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Intl. J. of Alcohol and Drug Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
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International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1925-7066
Published by KBS Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Clinical and behavioral correlates in adult methamphetamine users with
           childhood exposure to household drug and alcohol use

    • Authors: Christine Buchanan, Wanida Rattanasumawong, Robert T. Malison, Joel Gelernter, Yaira Nunez, Rasmon Kalayasiri
      Pages: 77 - 84
      Abstract: Aims: To describe and compare methamphetamine (MA) users with and without a family history of alcohol or drug () use in the household. Design:  A total of 1144 Thai-speaking MA users in Thailand were recruited for a cohort study. Cross-sectional baseline data were analyzed according to their exposure to FAOD use (FAOD+/FAOD-). The Semi-Structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism (SSADDA) was utilized to collect baseline socio-demographic information and variables known to be associated with the impact of FAOD use. Findings:  FAOD+ participants had lower average years of education (p<0.01), fewer average months of employment in the past year (p<0.01) and reported higher rates of self-harm experience (p<0.001), gambling (p=0.018) and antisocial personality disorder  (p=0.015). FAOD+ participants had more severe clinical, adverse consequences. FAOD+ significantly predicted episodes of lifetime MA use (R2 =0.004,  p=0.032), the largest number of drinks ever had in a 24-hour period (R2 =0.01, p=0.001), paranoid experiences ([OR]=1.090, p=0.004), alcohol dependence ([OR]=1.112, p=0.001) and antisocial personality disorder ([OR]=1.139, p=0.015). FAOD+ participants who were exposed to alcohol only were more likely to report a significantly higher number of drinks ever had in a 24-hour periods (p<0.005). Similarly, FAOD+ participants who were exposed to MA use only were significantly more likely to report more frequent use of MA (p<0.005). Conclusions:  FAOD+ participants were characterized by a generally more severe clinical presentation than FAOD- participants. Moreover, we show the specificity of drug type mattered, with family exposure of alcohol and MA associated with greater subsequent use of the respective drugs.
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.7895/ijadr.345
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Correlates and comparisons of use of a variety of drugs and associated
           harms in various high and middle-income countries

    • Authors: Anne-Marie Laslett, Neo Morojele
      Pages: 50 - 51
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.7895/ijadr.347
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • A cross-cultural comparison of factors associated with marijuana use among
           college students in the United States and Sweden

    • Authors: Dana M. Litt, Henriettae Stahlbrandt, Claes Andersson, Mats Berglund, Cassidy R. LoParco, Tracey A. Garcia, Melissa A. Lewis, Mary E. Larimer
      Pages: 52 - 58
      Abstract: Aims: Marijuana is a popular drug among U.S. college students. In Sweden, the prevalence of marijuana use has been relatively low but is increasing. Brief, personalized interventions have been efficacious in reducing substance use, including marijuana, among college students in the U.S. However, prior to implementation of U.S. interventions in Sweden, it is important to compare factors associated with marijuana use among college students in the two countries. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data are from baseline assessments of two large college student intervention studies in the U.S. (N = 3,753, 39% male) and Sweden (N = 2,280, 35% male). Measures: Past 30-day prevalence and frequency of marijuana use was analyzed in regard to relevant demographic factors. The moderating role of nationality was also examined. Findings: Results support previous findings indicating marijuana use is more common in the U.S. than in Sweden. Most demographic factors were similar across the countries, except for relationship status and work status, in which associations with number of marijuana use days (but not odds of any marijuana use) were stronger for Swedish college students compared to U.S. college students. Conclusions: Based on overall similarities between the U.S. and Sweden, comparable interventions might be recommended in both countries. 
      PubDate: 2021-10-03
      DOI: 10.7895/ijadr.305
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Socio-economic determinants of alcohol consumption for South Africa

    • Authors: Naiefa Rashied
      Pages: 59 - 68
      Abstract: Aims: To examine the socio-economic factors associated with alcohol consumption in South Africa. Design: Cross-sectional study exploring the various socio-economic factors associated with alcohol consumption in South Africa. Setting: South Africans older than 15 years across the country’s nine provinces. Participants: Adult respondents of the alcohol intensity and frequency questions in Wave 4 of the National Income Dynamics
      Study (NIDS) (n=28 401). Measures: Alcohol, demographic, emotional, health and neighbourhood variables. Findings: White and Mixed Heritage (referred to as ‘Coloured’ in South Africa) adults were more likely to consume alcohol, while
      Indian and White adults were less likely to binge drink relative to African adults. Males at greater risk of depression, and those
      who resided in neighbourhoods where frequent alcohol and drug abuse was common, were more likely to binge drink. Females
      who exercised more than three times a week were also more likely to drink and binge drink. Adults who smoked were more likely
      to drink and binge drink relative to non-smoking adults. Accounting for binge drinkers’ household size, average monthly household
      spending for binge drinkers was low, which suggests that binge drinkers under-reported household alcohol spending. There was
      evidence of drinking and binge drinking among pregnant women. Conclusions: Binge drinking trends related to race, gender, neighbourhood, pregnancy and household alcohol spending warrant
      further investigation and consideration for possible future alcohol interventions in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.7895/ijadr.341
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Alcohol-related family violence in Australia: Secondary data analysis of
           the National Drug Strategy Household Survey

    • Authors: Breanna Willoughby, Heng Jiang, Dan Anderson-Luxford, Anne-Marie Laslett
      Pages: 69 - 74
      Abstract: Aims:  Alcohol is a risk factor for family violence that affects partners, parents, children and other relatives. This study aims to provide estimates of the prevalence of alcohol-related family violence reported in 2016 in Australia across numerous socio-demographic groups. Methods:  This paper presents secondary data analysis of 23,749 respondents (10,840 men, 12,909 women) from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS). Alcohol-related family violence was measured by self-report as being physically or verbally abused or put in fear from a family member or partner deemed by the victim as under the influence of alcohol. Logistic regression was used to analyse which factors were associated with alcohol-related family violence.      Findings:  Analysis revealed that 5.9% of respondents (7.7% of women and 4.0% of men) reported alcohol-related family violence in the past year from either a partner or another family member. Respondents who were women (vs men), within less advantaged (vs more advantaged) socio-economic groups, risky drinkers (vs non-risky drinkers), residing in outer regional areas (vs major cities), holding a diploma (vs high school education) and single with dependents, reported higher overall rates of alcohol-related family violence. In contrast, respondents aged 55+ had significantly lower odds of experiencing alcohol-related family violence than all other age groups. Conclusions: Alcohol-related family violence was significantly more prevalent amongst respondents in a range of socio-demographic categories. Identification of these groups which are adversely affected by the drinking of family and partners can aid in informing current policy to protect those more vulnerable.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.7895/ijadr.343
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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