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Publisher: Elsevier   (Total: 3048 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 3048 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.402, h-index: 51)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.008, h-index: 75)
Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.109, h-index: 94)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 27)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.515, h-index: 90)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 361, SJR: 0.726, h-index: 43)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.02, h-index: 104)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 29)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Free   (SJR: 0.123, h-index: 8)
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.604, h-index: 38)
Acta Materialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 226, SJR: 3.683, h-index: 202)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.615, h-index: 21)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 21)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.915, h-index: 53)
Acta Otorrinolaringologica (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 16)
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.365, h-index: 73)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access  
Acta Tropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.059, h-index: 77)
Acta Urológica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 19)
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Actualites Pharmaceutiques Hospitalieres     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 2)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acute Pain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.967, h-index: 57)
Addictive Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.514, h-index: 92)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Additive Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 5)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135, SJR: 5.2, h-index: 222)
Advanced Engineering Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.265, h-index: 53)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.739, h-index: 33)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.299, h-index: 15)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.071, h-index: 82)
Advances in Anesthesia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.169, h-index: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Applied Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.054, h-index: 35)
Advances in Applied Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.801, h-index: 26)
Advances in Applied Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 49)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 3.31, h-index: 42)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.277, h-index: 43)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.619, h-index: 48)
Advances in Cancer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.215, h-index: 78)
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 30)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.139, h-index: 42)
Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 23)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 29)
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.268, h-index: 45)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 33)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 130)
Advances in Computers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 22)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44, SJR: 3.25, h-index: 43)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.486, h-index: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 5.465, h-index: 64)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.674, h-index: 38)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.558, h-index: 54)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 20)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 24)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.497, h-index: 31)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 27)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 4.152, h-index: 85)
Advances in Inorganic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.132, h-index: 42)
Advances in Insect Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 27)
Advances in Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Intl. Accounting     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 15)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.645, h-index: 45)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.261, h-index: 65)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 25)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.44, h-index: 51)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.324, h-index: 8)
Advances in Nanoporous Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Oncobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.885, h-index: 45)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 11)
Advances in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.37, h-index: 73)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 28)
Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.718, h-index: 58)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 26)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 11)
Advances in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Plant Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.5, h-index: 62)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.478, h-index: 32)
Advances in Radiation Oncology     Open Access  
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 361, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 65)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.823, h-index: 27)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.321, h-index: 56)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.878, h-index: 68)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.408, h-index: 94)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 22)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 327, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 49)
AEU - Intl. J. of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 36)
African J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 6)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.289, h-index: 78)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 413, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 72)
Agri Gene     Hybrid Journal  
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.18, h-index: 116)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.275, h-index: 74)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.546, h-index: 79)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access  
Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.879, h-index: 120)
Ain Shams Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.434, h-index: 14)
Air Medical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 18)
AKCE Intl. J. of Graphs and Combinatorics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.285, h-index: 3)
Alcohol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 66)
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Alergologia Polska : Polish J. of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 12)
Alexandria J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algal Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.05, h-index: 20)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 29)
Allergology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.776, h-index: 35)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.121, h-index: 9)
ALTER - European J. of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.158, h-index: 9)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.289, h-index: 64)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.157, h-index: 153)
American J. of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.063, h-index: 186)
American J. of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 65)
American J. of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 45)
American J. of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.653, h-index: 93)
American J. of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 8.769, h-index: 256)
American J. of Infection Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.259, h-index: 81)
American J. of Kidney Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.313, h-index: 172)
American J. of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 2.023, h-index: 189)
American J. of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 2.255, h-index: 171)
American J. of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.803, h-index: 148)
American J. of Ophthalmology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.249, h-index: 88)
American J. of Otolaryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 45)
American J. of Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.653, h-index: 228)
American J. of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.764, h-index: 154)
American J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.286, h-index: 125)
American J. of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.653, h-index: 70)
Ampersand : An Intl. J. of General and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.066, h-index: 51)
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 27)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.104, h-index: 3)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.577, h-index: 7)
Analytica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.548, h-index: 152)
Analytical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 154)
Analytical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 2)
Analytical Spectroscopy Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anesthésie & Réanimation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anesthesiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 40)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.124, h-index: 9)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access  
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 1.907, h-index: 126)

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Journal Cover Advances in Molecular Toxicology
  [SJR: 0.324]   [H-I: 8]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1872-0854
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3048 journals]
  • Chapter One A New Theory of Chemically Induced Tumorigenesis
    • Authors: K.T. Bogen
      Pages: 1 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): K.T. Bogen
      The somatic mutation theory of tumorigenesis predicts that increased tumor risks posed by chronic, low-level exposures to mutagenic chemical carcinogens have linear-no-threshold low-dose dose–response (LDDR) relationships. A recently proposed alternative, dysregulated adaptive hyperplasia (DAH) theory does not imply this expectation, positing instead that tissue-specific tumors arise most efficiently only from a(ny) stem cell that (i) happens to be “activated” epigenetically (via a specific microRNA expression profile) to initiate and maintain a state of adaptive hyperplasia (AH) and (ii) additionally incurs a single, dysregulating mutation preventing transduction of the signal that normally terminates AH in that tissue (Bogen, 2013). Accumulating data support the hypothesis that sustained oxidative stress associated with elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) triggers Keap1–Nrf2–ARE-mediated AH-stem-cell recruitment. Because Nrf2 activation is here demonstrated to have an unambiguously J-shaped LDDR, Nrf2 activation (even by chemical mutagens) could drive DAH-induced tumorigenesis. If so, despite experimental or epidemiologic evidence of increased tumor risk at higher doses, an Nrf2-driven DAH mechanism implies that sufficiently low-level chronic exposures to (even mutagenic) chemical carcinogens may typically increase tumor risk with a highly sublinear or threshold-like LDDR. This “Nrf2-DAH” theory is discussed in relation to key underlying concepts (stem cells, ROS, the Keap1–Nrf2–ARE pathway, inflammation, and autophagy), as well as experimental data that bear on this theory's plausibility and on its LDDR implications.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00001-5
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Two Metabolic Activation and Toxicities of Furanoterpenoids
    • Authors: H. Li; Y. Peng; J. Zheng
      Pages: 55 - 97
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): H. Li, Y. Peng, J. Zheng
      This chapter introduces the bioactivation and toxicity of furanoterpenoids, particularly their hepatotoxicity. It starts with a brief description of biosynthesis of furanoterpenoids, followed by mechanisms of metabolic activation of furan-containing compounds and the interactions of reactive metabolites of furanoids with proteins. A total of five furanoterpenoids, i.e., 4-ipomeanol, teucrin A, diosbulbin B, 8-epidiosbulbin E acetate, and toosendanin, are discussed as examples. The chapter covers (1) the natural source and toxicities of the furanoterpenoids; (2) identification of reactive metabolites and major cytochromes P450 involved in the metabolic activation of the furan-containing compounds; and (3) protein modifications induced by the reactive metabolites of the furanoids. It also describes a newly developed approach to screen potentially harmful furan-containing compounds from complicated mixtures.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00002-7
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Three Cytoprotective Role of Dietary Phytochemicals Against Cancer
           Development via Induction of Phase II and Antioxidant Enzymes
    • Authors: A.G. Osman; A.G. Chittiboyina; I.A. Khan
      Pages: 99 - 137
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): A.G. Osman, A.G. Chittiboyina, I.A. Khan
      Cancer poses a lingering health threat to the humans which is attributable to the shortage in availability of efficient curative agents. Several lines of epidemiological evidence as well as substantive in vivo and in vitro investigations have led to the emergence of the chemoprevention/cytoprotection concept. This principle denotes cell protection against development of cancer (carcinogenesis) through the regular intake of sufficient amounts of vegetables and fruits as these contain a myriad of phytochemicals which are discerned as the putative chemopreventive substances in plants. Alternatively, purified phytochemicals can be administered in daily doses. These plant constituents act by elevating the activity and/or increasing the gene expression of phase II detoxification enzymes and the antioxidant enzymes, collectively known as the cytoprotective enzymes. The first class of enzymes are capable of neutralizing the reactive electrophiles and the carcinogens via formation of water-soluble conjugates that are rapidly eliminated from the cells and excreted. The antioxidative enzymes act as scavengers for the reactive oxygen species and thus abrogate the oxidative stress which is a predisposition for carcinogenesis. Chemopreventive phytochemicals have been found among polyphenols and isothiocyanates, beside other phytochemical classes, including monophenolic acids, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and triterpenes.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00003-9
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Five Airborne Toxic Pollutants
    • Authors: N.A. Saliba; J. Nassar; F. Hussein; D. El Kfoury; J. Nicolas; T. El Tal; R. Baalbaki
      Pages: 187 - 233
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): N.A. Saliba, J. Nassar, F. Hussein, D. El Kfoury, J. Nicolas, T. El Tal, R. Baalbaki
      Scientific evidence has confirmed that air pollution is associated with several ailments and some particular toxic pollutants have caused cancer and death. Though anthropogenic emissions are increasing at a rate higher than data generation for hazard assessment, there is a lag in developing air quality regulations especially in developing countries. This chapter reviews the characteristics of some of the human carcinogens from VOC and SVOC chemical groups and PMs. It gives an in-depth look at the recent advances in the nano-PM size characterization and health studies and highlights the need for more studies to elucidate the mechanism that drives the toxicity of nanoparticles toward different organisms. This chapter also shows how scientific data can be put to use to estimate risk assessment and derive environmental laws that protect the public health. A look at the process led to proposing an environmental risk management system plausible for developing countries.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00005-2
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Six Novel DNA Cross-Linking Reagents
    • Authors: Heli Fan; Xiaohua Peng
      Pages: 235 - 292
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): Heli Fan, Xiaohua Peng
      DNA interstrand cross-links (ICLs) are the sources of the cytotoxicity of many anticancer agents. DNA cross-linking agents are used as anticancer agents, for DNA damage and repair study, for nucleic acid detection, and for construction of DNA nanomaterials. This chapter summarizes various novel methods and chemical reagents recently developed for inducing DNA ICL formation, the mechanisms involved for DNA cross-linking, and their applications. It starts by presenting photoinduced DNA ICL formation via [2+2] cycloaddition reaction, quinone methide, or carbocation formation. It then discusses novel DNA cross-linking agents activated by various chemical agents, including the arylboronate or boronic acid derivatives activated by hydrogen peroxide, silyl-protected bifunctional phenol derivatives triggered by fluoride, and phenyl selenides or furan analogs activated by oxidation reagents. General mechanisms involved formation of alkylating species, including quinone methide, nitrogen mustard, methide analogs, and enal formation. Enzyme-activated DNA cross-linking agents and their application for targeting cancer cells are also explained. By the end of the chapter, DNA ICL formation induced by “click” chemistry is highlighted.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00006-4
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Seven Toxicology of DNA Adducts Formed Upon Human Exposure to
           Carcinogens
    • Authors: K.A. Wilson; R.W. Kung; S.D. Wetmore
      Pages: 293 - 360
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): K.A. Wilson, R.W. Kung, S.D. Wetmore
      Carcinogens arising from many sources (e.g., industrial agents, agricultural contaminants, environmental pollutants, food products, and medications) are known to attach to DNA to form nucleobase adducts. Experimental studies have shown that the chemical composition and biological consequences of these DNA lesions are widespread. This review highlights the judicious use of a range of computer modeling approaches to study previously unexplored molecular details of the cellular effects of DNA adducts and thereby aid our understanding of their toxicology. Emphasis is placed on the role of calculations in elucidating the structural implications of DNA adduct formation, as well as interactions between adducted DNA and critical cellular machinery (including enzymes involved in DNA replication and repair).

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00007-6
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Eight Modulation of Epigenetics by Environmental Toxic Molecules
    • Authors: S. Swagatika; R.S. Tomar
      Pages: 361 - 389
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): S. Swagatika, R.S. Tomar
      Many studies have demonstrated the significance of epigenetics in response to external and internal perturbations. Chromatin-associated transcription factors, posttranslational modifications that are also called epigenetic modifications of histone proteins and DNA, variants of histones, microRNAs, and ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling factors are the key epigenetic changes that regulate fundamental DNA-dependent biological processes. Disruption of epigenetic mechanisms is a major cause of diseases. Epigenetic-based therapies for the treatment of cancer and neurological disorders have also been started in clinical trials. Environment exposure has a great impact on modulation of epigenetics. Here in this review we describe the role of known epigenetic changes and discuss the consequences in response to toxic environmental molecules. Although the mechanism of epigenetic regulations is a complex process, due to advances in gene expression mechanisms, many molecules for modulation of epigenetics will hopefully be available for clinical use in the coming years.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-804700-2.00008-8
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2017)
       
  • Chapter Four Computational Chemistry in Predictive Toxicology
    • Authors: Kostal
      Abstract: Publication date: 2016
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 10
      Author(s): J. Kostal
      This chapter outlines state-of-the art computational chemistry techniques that can be used to develop mechanistic descriptors for predictive models. For the reader to gain appreciation for the complexity of these calculations and to promote responsible usage of available computational software, basic principles of computational theory are presented along with simple guidelines for the nonexpert user. This chapter is organized around categorization of modeling approaches by level of theory (i.e., amount of rigor in the computational approach) and system size (i.e., extent of the biochemical system modeled). Simple examples are used throughout the text to illustrate the applicability of the outlined computational approaches to specific toxicological studies. Lastly, current practices in computational toxicology are contrasted with the concept of safer chemical design, and computational strategies are presented that can aid in de novo design of chemicals with minimal biological activity.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T17:37:35Z
       
  • Chapter One Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals with Estrogenicity Posing the
           Risk of Cancer Progression in Estrogen-Responsive Organs
    • Authors: Kyung-A. Hwang; Kyung-Chul Choi
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): Kyung-A. Hwang, Kyung-Chul Choi
      Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are natural or synthetic compounds present in the environment, which can interfere with hormone synthesis and normal physiological functions of male and female reproductive organs. Most EDCs tend to bind to steroid hormone receptors including the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, and androgen receptor. As EDCs disrupt the actions of endogenous hormones, they may induce abnormal reproduction, stimulation of cancer growth, and dysfunction of neuronal and immune systems. Especially, xenoestrogens are classified as EDCs that have estrogenic activity and disrupt normal estrogen signaling mediated by ERs, and they have been emerging as another risk factor for estrogen-responsive cancers. In addition, phytoestrogens, which are biologically active phenolic compounds derived from plants and have structures similar to the principal mammalian estrogen, are also included in xenoestrogens. In this chapter, diverse effects of several chemical xenoestrogens and phytoestrogens in estrogen-responsive cancers including breast, ovarian, endometrial, and prostate cancers will be reviewed in relation with the underlying mechanisms which are all characterized by disturbances in ERs. This review may give insight for the etiology of estrogen-responsive cancers as well as chemopreventive potentials of phytoestrogens.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter Two Molecular Mechanisms in Arsenic Toxicity
    • Authors: Walter Watson
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): Walter H. Watson
      Environmental arsenic exposure is a world-wide human health problem. Arsenic is associated with a wide range of diseases, including skin lesions, cardiovascular disease, liver disease, and cancers of the skin, lung, liver, and bladder. Metabolism of arsenic yields a variety of molecular species, each of which can have different biological effects. This review will discuss the reactivity of different chemical forms of arsenic with distinct molecular targets of toxicological relevance. A particular emphasis will be given to studies investigating the roles of arsenic–sulfur interactions in the etiology of disease.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter Three Molecular Mechanisms of Arsenic Toxicity
    • Authors: Khairul Islam; Qian Qian Wang Hua Naranmandura
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): Khairul Islam, Qian Qian Wang, Hua Naranmandura
      Arsenic is a well-known poisonous substance and classed as being carcinogenic to humans. Epidemiological studies have indicated that arsenic is able to increase risk of cancers of lung, liver, bladder, and skin in human, and more the million people are suffering from the arsenic-contaminated drinking water in the world. Current research on the metabolism and biological effects of arsenic has deeply changed our understanding of the role of metabolism in modulation of toxicity and carcinogenicity of this metalloid. Historically, the enzymatic conversion of inorganic arsenic to mono- and dimethylated species has been considered a major mechanism for detoxification of inorganic arsenic. Some experimental evidence obtained from several laboratories suggests that biomethylation, particularly the production of methylated metabolites that contain trivalent arsenic, is a process that activates arsenic as a toxin and a carcinogen. In addition, the exact dose at which arsenic species induce tumors in vivo is still a major research question. Contrastingly, arsenic has recently been recognized as one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia. These contradictory effects of arsenic may be dose-dependent, associated with its distinctive metabolism, or correlated with its direct or indirect effects on different cellular pathways which may result in altered cellular functions and therefore necessitates more scientific investigation/research. In this chapter, we have mainly clarified the molecular mechanism of toxicity of arsenic based on arsenic metabolic pathway and its different metabolites need for better understanding of paradoxical effects of arsenic.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter Four Immunomodulation by Environmental Chemicals
    • Authors: Ruchi Gera; Vikas Singh Anuj Sharma Debabrata Ghosh
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): Ruchi Gera, Vikas Singh, Anuj K. Sharma, Debabrata Ghosh
      Exposure to different environmental chemicals like arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) from natural and anthropogenic activity represents a threat to global human health. Human populations are exposed to these chemicals either through drinking water or through occupational exposure in various industries. Different organ systems are affected to varying degrees following exposure in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In this chapter, we will discuss specific human immune responses as well as immune responses of different mammalian model systems in exposure to three environmental chemicals, As, Cd, and Pb. Although there are conflicting reports about the immunotoxic potential of metals and metalloids, but in general, immunomodulatory action exerted by environmental chemicals is directly dependent on the exposure dose, route, and time. Higher concentrations exert immunosuppressive action. However, at lower concentration, immunostimulatory effects can be observed. The focus of this chapter will be on in vivo and in vitro immune responses to these environmental chemicals, but the potential mechanisms of biological effects exerted by these chemicals will also be discussed.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter Five Plant-Derived Polyphenols
    • Authors: Simona Piccolella; Severina Pacifico
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): Simona Piccolella, Severina Pacifico
      Cancer is a devastating disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Scientific research validly counteracts the onset of cancer and its resistances with a multiplicity of treatments. Healthy lifestyles and avoidance of exposure to potential carcinogens are highly recommended cancer preventive measures. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory plant-derived polyphenols, peculiarly rich in plant dietary products, are thoroughly investigated as capable of hindering carcinogenesis in its various stages. Furthermore, a growing toxicological research, mostly based on cell and animal models, is identifying polyphenols or their formulations, properly obtained from plant sources, as promising anticancer agents with chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive effectiveness. Thus, polyphenols could also be employed as protectant agents, useful in overcoming the failures of the most common anticancer treatments. This chapter provides an update of the current scientific knowledge of plant polyphenols and all their anticancer-linked properties that make them a resource in toxicology worth exploring.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter Six Molecular Mechanisms of Retinal Toxicity Induced by Light and
           Chemical Damage
    • Authors: Guadalupe Eva; Ramon Pere Garriga
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): María Guadalupe Herrera-Hernández, Eva Ramon, Pere Garriga
      In recent years, important advances have been made to decipher the multiple defense mechanisms of the retina (a highly specialized sense tissue) against several extreme conditions, such as constant exposure to systemic toxins, oxidative stress, and focused light rays. These studies have importantly contributed to improving our understanding of the principles underlying various drug- and light-induced disease processes, specifically at the eye level. When the different retinal cell layer defenses are overwhelmed by various xenobiotics, environmental agents such as pollution, cigarette smoke, or excessive light exposure, particularly high-frequency blue light and ultraviolet light, a pathological process may develop. Herein, we describe the main aspects of the structure and function of the retina in connection to some of the most relevant mechanisms which may generate retinal toxicity, and possible alternatives to counteract these effects. Furthermore, we summarize current knowledge about light-induced retinal toxicity as well as the effects of different natural and synthetic compounds on the molecular mechanisms underlying toxicity in the retina. Finally, the potential approaches undertaken to counteract these toxic effects, i.e., polyphenols and others, are discussed.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter Seven A Photochemical Approach to Fluoroquinolones Toxicity
    • Authors: Francisco Bosca
      Abstract: Publication date: 2015
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 9
      Author(s): Francisco Bosca
      Molecular mechanisms of photosensitization induced by the antibacterial drugs fluoroquinolones (FQs) on biological systems are summarized. The photoreactivity of FQs is reviewed with special emphasis on the fundamental photophysical and photochemical properties of their excited states as well as their main photodegradation pathways. The photochemical mechanisms are analyzed on the basis of product studies, fluorescence measurements, and detection of short-lived intermediates by means of laser flash photolysis. After addressing the intrinsic processes, attention is focused on the photosensitized reactions between FQs and proteins or nucleic acids as the key biomolecules involved in the described photobiological adverse side effects. The varying behavior of FQs bound to DNA or albumin compared with the behavior of the drugs in bulk aqueous conditions explains the formation of the reported lesions caused by each FQ.

      PubDate: 2015-11-09T05:02:53Z
       
  • Chapter One The Mechanistic Complexities of Phycotoxins Toxicology of
           Azaspiracids and Yessotoxins
    • Authors: Luis M. Botana; Amparo Alfonso; Carmen Vale; Natalia Vilariño; Juan Rubiolo; Eva Alonso; Eva Cagide
      Pages: 1 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 8
      Author(s): Luis M. Botana , Amparo Alfonso , Carmen Vale , Natalia Vilariño , Juan Rubiolo , Eva Alonso , Eva Cagide
      Azaspiracids and yessotoxins (YTX) are marine toxins that still pose a scientific problem with regard to their mechanism of action. Azaspiracids are toxins that were linked to anionic channels, hERK potassium channels, c-Jun-N-terminal protein kinase kinases, adhesion proteins, and calcium pools. Their mechanism of action, although unknown, causes apoptosis. YTX are less well understood, the primary unclear aspect being whether or not they are in fact toxins, since there are no reports of a human intoxication. Possible targets of YTX have been proposed to be adhesion proteins, phosphodiesterases, PKC, the AKAP complex, or calcium pools. It is unclear if this toxin causes apoptosis, autophagia, or both, depending on the cell type. Also, the mechanism of action has been proposed as a basis for several possible therapeutic uses, as anticancer or anti-Alzheimer’s drug.

      PubDate: 2014-10-08T16:24:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-444-63406-1.00001-5
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Chapter Two Advances in the Analysis of Challenging Food Contaminants
           Nanoparticles, Bisphenols, Mycotoxins, and Brominated Flame Retardants
    • Authors: Lubinda Mbundi; Hector Gallar-Ayala; Mohammad Rizwan Khan; Jonathan L. Barber; Sara Losada; Rosa Busquets
      Pages: 35 - 105
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 8
      Author(s): Lubinda Mbundi , Hector Gallar-Ayala , Mohammad Rizwan Khan , Jonathan L. Barber , Sara Losada , Rosa Busquets
      Nanoparticles, bisphenols, mycotoxins, and brominated flame retardants are highly relevant species toxicologically that can contaminate food and drink through intentional administration or unintentionally from their migration from diverse sources such as packaging materials, cooking utensils, environmental contamination, and fungal activity. Although seemingly different, these contaminants share the common feature of being difficult to isolate and analyze in food. This chapter highlights the different challenges associated with the determination of the study toxins in food and drink and discusses current methods of analysis as well as methods and strategies to overcome the analytical challenges.

      PubDate: 2014-10-08T16:24:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-444-63406-1.00002-7
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Chapter Five Toxicity of Plasmonic Nanomaterials and Their Hybrid
           Nanocomposites
    • Authors: Ahmed Nabile Emam; Emad Girgis; Wagdy K.B. Khalil; Mona Bakr Mohamed
      Pages: 173 - 202
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 8
      Author(s): Ahmed Nabile Emam , Emad Girgis , Wagdy K.B. Khalil , Mona Bakr Mohamed
      Nanomaterials are defined as particles, fibers and tubes, composite materials, and nanostructured surfaces with at least one dimension smaller than 100nm (i.e., 10−9 m). Over the last decades, interest for engineered nanomaterials with specific physicochemical properties has grown dramatically. This opens great opportunities for use and is attractive in large number of applications that are being developed as well as by the increasing number of already marketed products. Therefore, due to their novel properties, a progressive concern about the potential effects of nanomaterials on human health has increased among toxicologists. Consequently, a great effort is underway to investigate the possible adverse effects of engineered nanomaterials, including genotoxicity. Plasmonic nanomaterials such as gold and silver and their composites have many biomedical applications, especially as drug delivery, cancer therapy, and diagnosis agents. This chapter summarizes the toxicological studies of gold nanoparticles and their dependence on size, shape, and capping materials. More light will be focused on our recent study on the genotoxicity investigations on nanomaterials especially gold and their alloys such as magneto-plasmonic nanoalloys (i.e., Au–Co alloy). In general, the toxicity of nanocomposite materials depends not only on the properties of their individual components but also on their morphology, dispersion, and interfacial characteristics.

      PubDate: 2014-10-08T16:24:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-444-63406-1.00005-2
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Chapter Three Mycotoxins from Alternaria Toxicological Implications
    • Authors: Chiara Martina; Cirlini Claudia Falavigna
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 8
      Author(s): Chiara Dall’Asta , Martina Cirlini , Claudia Falavigna
      Alternaria toxins are mycotoxins produced by Alternaria species. These fungi cause serious diseases in many crops such as cereals, oil seeds, and fruits. More than 70 Alternaria toxins have been reported and only some of them have been physicochemically characterized. Among the most common in food commodities, alternariol (AOH), alternariol methyl ether (AME), altenuene (ALT), and tenuazonic acid were mainly studied. Available in vitro data indicate that AOH, AME, and ALT are hydroxylated, mostly to catechol metabolites, and form glucuronide and sulfate conjugates. AOH and AME are genotoxic in bacteria and mammalian cells in vitro. Although there are no in vivo genotoxicity or carcinogenicity data available for Alternaria toxins, some indications of precancerous changes have been reported in esophageal mucosa of mice. In this review, the state of the art about the toxic effects of the major Alternaria toxins will be reported, and new data about their stability under in vitro human simulated gastrointestinal conditions will be described.

      PubDate: 2014-10-08T16:24:54Z
       
  • Chapter Four Food-Borne Topoisomerase Inhibitors Risk or Benefit
    • Authors: Melanie Esselen; Stephan Barth
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 8
      Author(s): Melanie Esselen , Stephan W. Barth
      Topoisomerases manage the topological orientation of DNA by relaxing torsion stress in supercoiled DNA sectors and are thus essential for cell viability but might also have the capability to damage the genome finally leading to cell death in healthy and also cancerous cells. For targeting cancer cells, many drug-based as well as food-borne agents have meanwhile been discovered which exert their cellular effects through interactions with topoisomerases. This review introduces various food-borne flavonoid groups of isoflavones, catechins, flavones, flavonols, anthocyanins, and others which share bioactivity of “topoisomerase poisons” and/or “topoisomerase inhibitors.” Besides their direct targeting efficacy on topoisomerases, these food-based compounds also interact with chemotherapeutics which might implicate not only a benefit but also a risk in terms of their additional supply by diet or high-dosage supplements. Regarding a risk–benefit assessment, it has to be emphasized that the probability for reaching an effective (critical) dosage is lower for food than for highly concentrated food supplements.

      PubDate: 2014-10-08T16:24:54Z
       
  • Chapter Six Aluminum Phytotoxicity Physiological Approaches and Tolerance
    • Authors: Santos Silva; Olinda Pinto-Carnide
      Abstract: Publication date: 2014
      Source:Advances in Molecular Toxicology, Volume 8
      Author(s): Conceição Santos , Sónia Silva , Olinda Pinto-Carnide
      The increase of aluminum (Al) bioavailability in the soil seriously compromises plant growth and crop production. Al phytotoxicity highly depends on the interactions between Al and root cells, apoplast and symplast, which are influenced by genotype and environmental conditions (e.g., soil pH, nutrients availability). Within physiological parameters used to assess Al phytotoxicity, root elongation is widely known, either by cell wall extensibility and cell cycle impairment. Besides, recent data gave new insight on the relations between Al and nutrients, Al allocation in apoplast/symplast, cell oxidative stress homeostasis, cell differentiation, and photosynthesis. We also discuss some of the recent advances on plant tolerance including genetic mechanisms for Al exclusion, where organic acids play a crucial role, and mechanisms involved in Al compartmentation and tolerance. Important advances on the interaction of Al with genes regulating these physiological events are also highlighted.

      PubDate: 2014-10-08T16:24:54Z
       
 
 
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