Publisher: Medip Academy   (Total: 12 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 12 of 12 Journals sorted alphabetically
Intl. J. of Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Clinical Trials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Intl. J. of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. Surgery J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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International Journal of Scientific Reports
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2454-2156 - ISSN (Online) 2454-2164
Published by Medip Academy Homepage  [12 journals]
  • Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of human immunodeficiency
           virus, hepatitis B virus and syphilis among pregnant women attending
           Dessie referral hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

    • Authors: Hussen Nuru, Negash Nurahmed, Yeabkal D. Teka, Fewzia Mohammed, Getachew Ferede, Wondwossen Abebe
      Pages: 434 - 441
      Abstract: Background: Globally the burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and syphilis infections are a common problem of pregnant women where the complications are transmitted to their new born infants. These infections, often silent and without symptoms, can result in serious and fatal health consequences.Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted on 384 pregnant women attending Dessie referral hospital from February to April 2019 by using convenience sampling techniques. Data were collected by assigned nurses with face to face interview using a pre-tested questionnaire. Samples were screened by rapid serological tests for HIV and T. pallidum antibodies as well as HBsAg. Data was analysed using SPSS. Logistic regression was used to see the association between dependent and independent variables. P values <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The overall seroprevalence rates of HIV, HBsAg, syphilis and HIV/HBV coinfections were 6.5%, 4.7% and 0.8%, and 0.5% respectively. The history of sexual transmitted infections (STIs), multiple partners and using sharp materials were significantly associated to HIV with an adjusted odd ratio (AOR) of 8.35, 9.6 and 3.097 respectively. Likewise, the habit of ear/nose piercing and partner’s STIs exposure were associated with hepatitis B infection with an AOR 8.24 and 14.11 respectively.Conclusions: HIV and HBV infections are still critical public health concerns among pregnant women in the study area. History of multiple sexual partners, sharing of sharp materials, history of STIs exposure, habits of ear/nose piercing were significantly associated with infections.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204470
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology diagnostic accuracy corelation to
           histopathology of head and neck swelling in Manipal teaching hospital

    • Authors: Inclub Dhungana, Krishna Koirala, Ashish Khadgi, Niraj Khatri Sapkota
      Pages: 442 - 446
      Abstract: Background: Palpable neck swelling is a common clinical manifestation in otolaryngology. Rapid, inexpensive and simple method of examination for the diagnosis of such superficial masses is fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Objectives were to evaluate the usage of fine needle aspiration cytology as a first-line tool for diagnosis, accuracy compared with histopathology.Method: A hospital based prospective cross sectional was conducted by taking 65 patients with neck swelling presentation thyroid swelling were highest in number followed by lymph node and salivary, in which female were 43 (66.15%) and male were 22 (33.85%), the age group ranged from 6 to 75 years in ear, nose, throat (ENT) OPD of Manipal teaching hospital between 15th November 2015 to 15th May 2017. FNAC along with histopathological examination (HPE) were done and compared. For data analysis SPSS 20 version was used. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rates were calculated. The Cohen’s Kappa statistical test was employed.Results: The overall sensitivity and specificity of FNAC was 90.76% and 98.075% respectively in determining the various pathologies. The diagnostic accuracy of FNAC in comparison to histopathology was 92.25%. This study showed almost perfect correlation (measure of agreement) between FNAC and final histopathology diagnosis of neck swellings from Cohen’s Kappa test.Conclusions: FNAC is a safe, simple and rapid method with a high sensitivity and specificity that can be done in diagnosing wide range of neck swellings.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204471
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Correlation of scapulothoracic muscle strength and functional activity in
           volleyball players

    • Authors: Sailee Vikas Rajwatkar, Manish Mukund Ray, Ashok Shyam, Parag K. Sancheti
      Pages: 447 - 450
      Abstract: Background: Volleyball is the game in which upper extremities are mostly involved. This game needs repeated forceful high-speed upper limb activities required during training sessions and matches; which are reported to high incidence of shoulder injuries. This study is to correlate scapulothoracic muscle strength and functional activity in volleyball players.Methods: Study is cross sectional; correlational study was done with convenient sampling. Sample size was 55. Subjects were selected from all over Pune. Scapulothoracic muscles strength was measured (using the handheld dynamometer) in volleyball players which fitted in the inclusion and exclusion criteria and filled disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) scale by every participant included in study. Correlated evaluated data using spearman rho method.Results: Study shows that all muscle carry good strength. Statistical analysis shows no significance, p value for all tested muscle is (p>0.05). Also DASH scale shows lesser score which indicates lesser difficulty to do functional activities.Conclusions: This study proves that there is no correlation between scapulothoracic muscle strength and functional activity in volleyball players.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204472
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • A cross sectional study on the knowledge, attitude and practices of
           medical and paramedical staff regarding the bio-medical waste management
           in a tertiary care institute in Lucknow

    • Authors: Sandhya Mishra, Deepak Chopra, Nidhi Jauhari
      Pages: 451 - 455
      Abstract: Background: The bio-medical waste products create particularly serious problems for the municipalities and its safe disposal is becoming a serious environmental problem. The concern regarding medical wastes is mainly due to the presence of pathogenic organisms and organic substances in hospital solid wastes in significantly higher concentrations. About one fourth of biomedical waste is considered as hazardous and may affect the health of both medical personnel and general community. Aim and objectives of the research was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice about the biomedical waste management among the staff (medical and paramedical) of a tertiary care medical institute.Methods: The design of the study was observational, descriptive and cross-sectional. It was conducted in a 500 bedded private sector tertiary care medical institute in Lucknow. The study unit consisted of medical and paramedical staff (doctors, staff nurses, and ward boys) and sample size was 241 who consented to be a part of the study. All the study units who had been in the job for atleast 6 months in IIMSR who consented for the study were included; purposive convenience sampling was implemented and study period was from January 2018 to March 2018.  Results: Majority across all the types of study participants were males, married, residing in urban areas and having not undergone any formal training. Our study found that though all the study participants in various groups were having the relevant level of knowledge but attitude and practices were variable.Conclusions: This study showed that knowledge may be higher but attitude and practices are variable and are not related to educational level.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204473
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Wilkie's syndrome in an adolescent female patient

    • Authors: Bandar Idrees A. Ali, Khuloud Omar Bukhari, Abdullah Saeed Alzahrani
      Pages: 456 - 460
      Abstract: One of the rare cases of the upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction is superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) but potentially life-threatening if not recognized early. It is due to loss of fat pad between the aorta and SMA which will lead to a compression of the third portion of the duodenum. It has a different angle which will lead to different presentations as well as severity. We are reporting the 15 year-old (y/o) female who is medically free, presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of severe colicky epigastric abdominal pain for the last 5 days in the epigastric area. The diagnosis of SMAS was made after clinical and radiological investigation. After proper supportive resuscitative measures, definitive management of the surgery was done by laparoscopic approach (duodenojejunostomy). The diagnosis of SMA syndrome is considered challenging due to many presentations and might be confused with other clinical conditions. Unless early diagnosed and treated, the outcome might be catastrophic. Medical treatment is attempted first in many cases depending on the severity and presentation but if failed, surgery will be the best option.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204474
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Epidermoid carcinoma of the hypopharynx in a child: a rare case report

    • Authors: Wydadi Omar, Lyoubi Hicham, Lekhbal Adil, Abada R. Lah, Rouadi Sam, Roubal Mohamed, Mahtar Mohamed
      Pages: 461 - 463
      Abstract: Epidermoid carcinoma is a frequent tumor in the upper aerodiodestive tracts, and depending on its location and tumor, nodes, metastases (TNM) stage, its therapy and prognosis vary enormously. Its location in the hypopharynx is rare, and in children or young adolescents, this location is extremely rare; The incriminated causes and the pathophysiology of the development of these tumors at this age remain a mystery. We present the case of a young patient of 13 years old, followed for squamous cell carcinoma of the right piriform sinus, with contralateral synchronous tonsil localization, and right lateral cervical lymphadenopathy fixed at 5 cm. In the absence of existing guidelines on the management of this type of location at this age, a multi-disciplinary meeting was necessary to decide on the management of this difficult case at this age.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204475
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Surgical management of the patient with factor V deficiency: a case report

    • Authors: Duygu C. Ozmus, Dogay N. Ozmus, Yasam K. Akpak, Zeynep Y. Onur, Mujde Canday, Aslihan Yurtkal
      Pages: 464 - 466
      Abstract: Factor V (FV) is a rare bleeding disorder that its incidence is one in a million. Patients with FV deficiency have typically mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding after an invasive procedure. There are no certain treatment modalities and there is no product of FV concentrates in the markets. The bleeding diathesis and protect the ovarian viability are a challenge as an opposite situation for treatment options and ovarian preservation after detorsion is controversial. We aimed to provide ovarian blood-stream, control bleeding and protect thromboembolism from the patient with all of our treatment in the light of literature and a few case reports.   
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204476
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of liver in a 9-year-old: case report

    • Authors: Zubin A. Mahajan, Sameera R. Mehta, Raman Singh
      Pages: 467 - 471
      Abstract: The embryonal sarcoma of the liver is an extremely malignant, aggressive and infrequent condition of the liver, predominantly affecting children in the age groups of four to ten. The disease manifests with fever, abdominal pain or mass, nausea and laboratory findings suggestive of liver cell injury. The diagnosis can be made using tumor markers, imaging, immunohistochemistry and histopathology. The multimodal management protocol focuses the use of surgical resection, chemotherapy and radiation to significantly improved survival rates and quality of life in these patients.
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204403
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Rehabilitation of mechanically ventilated elderly patient with COVID-19 of
           a dedicated COVID tertiary hospital: a case report

    • Authors: Rachna D. Arora, Rajvi D. Sheth, Abhishek Gupta
      Pages: 472 - 477
      Abstract: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly communicable disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV2) which originated in Wuhan, China has affected 213 countries worldwide and has caused an economic crisis. As of August 10, 2020, India’s recovery rate is 63%. Most of the critical cases requiring intensive care unit (ICU) management are elderly patients with co-morbidities. The case report is of an elderly, comorbid patient who was intubated and put on a mechanical ventilator. At a time when critical patients on mechanical ventilator hardly survived, this patient survived and was successfully weaned from the ventilator and extubated. The case report emphasizes physical therapy management along with medical management for an elderly SARS CoV2 survivor with co-morbidities, and his journey from the onset of symptoms to being mechanically ventilated to performing his daily activities with minimal discomfort. 
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204477
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
  • Effect of COVID-19 in geriatric individuals and role of a prosthodontist
           in clinical setup in Indian populations: a literature review

    • Authors: Bappaditya Bhattacharjee, Pinki Gupta, Atul Bhatnagar, Ankita Singh, Ritu Saneja
      Pages: 478 - 484
      Abstract: Medical professionals including dentists are one of those high-risk professionals who can easily get affected by COVID-19 due to its highly contagious nature. Evaluating the molecular pathogenesis and the role of immune system in modulating symptoms it can be assumed that susceptibility of COVID-19 to older adults is more. This review aimed to summarize all the information available on electronic databases PubMed, PubMed central, Cochrane database related to the effect of COVID-19 ingeriatric individuals and guidelines for a prosthodontist during treatment of geriatric individuals in Indian population during this pandemic period. This review will focus on the characteristic symptoms and signs of COVID-19 ingeriatric individuals and how the prosthodontists during treatment of geriatric individuals in Indian populations can better equip themselves to prevent the spread of COVID-19 ina clinical setup. 
      PubDate: 2020-10-19
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20204478
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 11 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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