Publisher: Editura Fundatiei Romania de Maine   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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J. of Economic Development, Environment and People     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
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Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2285-3642
Published by Editura Fundatiei Romania de Maine Homepage  [1 journal]
  • K-12 MODERN SCHOOLS IN SERBIA: EXPLORATORY RESEARCH REGARDING TEACHERS
           GENUINE KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF AI-BASED OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES
           IN EDUCATION

    • Authors: Valentin Kuleto, Milena Ilic, Rocsana Bucea-Manea-Țoniş, Zorana Živanović, Dan Păun
      Pages: 5 - 15
      Abstract: LINK Educational Alliance (LEA is an educational group based in the Republic of Serbia which involves privately owned providers of formal and informal education, the format for the development of Educational Technologies services and Business support for their business. The exploratory research was conducted among K-12 teachers among a total population of 152 and a sample of 77 respondents (50.66%) to provide information about the perception of the teachers towards implementation of the Artificial intelligence-based solutions and the opportunities and challenges that artificial intelligence (AI) will bring into their daily activities, as well as their genuine knowledge about AI. For data analysis, we used SmartPLs Software version 3.0, making inferential and variable association analyses. The teaching process, based on the opinion of  K-12 teachers regarding activities that might be automatised through AI implementation in the educational process, supported by their level of awareness and knowledge about AI. For example, AI offers opportunities to automate specific strategies and activities, which would achieve better organisation of teachers' working time and productivity and increase the share of time that teachers spend "directly interacting with students" is the central hypothesis whose validity is tested. The aim of this study is to provide adequate model for testing AI attitudes in K-12 level of education in Republic of Serbia, among teachers in elementary and secondary schools. 
      PubDate: 2022-07-03
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i2.762
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY AT CROSSROADS: THE ROAD MAP AND INCUBATING ROLE OF
           THE COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE, DIGITALISATION AND NEUROSCIENCES

    • Authors: Daniel Gabriel Dinu, Andreea Stoian-Karadeli, Adrian Doroiman, Larisa Mihoreanu
      Pages: 16 - 23
      Abstract: The today human being is part of the technological and scientific development dominated by information as a both raw material and base of knowledge.The easy and open accesses to information thrust forward the frontiers of development and communication, enlarge the development's paths and generate amazing changes, faster than ever happened. The way that data bases increase its volume becomes the most actual and complex problem.The ability to extract and process the knowledge and the speed of its processing represent unknown and provocative challenges for business profit and the intelligent society success. Their extraction from the informational noise and the ability to react and rapidly communicate are also important to be accurately customized and harmonised with the social elements.This paper demonstrates the usefulness of neuroscience, neuro-technologies and cognitive computing in finding innovative and customized solutions for solving complex problems in business.The conclusion of our study is that, in order to have an advanced and competitive European Union, it is absolutely necessary to develop innovative solutions for Competitive Intelligence that would include the fundamental elements of neuro-technologies and advanced Artificial Intelligence as Cognitive Business profitable keys.
      PubDate: 2022-07-03
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i2.772
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • AFFIRMATIVE ACTION’S MEDIATION ROLE ON THE IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION ON
           THE PROLETARIANS IN ZIMBABWE

    • Authors: Cleopas Fore, Wilfred Ukpere
      Pages: 24 - 50
      Abstract: Globalisation debate in recent years is characterised with trade literature, growth and formation of multinational companies, the internationalisation motive, market liberalisation and the impact of these on nation states’ labour markets (Giddens, 2004). Zimbabwe as a nation is not exempted from the impact of globalisation on its labour relations. Literature review identified that to curb the adverse effects of globalisation, Zimbabwe adopted the use of affirmative action policies, which were received with mixed feelings of criticisms and appreciations. This article sought to understand the impact of globalisation on affirmative action and establish the extent to which affirmative action policies ameliorate the negative effects of globalisation. A qualitative paradigm was adopted.  Data was gathered through the use of interviews and participants memoirs. Results were analysed by usingf both Nvivo 10 and manual coding. Results showed that either globalisation has an impact on affirmative action through inspiring the promulgation of policies or labour legislation that eradicates discrimination, or it can stifle some policies that deter globalisation. The article recommended that to ensure fairer globalisation there is need to use affirmative action policies to ameliorate discriminations occasioned by globalisation on Zimbabwe’s employment relations. Affirmative action policies need to be properly discussed and shared by all social partners to increase the chance of success in their implementation. With openness and shared goals, affirmative action policies and laws can help to achieve fairer globalisation.
      PubDate: 2022-07-03
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i2.758
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF “Freedom to Learn – Independent Campus (MBKM)”
           PROGRAM AT MUARA GEMBONG

    • Authors: Tulus Sukreni, Dhian Tyas Untari, Soehardi Soehardi, Timorora Sandha Perdana, Erik Saut H Hutahaean, Fata Nidaul Khasanah
      Pages: 51 - 54
      Abstract: The aims of this study is to analysis the grand strategy to creat Muara Gembong as The Implementation o f"Merdeka Learning – Independent Campus (MBKM)”. The sources of the study are secondary data originating from books and publications related to  "Merdeka Learning – Independent Campus (MBKM)” programs. In writing this paper, the author uses a qualitative research method using a library approach. Qualitative research is a particular tradition in social science that is fundamentally dependent on observing humans in their own area and relating to these people in their language and in their terminology. While the library approach is a study that uses data analysis based on written materials. Library materials in the form of published notes, books, magazines, newspapers, manuscripts, journals or articles. Hope that the results of the study become a influence for next research related to the development of "Merdeka Learning – Independent Campus (MBKM)” programs.
      PubDate: 2022-07-03
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i2.747
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • SHORT AND LONG TERM ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATES BASED ON INCOME
           LEVELS

    • Authors: Harunurrasyid Harunurrasyid, Mardalena Mardalena, Imam Asngari, Siti Rohima, Sri Andaiyani
      Pages: 55 - 72
      Abstract: The study aimed to determine the effect of foreign exchange demand and supply on exchange rates in four groups of countries based on per capita income levels from 1989-2018 using the ARDL panel method. The results showed remittances had a significant effect on exchange rates in panel A (low income countries), panel B (lower middle income countries), panel D (high income countries), while on panel C (upper middle income countries) remittances had no significant effect. Export and import variables have a significant effect on panels B, C, and D, and are not significant on panelS A. Meanwhile inflation variables have a significant effect on all types of panels.
      PubDate: 2022-07-03
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i2.748
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • CUSTOMER EXPECTATIONS IN THE GERMAN BANKING SECTOR

    • Authors: Lana Löffler
      Pages: 73 - 91
      Abstract: The last financial market crisis, which affected the whole world in 2008, brought about major changes. As a result of this crisis, customers have become more suspicious and since then the banks have been constantly being prescribed new regulations and controls for supervision. History shows that crises repeat themselves, so that companies always had to adapt to the times and changing requirements. Due to the rapid change in the financial services offered, national borders are being overcome. The boundaries of conventional market segments are eliminated and new products are created. The challenge for the money industry is growing with new providers, like Fintechs, and products and throughout all those changes customers adapt their expectations and their satisfaction might be affected.
      PubDate: 2022-07-03
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i2.761
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • SOCIAL ECONOMIC VARIABLES INFLUENCE on HDI with DATA PANELS REGRESSION in
           KLASSEN CLUSTER at EAST JAVA PROVINCE

    • Authors: Indah Purnama Sari, Heru Subiyantoro, Sugiyanto Saleh, Sugiyanto Saleh
      Pages: 5 - 23
      Abstract: This study analyzes the effect of socio-economic variables on HDI in East Java. Secondary data sources come from the Statistics Central Bureau of East Java Province. The research method used is cluster analysis and panel data regression. The sample quantity is 228 from panel data. The results showed that in a large panel of East Java gini ratio, population density, crime, and gender empowerment had a significant effect on HDI, while unemployment and economic growth had no significant effect on the HDI. In quadrant I, unemployment, economic growth, gini ratio, and population density have a significant effect on HDI, while crime and gender empowerment have no significant effect on the HDI. In quadrant IV, gini ratio, crime, and gender empowerment have a significant effect on HDI, while unemployment, economic growth and population density have no significant effect on the HDI. Simultaneously, all independent variables have a significant effect on the dependent variable HDI, and this applies to all panels.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v1i1.751
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • FOOD INSECURITY and MALNUTRITION of AFRICA: A COMBINED ATTEMPT CAN REDUCE
           THEM

    • Authors: Haradhan Kumar Mohajan
      Pages: 24 - 34
      Abstract: In the 21st century Africa is in the top levels of hunger and malnutrition in the world that is unharmonious with the vision of the African Union. Hunger and malnutrition is a common matter in almost all African countries and recently it is appeared to be increasing in most of the countries of the continent. Security of food and nutrition is a fundamental right of every people. But many people of Africa are deprived from this right. About one-third of African children is undersized in their growth and suffers from various physical and mental complexities. The UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 aims to end all forms of hun­ger and malnutrition globally by 2030, but Africa is off track. It is estimated that about 200 million people of Africa are undernourished. Recently, the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the African food and nutrition security system in the long-term. The pandemic has thrown the continent in serious uncertainty to the implementation of the SDG 2. Food production of this continent should be increased with the proportional to the increased populations. This study tries to discuss the food and nutrition situation of Africa and provides a constructive guideline to overcome it.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v1i1.716
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • SPECULATIVE HYPOTHESES ON POLITICAL DIRECTION OF TOURISM LAW IN INDONESIA;
           COMMUNITY BASE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

    • Authors: dhian tyas untari
      Pages: 35 - 42
      Abstract: Tourism is one sector with a fairly high development potential, even the tourism sector makes a large contribution to GDP and GRDP. According to the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 10 of 2009 concerning Tourism and the Regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 33 of 2009 concerning Guidelines for Ecotourism Development in the Regions, it is stated the importance of community participation in tourism development. Based on this, this study aims to; 1). Studying the political direction of tourism law in Indonesia, 2). Mapping the internal and external environment for Community Base Tourism (CBT) development, and 3). Develop speculative hypotheses related to the CBT development strategy. The sources of the study are secondary data originating from books and publications related to Tourism Law Politics and CBT Development. Strategic Management matrix; EFAS/IFAS and Garnd Matrix used in this study. Hope that the results of the study become a influence for next research related to the development of CBT in the perspective of Political Law.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v1i1.741
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • ENERGY POVERTY ALLEVIATION – A STEP FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
           TRANSITION

    • Authors: Georgi Nikolov Georgiev
      Pages: 43 - 57
      Abstract: The paper investigates the issue of fuel poverty and its presence in the Bulgarian context. The focus of the analysis is on the potential for alleviation and – in the long term – elimination of energy poverty through the implementation of measures for energy efficient retrofit of residential multi-story apartment housing. An effective strategy tackling this topic at local scale is a key prerequisite for the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with particular relevance for SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy and SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities. Achieving the optimal ratio of saved energy versus financial resources is the key to renovating housing at scale sustainably and efficiently. Energy poverty as a phenomenon is linked to the combined effect of three main factors - low household income, high energy costs and low energy efficiency of housing. There is a broad scientific consensus that this phenomenon has a serious negative impact on the quality of life and citizens’ health and wellbeing. Furthermore, energy poverty contributes to a huge waste of energy and also affects the physical dimension of the sustainable development of the built environment. Therefore, energy poverty exacerbates deficits and discrepancies for territorial economies and communities.Eliminating the problem of “fuel poverty” is often considered to be impossible without the support of the affected households through subsidies. Subsidies invested in energy-efficient housing reconstruction result in immediate savings in housing heating costs, which in turn leads to a tangible reduction in the “fuel poverty” experienced by residents of reconstructed housing. Energy efficient housing reconstruction (retrofit) is the fastest and most efficient (in terms of public resources) way to combat energy poverty. The financial resources required to enable these activities could also be obtained or complemented through financial engineering schemes with third party involvement.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v1i1.749
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • TRADITIONAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM: AN EXPOSITION in AFRICAN CONTEXT

    • Authors: Etim O. Frank, Wilfred Ukpere
      Pages: 58 - 72
      Abstract: The study set out to affirm that Traditional Public Administration existed in pre-colonial Africa, specifically Nigeria. These pre-colonial administrative systems performed all the functions that is currently being executed by modern public administrative system, such as designing the best strategies for efficient delivery and the attainment of public goods. The case-study approach was adopted, in which old Oyo, Benin, Kanem Borno and Oron Kingdom amongst others were comprehensively evaluated. This approach unveiled the structures and processes through which the aforementioned empires and Kingdoms were effectively governed. The focus of this paper was to identify and analyze the structure and processes, which amounted to public administration in these empires that performed the roles which are currently being performed by modern public administration. The findings revealed that old Oyo, Benin, Kanem Borno and Oron Kingdom had standard processes for the implementation of what constituted public polices in these social entities. The successes of the administrative system accounted for the long duration of these pre-colonial states and in many cases the colonial masters relied on them, for the administration of the territories they conquered. A case in point was the ‘indirect rule’ system in Nigeria and other West Africa States, which aided the continuation of the colonial administration. The role performance in the traditional system might have been fused, however the functions of public administration were effectively carried out in these pre-colonial social entities. This exposition might have accounted for the long years of existence of these empires until internal contradictions, colonial conquests and rules resulted in their collapsed. The study through the use of qualitative data affirmed the existence of traditional public administration in Africa and Nigeria in particular. This indeed was one of the notable ‘primitive gloriana’ (glory of the primitive past) of pre-colonial Africa and Nigeria in particular, that cannot be wished away by Eurocentric scholars.    
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v1i1.759
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • POVERTY REDUCTION in CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE INDONESIA THROUGH THE TOURISM
           SECTOR

    • Authors: Irwan Agus, Sidik Priadana, K Karno, Indah Purnama Sari
      Pages: 73 - 82
      Abstract: This research studies the influence of the tourism sector GRDP on poverty in Central Java Province. The research uses quantitative methods with linear regression techniques using time series data. The data for this research is secondary data that spans 15 years, starting from 2005 to 2019, which is represented in semester data. The total sample used is 30 samples. After the Classical Assumption Test was performed then the data analyzed using Cobb-Douglas linear regression model with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) technique. The research results showed that Tourism Sector GRDP had a significant negative effect on poverty. Based on that tourism sector can be one of the most potential approaches to be developed for alleviating poverty in Central Java Province.  
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.26458/jedep.v11i1.752
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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