Publisher: Medip Academy   (Total: 12 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 12 of 12 Journals sorted alphabetically
Intl. J. of Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Clinical Trials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Research in Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. Surgery J.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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International Journal of Scientific Reports
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2454-2156 - ISSN (Online) 2454-2164
Published by Medip Academy Homepage  [12 journals]
  • Brain networks and medical education

    • Authors: Sheena Prineethi, Rose Dawn Bharath, Thamodharan A., Sunithi Mani
      Pages: 477 - 483
      Abstract: Background: There has been significant progress in understanding the human brain with the development of modalities like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET) etc. Education is an important source of intellectual, emotional and cultural stimulus to the brain. In this resting fMRI study, we aim to map out specific regions in the brain in which changes occur relating to memory, language, motor, behavioural and cognitive functions after five years of undergraduate medical education and how this knowledge can bring us closer to understanding the brain and its functions and applications in clinical practice.Methods: A total number of 48 normal, healthy medical students from our medical college were included in the study, and were divided into two groups, the first group completed five years of under-graduate medical training and the second group consisted of individuals who had only 4 months of exposure to medical training. Resting state fMRI study was performed and seed-to-voxel based functional connectivity analysis method was used to derive between group differencesResults: Out of the 48, 13 played one or more sport professionally, 8 were musically oriented with skills to play one or more musical instrument professionally and 9 had other talents (2-Good academic, 2-theatre, 3-dancing, 2-art like pottery and painting). Conclusions: There were significant differences in the right inferior temporal gyrus which is the seat of many cognitive functions like language, emotion and memory and the left cerebellar hemisphere, which is known to play a role in fine motor functions, language and visual learning.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213695
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
  • Retrospective analysis of factors associated with emergency colostomy: an
           institutional experience

    • Authors: Berhanetsehay Teklewold, Ermias G. Meskel
      Pages: 484 - 488
      Abstract: Background: Colostomy is one of the commonest lifesaving procedures done worldwide with an intention of either decompression of an obstructed colon or diversion of stool. This study tries to assess the pattern of emergency colostomy and factors associated with its complication in adult patients at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Methods: Retrospective reviews of charts were done of all adult patients who underwent colostomy procedure from December 1, 2016 to May 30, 2019.  Results: There were 149 adult patients that underwent colostomy procedure in the study period and the majorities were male (83.2%). Majority of the procedures were done for indication of LBO secondary gangrenous sigmoid volvulus (49%). The most common comorbidity identified were renal disease (5%) and diabetes mellitus (3%). All patients who presented with gangrenous sigmoid volvulus underwent end colostomy procedure and 16.8% of them died. Generally, 69 patients among 149 (46.3%) developed certain type of complication. Presence of complication was significantly associated with increased chance of death by eight times than those who had no complication after the procedure. End colostomy was significantly associated with development of complication when compared to loop colostomy. Among the study participants 87.9% of them were discharged improved. The main cause of death was multi organ failure secondary to septic shock, which accounted to 52.9% of all deaths.Conclusions: Gangrenous sigmoid volvulus, colorectal cancer and trauma were leading indications for colostomy. Presence of complication and type of colostomy were factors significantly associated with outcome.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213696
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
  • Expressed emotions and perceived stress among patients and caregivers of
           patients suffering from bipolar affective disorder

    • Authors: Renu Sharma, Sandhya Ghai, Shubhmohan Singh
      Pages: 489 - 494
      Abstract: Background: Expressed emotions (EE) are the critical, hostile and emotionally over- involved attitude of relatives towards a family member who is suffering from a disorder. It is a measure of the expressed attitude of the relatives towards their psychological patient in their absence. As, in bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) alternating/recurring periods of depression and elevated mood occurs which leads to varied levels of stress and expressed emotions in the patient as well as their caregivers.Methods: An exploratory study was conducted in psychiatry ward and psychiatry outpatient department (OPD) of PGIMER, Chandigarh on BPAD patients and their caregivers (N=50 each) using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected in the month of March for 10 days. Interviews were conducted using the modified perceived stress scale by Sheldon Cohen and Hooley’s expressed emotions scale for assessing expressed emotions levels, respectively.  Results: Data analysis done with the help of statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) 22 version 16.0 through descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that 64% of caregivers face criticism from their patients whereas 62% of patients receive criticism from their caregivers. The study also showed that 68% of caregivers were given emotional support by their patients. 66% of caregivers and patients, both displayed moderate level of perceived stress.Conclusions: It can be concluded that both EE and perceived stress are significant stressors for the BPAD patients and their caregivers.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213697
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
  • Study of the impact of gas flaring on communities’ health: methods and
           participants’ demographics

    • Authors: Nkemdilim Obi, Phillip Bwititi, Ezekiel Nwose
      Pages: 495 - 505
      Abstract: The exploration and production of oil and gas in Nigeria have resulted in gas flaring. This has led to the release of excessive amounts of harmful pollutants possibly leading to ill-health, loss of lives and damage to properties in communities where gas is flared. This has resulted in various studies on the impact of gas flaring on the health of communities. This article described the methodology and demographics of respondents of research in Delta State Nigeria. This research was designed to be a cross-sectional mixed method study. About 500 self-administered questionnaires were distributed to individuals of 18 years and above and the response rate 97.4%. The questionnaire comprised six sections with closed and open-ended questions to ensure objectivity and accuracy of data. Demographic analysis showed that participants comprised 40.1% women, 99.1% reside in 12 oil-producing local government areas (LGA) across Delta State and 69.4% have lived in region for 3-20 years. On occupation, 97.7% work in communities distributed across oil-producing 11 LGAs and 68.2% have worked in the region for 3-20 years. Other participants lived and/or worked in neighbouring communities and states. Participants were well distributed in age groups with 89% consisting of 20-70 years old. Further, respondents comprised 96% who completed secondary or higher and 61.7% classified themselves as middle or upper-class socioeconomic status. The proposal has provision to generate nuanced perspectives of stakeholders. The distribution of respondents indicates satisfactory selection criteria for valid responses to survey questions.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213698
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
  • True umbilical cord knots are not always knotty: a case report

    • Authors: Akaninyene Eseme Ubom, Akinyosoye D. Ajiboye, Akintunde O. Fehintola, Oluwatoyin Oyenike Fadare, Ekundayo O. Ayegbusi, Olamiposi Isaac Bakare, Chukwuka Ndubuisi Obinegbo
      Pages: 506 - 508
      Abstract: A true umbilical cord knot (TUCK) is a rare event, complicating 0.3-1.3% of all pregnancies. Prenatal diagnosis is not usual, as it is mostly discovered at delivery, when the knot is identified. True cord knots are mostly asymptomatic, but can be associated with adverse perinatal outcomes such as birth asphyxia and foetal demise, owing to compression of the umbilical vessels within the knot. This compression, however, is largely dependent on how tightly the knot is formed. We report a 30-year-old booked gravida 2, para 1, with a living child, who had spontaneous vaginal delivery of a healthy male baby at term, with incidental finding of a single loose TUCK at delivery. The umbilical cord was 81 cm long. The baby weighed 3600 g at birth, with 1- and 5-minutes Apgar scores of 9 and 10 respectively, and no adverse perinatal occurrence.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213699
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
  • Successful treatment of dysphagia in a COVID-19 survivor

    • Authors: Richa Rashmi, Joyanta C. Mandal, Kavita Kumari, Shruti S. Senapati
      Pages: 509 - 513
      Abstract: This study was aimed document a successful case of dysphagia management after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. COVID-19 is highly infectious disease and causes 75 million infection and 1.66 million deaths worldwide. Clinical features of COVID-19 including respiratory compromise, microvascular thrombosis and neurologic dysfunction as well as well as prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) care in severe cases yield patients particularly susceptible to mild to severe swallowing impairment which can persist for months or years after ICU discharge. A 52 years old female was diagnosed with severe pharyngo-oesophageal dysphagia after COVID-19 infection and was advised for swallowing therapy. The swallowing therapy was given thrice a week for 45 minutes including Masako, Shaker’s and modified Shaker’s exercise along with effortful swallow, Mendelsohn maneuvers and super-supraglottic swallow. After 2 weeks of swallowing therapy patient started taking semisolid food orally and maintain normal SpO2 level during feeding. This study concluded early intervention is the key to boost faster recovery and helped to improve patient’s quality of life. Swallowing manuvers and exercises were very effective for the management of dysphagia secondary to COVID-19 infection. This can be generalized and efficacy can be determined with large group of patients having swallowing difficulty after COVID-19 infection.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213700
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
  • Are children and young people more susceptible to the newer strains of
           SARS-CoV-2 than earlier ones' Current evidences

    • Authors: Mohammad Abu Bashar, Nazia Begam
      Pages: 514 - 516
      Abstract: The clinical impact of the new SARS-CoV-2 lineage B.1.1.7 on children and young people (aged 18 years or younger) regarding acute respiratory COVID-19 is yet to be fully defined. Some media reports of increases in admissions to hospital and more serious illnesses in children and young people have resulted in Public chaos and panic and implicated the B.1.1.7 variant as a cause of more pathogenic infection within this group. The aim of the study was to present the currently available evidence of increase susceptibility of the children and young people COVID-19 towards the B.1.1.7 strain of SARS-CoV-2.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213701
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 10 (2021)
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