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Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.111
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1451-740X - ISSN (Online) 2406-0496
Published by U of Niš Homepage  [12 journals]
  • MOTOR AND INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN: A REVIEW

    • Authors: Milan Čoh
      Pages: 515 - 523
      Abstract: The aim of this narrative review article is to present the effects of physical activity on the motor and cognitive development of children. Early childhood is one of the most critical periods in a child's physical and intellectual development. As much as seventy percent of the brain's connections develop during the pre-school years, these connections form the basis and framework for the child's later abilities and characteristics. A physically stimulating and varied environment undoubtedly has a significant impact on the mental functions of children. The brain is designed to learn and solve problems, initially simple, later complex. The earliest challenges that the brain needs to solve are related to movement. Children solve these problems spontaneously, intuitively, and in an unstructured manner. Later, with more organized movements, children acquire various motor skills, abilities, and sensory experiences, thereby gaining a new understanding of themselves and their surroundings. These insights and experiences will equip the child for the challenges and problems they will face later in life. Children enter into social interactions and group dynamics through movement and acquire a sense of autonomy and independence. A stimulating and varied motor environment undoubtedly has a significant impact on children's intellectual function and, thus, on the development of their potential abilities.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200918049C
       
  • THE VERTICAL JUMP AND SPRINT PERFORMANCE AS DETERMINANTS OF AGILITY AMONG
           MALE ADOLESCENTS

    • Authors: Zoran Momčilović, Darko Stojanović, Vladimir Momčilović
      Pages: 525 - 533
      Abstract: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the relationship between the vertical jump (VJ) and sprint performance with agility among male adolescents. The study was conducted on 42 male elementary school students, (age, 13±0.5 years). Among the predictor variables, the Squat Jump (SJ) and Countermovement Jump (CMJ) VJ height were assessed by the Optojump (Microgate, Italy) optical system, and sprint times at 5, 10 and 30 m were assessed using the photocells timing system Witty (Microgate, Italy). Agility as a criterion was assessed with the agility T-test, timed also with photocells. Obtained results showed a significant negative relationship between SJ, CMJ and agility (r=-0.52; -0.58, respectively) and a positive relationship between sprint times at 5, 10 and 30 m and agility (r=0.43; 0.53; 0.57, respectively). A backward stepwise regression analysis showed that the CMJ was the best single predictor of agility (R2=0.34). The results of this study illustrate that enhancing jump and sprint performance will bring better times in agility performance. Finally, the CMJ has best influence on agility among all the predictor variables.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200723050M
       
  • RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF CHANGE-OF-DIRECTION SPEED TESTS FOR JUNIOR
           BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    • Authors: Nenad Selaković, Željko Krneta
      Pages: 535 - 545
      Abstract: The main goal of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of change-of-direction speed (CODS) tests for junior basketball players and to test the differences between the positions of players on the team. On a sample of 66 junior basketball players (18.2±3.18 years), the CODS was tested using the following tests: the Lane Agility Test (LAT), Zigzag Agility Test (ZAT), Agility T-test and Modified Agility T-test. Body height and body mass were used as control variables. α-Cronbach's coefficient was calculated to determine the reliability and internal consistency of the measurements, as well as the average correlation between the trials of each test. The difference between groups of players was tested by MANCOVA. CODS tests showed good to high reliability (interclass correlations ranged from 0.83-0.93 with a variability of 4.4% to 6.4% for the entire sample). The first principal component was determined, which included 83% of the total variance of the analyzed variables. Very high coefficients of internal validity of all the applied tests (0.93-0.98) were obtained on the common subject of defined measurements. Significant differences were found between groups of players by position in favor of outside players (guards) on two tests LAT and ZAT (F=18.023; 8.559 and p≤0.005) with control of the influence of body height and body mass. All tests can be rated as reliable and valid for junior basketball players. LAT proved to be the most suitable for assessing the CODS in young basketball players, with the best discrimination of players by position on the team.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200809051S
       
  • THE ROLE OF FOOTBALL IN THE GREEK POST WAR SOCIETY THROUGH THE PRISM OF
           ANDREAS FRANGIAS’ NOVEL PEOPLE AND HOUSES

    • Authors: Tamara Kostić Pahnoglu, Tanja Cvetković
      Pages: 547 - 552
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to examine the role of football in the lives of the novel’s characters, in what way football is represented in Greek society in the early post war period, as well as to which extent this role is similar to the role of football in current society. It turned out that that role was extremely big, football was the only possibility for entertainment and relaxation, but also much more than that. Football matches were a place of gathering and strengthening of unity, an opportunity to belong to the community and to be accepted, but also a source of faith and hope for a better future and a place where the people could still win with the same zeal with which they looked at war victories. Nowadays, fan enthusiasm and belonging to a team are equally pronounced, but football now shares its social role from the post-war period with other sports that have become accessible to the public. The fact is, however, that no other sport has surpassed the love and passion for football.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200709052K
       
  • SPORTS AND EXERCISE MEDICINE IN THE COVID-19 ERA -LET’S MAKE IT A
           GOOD MARATHON RUN

    • Authors: Milena Tomović
      Pages: 553 - 557
      Abstract: The aim of this short narrative review is to investigate the role of sports and exercise medicine (SEM) in managing the current and future pandemics. The coronavirus outbreak caught the whole world by surprise and very quickly imposed the long run ahead of us, changing every aspect of modern living. Being primarily a health crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic placed the biggest strain on the medical community and science. Our understanding of the new circumstances is constantly being updated with new scientific data and medical and other professions directly dealing with the pandemic has to provide the best available (evidence-based) approach. SEM expertise has a huge impact on population’s general health and its role in dealing with COVID-19 and future pandemics has to be recognised in several aspects. The multidisciplinary, prevention-orientated, and structured approach of SEM can be crucial for health-oriented community changes.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES181010053T
       
  • RELIABILITY OF TESTS FOR SPEED AND AGILITY ASSESSMENT IN CADET BASKETBALL
           PLAYERS

    • Authors: Miloš Lukić, Adam Petrović, Nemanja Ćopić, Svetlana Petronijević, Srećko Jovanović
      Pages: 559 - 566
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to determine whether the Illinois test (IL), T-test (Tt), 4x5m Shuttle run (4x5m), 20 m Sprint (S20m), 10 m Sprint (S10m) are reliable tests in assessing the speed and agility of cadet basketball players. The strategy of this research involved a traditional quantitative approach to research with a correlation studies design. The total sample consisted of 38 male participants. The mean age of the participants was -AGE=16.03 years, body height-BH=183.5 cm; body mass-BM=74.1 kg; Body Mass Index-BMI=22.08 kg/m2. The most reliable agility test when performing without a ball is ILNB, while less reliable are TtNB and the 4x5mNB, both without a ball. A reliable test that is performed without a ball to assess the speed of a cadet basketball player is the S10mNB. On the other hand, all speed and agility tests when performed with a ball are reliable for testing cadet basketball players. The proposed speed and agility tests have proven to be reliable for cadet basketball players.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200615054L
       
  • RELIABILITY OF TESTS FOR MEASURING ISOMETRIC FORCE OF THE MUSCLES WHILE
           SHOOTING IN BASKETBALL

    • Authors: Dušan Stanković, Miodrag Kocić, Saša Milenković, Saša Bubanj
      Pages: 567 - 575
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to determine the isometric muscle force (IMF) of the dominant arm in the position directly before the basketball shooting, and to check test reliability. Fifteen male basketball players (age 17±1 years, body height 185.60±6.31 cm; body mass 78.07±8.56 kg) with at least 5 years of the basketball experience, were subjected to a muscle manual test (shoulder flexion, elbow extension and wrist flexion), using a hand-held dynamometry (HDD). High values of relative reliability are reported in each of the tests (0.79, 0.82, and 0.84, respectively). Cronbach's alpha coefficient indicated the values of reliability during shoulder flexion, elbow extension and wrist flexion range from 0.779, 0.807, 0.848 respectively, presenting the results of the reliability as high. The applied F test provides a statistically significant Intraclass Correlation Coefficient at the level of p<0.001 for each test.  Absolute reliability is displayed through the coefficient of variation, and meets the criterion which ranged between 5.6 to 7.8%. HDD was determined to be reliable in terms of measuring IMF.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
       
  • THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE AGILITY OF ADOLESCENT SOCCER PLAYERS AND THEIR
           BODY COMPOSITION

    • Authors: Miklós Koltai, Ádám Gusztafik, Katalin Nagyváradi, Bálint Szeiler, Szabolcs Halasi, Josip Lepeš
      Pages: 577 - 588
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine body composition (BC) factors that influence agility among adolescent soccer players (N=66), in U14, U16, U18 soccer teams of the Topola Sport Club. Agility tests (Dribbling test, Illinois test), Inbody 720 instrument measuring the BC, and Oxa Starter infrared timing gate instrument measuring speed the agility were used. Data are processed by the IBM SPSS Statistics 25 software. In addition to descriptive statistics, a correlation matrix analysis, linear regression and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were also applied (p<0.05). A moderate correlation between agility with a ball and without a ball (r=0.595) is determined as well as between agility and BC parameters: Skeletal Muscle Mass, Intracellular Water Mass, Protein Mass, Mineral Mass (r=-0.453, -0.454, -0.453, -0.417, respectively) while the correlation between agility and Height, Mass, Body Mass Index, Right Leg Lean Mass, Left Leg Lean Mass, Extracellular Water Mass is less than moderate (r=-0.318, -0.329, -0.276, -0.332, -0.330, -0.374, respectively). A slight correlation is determined between agility with a ball and BC variables. No correlation was determined between Agility and Body Fat Mass. The influence of BC on agility is lower than expected. Using the scientific based approach and measurements, a complex exercise plan can be made for players and in this way young soccer players can be trained by using tailor-made and post-specified coaching methods.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES201111056K
       
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BASIC PERSONALITY DIMENSIONS AND DISPOSITIONAL COPING
           STRATEGIES IN VOLLEYBALL

    • Authors: Ana Vesković, Ana Orlić, Goran Nešić
      Pages: 589 - 600
      Abstract: Athletes' coping strategies are important factors that contribute to competitive achievement and psychological well-being. The first aim of the current study was to explore the direct and interactive effects of Five Factor personality dimensions on dispositional coping strategies. The second aim was to test the second-order factorial structure of the Dispositional Coping Inventory for Competitive Sport (DCICS). The sample included 166 female volleyball players of mean age 15.01 years (SD=.87), and mean sports experience of 4.81 years (SD=1.85). They completed the NEO-FFI inventory and DCICS. Explorative factor analyses indicated two second order solutions with high reliability coefficients: task- and emotion-oriented coping strategies. The Paired samples t-test showed that young female athletes more often apply task-oriented strategies than emotion-oriented strategies. The regression analysis showed that some Five-Factor personality dimensions independently predicted the use of higher order coping dimensions. Conscientiousness was the only positive predictor of task-oriented strategies. Neuroticism was positive and agreeableness is a negative predictor of emotion-oriented coping strategies. No interaction effects of personality dimensions on dispositional coping were founded. These findings suggest that the Five-Factor personality model can predict the coping strategies that athletes frequently use. Findings also emphasize the need for more studies aimed to investigate this complex relationship including potential moderator effects of different variables such as gender, sport experience, competitive achievement, and different sports disciplines.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES191008057V
       
  • MUSCLE ACTIVATION DURING FOREHAND AND BACKHAND DRIVES IN THE SPORT
           DISCIPLINE OF TENNIS

    • Authors: Vasilios Koronas, Nikolaos Koutlianos
      Pages: 601 - 609
      Abstract: Tennis is one of the most popular individual sports all over the world. Strength and trained muscles are required for a player in order to achieve a good backhand, forehand, volley or flat stroke. Especially while playing tennis are many kinds of muscles involved, including the lower body muscles, trunk muscles and upper body muscles. The purpose of this review is to present the activated muscles in the basic tennis movements of forehand and backhand and to improve the knowledge about their role in order to help tennis players and coaches to enhance their tennis performance and to reduce risk of injury. To support the present review, data were gathered from library and network databases using keywords such as tennis, muscles, forehand, and backhand for publications between 2015 and 2019. Overall, thirty-five references were detected and used. The literature showed that forehand and backhand drives are strokes that involve muscles not only of the upper limbs but also a series of more complex movements that start with the feet and end with the swinging of the tennis racket. The insight for the action of the muscles in tennis should be utilized in tennis players so as to better understand the muscular function which takes part in specific tennis movements and has a greater performance. In addition, this knowledge is considered strongly beneficial for the coaches and the favourable building of the training process.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES201130058K
       
  • SELF-PERCEPTION OF SPORTING ABILITIES OF FEMALE ATHLETES WHEN COMPARED
           WITH SAME-SEX AND OPPOSITE-SEX ATHLETES

    • Authors: Jovana Trbojević, Jelica Petrović
      Pages: 611 - 619
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine how top-level female soccer and volleyball players, and young, cadet and junior female volleyball players view themselves, their abilities, and their specific motor skills for sport in relation to other female and male athletes. In Study 1, the sample consisted of 24 female top soccer and volleyball players of the highest sporting rank in Serbia. In Study 2, the sample consisted of 31 female cadet and junior volleyball players. They all filled out a brief questionnaire regarding self-perception about their sporting abilities, when compared with same-sex and opposite-sex athletes of the same rank, sport and age. The results of Study 1 show that female top soccer and volleyball players perceive themselves as less competent when compared with male athletes of the same sport and age (t(22)=5.97, p=.00). The results of Study 2 show that female cadet and junior volleyball players perceive themselves as less competent in Serve strength (t(29)=3.27, p=.030) and Physical endurance and strength (t(29)=2.52, p=.017) when compared with male volleyball players of the same age. The obtained results call for further examination of gender differences in perceived self-competence.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200510059K
       
  • PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND MUSIC EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE POSSIBILITY
           OF USING THE INTEGRATED LEARNING APPROACH AS A REFLECTION OF MODERN
           SOCIETY

    • Authors: Aleksandar Stojadinović, Danijela Zdravković, Vesna Zdravković
      Pages: 621 - 634
      Abstract: The goal of this paper is to find and examine an effective methodological model that would enable students to adopt the learning content of children’s folk dances accompanied by singing more successfully, and to develop a better sense of coordination, through the integration of Physical Education and Music Education. An experimental method with two parallel groups (EG – experimental and CG – control group) was applied. The experimental program was based on the recommended learning topics including children’s folk dances accompanied by singing for the subjects Music Education and Physical Education. The integrated approach was applied with the students from the EG in learning about children’s folk dances accompanied by singing, while the traditional learning approach was used with the students from the CG (they did not learn about the children’s folk dances accompanied by singing through the integrated learning approach). In this research, a testing technique was applied with the students from both the EG and CG in order to check the level of coordination, and the instruments used were the Coordination Ability Assessment. The results obtained indicate that the students from the EG showed better coordination skills compared to the students who were not included in the experimental program. It is important to emphasize that the results obtained proved the connection between physical abilities and movement techniques in children’s folk dances accompanied by singing, which supports the need to start with coordination practice as early as possible in primary school, which will bring good results in individuals’ life later on.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200609060S
       
  • THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHER-STUDENT COMMUNICATION ON THE IMPORTANCE OF
           PHYSICAL EDUCATION

    • Authors: Carlota Krahe, Paloma Escamilla-Fajardo, Samuel López-Carril
      Pages: 635 - 647
      Abstract: During adolescence, there is a significant risk of sports abandonment associated with sedentarism and overweight. For this reason, Physical Education (PE) classes should be an opportunity to bring physical activity and sport closer to schoolchildren developing, and consolidating healthy lifestyle habits. Considering the importance that teaching communication procedures can have in the motivation of students, and given the lack of specific studies that investigate the influence of these processes on the motivation to practice sport in the context of PE, the aim of this study is to determine the effect of the teacher's communicational dimensions (challenging, encouragement and praise, non-verbal support, understanding and friendliness, and controlling) on the perception of the importance given to PE. The sample was composed of a total of 203 PE students between 10 and 16 years old. The mean (M), standard deviation (SD), skewness (S) and kurtosis (K) of the dimensions of the Teacher Communication (TC) and Importance of Physical Education (IPE) were analysed. In order to determine the relationship between the variables analysed, Pearson’s correlation is used. With an aim of determining the effect of the perception of the TC in the classroom on the students' IPE, linear regression is carried out. In data processing, the SPSS 23.0 software is used. The results obtained show that the TC has an effect of 19.7% on IPE. Understanding and friendliness, and controlling dimension are being analysed with the highest standardized regressions coefficient in students' perception of IPE.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200916061E
       
  • PEDAGOGICAL, COGNITIVE AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF DIGITALISATION IN
           PHYSICAL EDUCATION

    • Authors: Jelena Osmanović, Jelena Maksimović, Milica Dimitrijević
      Pages: 649 - 665
      Abstract: The implementation of digital education technology into the school subject of physical education (PE) has become a challenging trend of contemporary pedagogy. This paper emphasises the importance of the pedagogical, cognitive and methodological aspects of digitalisation in PE. The research presented examined the attitudes of PE teachers in primary and secondary schools towards digitalisation in PE. The research has three goals: 1. Theoretical-the review of all the international and national sources relevant for the perception of the theoretical aspects of introducing digitalisation into physical education teaching; 2. Cognitive-the study of PE teachers’ attitudes towards digitalisation in PE as a school subject; 3. Applicable-a contribution to raising awareness about the importance of PE improvement. The methods used in the empirical research were the descriptive method, the survey and scaling technique with a questionnaire as the instrument and the assessment Likert-type scale (DOUF/DEIP). The questionnaire comprised of four closed-ended questions and the scale containing 40 items. The sample included 126 PE teachers from Serbia. The obtained results were calculated by the SPSS software version 24, used for the statistical data processing. The following statistical parameters for displaying results were used: frequency (f), percentage (%), arithmetic mean (M), standard deviation (SD), Pearson’s chi-squared test (χ2), the t-test and ANOVA F-test. The research results show that PE teaching is undergoing digitalisation and that teachers have positive attitudes towards digital competences, technologies and the connection between digital education and quality of teaching, schoolchildren’s academic achievements and the teacher’s role.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200729062O
       
  • THE PREVALENCE OF FOOT DEFORMITIES IN ATHLETES WITH VARIOUS SPORTS
           BACKGROUNDS

    • Authors: Nikola Prvulović, Ana Lilić, Miljan Hadžović
      Pages: 667 - 679
      Abstract: Changes and deformities to the feet are frequent among athletes. The aim of this review paper is to determine the prevalence of foot deformities among athletes with various backgrounds, as well as to determine the influence of the deformities on motor task performance. The compiled studies were published between 2002 and 2018. The following electronic databases were used for the search: PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, EBSCO. The identified studies had to satisfy the following criteria: that they included athletes and that the subject of analysis were the differences in foot deformities in relation to performing motor tasks. Research papers on this topic were reviewed and analyzed. They are clearly organized in tabular form, with a clear outline of the details of the research. The results of 16 research papers are summed up. The most prevalent deformity among athletes is flat feet (pes planus). The studies indicate the various deformities which are prevalent in particular sports, and determine the changes in the feet of the athletes, in particular for the foot which plays a decisive role in certain sports. Individuals with flat feet scored lower results compared to individuals with normal arches in terms of time and reaction speed when performing motor tasks.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES190715063P
       
  • PHYSICAL EDUCATION: PRACTICE, CESSATION AND RESUMPTION IN UNTRAINED SAUDI
           COLLEGE STUDENTS

    • Authors: Pablo Prieto-González, Jaromir Sedlacek
      Pages: 681 - 692
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was twofold: firstly, to verify whether two classes a week of Physical Education (PE) are sufficient to improve physical fitness in college students. Secondly, to ascertain the effect of PE practice, cessation and resumption on the mentioned students. Thirty (30) untrained Saudi college students attended PE lessons twice a week for nine weeks. Subsequently, they were inactive for nine weeks, and finally, they attended PE classes again another period of nine weeks. After the two nine-week periods of PE, the participants improved their strength, endurance, speed and agility. The period of inactivity implied the loss of all the adaptations attained during the first nine weeks of practice, except muscular endurance in the trunk flexor muscles. Two classes a week of PE during nine weeks improve physical fitness in untrained university students. These improvements almost entirely decay after nine weeks of inactivity, but can be recovered with another nine weeks of PE classes. Individuals who resume PE lessons after nine weeks of PE followed by a nine-week inactivity period, could attain higher improvements in specific physical capacities (muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, speed and agility).
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES201106064P
       
 
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