were exposed to XCT 790 or DY131 (0.5 μg/L). Irrespectively of the agent used, changes in adrenocortical cell morphology along with changes in lutropin, cholesterol levels and estrogen production were found. Diverse and complex ERRs regulation of multilevel-acting steroidogenic proteins (perilipin; PLIN, cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage; P450scc, translocator protein; TSPO, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein; StAR, hormone sensitive lipase; HSL and HMG-CoA reductase; HMGCR) was revealed. Blockage of ERRα decreased P450scc, StAR and TSPO expressions. Activation of ERRβ/γ increased P450scc, StAR and HMGCR while decreased HSL expressions. PLIN expression increased either after XCT 790 or DY131 treatment. Additionally, treatment with both XCT 790 or DY131 decreased activity of Ras/Raf, Erk and Akt indicating their involvement in control of morphology and steroidogenic function of cortex cells. ERRs are important in maintaining morpho-function of cortex cells through action in specific, opposite, or common manner on steroidogenic molecules.

      PubDate: 2018-06-04T02:12:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.007
  • Sasa quelpaertensis leaves ameliorate alcohol-induced liver injury by
           attenuating oxidative stress in HepG2 cells and mice
    • Authors: Kalahe Hewage Iresha Nadeeka Madushani Herath; So Jin Bing; Jinhee Cho; Areum Kim; Gyeonghun Kim; Ju-Sung Kim; Jae-Bum Kim; Yang Hoi Doh; Youngheun Jee
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Kalahe Hewage Iresha Nadeeka Madushani Herath, So Jin Bing, Jinhee Cho, Areum Kim, Gyeonghun Kim, Ju-Sung Kim, Jae-Bum Kim, Yang Hoi Doh, Youngheun Jee
      Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the progression of alcoholic liver diseases and substances of antioxidant property are of special interest for therapeutic purposes. We investigated the hepatoprotective effect of leaf extracts of Sasa quelpaertensis, an edible bamboo mainly cultivated in Jeju Island, South Korea. We examined the cytotoxicity of different extracts (distilled water, 20–80% EtOH) of S. quelpaertensis on HepG2 cells and their hepatoprotective effect on HepG2 cells stimulated by ethanol (800 mM, 24 h). Furthermore, we measured reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, ethanol toxicity induced cell death, and the activity of antioxidant enzymes. In in vivo experiments, liver damage was induced by oral administration of 5 g/kg ethanol with or without potent ethanol extract of S. quelpaertensis (10 or 100 mg/kg) 12 h interval for a total of 3 doses. Only 80% ethanol extract of S. quelpaertensis (SQEE80) exhibited cytoprotective effect on HepG2 cells against alcohol-induced toxicity. SQEE80 treatment (250, 500 μg/mL) in ethanol exposed HepG2 cells showed significant attenuation of ROS production and ethanol toxicity induced cell death. Furthermore, SQEE80 markedly increased the activity of antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase 1 in ethanol exposed HepG2 cells compared to ethanol stimulated cells. In in vivo experiments, SQEE80 treatment evidently suppressed the alcohol-induced histopathological changes in liver, serum ethanol content, and expression of cytochrome P450 2E1. Furthermore, SQEE80 significantly reversed the reduction of glutathione level in the ethanol challenged liver. Taken together, we suggest the possibility of developing SQEE80 as a natural hepatoprotective substance in attenuating alcohol-induced oxidative stress.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.011
  • Ameloblastoma with adenoid features: A series of eight cases
    • Authors: Daniela Adorno-Farias; Vinícius Rio Verde Melo Muniz; Amanda Pinheiro Soares; Patrícia Ramos Cury; Rosângela Góes Rabelo; Ricardo Fernández-Ramires; Roberto Almeida de Azevedo; Jean Nunes dos Santos
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Daniela Adorno-Farias, Vinícius Rio Verde Melo Muniz, Amanda Pinheiro Soares, Patrícia Ramos Cury, Rosângela Góes Rabelo, Ricardo Fernández-Ramires, Roberto Almeida de Azevedo, Jean Nunes dos Santos
      Background Ameloblastoma with adenoid features are characterized by the presence of duct-like structures formed from the parenchyma of the tumor. This study was conducted to report a series of eight ameloblastomas with adenoid features, highlighting their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical aspects. Material and Methods Out of 71 cases of ameloblastomas, this study classified 8 cases as ameloblastomas with adenoid features. Clinicopathological data and immunohistochemistry for CK7, CK14, CK19, IMP3, p53 and Ki-67 were evaluated. Results From those cases of ameloblastoma exhibiting adenoid features, there were 4 women and 4 men, with mean age of 39 years. Most cases affected the mandible and all presented radiographically as a radiolucency. The predominant histopathological features were pseudoducts, squamous metaplasia, nuclear hyperchromatism, clear cells, whorled aspect of epithelial structures, cribriform growth pattern, proliferation of spindle cells and extracellular eosinophilic material. Immunohistochemical analysis showed high expression for CK14 (n = 6) and CK19 (n = 3) and all cases (n = 8) were negative for p53, IMP3 and CK7. In addition, all samples (n = 8) showed low expression for Ki-67. Conclusions The similarities between the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of eight cases described in the present study and those described in previous studies support the possibility that these lesions are adenoid ameloblastomas. In addition, the immunohistochemical results of CK14, CK19, p53 and Ki-67 did not differ from those of conventional ameloblastomas.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.006
  • Nandrolone decanoate and physical activity affect quadriceps in
           peripubertal rats
    • Authors: Jasmina Sretenovic; Vladimir Ajdzanovic; Vladimir Zivkovic; Ivan Srejovic; Milena Corbic; Verica Milosevic; Vladimir Jakovljevic; Zoran Milosavljevic
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Jasmina Sretenovic, Vladimir Ajdzanovic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Ivan Srejovic, Milena Corbic, Verica Milosevic, Vladimir Jakovljevic, Zoran Milosavljevic
      Anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) are synthetic analogs of testosterone often used by athletes to increase the skeletal muscle mass. Our goal was to examine the effects of physical activity and physical activity combined with supraphysiological doses of nandrolone on functional morphology of the quadriceps muscle. The study included 32 peripubertal Wistar rats, divided into 4 groups: control (T-N-), nandrolone (T-N+), physical activity (T+N-) and physical activity plus nandrolone (T+N+) groups. The T+N- and T+N+ group swam for 4 weeks, 1 h/day, 5 days/week. The T-N+ and T+N+ groups received nandolone decanoate (20 mg/kg b.w.) once per week, subcutaneously. Subsequently, the rats were sacrificed and muscle specimens were prepared for the processing. Tissue sections were histochemically and immunohistochemically stained, while the image analysis was used for quantification. Longitudinal diameter of quadriceps muscle cells was increased for 21% in T-N+, for 57% in T+N- and for 64% in T+N+ group while cross section muscle cell area was increased in T-N+ for 19%, in T+N- for 47% and in T+N+ group for 59%, compared to the control. Collagen fibers covered area was increased in T-N+ group for 36%, in T+N- for 109% and in T+N+ group for 159%, compared to the control. Erythrocyte depots were decreased in T-N+ group and increased in T+N- and T+N+ group, in comparison with T-N-. VEGF depots were increased in all treated groups. Chronic administration of supraphysiological doses of AASs alone or in combination with physical activity induces hypertrophy and significant changes in the quadriceps muscle tissue structure.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.04.004
  • Follicle stimulating hormone receptor protein is expressed in ovine uterus
           during the estrous cycle and utero-placenta during early pregnancy: An
           immunohistochemical study
    • Authors: Anna T. Grazul-Bilska; Arshi Reyaz; Veselina Valkov; Sheri T. Dorsam; Dale A. Redmer
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Anna T. Grazul-Bilska, Arshi Reyaz, Veselina Valkov, Sheri T. Dorsam, Dale A. Redmer
      Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a well characterized gonadotropin that controls primarily development and functions of ovarian follicles in mammalian species. FSH binds to a specific G protein-coupled receptor (FSHR) belonging to the glycoprotein hormone receptor family that plays an essential role in reproduction. Although the primary location of FSHR is in the gonads (mainly in ovarian follicles), FSHR protein and/or mRNA have also been detected in extragonadal female reproductive tissues including embryo, placenta, endometrium, cervix, ovarian cancer tissues, and/or endometriotic lesions in several species. To determine the pattern of FSHR expression in the uterus and placenta, uterine tissues were collected at the early, mid- and/or late luteal phases of the estrous cycle from non-treated or FSH-treated ewes, and utero-placental tissues were collected during early pregnancy followed by immunohistochemistry and image generation. FSHR was immunolocalized to several uterine and utero-placental compartments including luminal epithelium, endometrial glands and surrounding stroma, myometrium, and endothelium and vascular smooth muscle cells in endometrium, myometrium and mesometrium. Intensity of staining and distribution of FSHR in selected compartments differed and seems to depend on the stage of the estrous cycle or pregnancy, and FSH-treatment. These novel data demonstrate differential expression of FSHR protein indicating that FSH plays a specific role in regulation of uterine and utero-placenta functions in sheep.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.005
  • Ameliorative effects of bone marrow derived pancreatic progenitor cells on
           hyperglycemia and oxidative stress in diabetic rats
    • Authors: Hamdy Rizk; A.F. Tohamy; Walaa Mohamed Sayed; Abdelbary Prince
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Hamdy Rizk, A.F. Tohamy, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Abdelbary Prince
      The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bone marrow derived pancreatic progenitor cells (BM- PPCs) in diabetic rats. It was conducted on 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200–220 g. They were divided into three groups: (a) Group 1 was the control group; (b) Group 2 was the diabetic (induced diabetic by a single intraperitoneal (IP) injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg) and (c) Group 3 was the treated (received injection of 2.5 X 106 BM- PPCs via the tail vein twice with a 21-day time interval). The blood glucose level was estimated weekly, the oxidative stress and insulin gene expression were evaluated at the end of the experiment. Pancreatic tissue histopathology was performed. The insulin immuno-histochemical reaction was applied to the islets. The blood glucose level was reduced in the treated group over time till reaching its acceptable level whereas it was increased in the diabetic group. The oxidative stress was decreased in the treated group compared to the diabetic one. The treated group showed increased expression of the insulin gene compared to the diabetic group. The immune-histochemical analysis of insulin showed an increased number and size of pancreatic islets in the treated group compared to the diabetic one. Thus, the twofold injection of BM- PPCs could restore the normal beta-cell morphology and function.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.001
  • Multiple immunolabeling with antibodies from the same host species in
           combination with tyramide signal amplification
    • Authors: Igor Buchwalow; Vera Samoilova; Werner Boecker; Markus Tiemann
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Igor Buchwalow, Vera Samoilova, Werner Boecker, Markus Tiemann
      A general problem in immunocytochemistry is the development of a reliable multiple immunolabeling method with primary antibodies originating from the same host species. When primary antibodies are raised in the same host species, the secondary species-specific antibodies can cross-react with each of the primary antibodies. This obstacle can however be avoided with the use of striping buffers eluting the primary/secondary antibody complex. After elution of the previous primary/secondary antibody complex, the next primary antibody from the same host species can be applied. Recently, a group from VENTANA (Tucson, AZ, USA) presented a fully automated multiplex protocol for fluorescent immunohistochemistry on the platform of VENTANA’s BenchMark ULTRA slide stainer using the same species antibodies in combination with tyramide signal amplification. We adapted the automated protocol of VENTANA for the use in a routine histochemical laboratory and present here a standard procedure with a manual mode of operation for simultaneously detecting two or more antigens from the same host species.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.05.002
  • Telocytes in human fetal skeletal muscle interstitium during early
    • Authors: Mirca Marini; Mirko Manetti; Irene Rosa; Lidia Ibba-Manneschi; Eleonora Sgambati
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 May 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Mirca Marini, Mirko Manetti, Irene Rosa, Lidia Ibba-Manneschi, Eleonora Sgambati
      A new peculiar stromal cell type called telocyte (TC)/CD34-positive stromal cell (i.e. cell with distinctive prolongations named telopodes) has recently been described in various tissues and organs, including the adult skeletal muscle interstitium of mammals. By forming a resident stromal three-dimensional network, TCs have been suggested to participate in different physiological processes within the skeletal muscle tissue, including homeostasis maintenance, intercellular signaling, tissue regeneration/repair and angiogenesis. Since a continuous interplay between the stromal compartment and skeletal muscle fibers seems to take place from organogenesis to aging, the present study was undertaken to investigate for the first time the presence of TCs in the human skeletal muscle during early myogenesis. In particular, we describe the morphological distribution of TCs in human fetal lower limb skeletal muscle during early stages of myogenesis (9–12 weeks of gestation). TCs were studied on tissue sections subjected to immunoperoxidase-based immunohistochemistry for CD34. Double immunofluorescence was further performed to unequivocally differentiate TCs (CD34-positive/CD31-negative) from vascular endothelial cells (CD34-positive/CD31-positive). Our findings provide evidence that stromal cells with typical morphological features and immunophenotype of TCs are present in the human skeletal muscle during early myogenesis, revealing differences in either CD34 immunopositivity or TC numbers among different gestation ages. Specifically, few TCs weakly positive for CD34 were found between 9 and 9.5 weeks. From 10 to 11.5 weeks, TCs were more numerous and strongly reactive and their telopodes formed a reticular network in close relationship with blood vessels and primary and secondary myotubes undergoing separation. On the contrary, a strong reduction in the number and immunopositivity of TCs was observed in fetal muscle sections from 12 weeks of gestation, where mature myotubes were evident. The muscle stroma showed parallel changes in amount, density and organization from 9 to 12 weeks. Moreover, blood vessels appeared particularly numerous between 10 and 11.5 weeks. Taken together, our findings suggest that TCs might play a fundamental role in the early myogenetic period, possibly guiding tissue organization and compartmentalization, as well as angiogenesis and maturation of myotubes.

      PubDate: 2018-05-30T00:55:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.04.003
  • The expression and distribution of a leptin receptor in the central
           nervous system, digestive organs, and gonads of the giant freshwater
           prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Authors: Jaruwan Poljaroen; Ruchanok Tinikul; Panat Anuracpreeda; Prasert Sobhon; Yotsawan Tinikul
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Jaruwan Poljaroen, Ruchanok Tinikul, Panat Anuracpreeda, Prasert Sobhon, Yotsawan Tinikul
      In the present study, the presence and distribution of leptin receptor (LEP-R) in central nervous system, digestive organs, gonads of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, were investigated with Western blot and immunohistochemistry. By Western blot a LEP-R with a molecular weight (MW) of 100 kDa was detected in the brain, thoracic ganglia, abdominal ganglia, hepatopancreas, all parts of the gastrointestinal tract, ovaries, and testes. In hepatopancreas and foregut, another intense positive band was detected at molecular weight of 30 kDa, which could be an isotype of LEP-R. By immunohistochemistry, LEP-R-ir was detected in the neurons, and neuropils in the brain, thoracic ganglia, and abdominal ganglia. In the gastrointestinal tract, there was intense LEP-R-ir in the apical part of the epithelial cells of the foregut, midgut, and hindgut. In addition, LEP-R-ir was found in the Restzellen(R)cells and Fibrillenzellen(F) cells in the hepatopancreas. In the ovary, LEP-R-ir was detected in early stage of oocytes and mature oocytes. Intense LEP-R-ir was observed in spermatogonia and spermatocytes of the small and orange claw male prawns. In addition, LEP-R was seen in the high epithelium of spermatic ducts from all male morphotypes. In summary, the detection of the LEP-R-ir suggests the existence of a LEP-R in several organs of M. rosenbergii. Through binding with leptin peptide, LEP-R may be an important signaling molecule that has critical functions in modulating and controlling food intake, energy expenditure, and reproduction in this prawn.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T10:22:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.04.001
  • Immunomorphometric variations of sustentacular cells of the male viscacha
           adrenal medulla during the annual reproductive cycle. Effects of androgens
           and melatonin
    • Authors: Luis Ezequiel Gallol; Fabian Heber Mohamed
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Luis Ezequiel Gallol, Fabian Heber Mohamed
      The adrenal medulla is crucial for the survival of species facing significant environmental changes. The parenchyma is composed mainly of chromaffin cells, ganglion cells and sustentacular cells (SC). The male viscacha exhibits seasonal variations of gonadal activity and other metabolic functions. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of the reproductive conditions on the morphology of SC of this rodent. In addition, the effects of testosterone and melatonin on these cells were studied. Immunoexpression of S100 protein, GFAP and vimentin were analyzed. Furthermore, the distribution of adrenergic and noradrenergic chromaffin cells subpopulations was studied for the first time in this species. SC present long cytoplasmic processes in contact with chromaffin cells, probably generating an intraglandular communication network. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in the %IA (percentage of immunopositive area) for the S100 protein were observed according to winter (4.21 ± 0.34) and summer (3.51 ± 0.15) values. In castrated animals, the %IA (6.05 ± 0.35) was significantly higher in relation to intact animals (3.95 ± 0.40). In melatonin-treated animals the %IA (3.62 ± 0.23) was significantly higher compared to control animals (2.65 ± 0.26). GFAP immunoexpression was negative and no noradrenergic chromaffin cells were detected suggesting an adrenergic phenotype predominance. Vimentin was observed in SC, endothelial cells and connective tissue. Results indicate that SC exhibit variations along the annual reproductive cycle, along with castration and the melatonin administration. Our results suggest that in this rodent SC are not only support elements, but also participate in the modulation of the activity of the adrenal medulla; probably through paracrine effects.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T10:02:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.009
  • Early islets and mesenchyme from an injured adult pancreas improve
           syngeneic engraftments and islet graft function in diabetic rats
    • Authors: Venant Tchokonte-Nana; Juziel Kampando Manda
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 April 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Venant Tchokonte-Nana, Juziel Kampando Manda
      A decrease in mass of isografts and a decline in islet function are major challenges in islet transplantations. Despite this, transplantation of 84 h harvested pancreatic duct ligation (PDL) tissues have been shown to have the same functional ability to foetal pancreata, but there was only 40% success in reverting hyperglycaemia. We tested the potential of early islets with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to promote isogeneic grafts survival and to restore normoglycemia in diabetic rats, in comparison with late islets. Islets were isolated from injured adult pancreata of donor rats at 24 h post ligation either with MSCs (24 h islet/MSC+) or without MSCs (24 h islet/MSC-), and at 84 h without MSCs (84 h islet/MSC-). These cells were transplanted under the renal capsule of syngeneic STZ-diabetic recipient rats. The islet grafts were monitored using the BGLs of recipients and the immunohistomorphology of the grafts were analysed using anti-insulin and anti-Ki67 antibodies. The mean BGL in 24 h islet/MSC+ recipients was reduced over time toward the control value. The curves of the mean BGLs in the control islet/MSC- and the 24 h islet/MSC- recipients dropped significantly below the control normal glucose group’s levels to reach their nadirs on weeks 4 and 6, respectively. Both curves had a peak overshoot on week 9, with no statistical significant difference between them. Engrafted islets were evident in these recipients, lasted for 5 and 6 weeks and correspondingly survived failure. However, insulin+ cells were present in the isografts of all recipients; but, only isografts in the 24 h islet/MSC+ presented with a homogenous subcapsular beta cell mass. In addition, the tendency of 24 h islet/MSC- to restore normoglycaemia with its survival capacity was statistically highly significant compared to the 84 islet/MSC- recipients (80%; 20%; p = 0.001). Transplantation of early islets with MSCs from injured adult pancreata prolongs islet graft survival and improves isograft function in diabetic rats. This novel observation requires much further exploration for its clinical application, but this model already provides hope for new sources of donor islets for transplantation.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T10:02:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.008
  • Current methodology of MTT assay in bacteria – A review
    • Authors: Ewa Grela; Joanna Kozłowska; Agnieszka Grabowiecka
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Ewa Grela, Joanna Kozłowska, Agnieszka Grabowiecka
      The MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) tetrazolium assay is a popular tool in estimating the metabolic activity of living cells. The test is based on enzymatic reduction of the lightly colored tetrazolium salt to its formazan of intense purple-blue color, which can be quantified spectrophotometrically. Under properly optimized conditions the obtained absorbance value is directly proportional to the number of living cells. Originally, the MTT assay was devised for use in eukaryotic cells lines and later applied for bacteria and fungi. As the mechanism of MTT reduction was studied in detail mostly considering eukaryotic cells, the lack of information resulted in generating a vast variety of MTT based protocols for bacterial enzymatic activity evaluation. In the presented article the main aspects of the MTT assay applicability in bacterial research were summarized, with special emphasis on sources of inaccuracies and misinterpretation of the test results.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T10:02:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.007
  • Histomorphological changes in the pancreas and kidney and
           histopathological changes in the liver in male Wistar rats on
           antiretroviral therapy and melatonin treatment
    • Authors: Danélle Truter; Nireshni Chellan; Hans Strijdom; Ingrid Webster; Jordyn Rawstorne; Sanet H. Kotzé
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Danélle Truter, Nireshni Chellan, Hans Strijdom, Ingrid Webster, Jordyn Rawstorne, Sanet H. Kotzé
      Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has shown to cause inflammation, cellular injury and oxidative stress, whereas melatonin has been successful in reducing these effects. The aim of the study was to determine potential morphometric changes caused by cART in combination with melatonin supplementation in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-free rats. Tissue samples (N = 40) of the pancreas, liver and kidney from a control (C/ART-/M-), cART group (C/ART + ), melatonin (C/M + ) and experimental group (ART+/M + ) were collected and stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and evaluated for histopathology. The pancreata were labelled with anti-insulin and anti-glucagon to determine α- and β-cell regions. Kidneys were stained with periodic acid Schiff (PAS) to measure the area, perimeter, diameter and radius of renal corpuscles, glomeruli and proximal convoluted tubules (PCTs). Blood tests were conducted to determine hepatotoxicity. No significant changes in histopathology were seen. Melatonin stimulated pancreatic islet abundance, as the number of islets per mm2 was significantly higher in the C/M+ than in the C/ART-/M- and ART+/M+. Parameters of the renal corpuscle, glomeruli, renal space and PCTs were significantly lower in the C/ART+ compared to the other groups, thus cART may have caused tubular dysfunction or cellular damage. A significant increase in serum haemoglobin was observed in the C/ART+ compared to the C/ART-, which showed cART increases serum haemoglobin in the absence of immune deficiency. Serum lipids were significantly decreased in the C/M+ compared to the C/ART-, possibly due to the effect of melatonin on the decrease of lipolysis, decreasing effect on cholesterol absorption and stimulation of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that melatonin stimulated α-cell production, increased the number of pancreatic islets and caused a decrease in total lipids, whereas cART increased serum haemoglobin and decreased various parameters of the nephron in an HIV-free rat model, suggestive of tubular dysfunction.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T10:02:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.006
  • Gypenosides attenuate lipopolysaccharide-induced optic neuritis in rats
    • Authors: Fang Wang; Yalong Dang; Jing Wang; Ting Zhou; Yu Zhu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Fang Wang, Yalong Dang, Jing Wang, Ting Zhou, Yu Zhu
      Purpose To evaluate the effect of gypenosides (GPs) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced optic neuritis rats. Methods Optic neuritis was induced by a single microinjection of LPS into the optic nerve of Sprague Dawley rats. GPs (400 mg/kg) was administrated by gavage for 21 days. The optic nerve structure changes and demyelination were observed after hematoxylin & eosin and Luxol-fast blue staining. Apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) was evaluated using Brn3a-TUNEL double staining. Expression of CD68 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were detected using immunofluorescence staining. The mRNA levels of inflammatory factors were measured using quantitative real-time PCR. The protein expression levels in the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways were detected using Western blot. Results GPs treatment prevented the optic nerve structure changes and demyelination in the rats with optic neuritis. GPs treatment downregulated LPS-induced overexpressions of CD68, GFAP and pro-inflammatory factors. GPs treatment inhibited STAT1 and 3 phosphorylation and NF-κB nuclear translocation in the optic nerve and retina of rats with optic neuritis. Conclusion GPs attenuate LPS-induced inflammation, demyelination and optic nerve damage which may be associated with the inhibition of the NF-κB and STAT pathways.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.003
  • Highly specific detection of muscarinic M3 receptor, G protein interaction
           and intracellular trafficking in human detrusor using Proximity Ligation
           Assay (PLA)
    • Authors: Mandy Berndt-Paetz; Luise Herbst; Annett Weimann; Andreas Gonsior; Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg; Jochen Neuhaus
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Mandy Berndt-Paetz, Luise Herbst, Annett Weimann, Andreas Gonsior, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Jochen Neuhaus
      Purpose Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) regulate a number of important physiological functions. Alteration of mAChR expression or function has been associated in the etiology of several pathologies including functional bladder disorders (e.g bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis – BPS/IC). In a previous study we found specific mAChR expression patterns associated with BPS/IC, while correlation between protein and gene expression was lacking. Posttranslational regulatory mechanisms, e.g. altered intracellular receptor trafficking, could explain those differences. In addition, alternative G protein (GP) coupling could add to the pathophysiology via modulation of muscarinic signaling. In our proof-of-principle study, we addressed these questions in situ. We established PLA in combination with confocal laserscanning microscopy (CLSM) and 3D object reconstruction for highly specific detection and analysis of muscarinic 3 receptors (M3), G protein (GP) coupling and intracellular trafficking in human detrusor samples. Material and methods Paraffin sections of formalin-fixed bladder tissue (FFPE) of BPS/IC patients receiving transurethral biopsy were examined by Cy3-PLA for M3 expression, coupling of M3 to GPs (Gαq/11, Gαs, Gαi) and interaction of M3 with endocytic regulator proteins. Membranes were labeled with wheat germ agglutinin-Alexa Fluor®488, nuclei were stained with DAPI. Object density and co-localization were analyzed in 3D-reconstruction of high resolution confocal z-stacks. Results Confocal image stack processing resulted in well demarcated objects. Calculated receptor densities correlated significantly with existing confocal expression data, while significantly improved specificity of M3 detection by PLA was verified using bladder tissue samples from transgenic mice. 50–60% of the M3 receptor complexes were plasma membrane associated in human bladder detrusor. Application of PLA for M3 and GPs allowed visualization of M3-GP interactions and revealed individual GP-subtype coupling patterns. Detection of M3 interactions with endocytic trafficking proteins by PLA resulted in object sizes correlating with well-documented vesicle sizes of the endocytosis pathway. Conclusion PLA enabled highly specific detection of M3 receptor expression, demonstration of M3/GP differential coupling and intracellular M3 trafficking in human detrusor smooth muscle cells. This new approach minimized background fluorescence and antibody cross-reactions resulting from single antibody application, and enhanced specificity due to the use of two primary antibodies. Use of subcellular markers allowed visualization of subcellular receptor location. PLA/CLSM allows analyses of muscarinic “receptor – G protein – promiscuity” and intracellular trafficking even in bladder paraffin sections and may give new insights into the etiology and pathology of BPS/IC.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.004
  • Immunohistochemical localization of osteoblast activating peptide in the
           mouse kidney
    • Authors: Ahmed E. Noreldin; Yaser Hosny Ali Elewa; Yasuhiro Kon; Katsuhiko Warita; Yoshinao Z. Hosaka
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Ahmed E. Noreldin, Yaser Hosny Ali Elewa, Yasuhiro Kon, Katsuhiko Warita, Yoshinao Z. Hosaka
      Osteoblast activating peptide (OBAP) is a newly discovered peptide detected in the rat stomach, which has a major role in osteogenesis. Recently, we revealed its localization in the parietal cells of the rat stomach. There have been no data regarding OBAP expression in the kidney, despite its role in calcium reabsorption in renal tubules. The current study aimed to inspect the expression of OBAP in the kidney of twelve 10-week-old male C3H/HeNJc1 mice using immunohistochemistry, and immunoelectron microscopic localization. The immunohistochemical investigation revealed an OBAP positive reaction mainly in the medulla, which was stronger than the cortex of the kidney and was concentrated in the distal convoluted tubules (DCT), connecting tubules (CT), and the thick limbs of the loop of Henle (HL). Moreover, we clarified that the OBAP was co-distributed with ghrelin and calbindin (markers of the DCT). Interestingly, immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated that OBAP was concentrated in the mitochondrial inner membrane of the DCT and CT. Based on these results, it was concluded that the mitochondria of the DCT, CT, and HL of the mice kidney generate OBAP. Furthermore, our results suggest that OBAP might have a role in the regulation of calcium reabsorption by the renal tubule; however, further investigations are required to clarify this potential role.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.001
  • An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis of the retina in
           tadalafil (Cialis) treated rats
    • Authors: Nahla Reda Sarhan; Nesreen Moustafa Omar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Nahla Reda Sarhan, Nesreen Moustafa Omar
      Tadalafil (Cialis) is one of the most commonly used phosphodiesterase type5 (PDE5) inhibitors. This work aimed to analyze the histological and ultrastructural changes provoked by chronic tadalafil administration in the rat retina, correlate between such changes and PDE5 immunoexpression and to evaluate the possible reversibility of these changes. Thirty Sprague Dawley male rats were randomly distributed into 3 groups. Control group; given 1 ml distilled water daily for 6 weeks. Tadalafil group; given tadalafil in a daily dose of 2.6 mg/kg for 6 weeks. Withdrawal group; given tadalafil 2.6 mg/kg daily for 6 week followed by a withdrawal period of 4 weeks. Retinal specimens were prepared for histological, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical study using anti-PDE5 and anti-Bcl-2 antibodies. Morphometric and statistical studies were performed. Tadalafil group displayed a significant reduction in retinal thickness, diminished cell population of outer and inner nuclear layers, dilated blood capillaries and a significant decline in the number of ganglion cells. Significant reductions of both PDE5 and Bcl-2 immunoexpression were observed. At the ultrastructural level, the photoreceptors showed spacing of outer segments and disorganized membranous discs. Retinal neurons showed ultrastructural degenerative changes in the form of shrunken irregular nuclei, dilated rER, and disrupted mitochondria. Withdrawal group revealed preservation of histological structure and partial restoration of retinal thickness, retinal cells ultrastructure, and PDE5 and Bcl-2 immunoexpressions. In conclusion, chronic use of tadalafil could induce reversible apoptotic and degenerative changes in retinal neurons due to its inhibitory effect on PDE5 expression which affects the metabolism and viability of retinal cells.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.03.002
  • A novel surgical technique for a rat subcutaneous implantation of a tissue
           engineered scaffold
    • Authors: Reza Khorramirouz; Jason L. Go; Christopher Noble; Soumen Jana; Eva Maxson; Amir Lerman; Melissa D. Young
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Reza Khorramirouz, Jason L. Go, Christopher Noble, Soumen Jana, Eva Maxson, Amir Lerman, Melissa D. Young
      Objectives Subcutaneous implantations in small animal models are currently required for preclinical studies of acellular tissue to evaluate biocompatibility, including host recellularization and immunogenic reactivity. Methods Three rat subcutaneous implantation methods were evaluated in six Sprague Dawley rats. An acellular xenograft made from porcine pericardium was used as the tissue-scaffold. Three implantation methods were performed; 1) Suture method is where a tissue-scaffold was implanted by suturing its border to the external oblique muscle, 2) Control method is where a tissue-scaffold was implanted without any suturing or support, 3) Frame method is where a tissue-scaffold was attached to a circular frame composed of polycaprolactone (PCL) biomaterial and placed subcutaneously. After 1 and 4 weeks, tissue-scaffolds were explanted and evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson’s trichrome,Picrosirius Red, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), immunohistochemistry, and mechanical testing. Results Macroscopically, tissue-scaffold degradation with the suture method and tissue-scaffold folding with the control method were observed after 4 weeks. In comparison, the frame method demonstrated intact tissue scaffolds after 4 weeks. H&E staining showed progressive cell repopulation over the course of the experiment in all groups with acute and chronic inflammation observed in suture and control methods throughout the duration of the study. Immunohistochemistry quantification of CD3, CD 31, CD 34, CD 163, and αSMA showed a statistically significant differences between the suture, control and frame methods (P < 0.05) at both time points. The average tensile strength was 4.03 ± 0.49, 7.45 ± 0.49 and 5.72 ± 1.34 (MPa) after 1 week and 0.55 ± 0.26, 0.12 ± 0.03 and 0.41 ± 0.32 (MPa) after 4 weeks in the suture, control, and frame methods; respectively. TEM analysis showed an increase in inflammatory cells in both suture and control methods following implantation. Conclusion Rat subcutaneous implantation with the frame method was performed with success and ease. The surgical approach used for the frame technique was found to be the best methodology for in vivo evaluation of tissue engineered acellular scaffolds, where the frame method did not compromise mechanical strength, but it reduced inflammation significantly.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.010
  • Tetrazolium salts and formazan products in Cell Biology: Viability
           assessment, fluorescence imaging, and labeling perspectives
    • Authors: Juan C. Stockert; Richard W. Horobin; Lucas L. Colombo; Alfonso Blázquez-Castro
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Juan C. Stockert, Richard W. Horobin, Lucas L. Colombo, Alfonso Blázquez-Castro
      For many years various tetrazolium salts and their formazan products have been employed in histochemistry and for assessing cell viability. For the latter application, the most widely used are 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), and 5-cyano-2,3-di-(p-tolyl)-tetrazolium chloride (CTC) for viability assays of eukaryotic cells and bacteria, respectively. In these cases, the nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide (NAD(P)H) coenzyme and dehydrogenases from metabolically active cells reduce tetrazolium salts to strongly colored and lipophilic formazan products, which are then quantified by absorbance (MTT) or fluorescence (CTC). More recently, certain sulfonated tetrazolium, which give rise to water-soluble formazans, have also proved useful for cytotoxicity assays. We describe several aspects of the application of tetrazolium salts and formazans in biomedical cell biology research, mainly regarding formazan-based colorimetric assays, cellular reduction of MTT, and localization and fluorescence of the MTT formazan in lipidic cell structures. In addition, some pharmacological and labeling perspectives of these compounds are also described.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.005
  • Localization of EFA6 (exchange factor for ARF6) isoform D in steroidogenic
           testicular Leydig cells of adult mice
    • Authors: Surang Chomphoo; Sawetree Pakkarato; Tarinee Sawatpanich; Hiroyuki Sakagami; Hisatake Kondo; Wiphawi Hipkaeo
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Surang Chomphoo, Sawetree Pakkarato, Tarinee Sawatpanich, Hiroyuki Sakagami, Hisatake Kondo, Wiphawi Hipkaeo
      EFA6 (exchange factor for ARF6) activates Arf6 (ADP ribosylation factor 6) by exchanging ADP to ATP and the resulting activated form of Arf6 is involved in the membrane trafficking and actin remodeling of cells. Our previous study has shown the selective expression/localization of EFA6D in steroidogenic adrenocortical cells in situ of adult mice. In view of the previous finding, the present study was undertaken to examine its localization in mouse Leydig cells representing another steroidogenic cell species in order to further support the possible involvement of the EFA6/Arf6 cascade via membrane trafficking in the regulation of steroidogenesis and/or secretion. A distinct band for EFA6D with the same size as that of the brain was detected in the testis of adult mice. In immuno-light microscopy, immunoreactivity for EFA6D was seen throughout the cytoplasm in most Leydig cells without any distinct accumulation along the plasmalemma. Lack of immunoreactivity for EFA6D was seen in the seminiferous tubular epithelium. In immuno-electron microscopy, the immune-labeling was seen in sporadic/focal patterns on plasma membranes and some vesicles and vacuoles subjacent to the plasma membranes. More constant and rather predominant is the labeling on numerous mitochondria. No immuno-labeling was seen in lipid droplets. The present study suggests that EFA6D is somehow involved in regulation of the synthesis and/or secretion of testosterone through the membrane-traffic by activation of Arf6. In addition, EFA6D is suggested to play in mitochondria some yet unidentified roles rather independent of Arf6-activation, which remains to be elucidated.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.009
  • Evaluating the effect of three newly approved overactive bladder syndrome
           treating agents on parotid and submandibular salivary glands: Modulation
           of CXCL10 expression
    • Authors: Basma Emad Aboulhoda; Eid Nassar Ali
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Basma Emad Aboulhoda, Eid Nassar Ali
      Background Despite enormous progresses in understanding pathophysiology of the lower urinary tract, antimuscarinics remain the chief clinically well-established approach for improving symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). Dry mouth on the other hand remains one of the most untolerated systemic side effects of these drugs that limits their uses and results in high discontinuation rate. Three novel drugs have been recently approved by US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of OAB: trospium, darifenacin, and solifenacin. Aims This study has been conducted to provide clear head to head comparative studying of histological and ultrastructural effect of those newly emerging drugs on parotid and submandibular salivary glands and to demonstrate the differential expression of CXCL10 to make a cogent structural and molecular assessment of the relative tolerability of these drugs and the potential mechanisms of occurrence of dry mouth. Methods Fifty male Sprague Dawley rats were equally divided into five groups: Group I (control), Group II (oxybutynin-treated), Group III (trospium-treated), Group IV (darifenacin-treated) and Group V (solifenacin-treated). Histological and ultrastructural studies were performed on parotid and submandibular glands. Measurement of salivary flow, PCR analysis and immunohistochemical assessment of CXCL10 expression have been carried-out. Results Muscarinic receptor antagonists led to various histological, morphometric and ultrastructural changes together with diminished salivary secretion and up-regulation of CXCL10 expression with the mildest alterations observed with solifenacin. Conclusions Solifenacin has shown the least adverse effects to salivary glands. CXCL10 is involved in degenerative changes of salivary glands induced by muscarinic antagonists.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.008
  • Localization of orexin B and orexin-2 receptor in the rat epididymis
    • Authors: Giovanna Liguori; Simona Tafuri; Chika Miyoshi; Masashi Yanagisawa; Caterina Squillacioti; Valeria De Pasquale; Nicola Mirabella; Alfredo Vittoria; Anna Costagliola
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Giovanna Liguori, Simona Tafuri, Chika Miyoshi, Masashi Yanagisawa, Caterina Squillacioti, Valeria De Pasquale, Nicola Mirabella, Alfredo Vittoria, Anna Costagliola
      The peptides orexin A (OXA) and orexin B (OXB) derived from the proteolytic cleavage of a common precursor molecule, prepro-orexin, were originally described in the rat hypothalamus. Successively, they have been found in many other brain regions as well as in peripheral organs of mammals and other less evolved animals. The widespread localization of orexins accounts for the multiple activities that they exert in the body, including the regulation of energy homeostasis, feeding, metabolism, sleep and arousal, stress, addiction, and cardiovascular and endocrine functions. Both OXA and OXB peptides bind to two G-coupled receptors, orexin-1 (OX1R) and orexin-2 (OX2R) receptor, though with different binding affinity. Altered expression/activity of orexins and their receptors has been associated with a large number of human diseases. Though at present evidence highlighted a role for orexins and cognate receptors in mammalian reproduction, their central and/or local effects on gonadal functions remain poorly known. Here, we investigated the localization of OXB and OX2R in the rat epididymis. Immunohistochemical staining of sections from caput, corpus and cauda segments of the organ showed intense signals for both OXB and OX2R in the principal cells of the lining epithelium, while no staining was detected in the other cell types. Negative results were obtained from immunohistochemical analysis of hypothalamic and testicular tissues from OX2R knock-out mice (OX2R−/−) and OX1R/OX2R double knock-out (OX1R−/−; OX2R−/−) mice, thus demonstrating the specificity of the rabbit polyclonal anti-OX2R antibody used in our study. On contrary, the same antibody clearly showed the presence of OX2R in sections from hypothalamus and testis of normal mice and rats which are well known to express the receptor. Thus, our results provide the first definite evidence for the immunohistochemical localization of OXB and OX2R in the principal cells of rat epididymis.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.011
  • Elements of molecular machinery of GABAergic signaling in the vertebrate
           cholinergic neuromuscular junction
    • Authors: Leniz F. Nurullin; Evgeny E. Nikolsky; Artem I. Malomouzh
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Leniz F. Nurullin, Evgeny E. Nikolsky, Artem I. Malomouzh
      It is generally accepted that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a signaling molecule abundant in central synapses. In a number of studies though, it has been shown that GABA signaling functions in the peripheral nervous system as well, in particular, in the synapses of sympathetic ganglia. However, there exists no firm evidence on the presence of GABAergic signaling cascade in the intercellular junctions of the somatic nerve system. By the use of immunohistochemistry methods, in the synaptic area of cholinergic neuromuscular contact in rat diaphragm, we have detected glutamate decarboxylase, the enzyme involved in synthesis of GABA, molecules of GABA, and also GAT-2, a protein responsible for transmembrane transport of GABA. Earlier we have also shown that metabotropic GABAB receptors have overlapping localization in the same compartment. Moreover, activation of GABAB receptors affects the intensity of acetylcholine release. These data taken together, allows us to suggest that in the mammalian cholinergic neuromuscular junction, GABA is synthesized and performs certain synaptic signaling function.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.003
  • Sinusoidal hemangioma and intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia:
           Interrelated processes that share a histogenetic piecemeal angiogenic
    • Authors: Lucio Díaz-Flores; Ricardo Gutiérrez; M.ª Pino García; M. González-Gómez; Francisco J. Sáez; Lucio Díaz-Flores; José Luis Carrasco; Juan F. Madrid
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Lucio Díaz-Flores, Ricardo Gutiérrez, M.ª Pino García, M. González-Gómez, Francisco J. Sáez, Lucio Díaz-Flores, José Luis Carrasco, Juan F. Madrid
      Sinusoidal hemangioma, characterized by interconnecting thin-walled vascular spaces, may present papillae/pseudo-papillae and zones that resemble intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH). Our objectives are to explore the existence of zones in IPEH with sinusoidal hemangioma characteristics, the mechanism of papillary and septa formation in sinusoidal hemangioma and the comparison of this mechanism with that in IPEH. For these purposes, specimens of 4 cases of each entity were selected and studied by serial histologic sections and by immunochemistry and immunofluorescence procedures. The results showed a) zones with characteristics of sinusoidal hemangioma in IPEH cases, b) presence in both entities of papillae with a cover formed by a monolayer of CD34+ and CD31+ endothelial cells (ECs) and a core formed by either type I collagen and αSMA+ cells (presenting a pericyte/smooth muscle cell aspect) or thrombotic components, and c) a similar piecemeal angiogenic mechanism in papillary formation, including sprouting of intimal ECs toward the vessel wall itself or intravascular thrombi, formation of vascular loops that encircle and separate vessel wall or thrombus components, and parietal or thrombotic papillae development. The major differences between both entities were the number, arrangement and substrate of papillae: myriad, densely grouped, parietal and thrombotic papillae in IPEH, and a linear arrangement of predominant parietal papillae in sinusoidal hemangioma, originating septa (segmentation). In conclusion, sinusoidal hemangioma and IPEH are interrelated processes, which share morphologic findings and a piecemeal angiogenic mechanism, combining sprouting and intussusceptive angiogenesis, and leading to papillary formation and vessel segmentation.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.007
  • Deletion of Thioredoxin-interacting protein ameliorates high fat
           diet-induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis through modulation of Toll-like
           receptor 2-NLRP3-inflammasome axis: Histological and immunohistochemical
    • Authors: Islam N. Mohamed; Nahla Reda Sarhan; Mohamed Ahmed Eladl; Azza B. El-Remessy; Mohamed El-Sherbiny
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Islam N. Mohamed, Nahla Reda Sarhan, Mohamed Ahmed Eladl, Azza B. El-Remessy, Mohamed El-Sherbiny
      Endemic prevalence of obesity is associated with alarming increases in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with limited available therapeutics. Toll-like receptor2 (TLR2) and Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) Inflammasome are implicated in hepatic steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis; the histological landmark stages of NASH. TXNIP, a member of α-arrestin family activates NLRP3 in response to various danger stimuli. The aim of current work was to investigate the effect of TXNIP genetic deletion on histological manifestations of high fat diet-induced steatohepatitis and activation of TLR2-NLRP3-inflammasome axis. Wild-type mice (WT) and TXNIP knock out (TKO) littermates were randomized to normal diet (WT-ND and TKO-ND) or high fat diet (HFD, 60% fat) (WT-HFD and TKO-HFD). After 8-weeks, liver samples from all groups were evaluated by histological, immunohistochemical and western blot analysis. HFD resulted in significant induction of micro and macrovesicular hepatic steatosis, that was associated with increased inflammatory immune cell infiltration in WT-HFD compared with WT-ND and TKO-ND controls, but not in TKO-HFD group. In parallel, WT-HFD group showed significant fibrosis and α-SMA expression; a marker of pro-fibrotic stellate-cell activation, in areas surrounding the central vein and portal circulation, versus all other groups. Western blot revealed increased activation of TLR2-NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and downstream IL-1β and TNFα in WT-HFD group, but not in TKO-HFD group. IL-1β expression coincided within the same areas of steatosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen deposition and α-SMA expression in WT-HFD mice, that was significantly reduced in TKO-HFD mice. In conclusion, TXNIP deletion ameliorates the HFD-induced steatosis, inflammatory and fibrotic response via modulation of TLR2-NLRP3 inflammasome axis. Targeting TXNIP-TLR2-NLRP3 pathway may provide potential therapeutic modalities for NASH treatment.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.006
  • Non-competitive antagonists of NMDA and AMPA receptors decrease
           seizure-induced c-fos protein expression in the cerebellum and protect
           against seizure symptoms in adult rats
    • Authors: Adrienne
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Zoltán Tóth, András Mihály, Adrienne Mátyás, Beáta Krisztin-Péva
      The aim of the present study was to examine the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the cerebellum during generalized seizures. Epileptic neuronal activation was evaluated through the immunohistochemical detection of c-fos protein in the cerebellar cortex. Generalized seizures were precipitated by the intraperitoneal injection of 4-aminopyridine. The animals were pretreated with the NMDA receptor antagonists MK-801 (2 mg/kg), amantadine (50 mg/kg), and the AMPA receptor antagonist GYKI 52466 hydrochloride (50 mg/kg). Two hours after 4-aminopyridine injection, the number of c-fos immunostained cell nuclei was counted in serial immunohistochemical sections of the cerebellar vermis. The number of c-fos immunostained cell nuclei in the granular layer decreased significantly in animals pretreated with the glutamate receptor antagonists compared to the untreated animals having convulsion. We can conclude that mossy fiber stimulation exerts its seizure-generating action mainly through the ionotropic glutamate receptors of the mossy fiber synapses. Both NMDA and AMPA receptor antagonists are effective in reducing glutamate-mediated postsynaptic effects in the cerebellar cortex.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
  • Subchronic exposure to acrylamide leads to pancreatic islet remodeling
           determined by alpha cell expansion and beta cell mass reduction in adult
    • Authors: Milena Stošić; Milica Matavulj; Jelena Marković
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Milena Stošić, Milica Matavulj, Jelena Marković
      Acrylamide (AA) is a toxic substance, used to synthesize polymers for industrial and laboratory processes. Also, AA is a food contaminant formed during the high temperature preparation of carbohydrate-rich food. The main subject of this study was to examine effects of subchronic AA treatment on the islets of Langerhans of adult rats. Adult male Wistar rats were orally treated with 25 or 50 mg/kg bw of AA for 3 weeks. Qualitative and quantitative immunohistochemical evaluation of glucagon and insulin expression and stereological analyses of pancreatic alpha and beta cells were performed. Serum insulin and glucose levels were measured. Analysis of glucagon-immunostained sections revealed a dose-dependent increase of intensity of glucagon immunopositive signal, alpha cell surface and numerical densities, volume density of alpha cell nuclei and nucleocytoplasmic ratio in AA-treated groups compared to the control. In insulin-immunolabeled pancreatic sections in AA-treated animals was observed decrease of intensity of insulin immunopositive signal, beta cell surface, numerical and volume densities and volume density of beta cell cytoplasm. Serum insulin and glucose concentrations remained unchanged after both AA treatments. The number of islets of Langerhans was not affected by AA treatment. Our results suggest that AA subchronic treatment of adult rats leads to remodeling of islet of Langerhans characterized by alpha cell expansion and beta cell mass reduction.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.002
  • Expression patterns of claudin-5 and its related signals during luteal
           regression in pseudopregnant rats: The enhanced effect of additional PGF
    • Authors: Lina Qi; Jingle Jiang; Pengjin Jin; Meiqian Kuang; Quanwei Wei; Fangxiong Shi; Dagan Mao
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Lina Qi, Jingle Jiang, Pengjin Jin, Meiqian Kuang, Quanwei Wei, Fangxiong Shi, Dagan Mao
      To study the expression patterns of claudin-5 and its related signals during luteal regression in rats, a sequential PMSG/hCG treatment paradigm was used to obtain a single, well-defined generation of corpus luteum (CL). A total of 35 rats were treated with one PGF or two PGF at an interval of 24 h from day 7 of pseudopregnancy to induce CL regression. Serum and ovaries were collected at 0, 2, 4, 8 or 24 h after one PGF injection (1 PGF), 2 or 24 h after two PGF injections (2 PGF). The serum progesterone level was detected by RIA; the ovarian expression of claudin-5, the phosphorylations of STAT3 (p-STAT3), Akt (p-Akt), ERK1/2 (p-ERK) and p38 MAPK (p-p38) were detected by western blot, real-time PCR and IHC. Results showed that serum progesterone (P4) decreased after PGF treatment. Claudin-5 mRNA decreased at 4 h and 8 h after 1 PGF and 2 h after 2 PGF, and claudin-5 protein decreased at 4 h after 1 PGF. p-STAT3 increased at 4 h after 1 PGF and 2 h after 2 PGF. p-ERK increased at 2 h after 2 PGF. The level of p-Akt decreased at 4 h after 1 PGF. PGF treatment did not alter the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK at any time points in this study. IHC results revealed that claudin-5 was expressed in the nuclei and cytoplasm of steroidogenic cells and in the vessels, while PGF induced-p-STAT3 was expressed uniformly in the cytoplasm of luteal steroidogenic cells. In conclusion, PGF treatment decreased the expression of claudin-5 and the additional PGF treatment enhanced the decrease in claudin-5 mRNA expression and the increases in ERK1/2 and STAT3 phosphorylation in the corpus luteum of pseudopregnant rats, which will contribute new information to the further study of molecular mechanism of luteal regression.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.02.001
  • Growth factors FGF8 and FGF2 and their receptor FGFR1, transcriptional
           factors Msx-1 and MSX-2, and apoptotic factors p19 and RIP5 participate in
           the early human limb development
    • Authors: Tina Becic; Darko Kero; Katarina Vukojevic; Snjezana Mardesic; Mirna Saraga-Babic
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Tina Becic, Darko Kero, Katarina Vukojevic, Snjezana Mardesic, Mirna Saraga-Babic
      The expression pattern of fibroblast growth factors FGF8 and FGF2 and their receptor FGFR1, transcription factors MSX-1 and MSX-2, as well as cell proliferation (Ki-67) and cell death associated caspase-3, p19 and RIP5 factors were analyzed in histological sections of eight 4th-9th-weeks developing human limbs by immunohistochemistry and semi-thin sectioning. Increasing expression of all analyzed factors (except FGF8) characterized both the multilayered human apical ectodermal ridge (AER), sub-ridge mesenchyme (progress zone) and chondrocytes in developing human limbs. While cytoplasmic co-expression of MSX-1 and MSX-2 was observed in both limb epithelium and mesenchyme, p19 displayed strong cytoplasmic expression in non-proliferating cells. Nuclear expression of Ki-67 proliferating cells, and partly of MSX-1 and MSX-2 was detected in the whole limb primordium. Strong expression of factors p19 and RIP5, both in the AER and mesenchyme of human developing limbs indicates their possible involvement in control of cell senescence and cell death. In contrast to animal studies, expression of FGFR1 in the surface ectoderm and p19 in the whole limb primordium might reflect interspecies differences in limb morphology. Expression of FGF2 and downstream RIP5 gene, and transcription factors Msx-1 and MSX-2 did not show human-specific changes in expression pattern. Based on their spatio-temporal expression during human limb development, our study indicates role of FGFs and Msx genes in stimulation of cell proliferation, limb outgrowth, digit elongation and separation, and additionally MSX-2 in control of vasculogenesis. The cascade of orchestrated gene expressions, including the analyzed developmental factors, jointly contribute to the complex human limb development.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.01.008
  • Expression profile of polycomb group proteins in odontogenic keratocyst
           and ameloblastoma
    • Authors: Puangwan Lapthanasupkul; Rachai Juengsomjit; Sopee Poomsawat; Tawepong Arayapisit
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Puangwan Lapthanasupkul, Rachai Juengsomjit, Sopee Poomsawat, Tawepong Arayapisit
      Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are repressive chromatin modifiers required for proliferation and development. PcG proteins form two large repressive complexes, namely, Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 and 2. These proteins have been shown to drive tumorigenesis by repressing cell-type specific sets of target genes. Using immunohistochemistry, we investigated the expression patterns of five human PcG proteins, including Bmi-1, Ring1b, Mel-18, Ezh2, and Suz12, in various cellular components of odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs), ameloblastomas and, pericoronal follicles (PFs). In OKCs, expression of PcG proteins were found in the majority of cases while the expression pattern was relatively different for each PcG proteins. All PcG proteins were strongly expressed in the basal cells while some proteins showed variable expression in the parabasal and luminal cell layer of OKCs. In ameloblastomas, almost all PcG proteins showed a similar expression pattern of moderate to strong staining in the peripheral ameloblast-like cells and metaplastic squamous cells. Some of the central stellate reticulum-like cells also showed positive reaction to most PcG proteins. In PFs, most PcG proteins were intensely expressed in odontogenic epithelium lining the follicles, except Mel-18 and Suz12. The present study provides the initial evidence regarding epigenetic involvement by PcG proteins in these odontogenic lesions. Although these proteins are known to be in the same repressive group proteins, differential expression patterns of these proteins in OKCs and ameloblastomas indicates that these proteins may play different roles in pathogenesis of these odontogenic lesions.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.01.009
  • Apelin/APJ expression in the heart and kidneys of hypertensive rats
    • Authors: Rahime Sekerci; Nuray Acar; Filiz Tepekoy; Ismail Ustunel; Nigar Keles-Celik
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Rahime Sekerci, Nuray Acar, Filiz Tepekoy, Ismail Ustunel, Nigar Keles-Celik
      Hypertension is an important health problem that is manifested by systemic arterial blood pressure being permanently elevated and leading to serious complications. Hypertension is the basis for coronary heart diseases, heart failure, kidney damage, cerebrovascular diseases. Due to ethical concerns, there is no detailed study of the mechanism, side effects and treatment of hypertension in humans. For this reason, specific studies related to the organ of hypertension are performed in experimental animals. The heart and kidney tissue, which are the most important organs that hypertension has damaged, have formed specific organs of our work. In our experimental study, a total of 35 (hypertensive group: 20, control group: 15) Rattus Norvegicus Wistar albino rats were used. In order to obtain our hypertension model, our experimental animals were given L-NAME together with drinking water for six weeks. After six weeks, the experimental procedures were terminated. Heart and kidney tissues of the hypertensive and control group were obtained. Expression of apelin and apelin receptor (APJ) was demonstrated by immunohistochemical and Western Blot protocols. Hypertrophic cardiac atrium of the hearts of the large cavities, interventricular septum and myocardium to the disintegration, as well as an increase in the diameter of the coronary artery has been observed. In general, kidney tissues of the hypertensive group showed narrowing in cortical renal structures and enlargement in structures in the renal medulla. As a result, in hypertensive cases, there was an increase in expression of Apelin and APJ receptor in heart tissue, and a decrease in expression of Apelin and APJ receptor in kidney tissue. We think that our findings may contribute to experimental or clinical studies related to hypertension and apelin.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.01.007
  • The MTT-formazan assay: Complementary technical approaches and in vivo
           validation in Drosophila larvae
    • Authors: Raquel Pascua-Maestro; Miriam Corraliza-Gomez; Sergio Diez-Hermano; Candido Perez-Segurado; María D. Ganfornina; Diego Sanchez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Raquel Pascua-Maestro, Miriam Corraliza-Gomez, Sergio Diez-Hermano, Candido Perez-Segurado, María D. Ganfornina, Diego Sanchez
      The MTT assay was the first widely accepted method to assess cytotoxicity and cell viability. However, there is controversy on whether this indicator is a useful tool. In this work we intend to expand the interpretability of the MTT study by its combination with widely used cellular biology techniques. We propose complementary approaches to the colorimetric assay, based on the use of measurements in three different settings: confocal microscopy, multi-well plate assay and flow cytometry. Using confocal microscopy, we confirmed that MTT uptake and reduction by cells is a time-dependent process, and that formazan accumulates in round-shaped organelles. Quantitative measurements with a multi-well fluorimeter combined with nuclear staining result in a useful method, yielding a ratio between formazan production and cell number that informs about the average cell metabolic state. We also found that flow cytometry is a suitable technique to measure MTT reduction in large cell populations. When assaying the effect of an oxidizing agent such as paraquat (PQ), this approach allows for the distinction of subpopulations of cells with different reducing power. Finally, we prove that it is feasible to monitor MTT reduction in an in vivo model, the Drosophila larvae, without affecting its survival rate. Formazan accumulates exclusively in the larval fat body, confirming its lipid solubility. The methods explored in this work expand the MTT potential as a useful tool to provide information of the physiological state of cells and organisms.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.01.006
  • Dystrophin 71 and α1syntrophin in morpho-functional plasticity of rat
           supraoptic nuclei: Effect of saline surcharge and reversibly normal
    • Authors: Madina Sifi; Roza Benabdesselam; Sabrina Souttou; Tiziana Annese; Alvaro Rendon; Beatrice Nico; Latifa Dorbani-Mamine
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Acta Histochemica
      Author(s): Madina Sifi, Roza Benabdesselam, Sabrina Souttou, Tiziana Annese, Alvaro Rendon, Beatrice Nico, Latifa Dorbani-Mamine
      Dystrophin (Dp) is a multidomain protein that links the actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix through the dystrophin associated proteins complex (DAPC). Dp of 71 kDa (Dp71), corresponding to the COOH-terminal domain of dystrophin, and α1-syntrophin (α1Syn) as the principal component of the DAPC, are strongly expressed in the brain. To clarify their involvement in the central control of osmotic homeostasis, we investigated the effect of 14 days of salt loading (with drinking water containing 2% NaCl) and then reversibly to 30 days of normal hydration (with drinking water without salt), first on the expression by western-blotting and the distribution by immunochemistry of Dp71 and α1Syn in the SON of the rat and, second, on the level of some physiological parameters, as the plasma osmolality, natremia and hematocrit. Dp71 is the most abundant form of dystrophin revealed in the supraoptic nucleu (SON) of control rat. Dp71 was localized in magnocellular neurons (MCNs) and astrocytes, when α1Syn was observed essentially in astrocytes end feet. After 14 days of salt-loading, Dp71 and α1Syn signals decreased and a dual signal for these two proteins was revealed in the astrocytes processes SON surrounding blood capillaries. In addition, salt loading leads to an increase in plasma osmolality, natremia and hematocrit. Reversibly, after 30 days of normal hydration, the intensity of the signal for the two proteins, Dp71 and α1Syn, increased and approached that of control. Furtheremore, the levels of the physiological parameters decreased and approximated those of control. This suggests that Dp71 and α1Syn may be involved in the functional activity of the SON. Their localization in astrocyte end feet emphasizes their importance in neuronal–vascular–astrocyte interactions for the central detection of osmolality. In the SON, Dp71 and α1Syn may be involved in osmosensitivity.

      PubDate: 2018-03-19T08:55:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2018.01.004
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