Journal Cover
  • Effects of Caffeine on Agility Tests on One Women's Collegiate
           Volleyball Team

    • Authors: Sarah Monnier et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of caffeine on agility tests (3-step approach,2-hand vertical leap,5-10-5 drill) on a women’s collegiate volleyball team at one Division III institution.MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT
      Vertical jump measuring device measured 3-step approach and 2-hand vertical leap measurements. A stopwatch measured the 5-10-5 drill.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:40 PDT
       
  • Effects of Rock Steady Boxing on Parkinsons Patients

    • Authors: Hannah Hall et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      Rock Steady Boxing’s (non-profit organization) program goal is improving Parkinson’s patients’ quality of life through a non-contact, boxing-based fitness class. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Parkinson’s patients perceived improvement on proprioception from one hospital-based Rock Steady Boxing Program. The program was led by athletic trainers and physical therapists.MAIN.OUTCOME.MEASURE
      Likert scale survey was used with one fill in the blank question.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:37 PDT
       
  • Comfort Levels of Male Collegiate Student Athletes in Reporting Symptoms
           of Eating Disorders

    • Authors: Maryn Herring et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the comfort levels of male student athletes at a Division III college in reporting symptoms of eating disorders to Athletic Trainers.MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT
      Likert scale questions with one open ended question.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:34 PDT
       
  • Rodeo Athletes' Perceptions of the Available Onsite Medical Care
           Provided

    • Authors: Rachel R. Kesterson et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the medical care perceptions of rodeo athletes at one Southwest Ohio rodeo as compared to others.MAIN.OUTCOME.MEASURE
      The survey was made of 23 Likert-scale questions.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:32 PDT
       
  • Mens' and Womens' DIII Soccer Athletes Anxiety Levels Due to
           Balancing Academic and Team Responsibilities

    • Authors: Kathleen Monnig et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      The purpose of this study was to investigate anxiety levels due to balancing academic and team responsibilities in one Division III womens’ and mens’ soccer teams.MAIN.OUTCOME.MEASURE
      5-point,6-point Likert scale.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:29 PDT
       
  • Effects of TikTok on the Mental Health of Men's and Women's
           Soccer Teams at One Institution

    • Authors: Hayley Suchland et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the social media platform, TikTok, on the mental health of Division III Men’s and Women’s soccer players at one institution.MAIN.OUTCOME.MEASUREMENT
      Likert scale survey.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:26 PDT
       
  • Comparison of Rehabilitation Programs Following a Latarjet Procedure: A
           Level 3 Case Study

    • Authors: Philip Wienkamp et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      Anterior shoulder dislocations cause chronic disability, often requiring surgery. Latarjet procedures are considered when the anterior glenoid fractures during shoulder dislocation. Latarjet procedures show positive outcomes with low dislocation recurrence rates, although rehabilitation guidelines are not well established. This Level-3 CASE report will compare two rehabilitation protocols.UNIQUENESS
      Our patient’s progress was significantly delayed compared to Murphy et al.’s patient. Although they had similar strength and ROM deficits in week 2, our patient required an additional 15 weeks to make similar gains. Also, our patient did not begin aggressive overhead activity until 10 weeks after Murphy et al.’s patient. Murphy et al.’s patient returned to limited participation in week 8 and full participation in week 10, while our patient did not return to limited participation until week 16.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:24 PDT
       
  • A 12-year Retrospective Analysis of VO2max Values in College-aged Student
           Athletes

    • Authors: Michelle Wilson et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      To examine VO2max values in a cohort of exercise physiology students over a 12-year time period.MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT
      Student’s VO2max values were examined for the effects of gender (males vs. females) and athletic status (athlete vs. non-athlete). Significance was set at p
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:21 PDT
       
  • Exploring the Relationship between Athletic Identity on Certain Coping
           Mechanisms in Adolescent Athletes

    • Authors: Jessica Steger et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      (1) To describe athletic identity and coping mechanisms in an adolescent athletic population, and (2) to examine the relationship between athletic identity and coping mechanisms in an adolescent population.MAIN.OUTCOME.MEASURES
      Descriptive statistics were calculated for the summated AIMS-7 score and three CISS-SSC subscale scores. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between each AIMS-7 subscale and CISS-SSC subscale. Additionally, three independent t-tests were conducted with the independent variable, low, moderate, or high AIMS score, and the dependent variables, avoidance, emotion, or task-focused CISS-SSC score. Alpha level was set at 0.05 for all analyses.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:18 PDT
       
  • Reliability and Utility of a Lumbopelvic-hip Complex Stability Assessment
           in Individuals with Patellofemoral Pain

    • Authors: Erika Zambarano et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      Lumbopelvic-hip complex (LPHC) stability is related to altered movement patterns that are present in individuals with PFP. Current studies measuring LPHC function in PFP primarily assess endurance and not stability. A test of isolated LPHC stability, the Seated Trunk Control Test (STCT) was recently developed and test-retest reliability for the STCT has been shown to be excellent in a healthy population. To improve the clinical usefulness of the STCT, we aimed to establish test-retest reliability for individuals with PFP. We hypothesized the STCT would show good-to-excellent reliability. We also compared STCT performance between healthy individuals and those with PFP. We hypothesized those with PFP would have lower TTE and greater NE.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
      Performance was measured as time to first error (TTE) and number of errors (NE) averaged between test trials. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) assessed test-retest reliability utilizing a two-way mixed-effects model with single rater (ICC[3,1]). The Mann-Whitney U Test compared performance measures between groups, p < 0.05.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:15 PDT
       
  • Caring for Pregnant and Postpartum Athletes: Athletic Trainers, Strength
           Coaches, and Athletic Coaches

    • Authors: Aly Matejka et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      A survey was created to assess the experience, education, and self-perceived competence of treating and/or training pregnant and postpartum athletes among athletic trainers, strength coaches, and coaches.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:13 PDT
       
  • Academic Resilience of Athletic Training Students During COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Brandon J. Gallimore et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      (1) To describe resilience in athletic training students enrolled in professional coursework during the spring 2020 semester, and (2) to determine the association between resilience and academic performance during the spring 2020 semester.
      MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
      Descriptive statistics for GPA were calculated for Fall 2019, Spring 2020, cumulative Fall 2019, cumulative Spring 2020 (ie., current), change in cumulative GPA, and ARS-30 total score. The primary analysis was a Pearson correlation between change in cumulative GPA and ARS-30 total score. A secondary analysis was conducted to evaluate change in cumulative Fall 2019 and Spring 2020 GPA with a paired t-test. Cohen’s d effect size was calculated for the paired t-test. Alpha level was set at 0.05.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:10 PDT
       
  • The Effects of a 6-Week Intrinsic Foot Morphology, Kinematics, and
           Kinetics in Individuals with Pes Planus

    • Authors: Rebecca Marszalek et al.
      Abstract: CONTEXT
      The intrinsic foot muscles are vital in supporting the medial longitudinal arch of the foot. Individuals with pes planus have poor foot morphology, strength, and biomechanics, warranting an intervention.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
      At pre-intervention, foot posture and arch height were assessed via the Foot Posture Index-6 and the Navicular Drop test, respectively. Cross-sectional area of the abductor hallucis was assessed using ultrasound as an indirect measure of strength. Biomechanical measures, including peak rearfoot eversion, peak tibial internal rotation, peak rearfoot eversion moment, and center of pressure excursion, were collected using 3D-motion capture and an instrumented treadmill. At post-intervention, these morphological and biomechanical measures were repeated. Descriptive statistics were calculated for each dependent variable by group and time. A repeated measures ANOVA was conducted for each dependent variable with the within subjects factor time and between subjects factor group.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:08 PDT
       
  • The Relationship between Sport Specialization and Coping Mechanisms in
           Adolescent Athletes

    • Authors: Sara Kusner et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      (1) To describe the coping mechanisms of adolescent athletes as emotion-focused, problem-focused, or avoidant-focused coping before and after injury or illness, and (2) to compare the perceived adolescent coping mechanisms across sport specialization levels (i.e., low, moderate, or high).MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT
      Demographic information was reported for the entire sample. A one-way ANOVA was conducted for each dependent variable (i.e., coping strategy) by sport specialization. For the secondary analysis the independent variable time and the dependent variable coping mechanism (i.e., task, emotion, and avoidance) were analyzed by paired t-tests. Hedge’s g effect size was calculated for any significant comparisons and alpha was set at 0.05.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:05 PDT
       
  • Adolescent Injury Rates

    • Authors: Laura Harris et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE
      To describe the frequency of adolescent athlete injury based upon injury location, injury diagnosis, activity, playing surface, weather condition, and sport.MAIN.OUTCOME MEASUREMENT
      Injury frequency per injury location, diagnosis, activity, and playing surface were determined. Injury location and diagnosis frequency were reported by weather condition. Injuries per 1000 athletic exposures were analyzed by sport.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:02 PDT
       
  • Establishing Safe thresholds to Improve Exercise Capacity in Collegiate
           Athletes with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): A Critically Appraised
           Topic

    • Authors: Emily C. Roberts et al.
      Abstract: CLINICAL SCENARIO
      Crohn’s Disease (CD), Ulcerative Colitis (UC), and Indeterminate Colitis (IC) are forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), a complex auto-immune disorder of the GI tract. IBD can present several challenges to athletic participation due to unpredictable disease activity and uncontrollable systemic symptoms that severely impact daily activities and limit exercise/sports participation. Limited studies and a lack of standard guidelines for physical activity (PA) and exercise are additional barriers for patients. The limitation of studies and absence of standard guidelines are a particular concern for Athletic Trainers who may encounter collegiate athletes with IBD and must navigate the return-to-play process following a disease flare-up or surgery. Limited sources have determined that exercise interventions (e.g., combined endurance and resistance training) of low-to-moderate intensity are safe and feasible for IBD patients, particularly those with inactive or mild-to-moderate disease activity.1 In theory, these types of interventions could promote improvements in exercise capacity in IBD patients.FOCUSED CLINICAL QUESTION
      Is there evidence to suggest that established safe exercise-intensities promote improvements in exercise capacity in collegiate athletes (18-24 years of age) with IBD'
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 06:52:00 PDT
       
 
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