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Teme : Journal of Social Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0353-7919 - ISSN (Online) 1820-7804
Published by U of Niš Homepage  [12 journals]

    • Authors: Vesna Trifunović, Danijela Zdravković, Dragana Stanojević
      Pages: 001 - 017
      Abstract: In the Republic of Serbia, education reforms have been implemented since 2000 with the aim of harmonizing this important field of society with the so-called European Education Area. The whole range of changes lawfully adopted and applied in practice at all levels of institutionalized education is mainly directed towards the standardization and unification of "domestic" education with the educational paradigms of a neoliberal society. Maintaining the continuity of cultural development and the formation of cultural identity are important issues for overall social development, and they are not given proper attention in the education strategy. In addition to that, the institutional preparation of future teachers does not sufficiently focus on this issue.In this paper we consider: (1) the normative framework that regulates the field of primary education and the formation of cultural identity in the Republic of Serbia, (2) the factors influencing the process of training future teachers for the formation of cultural identity and (3) the teachers’ competencies as a support to the formation of the cultural identity of younger school-age children.The importance of the harmonization of the basic guidelines of the normative framework regulating primary education and the formation of cultural identity with the basic intentions of preparing future teachers is emphasized. Especially from the perspective of the role of teachers in the process of establishing and preserving the cultural identity of generations reaching compulsory primary education in the context of intergenerational transmission of culture, cultural patterns and values. At the same time, the paper emphasizes the insufficient presence of content in the education of future teachers that would adequately prepare them for understanding the complex problem of forming a cultural identity.The authors point out the importance of the groundedness of future teachers’ preparation in terms of their academic knowledge of society, history and culture. The aim of the paper is to emphasize the importance of developing teachers’ competencies necessary for understanding identity issues and forming a cultural identity.The paper employs the descriptive-analytical method.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME180601001T

    • Authors: Данијела Шћепановић, Исидора Кораћ, Бојан Лазаревић
      Pages: 019 - 032
      Abstract: Recent advancements of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and the increased use of ICT related services in the field of online learning offer a range of possibilities, but also pose a challenge for administration in the institutions of higher education. A plethora of official documents dealing with the analysis of how ICT is applied in teaching practice indicate the existing gap in teachers’ digital competencies for its implementation. The paper discusses teachers’ perceptions of various aspects related to the use ICT in teaching at higher education institutions, as well as their needs for professional development in this area. The study included 211 teachers employed in higher education institutions within the Universities of Belgrade, Novi Sad, Kragujevac, Novi Pazar, and Nis. Considering the purpose of this research, the authors designed a measuring instrument comprised of open and closed-ended questions. The study results indicate that teachers recognize the need for integrating ICT in instruction, while their perception of the level of access to ICT learning resources varies depending on the given technology or ICT related services. It is identified that the practical integration of ICT in the classroom still remains at an intermediate or relatively low level. With regard to teacher perception of the intensity of utilizing different software applications in direct instruction, the overall results demonstrate that basic business/productivity application packages such as MS Office are the predominant form of software used in the classroom, followed by Learning Management Systems (LMS). Finally, it is worth noting that teachers’ perception of available professional development opportunities is considerably low, but coupled with a relatively high personal interest in participating in professional development activities. 
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200509002S

    • Authors: Nadežda Stojković
      Pages: 033 - 042
      Abstract: This paper offers an observation and discussion on the relevance and scope of presence of translation within English for Specific Purposes courses in academic settings of the Faculty of Electronic Engineering and Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš. There is concern with methodological issues of translation skills regarding domain terminology. This subsumes translation methodology, finding precise target language equivalents, as well as determining whether to translate a text, respecting the syntax of the target language, or to paraphrase it with the primary aim to most precisely convey information contained in the original. The main argument and the issue of the survey conducted with the students of both faculties is direct correlation between translation, or absence of it for that matter, and the cognition of the domain content taught. Then, there is an emphasis on a wider social context that implies inducing in students the awareness of the responsibility they as future professionals and experts in their field have towards their own mother tongue in the dissemination of content knowledge. It is common in the Serbian scientific and professional environment that the translation of scientific texts in English is done by domain experts without consulting linguists, philologists of Serbian language. The consequence is mere (and often incorrect) transliteration of English scientific terminology, and ultimately uncurbed influx of foreign terminology. Yet another argument on the relevance of the previous one is that translation enhances soft transversal skills such as thoughtfulness and critical thinking which among others benefit comprehension of the domain knowledge, as it has been noted that professors, and then students use the English terminology while speaking Serbian, where the latter group do not fully understand the content presented in such scientific ‘newspeak’. The paper presents concrete teaching practice which has for its goal inducing the students with cautiousness when choosing professional terminology in either language. 
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200112003S

    • Authors: Jelena Gajic, Marina Savkovic, Dušan Borovčanin
      Pages: 043 - 056
      Abstract: Almost two decades after the implementation of the Bologna Process in higher education around the world, the question of the applicability, justification and effectiveness of reforms implemented globally arises. The aim of this paper is to explore the attitudes, optimism versus pessimism, more precisely student representatives’"mood" regarding the implementation of the Bologna Process and Bologna tools. The overall sample consists of student representatives from 17 European Higher Education Area countries. The results of the research should be a step towards further higher education reforms, or, more precisely, a proposal to modify the existing plans, bearing in mind the different conditions and characteristics of the countries where they are implemented and their willingness to accept the reforms. The results indicate that mobility, diploma supplements and quality assurance are the most positive aspects of BP and employability, the social dimension and the financing model of higher education are weak points of BP.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200229004G

    • Authors: Jelena Maksimović, Danijela Stojanović, Jelena Osmanović
      Pages: 057 - 072
      Abstract: The aim of the action research conducted is focused on professional training and creating a favorable climate in the classroom for the development of each student. The paper emphasises how important and efficient action researches are in improving teachers’ reflective practice, as well as in providing support for its practical application. The research presented in this paper involved four stages of action research: teachers’ training, creation and realization of activities, evaluation of teachers and students and of the complete programme, as well. The formative evaluation was done by means of the questionnaire for the assessment of the accomplishments of workshop activities and interview conducted with the teachers after each of the activity was completed. The summation evaluation was done by means of the questionnaire for the assessment of the initial knowledge of the students and the ultimate knowledge they acquired regarding types and forms of violence, and reacting to and reporting peer violence. Finally, third questionnaire was used for the self-assessment of the teachers’ practice. The workshop activities included: active methods, the method of experiential learning, cooperative and problem method. The activities were realized through simultaneous individual activities, work in small groups, group discussions, talking circles and frontal forms of work. The results obtained showed positive changes among teachers regarding the acquisition of knowledge related to the preventive measures against peer violence. With regard to the students, the observed changes were related to their expansion of knowledge about violence, improvement of their mutual cooperation and higher level of tolerance in resolving conflicts. 
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200215005M

    • Authors: Lucija Đorđević, Srboljub Đorđević, Ljiljana Mitić
      Pages: 073 - 093
      Abstract:  The paper presents the results of a study aimed at examining the ability and level of writing proficiency in students with disabilities at primary school age. The sample consisted of 58 students with disabilities of primary school age. Dysgraphic Prediction Test and Lilien Lirs graphomotor array were used to assess visual perception and graphomotor skills, while the handwriting was evaluated by the Scale for Assessment of Dysgraphic Forms in handwriting. The obtained results show that a large number of subjects (24 or 41,4%) did not score a single point on Dysgraphic Prediction Test, while only 21 subjects (36,2%) successfully completed the test (M = 7,98, SD = 7,062). Also, the obtained results show that the highest number of respondents (39 or 67,2%) did not score a single point on the Lilian Lirs test, while only 10 respondents or 17,2% successfully completed the test (M = 1,60, SD = 2,46). Using the Scale for the Assessment of Dysgraphic Forms in handwriting, we found that out of 22 written samples, 9 students (41%) have a well-developed handwriting, 8 (36%) have an ugly handwriting, 3 (14%) respondents have dysgraphic handwriting, while 2 (9%) respondents have a pronounced dysgraphic handwriting. Out of the total number of respondents, 36 (62%) of the sample students could not write the appropriate text on the basis of which the sample of the handwriting was taken. The obtained results provide the exact knowledge of the presence of difficulties in adopting writing by students with disabilities.Teaching students with disabilities, according to the results obtained, imperatively imposes the need to respect the developmental characteristics of this population of students and the individualization of the initial teaching of writing. This involves major changes to the standards and outcomes of achievements required by the regular curriculum and the development of an IOP for each student with more complex individualized contents to support the child in order to adopt writing. However, effective work with this student population also entails the need to adopt special curricula intended for teaching in schools for students with disabilities.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190//TEME200220047D

    • Authors: Darko Trifunović
      Pages: 095 - 109
      Abstract:  Over time, terrorism has evolved into different forms. One of the most dangerous is certainly cyber terrorism. There are many different motivations for terrorists to deploy cyber terrorism as a tool in their fight. Internet and computer networks are powerful resources on which contemporary society relies heavily. Terrorist groups have developed new tools and methods of the fight and they have become more effective, efficient, and unpredictable. Virtual, or cyberspace, is perfect and very safe ground for terrorist groups’ various activities, such are secret encrypted communication, file sharing, indoctrination and recruitment of vulnerable individuals, fundraising and promotions of their future actions and accomplishments spreading fear among common people. Are we adequately aware of these facts and prepared for countermeasures' The fact is that terrorists use mostly open-source tools (software) for their purposes, widely available and free of charge, as well as video games, popular social networks (mostly Twitter), and software developed by their programmers. The purpose of this paper is to point out some of the methods radical Islamic terrorist groups have been using and underline the importance of responding to this new security challenge.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME201119006T

    • Authors: Оливера Павићевић, Љепосава Илијић, Ивана Степановић
      Pages: 111 - 128
      Abstract: Changes in penal policy which is a part of the neoliberal paradigm have political significance and social consequences within and outside prison communities. The prison population is growing despite the fall and stagnation of the crime rate in developed countries which creates a paradox mirrored in the politics of the neoliberal regulation. It is connected to the “new penology” which unlike the “old” penology sees the prison community as a statistical collective which entails a particular risk for the realization of the set governing goals. Since there is a shift from “hard” to “soft” power within prison communities, this paper discusses the disciplinary effects of this process. It showcases the effects of various projects which have introduced philosophy into prison environments as a way to encourage individual identity growth and inspire the return of practices of rehabilitation as a psychological, moral and social recovery of an individual.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME190705007P

    • Authors: Miroslav Mitrović, Dragan Vasiljević
      Pages: 129 - 144
      Abstract: Strategic communication is one of the expressions of state power and the instrument for achieving political and the security of national interests. In the context of contemporary conflicts, it is an appearance of hybrid action in the fields of information, the media, the Internet and the wide spectrum of public diplomacy performances. The main goal of strategic communication (SC) is to influence public opinion. In addition, SC strives to move the focus of the public towards cultural values as well as the adjustment of the political system. The main task of strategic communication (SC) is to influence public opinion and its focus on cultural values, the possible adaptation of the political system by "reprogramming" political culture in accordance with the goals set by psychological influence. One of the main channels for influence are social networks. In the paper, we used a multi-criterion analysis to identify the method of prevention pertaining to psychological manipulations in the cyberspace. This paper suggests preventive measures against negative impacts of social networks. In the paper, we used the Analytic Hierarchical Processes for the analysis of hierarchy in the application of preventive measures. Based on the obtained results, we developed and presented the application of preventive measures, to prevent the harmful effects of psychological manipulations in the cyberspace.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200218008M

    • Authors: Sanja Arezina
      Pages: 145 - 164
      Abstract: The Sino-Western Balkans cooperation has advanced significantly since the Great Recession and the Eurozone crisis. Relations were developed at the bilateral and multilateral levels, within the "One Belt, One Road" Initiative (Belt and Road Initiative – BRI) which was promoted in 2013 and which included the previously established Mechanism of Cooperation between China and the Central and Eastern European Countries ("17+1" Mechanism). Although the Chinese President Xi Jinping called BRI a "project of the century" in 2017, new international circumstances caused by the intensified the Sino-US rivalry and the COVID-19 pandemic made the Chinese leadership reconsider activities and funding abroad, and adjust the new 14th Five-Year Plan with changes that have taken place in the past five years. They decided that China will focus on "dual circulation" in the coming period, i.e. to reduce the numerous activities and investments (and loans) within the BRI, and to redirect funds to investing in domestic capacities. In this article, the author discusses the China-Western Balkans relations from 1949 until 2013 when the BRI implementation started, the factors influencing China’s cooperation with the Western Balkans and analyzes the progress of cooperation after the start of the BRI implementation compared to the previous period. In order to prove the basic hypothesis, that Sino-Western Balkan cooperation within the "Belt and Road" Initiative will continue to develop in a positive direction, despite the influence of negative factors, and above all due to the good results achieved within the "Belt and Road" Initiative in 2013, the author uses the structural-functional analysis, comparative analysis, induction and deduction.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200131009A

    • Authors: Aleksandra Ilić Petković
      Pages: 165 - 178
      Abstract: The legal framework for occupational safety and health is a key factor in effective policy implementation in this area at the local level. Employees in local self-government units perform tasks of immediate interest for the local population and, because of that, their workplace safety and health is an important issue. Given that there is not much research on the safety and health of employees in local self-government units in the countries of Southeast Europe, there is a need for the analysis of the protection provided by the applicable regulations. The conducted research shows that this category of employees is not specifically recognized either in the regulations on occupational safety and health or in the regulations on local self-government. It is desirable to improve the quality of legal protection which will contribute to the improvement of the workplace safety and health of these employees and will improve the quality of work in local self-governments.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME191106010I

    • Authors: Novak Krstić
      Pages: 179 - 192
      Abstract: In terms of content, compulsory share is the most efficient and effective testation restriction. In the European Continental legal systems, this institution allows a testator’s family members to inherit a legally defined portion of the inheritance against the testator’s will. In modern legal theory and practice, the question is increasingly raised regarding the justifiability of guaranteeing the compulsory share. Views advocating a comprehensive restriction, even an outright abolition, of this institution are gaining prominence, arguing as they are for each individual to thus be able to fully exercise their property rights as they see fit. Although this has been the subject of fierce debate in legal circles recently, one must bear in mind that the compulsory share is a very important inheritance law institution with multiple functions, and that it should not be called into question in Europe. Therefore, the present author outlines the classical theories justifying the existence of the institution of compulsory share, analyses their basic tenets and ideas, and goes on to put forward his observations regarding which arguments can be used to defend regulating compulsory inheritance in modern legal systems.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200207092K

    • Authors: Margareta Bašaragin, Svenka Savić
      Pages: 193 - 211
      Abstract: In 2000 certain democratic changes happened in Serbia. They instilled hopes that everyday life will be more democratic in every segment, especially when gender equality is concerned (equality for the different, that is, women). The degree to which a society is democratic could be measured in different ways. One of them is the presence of visuals (drawings, etc.) or presence of any other form of material culture.The aim of this paper is to examine the degree of democratic changes in multinational, multi-confessional and multilingual Serbia during the last decade as it relates to the absence of linguistic codes, and using postage stamps to depict women (2006-2018). The corpus consists of all the postage stamps printed during the period, but only those depicting women were analysed. The analysis of the text on postage stamps opens up a theoretical question “What is text”'We here introduce the criterion of ‘implied knowledge’ as a measure for the understanding of the meaning of text on a stamp, more accurately, as a measure of the presence of an implicit discrimination towards notable women.The results reveal the following: 1. there are only several women who got the privilege to be presented on a postage stamp in this period; 2. all of them originate from the Serbian culture and none from other national communities. This clearly shows that the ideological decision is in question.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME191014011B

    • Authors: Ksenija Markovic Božović
      Pages: 213 - 229
      Abstract: Today, public theatre is directed toward adapting to its contemporary socio-economic context. In doing this, it is trying to preserve its artistic values and at the same time fulfill and diversify its social functions and missions. When we talk about public theatre’s social function, i.e. the public value it produces, some of the main issues concern its contribution to the most pressing social matters. In general, these issues concern public theatre’s role in strengthening social cohesion, cultural emancipation and social inclusion, its role in the process of opening dialogues, revising formal history and re-examining traditional forms of thinking. Fulfilment of these functions is strongly linked with the character of public theatre’s audiences. In more practical terms, the scope of public theatre’s social influence is dependent on how homogenous its audiences are. If one considers artistic organizations’ need for sustainability as a key factor in their need for constantly widening their audience, and particularly the inclusion of “others” (those not belonging to the dominant cultural group), in the context of contemporary society’s need for social and cultural inclusion, then the task of today’s public theatres becomes rather difficult. Simply said, there are too many needs to be met at the same time. The main questions this paper is asking is: to what extent do Belgrade’s public theatres understand the importance of diversifying its audiences, and how do they perceive their social role' Starting from the fact that human capital is the primary resource and success factor of any theatre organization, we explore in what manner management and employees in these theatres address these issues, i.e. how they redefine theatre’s social role and attract audiences that do not fit the dominant theatre audience model.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME190702012M

    • Authors: Biljana Jaredić, Jelena Minić, Tatjana Radojević
      Pages: 231 - 246
      Abstract: The main objective of this research is to determine how much adolescents prefer certain types of structured free time and unstructured time (leisure time), as well as their connection with risky behavior of adolescents in social crisis. The sample consists of a number of adolescents (N = 287), 116 or 40.4% of male and 171 or 59.6% of female respondents, age from 18 to 24, average age is 20.44 years (AS = 20.44, SD = 2.75) living in the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Leisure and Leisure Assessment Questionnaire (constructed only for research purpose), Risk Behavior Rating Scale (RBRS), Scaar, 2009 were used in this research. The data was processed through descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analysis and the T-test. Results showed that adolescents mostly prefer internet as an unstructured activity and the least preferred is the theater as the structured one. A negative correlation was obtained between academic success and risky behavior, which indicates that if adolescents achieve better results in academic career, they have less propensity for risky behavior. According to the results, boys are more prone to risky behavior than girls, and risky behavior of adolescents can be predicted with 14% variance (significant predictors are unstructured leisure time and the gender of adolescents). Within our work, our objective is to bring attention to the importance of a structured way of spending leisure time regarding adolescents, with necessary engagement of experts from different areas.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME190911013J

    • Authors: Jelena Opsenica Kostić, Milica Mitrović, Damjana Panić
      Pages: 247 - 263
      Abstract: Conception with donated oocytes represents an important option for overcoming sterility, but brings with it numerous dilemmas, which have been dealt with differently in various European countries. In the Republic of Serbia, anonymous oocyte donation is legal, and donors include women from the general population, and women undergoing IVF. This is a new phenomenon in our society, for which the law requires promotion. In order for the campaign to be appropriate, it is necessary to learn about existing attitudes. This research was carried out with the aim of determining the attitudes of students towards egg donation (N = 503; 206 young men, 297 young women). A questionnaire was used, designed based on the scale used by Swedish authors to study the attitudes of potential donors (Skoog-Svanberg, Lampic, Bergh, & Lundkvist, 2003). The obtained results indicate that there are generally positive attitudes towards oocyte donation, but that most respondents are reserved regarding the issue of propagating donors in the media. Most of the respondents are unsure regarding donation from IVF, and when asked about donor anonymity and the right of the child to learn its genetic origin, they showed signs of oscillating and supporting contradictory options. Even though this study was carried out on a student population, it is possible to identify significant guidelines for the start of the promotion of voluntary egg donation in RS, as well as implications for future research.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME191031047O

    • Authors: Branka Jablan, Marta Sjeničić
      Pages: 265 - 279
      Abstract: Results of numerous studies emphasize insufficient system efficacy in the realization of reproductive rights of women with disabilities. These women usually claim that the services related to this area are often unreachable and inaccessible, that they lack the information on reproductive health in the necessary form, that they encounter stereotypes and prejudices related to their sexuality and their realization in the role of a partner in a relationship and marriage. Visually impaired women are especially sensitive to this topic. Therefore, it often happens that they ignore certain health problems, contact the gynecologist too late, which can lead to late diagnosis. One of the impressions is also that the level of their knowledge about reproductive health increases with the number of their interactions and informal education through mass media.The aim of this paper is to depict the existing international and national normative frame which regulates the reproductive health of women with disabilities and to emphasize the problems related to the reproductive health of visually impaired women. It will also provide recommendations for amendments of the national normative frame.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200407014J

    • Authors: Ivana Isailović, Jelena Šakotić Kurbalija
      Pages: 281 - 298
      Abstract: The problem of this study was to explore the relationship between Facebook-related behaviors and characteristics of romantic relationships. Based on the results of previous research, we assumed that there would be significant gender differences in the frequency and manner of using Facebook, that there would be a significant relationship between the attachment style and Facebook monitoring and Facebook-related conflicts, and that Facebook monitoring and Facebook-related conflicts would significantly predict relationship quality. The sample consisted of 201 respondents from Serbia, 42.5% of which were male. Using the Dyadic adjustment scale - DAS (Spanier, 1976, 1989), Interpersonal electronic surveillance - IES (Tokunaga, 2011; modification Tucker, 2014), The Facebook-related Conflict Scale (Clayton, Nagurney, & Smith, 2013) and Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory - ECR (Brennan, Clark, & Shaver, 1998; modification Kamenov & Jelic, 2003), results showed that women use Facebook and post the relationship status and pictures with a partner more often than men and that people with an insecure attachment style more often engage in Facebook monitoring. Also, results showed that Facebook-related conflicts are a significant predictor of relationship quality. The present study contributes to the understanding of romantic relationship dynamics in the age of social networking sites, by pointing to the relational factors that are potentially at risk because of Facebook use.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200130015I

    • Authors: Milan Marković, Ivana Marjanović
      Pages: 299 - 314
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to identify the episodes of currency crises in the Republic of Serbia using the exchange market pressure (EMP) index. The country's resilience to currency crises prevents the collapse of the currency and the transfer of negative effects to the entire financial and real sector, so the research and assessment of the factors of currency crises is extremely important. The survey shows that the strongest strikes on the Serbian dinar were in the period of the global financial crisis in 2008, so that adjusting to shocks from abroad is crucial for the sustainability of the applied managed floating exchange rate regime. On the other hand, the stability of the national currency depends mainly on the achieved macroeconomic results, which are presented globally using the misery index.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME190415016M

    • Authors: Igor Trišić
      Pages: 315 - 330
      Abstract: To determine the state of sustainable tourism development in the protected natural areas of AP Vojvodina, it is important to analyze and correlate certain indicators of sustainable tourism. It is also important to analyze the opinion of visitors according to the selected protected natural areas, from the perspective of experiences and potential suggestions for specific interventions, to improve the state of natural values and improve the area protection. As a final result, it can provide significant benefits for all participants of sustainable tourism development. This paper analyzed and presented the results of visitor responses regarding 5 selected protected natural areas on the territory of AP Vojvodina. These areas represent a significant sample for analysis and the results of the research can influence the overall assessment of the sustainable tourism development of the Province. Using the correlation method of obtained average values of estimated sustainability indicators, the relation of these indicators to sustainable tourism was defined. The results obtained can influence the constitution of proposals for the improvement of the natural values of these areas through the proper implementation of nature protection. By enhancing these natural values, benefits are provided to all participants in sustainable tourism development.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200129017T

    • Authors: Ivana Kostadinović, Sunčica Stanković
      Pages: 331 - 347
      Abstract: The continuous expansion and diversification of tourism in recent decades have led to this branch of industry to become one of the largest and fastest growing in the world. Well-planned tourism generates benefits to destinations by increased revenue from tourism and employment. In this connection, the quality of tourism services, and this is the tourists’ satisfaction with the quality of tourism services provided, as a precursor of loyalty, become crucial for the successful development of tourism. The subject of this research are satisfaction and loyalty as indicators of tourism product element quality. The aim of this study is to explore the connection between tourists’ satisfaction with the quality of catering services, accommodation services, transportation services and in terms of the specific tourism event with their age structure and region they visited, as well as the connection between satisfaction of tourists with the quality of the elements of the tourist product and loyalty. In order to achieve this objective, the sample included 381 respondents. Answers that are relevant for the analysis yielded 357 respondents. For statistical analysis, multivariate analysis of variance and discriminant analysis were used. Research results indicated that there were significant statistical differences between the age structure and tourists’ satisfaction, that these also corresponded to the region visited, and tourist loyalty depends on their satisfaction with the quality of elements of the tourist product.  
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME190914018K

    • Authors: Đorđe Ćuzović, Svetlana Sokolov-Mladenović
      Pages: 349 - 366
      Abstract: Intra-industrial trade is the exchange of products between countries in the same sector of the economy. A significant part of export and import in goods takes place within the same sector of the economy. This paper analyzes the intra-industrial trade in agricultural products of Serbia and its foreign trade partners from 2004 to 2018. The Grubel-Lloyd intra-industrial trade index was used as a measure. The value of GLI in agricultural products increased over the observed period, ranging from 0.485 to 0.590 as in 2018, while the number of IIT-dominated groups ranged from 26 to 35. The results obtained indicate that vertical IIT is more prevalent than horizontal IIT and that the export of products with lower prices dominates, i. e. those that are, according to the assumptions of the model, of lower quality than the imported products. Dynamic change analysis shows that certain changes in the IIT pattern occur over time, but that changes are gradual without sudden peaks in the IIT structure.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200210019C

    • Authors: Aleksandar Đorđević, Biljana Rakić
      Pages: 367 - 382
      Abstract: Public-private partnership (PPP) has been getting momentum in market economies since the 1990s. Originally, it was created as a way of financing infrastructure projects, but its application since then has covered areas such as education, healthcare, high technology and many others. As the bulk of research in the domain of PPP is on the microeconomic impact and the analysis of the success of concrete PPP projects, the aim of this paper is to integrate these findings into a broader framework depicting macroeconomic aspects of public-private partnership. The existing literature, although not as extensive, points to several aspects that may affect economic development on the local, regional, and national levels, with greater adoption of PPP projects and their implementation. The paper introduces explanations for the elements of risk sharing between public and private partners, economic benefits, and costs in PPP, as well as the specific PPP channels of influence on the national economy and the PPP system dynamic model. One of the objectives is the analysis of the existing concept for estimating macroeconomic impacts of PPP, which could be used for evaluating its potential contribution to the growth and development of the national economy. 
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200213020D
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    • Authors: Miroslav Pešić
      Pages: 383 - 402
      Abstract: This paper shows the efforts of the Governorship, and especially Jovan Ristic’s efforts during the four-year mandate, to gather a large number of Liberals around him using various means. Most of the Liberals accepted the regime of the Governorship hoping that it would soften the political-bureaucratic regime by introducing certain reforms. The second governor, Jovan Ristic, together with the first one, Blaznavac, gathered political supporters around him using all levers of power, not even excluding the liberals of St. Andrea’s assembly, even though they had never seen him as their political ally. Despite the fact that he stood with an enemy of the liberals, Ilija Garasanin, Ristic managed to impose himself as their leader. This statesman started the reign with the movement of liberals, although he did not believe in the ideas of liberalism himself.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME181222021P

    • Authors: Jovana Marceta
      Pages: 403 - 405
      Abstract: Book Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
      DOI: 10.22190/TEME200602022M
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